Note: The first six months of this calendar are incomplete, as the sources used later in the calendar are more numerous.
Basically, it reflects a learning curve, rather than a lower number of events in the first six months.

Overview: This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click here. Note: All times shown are 24-hour Universal Time and actual local times will usually differ, and local dates may also differ. For earthquakes they are shown as (date; hour:minute); example (01-01; 08:03), which is January 1 at 8:03 UT.




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January


1st-2nd Mid-Phase MODERATE


India: Bitter cold and heavy rain that continues to the 7th, kills 30. North America: Southern California experiences a rare snowfall that closes highways. China: Bitter cold and wintery precipitation halts many activities.

4th -- New Moon (9h 3m) MODERATE


Kilauea, Hawaii: A volcanic eruption continues. North America: More than 1,000 birds fall dead from the sky. Australia: Extensive floods that cause $20 billion in damages. Asia: Sri Lanka heavy rains affect over one million. South America: Heavy rains that continue to the 20th, lead to floods and mudslides, over 1,000 killed.

Note: A partial solar eclipse occurs on January 4th and was visible from most of Europe, the northern half of Africa, the Middle East and Western Asia.

8th-9th -- Mid-Phase LOW


Africa: Libya: Gaddafi's grip slips, as the opposition takes control of security in some locations. North American: Arizona Rep. Gabrielle Giffords among 17 shot in assassination attempt, six killed. Asia: China and Sri Lanka are hit with bitter cold that continues until the 21st.

12th -- First Quarter (11h 31m) MODERATE


North America: Snow blankets the southern states. Millions of fish die in Maryland. Mideast: Lebanon: 11 Cabinet Members Resign, Toppling Lebanese Government. Africa Tunisia: protests, 24 die, President Ben Ali eventually flees Tunisia for Saudi Arabia amid continued protests. Phillipines: Flooding that continues until the 18th kills 57.

15th-16th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE


Brazil: Heavy rains cause flooding. Australia: Eastern Australia is overtaken by heavy rains and flooding. Africa: Tunisia is engulfed by looting, deadly prison riots and street chaos.

19th-20th -- Full Moon (19th: 21h 21m) HIGH


Pakistan: 7.2 magnitude Earthquake strikes southwest. Guatemala: Fuego Volcano spews ash.

22nd-23rd -- Mid-Phase MODERATE


Russia: Kamchatka volcanoes begin rumbling, one erupts next day, another three will eventually erupt.

26th-27th Last Quarter (26th: 12h 57m) LOW


Philippines: Weeks of heavy rains continue to cause widespread flooding. Mideast: Yemen and Tunisia: Renewed protests spread. Africa: Egypt erupts in violence amid protests. North America: Record snowfall buries the Eastern US.

30th-31st -- Mid-Phase LOW


India: Kabul on guard after a suicide attack.




February


3rd -- New Moon (2h 31m) MODERATE


North America: Most of the United States is hit by a blizzard, especially the East, and a rare snowfall covers Dallas, Texas, and Mexico gets record cold that kills six. Australia: Massive cyclone Yasi smashes Queensland's northern coast causing $3.5 billon in damages. Asia: Sri Lanka is again hit with heavy rains that affect 1.25 million, killing at least eleven, continuing through the 6th.

7th-8th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE


South America: In Venezuela Cholera spreads. Japan: Kirishima Volcano erupts. South Africa: Overwhelmed by extensive flooding. Myanmar: Powerful 6.4 quake hits. Europe: Madrid, Spain is swallowed in dangerous smog.

11th -- First Quarter (7h 18m) LOW


Africa: Egypt's Hosni Mubarak is forced from power. Asia: Record snowfall, continues throught the 14th, covers the Korean Peninsula, while the western port city of Samcheok receives 39 inches of snow -- the heaviest since records were kept, beginning in 1911.

14th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Unrest spreads to Bahrain, and renews in Yemen and Iran. Afghanistan: Kabul is hit with flash floods and heavy snowfall killing 25 people and damaging up to 3,000 houses in different parts of the country. China: Drought threatens wheat crop. Solar activity: the Sun erupts with the most powerful, X-Class solar flare. Chile: Another powerful quake hits the following day. North America: The south-central US is hit with bitter cold and heavy snowfall. Africa: Madagascar is hit by cyclone Bingiza, killing six.

18th -- Full Moon(8h 36m) LOW


Mideast: Renewed unrest takes place in Yemen, Libya, Bahrain and Iran.

21st-22nd -- Mid-Phase MODERATE


New Zealand: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake demolishes Chirstchurch. Russia: Kamchatka volcano spews a pyroclastic flow. Africa: Gas plumes spew from Nyiragongo Volcano in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mideast: Yemen: Thousands of antigovernment protesters rally across the country. Africa: Libya: Violent clashes between protesters and security forces intensify in cities throughout the east.

24th-25th -- Last Quarter (23h 26m) MODERATE


North America: The US experiences high winds (80-100 mph) and numerous tornadoes as a major storm hits the East Coast. Mideast: Oman: begins to experience unrest. Yemen: Tens of thousands of Yemenis flood the streets of the capital to demand the resignation of President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Iraq: Thousands gather in Baghdad's Liberation Square to protest, while thousands more march on government buildings across the country, six protesters killed. Jordan: Thousands protest in the capital, Amman. Africa: Libya: In spite of security forces barricading Tripoli with checkpoints and patrols, residents take to the city's streets in protest. Egypt: Tens of thousands rally in Cairo's Tahrir Square to keep up pressure. Tunisia: An estimated 100,000 people demonstrate in Tunis for reform. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection occurred with strong radio waves, while a Class M-3 flare exploded, but traveled away from the Earth.

February -- 28th-March 1st MODERATE


North America: US is hit with floods and tornadoes in the East and Southeast, as wind speeds reach 120 mph. The midwest gets a combination of heavy rains, snow and flooding. Hawaii: Kilauea Volcano again spews lava. South America: Fuego Volcano again erupts. China: Heavy haze chokes many areas. Mideast: Bahrain: protesters march and block parliment building. Iran: Opposition leaders Mir Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karoubi are arrested, and the following day there is the biggest antigovernment protests in two weeks that erupt across the nation in reaction to the arrest. Oman: In the third consecutive day of unrest, striking workers and unemployed protesters block major entrances to Sohar. Yemen: Hundreds of thousands march in cities across the country. Africa: Libya: Planes loyal to Col. Gadhafi attempt to bomb Benghazi but are repulsed by protesters with anti-aircraft weapons, and later the opposition attacks Zawiya. Namibia and Angola: A week of heavy rains begin that lead to flooding, killing 25. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream hits the Earth causing geomagnetic storms.


MARCH


(note: March 1st is listed in the February calander)


4th -- New Moon (20h 46m) -- LOW

Hawaii: Kilauea's volcano erupts as crater floor collapses. North America: Tornadoes hit the Southeast, especially Rayne, Louisiana.

7th-8th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

Hawaii: Kilauea's volcano erupts again, accompanied by more than 150 earthquakes. North America: Record snowfall hits the northeast US and southeast Canada. Powerful thunderstorms, some with tornadoes, begin from Texas and Oklahoma and then shift eastward to the Florida Panhandle, Georgia, Tennessee and as far northeast as Ohio. Millions of anchovies wash up dead in a California marina, south of Los Angeles near Redondo Beach, after a night of high winds. Africa. Libya: Forces loyal to Gadhafi launch air strikes on the opposition-held oil port city of Ras Lanouf to check the opposition's advance west toward the capital, as two days of air strikes hit the opposition. Tunisia: A new government is lauched and disbands a much-hated police unit. Mideast: Bahrain: Hundreds of opposition protesters gather in Manama's financial center overnight and into the morning, defying a police order to disperse, escalating tensions between anti-government demonstrators and the ruling Al-Khalifa family. Yemen: Thousands of inmates riot at a prison in San. South Sandwich Islands: 6.0 and 6.5 earthquakes hit (3/6). Europe: Athens, Greece: Heavy snowfall and winds close highways. Australia: Heavy rainfall cripples the Queensland coast.

Note: Some events from mid-March to mid-April will occur off the lunar phase aspects of the calendar, and this period tends to be the most active time of the year.
These events will be noted in the calendar on the nearest lunar phase date.

12th -- First Quarter (23h 45m) -- HIGH

Japan: Major events took place on the 11th when a X-Class Solar Flare hit the Earth's Magnetic Field, while a major earthquake struck Japan with a 9.0 magnitude -- one of the five strongest in recent history. This event spawned a powerful tsunami that reached as far as the West Coasts of North and South America. The following days brought more than 500 aftershocks, some of which were above 6.0 magnitude. The Earth's rotation sped up, shortening the length of day, while a shift in the Earth's axis also took place. Northern Japan was moved by eight feet. Six nuclear powerplants are damaged, one of which becomes a serious threat spewing radiation. The entire event causes an estimated $300 billion and the death toll appears to be reaching 20,000+. Hawaii: Kilauea volcano erupted with spectacular streams of lava along fissures near Pu'u O'o crater. North Africa and Mideast: Protests continue in Yemen, Bahrain, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan, while in Libya Gadhafi forces attack the opposition with aerial bombardments. The U.N. Security Council suggesting enforcing a "no-fly zone" over Libyan airspace, but no immediate action takes place.

15th-17th -- Mid-Phase -- HIGH

Pakistan: Unmanned US drones attack a car carrying suspected militants. Local tribesmen say the drones then fired another three missiles at their open-air meeting, killing 40 people. Africa: Libya: Gadhafi's forces capture Zwara, the last opposition-held town west of Tripoli, with heavy tank and artillery fire. They also close in on key positions held by the opposition. The following day Gadhafi's forces seize Ajdabiya, the last town standing between them and the opposition capital, Benghazi, and renew shelling of Misrata. The continued airstrikes kill civilians and destroy entire neighborhoods. Togo: Togolese security forces clashed with protestors in Lome to prevent opposition militants from holding street demonstrations. Mideast: Bahrain: King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa declares a three-month state of emergency. The following day security forces carry out a brutal crackdown on protester strongholds in the Pearl and the district of Manama. Yemen: Thousands of protesters take to the streets in the southern provinces of Taiz, Aden and Hadramawt. North America: US: A major storm formed in the Pacific that will hit California and the West. Japan: Shinmoedake volcano, in southern Japan, erupted suddenly, and Honshu is hit by three 6.1 quakes and a 6.0 quake.

Note: Lunar nodal point and wobble peak 17th-19th.

19th -- Full Moon (18h 10m) and Equinox -- MAXIMUM

Japan: A radiation plume from damaged nuclear powerplants drifts across Pacific. Africa: Libya: Gadhafi's forces shell the opposition's stronghold who then respond by shooting down one of his fighter jets. While enforcing a United-Nations mandate to protect Benghazi French jets destroy a Libyan military vehicle. The next day (20th) allied forces strike ground forces and air defenses. Mideast: Yemen: Police shoot live ammunition, rubber bullets and tear gas at protesters in Aden, wounding at least 13 demonstrators, as thousands of protesters attempt to seize a local police station, but are held back. Palestinian Territories: Militants in Gaza fire more than 50 rockets into Israel, the heaviest in two years. Iraq: About 4,000 demonstrators gather in Basra and carry an effigy of Saudi King Abdullah in protest of him sending troops into Bahrain. Honduras: The government says unusually high waves, created by the "Super Moon" event (the extremely close approach to Earth), almost 8 feet (2.4 meters) tall have destroyed food stalls and homes on the country's Pacific Coast. Philippines: A 6.0 quake hit Luzon (3/20). North America: US: A severe storm traps hundreds in California, as flooding rains and heavy snow plummet the state (3/19 to 3/22).

Note: Lunar nodal point and wobble peak 17th-19th, and the Equinox is March 20th-21st, making this time, and 3 to 4 days later, a very high probability for events. The Moon will be at its closest approach to the Earth in about 18.6 years on the 19th of March.

21st-23rd -- Mid-Phase and Equinox -- MAXIMUM

Russia: Kizimen volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula erupts again. Japan: The huge tsunami triggered by the massive magnitude 9.0 Japan earthquake ends up killing thousands of seabirds on the Midway Islands in the Pacific Ocean. A 6.4 magnitude quake hits eastern Honshu. Indonesia: As many as 1,200 people flee an active volcano in northern Indonesia, on the island of Jakarta. Africa: Libya: Allied forces step up air attacks against forces loyal to Gadhafi. Mideast: Yemen: As army tanks and armored vehicles deploy in the capital, three army commanders join antigovernment protesters. Syria: Syrians march in Deraa after a deadly government crackdown failed to stop three days of massive protests. Days later the protests spread through the Arab world and into Jordan and Saudi Arabia. North America: US: Heavy rain and snow, and strong winds in California cause flooding, landslides and wind damage, as two low-pressure systems skirt the state. A total of 86 severe weather reports come from the midwest, including 16 tornadoes in Nebraska and Iowa, and blizzard conditions in the upper midwest. Heavy winter snowfall is now melting, causing floods, especially in North Dakota. Asia: Thialand: Heavy rains begin -- a record 47 inches a week's time --, leading to floods and landslides that affected more than two million, killing 53 and causing villages to be buried.

Note: Equinox is March 20th-21st.

26th -- Last Quarter (12h 07m) -- MAXIMUM

Myanmar: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake hit near the Thailand border (3/24) damaging homes, bridges and other infrastructure, with at least one person dead. Japan: 6.4 and 6.5 quakes again hit eastern Honshu. North America: Southeastern US experiences damaging hail, rain, and tornadoes, especially Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee and Mississippi. California is again swept by floods. Solar Activity: A sustained radio solar storm results from active sunspots, as the Sun becomes more and more active. Africa: Libya: Gadhafi forces continue to be hampered by the UN no-fly zone, as buildings and airstripes are bombed, and opposition forces gain territory. Mideast: Syria: Protesters and government forces clash in Latakia. Yemen: Militants seize the town of Jaar. Thialand: Heavy rains continue into 31 March, killing 21 and leaving thousands of tourists stranded.

29th-30th -- Mid-Phase -- HIGH

North America: The southeastern US experiences more severe weather with severe thunderstorms and tornadoes in Mississippi, Georgia, Florida, and Arkansas -- the storms will continue for days. A major storm moves into the northeast that will eventually dump wet snow throughout New England. Japan: Twenty quakes, ranging from 4.5 to 6.2 magnitude occurred off the east coast of Honshu, near the previously devastated region. Africa: Libya: The opposition advance reaches Nawfaliyah, but they are driven back to the hamlet of Bin Jawwad, to the east. Opposition forces retreat from the oil-refinery port of Ras Lanuf after coming under heavy shelling from Gadhafi's ground forces, and then coalition warplanes attacked the area. Ivory Coast civil war continues with the deaths of 462 people and the displacement of more than 1 million from their homes. Mideast: Syria: The cabinet resigns, as hundreds of thousands of supporters of the regime rally on the streets of Damascus and at least four other major cities. Fiji: Experiences a 6.4 magnitude earthquake. Africa: Ivory Coast's main city, Abidjan, is overwhelmed with heavy fighting, leaving hundreds dead in the west.




April


3rd -- New Moon (14h 32m) -- HIGH

Africa: Ivory Coast: Fighting intensifies in country's main city of Abidjan. Libya: the opposition fights government forces in Brega. Algeria: about 3,000 guards protest in the capital over the government's plans to disband their units. Southern Africa, Namibia and Angola are drenched by heavy rains that cause major flooding. East Africa: Drought kills thousands of livestock and forces a migration of tens of thousands of people. Mideast: Pakistan: a shrine is bombed by the Taliban, killing at least 41 people. North America: United States: Colorado experiences record high temperatures, afterwhich a major snowfall blankets the state. A major storm system moves into an area stretching from the Mississippi River across the Southeast to Georgia and the Carolinas on the 3rd and early 4th of April, producing more than 900 records of severe rain, wind, hail and 20 tornadoes. Asia: Heavy rains triggered huge mudflows on Indonesia's Merapi volcano, triggering torrents of mud that destroyed at least 600 homes and 11 bridges along the volcano's slopes. South of Java, Indonesia: a 6.7 magnitude quake struck. Fiji: An earthquake of magnitude 6.4 struck. Bangladesh: A strong cyclone hits causing floods, killing at least 13 people. Australia: Heavy rains begin in the north that will cause large migrations of rats into the interior. Solar Activity: A solar-wind stream hits the Earth's magnetic field, producing numerous auroras. A coronal mass ejection spews into space, but away from Earth.

7th-8th -- Mid-Phase -- HIGH

North American: Mexico: Thousands march in the streets protesting drug violence. Santa Cruz, Mexico is shaken by a 6.5 magnitude earthquake. US: High winds, hail and isolated tornadoes strike the Midwest, as a strong, cold and wet low pressure trought covers the entire west. Asia: Japan: A 7.1 magnitude earthquake hits off the northest coast close to the previous 9.0 quake on 11 March and the damaged reactors. Mideast: Syria: Anti-government rallies in Deraa leave 23 demonstrators killed, as renewed protests spread across the country. Yemen: Hundreds of thousands converged in the capital for rival demonstrations both for and against their president. Africa: Ivory Coast: Reports of renewed conflict with heavy-weapons fire come from Abidjan. Egypt: In Cairo's Tahrir Square more than 10,000 demonstrate against the newly formed military council. South America: Brazil: Gunman kills 12 students as he opens fire on classroom. Europe: Germany: The northern portion experienced a prolonged drought, while wind conditions produce a rare dust storm.

11th -- First Quarter (12h 05m) -- MODERATE

North America: US: Over 1,000 homes were damaged or destroyed by tornadoes in Iowa and Wisconsin. North Dakota experiences excessive flooding, as high temperatures melt snow. Africa: Libya: NATO stepped up strikes on Gadhafi's forces. Mideast: Syria: Thousands chant "Death is better than humiliation!" as they attend a funeral for four protesters killed two days earlier in the port city of Banias by pro-government gunmen. Asia: Japan is again hit by two earthquakes of 6.0 and 6.2 magnitudes in a region close to the March 11th quakes and tsunami. Carribean: Grenada experiences a rare Spring rain that leads to floods and mudslides. Solar Activity: A high-speed solar stream triggered a geomagnetic storm that sparked auroras around the Arctic Circle and sent Northern Lights as far as the Canadian border and into the United States on April 12th.

14th-15th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

North America: US: Heavy, late snowfall covers the plains. Stretching into the southeast more than 240 tornadoes devastate parts of Arkansas, Alabama, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Iowa, and then moves up the East Coast into Georgia, Virginia and the Carolinas. Widespread damage, and destroyed houses and businesses occurred in the 15 states hit, along with at least 45 people killed. A number of the tornadoes were rare, multi-vortex storms. Japan: Another 6.1 magnitude earthquake hits off the coast of Honshu (late 3/13). Mideast: A rare Spring dust strom stretches across the Persian Gulf, even stopping oil shipments from Kuwait. Syria: Thousands demonstrate in several Syrian cities, some of which chanted "freedom, freedom." Security forces fire tear gas and beat protesters with batons as tens of thousands of people march toward the Syrian capital. Yemen: Yemenis turn out in massive crowds across the country to demand that their President immediately step down. Africa: Algeria: Islamist extremists attack an army post and kill at least 13 soldiers. Libya: The allied forces and Gadhafi's forces continue to clash, with heavy damage to parts of Libya. Asia: The Afghan city of Jalalabad is attacked by the Taliban, killing ten. South America: Columbia: Heavy rains and a mudslide killed fourteen.

18th -- Full Moon (2h 44m) -- MODERATE

South Pacific: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake hits south of the Kermadec Islands. North America: Already swollen rivers in the Midwest rise further, causing floods. Europe: Italy: Mount Etna erupts once again. Asia: Philippines: Taal, one of the most unstable of the many volcanoes on the islands, begins to become restless. Africa: Nigeria: Violence breaks out in the north after the country's Presidential election with a number of people killed. Mideast: Syria: More than 10,000 join funeral processions for four people in the western city of Homs, about 5,000 protesters take over the main square of the city, vowing to occupy it until President Bashar al-Assad is leaves. China: Severe stroms killed 18 in China's Guangdong Province.

21st-22nd -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

Pakistan: At least 16 people were killed and about 30 others were injured in a blast in one of the largest gambling dens in the city of Karachi. Mideast: Syria: At least 88 protesters are killed by security forces, the highest reported death during the current period of unrest there; called the "Bloodiest Day." Africa: Libya: Instense fighting continues as the first US drones are deployed. Egypt: Tens of thousands led by hard-line Muslims escalate protests over the appointment of a Coptic Christian governor in Qena. Philippines: A landslide swept through a mountain village near Manila, killing at least 10 people and leaving dozens missing. Sudan: Fifty-seven "militiamen" were killed when Tang's forces attacked the Sudan People's Liberation Army. North America: US: A tornado rips through the St. Louis International Airport and also hits surrounding areas in Missouri and Illinois. A total of 25 tornadoes ripped across five states making this a record month for violent weather. Japan: Earthquakes of 6.0 and 6.1, and a number of lesser quakes, again hit in the area of March's megaquake.

25th -- Last Quarter (2h 47m) -- MODERATE

North America: US: At least 38 tornadoes and severe weather ripped through several states from Kentucky to Mississippi and lead to another evacuation near a breached levee in Missouri. Heavy rain of 10 to 15 inches affected 18 states, with 68 rivers flooding or near flooding. Winds reached 70 to 100 miles per hour, and heavy hail hits several states, especially Texas. There were over 200 reports of severe weather and thousands of buliding being destroyed. This severe weather continues into the following days. Africa: Libya: Misrata came under attack by Libyan government forces using missles to bombard densely populated residential neighborhoods in an attempt to retake the besieged city, at least 6 were killed. Mideast: Syria: Military tanks and armored vehicles moved into the city of Deraa, and an army unit associated with president Bashar al-Assad shot at protesters, killing many, including women and children. A human rights group reports that 413 people have been killed since the protests began in March. Yemen: Forces loyal to President Saleh shot at protesters demanding he step down, killing two. About 20,000 protested that day. The next day President Saleh agrees to resign. Indonesia: Sulawesi is hit by a 6.2 magnitude earthquake after 11 PM on April 24th (23:07:52).

28th-29th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

North America: US: Devastatingly severe weather continues from the storm system that began on the 22nd. The worst event began late night on 27th with at least 312 tornadoes hitting 14 states and killing 342 (since the 22nd there have been nearly 400 tornadoes). This time whole towns were destroyed and numerous buildings, businesses and homes were smashed. Alabama was the most devastated with a record number of tornadoes and deaths. Weeks of rain and storms has swollen rivers and there is expected to be widespread flooding before the month's close. Africa: Libya: Gadhafi's forces bomb the opposition-held city of Misrata, killing 9 people. Gadhafi's forces cross a border in pursuit opposition forces, but end up clashing with residents of Dehiba, Tunisia. The Tunisian government demands Libya stop all incursions. Morocco: A Marrakesh cafe is bombed, killing fifteen. Mideast: Iraq: One person was killed, 30 were injured from a roadside bomb in Kirkuk. Demonstrations in Mosul kill one and injure 21, four others were killed by a suicide bomber, as deadly attacked are carried out on Iraqi Chirstians in the north. Syria: A continuing crackdown on anti-government protesters in the city of Daraa left 14 dead and 38 wounded. South America: Ecuador: Tungurahua volcano spews ash four miles (7 km) into the air. Asia: Thialand-Cambodian Border: Fighting raged on along the turbulent border as the result of each side claiming the other is trying to take control of ancient temples. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opens up allowing a stream of solar wind to flow from the hole, which is expected to reach Earth on April 29th-May 1st.

General Note About US Weather: At this point there were about 5,800 reports of severe weather in April, while the usual is 3,300, making it the most active April on record. Likewise, the average for the entire month for tornadoes is 163, while this April there has been at least 472 (there were more than 685 eyewitness reports), beating the old record of 267 in 1974. Other records were a single tornado that was tracked for more than 370 miles, and numerous mulit-vortex tornadoes (i.e., tornadoes with a single top, but numerous spouts).




May


3rd -- New Moon (6h 51m) -- MODERATE


North America: US: Severe flooding occurred from Illinois to Mississippi along the lower Mississippi River and its tributaries, causing thousands to flee their homes and greater flood levels will occur as snow melts and rain continues. Africa: Libya: Gadhafi's forces have been shelling a route used to bring supplies from across the Tunisian border to opposition hideouts in the western mountains. South America: Ecuador: Tungurahua volcano erupts again, beginning late on the 2nd of May. Colombia: Heavy rain caused extensive flooding into the first two weeks of May, causing billions in damages, and killing at least 425 people and leaving 482 people missing. Solar Activity: The coronal hole that opened up April 28th, allowing a stream of solar wind to flow from the hole towards Earth, caused geomagnetic storms and aurora, which ended on May 4th.

6th-7th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: At least 30 people have been killed in anti-government protest, making more than 500 dead and 2,500 arrested since mid-March when protests began, calling for their president to step down. Syrian tanks enter into the coastal town of Banias the next day. Iraq: A suicide bomber kills 21 officers in Baghdad. Yemen: Hundreds of thousands of Yemenis fill a boulevard on the western edge of the capital, calling for their president to step down. Africa: Libya: Gadhafi's forces bomb the main fuel depot in Misrata. Egypt: Rival groups threw fire bombs and stones, and gunfire was heard, afterwhich 12 people died and more than 180 were wounded during clashes between Muslims and Christians in Cairo. Southwest Africa: Unusual rains displace hundreds of thousands of people. North America: US: Eight states across parts of the Ohio and Mississppi Valleys are flooded, some to record levels, and the rivers are not done rising and are epected to continue south untill near the month's end. Phillipines: Tropical Storm Aere dumps torrents of rain on the islands, killing 31 and causing extensive damage. Solar Activity: An Earth-sized "fireball" prominence issued off of a sunspot.

10th -- First Quarter (20h 33m) -- LOW


Loyalty Islands: North of the East Australian Field and New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands were shook by a 7.1 magnitude earthquake, followed by at least 10 aftershocks of magnitude 5.0 to 5.7. Europe: Spain: At least 10 people were killed after a magnitude-5.2 earthquake destroyed several buildings in the south, near the town of Lorca. Mideast: Syria: Soldiers backed by tanks enter several southern villages near the beseiged city of Deraa, killing at least 20. Yemen: Government forces fire on antigovernment protesters, killing at least three, while the opposition take over government buildings. The country has stopped producing oil because of the civil unrest there. Africa: Libya: NATO warplanes strike Tripoli with the heaviest bombing to date, as opposition forces take a key airport at Misrata. North America: Canada: In Manitoba snowmelt and heavy rains created unusually extensive flooding along the Assiniboine River, covering nearly 55,600 acres of farmland and destroying 150 homes. The flood levels were said to be at a 1 in 300 year flood level, and caused a least a billion in damages. Solar Activity: A sunspot behind the sun's eastern limb erupted late on May 9th, producing a coronal mass ejection.

13th-14th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW


Mideast: Pakistan: The Taliban claimed responsibility for suicide attacks that killed 80 people at a military training facility; a retaliation for Osama bin Laden's death. Syria: Government forces and snipers opened fire on thousands of protesters, killing at least six people, and then engaged in mass arrests. On May 14th government forces shelled Tal Kalakh in Homs, killing at least three people and injuring at least twenty. Yemen: President Ali Abdullah Saleh rejects calls to step down, while hundreds of thousands of protesters and by army defectors demonstrate, at least three people were killed. On May 14th, a gunmen attacked a checkpoint in Radda, killing six soldiers, while police clashed with protesters in Taiz, injuring fifteen. Afghanistan: A 5.9-magnitude earthquake struck the mountainous Hindu Kush region near the Pakistani border. Africa: Libya: NATO launched more airstrikes in Tripoli, while gunfights between protesters and Gadhafi's soldiers took place. Costa Rica: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck late on the 13th of May. Japan: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck late on the 13th of May. This quake was again in the same region as the quake and tsunami in March; the region have been getting earthquakes every day since the March quake. Solar Activity: A solar-wind stream was observed flowing from two coronal holes, and should reach Earth around May 17.

17th Full Moon (11h 9m) -- LOW


Africa: Libya: NATO airstrikes hit two government buildings in Tripoli, including the interior ministry, setting them ablaze.

20th-21st -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE


Africa: Libya: NATO fighter jets bomb three ports housing Gadhafi's navy with the intent of protecting the opposition-held port of Misrata. Southern Africa: Heavy rains pounded southern Africa, triggering floods across the region with Namibia and Botswana hit the hardest. Mideast: Syria: Government forces opened fire on demonstrators, killing at least 21 people, amid protests by thousands. Turkey: A 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit late on the 19th (20:15:25) W/SW of the capital of Ankara, killing at least two and injuring at least 150 people -- aftershocks continued into the 20th. Iceland: Iceland's most active volcano, Grimsvotn, started erupting. North America: US: As historic floods continue to take place along the Mississippi and its branches, masses of animals are fleeing the region, while some humans remain steadfast in their homes. A huge storm system formed that spawned tornadoes in 5 states and poured more water on flood ravaged areas along the Mississippi. Tornadoes continued to form into the 22nd. Joplin, Missouri was devastated with at least 139 deaths and 1,200 injured and the town was cut in half by a 6-mile (10 km) long path stripped of houses and vechiles. This was a multi-vortex tornado packing winds over 200 mph. Minneapolis, Minnesota was also hit, causing an estimated $166 million in damages. Pacific: Super typhoon Songa hits the Phillipines, causing the evacuation of nearly 250,000 people. The cyclone, though weakened, later hit Japan with heavy rains.

24th -- Last Quarter (18h 52m) -- MODERATE


North America: US: Another huge storm system formed in the Ohio and Mississippi Vallies, spawning multi-vortex tornadoes in Oklahoma that killed at least 13 and caused extensive damage. Texas, Kansas, Oklahoma and Arkansas also were it by tornadoes. India: In a remote area of Gariaband, in Chhattisgarh state, suspected Maoist insurgents killed nine policemen during an ambush. Africa: Libya: NATO warplanes struck Tripoli in what appears to be the heaviest bombing since the aerial attacks began. Mideast: Yemen: The capital of Sanna was overwhelmed by an intense shootout between forces loyal to Saleh and the Hashid tribal federation, killing at least 38 people. Sudan: Sudanese Armed Forces bombed and captured the disputed border town of Abyei, the vast majority in the region have been displaced by the fighting.

27th-28th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW


North America: US: Tornadoes again hit the Midwest in Oklahoma, Minnesota, Missouri and Kansas, especially Redding. Mideast: Syria: As thousands take to the streets, government forces fire on opposition demonstrations, killing at least four. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream hit Earth's magnetic field, causing a moderate geomagnetic storm and triggering auroras in both hemispheres. Sunspots are beginning to form and at least one is emitting a C-class solar flare.




June


1st -- New Moon (21h 03m) -- LOW


North America: US: A supercell thunderstorm and tornadoes hit Springfield, Massachusetts and surrounding areas, causing extensive damage, killing 3 people and injuring 72 others. South America: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit the Bio-Bio region of Chile. Mideast: Syria: Government forces shell a southern town with tanks and artillery, killing at least eight. Yemen: Shelling and street battles between government forces and opposition fighters leave at least 41 people dead on both sides of the conflict in the capital city of Sana´a. In addition, four missiles hit a compound where generals who had defected from the Yemeni regime were meeting. Caribbean: Flooding and landslides kill more than two dozen people.
Note: A partial solar eclipse occurs on June 1st. It is a very small partial eclipse that can be seen from northern Alaska, northern Canada, Greenland, Iceland, and portions of northeastern Asia.

4th-5th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW


Mideast: Israel: Israeli troops fired on pro-Palestinian protesters in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, near the Syrian border, at least 23 where killed and scores more are injuried. It was the anniversary of the 1967 Arab-Israeli war. Yemen: In Abyan Province gunmen ambush a military convoy, killing 9 troops, and earlier 4 others were killed during an attack on the presidential compound in Taiz. Syria: A government crackdown in Jisr al-Shughour and Khan Sheikhoun brings the death toll to 35. Africa: Libya: U.K. and French helicopters are used for the first time over Libya in and around Brega, shortly followed by airstrikes on Tripoli. North America: US: Record high temperatures overwhelm the southern states. South America: Chile: About 3,500 people evacuate a region of southern Chile as a volcano erupts in the Puyehue-Cordón Volcano Complex. South Pacific: Macquarie Island in the Pacific Ocean, about half-way between New Zealand and Antarctica, was hit by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection hit Earth's magnetic field on June 4th, sparking a geomagnetic storm and the Northern Lights.

9th -- First Quarter (2h 11m) -- MODERATE


Caribbean Sea: A stationary low pressure system stretches out and brings soaking rains to Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Puerto Rico. Pacific: The first hurricane of the year, Adrian, suddenly strengthened from a tropical storm west of Mexico. Hawaii's volcanic peaks are balnketed in a rare snowfall. Mideast: Syria: Masses of people leave the town of Jisr al-Shughour deserted as they flee over the border to Turkey, running from the Syrian army. North America: US: Record high temperatures overwhelm the southern and eastern states. Solar Activity: A super solar flare, spawned on June 7th, reaches the Earth on the 9th through the 10th.

12th-13th -- Mid-Phase -- HIGH


Mideast: Yemen: Airstrikes targeting a southern Yemeni town kills three Muslim militants. Africa: Libya: The opposition fought street-by-street in Zawiya, as people protest in Sabha. NATO airstrikes hit Tripoli, while Gadhafi's forces shell Misrata again. Morocco: Thousands march through Casablanca, calling for greater democracy and an end to corruption. Eritrea’s Nabro Volcano begins erupting, and the emissions drifted over much of East Africa and the Middle East, while the ash displaced residents living near the volcano. Pacific: South Island, New Zealand is rocked by a 6.0 magnitude quake; one of three quakes to hit near Christchurch. The Molucca Sea is rocked by a 6.4 magnitude earthquake. Asia: China: Heavy rain and flooding in the south left 105 people dead and more than 60 missing. The floods would displace more than 1.6 million people. The beginning of days of fierce riots by migrant workers in Guangzhou took place onthe 12th. Solar Activity: The Sun hurled a bright and massive coronal mass ejection into space, which is expected to hit the Earth's magnetic field on the 17th.

15th -- Full Moon (20h 14m) -- HIGH


Mideast: Yemen: The opposition captured neighborhoods in Houta, and fought against security forces in Aden. Syria: Thousands fled the town of Maarat al-Numaan to escape government forces who pushing into the north in a military campaign to crush protests. Africa: Libya: Opposition forces gained control of two villages west of Tripoli and took control of Al-Rayayniya. South Pacific: Papau New Guinea: A 6.6 magnitude quake hit the island early on the 16th (00:03:37). Europe: Greece: Some of the most violent protests in more than a year took place, as tens of thousands of protesters gathered in Syntagma square in Athens, near parliament, and an additional 20,000 demonstrated in Thessaloniki. North America: Canada: Riots erupt in Vancouver after the Stanley Cup playoffs left the Canucks defeated, causing widespread damage with fires, turned over cars, fights with police, looting, and torched cars and stores. Asia: China: More heavy rains and flooding, eventually displacing more than 550,000 people.
Note: June 15th, a Total Lunar Eclipse was visible to observers in Africa, southern Asia, and Australia.

18th-19th -- Mid-Phase -- MAXIMUM


Pacific: New Zealand: The rare occurrence of two tornadoes hit the city of New Plymouth on New Zealand's North Island, leaving blocks of residences damaged, along with 15 businesses in the city's center. China: Torrential rains flooded huge areas of Zhejiang and Hubei provinces, including more than one million acres of farmland. Mideast: Yemen: Artillery shelling of an area in southern Yemen killed 12 al-Qaeda-linked militants and wounded three others. Syria: Syrian troops tightened their grip near the Turkish border, setting fire to homes and a bakery that was supplying bread to thousands of displaced people, and meanwhile, the Turkish government began providing food. Earlier Syrian forces encircled Maaret al-Numa. Africa: Libya: Gadhafi's forces sent more soldiers to the outskirts of the opposition-controlled city of Misrata, where figthing has been going on for weeks, and increased rocket attacks against one neighborhood inside the city. Meanwhile, NATO attacks destroyed buildings and mistakenly killed at least nine civilians in the Libyan capital of Tripoli. Europe: Spain: More than 40,000 people protested in the streets of Madrid. North America: US: Strong thunderstorms battered Atlanta, Georgia, causing extensive damage. Pacific: Beatriz develops into a hurricane in the Pacific near the coast of Mexico.

June 20th-21st the solstice MAXIMUM


Solar Activity: Late on the 20th the Sun had a solar flare and coronal mass ejection. Japan: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake hit near the coast of Honshu -- the region of the March megaquake -- (21:50:48) on the 22nd. Pacific: The Solomon Islands were hit by a 6.1 magnitude quake on the 21st of June (02:04:16). South America: Chile: A 6.5 magnitude quake hit Antofagasta on June 20th (16:36:01). Asia: Tropical Storm Meari affected parts of East Asia.

23rd -- Last Quarter (11h 48m) -- MAXIMUM


North America: US: A tornado hit Lousiville, Kentucky causing severe damage. The southern plains and southwest experienced a heat wave. Mideast: Syria: Government troops backed by tanks and snipers swarmed into Khirbet al-Jouz, a village along the Turkish border, in an attempt to expand the government's suppression of the pro-democracy movement. Africa: Libya: NATO continued to bomb key locations in their battle to stop Gadhafi's attemps to squash the opposition. Solar Activity: A fast-moving solar wind buffeted Earth's magnetic field and the coronal mass ejection on the solstice reaches Earth on the 23rd.

26th-27th -- Mid-Phase -- HIGH


North America: US: A heat wave hits the central southern states. Pacific: Papua, Indonesia's north coast was rocked by a 6.4 earthquake on the 26th (12:16:39). Africa: Tripoli is bombed in the area of Gadhafi's compound, as the opposition expand their efforts onto a second front against Gadhafi's army. Mideast: Pakistan: A bomb attached to a motorcycle was detonated near a police station in the city of Multan, injuring six. Afghanistan: A suicide bomb attack on a hospital, near Kabul, killed 35 and injuried 25, and the following evening an attack on a Kabul hotel left at least 10 people dead.


Note on other events in June:

Throughout this month there were a number of huge wildfires in Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. In addition, there was vast flooding caused by the overflow of the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers, due to heavy rain and melting snowpack. About 10 million people are at risk of starvation in the Horn of Africa region, as it faces the worst drought in 60 years, according to the United Nations. Nearly 1,300 people, including children, are arriving daily at the Dadaab refugee camps in Kenya in late June and early July. Flooding across central and southern China during June affected 1.6 million. These events could not be linked to a specific date, but were ongoing, and therefore, did not fit the calendar's parameters.




July


1st -- New Moon (8h 54m) -- MODERATE

North America: Mexico: Tropical Storm Arlene's remnants continued to dump rain over the country's central highlands, killing at least 11 -- the aftermath of floods, mudslides and overflowing rivers in central Mexico and Gulf Coast states. US: Intense heat consumes the West, south-central and southwestern states as high pressure builds, leading to record high temperatures. Thunderstorms pelt the Southeast and plains. Mideast: Syria: Humdreds of thousands staged protests in eastern towns and cities, and demonstrators in Aleppo had been assaulted by government forces, killing at least 24 people. The army also fired tear gas to disperse a demonstration in the village of Amoud, near the Kurdish border. Africa: Libya: Gadhafi announces that he will attack the European nations involved in the NATO attacks. Indonesia: Mount Soputan in North Sulawesi province erupted at around 6:03 am on the 2nd, spewing ash, dust particles and hot gas.

4th-5th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: Soldiers raided homes and made sweeping arrests in Hama, wounding at least 20 people. On the 5th troops fired on Hama residents who set up roadblocks to stop the advance of tanks surrounding the city, at least another 3 people were killed. North America: US: Central Arizona was overwhelmed by a Haboob, a gaint dust storm, 5,000 to 6,000 feet (1,520 to 1,830 meters) high and about 100 miles (161 km) wide and traveling over 150 miles (241 km) with wind gusts as high as 70 miles (113 km) an hour, that recked havoc on buildings and powerlines; some of the dust storm reached eastern California. It is now called an historic, "100-year" event. South America: Chile: An extremely rare snow fell on the Atacama Desert, the driest desert in the world, with 32 inches (80 cm) of snow. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream triggered a geomagnetic storm and auroras.

8th -- First Quarter (6h 29m) -- MODERATE

Mideast: Yemen: Supporters of president Ali Abdullah Saleh's opened fire across Yemen, killing at least 11 people. Syria: Syrian forces kill eight people during a demonstration in Damascus, as tens of thousands fill the streets, demanding the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad. Mass demonstrations erupt nationwide that triggered a crackdown, killing at least 13 people; In Hama alone there were an estimated 200,000 demonstrators. Africa: Egypt: Tens of thousands filled the streets in Cairo's Tahrir Square and other cities to demand justice for victims of Hosni Mubarak's regime and seek a clear plan for a transition to democracy. Libya: Thousands of Libyans took to the streets of Tripoli's Green Square for mass prayers. Gadhafi's army shell the opposition's positions west of Misrata, killing at least five and injuring others. Pacific: Tropical storm Calvin strengthens into a hurricane, west of Mexico. North America: US: Powerful thunderstorms overwhelmed an area from Tennessee and northern Alabama into Maryland and Virginia. Flooding downpours soaked Philadelphia and Tampa Bay, Florida. Asia: South Korea: Twelve people were killed and four others were missing due to monsoon rain-induced landslides as more than 15.7 inches (400 mm) of rain fell from the 8th through the 10th.

11th-12th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

North America: US: Record temperatures and sweltering heat hit the plains area, and then spreads to the east. Thunderstorms pummeled Chicago with hurricane-force winds and continued to affect the Midwest. Indonesia: A restless Indonesia volcano -- Mt. Lokon -- led authorities to raise the alert to its highest and called for the evacuation of thousands. Phillipines: On the 11th, Negros is hit by a 6.4 magntitude earthquake (20:47:05 ), followed by numerous aftershocks. Africa: Libya: Clashes against forces loyal to Gadhafi in the western town of Zlitan, leaving the opposition forces with at least 22 wounded and one dead. Mideast: Syria: Syrian troops storm into Homs, killing at least one and wounding 20. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection hit the Earth's magnetic field on the 11th, and an active region emerged over the Sun's eastern limb, hurling material high above the stellar surface.

15th -- Full Moon (6h 40m) -- MODERATE

Pacific: Ma-On Typhoon strengthens, while heading for Japan. North America: US: Dangerous thunderstorms rumbled across the northern Plains, as severe and prolonged heat wave impacted millions across the Heartland of the nation. South America: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck offshore near Valparaiso, Chile, on the 16th (00:26:14). Mideast: Syria: Government forces reportedly killed 14 protesters during anti-government demonstrations across the country. Jordan: Government supporters attack pro-reform protesters to prevent them from gathering in a main square in the capital, Amman, police beat protesters and journalists, wounding at least 10 people. South America: Brazil: Flooding and mudslides kill 10 people in the northeast. Solar Activity: A coronal hole spewed solar wind toward Earth.

18th-19th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

Caribbean: Tropical Storm Bret was born in the northwestern Bahamas and continued to strengthen. North America: US: From Minneapolis to Philadelphia and Syracuse, N.Y., more than 200 high-temperature records would be broken as a result of the high-pressure system. The heat fueled numerous and destructive thunderstorms. Africa: Libya: Opposition forces routed most of Gadhafi's troops out of the oil town of Brega. South America: Southern Chile's mountainous Auracania region was covered by a massive snowstorm that dumped about 8 feet of snow in the area, leaving about 6,500 people isolated without electricity or gas. Pacific: Tropical Storm Dora strengthens to a Category 1 hurricane and over the next few days reaches into a Category 4 hurricane.

23rd -- Last Quarter (5h 02m) -- LOW

Japan: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake hit near the east coast of Honshu (the area of May's quake and tsunami). The following day (24 May) a 6.2 quake also struck. Mideast: Syria: The government's forces kill at least five people as hundreds of thousands of protesters flood the streets of Damascus, Aleppo, Homos and other cities. Afghanistan: A coalition operation against militants in southeastern Afghanistan (i.e., near Kabul) left at least 50 insurgents dead. Europe: Oslo, Norway: A lone bomber and gunman bombed a government headquarters building in Oslo and also committed a mass shooting later that same day at an island summer camp organized by a youth group supporting the ruling Labor Party. At least 93 people were killed.

26th-27th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

Europe: Kosovo: Minority, ethnic Serbs attacked and set fire to a security post on it's northern border with Serbia. North America: Severe weather moved through the Northeast, and in Massachuesetts a major storm left behind extensive damages. Many thunderstorms erupted across the Upper Midwest unleashing damaging winds. Mideast: Syria: Government troops opened fire in Kanakar (a Damascus suburb) killing at least eight people who were trying to stop the soldiers' by throwing stones and burning tires. Afghanistan: A suicide bombing killed the mayor and at least one other person, creating further security problems in the region. Pacific: Tropical Storm Don forms about 100 miles Northeast of Cancun, Mexico. Asia: South Korea: Giant landslides in Seoul killed 67 people and flooding was widespread in and around the city; more rain would follow. Phillipines: Two tropical cyclones moved through the islands, killing 27 people and leaving more than 60 injured or missing. Africa: Up to two feet of snow fell over parts of South Africa. Solar Activity: Two new, big sunspots emerged on the Sun's northeastern limb and the active regions were bursting with solar flares.

30th -- Last Quarter (18h 40m) -- LOW

Japan: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake again hit near the east coast of Honshu (the area of May's quake and tsunami). South Pacific: Vanuatu: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit the island on the 31st (14:34:50). Mideast: Syria: In a government crackdown on protesters at least 71 people were killed across the country. Solar Activity: A sunspot unleashed a brief but strong solar flare, as a geomagnetic storm occurred in response to solar wind buffeting Earth's magnetic field. In addition, three large sunspot groups were rotating across the Earth-facing side of the Sun.




August


2nd-3rd -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

North America: US: A severe and prolonged heat wave began, impacting millions across the Plains for days. Phillipines: A Typhoon Muifa off the coast fueled monsoon rains, which flooded the capital city of Manila and triggered flash floods and landslides. Asia: Pakistan: At least 30 people were killed in Karachi, the latest deaths stemmed from a cycle of ethnic and political violence that totalled about 1,000 this year. Mideast: Syria: Government forces tightened their siege on the city of Hama and renewed raids on Deir el-Zour. Africa: Egypt: Clashes between supporters and dissidents of president Mubarak took place outside the courtroom in which was his trial for crimes against Egyptians. Atlantic: Tropical Storm Emily formed about 50 miles (85 km) west-southwest of Dominica. Pacific: Hurricane Eugene strengthened first into a Category 2 then into a Category 3 hurricane. The Kuril Islands, near northern Japan were shaken by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake (08/04 13:51:36). Solar Activity: Sunspot 1261 unleashed first an M-1 class solar flare on the 2nd and then another strong, M-6 class solar flare on the 3rd. A coronal mass ejection was observed heading for Earth with an estimated arrival on August the 5th or 6th. The same sunspot would unleach a X-Flare, the most powerful class of flares, early on the 4th (03:57 UT); it increased energetic protons by a 100-fold around the Earth.

6th -- First Quarter (11h 08m) -- LOW

Asia: China: Typhoon Muifa brought strong, gusty winds and heavy rainfall to coastal areas, after drenching Korean. Japan: Typhoon Merbok upgraded into a Category 1 Typhoon 830 nautical miles (1,540 km; 960 mi) East-southeast of Tokyo, Japan. Africa: Libya: Opposition forces gained ground against Gadhafi's forces after a major offensive in the western town of Bir Al-Ghanam. Mideast: Syria: Again tanks stormed the eastern city of Deir al-Zor, killing at least 50 and destroying buildings and baracades in a continued attempt to stop protesters. Atlantic: Tropical Depression Emily, after losing strength, regenerates about 70 miles (115 km) west-northwest of Great Abaco Island. Europe: England: London was overwhelmed by a huge crowd of rioters that destroyed buildings, cars and buses, as well as looting of commercial stores. The riots would continue for days afterward. Solar Activity: Earth's magnetic field was still stormy from a coronal mass ejection that struck on August 5th, sparking one of the strongest geomagnetic storms in years.

9th-10th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

North America: US: Severe weather ripped through parts of Delaware, with a possible tornado, as well as southeastern Pennsylvania and southern New Jersey. The following day Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, New York and Connecticut were plummetted by severe thunderstorms. Alaska's Cleveland Volcano, located on uninhabited Chuginadak Island in the Aleutians, erupted. Mideast: Syria: The military widened its assault on a group of villages around Idlib (near the Turkish border), and continued to shell Deir el-Zour, as well as killing 16 people while continuing to storm Homs. Europe: England: The London riots that began on the 6th continued and spread to eight other cities, more than 1,500 arrests were made. Solar Activity: Sunspot 1263 produced a powerful X7-class solar flare -- the most powerful flare of this solar cycle to date.

13th -- Full Moon (18h 57m) -- LOW

Mideast: Syria: Syrian warships joined a military assault that targeted protesters in the port city of Latakia and also the town of Qusair (bordering Lebanon), leaving at least 20 people dead. Afghanistan: Militants, strapped with explosives-laden vests, stormed a governor's compound in central eastern Afghanistan, leaving 25 dead and 37 wounded. Africa: Algeria: A car bomb exploded outside a police station in the city of Tizi-Ouzou, wounding at least 33 people.

16th-17th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

Mideast: Syria: Gunfire and shelling rang out across the coastal city of Latakia, while there were reports of Palestinian refugees fleeing the city under siege amid a military offensive against protesters; at least 35 people were killed. Africa: Libya: The opposition threatened to isolate Tripoli by blocking key supply routes, including the near-complete capture of Zawiya, where the country's only functioning oil refineries are located. New Zealand: An unusual outbreak of cold and snow dumped heavy snow in Christchurch and Queenstown, closing airports, cutting power, and creating hazardous road conditions. It was described as a once-in-a-lifetime event with snow in areas that hadn't had snow since the 1970s and settled on the ground in downtown Auckland -- the last time was 1939. India: Tens of thousands descended onto streets across the country in support of the jailed anti-corruption crusader Anna Hazare. Central America: Honduras: In Tegucigalpa hundreds of troops and police officers headed to an area were there is a land dispute between peasants and corporate landowners, at least 11 people died in two days of clashes. Japan: Again the Honshu area is rocked by a 6.2 magnitude earthquake (08/17; 11:44:08). Pacific: Tropical Depression Six-E strengthened into Tropical Storm Fernanda, and Tropical Depression Seven-E formed 215 mi (346 km) south of Acapulco, Mexico. Solar Activity: A new sunspot (1272) emerged on the sun's southeastern limb and emitted C-class solar flares.

21st -- Last Quarter (21h 54m) -- LOW

Mideast: Iraq: A Turkish airstrike pounded more than 100 Kurdish targets in northern Iraq, killing at least seven. Yemen: Two suicide bombings targeted anti-al Qaeda tribesmen in Abyan Province killing twelve. Africa: Libya: Opposition forces advance into Tripoli, driving out elite forces and seizing weapons, as widespread clashes continued. Sudan: Nearly 200 people were killed in South Sudan in a cattle raid and a militia attack. Caribbean: Tropical Storm Irene continued to churn west-northwest toward Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Cuba and the Bahamas, the storm strengthened into a hurricane. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms erupted ahead of a cold front moving across the Northeast and mid-Atlantic. Hurricane Irene was expected to make landfall along the East Coast in a day or two. South Pacific: Vanuatu was shaken by a 7.1 (08/20; 16:55:03) and a 7.0 (08/20; 18:19:25) magnitude earthquakes, followed by numerous aftershocks ranging from 4.9 to 5.6 magnitudes.

24th-25th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

Caribbean: Hurricane Irene pounded the Bahamas, Abaco island and the Dominican Republic with heavy rains and flooding. The president of the Bahamas indicated the 90% of the houses were destroyed or damaged. Irene is headed toward the US and eventually would reach Category 4 strength. Africa: Libya: The opposition took over Tripoli, the capital, where Gadhafi resided. The opposition-led council moves to take control of the capital and offered a reward of $2 million for anyone who captures Gadhafi. Nigeria: At least 18 people were killed in a suicide car bombing at the United Nations headquarters in the capital, Abuja. Mideast: Syria: Tanks stormed the eastern city of Deir el-Zour and made sweeping arrests. Palestine: Israeli warplanes struck several times along the country's border with Gaza, killing three people and wounding at least twenty. In response, Islamic Jihad had fired about 10 rockets from Gaza into southern Israel. Asia: Pakistan: A bomb planted in a child's tricycle exploded in northwestern Pakistan, killing at least 11 people and damaging several stores and hotels. South America: Peru: A 7.0 magnitude earthquake shook the North (08/24; 17:46:12). South Pacific: Vanuatu was shaken by a 6.2 magnitude earthquake (08/24; 23:06:17). Solar Activity: A solar wind stream shook Earth's magnetic field sparking geomagnetic activity and auroras around the Arctic Circle.

29th -- New Moon (3h 04m) -- MODERATE

North America: US: Flood waters spawned by Hurricane Irene ravaged huge regions of the East Coast, while waters rose further with the New Moon. Thunderstorms brought heavy rain and hail to already battered areas along the East Coast. Atlantic: A new tropical storm, Katia, begins brewing towards a possible hurricane. Pacific: Talas, a tropical storm, begins posing a typhoon threat to Japan. Mideast: Iraq: A series of bomb attacks left 35 people dead and scores injuried. Syria: Government forces stormed Sarameen, killing five people and wounding many. Raids also took place in the village of Heet, along with a military buildup outside the central town of Rastan. Indonesia: Timor: A powerful, 6.8 magnitude earthquake hit the Banda Sea off East Timor (08/30 06:57:41). Europe: Italy: Another powerful eruption, with intense tall lava fountain (i.e., paroxysm) activity, occurred at Etna volcano's new southeast crater. Africa: Nigeria: Flooding claimed 102 lives in the southwest, where heavy rain caused a dam to burst and a river to overflow near the city of Ibadan. Solar Activity: A prominence was slowly arcing over the Sun's northwestern limb.




September


1st-2nd -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

North America: US: Slow-moving tropical storm Lee battered the Gulf states, particularly Louisiana, dropping between 10 and 20 inches of rain in places. Fox Islands, a part of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, were hit by a 6.8 magnitude earthquake (09/02; 10:55:54), and was followed by 24 aftershocks of 2.6 to 4.9 magnitudes. Mideast: Turkey: Kurdish activists clashed with riot police at a protest in Istanbul. Syria: Government troops spreads out in cities to block what have become known as regular Friday protests. South America: Argentina: Santiago Del Estero was shaken by a 6.7 magnitude earthquake (09/02; 13:47:11). North Atlantic: Hurricane Katia first strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane, then weakens back to a tropical storm, and again strengthened in a Category 1 hurricane. Phillipines: Powerful Typhoon Nanmadol left a path of destruction across the northern. The storm winds were over 145 miles per hour (230 km/hour) at its peak, and it destroyed bridges, swamped roads, knocked down power poles, and triggered a deadly landslide in the city of Baguio.

4th -- First Quarter (17h 39m) -- MODERATE

Japan: Typhoon Talas hit western Japan as a tropical storm producing record rainfall that triggered landslides and flooding. At least 34 people were killed, 55 were missing, and nearly 460,000 were evacuated. It is touted as the worst typhoon to hit the country in seven years, and washed out bridges, railways and roads. North America: After drenching Louisiana and Mississippi, slow-moving tropical storm Lee moved northward as it spawned tornadoes from Mississippi to Georgia. In the northeast heavy rain further drenched states that were still being affected by the ravages of Hurricane Irene. South Pacific: Vanuatu was shaken by a 6.1 (09/04; 21:44:21) and 7.0 (09/03; 22:55:36) magnitude earthquakes. Tonga was shaken by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake (09/05; 09:52:00). Indonesia: North Sumatra was shaken by a 6.6 magnitude earthquake (09/05 17:55:14). Africa: Libya: NATO forces bombed several targets near Sirte, a stronghold of Gadhafi's backers. The opposition prepared to launch an assault on Bani Walid. Mideast: Syria: Military operations made widespread arrests in Idlib and Deir el-Zour. At least nine people are killed in central Syria in an ambush by armed groups. Yemen: Military forces fired on a rally in San'a, wounding at least five people. Atlantic: Hurricane Katia strengthens into a Category 2 hurricane. Solar Activity: The northwestern limb of the Sun spewed out an M3-class solar flare, and a coronal mass ejection.

7th-8th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

North America: Rain continued to plague the already flooded Northeast, creating the worst flooding since Agnes in 1972. Atlantic: Tropical depression 14 strengthens into tropical storm Maria. Tropical storm Nate forms in the Bay of Campeche, which is about 125 miles (201 km) west of Campeche, Mexico. Mideast: Syria: Government forces kills at least 9 people and wounds several in Homs, and two are killed during raids in Sarameen. Yemen: Airstrikes against al Qaeda kills at least three militants. Solar Activity: Sunspot 1283 continued to explode with solar flares, including an M6-class solar flare on the 8th.

12th -- Full Moon (9h 27m) -- MODERATE

Africa: Kenya: At least 96 people were killed after a gas pipeline explosion and fire in the capital, Nairobi. Mideast: Syria: Government forces blocked off roads leading to Hama, as well as electricity and telephone lines, before conducting raids near the city. An unknown number of people were killed. The U.N. reported that 2,600 people were killed since the government began its crackdown on protestors. Iraq: Men with guns forced their way onto a bus of traveling Shiite pilgrims and shot 22 men to death. Asia: Pakistan: The southeast was flooded caused by heavy rains that killed almost 200 people, and destroyed or damaged more than one million homes, while displacing more than 200,000 people. South Pacific: Vanuatu was shaken by a 6.0 magnitude earthquake (09/11; 23:37:36), and New Guinea was rattled by a 6.2 magnitude earthquake (09/12; 22:44:32). Solar Activity: A fast stream of solar wind is buffeted the Earth's magnetic field and causing geomagnetic activity.

15th-16th -- Mid-Phase -- HIGH

Asia: Pakistan: Monsoon rains in the southeast have submerged more than 4.5 million acres, and at least 5.5 million people have been affected, with at least 233 dead. South Pacific: Fiji was jolted by a 7.3 magnitude earthquake (09/15; 19:31:03), and New Zealand, east of North Island was hit by a 6.0 magnitude quake (09/15; 07:53:12). Japan: A 6.2 magntiude quake again hit the east coast of Honshu (09/15; 08:00:07), and the following day a 6.6 (09/16; 19:26:42) and a 6.2 (09/16; 21:08:06) magnitude earthquakes struck the same region. North America: A 6.1 magnitude quake shook the Aleutian Islands, Alaska (09/14; 18:10:07). Mideast: Yemen: Troops opened fire on thousands of people demonstrating in Taez against President Saleh, wounding at least 10 people, and in Sanaa, a tank shelled a house, killing at least three, afterwhich violent clashes broke out. Syria: Government forces opened fire upon protesters entering into the streets after Friday prayers, shortly after troops killed at least four people in raids in Hama. Africa: Libya: Opposition forces faced strong resistance in Bani Walid, one of the remaining regions still supporting Gadhafi. North Atlantic: Tropical Maria was upgraded to a category 1 hurricane with winds of 75 mph on the 15th and raced across the Avalon Peninsula on the 16th. Japan: Typhoon Roke headed towards western Japan and brought heavy rains, flooding and landslides, while still reeling from the recent record rainfalls from Typhoon Talas. Solar Activity: On the 14th an eruption near sunspot 1289 flung a coronal mass ejection in the general direction of Earth. Also, the sunspot complex 1295-1296 has more than doubled in area and quadrupled in spot number since the 14th.

20th -- Last Quarter (13h 39m) -- MAXIMUM

Japan: Typhoon Roke strengthened with winds of 115 mph (185 kph) and was headed for central Japan, while about 80,000 residents were ordered, and more than 1 million people were urged, to evacuate as heavy rain, mudslides, damaging winds and flooding were forecast. China: Torrential rains flooded many regions with at least 60 people dead and more than one million evacuated. Flooding and heavy rain also affected more than 16,700 hectares (more than 41,000 acres) of crops, and 31,000 houses were destroyed in Sichuan provinence alone. It was expected to be "the worst flooding since records began in 1947." Mideast: Yemen: Days of violence between government forces and protesters ushers fears of civil war. Asia: India and Pakistan: Heavy rains brought widespread floods. In Pakistan, floods killed at least 200 people and affected five million in the provinces of Punjab, Balochistan, and Sindh. Rivers overflowed, as the floods swamped nearly four million acres of land and damaged or destroyed almost a million homes. Rice, cotton, and sugarcane crops were destroyed. Orissa, in northeastern India, the Brahmani and Mahanadi rivers overflowed with at least 16 people killed by the floods. Solar Activity: Coronal mass ejections were spreading within the inner Solar System. The Sun let loose with at least six coronal mass ejections in 24 hours (from 2300 UT 9/18 to 1700 UT 9/19). Asia: India-Nepal Border: A 6.9 earthquake rattled the region (09/18; 12:40:48) killed 53 people and damaged more than 100,000 homes.

23rd-24th -- Mid-Phase and the Autumnal Equinox (23rd) -- MAXIMUM

North Pacific: Hurricane Hilary, about 80 miles south of Mexico, strengthens into a Category 4 hurricane. Mideast: Iraq: At least 10 people were killed and 70 wounded when four consecutive explosions rocked the city of Karbala. Syria: A bus full of police officers was ambushed, killing five and wounding 18 in Deraa Province. Yemen: More than 200,000 anti-government protesters turn out in Sanaa, amid the return of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Southeast Asia: Tropical Storm Nesat, churning over the open Philippine Sea, looms as a serious threat to the Philippines. Atlantic: Tropical Depression Seventeen intensifies into Tropical Storm Phillippe. Solar Activity: A long-duration X1.4-class solar flare blasted from sunspot 1302 (peak 1100 UT, 9/22), and produced a major coronal mass ejection. A pair of coronal mass ejections propelled by explosions of sunspot AR1302 (9/24) headed toward Earth.

27th -- New Moon (11h 09m) -- MAXIMUM

Southeast Asia: Tropical Storm Nesat, turned Typhoon Nesat, slammed into the Phillipines killing at least seven, struck agricultural provinces and 40 other regions, including Manila. Flooding was rampant. Nesat would eventually also hit South China. Atlantic: Tropical storm Ophelia having weakened to a disorganized storm, again organized into a tropical storm, possibly headed for Bermuda. North America: US: Flooding rains hit Virgina, Pennsylvania, and southern New York, areas still reeling from heavy flooding earlier in the month. Asia: Russia: A Kamchatka volcano spews out a new lava flow. Mideast: Yemen: A suicide bomber blows his car up next to the passing convoy of Yemen's defense minister, who escapes uninjured. Syria: Government troops storm Rastan and on the highway to Turkey, leaving at least 20 people wounded. Africa: Egypt: In Egypt's Sinai Peninsula islamic militants attacked a gas pipeline that transports fuel to neighboring Israel and Jordan; the sixth such attack this year.

30th-1st October -- Mid-Phase -- HIGH

Asia: Phillipines: Super Typhoon Nalgae made landfall along the central Luzon coast with sustained winds of 150 mph, killing at least 59 people. During the last phase (see the 27th) Typoon Nesat had flooded the same area and now flooding has escalated. Africa: Libya: Forces loyal to the ousted regime engaged in heavy combat with opposition fighters that surrounded the city of Sirte. Mideast: Syria: Government forces retook most of the central town of Rastan after days of fighting with defectors who had joined the opposition. Atlantic: Hurricane Ophelia strengthens first into a Category 2 hurricane and then into a Category 3 hurricane heading towards Bermuda. Europe: United Kingdom: The highest record temperature since 1897 occurred. Solar Activity: A Sungrazer -- a comet striking into the Sun -- hit the Sun on the 1st, and the comet may have triggered the coronal mass ejection that followed. Also on the 1st, two widely-spaced sunspots (1302 and 1305) exploded in quick succession.




October


(Note: See last entry in September for October 1st)

4th -- First Quarter (3h 15m) -- HIGH

Africa: Somalia: A truck filled with explosives slammed into a government complex in the heart of Somalia killing an estimated 100 people and injuring about 150. An Islamist movement that has links to al Qaeda, Al-Shabaab, claimed responsibility. Algeria: Rain began and continued for days causing rivers to overflow and floods killed 10 people and destroyed scores of homes near El-Bayadh. Southeast Asia: Thailand: Severe flooding killed more than 200 people due to unusually high seasonal rainfall. The worst flooding in decades affected 58 out of 77 provinces. Indonesia: Tambora volcano, site of the most powerful eruption in our planet's history, spewed ash and smoke. Mideast: Saudi Arabia: Unrest between government forces and protesters took place in Awamiyya with 14 hurt by gunfire and makeshift bombs.

7th-8th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

Africa: Libya: Transitional government forces fought their way into the centre of Sirte, street by street for two days straight, killing at least 12 people and injuring more than 190. Sirte was a city still harboring ex-leader Gaddafi's forces. Egypt: Clashes broke out in Cairo after a protest against an attack on a church in Aswan province the previous week, at least 23 people were killed and scores were injured in the violence. Mideast: Syria: Government forces opened fire on mourners as they attended funerals of people who died on the 7th, killing at least fourteen. North America: US: A low pressure system over the Florida Straits brought flooding downpours (as much as a foot in places), gusty winds and high surf to the Southeast. Northeast Pacific: Tropical Storm Irwin strengthens into Hurricane Irwin. South Pacific: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake (10/07; 08:58:30) hit south of the Kermadec Islands.
South America: Jujuy was shook by a 6.2 magnitude earthquake (10/06; 11:12:29).

12th -- Full Moon (2h 06m) -- MODERATE

North America: Mexico: Hurricane Jova, a Category 2 hurricane when it hit, eventually turned Tropical Storm, caused extensive flooding in the region near Puerto Vallarta, leaving more than 1,400 in shelters and destroying property. A new tropical depression has formed and poses new threats. Southeast Asia Phillipines: Tropical Storm Banyan triggered landslides as it unleashed flooding rain and strong winds from the 9th through the 12th, leaving six dead and nine missing. Thailand: Monsoon rains overwhelmed much of the country as well as in Laos and Cambodia. In Thailand, floods were the "worst to hit Thailand since 1949," destroying 2.5 million acres of farmland, killing at least 281, and affecting hundreds of villages and towns. Indonesia: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake hit south of Bali (10/13; 03:16:30). Solar Activity: A new sunspot near the Sun's eastern limb was producing C-class solar flares.

15th-16th -- Mid-Phase -- MODERATE

North America: US: The Occupy Wall Street demonstrations turn violent in a number of cities. Wind gusts as high as 75 mph (121 km/hr), along with ongoing drought conditions, created an 8,000-foot (2,400-meter) wall of dust that made its way to Lubbock, Texas. Europe: Protests turn violent as extensive property is left behind. Mideast: Yemen: Government forces fire on tens of thousands of protesters in San'a, killing 12 and wounding hundreds. The following day (16th) government forces again fired on demonstrators gathering for a march in Sanaa, killing five and injuring 54 people. Africa: Libya: Heavy fighting continued in Sirte As the opposition forces take more territory. Solar Activity: The Earth entered a fast-moving solar stream and undergoes geomagnetic storms.
South Pacific: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake hit near Papua New Guniea (10/14; 03:35:15). Asia: Russia: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake hit Amurskaya Oblast'(10/14; 06:10:15).

20th -- Last Quarter (3h 30m) -- LOW

Asia: Thialand: Flooding affects over nine million people and the death toll had risen to at least 320. At least 14,000 factories have been affected nationwide, and overall damage from the floods could top $2 billion. Australia: A heavy rainstorm dropped feet of rain along the northern Queensland coast with totals ranging from 8.3 to 33.3 inches. Europe: Police and protestors clashed violently, as tens of thousands of demonstrators gathered in Athens during a two-day general strike over forced economic measures. Central America: A series of powerful storms drenched Central America and triggered deadly floods and landslides, killing at least 80 people. El Salvador was hit the hardest, killing least 32 people, destroying houses and bridges. Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua were also flooded. North America: Mexico: Hurricane Jova slammed into the southwestern coast, killing at least five people. Solar Activity: An M1.6-class solar flare issued off the Sun's northwestern limb.
New Zealand: A 7.4 magnitude earthquake shook the Kermadec Islands Region (10/21; 17:57:17). Japan: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake hit Hokkaido (10/21; 08:02:38)

23rd-24th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

Asia: Turkey: A 7.2 earthquake hit the eastern region near the city of Van and the town of Ercis, followed by at least 21 aftershocks, including a 6.0 magnitude quake. The quake killed at least 450 people with projects that it could reach 1,000, as scores of people are amid the rubble of a "thousand buildings." Central America: Tropical Depression 18 formed bringing heavy thunderstorms to Central America and the western Caribbean. Tropical Depression 18 then strenthened to become Tropical storm Rina, which again stengthened to a Category 1 hurricane drenching Honduras. It reached Category 2 status the following day before landfall in Mexico and heavy rains drenched the Caymen Islands. In Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala, flooding and mudslides affected thousands and killed dozens of people. Asia Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula again undergoes a powerful eruption. Europe: Canary Islands: An undersea volcano is erupting near the island of El Hierro, found off the coast of Spain. Italy: Mount Etna again erupts spewing ash on numerous villages. Ireland: Torrential rains led to widespread flooding that killed two residents in Dublin, as more rain fell in a few hours than is usual for the entire month. Italy: The same storm that hit Ireland continued on and dumped up to 19.7 inches (500 mm) of rain within a 24-hour period in some locations, as floods and landslides killed at least a dozen and washed away bridges and roads. South America: Chile: Puyehue Cordon-Caulle volcano once again erupted. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection caused a strong compression of Earth's magnetic field. Later, a strong geomagnetic storm occurred, and strong ground currents were observed in Norway. Auroras were seen in 30 states and as far south as from Alabama to Arizona -- an extremely rare occurrence.

26th -- New Moon (19h 56m) -- LOW

North America: US: In a short 36 hours, after a record warmth of 80 degrees, a snowstorm hit Colorado with anywhere between 3 to 10 inches of snow. More than 100,000 people were without power as the weight of the snow downed powerlines. Mideast: Syria: Tens of thousands filled a Damascus square as at least nine civilians were killed in military operations across the country. Yemen: Hundreds of women set fire to their veils in San'a to protest the government suppression against the country's uprising as overnight conflicts killed at least 25 people. South Pacific: Fiji: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake shook the island (10/27; 00:15:26).

29th-30th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

North America: US: The Northeast was struck with a rare early snowfall. Record amounts of snow reached to as much as nearly 32 inches. The snowstorm covered an area from Virigina to Maine, knocking down powerlines and leaving millions without electricity. Six people were killed in snow-related incidents. Mexico: At least 14 people were killed in the western state of Michoacan after a shootout with soliders. Asia: Afganistan: Five soliders and eight civilians were killed in central Kabul when a suicide bomber struck a military convoy. Africa: Sudan: Thirty-nine people were killed when South Sudanese rebels launched an attack in the oil-rich Unity state. Mideast: Israel: At least 10 people were killed in Gaza and southern Israel, in a barage of attacks between the Israeli military and Palestinian militants. Syria: Government forces killed at least 60 civilians protesters. South America: Peru: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake that struck near the coast rocked the city of Lima, destroying buildings and injuring 103 people (10/28; 18:54:34). Nine aftershocks occurred with the strongest at 5.5 magntude.




November


2nd -- First Quarter (16h 38m) -- LOW

North America: US: A major snowstorm hit the Rockies and central Plains. Thousands of anti-corporate greed demonstrators closed one of America's busiest ports, the Port of Oakland in California. Pacific: Hawaii: Hawaii experienced its first snow on Mauna Kea's summit, which is usually snow-capped in winter. Pacific-Anarctic Ridge: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck (11/02; 14:59:26). Mideast: Syria: Gunmen attacked factory workers in the village of Houla, killing at least 11, and later machine-gun mounted tanks open-fired on a crowd in Homs, killing at least 20. Iraq: Two bombs exploded as government-backed Sunni militia waited to collect their pay in Baquba, killing six and wounding dozens. Solar Activity: One of the largest sunspots in years appeared on the Sun's northeastern limb, which bursted with an X2-class solar flare.

5th-6th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

Africa: Nigeria: Bomb and gun attacks in the north-eastern (the town of Damaturu) killed at least 63 people. The Islamist militant group Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the attacks. Democratic Republic of the Congo: Nyamuragira volcano began erupting on the 6th and would continue for some time. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber killed at least seven near a mosque in the northern Baghlan province. South America: Columbia: One of its worst rainy seasons in decades generated a mudslide in Manizales killing at least 44 people and left at least 19 missing. About 250,000 people were affected by the heavy rains that triggered floods and landslides. North America: US: An unusual 5.6 magnitude earthquake (11/06 03:53:11) caused significant damage to the southern parts of Lincoln County, Oklahoma. It was unusal in that most quakes do not hit in mid-continent and this was the regions strongest on record, and it was followed by 16 aftershocks with magnitudes ranging from 3.0 to 5.0. Hawaii's Kilauea volcano poured more lava from the Pu'u O'o crater as new fissures opened early on the 7th. Mideast: Syria: Tank shelled the city of Homs, the number and extent of casualties was not known. Solar Activity: A magnetic filament twisted around the Sun's north pole on the 5th. Sunspot AR1339 was active with M-class solar flares, and unleashed at least five within 24 hours.

10th -- Full Moon (20h 16m) -- LOW

North America: US: Anchorage, Alaska was overwhelmed by a massive storm that battered the western coast with hurricane-strength winds and huge sea surges left behind widespread damage. Severe thunderstorms wrecked havoc from Illinois into Ohio, and even produced isolated funnel clouds and tornadoes, damaging winds and large hail. Tornadoes are very rare in November. Severe thunderstorms also swept across eastern Texas and Louisiana. Mideast: A 5.6 magnitude earthquake hit in the same region as last month's quake, killing 40 people. Solar Activity: A magnetic filament erupted near a sunspot complex (i.e., 1342-1343), and produced a M1-class solar flare and hurling a coronal mass ejection into space.

13th-14th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

Western Pacific Ocean: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck the Molucca Sea among the Indonesian Islands (11/14; 04:05:12). Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: Nyamuragira volcano's eruption increased in intensity, spewing lava fountains some 650 feet into the air. The eruption was touted as the largest eruption in over 100 years. Mideast: Syria: In the "bloodest" 24 hours in eight months of government forces attacking protesters at least 69 people were killed in the southern province of Deraa. In addition, the bodies of 19 people, suspected to be civilians kidnapped over November 13th and 14th, were delivered to a national hospital in Homs. There have now been more than 3,500 people killed since the unrest began eight months ago. Solar Activity: A huge wall of plasma towered over the Sun's southeastern horizon, as a coronal mass ejection swept past Mercury on the 13th and then hit Venus on the 14th.

18th -- Last Quarter (15h 09m) -- LOW

Mideast: Iraq: Unidentified men planted bombs around the house of Najah Abdullah in Saqlawiya killing five civilians. In a second incident, bombings near mosques killed four. Syria: Government forces kill eleven antigovernment protesters. New Zealand: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck off the east coast of the north island (11/18 07:51:27). Solar Activity: A dark filament of magnetism more than 800,000 kilometers (more than 497,000 miles) across streached diagonally over the face of the Sun.

21st-22nd -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

Pacific: A rare event for late November, Hurricane Kenneth formed south of Mexico. In fact, it sets a record for the latest season major hurricane in the eastern Pacific Ocean. North America: US: Heavy rains in the Los Angeles area caused widespread flooding and a coastal highway crumbled into the sea. Severe thunderstorms and flooding occurred across the southern Plains, heavy thunderstorms hit Shreveport, La., Little Rock, Ark., and Tyler, Texas, and a funnel cloud was sighted near Jackson, Mississippi. South America: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake rocked deep beneath Beni, Bolivia (11/22; 18:48:15). Africa: Egypt: Renewed protests overwhelmed Cairo, causing clashes to erupt around Tahrir Square, killing at least 21 and injuring at least 1,700. Democratic Republic of Congo: Nyamuragira volcano erupted again after nearly a year of quiet.

25th -- New Moon (6h 10m) -- LOW

Africa: Egypt: Tens of thousands of pro- and anti-government demonstrations took place in Tahrir Square, as the death toll rose to 41. Asia: Japan: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck near Hokkaido (11/24; 10:25:35).
Note: The partial solar eclipse will only be visible from a limited area in the Southern Hemisphere, centered near Antarctica, while its outermost edge will pass over portions of New Zealand’s South Island, Tasmania, and the southernmost part of South Africa.

28th-29th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

Mideast: Iraq: A suicide bomber drove his vehicle into a security checkpoint at a prison in the Taji district of Baghdad, killing at least 13 and injuring 28. Iran: A group of Iranian students stormed the British Embassy in Tehran destroying property and demonstrating against the West. Yemen: Government troops shell residential areas in Taiz, causing thoousands to flee. Pacific Ocean: Papua New Guinea (Oceania): The New Ireland region was rocked by a 6.4 magnitude earthquake (11/28; 12:26:49). Philippines: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake shook Luzon (11/30; 00:27:08). North Atlantic: Canary Islands: An undersea volcano near the island of El Hierro erupted again. South America: Chile: Puyehue Cordon-Caulle volcano spewed ash in a eruption five months after its last eruption. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection hit Earth's magnetic field late on the 28th and high-latitude electrical currents occurred on the 29th.




December


2nd -- First Quarter (9h 52m) -- LOW

North America: California: Hurricane-force Santa Ana winds ripped through the valleys with gusts as high as 157 miles an hour and caused extensive damages. Utah, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming: Similar winds swept throughout the state, also causing extensive damages. Mideast: Yemen: Government troops continued to shell residential areas in Taiz for a fourth straight day, killing at least three. Syria: Violent clashes swept the northwestern city of Idlib and across Syria, eventually killing at least 25 people. Solar Activity: A magnetic filament suddenly and rapidly erupted on the Sun early on the 3rd (10h 30m).

5th-6th -- Mid-Phase -- LOW

Mideast: Syria: A surge in violence in Homs killed at least 50 people. South America: Colombia: Galeras volcano began to be active again. Ecuador: Tungurahua volcano also began to be active. Asia Afghanistan: A suicide bombing killed at least 63 of Shite Muslims in three separate cities as they celebrated a major religious holiday. Japan: Sakurajima volcano had ten explosive eruptions attended by a number of lighted displays called unidentified flying objects by some, meteorites by others. North America: California: The destructive Santa Ana winds returned with gusts up to 60 to 70 mph. Indonesia: Ternate island: Mt. Gamalama spews ash and lava during heavy rains causing floods and leading thousands to flee. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR1363 nearly tripled in size, signaling threats of an X-ray flare, but the activity waned on the 6th.

10th -- Full Moon (14h 36m) -- MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: Renewed anti-government protests across many cities left at least 24 dead. A major pipeline that carries oil to a refinery in Homs Province was blown up. Russia: At least 50,000 people gathered near the Kremlin to protest ballot-rigging in the parliamentary elections and demand a new election. Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: Four people were killed in unrest related to the presidential election. North America: Mexico: Guerrero is shaken by a 6.7 magnitude earthquake (12/11; 01:47:26).
Note: A total lunar eclipse will take place on December 10, and will be visible from Alaska, Northwestern states, northern Canada, Australia, New Zealand, central Asia and eastern Asia.

13th-14th -- Mid-Phase -- HIGH

Europe: Belgium: A man equipped with a gun and grenades attacked the center of the city of Liege, killing at least five people and wounding 123. Near East: Jerusalem: About 50 right-wing Israeli extremists infiltrated and attacked the Ephraim Regional Division Headquarters, an Israel Defense Forces military base in the West Bank. Indonesia: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake shook Minahasa, Sulawesi (12/13; 07:52:11). Europe: Ireland: A record-high wave measured at 67 feet (20.4 meters) off the Irish coast occurred near the height of a severe North Atlantic storm. Mideast: Syria: Suspected army defectors shot at a military convoy, killing 8 soldiers hours after soldiers fired on a car in the village of Khattab, killing 5 civilians. Oceania: Papua New Guinea was rattled by a 7.1 magnitude earthquake (12/14; 05:04:57).

18th -- Last Quarter (0h 48m) -- MAXIMUM

Southeast Asia: Philipines: Flash floods devastated a southern region due to about 12 hours of serious downpours plummeted by Tropical Storm Washi, killing more than 1,000 people while they slept, and destroying buildings and vehicles. At least 800 people are missing and feared dead. Mideast: Egypt: A new round of bloody clashes between pro-democracy protesters and the military left at least 10 people dead and 432 injuried. Syria: At least 41 people were killed by government military forces trying to quell anti-regime people. The following two days the fighting continued killing an additional 78 people or more. North America: US: Santa Ana winds returned knocking down signs and trees damaging homes and destroying cars, as powerlines were also knocked down some of which set houses ablaze. Russia: An oil drilling rig was being towed to the port city of Kholmsk when a storm brought strong winds and high waves sinking the rig, 4 were found dead and 49 are missing and feared dead. Asia: Kazakhstan: Riots break out after a seven-month-long strike as police fired on rioters in two towns in western part of the country, killing 15 and wounding 110 others, while 46 buildings were burned down.

21st-22nd -- Mid-Phase (Solstice is 22nd) -- MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: Troops attacked the civilian neighborhoods, killing at least 250 people. Iraq: A wave of twenty explosions across Baghdad killed at least 65 and wounded at least 196 people. South Pacific: New Zealand: Churchchrist is again struck with earthquakes, two 5.9 magnitude quakes. North America: US: A rare tornado swept through parts of Georgia, as Louisiana was battered by heavy thuderstorms that wrecked damage. The Santa Ana winds again swept through parts of California with speeds up to 72 mph (116 kph). Colorado was blanketed by a heavy snowstorm dumping up to three feet (1 m) of snow in places. South Pacific: Tropical storm Grant became a Category 1 storm threatening Indonesia and East Timor.

24th -- New Moon (18h 06m) -- MAXIMUM

Mideast: Yemen: Government forces in the capital, San'a, assaulted thousands of marchers with gunfire, water cannons, and tear gas, killing at least 10 people, and injurying scores of others, as 100,000 marched against the government. Asia: Pakistan: A Taliban suicide car-bomb attack killed six soldiers and wounded 18. Africa: Nigeria: Dozens of people were killed during clashes between Islamist militants and government forces in Lagos. North America: US: A rare snow blanketed El Paso and west Texas, creating havoc on roadways. Australia: A broad area of low pressure near northern Australia and Darwin became tropical storm Fina, and was expected to hit the continent near Queensland and New Caledonia later in the week. Solar Activity: A filament of magnetism connected to sunspot AR1386 erupted sending off a C5-class coronal mass ejection into space.

27th-28th -- Mid-Phase -- HIGH

Russia: Southwestern Siberia was rocked by a 6.6 magnitude earthquake (12/27; 15:21:56). It was followed by five aftershocks ranging in magnitude from 4.6 to 4.8. South Pacific: Tropical storm Grant became a Category 2 storm threatening Indonesia, East Timor and Queensland, Austrailia. Solar Activity: Two coronal mass ejections exploded towards Earth and Mars.



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