Updates: Updates will be done on a regular basis on the current Lunar-Phase and Mid-Phase dates. However, there will be times, due to other pressing issues, when the update may take longer.

Overview: This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click here. Note: All times shown are 24-hour Universal Time and actual local times will usually differ, and local dates may also differ. For earthquakes they are shown as (date; hour:minute); example (01-01; 08:03), which is January 1 at 8:03 UT.

Last Update: January 1, 2013



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1st -- First Quarter (6h 15m) MODERATE

Japan: The Izu Islands where rocked by a 6.8 magnitude earthquake (01/01; 05:27:55). Africa: Sudan: At least 50,000 people fled from violence in Jonglei; an unknown number were killed and wounded. Red Sea: An undersea eruption is forming a new island between the African and Arabian tectonic plates. Russia: Kizimen volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula erupted. South Asia: New Delhi, Indian: Cyclone Thane brought strong winds and heavy rain to India's southeastern coast, killing at least 19 people, and destroying crops and houses. North America: US: Blinding snow caused mulitiple-vehicle crashes with a 20-vehilce crash near Falls Creek and a second involving more than two dozen in Clinton County, Pennsylvania, and a 30-vehilce pile-up in Cincinnati, Ohio. Solar Activity: A wave of ionization penetrated the upper atmosphere over Europe as sunspot AR1389 unleashed another M2-class, X-ray solar flare (12/31; ~13:20).

4th-5th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

North America: US: Extreme cold affected the entire East Coast with freezing temperatures as far south as southern Florida, causing crop losses. Mexico: At least 31 inmates were killed and 13 were injured when a riot broke out in a northern Mexican prison. Africa: Libya: Two Misrata and Tripoli militias engaged in combat for nearly two hours in Tripoli, killing at least four. Europe: British Isles: A violent storm struck unleashing winds of 100 mph or more, toppling trees, overturning trucks and damaging buildings, as well as killing at least two (1/3-1/4). Italy: Mount Etna erupted spewing a column of hot ash high into the sky. South America: Brazil: Heavy rains collapsed a river dike, causing the evacuation of 4,000 people in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Heavy rains also spread across southern and central Brazil wrecking havoc in the state of Minas Gerais, killing 8 and causing the evacuation of 10,000 -- a state of emergency was issued for 71 towns. Southeast Asia: Philippines: Heavy rains and waterlogged soils unleashed a landslide that killed at least 25 people and left more than 100 missing. Mideast: Iraq: Bomb attacks targeting Shia Muslims left at least 72 people dead in southern Iraq and Baghdad. Solar Activity: The Sun's northern hemisphere erupted with a coronal mass ejection directed at Earth on the 5th.
Mideast: Syria: A suicide bomb targeted the Syrian army in Damascus, killing 24 people and injuring dozens (1/6).

9th -- Full Moon (7h 30m) MODERATE

North America: US: Torrential downpours and severe weather drenched the Houston area, while a tornado in Texas City, Texas. Wharton, Texas reported ping-pong ball-sized hail. Severe thunderstorms also moved through Louisiana causing flash flooding, tornadoes, damaging wind gusts and hail. Alaska's Cleveland volcano bellowed and spewed a cloud of ash. South Pacific: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake shook the Santa Cruz Islands (01/09; 04:07:17). Mideast: Syria: Government forces conducting raids and regime snipers killed at least 10 civilians, while clashes in the south between troops and defectors leave at least 11 soldiers dead. Southwest Indian Ocean: Moderate tropical storm Chanda heads for Madagascar.

12th-13th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Africa: Kenya: An al Qaeda-linked militant group, called Al-Shabaab, raided a police camp, killing seven and taking others prisoner. Mideast: Iraq: At least 20 people were wounded, some critically, when two car bombs exploded in Kirkuk. Yemen: Government forces open fired with bullets and tear gas on protesters in the city of Aden, killing at least four. North America: US: Parts of the Northeast were blanketed with near blizzard snowfall and high winds, as heavy lake-effect snow covered the region around the Great Lakes. Solar Activity: An eruption took place on the farside of the Sun producing a C3-class X-ray flare.

16th -- Last Quarter (9h 8m) MODERATE

Asia: Pakistan: A bomb killed at least 14 people and injuried at least 20 in the town of Khan Pur. Indonesia: Volcanic mudflows rumbled down the slopes of Gamalama volcano causing thousands of people flee their homes after. Mideast: Syria: Government forces killed at least 13 and wounded at least 20 in Zabadani. Antarctica: The South Shetland Islands were rattled by 6.6 (01/15; 13:40:18) and 6.2 (01/15; 14:21:32) magnitude earthquakes. Solar Activity: Sunspot complex 1401-1402 erupted producing a C6-class solar flare and a coronal mass ejection.

19th-20th -- Mid-Phase LOW

North America: US: An extremely rare tornado touched down in Louisville, Kentucky. The coast of Oregon was whipped with winds as high as 110 mph (177 kph) (1/18-1/19). Seattle, Washington and surrounding areas were covered by heavy snowfall afterwhich came freezing rain downing powerlines and creating havoc. Reno, Nevada is swept with strong winds up to 70 mph (113 kph) that fanned a wildfire that lead to the evacuation of 10,000 residents. Asia: Afganistan: Suicide bomber killed seven and injuried at least 11 near the Kabul airport. Heavy snow and snow slides killed at least 28 people and injuried at least 45, as well as killed about 600 cattle in the mountainous northeast. Africa: South Africa: The remnants of Tropical Depression Dando broke up inland flooding the famous and vast Kruger National Park, and dumping nearly 15 inches at Hoedspruit, and about 11 inches at Skukuza. Nigeria: A series of at least six explosions, targeting different locations across the city of Kano killed at least seven, and at least 200 people have been killed in violence between Christians and Muslims in the city of Jos. Mideast: Syria: Reports indicated that government troops shelled Zabadani, a town near the border with Lebanon. Solar Activity: Active sunspot 1401 erupted producing an M3-class solar flare and a coronal mass ejection that headed toward Earth, producing a geomagnetic storm.

23rd -- New Moon (7h 39m) LOW

North America: US: A supercell thunderstorm produced tornadoes along its path across portions of Alabama, where the EF3-tornado had winds up to 140 mph (225 kph) that destroyed buildings, campers and more. A total of 12 tornadoes were noted in surrounding states, as well as, 26 severe thunderstorms. South America: Chile: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit Bio-Bio (01/23; 16:04:54). South Pacific: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit south of the Fiji Islands (01/24; 00:52:06). Ecuador: Reventador volcano ejected thick clouds of gas and steam as its lava dome grew. Africa: Mozambique: Drenched by two tropical storms, including Tropical Cyclone Funso with winds of 132 mph (213 kph), the nation was affected with severe flooding and damage. The slow-moving cyclone is forecast to strengthen in the following days causing further damage and flooding, also affecting Madagascar. Mideast: Iraq: Five attacks took place in mostly Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad, killing at least nine and injuring at least 72. Solar Activity: Large sunspot 1402 erupted, producing a long-duration M9-class solar flare, making it nearly an X-flare, the most powerful kind of solar flare. It is the largest solar storm since 2005, and it triggered auroras as far south as Scotland and northern England, while disrupting GPS and other communications.

26th-27th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Mideast: Iraq: New bomb attacks in a city near Baghdad and the city of Kirkuk killed at least 37 and wounded at least 21. Syria: Government forces killed at least 60 and wounded dozens more in and around Damascus. Bahrain: Four people were killed during anti-government demonstrations. South America: Brazil: The collapse of a 20-story building and adjacent 10- and 4-story buildings in Rio de Janeiro killed at least 13; it is not known what caused the collapse. Solar Activity: Sunspot 1402 was again active on the 26th with a sequence of C-class magnetic eruptions that set off a bright coronal mass ejection over the Sun's north pole. On the 27th sunspot 1402 unleashed an X2-class solar flare and a coronal mass ejection that lead to a radiation storm near Earth.

30th-31st -- First Quarter (4h 10m) LOW

Africa: Nigeria: Islamist extremist group Boko Haram spreads violence across northern Nigeria. South America: Peru: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake (01/30; 05:11:01) shook the coastal region about 9 miles (15 km) southeast of Ica, injuring at least 119, and destroying or damaging homes. Mideast: Syria: Heavy fighting continued between Syrian forces and the rebel Free Syria Army in Damascus, killing at least five. More people were killed in other parts of Syria, including 22 in Homs, six in Daraa and one in Idlib, while there were also reports of violence in Rastan, Daraa, and other towns and cities across the country. Yemen: Air strikes hit militant targets in the south, killing nine. Europe: Severe cold gripped eastern and central Europe claiming at least 58 lives; the cold began in the 26th-27th Mid-Phase.


3rd-4th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Asia: Phillipines: An airstrike on the island province of Sulu left 15 militants dead, including a terrorist on the US most wanted list. Europe: Countries from Italy to Ukraine continued to struggle with bitter cold and record-low temperatures with the death toll at about 150. Record snowfalls, and frozen lakes and rivers made this the worst freeze in decades. A rare snowfall even took place in Rome. US: A rare and historic storm system produced severe weather, heavy rain, and blizzard conditions over the Rockies and Plains states. Denver, Colorado had more than 15 inches of snow and winds up to 60 mph (97 kph). Alaskan scientists warn that the volcano, known as Mount Cleveland, showed signs that it could erupt. South Pacific: Vanuatu: A 6.0 and a 6.1 magnitude earthquakes rattled the island nation (02/03; 03:46:23 -- 02/05; 00:15:41). Mideast: Egypt: Protesters gathered outside the Interior Ministry in Cairo, protesting the failure of the police to prevent a soccer riot two days earlier that killed 74. Police set off teargas and fired birdshot, as the protest left one person dead in Cairo and two in Suez. Syria: Government troops unleashed mortars and artillery on the already battered city of Homs, killing more than 200. Australia: Heavy rains brought extensive flooding in the east in Moree, Queensland and New South Wales stranding thousands, while more flooding was expected. Africa: A rare snowfall took place in Algiers, the capital city of Algeria, as a cold air associated with a storm system moved into the region from the north allowing for significant accumulations of snow. Solar Activity: NOAA forecasters indicated a slight chance of geomagnetic activity around the Arctic Circle due to an incoming solar wind stream.

7th -- Full Moon (21h 54m) LOW

Australia: More than 2,000 residents fled the town of St. George as floodwaters submerged the town under more than 45 feet (about 14 m) of water. The town, part of Queensland, is protected by a levee that is only 47.5 feet (14.5 m) high, heightening concerns as more rain threatens to breach the levee. Flooding also took place in Roma, Mitchell and Charleville -- three towns near St. George -- danger of being hampered by more bad weather looms. Indian Ocean: Maldives: The president of the Maldives resigned after a revolt by police officers, leaving the normally peaceful islands in chaos. Mideast: Syria: Bombing of Homs continued with hundreds of people, regardless of age or gender, were reportedly killed. Six European and six Persian Gulf countries recalled their ambassadors from Syria, as the US closed its embassy, all in protest of the bloodshed. Asia: Phillipines: A 6.7 (02/06; 03:49:17) and a 6.0 (02/06; 10:10:24) magnitude earthquakes shook the Visayas region, killing at least 48, while 92 people were missing. At least 11 aftershocks ranged from 4.8 to 5.8 magnitude, spreading out over the following three days. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR1410 grew in size and magnetic complexity while emitting solar flares, NOAA forecasters estimated a 30% chance of more M-flares over the next 24 hours.

10th-11th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Asia: Jakarta, Indonesia: The volcano at Mt. Lokon, in North Sulawesi, spewed clouds of ash as high as 1.25 miles (2 km), prompted a warning for resident to stay away and a 1.5 miles (2 km) exclusion zone. Europe: Twenty-two countries remained gripped by frigid temperatures and heavy snow with more than 100 perishing in the Ukraine alone and hundreds of deaths elsewhere. Parts of the Danube River were nearly frozen over, while more than 120 ships were trapped in the Kerch Strait, linking the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea, because of ice. Greece: More than 13,000 gathered in central Athens the Parliament building where protesters smashed pavements and began throwing stones, pieces of marble, and Molotov cocktails at the police, who responded with stun grenades and teargas. Mideast: Syria: Two explosions struck security compounds in Aleppo, killing 28 people and injuring 235. Shelling and gunfire throughout Baba Amr left at least four dead. Intense bombardment of many parts of Homs by government forces since February 4th has left more than 400 dead. Seven other cities in Syria were also attacked by government forces. Solar Activity: A bright coronal mass ejection (CME) was hurled away from the Sun heading for Venus. At the site of the CME there emerged a new sunspot and the existing sunspot AR1416 grew rapidly to four times its size.

14th -- Last Quarter (17h 04m) LOW

Mideast: Iran: A car bomb explosion in Mosul killed three and injuried 19, and gun violence killed one and injuried 9 in Baghdad. Bahrain: Police forced fan out in unprecedented numbers throughout the capital city of Manama, firing tear gas and making arrests as hundreds who tried to reach the Pearl Roundabout on the anniversary of pro-democracy protests. Syria: Government forces renewed their assault on Homs with the heavy shelling. Asia: Japan: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck near the east coast of Honshu (02/14; 06:21:58). Oceania: Solomon Islands: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck the central area of the islands (02/14; 08:19:58). North America: US: Mount Cleveland volcano in Alaska lava dome grew by 25% since last week, indicating the possibly that an eruption would occur in the near future. Asia: Russia: Kizimen volcano on Kamchatka Peninsula spewed hot lava from a crater on the summit, accompanied by rock avalanches and ash spews. Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: Nyamuragira volcano spewed lava 600 feet (200 m) into the sky. The volcano's twin, Nyiragongo in Virunga National Park near the city of Gomais also displayed a threat of an eruption. Madagascar: Tropical Cyclone Giovanna hit the island in the South Indian Ocean where it caused flooding, downed powerlines and trees, and killed four. Maximum sustained winds were 143 mph (230 kmph), equivalent to a category 4 hurricane.

17th-18th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Mideast: Syria: Government forces shelled and bombed the city of Hama, and also hit a gas pipeline in Hamas. A humanitarian crisis spread in regions that have been the target of government attacks, where now food and water are in short supply, and aid is unable to reach them. In Damascus a funeral with thousands of mourners turns into a demonstration and government forces fire on the crowd killing at least two on the 18th. Throughout Syria on the 18th government forces kill at least seventeen. Asia: Pakistan: An explosion in a market in a volatile tribal region bordering Afghanistan left 19 dead and 42 wounded. Africa: Sengal: Police clashed with demostrators who are sprayed with rubber bullets and tear gas. Solar Activity: The Interplanetary Magnetic Field (issuing off the Sun) near Earth dipped south, creating an opening Earth's magnetic defenses and allowed the solar wind to produce spectacular auroras.

21st -- New Moon (22h 35m) MODERATE

Mideast: Iraq: Two incidents of car bombs left nearly two dozen dead. Syria: Government forces shelled parts of Homs, again, including Baba Amr, killing at least 30, and another 33 are killed in the Jabal al-Zawiya region. Africa: Bitter cold and heavy snow hit northern Africa with the eastern Atlas Mountain region of northeastern Algeria into northwestern Tunisia hardest hit with snow piling up by the foot. Deep snow isolated villages forcing airdrops of supplies. This is a rare phenomenon, and seems to be the result of the bitter Arctic blast that was affecting Europe stretching further south into Africa. Senegal: Police and protesters again clashed as elections draw near, injuring at least three. Niger: Drought has led to crop failures threatening ten million with famine in the Sahel region. Southeast Asia: Java: Semeru volcano was beginning to show signs of a possible eruption, as increased earthquake activity, hot rock avalanches and plumes of ash occurred. North America: US: Alaska's Cleveland volcano was again showing activity. South America: Bolivia: Torrential rains caused the collapse of homes and mudslides, and severed roads, leaving 9,000 families homeless, and leading to a government-declared state of emergency. In addition, roads washed away, large areas of farmland were flooded, and whole towns were destroyed. Solar Activity: The Moon passed in front of the Sun, producing a partial solar eclipse that could only be seen from space.

24th-25th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: Homs, including Baba Amr, was again shelled both days by government forces, leaving more than 110 dead and the city was brought further into rubble. Yemen: A car bomb ripped through Sanaa, killing at least 25. Iraq: A car bomb claimed by the Islamic State of Iraq (including an Iraqi al Qaeda) rocked Baghdad killing dozens and injuring hundreds. Beginning on the 23rd at least 55 people were killed and hundreds injured in a wave of bombings and shootings across Iraq. Asia Afghanistan: Qurans were mistakenly burned during the New Moon (the 21st) that lead to domonstrations, leaving 4 dead and more than 50 wounded. India: Two avalanches swept through military camps in Kashmir, killing at least 11 and leaving eight missing. Africa: Nigeria: A gun and bomb attack on a prison and police station in the city of Gombe killed at least 4, and gunmen killed five people at a mosque in Kano. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection was headed toward Earth and hit the geomagnetic field on the 26th, causing widespread auroral activity.


February 29th-1st -- First Quarter (1h 21m) HIGH

Mideast: Syria: Homs, including Baba Amr, was again hit by government forces, this time using helicopter gunships, killing at least 29. Another 64 and 68 were killed fleeing the besieged Homs. Iraq: a car bomb in Baghdad killed three and injuried at least nine. North America: US: A devastating storm system in the Midwest, including at least 36 tornadoes, brought devastation to parts of Illinois, Missouri, Tennesse, Kentucky, Indiana and Kansas, killing at least 13 and injuring more than 100. Cars were thrown into lakes, building were leveled and powerlines were toppled, leaving behind massive destruction. One tornado in Illinois was designated an EF-4 with winds in excess of 170 mph (274 kmph). Damaging wind gusts, large hail, tornadoes and flash flooding spread as the storms entered the Appalachians and stretched from the Tennessee Valley to the Ohio Valley. Major storms and more tornadoes continued into March 2nd when an additional 50 tornadoes touched down in another six states, killing 26, destroying buildings and also flattened entire towns. Asia: Pakistan: In Islamabad an unusual attack in a relatively peaceful region by gunmen who ambushed four passenger buses, seperated the Shiite males and then lined them up killing 18. China: A deadly clash between Han Chinese and ethnic Uighurs in the far northwest lead to the killing of at least 12 as the riot spread. Africa: Somalia: Islamist militants, al-Shabab fighters, used heavy weaponry in the attack on Garbaharey, killing two officers and injuring several others. Solar Activity: On Feb. 29th, a farside sunspot erupted a number of times, sending off three coronal mass ejections over the Sun's western limb. Also, a solar-wind stream flowed from a minor coronal hole and reached Earth on March 4-5. On March 1st a magnetic disturbance rippled through the Earth's magnetic field.

4th-5th -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Mideast: Iraq: Gunmen disguised as official government forces opened fire on police at numerous checkpoints in Haditha, Iraq, killing 27. Yemen: Fierce clashes following suicide bombings and checkpoint attacks, leaving dozens dead as the government forces fought back in a province mostly controlled by terrorist groups; at least 60 soliders were killed. Syria: The regime stepped up raids and arrests nearly everywhere, detaining hundreds of civilians and more than 125 were killed in hostilities across the country. Also, numerous attacks on government forces spread in what was called a Jihad against the regime. Government forces were arresting, torturing and killing in nearly every city. Eurasia: Russia: Putin won the presidental election but observers indicated that the poll had been skewed in his favor and protests followed where 300 people were arrested in central St Petersburg and another 250 were arrested in Moscow. Europe: Italy: Mount Etna exploded in its third eruption of 2012. Poland: Two trains crashed killing 16 and injuring at least 60; a Polish rail traffic controller was to be prosecuted for the event. Africa: Republic of Congo: A series of explosions at an ammunition depot in Brazzaville killed about 200 people and injuried at least 2,000. Egypt: The main pipeline sending gas from Egypt to Jordan and Israel was attacked, causing two large explosions; it had only recently been repaired from an earlier attack. South America: Argentina: Santiago Del Estero was rattled by a 6.1 magnitude earthquake (03/05; 07:46:10). South Pacific: Soloman Islands: Tinakula volcano erupted with plumes of ash and gas. Australia: Heavy rains brought floods across New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria, with Wagga Wagga hit the hardest and causing 9,000 people to evacuate as fears mounted that a levee would be breached; at least two were killed. Solar Activity: Solar activity was high, as sunspot AR1429 was crackling with strong flares, the strongest of which was an X1-class eruption on March 5th. It also sent off a coronal mass ejection (CME) into space that hit Mercury and Venus. An earlier M2-class eruption from the same sunspot took place on March 4th, producing another, wider CME that hit Earth on March 6th-7th. Another major CME issued off of the same sunspot producing a class X-5 flare, the strongest of this solar cycle, and will reach Earth on the 8th. On the 7th, the Sun let loose a massive X5.4 solar flare during its biggest outburst in five years.

8th -- Full Moon (9h 39m) HIGH

Mideast: Syria: Shelling and explosions rocked several cities as the regime continued its assault against opposition strongholds, killing at least 62. Indian Ocean: Madagascar: Tropical Storm Irina struck leaving at least 73 dead, more than 21,000 people homeless, and nearly 68,000 people were affected. South America: Colombia: Nine miners were trapped in a flooded coal mine in the northwest and are presumed dead. Australia: Heavy rains continued across flood-ravaged further cutting off towns. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection shook Earth's magnetic field, as giant sunspot AR1429 continues to grow. There will be some geophysical or weather-related effects in 3-4 days (see the next entry).

11th-12th -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Mideast: Syria: At least 108 people were killed in Homs from repeated attacks by government forces. Yemen: Airstrikes carried out by the US targeted militant hideouts and arms caches, killing at least 64 suspected al Qaeda insurgents. Iraq: Gunmen stormed a mayor's office in north, killing 5 security guards, and in a seperate incident, 6 people are killed after gunmen robbed two jewelry stores. Israel and Palestine: Palestinian and Israeli authorities agreed to a truce after airstrikes killed at least 25 and wounded at least 80 in Gaza. Asia: Afghanistan: Afghans railed at American forces after a US Army sergeant killed 16 unarmed civilians. Heavy snow engulfed the villages of Poshan and Ghadoor leading to an avalanche that buried these two remote villages, leaving 45 people missing and believed dead. Africa: Kenya: Six people were killed and 68 were wounded after an attack on a bus in Nairobi. Sudan: An estimated 100 people were killed in a series of ethnic clashes and cattle raids. North America: US and Canada: The Pacific Northwest was battered with hurricane force winds, as heavy snow and rain hit inland. Louisiana was plummeted by strong thunderstorms that lead to extensive flooding. South America: Ecuador: Tungurahua volcano became active with pyroclastic flows of rock that came down the volcano's slopes, towering plumes of ash reached two miles (4 km) into the sky, and loud explosions rocked houses. Solar Activity: A moderate G2-class geomagnetic storm, was caused by the arrival of the CME of March 8th. Sunspot AR1429 erupted again producing a powerful M8-class flare on the 10th.

Note: Some events from mid-March to mid-April will occur off the lunar phase aspects of the calendar, and this period tends to be the most active time of the year.
This situation is the result of a dominance of the solar-terrestrial linkage due to Earth's orbit bringing it closer to the Sun.
These events will be noted in the calendar on the nearest lunar phase date, and the date of the event will be shown.

15th -- Last Quarter (1h 25m) MAXIMUM

Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Israeli aircraft rockets get direct hits on two "terror activity sites" in northern Gaza after a Palestinian militant group fired rockets into Israel. Syria: Turkey said more than 1,000 Syrian refugees crossed into Turkey in a single day. Asia: Bangladesh: At least 112 were killed after a packed ferry capsized; it is unknown how many are still missing. China: Several hundred Tibetans protested against Chinese rule in the western province of Qinghai after a monk there set himself on-fire. Japan: Honshu -- the area of last year's tsunami and quake -- was struck with a 6.9 magnitude earthquake (03/14; 09:08:38) and a 6.1 magnitude earthquake (03/14; 10:49:25), followed by ten aftershocks ranging from 5.7 to 4.6 in magnitude. Africa: Ethiopia: Ethiopian forces launched a military assault on positions inside Eritrea; an unknnown number were killed and wounded. South America: Peru: Miners in Lima protested and clashed with police killing three and wounding more than 30 others. South Pacific: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the New Britain Regiion of Papua New Guinea (03/14; 21:13:11). North America: US: The Midwest was hit by strong thunderstorms bringing large hail, damaging winds and flash floods. Michigan tornadoes damaged power lines and buildings in Dexter, Ida and Columbiaville, and hurricane-force winds battered areas near Davison. Baseball-sized hail (2.75 inches) fell on Carrollton, Illinois. Severe thunderstorms stretched from the northern parts of the deep south northward to western New York and southern Ontario. Russia: An erupting volcano in Kamchatka sent off an ash plume about 12.5 miles (20 km) into the air. Solar Activity: An earlier coronal mass ejection hit Earth's magnetic field sparking a moderate geomagnetic storm.

18th-19th -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: A car bombing killed 3, wounded at least 30 and destroyed bulidings and cars in Aleppo. At least 20 are killed in clashes throughout the country. The following day, four blasts and a heavy firefight erupted in Damascus, in one of the fiercest clashes in the Syrian capital, 34 people were killed and 18 soldiers were wounded. Iraq: A series of coorninated bombings hit various cities, including Kerbala and Kirkuk, killing 45 and wounding 213 on the 20th. Australia: Tropical cyclone Lua battered communities along Western Australia's northwest coast with torrential rain and damaging winds, causing extensive damage, beginning on the 17th. South America: Colombia: Ten soldiers and an officer were killed in an attack by rebels from the Revolutionary Armed Forces. Peru and Bolivia: Water levels on Lake Titicaca, situated between Bolivia and Peru, have risen to their highest in decades, destroying large tracks of farmland. Europe: France: A gunman killed four at a Jewish school in Toulouse; the gun and a scooter were also linked to the killings of three soldiers of North African descent earlier in the week. Norway: An avalanche on Mt Sorbmegaisa killed five and wounded one. North America: Mexico: Gunmen killed 12 policemen investigating the beheadings of 10 other people, both of which were linked to rival drug cartels. US: Nasty storms erupted across portions of the Plains stretching from Texas and Florida to Missouri, and brought large hail, damaging winds, flooding and tornadoes. Tornadoes touched down in Devine, Texas and North Platte, Nebraska causing extensive damage, destroying homes and knocking down powerlines. Tulsa, Oklahoma had a storm with thunder so loud that it registered on seismographs. Mexico: Oaxaca was rattled by a 7.4 magnitude earthquake (03/20; 18:02:49), followed by seven aftershocks ranging from 4.9 to 5.1 in magnitude. Africa: At least six were killed in Somalia after al-Shabab (an Islamic group) sent mortars that struck a refugee camp near the presidential palace in Mogadishu. Indonesia: Bali: Anti-terror police killed 5 men suspected of planning robberies to fund terror attacks on the island. Papua: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake rattled the region (03/20; 17:56:19). Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection exploded from the Sun's northwestern limb.

Note: The Equinox is the 20th.

22nd -- New Moon (14h 37m) MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: Shelling in the besieged city of Hama continued, as well as attacks in another six cities, left at least 83 dead. In Sermin at least 10 civilians on a bus were killed when trying to flee to Turkey as a refugee. Yemen: Navy ships shelled coastal regions, killing at least 29 al-Qaida militants around the city of Zinjiba. Africa: Mali: Renegade soldiers seized power in a coup and then looted the presidential palace in the capital, Bamako. Europe: Turkey: Turkish forces launched a large-scale operation against the Kurdish Workers' Party near Mount Cudi, resulting in the deaths of seven Kurdish rebels and six Turkish police officers. Asia: Afghanistan: An avalanche in north-eastern Badakhshan province left at least 22 dead and destroying buildings. Kashmir: A blast south of Srinaga resulting from a suicide bomber left at least one dead and 25 others critically wounded. North America: US: A powerful, nearly stationary storm system brought heavy rains and flash flooding from Mississippi and Alabama northward to portions of the Tennessee and Ohio River valleys. South Pacific: Papua New Guinea: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake rocked the island nation (03/21; 22:15:06). South America: Colombia: Colombian troops killed 39 rebels, most of them in a bombardment of a guerrilla camp, on the 21st.

25th-26th -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

Asia: Afghanistan: A roadside bomb exploded killing 8 who were there to defuse it. A gunman killed two and injured a third British solider when he opened fire at the British military Headquarters in Lashkar Gah in Helmand province. Japan: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake rocked Honshu, the region of last year's earthquake and tsunami (03/27; 11:00:44). Mideast: Syria: Government forces attacked strong opposition areas, carrying out raids and clashing with the opposition. Africa: Sudan and South Sudan: Clashes between the armed forces of Sudan and South Sudan took place in several disputed border regions. Mali: Thousands of refugees left war-torn Mali following a military coup; many of the well-armed rebels returned to Mali from Libya, where they were mercenaries to Colonel Gadaffi. Somalia: Ethiopian forces and Somali pro-government troops captured a major base from al-Shabab militants, an al-Qaeda-linked group. Libya: Fighting began between militias around the town of Sabha, eventually killing at least 70 and injuring more than 150 by the time fighting stopped on the 28th. South America: Colombia: Armed forces killed at least 35 Farc rebels in an attack on a jungle guerrilla-base in the central Meta region; an undisclosed number were also captured. Chile: A 7.1 magnitude earthquake shook Maule and Curico (03/25; 22:37:07) many residents ran out into the streets fearing a repeat of previous quakes that killed thousands. Ecuador: Tungurahua volcano spewed a cloumn of ash about 1.25 miles (2 km) in height that headed towards the northeast, and the expulsion of incandescent blocks. North Pacific: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake took place on the Northern Pacific Rise (03/26; 18:12:54); a mid-oceanic ridge. North America: US: The Northern Plains were hit by strong storms that produced large hail, and damaging wind gusts in excess of 60 mph (96 kph). After weeks of record high temperatures the Northeast plunged into a cold snap with temperatures in the 10s and 20s. A wildfire in Colorado destroyed homes, caused thousands to flee and killed two. Europe: Italy: Once again Sicily's Mount Etna spewed streams of fiery lava and thick ash plumes. Solar Activity: The huge sunspot AR1429, which was the source of many strong flares and geomagnetic storms earlier this month, was still erupting, producing a coronal mass ejection (CME) on the 24th. The CME was directed away from Earth. A solar wind stream flowing from coronal holes could reach Earth at the end of March.

30th -- First Quarter (19h 41m) MAXIMUM

Africa: Mali: Tuareg rebels captured the town of Kidal amid international condemnation. Somalia: Islamist fighters launched repeated attacks on Mogadishu from bases in Deynile to the west. Asia: Afghanistan: An Afghan police officer shot and killed nine other officers in the southeast in Paktika province; The Taliban claim responsibility for the attack. Pakistan: gunmen fired on a vehicle traveling from Hazara Town on the outskirts of the capital, Quetta, in Balochistan province, killing seven (29th). Mideast: Jerusalem: Israeli forces and Palestinian demonstrators clashed in Gaza and the West Bank during protests to mark Land Day, killing one and injuring at least 37. Europe: Spain: A crowd in Barcelona demonstrated against the economic crisis, destroying and damaging property and setting fires; police dispersed the crowd with rubber bullets on the 29th. Central America: Honduras: A rival-gangs' riot erupted at the San Pedro Sula prison that was accompanied by a fire killing 13 on the 29th. North America: Ohio Valley: A series of strong storms produced winds in excess of 60 mph (96.5 kph), ping pong ball-sized hail, heavy rain and isolated tornadoes.


2nd-3rd -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

North America: Mexico: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck the south about 17 miles from Ometepec, Guerrero (04/02; 17:36:43). US: A gunman killed seven and injured three at a California college (Oikos University). Large hail, damaging winds, heavy rain and lightning swept over the southern Plains and deep South. As many as 13 large, destructive tornadoes touched down in the Dallas and Fort Worth areas of Texas destroying houses, toppling power poles and tossing big-rig truck-tailers, weighing 15 tons, into the air for hundreds of feet. Golf-ball sized hail also spread damage with 110 airplanes alone taken out of commission for repairs. The tornaodes were clocked at 130 to 150 mph (210 to 240 kph), making them F-2 and F-3 category tornadoes. South Pacific: Fiji: Tropical Cyclone Daphne flooded Fiji's biggest island killing five, left thousands homeless and stranding thousands of tourists. Africa: Kenya: Two separate grenade attacks hit the coast, killing one and wounding at least 33 others (1st). Libya: Heavy fighting between local militias around the coastal city of Zuwara killed at least 17 people and wounded dozens more. Asia: Thailand: A series of deadly car bombings in two southern provinces, killed 13 and injuried more than 500 (1st). Afghanistan: Militants killed four Afghan policemen and two civilians inside a police checkpoint by poisoning their yogurt and then attacking. Japan: A powerful typhoon with strong winds in excess of 90 mph (150 kph) and heavy rain hit the country in what was said to be the biggest storm in decades; it would continue for another two days, killing four and injurying dozens. Mideast: Yemen: Islamic militants raided and seized a strategic checkpoint, killing at least 30 troops and injuring 11 others. Partly in response to this raid, air attacks in the mountains left at least 43 al-Qaeda militants dead. Syria: Clashes and shelling across the country killed at least 20 people. Europe: Sicily, Italy: Mount Etna erupted again, making this the fifth time this year that it has been active. South America: Brazil: Floods and landslides caused by heavy rain killed at least six people and forced thousands from their homes. Solar Activity: An erupting magnetic filament connected to sunspot AR1450, hurled a weak coronal mass ejection in the direction of Earth, and was expected to reach Earth on the 4th.

6th -- Full Moon (19h 19m) MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: At least 100 people were killed over two days as troops intensified operations in spite of a UN cease-fire agreement. A mass exodus of thousands of Syrians fled to Turkey to save their lives, emptying entire Syrian towns. Europe: Hungary: A family argument led a man to a sword attack that killed four and injuried three. Asia: Pakistan: An avalanche in Kasmir left 124 Pakistani soldiers and 11 civilians dead after 70 feet (21m) of snow engulfed a military camp near the Siachen Glacier. South America: Argentina: Severe storms hit the province of Buenos Aires, where winds more than 60 mph (100kph), killing at least 14 and leaving behind widespread destruction. South Pacific: Papua New Guinea: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit the island in the region of New Ireland (04/06; 16:15:56). Solar Activity: Three coronal mass ejections blasted away from the Sun in rapid succession were propelled by magnetic filaments erupting in various locations around the Sun's northern hemisphere.

9th-10th Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: Just one day before a deadline to pull government forces from cities across the country, the violence instead spread, even across two borders, into Turkey and Lebanon, and left at least 143 dead. The following day -- the day when troops were to be withdrawn -- troops pounded cities across the nation at least 101 people were killed; most of them in the besieged city of Homs. Yemen: Al Qaeda militants gained control of a military base and two checkpoints as they undertook raids in the south, and in the process left at least 30 people dead. The following day they again attacked checkpoint killing at least eight soldiers; three Al Qaeda militants were also killed. Asia: Afghanistan: The Taliban claimed it undertook two suicide attacks on government facilities, killing at least 18 and wounding 27. Pakistan: New fighting between the Pakistani army and militant groups in the northwest tribal region of Khyber forced thousands of men and women to flee their villages. Indonesia: Northern Sumatra: An 8.6 magnitude earthquake hit off the west coast (04/11; 08:38:37), followed by an 8.2 magnitude aftershock (04/11; 10:43:09), and an additional 22 aftershocks ranging from 4.6 to 5.5 magnitudes; the quake prompted a tsunami warning but no tsunami occurred. Africa: Somalia: A bomb blast in the central town of Baidoa killed 12 and badly injuried more than 30. Nigeria: A massive explosion in Kafanchan killed 25 people late on the 8th. A suicide car bombing killed at least 38 in Kaduna. North America: US: Strong winds ignited wildfires from New York to Florida. The southern plains were hit with tornadoes, and grapefruit-sized hail that smashed windows and windshields. The Texas panhandle was swallowed up by 4 feet (1.2 m) of hail that then lead to flooding on the 11th. Mexico: A 7.0 magnitude earthquake shook Michoacan (04/11; 22:55:17). Indian Ocean: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck the Northern Indian Ocean (04/11; 09:27:57), and was followed by 11 aftershocks ranging from 4.6 to 5.7 magnitudes. Solar Activity: Geomagnetic storms took place around the poles resulting from the coronal mass ejection that occurred late on the 5th. A huge coronal hole developed along the Sun's equator and the solar wind coming from that hole will likely hit Earth on the 12th-13th.

13th -- Last Quarter (10h 50m) MAXIMUM

North America: Mexico: Earthquakes of 6.2 (04/12; 07:06:01) and 6.9 (04/12; 07:15:49) magnitudes hit the Gulf of California, followed by four aftershocks ranging from 4.2 to 4.9 magnitudes. US: Powerful thunderstorms, hail, flash floods and tornadoes targeted Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri and portions of Illinois and Iowa. Tornadoes continued into the following day leaving five dead, and destroying homes and powerpoles. Africa: Sudan and South Sudan: The oil-rich border area continued to be disputed as South Sudan's forces took over the oil fields in the town of Heglig late on the 12th, as Sudan's forces launched a counter-attack on oil fields the next day. Guinea-Bissau: In a coup the military arrested the acting President and Prime Minister amid gunfire and explosions; the coup drewn widespread condemnation from the international community. Mali: The split nation was threatened with partition as a rebellion flared in the north and political uncertainty grips the capital, Bamako; there are fears that al Qaeda or drug lords will fill the vacuum. Meanwhile, Mali's new leader threatened a "total war" against separatist rebels in the north. Egypt: Tens of thousands protested in Cairo against the decision that Mubarak's former spy chief wants to run in the presidential elections; demonstrators said that if the election is rigged, then this is just the beginning. Mideast: Syria: Despite a UN sanctioned cease-fire government troops killed 13, and a roadside bomb in the city of Aleppo killed one army officer and wounded 24 people; there was no evidence of a significant withdrawal by Syrian tanks and troops. Europe: Sicily, Italy: Mount Etna, Europe's highest active volcano, began erupting again, making it the sixth time this year. Southern Oceans: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake (04/14;10:56:19) along the Drake Passage between the tip of South America and Antartica. South Pacific: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake hit the island nation of Vanuatu (04/14; 22:05:26). Solar Activity: A solar wind stream hit Earth's magnetic field on the 12th, triggering a geomagnetic storm that peaked during the early hours of the 13th. Sunspot AR1455 was growing rapidly and was almost directly facing Earth.

16th-17th -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

North America: US: Devasting tornadoes tore through the Midwest with more than 130 twisters hitting Oklahoma, Kansas, Iowa, and Nebraska with winds reaching 150 mph (240 kph), leaving widespread destruction and at least six dead; the storms continued from the last lunar phase. Mexico: The huge Popocatepetl volcano began spewing ash and steam, causing officials to raise the alert level closing schools and readying evacuation shelters. South America: Brazil: About 400 prisoners started an uprising at a jail in the northeastern, in Aracaju, and took more than 100 people hostage in protest that conditions were not good. Chile: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck the coast near the port city of Valparaiso (04/17; 03:50:17). Asia: Afganistan: Taliban militants staged a wave of co-ordinated gun and rocket attacks across the country, leaving 11 Afghan service members, 4 civilians and 36 insurgents dead, and wounding more than 30 (15th-16th). Pakistan: After hundreds of Taliban militants raided a prison, 384 inmates escaped; 21 escapees were high-profile militants. Mideast: Syria: Government forces stepped up their shelling of opposition strongholds mostly by shelling Homs, at least 27 people were killed, amid what was supposed to be a ceasefire. The next day deadly attacks by government forces on opposition-held areas in the north and south, and the continuation of bombarding Homs left more than 50 dead. Yemen: Five US drone strikes killed six suspected al Qaeda militants in the southeastern province of Shabwa. Arabian Penisula: Torrential rains caused flooding in parts of Saudi Arabia and Oman that damaged buildings, washed out roads, and caused 18 deaths and about 12 people missing; the flooding would continue into late April. Indonesia: Sumatra: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck off the west coast (04/15; 05:57:39). South Pacific: Papua New Guinea: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck the eastern section of the island (04/17; 07:13:50). South Atlantic: South Sandwich Islands: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit the east region (04/17; 19:03:55). Solar Activity: The Sun's northeastern limb exploded with a coronal mass ejection that was called "one of the most visually-spectacular explosions in years."

21st -- New Moon (7h 18m) HIGH

Mideast: Syria: Dispite the presence of UN officals to monitor the ceasefire, the government forces heavily shelled Homs, at least 40 were killed. Bahrain: Police fired tear gas to disperse thousands of protesters after an anti-government demonstrator's body was found; violent protests set fires throughout destroying buildings and vehicles. Yemen: An army offensive aimed at capturing the capital of the southern province of Abyan left 18 militants dead. Iraq: A series of deadly blasts struck a number of cities, killing at least 35 people and injuring at least 100 (19th). Africa: South Sudan: A number of bomb blasts targeted a Unity oil field, leading many to fears of a war between South Sudan and Sudan. Nigeria: Five Maiduguri bakers were killed by gunmen in the north-eastern city of Maiduguri; a base of the Islamist Boko Haram sect. North America: Mexico: Preparations were being made for an evacuation around the Popocatepetl volcano, as a major eruption seemed evident; the volcano spewed glowing rock fragments and ash from more than 60 openings in its crust. US: Severe thunderstorms, torrential downpours and tornadoes hit Florida. Indonesia: Papua: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake hit near the north coast (04/21; 01:16:53). Solar Activity: The Sun was peppered with sunspots and four are sending off C-class solar flares.

24th-25th -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Mideast: Syria: The government was accused of failing to withdraw heavy weapons from cities, as their violence killed at least 105, mostly in the city of Hama (23rd-24th). The next day snippers shot from rooftops, as Douma and Hama were shelled, killing at least 29 (some reports say 54) and a bomb exploded in Damascus, which was also hit with mortar shells and machine-guns. Africa: Sudan and South Sudan: Two fighter jets fired four missiles at South Sudan border towns, killing more than 1,200. Nigeria: Five people were killed and 10 injured in two separate attacks in central Nigeria, and earlier, in Jos city nine people were injured after an explosion. Asia: Pakistan: A bomb blast in the city of Lahore, at a train station, left two dead and wounded 25. Philippines: At least 10 soldiers were killed in an ambush by communist rebels in the north of the country. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano continued to spew rocks, ashes and steam, so much that many villagers had gone to church to pray that there would be no further eruptions. South America: Chile: Student protestors clashed with police in Santiago, which turned violent as police fired water cannons and tear gas, and students fired back with rocks and set a government security building on fire. Solar Activity: The Earth passed through the wake of a coronal mass ejection, causing geomagnetic storms at high latitudes. A sunspot (AR1465) developed a magnetic field that has enough energy to produce X-class solar flares, which will be Earth-directed.

29th -- First Quarter (9h 57m) HIGH

Mideast: Syria: Bomb attacks occurred in Idlib and Damascus, leaving at least 20 dead in Idlib alone, and more than 100 were injuried (30th). Government snipers killed two people in Joret al-Shayah, troops killed 20 in Hamadi Omar and Deir el-Zour, and three Syrian soldiers were killed in clashes with army defectors. Africa: Sudan and South Sudan: The president of Sudan declared a state of emergency for cities along the border with South Sudan, as attacks by Sudanese helicopter gunships and MiG fighter jets. Nigeria: A series of blasts and gunfire at a university in the city of Kano, in northern Nigeria, killed at least 21 people. Democratic Republic of Congo: Troops loyal to Bosco Ntaganda defeated and pushed out the Congolese army taking the towns of Mushake and Karuba, as thousands fled the area; an undisclosed number of soldiers were killed in the gunfire. Asia: India: A ferry capsized during a storm in north-eastern India, leaving least 103 dead and more than 100 missing. Pakistan: Hundreds of families began fleeing a district in the city of Karachi as a stand-off between police and gunmen broke out; more than 22 were killed. Europe: A rare tornado touched down in the countryside of southern France, near Toulouse, with winds of 73-112 mph (about 115 to 180 km/h). North America: Violent storms raked the Plains, bringing baseball-sized hail and gusty winds, injuring at least 100 and killing one. Solar Activity: A minor coronal mass ejection issued off the Sun headed for Mars (late 28th).


2nd-3rd -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Africa: Egypt: Protesters demonstrating against the disqualification of a presidential candidate becomes violence, killing at least 20. Sudan and South Sudan: Between 12,000-15,000 South Sudanese were stranded amid reports of attacks along Sudan's border with South Sudan; they had fled earlier as attacks sent them in search of a refuge where they had been for months. Mali: Pro-junta forces took control of the the main anti-junta military base after two days of fighting in the capital, Bamako (1st-2nd). Somalia: A suicide attack in central Somalia, in the town of Dusa, left at least 7 dead (1st). Nigeria: A cattle market in northern Yobe state was attacked by gunmen, killing at least 34 and injuring 30; however, an official with the cattle market says he saw 60 bodies at the scene. Europe: Russia: Two explosions on the outskirts of Makhachkala, capital of Russia's Dagestan region, killed at least 7; the number of injuried was not reported. Mideast: Syria: Renewed violence left at least 30 dead despite a ceasefire (1st). Violence erupted at Aleppo University, were students demonstrated protesting government policies, government forces killed 7, at least 28 were wounded and about 200 students were arrested; a total of 32 were killed nationwide by government forces. North America: Mexico: A gunfight between the Mexican army and a suspected drug gang left at least 12 people dead. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake hit offshore near Chiapas (05/01; 22:43:38). US: Damaging storms downed trees and powerlines across Indiana with numerous tornadoes, tennis-ball-sized hail and reports of extensive damage. Strong thunderstorms trampled over Wisconsin, leaving behind tremendous damage, power outages, destroyed homes, road closures, and extensive flooding.

6th -- Full Moon (3h 35m) and Perigee 5th-6thHIGH

Mideast: Syria: An explosion near Aleppo killed at least 5, and the following day another 4 were killed throughout the country. Asia: Japan: A rare tornado devastated part of eastern Japan killing one and injuring dozens, as the tornado tossed cars and trucks into the air, destroyed hundreds of buildings, and knocked down power poles. Afghanistan: A roadside bomb struck a vehicle, killing one and wounding two. Eight hours of relentless rainfall lead to flash floods that killed at least 26; more than 100 were missing and feared dead. Nepal: A landslide near Machhapuchhre mountain in Kaski district triggered a catastrophic flash flood in the Seti river, sweeping away 20 houses, two temples, and a community building, and leaving 26 dead and 51 missing (5th-6th). Europe: Russia: At least 8 were killed and 20 injured in a suicide car bomb attack and a follow-up blast. About ten thousand protesting Putin third term as president ended up in deadly violence. Solar Activity: A large, new sunspot (AR1476) is sending off M-class solar flares that in following days turned toward Earth.

9th-10th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: A bomb exploded near a convoy of UN observers that was entering the city of Daraa, injurying 10 soliders; and throughout the country at least another 20 were killed. The next day car bomb attacks killed at least 55 and wounded almost 400 in Damascus. Asia: China: A woman suicide bomber blew herself up in protest over the demolition of her house in southern China, killing two, and injuring 14. Africa: Sudan and South Sudan: Sudan began new attacks that were launched in the states of Upper Nile and Western Bahr al-Ghazal in South Sudan, killing an undisclosed number and destroying property. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms rattled the Gulf Coast and Southeast, producing multiple waterspouts (water-born tornadoes) that destroyed property and downed powerlines form Alabama to Louisiana and Florida. Oak and Kleberg counties in Texas encountered hail up to the size of golf balls, which fell from the strongest storms, while high winds and 13 tornadoes damaged buildings, and flipped mobile homes and tractor trailers. The Whitewater-Baldy Fire Complex wildfire in New Mexico began with a lightning strike and would become the largest wildfire the state's history. South America: Bolivia: Clashes broke out in La Paz as thousands of protesters took to the streets to demonstrate against the government of President Evo Morales. Riot police fired tear gas at a group hurling objects. Colombia: Farc rebels killed 7 and injuried 14 police officers in an ambush close to the Venezuelan border. Solar Activity: Huge sunspot AR1476 was blistering with M-class solar flares and appeared to be on its way to producing X-ray flares aimed at Earth. Early on the 10th AR1476 blasted out an M5-class solar flare.

12th -- Last Quarter (21h 47m) MODERATE

Europe: Georgia: The river running through the capital of Tbilisi burst its banks due to prolonged heavy rain, at least five people were killed and dozens were injured. Mideast: Yemen: At least 11 al-Qaeda militants were killed in two drone-aerial attacks. Lebanon: Tripoli clashes erupted between Sunni Muslims and members of the Alawite minority, killing at least two. Asia: China: Rain and hail storms in north-western China, killed at least 40, more than 350,000 people were affected by the storms, and 30,000 were forced to evacuate homes. North America: Mexico: Continuing conflict between rival drugs gangs left 49 dead and mutiliated. US: Wildfires were sparked in Arizona and would conitnue for days. Solar Activity: On 11th (23:54 UT) a coronal mass ejection blasted from the Sun that delivered a blow to Earth's magnetic field.

15th-16th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: Government forces opened fire on a funeral procession in a town in Idlib province, killing at least 20. The following day widespread violence in many parts of the country left at least 15 dead. Yemen: Air strikes against al-Qaeda targets in the south left 18 dead and 20 injuried. The following day Yemeni air strikes in Abyan province killed at least 16 suspected militants. Lebanon: Sectarian clashes in the north, linked to unrest in neighbouring Syria, left 5 dead and 20 injuried. Africa: Kenya: A suspected grenade was thrown into a nightclub in the city of Mombasa, killing one and injuring five. Somalia: European Union naval forces conducted a raid on pirate bases on the mainland, destroying several boats, fuel depots and an arms store. South Africa: Police fired tear gas as clashes between opposition supporters and trade union activists took place, injuring an undisclosed number. Libya: Clashes in the western desert town of Ghadames killed 7 and injuried more than 20. South America: Colombia: An attack on a politician in the capital city of Bogota killed two and injuried 40. Chile: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake shook Tarapaca (05/14; 10:00:39). North America: Mexico: A massive dust storm, at least 200 miles (320 km) long developed in northern Mexico (just south of the Rio Grande). US: Extreme, persistent heat, very low humidity and gusty winds, along with a huge high-pressure system, caused wilfires to expand and prompted evacuations in Arizona and Colorado. Asia: Bangladesh: Demonstrators and police clashed in the capital of Dhaka after 33 senior opposition leaders were arrested for being connected with anti-government protests; a number of vehicles were torched in the protests. Pacific: The first 2012 cyclone, Aletta, developed about 640 miles (1,030 km) south-southwest of Manzanillo, Mexico. The next day there were signs of another cyclone developing. Papua New Guinea: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake shook the New British Region (05/16; 00:59:34).

20th -- New Moon (23h 47m) MODERATE

Mideast: Yemen: Intense clashes between government troops and al Qaeda fighters left 21 dead. A day later a huge suicide bomb blast during a rehearsal for a military parade left at least 101 soldiers dead; the bomb was detonated by one of the soldiers. Syria: At least 9 were killed and dozens injured after a car bomb exploded in the city of Deir al-Zour on the 19th. The shelling of Hama by government forces killed at least 34. Europe: Italy: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake killed at least 9, injuried at least 50, and displaced about 11,000 in the northern city of Finale Emilia (05/20; 02:03:52). Hitting the country's industrial heartland, it left behind widespread destruction. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber killed at least 10 at a checkpoint in the eastern province of Khost. China: An explosion in a road tunnel that was under construction in central China killed at least 20 people (19th). Japan: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake shook Honshu, near where last year's tsunami struck (05/20; 07:19:55); it was followed by seven aftershocks ranging from 4.6 to 5.4 in magnitude. Afghanistan: Heavy rains and snow melt sent flood waters into the capital in the north, killing at least 19, 60 were missing and destroying at least 1,000 homes. Africa: Somalia: Two bombings in the capital city of Mogadishu killed at least 5 (19th). In the another attack, a bomb or grenade, killed at least one in the Bakara market area. North Atlantic: The first tropical storm of the 2012 Atlantic Hurricane Season, Alberto, developed off the Southeast coast of the US, about 100 miles east of Georgia; it is only the third tropical storm to have formed prior to June 1 in the past 31 years. Solar Activity: An interpanetary shock wave swept past the Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms and aurora.
Note: A total solar eclipse called the "Ring of Fire" took place; the next Ring of Fire eclipse will be in October 2023. It was visible in the west and southwest US, and the eclipse then was visible over the North Pacific, in southern Japan and southern China on the morning of May 21st.

23rd-24th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Asia: Afghanistan: Terrorists and the Taliban sprayed girl students with a poison that left 122 girls and 3 teachers sick; it is said that this was to discourage girls from attending school. Pakistan: A gunmen opened fire on a political rally in the city of Karachi, killing at least 10 and injuring 35. The same day a US drone targeted suspected militants in the North Waziristan tribal area, killing at least four. The following day another US drone struck the same area, killing 8 suspected militants. Japan: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake hit the Hokkaido region (05/23; 15:02:28). Mideast: Iraq: A blast from a roadside bomb in the central city of Ramadi, killed at least 3 Lebanese Shia pilgrims and injuried 7. Syria: Government forces again hit Homs with a massacre that killed 108, 49 of which were children in the town of Houla, early on the 25th. Africa: Somalia: African Union forces advanced on Afgoye, an Islamist stronghold near the capital, Mogadishu, causing thousands of Somalis to flee the fighting. Burkina Faso-Mali border: Tribal clashes over land rights took place in the Malian village of Sari between Burkina Faso's Peul ethnic group and the Dogon tribe from Mali, leaving 25 dead. South America: Colombia: Farc rebels killed 12 soldiers in an ambush near the border with Venezuela. Chile: Violent clashes between police and farmers took place in the southern Maule region, as an electric company was said to be taking more water from Lake Maule than necessary. North America: Strong winds reaching 65 to 80 mph (105-130 kph) tore up parts of California. Pacific: The second tropical storm -- Tropical Storm Bud -- developed and strengthened along the Eastern Pacific basin, and the following day became a Category 2 hurricane with sustained winds of 110 mph (177 kmh); it headed toward the mainland of Mexico. Central America: Costa Rica: The Turrialba volcano, about 40 miles (65 km) away from the capital San Jose, stepped up its activity spewing ash and gas, and explosions sent rocks into surrounding areas -- authorities believed it would erupt soon. Europe: Norway: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake shook the Norwegian Sea (05/24; 22:47:47).

28th -- First Quarter (20h 16m) LOW

Africa: Kenya: A huge blast in downtown Nairobi injuried 33, 5 critically; it was a revenge attack by the militant group al-Shabab for Kenya sending troops to Somolia. Asia: Pakistan: Another US drone strike killed at least 6 suspected terrorists in the northwest. Nepal: Clashes in Kathmandu took place between riot police and two groups, one in favor of and the other against the creation of states based on ethnic identity. Mideast: Syria: Another 26 were killed by government forces in the town of Houla in Homs. South America: Chile: Heavy, intense rains hit southern and central regions, leaving 2,000 people homeless, more than 300,000 without electricity, washed out roads and destroyed buildings. Argentina: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake shook Santiago Del Estero (05/28; 05:07:24). North America: US: Tropical strom Beryl packing winds of 70 mph (113 kph) hit the Southeast drenching parts with 4 to 12 inches (10-30 cm) of rain, flooding areas, damaging buildings and cutting power to tens of thousands. The storm headed up the coast and continued for days, as a new disturbance in the Carribean brewed another storm. Mexico: A gun and bomb attack on a border town hotel injuried 10 -- 8 police and 2 civilians. Europe: Italy: A 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit the same general region as the quake on the 20th (05/29; 07:00:04) crumbling already damaged factory buildings and recking agricultural areas, leaving 17 dead and 320 injuried. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR1492 erupted, sending a long-duration C3-class solar flare and a coronal mass ejection toward Mars.

31st-June 1st -- Mid-Phase LOW

Mideast: Iraq: A series of explosions tore into several areas in Baghdad, killing at least 12 and injuring 36. Yemen: Air and artillery strikes in the south killed at least 10 al-Qaeda-linked militants on the 30th. Syria: Pro-government forces shot dead 13 factory workers at close range. Israel- Palestine: A Palestinian militant cut through the boundary fence and opened fire on Israeli troops at the Gaza border, an Israeli and Palestinian were killed in the clash; Israeli tanks then fired into Gaza. At least 3 suspected militants were injuries in an Israeli air strike on Gaza, in a separate incident. Asia: Kazakhstan: The discovery of a burnt-out border post near frontier with China revealed 15 charred bodies, 14 of which were border guards. Afghanistan: A suicide bomb attack on a police headquarters in Kandahar killed at least 5 policemen. A suicide bomber attacked a base of the Nato-led peacekeeping force in Khost province, killing 7 and injuring 13. Africa: Somalia: African Union and Somali government forces captured the town of Afmadow occupied by Islamist al-Shabab militants. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl Volcano blasted ash over nearby towns and villages. The volcano is about halfway between Mexico City and the city of Puebla, threatening some 25 million people who live within a 60-mile (90-km) radius. US: Numerous tornado and funnel clouds, heavy rain, hail and flooding battered the Northeast. South America: Argentina: A 6.0 earthquake struck Salta early on the 2nd (06/02; 07:52:53). Central America: Guatemala: Fuego Volcano sent hot, destructive mudflows down it's Las Lajas and El Jute drainages and the following days exploded with ash plumes that rose 1,640-3,280 feet (500-1,000 m) above the crater. Solar Activity: A huge coronal hole ejected a stream of solar-wind plasma into space and reached Earth between June 5th and the 7th.


4th -- Full Moon (11h 12m) MODERATE

Mideast: Iraq: A suicide car-bomber detonated next to a government building in Baghdad, killing at least 20 people and wounding 199. Syria: Free Syrian Army rebels abandoned the proposed ceasefire, killing at least 80 Syrian soldiers, and 31 others were killed across Syria by government forces. Africa: Libya: Libyan authorities arrested 30 militia after the group stormed Tripoli's airport, demanding the release of a rebel leader. Nigeria: Two church bombings in the north killed at least 15 people and injuried 38 on the 3rd. Asia: Pakistan: US drone aircraft missle strikes killed 15 in a militant compound near the Afghan border. Burma: Buddhist residents in western Burma killed at least 9 Muslims as a crowd attacked a bus in Rakhine province, as sectarian tensions worsened. In another incident, at least 10 were injured in the state capital Sittwe when police broke up a protest. Central America: Panama: 6.4 (06/04; 03:15:25) and 6.2 (06/04; 00:45:16) earthquakes struck south of Panama. North America: Mexico: Gunmen attacked a drug rehabilitation center in the northern city of Torreon, killing at least 11 and injurying at least 15; it appeared to be due to organized crime. Solar Activity: A new sunspot (1496) exploded with a M3-class solar flare late on the 3rd and also hurled a coronal mass ejection into space.

7th-8th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Asia: Pakistan: A bomb blast outside a religious school in Quetta killed at least 8 and wounded at least 20. China: An explosion at a religious school in Xinjiang province injuried 17. Pakistan: A bomb attack on a bus carrying government employees in the northwest city of Peshawar killed at least 18 and injuried at least 34. Mideast: Yemen: Clashes in the south left 17 militants and at least 2 soldiers dead on the 6th. Syria: Another massacre left at least 78 dead in the village of Qubeir. Africa: Nigeria: Government forces killed 16 suspected militants from the Islamic sect Boko Haram in the city of Maiduguri on the 6th. A suicide car bomb outside police headquarters in the city of Maiduguri killed at least 5. Mali: Two rebel groups that seized the north two months ago began fighting following protests in the town of Kidal. Ivory Coast: An ambush in the southwest between the villages of Tai and Para left 7 UN Peacekeepers dead. Europe: Britain: Gusts of nearly 60mph (97kph) and storm-driven waves of up to 16 feet (5m) swept Devon and Cornwall, downing powerlines and trees. The following day gale force winds between 40 mph and 82 mph (65-132 kph) battered England and Wales while heavy rain brought flooding. North America: US: Storms passing through the Denver area dropped golf-ball sized hail and brought localized flooding, as six tornadoes touched down across northeast Colorado. A 1/4-mile-wide tornado touched down east of Wheatland, Wyoming. Mexico: The mutilated remains of 14 people inside a truck parked in front of a city government office were found in the town of El Mante, Tamaulipas. South America: Peru: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake shook southern Peru (06/07; 16:03:18). Australia: Severe thunderstorms brought tornadoes that produced widespread damage in and near the capital city of Perth. A tornado also touched down near York, about 60 miles (97 km) east of Perth. Solar Activity: A fast solar wind buffeted Earth's magnetic field, causing magnetic storms. Three sunspots developed complex magnetic fields with enough energy for M-class solar eruptions.

11th -- Last Quarter (10h 41m) HIGH

Mideast: Syria: At least 93 people were killed across the country, as government forces fired from helicopters, and fighting between the Free Syrian Army and government forces took their toll. Iraq: A mortar attack in Baghdad left at least 4 dead and 30 injuried. Africa: Nigeria: A gang of about 80 armed people on motorbikes attacked the villages of Dan-Gulbi and Guru, killing at least 27. Libya: Fighting between government forces and tribal fighters in the town of Kufra left 16 dead, on the 10th. Ivory Coast: Clashes along border with Liberia led thousands of people to flee their villages, as a UN peacekeeper and 4 others were killed. Asia: Burma: Unrest left 7 dead in the state of Rakhine. Pakistan: A motorbike with a bomb attached exploded next to a bus, killing 6 and injuring 40. Afghistan: Village houses collapsed after two earthquakes of 5.4 and 5.7 magnitudes hit the north-east, killing at least 80 and as many as 100. A road bomb in the province of Sar-e Pol killed 4 in an ambulance. Europe: United Kingdom: Heavy rain continued to hit parts of England and Wales leading to flooding in 50 areas and more rain was expected. South America: Chile: Hundreds of demonstrators clashed with the police after viewing a documentary praising the former military government of General Pinochet; police used tear gas and a water cannon to break up the protest in Santiago. North America: US: A fast-moving wildfire near Fort Collins, Colorado scorched nearly 37,000 acres (14,973 hectares) of land, destroying buildings and forcing hundreds to flee their homes. A relentless stream of tropical moisture brought significant flooding to the Gulf Coast region, with rainfall as high as 18 to 22 inches (45-55 cm) in some areas. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR1504 rapidly evolved with low level solar flares and was expected to continue as it turns toward Earth later in the week.

14th-15th -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Mideast: Iraq: A wave of attacks across the country left 93 dead and 312 wounded -- The attacks were mostly aimed at Shiite pilgrims headed to a shrine in Baghdad. Syria: United Nations observers entered the town of al Haffa finding it deserted after days of intense fighting. Yemen: Yemeni troops raided another al Qaeda stronghold in Shaqra town in Abyan province, killing 40 suspected militants. Pacific: Tropical Storm Carlotta, southeast of Port Angel and Acapulco, Mexico, formed early on the 14th. It became a rapidly intensifying Category 2 hurricane the next day with maximum sustained winds of 105 mph (170 kph) and gusts up to 120 mph (193 kph) when it made landfall. Europe: United Kingdom: Another deluge brought heavy rain, thunderstorms and flooding in many areas. North America: US: There were 79 reports of hail, 19 of which were of hail larger than 2" in diameter, around the size of a lime -- most of the hail was clustered around the Dallas area, damaging cars and houses. South America: Paraguay: Landless farmers occupied property in the east where police came to evict them, but the police were ambushed and the clashes left 7 police and 9 farmers dead, and dozens more were injuried. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR1504 erupted and hurled a fast-moving coronal mass ejection (CME) that swept up a previous CME. The two CMEs delivered a combined blast to Earth's magnetic field on the 16th.

19th -- New Moon (15h 02m) and 20th SolsticeMAXIMUM

Asia: Afghanistan: Afgans in government uniforms launched attacks on US and Afghan forces, killing 4 Afghan police officers and wounding 7 in Kandahar, and killing dozens elsewhere. Insurgents breached a small US outpost in the south, wounding 9 coalition troops; all 7 insurgents were killed. Turkey: Fighting between Kurdish rebels and government troops in the southeast left 26 dead. Jerusalem: An escalation in violence between the Israeli military and Palestinian militants in Gaza left 6 Palestinians and one Israeli dead. Japan: Tropical Storm Guchol brought strong, gusty winds, sustained winds of 65 mph (105 kph) and heavy rains to the island of Honshu, and brought typhoon-force wind gusts and heavy rain to the Tokyo area. Tropical Storm Talim, which formed off the southeast coast of China, was headed for Nagasaki on Kyushu Island. Africa: Nigeria: A militant Islamist group bombed 3 Christian churches, killing 50 on the 18th. Mideast: Iraq: A suicide attack at a Shia funeral in Baquba, killed at least 15 and wounded 40 on the 18th. North America: US: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck the Aleutian Islands, Alaska (06/19; 15:56:33). Alaska's Cleveland Volcano erupted with a plume that might have been as high as 35,000 feet (10.6 km), as the dome collaped. Heavy rains in Diluth, Minnesota began and lead to major flooding the following day. A high pressure system moved into the northeast, which was hit with a major heat wave, setting records on the following two days. Atlantic: A storm, located to the northeast of Bermuda and 650 miles (1,045 km) south of Cape Race, Newfoundland, strengthened into Tropical Storm Chris.

22nd-23rd -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: At least 128 people were killed on the 21st, and the following day, another 87 were killed in various locations by government forces. A Turkish military jet was shot down by Syrian artillery after the aircraft entered their airspace; the pilot defected to Jordan. Iraq: bombings in a busy Baghdad market killed at least 13 and wounded more than 100 in ongoing sectarian violence. Israel and Palestine: Israeli airstrikes killed two Palestinians and injured at least 4 in Gaza, and overnight more strikes killed another two, as 20 rockets were fired into southern Israel. Yemen: Yemen's army recaptured a new al-Qaida stronghold in the south after 3 days of shelling al-Qaida positions and warning local tribal leaders that there would be further escalation, thereby driving the militants out of the town of Azzan. Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban militants attacked a hotel near Kabul taking dozens of hostages, bringing about a fierce battle with Afghan and NATO troops that left 26 dead. Russia: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake hit near the coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula (06/24; 03:15:03). Africa Egypt: Tens of thousands of protesters filled Cairo's Tahrir Square denouncing what appears to be a move by ruling generals to seize control over the government. Europe: United Kingdom: Heavy rains drenched northern England, northern Ireland, north Wales and southwest Scotland. Eighty-seven flood warnings were issued in northern England and Scotland as rivers swelled and some residents had to be evacuated -- extensive flooding ocurred as a month's rain fell in 24 hours. South America: Bolivia: Protests by police officers demanding a pay rise spread throughout the country, accompanied by looting, and the burning documents and buildings. Pacific: Macquire Island: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake shook the region (06/22; 04:31:17). Atlantic: A low-pressure system near the Yucatan Pennisula began organizing into a tropical depression and continued to do so becoming Tropical Storm Debby the following day, and spawning thuderstorms and tornadoes in Florida. It strengthened in the following days into a huricane, hitting the Gulf Coast of the US and bringing widepsread flooding, particularly to Florida where more than two dozen tornadoes and a waterspout developed. This is the first time since 1851 that 4 storms have formed before July. North America: Texas: Severe thunderstorms developed producing heavy rains and hail up to the size of half dollars, as a 90 mph (145 kph) downburst ripped roofs off, sent trees into houses, downed powerlines, flipped a mobile home over and pushed a large truck on its side. A microburst in Bladensburg, Maryland, damaged several buildings and cars, and injured two. Solar Activity: A long, magnetic filament erupted over the Sun's northwestern limb.

27th -- First Quarter (3h 30m) MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: The pro-government satellite TV station, al-ikhbaria, was attacked, killing 7. Iraq: Two bombs killed 8 and injuried 7 southeast of, and a third bomb killed 3 west of, Baghdad; 21 were killed elsewhere. Yemen: Land mine explosions killed at least 73 people in Abyan province that were planted by al Qaeda fighters who were defeated two weeks ago. Asia: Bangladesh: Heavy rain and floods washed through the southeast, triggering landslides that killed at least 106 -- tens of thousands of people were either stranded or displaced. India: Torrential rains drenched the northeastern state of Assam, killing at least 95 and forcing more than a million from their homes. Pakistan: A bomb exploded at a railway station in the west, killing at least 5 and wounding 20 (8 criticlly). China: Clashes erupted between hundreds of local people and migrant workers in a town in the province of Guangdong. Africa: Uganda: Heavy rains triggered a landslide that buried three villages in the east on the 26th, killing at least 18 and injuring 9, while countless more were missing. Mali: Islamist forces in the north seized the town of Gao after clashes with Tuareg-led rebels, killing at least 20, as many Tuareg fled. Tanzania: People fleeing drought and conflict in Somalia and Ethiopia, and trying to reach South Africa, in a over-crowded truck left 42 migrants dead. Europe: Greece: Armed men rammed a van full of gas into a Microsoft office in Athens, destroying the van and badly damaging the building. Ireland: Parts of the north were hit with extensive flooding following a series of heavy downpours. North America: Mexico: Two police officers trying to smuggle cocaine engaged in a shootout in Mexico City's main airport that left 3 officers dead, on the 26th. US: Wildfires, fanned by 65 mph (105 kph) winds and high temperatures, forced the expansion of the evacuation to 32,000 in an area near Colorado Springs, Colorado, as the fire consumed hundreds of homes. A pre-evacuation warning was given to Boulder residents as this was a firestorm of "epic proportions." A high-pressure dome brought blistering temperatures of 100 or more across Colorado, Nebraska and Kansas, breaking all-time records -- in the following days the high pressure moved into the Midwest and East. Tropical Storm Debby mad landfall in northern Florida dumping 2 feet (61 cm) of rain in areas and produced widespread flooding. Solar Activity: A coronal hole ejected a stream of high-speed solar wind and turned toward Earth.

June 30th-July 1st -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Mideast: Syria: Syrian helicopters neared the border between itself and Turkey, causing Turkey to scrambl fighter jets 3 separate times as tensions rose between the two countries. Asia: Afghanistan: A gunman wearing an Afghan police uniform killed 3 Nato staff in the south. Africa: Kenya: Explosions targeting two churches near the Somali border killed at least 17 and wounded at least 40. Mali: Islamist rebels in the ancient city of Timbuktu destroyed 6 mausoleums and vow to smash every mausoleum, since they are regarded as idolatrous. North America: US: A mass of violent thunderstorms, known as a 'super derecho', left more than a 700-mile trail of destruction across the Midwest and mid-Atlantic, knocking out power to more than 3 million homes. At the same time these areas where experiencing record high temperatures, and millions from the Plains to the mid-Atlantic continued to battle the devastating heat wave for days. The power outages would continue for nearly a week. South America: Colombia: Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupted spewing smoke and ash from its crater, prompting evacuations of nearby communities near Bogota. Solar Activity: A high-speed solar wind stream buffeted Earth's magnetic field, producing numerous aurora.


3rd -- Full Moon (18h 52m) HIGH

Mideast: Iraq: At least 40 were killed and 100 were wounded by bomb blasts in the towns of Diwaniya, Karbala and Taji. Syria: Clashes between rebel fighters and government forces took place in Homs. Asia: India: The worst flooding in 15 years left more than 95 dead and one million homeless in Assam continued. Afghanistan: A suicide car bomb attack in the city of Kandahar left at least 7 and injured many more on the 2nd. South America: Peru: Clashes between police and demonstrators opposing the multi-billion dollar Conga mining project left 2 dead and many injuried. North America: US: Intense heat continued to spread across much of the eastern two-thirds of the nation, as more than a million were still out of power from July 1st's storms. Pacific: New Zealand: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck off the west coast of North Island (07/03; 10:36:16). Solar Activity: Sunspot AR1515 erupted on the 2nd, producing an M5.6-class solar flare. This sunspot continued to grow and crackle with magnetic eruptions, as the following day it produced an M-class flare.

6th-7th -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Asia: Pakistan: Armed motorcyclists killed 18 day laborers traveling through Balochistan province on their way to Iran. A US drone attack killed at least 12 suspected militants in a village east of Miranshah, the main town in North Waziristan. Mideast: Iraq: A suicide car bombing left 6 dead, at least 20 wounded and numerous houses destroyed. Syria and Lebanon: Syrian cross-border shelling hit Lebanon, killing at least 3 and injuring 9 -- fears mounted that the violence would spread to other countries bordering Syria. Europe: Holland: Golf-ball sized hail and strong winds damaged numerous homes. United Kingdom: Heavy rains brought about 66 flood warnings and 164 flood alerts in England and Wales, and nine flood alerts in Scotland. The following day there were still 41 flood warnings and 133 alerts in England and Wales, and nine warnings and seven alerts in Scotland, as heavy rains continued. Eurasia: Russia: Two days of heavy rain brought floodwaters surging through southern Krasnodar region, around the Black Sea, killing at least 171 -- floodwaters rose 23 feet (7 m) overnight in Krymsk alone, where 159 were amoung the dead. South Pacific: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit the island nation of Vanatu (07/06; 02:28:23). Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: Rebels took control of the Congo side of the town of Bunagana, causing about 600 Congolese soldiers to flee into Uganda. North America: US: Excessive heat continued, as excessive heat warnings were issued for Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota, Pennsylvania and New Jersey, leaving at least 45 dead. This heat wave resulted in a "corn belt disaster" as corn crops shriveled. More than 3,500 record temperatures were recorded in the first week of July, as a record 56% of continental US was in drought. Solar Activity: Huge sunspot AR1515 hurled a strong X1.1-class solar flare with Earth connected to the site by solar magnetic fields and would be hit by a coronal mass ejection of a stream of energetic protons. In addition, a new, big sunspot emerged over the Sun's southeastern limb.

11th -- Last Quarter (1h 48m) MODERATE

Pacific: Hurricane Emilia strengthened into a Category 4 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of about 140 mph (225 kph). South America: Colombia: A thousand members of the Nasa, Guambiano and Paez tribes destroyed trenches and sandbags used by the police defend their police station in an attempt to stop local clashes with the largest rebel group, Farc. Mideast: Yemen: A suicide bomber attacked a police academy, killing at least 10 and injuring at least 19. Two towns formerly controlled by al-Qaeda-linked militants were retaken by the country's army, which left at least 24 dead. Syria: Government forces carried out a "massacre" in Hama province, killing 220 in the village of Tremseh, while another 67 were killed elsewhere on the 12th. Africa: Somalia: Somali government and African Union troops seized a major Islamist militant training base. Libya: A group of immigrants tried to sail from Libya to Italy in an inflatable boat, causing 54 to die of thrist. Europe: Spain: Thousands took to the streets in Madrid to protest government taxes and measures, causing clashes between police and protesters. France: An avalanche on Mont Blanc in France killed at least 9 climbers and injured 5 others. North America: US: A freight train carrying ethanol derailed and caught on fire in Columbus, Ohio; the cause of the derailment was unknown. Millions sizzled with 100-plus degree heat over the interior Midwest that continued in the following days. Heat and drought continued to take their toll on the northern part of the corn belt, withering various crops and continued for days afterword. Blazing heat roasted inland California, Nevada and Arizona, as well. Solar Activity: Huge sunspot AR1520 had a delta-class magnetic field, which harbors potential X-class solar flares. The following day it unleashed an X1.4-class solar flare, hurling a coronal mass ejection directly toward Earth.

14th-15th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Asia: Japan: Torrential rains killed at least 28 people, triggered landslides and flooding hundreds of houses on the southern island of Kyushu, affecting hundreds of thousands. On the northwest of the island, about 5,000 people were stranded after roads were swept away. About 250,000 people were ordered to leave their homes in the prefectures of Fukuoka, Saga, Kumamoto and Oita. Afghanistan: About 21 people were killed in a suicide attack in the northern province of Samangan; among the dead was a well-known Afghan politician. China: Torrential rains caused heavy flooding across the southwest province of Guizhou, flooding properties, triggering landslides and causing extensive damage; at least 7 were left dead. Africa: Nigeria: A suicide bomber killed 5 at a mosque in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, on the 13th. Mideast: Syria: The International Committee of the Red Cross indicated that the fighting is so widespread that the conflict is now officially a civil war. Some of the heaviest fighting of the conflict so far raged in Damascus, as the government's army sought to drive out the Free Syrian Army. Egypt: A newly built 11-story apartment building collapsed in Alexandria, killing at least 10. The collapse destroyed three neighbouring buildings. Europe: Poland: A series of rare tornadoes and heavy winds hit in the northern and western provinces of Kujawy-Pomorze and Wielkopolska, destroyed at least 100 homes, downing powerlines, and killing at least one and injuring at least ten. Pacific: Tropical storm Fabio strengthens first into a Category 1, and then into a Category 2, hurricane. North America: US: A tornado touched down in Locusville, Virgina, damaging buildings. Parts of Texas were flooded when two feet (61 cm) of rain fell in a few hours and continued to rain in for days. Flooding also occurred in Washington state, Arizona and Pennsylvania. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection struck the Earth's magnetic field, triggering geomagnetic storms and widespread auroras in both hemispheres.

19th -- New Moon (4h 24m) MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: A suicide bomber targeted the national security headquarters in Damascus, killing 3 men at the heart of President Assad's defence team -- a blow that could loosen President Bashar al-Assad's grip on power. The Free Syrian Army clashed with government forces, taking strategic border crossings near Iraq and leaving 217 dead. Asia: Pakistan: An improvised explosive device was detonated in a village near the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing 14 traveling in a passenger van. A passenger van hit a landmine on the border between the Orakzai tribal region and Kohat district, killing at least 8. Afghanistan: A bomb planted by the Taliban in the north destroyed 22 NATO fuel tankers carrying supplies to NATO forces. Europe: Bulgaria: A bus that picked up Israeli tourists at a Bulgarian airport was destroyed by a terrorist bomb blast, killing at least 8 and injuring 20. Africa: Tanzania: Strong winds and rough seas appeared to sink a ferry near Zanzibar, killing at least 24, while 80 were missing and believed dead. South America: Colombia: Nasa tribesmen took the army post on Cerro Berlin, forcing the soldiers stationed there to leave; afterwhich security forces drove them out, injuring at least 20. North America: US: Widespread storms spread from Wisconsin, Ohio and Kentucky through the entire East Coast, bringing strong, gale-force winds, hail the size of golf balls, and heavy rain that resulted in downed powerlines, blackouts, flooding, strong lightning and tornadoes. In addition, record temperatures soared above 100 in many areas along I-95. A mass shooting in an Aurora, Colorado movie theater, killed at least 14 and injuried 58 shortly after midnight. Solar Activity: Sunspot complex AR1520-1521 erupted, producing an M1-class and then an M-7 class flare that produced coronal mass ejections. Even though the M-7 class flare erupted on the far side of the Sun, it was magnetically connected to Earth by lines of magnetic force.

22nd-23rd -- Mid-Phase LOW

Mideast: Iraq: A series of bomb attacks and shootings in Baghdad and to the north killed at least 107 and wounded at least 216. Syria: Clashes escalated in the northern city of Aleppo. Over time the fighting lead to a mass migration of an estimated 1.5 million who fled the country. Asia: Afghanistan: An Afghan policeman opened fire at a training center, killing 3 Americans. China: The heaviest rain in six decades took place as ten hours of torrential downpours brought about 6.7 inches (17 cm) of rain in parts of Beijing and 18 inches (46 cm) in the suburban Fangshan district, killing 77 and wrecking widespread havoc. Powerful Typhoon Vicente was heading to make landfall in Guangdong, to the southwest of Hong Kong, with winds equivalent to a Category 3 to 4 hurricane and threatening major risks to lives and property. India: In the state of Assam clashes between indigenous tribespeople and Muslim settlers killed at least 17 and sent tens of thousands on a mass exodus away from the fighting. Africa: Nigeria: Heavy rains triggered a flood that washed away houses, killing at least 21 -- another 35 were missing and presumed dead. North America: US: A massive Haboob rolled through Phoenix, Arizona with wind gusts over 60 mph (96.5 kph), damaging buildings and powerlines. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection blasted away from sunspot AR1520 at a high rate of speed that is only observed about once every 5 to 10 years.

26th -- First Quarter (8h 56m) LOW

Mideast: Iraq: Suspected al Qaeda militants clashed with Iraqi forces opening fire on an Iraqi army helicopter, killing at least five police officers. Syria: Opposition forces battled to seize Aleppo as helicopter gunships flew over Aleppo and Damascus, killing at least 200. Fears mount that government forces ewre preparing to carry out a massacre in Aleppo. Asia: Pakistan: A bomb blast hit the tribal region of Bajaur, killing at least 7. Japan: The Sakurajima volcano erupted spewing volcanic ash onto Kagoshima City, as the ash covered roads, caused delays to trains and forced the closure of roads on the 25th. Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: Army troops and rebels clashed, sending hundreds in North Kivu fleeing toward the city of Goma by road trying to escape the fighting. Madagascar: Soldiers mutinyed at an army base, killing 3 and wounding several. Republic of Mauritius (west of Madagascar): The Reunion region was shaken by a 6.7 magnitude earthquake (07/26 05:33:32). North America: Mexico: People celebrating the feast of St James the Apostle in the southern state of Guerrero when a gunman began shooting, killing 4 and injuring 9. US: Strong, gusty winds, 2-inch hail, and torrential downpours brought havoc across the Northeast and Midwest, spawning tornadoes, damaging and destroying buildings, toppling powerlines and causing local flooding. There were more than 160 reports of strong winds. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream was heading toward Earth and was expected to hit on the 27th or 28th.

29th-30th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Mideast: Syria: New clashes and attacks by government helicopter gunships forced an estimated 15,000-16,600 frightened residents to seek refuge in schools, mosques and public buildings in Aleppo. More than 200,000 had already fled the city. More than 30 men who fought against Libya's regime moved into Syria to aid the Free Syrian Army. Iraq: Two car bomb explosions in Baghdad killed at least 19. Asia: India: Massive power failures in two consecutive days, deprived as many as 600 million people of electricity and disrupted transportation networks. A fire swept through a train passenger car in southern India, killing at least 32 and injuring at least 25. North Korea: Heavy rain hit the capital Pyongyang, as well as North and South Phyongan provinces, killing at least 88, nearly 63,000 have been left homeless, and 11,860 acres (4,800 hectares) of cropland has been washed away. Africa: Sudan: Protests against high prices in Darfur, prompted by austerity measures, left 6 dead. Central America: Costa Rica: Heavy rains in the central and eastern sections of the country triggered floods and landslides that forced widespread evacuations, leaving 4 missing and at least one dead. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection from an M6-class flare headed toward Earth and was expected to hit the Earth's magnetic field.


2nd -- Full Moon (3h 27m) LOW

Asia: Phillipines: Heavy rains from the outer bands of Typhoon Saola left 23 dead and 5 injuried, as it dumped 1.5 feet (46 cm) of rain. Taiwan: Typhoon Saola then hit the eastern section with torrential rains and strong winds that triggered landslides and flooding, killing at least 5 and injuring 15. Afghanistan: Intelligence forces killed 5 would-be suicide bombers in a gun battle in Kabul; suicide vests and a vehicle packed with explosives were seized. India: Monsoon downpours triggered landslides and flash floods, killing at least 34, and washing away hundreds of homes. Africa: Egypt: Muslims attacked a church and Christian homes in a village near Cairo, killing at least one and injuring 16 as shops were looted and set ablaze and people fled their homes. Mideast: Syria: Fighting raged in the Tadamon district of Damascus and in Aleppo there was constant shelling and fighting. Atlantic: Tropical Depression five became Tropical Storm Ernesto headed for the Windward Islands with winds in excess of 40 mph (64 kph), a storm surge of 1 to 3 feet (0.3-1 m) and heavy, flooding rains. South America: Peru: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake rocked the central region (08/02; 09:38:31). Oceania: Papua New Guinea: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit the New Ireland region (08/02; 09:56:45). Solar Activity: A minor geomagnetic storm was caused by a south-pointing magnetic arm of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field.

5th-6th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Mideast: Syria: Clashes continued in Aleppo where rebel fighters resisted a bombardment by government artillery and fighter jets, as the defection of the Prime Minister was a sign that the government regime was crumbling. Yemen: An al-Qaeda suicide bomber killed at least 45 and wounded dozens in the southern province of Abyan. Egypt and Israel: A terrorist attack near the Rafah border crossing, between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, left 16 Egyptian soldiers dead and 7 wounded; officials in Egypt and Israel disagreed as to who was to blame. Libya: Unknown assailants attacked a building of the International Committee of the Red Cross in Misrata, grenades and rockets were among the weapons used, causing major damage. Turkey: Kurdish rebels attacked a Turkish border post, killing at least 19 and injuried at least 15. Europe: Russia: A suicide bombing in Chechnya's capital, Grozny, killed at least 4 Russian soldiers and injuried numerous others. British Isles: Heavy rains brought flooding and disruption in Wales, southwestern and northern England and the Scottish border, damaging hundreds of homes and prompting flood warning throughout. Africa: Ivory Coast: An attack by gunmen on an army base in the city of Abidjan killed at least 5 soldiers. South Africa: A shooting in eastern KwaZulu-Natal province, thought to be rooted in clan rivalry, killed at least 5 and wounded 17. Nigeria: A suicide bomber in the city of Damaturu killed at least 8 after ramming a bomb-laden car into a military vehicle. North America: US: A lone gunman entered a Sikh temple in Wisconsin and opened fire, killing 7. Carribean and Mexico: After inundating Jamiaca with heavy showers and thunderstorms Tropical Storm Ernesto strengthened into a hurricane crashing into the Yucatan. South Pacific: New Zealand: Mount Tongariro volcano erupted for the first time in nearly a century on New Zealandís North Island, which was spewed with ash and rocks, and caused widespread road and flight disruptions. North Pacific: Tropical storm 12W strengthened into Typhoon Haikui headed toward China.

9th -- Last Quarter (18h 55m) LOW

Asia: Philippines: Heavy monsoon rains brought flooding that forced hundreds of thousands from their homes, damaged at least 3,000 homes, 80,000 sought out emergency shelters, and at least 19 were killed; Almost two thirds of the capital, Manila, was swamped by flood waters. China: Typhoon Haikui brought torrential rains that triggered damaging floods, causing more than 1.5 million in Zhejiang to leave their homes and killed at least three. Mideast: Iraq: A car bomb attack near the central town of Suwayrah, left 11 dead and 20 injuried, late on the 8th. Syria: Clashes continued in Aleppo as refugees continued to escape into Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon. North and Central America, and the Caribbean: After Hurricane Ernesto hit Mexico, and following the drenching of parts of Belize, Guatemala and Honduras, Ernesto downgraded into a tropical storm and again hit Mexico bringing strong winds and flooding to several areas of the southern Gulf coast. Mexico: Police found the bodies of 14 in an abandoned van outside the northern city of San Luis Potosi -- they were kidknapped and then killed by one of Mexico's violent drug-trafficking gangs.

12th-13th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Mideast: Iran: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake (08/11; 12:23:18) was followed by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake (08/11; 12:34:35) near the city of Tabriz totally destroying more than 20 villages, and severely damaging hundreds more, while leaving 306 dead and more than 3,000 injuried. These quakes were followed by another 10 aftershocks ranging from 4.3 to 5.3 in magnitude. Syria: Clashes between government forces and the opposition continued, especially around Aleppo, though reporting from the region was sparse due to the danger. Africa: Egypt: The Egyptian army raided the Sinai peninsula killing at least 6 suspected militant gunmen. South Africa: Clashes between rival unions at a platnium mine left 9 dead. Nigeria: Nigerian troops killed 20 suspected members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram. Europe: Spain: A wildfire that began on the 6th consumed large tracts of the Canary Islands forcing the exodus of 910, making the total more than 5,000 evacuees since the 9th. Asia: China: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck the Xinjiang-Xizang Border (08/12; 10:47:06). North America: US: A lone gunman, in the city of College Station, Texas, killed 3 and injuried 4. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR1540 erupted on the 11th, producing a long-duration M1-class solar flare.

17th -- New Moon (15h 54m) LOW

Mideast: Syria: Clashes between government forces and the opposition continued, as at least 60 charred bodies were discovered at a rubbish dump outside Qatana, near Damascus, which were the result of a "massacre" by government forces. An additional 200 or more were killed throughtout the country. Iraq: A barrage of shootings and bombings, typical of al Qaeda, killed more than 93 and injuried more than 270 across the country on the 16th and 17th. Palestine: A fire-bomb was thrown at a taxi in the West Bank, injuring at least six. Gunmen attacked a military air base that lead to a fierce firefight that killed 9 on the 16th. Asia: Pakistan: A sectarian attack in the north left at least 25 dead, as Shia Muslims were forced out of a bus and killed. India: An exodus from northeastern cities of at least 7,000 people was triggered by a text message of retalitory strikes due to clashes in the Assam state; this added to the more than 300,000 people that fled after fighting between indigenous Bodo tribes and Muslim settlers. Afghanistan: An Afghan local defense militia opened fire on his American allies and killed two. North Vietnam: Typhoon Kai-Tak made landfall, bringing intense rain and strong winds. Indonesia: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit the island of Sulawesi (08/18; 09:41:54), killing at least 6, wounding at least 46, and destroyed or damaged buildings and homes. Africa: South Africa: Police opened fire on striking miners killing 34, wounding 78 and arresting 259 on various charges. North America: Mexico: Tropical Storm Helene formed with sustained winds of 45 mph (72 kph) and headed for the Gulf Coast with heavy rains. Atlantic: Tropical Storm Gordon was on a path to hit the Azores and was expected to have impacts on Ireland and the United Kingdom thereafter. Solar Activity: A sunspot on the Sun's northeastern limb erupted with impulsive C- and M-class solar flares; the region was expected to turn towards Earth in the following days.

20th-21st -- Mid-Phase LOW

Eurasia: Turkey: A bomb attack in the southeast, in the city of Gaziantep, left at least 9 dead and at least 69 injuried. Asia: North Vietnam: Typhoon Kai-Tak, which made landfall on the 17th, concluded on the 20th with 27 dead, damaging nearly 12,000 houses and flooding 56,800 acres (23,000 hectares) of cropland. Pacific: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit near the north coast of New Guinea late on the 19th (08/19; 22:41:51). Europe: Russia: A bomb blast in Ingueshetia, during a funeral, left 8 police dead on the 19th. South American: Venezulea: Two heavily armed groups fought inside the Yare I prison, leaving at least 25 dead. Colombia: An oil pipeline was blown up near the city of Tumaco, killing 3 on the 19th; the Farc rebel group was blamed for the attack. Mideast: Syria: Government forces brought heavy shelling around the country, especially Aleppo, killing at least 30. Lebanon: Fighting between opponents and supporters of Syria's president took place in Tripoli, killing 3 and injuring at least 25. Atlantic and Caribbean: Tropical Storm Isaac developed early on the 21st in the Atlantic and was predicted to hit the Caribbean as a hurricane, and later, Florida.

24th -- First Quarter (13h 54m) MODERATE

Asia: Pakistan and India: Heavy monsoon rains triggered flash floods and landslides that killed at least 21, stranded thousands, and damaged or destroyed homes, buildings and roads. Pakistan: A US drone attack killed at least 16 suspected militants in the northwestern tribal area. China: A newly-built, multi-million dollar bridge collpased killing 3 and injuring 5. Mideast: Syria: The government-opposition conflict intensified causing the toll of refugees entering Turkey, Iraq, Lebanon and Jordan to swell to more than 200,000. Lebanon: Renewed sectarian fighting, fueled by the conflict in Syria, left 3 dead in Tripoli. Caribbean: Tropical Storm Isaac unleashed flooding rain on eastern and southern Puerto Rico, prompting the opening of 428 emergency shelters, swelling rivers, unleashing mudslides and destroying at least one bridge. Afterward Isaac strengthened and hit Haiti and the Dominican Republic with heavy rain, strong winds, and flooding with about 400,000 Haitians still living in makeshift camps after a deadly earthquake in 2010. When Issac had hit Haiti, it caused extensive flooding, destroyed houses, downed powerlines and killed at least 19. Issac then moved on with very heavy rain and thunderstorms slamming eastern Florida, and prompting creeks, streams and rivers to overflow, and causing extensive flooding. The storm would later become a hurricane and hit the Gulf Coast causing extensive damage and flooding, and disrupting the Republican National Convention. North America: US: A disgruntled former employee of a clothing company began shooting in front of the Empire State Building, killing 2 and wounding 8. In Chicago a night of mayhem involving seven attacks left 19 dead from gun battles, as the city's gun violence epidemic continued.

27th-28th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: Mass killings by government troops in the Damascus suburb of Daraya left more than 320 dead. The Free Syrian Army shot down a military helicopter firing at people in the northeast district of Jobarover, near the capital, Damascus. The following day a car bomb exploded at a funeral in the Jaramana suburb of Damascus, killing 12. Europe: Russia: A bomb blast in the volatile North Caucasus republic of Dagestan, killed a leading Islamic scholar and at least 5 others. Asia: South Korea: Typhoon Bolaven hit with heavy rains, strong winds and forceful waves -- wind gusts reached as high as 161 mph (259 kph) when is raked the Japanese Island of Okinawa and Taiwan. Its wind speeds and breath (20 times the length of Okinawa) put it in the "super typhoon" category. At least 31 Chinese fishermen were missing after their boats sank when the typhoon hit South Korea. Some of the fishermen were rescued, 5 perished and another 10 were missing and beleived dead. Afghanistan: Taliban insurgents in the southern Helmand province, killed 17 for reportedly attending a party with a mix of males and females. In addition, 10 Afghan army soldiers were killed in a Taliban attack in the same province, and elsewhere two US soldiers were shot dead by an Afghan National Army soldier. India: More violence broke out in Assam, killing one and injuring at least 5. Africa: South Sudan: An ambush by rebel fighters left at least 24 South Sudanese soldiers dead. Niger: Weeks of rain brought heavy flooding that killed at least 65, left 125,000 homeless, and destroyed 10,000 homes. Kenya: Two days of riots, triggered after a radical Muslim cleric was killed, spawned violence as a grenade was thrown at a police truck killing one and injuring others. South America: Venezuela: A fire at the country's largest oil refinery, caused by an explosion on the 26th spread to a third tank on the 27th, killing at least 48. Central America: El Salvador: A 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast (08/27; 04:37:20), prompting a tsunami warning. North America: US Gulf of Mexico: Tropical Storm Isaac continued to better organize, becoming a hurricane with sustained winds of 80mph (130kph) as it hit the coast of Louisiana, taking the same path as Hurricane Katrina did and hit New Orleans to the date 7 years later. Storm surges, tornadoes, and heavy rain plaqued not only Lousiana, but also Mississippi and Alabama. In some spots more than 20 inches (51 cm) rain fell. US: More than 100 earthquakes ranging from 2.5 to 5.3 in magnitude, and hundreds more of lesser magnitude, shook southern California.

31st -- Full Moon (13h 58m) MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: Fighting between regime forces and the opposition took place in Aleppo, Homs and Daraa, leaving at least 30 regime soldiers dead. Some shells fired landed in the region of Akkar, in northern Lebanon, damaging 3 villages. Asia: Pakistan: A car bomb exploded in a busy market in the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing at least 11. Phillipines: A 7.6 magnitude earthquake (08/31; 12:47:34) struck off the eastern island of Samar, prompting tsunami evacuations. Described as being long and violent, it damaged roads, bridges and powerlines, and killed at least one. It was followed by 11 aftershocks ranging from 4.9 to 5.5 in magnitude. Africa: Cameroon: Prolonged, heavy rainfall along with the release of water by the Lagdo hydroelectricity dam caused the Benoue River to burst its banks, killing at least 14, affecting over 22,000, and destroying crops of millet, sorghum and rice -- the standing water could spread cholera and malaria. North America: US: Downgraded to a tropical depression, Isaac unleashed more drenching downpours over the Ohio Valley and Midwest, and spawned more tornadoes. Atlantic: Torpical storm Leslie began a course that will take it into the Caribbean and possibly the eastern US, bringing with it heavy rain, gusty winds and storm surges -- it appears that the next day it will become a hurricane. Solar Activity: The Sun's southeastern limb magnetic fields produced C- and M-class solar flares and a coronal mass ejection that lead to sudden ionospheric disturbances.


3rd-4th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Mideast: Yemen: A US drone targeting al Qaeda suspects missed its target, killing 13 civilians instead. Syria: An air strike in Aleppo killed more than 25, a bomb in Damascus killed 5, and elsewhere in Syria more than 100 were killed by government forces. More than 200,000 Syrians have fled the country as the conflict escalates with most seeking refuge in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon, and now Egypt as well. Asia: Pakistan: An explosives- filled car crashed into a US Consulate car in the city of Peshawar, injuring at least 19 and killing at least 3; the extent of injuries and deaths were unknown. North Korea: Typhoon Bolaven battered the nation, killing at least 48, the injuried and missing rose to at least 50, and thousands of homes and buildings and at least 50,000 hectares (123,550 acres) of farmland suffered severe damage. Afghanistan: A suicide bomber attacked a funeral in the east, killed at least 25 and wounded at least 50; the Taliban is suspected. Indonesia: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake hit south of Java (09/03; 18:23:04). Europe: Northern Ireland: Three days of disorder -- beginning on the 2nd -- between Catholics and Protestants in Belfast, left more than 50 police injuried, as gasoline bombs, fireworks, bricks, bottles and other objects were thrown at police. Turkey: Security forces were attacked by Kurdish rebels close to the border with Iraq and Syria, killing at least 10 security forces, and at least 20 militants were also killed in the province of Sirnak. Africa: Madagascar: Villagers in southern Madagascar killed more than 60 suspected cattle rustlers, using stones, axes and spears. In a separate incident, suspected cattle thieves clashed with security forces, killing at least 10. Mali: Islamist rebels took over Bamako, a town in the middle of the country, as unrest continued. Kenya and Somalia: The Kenyan navy shelled Kismayo, the main Somali city controlled by militant Islamist group al-Shabab; the city is known for financing and arming the al-Qaeda affiliate. Tunisia: Salafists, hardline Muslims, attacked a hotel in the town of Sidi Bouzid because its bar still served alcohol. North America: US: The remnants of Hurricane Issac spawned tornadoes, thunderstorms and flooding as it continued to move north. Central America: Guatemala: The Fuego volcano erupted spewing lava and plumes of ash into the air. Costa Rica: A 7.6 magnitude quake occurred beneath the Nicoya peninsula, killing two (09/05; 14:42:08). South Pacific: The Santa Cruz Islands were rocked by a 6.0 magnitude earthquake (09/05; 13:09:08). Atlantic: Tropical storm Leslie began to organize and was expected to hit Bermuda as a Category 2 hurricane later in the week. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection hit Earth sparking northern circumpolar electrical ground currents, auroras and a geomagnetic storm. Sunspot AR1564 grew rapidly and developed a magnetic field that could trigger M-class flares.

8th -- Last Quarter (13h 15m) HIGH

North America: US: A powerful cold front brought heavy rain, high winds and two tornadoes to New York City -- one of which was a waterspout with winds up to 70 mph (113 kph) that hit land and became a tornado in Queens, and the other tornado hit Brooklyn with winds of 110 mph (177 kph). Many of the surrounding states were under a tornado watch, and heavy thunderstorms also swept through Washington, DC. Tornadoes are rare in New York. Mideast: Syria: Government and opposition forces fought in Aleppo and Damascus, killing at least 178. A Syria rocket made its way across the border into Iraq, killing a little girl. Yemen: A US drone strike killed 5 suspected al Qaeda militants in the village of Al-Ain. Asia: China: Moderate earthquakes hit the mountainous southwestern on the 7th, killing at least 80 people, injuring at least 800, and forcing tens of thousands to leave damaged buildings. Afghanistan: In an area with a number of foreign embassies a suicide bomber killed 6 and wounded 4 near the headquarters of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force. Indonesia: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck near Papua (09/08; 10:51:43). Africa: Egypt: Government forces fought against jihadis in the volatile Sinai peninsula, killing at least 32, arresting 38 and destroying 31 tunnels connecting Gaza and Egypt. Nigeria: The army killed 7 suspected members of the Islamist militant group Boko Haram, and 13 were arrested after an attack on an army checkpoint in Maiduguri. Sudan: The army killed 32 insurgents who attacked a village in the western Darfur region, and 45 rebels were killed in a village in South Kordofan, near South Sudan's border on the 7th. Central America: Guatemala: The Fuego volcano erupted again, this time causing 3,000 to evacuate with expectations that another 20,000 may have to evacuate soon.

11th-12th -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Mideast: Yemen: A suicide car-bomber targeting Major General Muhammad Nasir Ahmad took place near his government offices in central Sanaa, but while the attack missed him it killed 11 and caused extensive damages. Libya and Egypt: Angry protesters attacked the embassies in both countries as a response to an online video depicting Muslim Prophet Mohammed unfavorably, killing 4 Americans in Libya. The following day (13th) the protests spread to Yemen, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Sudan, Tunisia and Morocco. Syria: Renewed shelling of Aleppo and other cities by government forces left at least 171 dead. Asia: Pakistan: A fire at a shoe factory in Lahore killed 23 and a blaze at a garment factory in Karachi killed at least 289. Afghanistan: An attack on the Bagram air force base killed 3. A suicide attack in the city of Kunduz killed 16, including 11 policemen, and wounded 20. Turkey: A suicide bomber attacked a police station in Istanbul, killing at least one police officer and wounding 4, on the 10th. Africa: Kenya: Violent clashes raged between the Pokomo and Orma tribes who set homes on fire causing hundreds to flee into the remote Tana Delta region, the numbered killed was unknown, but included men, women and children, as well as 7 policemen. This came a day after at least 38 were killed in the southeast of the country, as more than 300, many with spears and machetes, demolished a village. Somalia: The country's new president escaped an apparent assassination attempt in Mogadishu that killed 4 soldiers and 2 suicide bombers. North America: Canada: After a 12-day journey through the Atlantic and skirting Bermuda, Huricane Leslie buffeted Newfoundland with a storm surge, pounding waves, flooding rain, and high winds, causing extensive damages. US: Heavy rains affected many areas in the southwest, as Las Vegas was flooded by 2 inches (5 cm) of rain in less than an hour, a dike was breached in Santa Clara, Utah causing extensive flooding, drenching thunderstorms pushed across the Four Corners region, and flash flooding took place in Colorado and New Mexico. Atlantic: Tropical Depression 14 formed, and strengthened into Tropical Storm Nadine, but did not appear to be a threat to any landmass. Pacific: A new tropical depression formed in the East Pacific and strengthened into Tropical Storm Kristy. Astronomical Event: Jupiter: A bright white flash appeared on the gas giant's cloudtops, suggesting to some that a small asteroid or comet hit the planet. Or was it the ejection of ionizing radiation, as there was no impact debris?

16th -- New Moon (2h 11m) HIGH

Asia: Pakistan: A roadside bomb targeting a passenger van in the Lower Dir district near the village of Bunr, killed 14 and injuried 6. Afghanistan: Insurgents in US Army uniforms staged a daring, well-planned raid on Camp Bastion, killing at least 2 US Marines, destroying 6 jets and 6 refueling stations and damaging 6 aircraft hangars. A NATO airstrike in Laghman province, targeting a group of about 45 hostile insurgents, killed 8 women civliians, wounded another 7, and killed at least 14 insurgents. An attack involving suspected Afghan police killed 4 NATO soliders. Japan: Typhoon Sanba raked over Okinawa with an eye more than half the size of the island, sustained winds of 120 mph (194 kph) and wind gusts about 149 mph (241 kph), afterwhich it headed directly toward South Korea. Indonesia: Mount Gamalama, a volcano in the Molucca Islands, unleashed two strong eruptions, sending volcanic ash as high as nearly 2/3 of a mile (1 km). China: Sporadic, violent protests against Japanese businesses broke out across the country as they bought islands that are claimed by China. Africa: Egypt: An attack in al-Arish set off fighting between suspected Islamist militants and security forces in surrounding streets, killing at least one policeman and injuring 3 others. Libya: Authorities arrested about 50 as responsible for the deadly attack on the US embassy in Benghazi. Cameroon: Heavy rain and flooding left at least 30 dead, displaced at least 26,000, and destroyed homes, crops, barns, and livestock. Europe: Turkey: A roadside bomb in the southern province of Bingol killed 8 police officers -- the attack was blamed on Kurdistan Workers' Party militants. Russia: Tens of thousands of demonstrators marched through Moscow on the 15th in a major protest against President Putin, citing his March election and December's parliamentary elections as fraudulent. Spain and Portugal: Tens of thousands demonstrated in protest of spending cuts and tax rises in the debt-ridden countries. Atlantic: Hurricane Nadine continued west and may become a threat to the Azores. Pacific: Tropical Storm Lane continued to stregthen and was expected to become a hurricane. North America: US: A rare and powerful storm slammed into south-central Alaska with sustained winds of 60 mph (97 kph), gusts up to 100 mph (161 kph) causing wind damage, and heavy rain triggered floods -- leaving behind extensive property damage.

19th-20th -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: Government planes targeted a northern town, hitting a gas station and causing an explosion that killed at least 55. Another 15 were killed at a regional security headquarters in Raqqa province near the border with Turkey, and at least another 5 were killed by shelling in Aleppo -- a total of 250 were killed throughout the country. Israel-Palestine: An Israeli air strike in the Gaza Strip killed at least 2 members of the ruling Hamas security forces, causing violence to flare up across the Israel-Gaza border. Asia: Pakistan: Police clashed with thousands of protesters demonstrating against the video that mocked Islam, near the capital, Islamabad, outside the US embassy. Phillipines: A shanty town was demolished to make way for a commercial development, leaving hundreds of families in eastern Manila homeless -- alternative housing was refused by many, citing that it was in a landslide-prone area. Africa: Somalia: Two suicide bombers inside a packed teahouse near Mogadishu, killed at least 14. South America: Venezuela: A lightning bolt hit two storage tanks sparking a fire at the El Palito refinery; it was unknown how many were killed or injuried. Less than a month ago an explosion at Venezuela's largest refinery left more than 40 dead. Paraguay: A powerful storm killed 5 and left 81 injured, and destroyed homes, leaving thousands homeless. North America: US: Alaska was hit with another massive storm with 90 mph (145 kph) winds, and record rainfall spawned record flood levels in rivers and creeks; extensive damage resulted. Atlantic: Tropical Storm Nadine remained nearly stationary southwest of the Azores, bringing squalls, rough seas and heavy rain. Solar Activity: Three coronal mass ejections exploded away from the Sun's far side and away from Earth.

22nd -- First Quarter (19h 41m) and Autumnal Equinox MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: Government forces continued an aerial assault on the cities of Aleppo, Homs and elsewhere; no reports of how many were killed. Meanwhile, the opposition's Free Syrian Army moved its command center from Turkey to a captured area in Syria. Israel and Egypt: A clash inside Israel near its southern border with Egypt, left an Israeli solider and 3 militants dead. Asia: Nepal: An avalanche on Manaslu, an Himilaya mountain, killed at least 11, with between 15 and 38 missing. Thailand: A bomb exploded near a market in the Sai Buri district of Pattani province, killing at least 6 and injuring at least 40, on the 21st. Africa: Nigeria: A suicide bomber attacked a church in Bauchi, killing at least 2 and injuring 48. Europe: United Kingdom: Winds of up to 60 mph (97 kph) and heavy rain hit the north of England, south of Scotland, and northern Ireland, prompting 60 flood warnings. North America: Mexico: About 1,000 troops and federal police were deployed to a suburb of Mexico City to combat escalating drug violence among rival drug gangs. US: Florida was hit with heavy rain from thunderstorms that caused widespread flooding in Miami. Atlantic: Nadine had weakened earlier and then became a tropical storm again with 60 mph (97 kph) winds 515 miles (830 km) south of the Azores. Solar Activity: Sunspot 1575 developed a magnetic field harboring energy for M-class solar flares.

25th-26th -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

Asia: Pakistan: Heavy monsoon flooding took place in the provinces of Balochistan and Sindh, destroying more than 120,000 homes, leaving about 500,000 homeless, killing at least 422 and injuring nearly 3,000. India: Monsoon triggered floods hit the state of Assam, leaving nearly 1.5 million to abandon their homes, drowning at least 11, and causing widespread destruction. Mideast: Syria: A building, near a branch of Military Intelligence, used as a base by a pro-government militia and government forces, a Pentagon-like military facility in Damascus, was bombed with two large explosions by opposition forces, killing 4 and wounding 14, as 298 civilians and opposition forces were killed nationwide. Europe: Turkey: A bomb attack shook the city of Tunceli, killing 7; the target was a military vehicle. Spain: Clashes took place between police and protesters who tried to tear down barriers blocking access to the parliament in Madrid; the protesters were demostrating against a threat that the government cannot honor its debt liabilities. Greece: Like Spain, thousnads of protesters filled the streets while some protesters threw Molotov cocktails in Syntagma Square, opposite the parliament building. In addition, trade unions called a 24-hour general strike to also oppose the new austerity measures. United Kingdom: Heavy rain continued across parts of the UK flooding homes, closing roads and disrupting train services. There were 83 flood warnings in England and Wales, and 139 less serious flood alerts, while in Scotland, there were flood warnings in five regions, and Northern Ireland was warned of persistent rain and gales that led to flooding. The following day the floods came after the most intense storms in decades bumped heavy rains and damamged thousands of homes. The storm also churned up feet of sea foam covering a Scotland town. Africa: Nigeria: The army swept an area in the northeast against the Boko Haram group, killing 35 of the militants believed responsible for the church bombing during the last lunar phase (see the 22nd). Somalia: A Kenyan soldier, advancing towards the al-Shabab stronghold of Kismayo, killed 7 civilians. The following day Kenya military jets bombed the airport in the city of Kismayo, destroying an armory and warehouse used by the Islamist militants, the al-Qaeda aligned group al-Shabab. North America: US-Mexico: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit the Gulf of California (09/25; 23:45:26). Mexico: Tropical Storm Miriam began to move into Baja California and was forcast to contribute to heavy rain and flooding later in Mexico and the US. A shootout in Guerrero state, left 10 suspected gang members and a Mexican soldier dead. US: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake shook the Andreanof Islands, part of the Aleutian Islands, Alaska (09/26; 23:39:55). Arctic: Sea ice melted to its lowest level since record-keeping began in 1979. Solar Activity: A farside sunspot that exploded with a bright coronal mass ejection into space on the 23rd began rotating onto the Earthside of the Sun, and appeared to be a strong active region with a possible threat to Earth.

30th -- Full Moon (3h 19m) MAXIMUM

Mideast: Iraq: Seven explosions in and around Baghdad, killed 20 and wounded 37, and a car bomb exploded near a Shiite shrine in al-Madaan, killing 4 and injuring 19; a total of 32 were killed throughout Iraq. Syria: Fires swept though ancient markets in Aleppo, as government forces and the opposition sought to gain control of city. Between 700 and 1,000 shops were destroyed beginning on the 29th. Asia: Afghanistan: A firefight, probably involving insurgent forces, killed 3 Afghan soldiers and 2 Americans, and injuried several. Japan: Typhoon Jelawat struck the island of Okinawa, injuring at least 50, knocking out power for 271,400 households, and wrecking havoc with sustained winds of over 105 mph (169 kph). The typhoon headed for other Japanese islands and quickly hit the mainland. Europe: Spain: Severe storms battered the country, as heavy rains triggered flash floods in the south, which overturned cars, closed roads and railways, damaged bridges and homes, washed away livestock, and 100's fled their properties, and killing at least 10 in Malaga, Almeria and Murcia. A rare tornado struck a fairground, injuring 35 people, 15 seriously. The heavy rains and thunderstorms continued for days, beginning on the 29th. Africa: Kenya: A grenade attack on a church's Sunday school in Nairobi, left one child dead and injuried three. Kenya/Somalia: Kenya military forces launched airstrikes against the al Qaeda-linked militant group Al-Shabaab driving them out of the Somalian port city of Kismayo. South Sudan: A rebel ambush on South Sudanese troops heightened tensions causing the residents of the towns of Lekwongole and Gumuruk to flee into the bush, amid the escalating violence. South America: Venezuela: Three opposition activists were gunned down during a campaign rally, just a week before the presidential elections. Colombia: A 7.3 magnitude earthquake hit near Isnos in the Andes (09/30; 16:31:36). Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection hit Earth's magnetic field, triggering geomagnetic storms and aurora.


3rd-4th -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Mideast: Syria/Turkey: Akcakale, a town in southeastern Turkey's Urfa province, was shelled by Syria, killing 5. In response, Turkey shelled a military center in Syria 2 days in a row, and authorized its military forces to go beyond its borders into nearby countries. Iran: Riot police clashed with protesters setting tires and garbage cans on fire in Tehran over sharp falls in the country's currency, many were arrested and money exchanges were closed. Bahrain: Police and a funeral procession clashed over the death of a man who was held in prison and died of sickle cell anemia, protesters threw rocks and Molotov cocktails as police used water cannons to disperse the marchers. Lebanon: A blast occurred at a depot used to store unexploded Israeli weapons, south of Baalbek, killing as many as 9 and injuring an undisclosed number of people. Africa: Nigeria: Dangerous animals, including crocodiles, snakes and hippos, made their way into homes and communities after devastating flooding forced hundreds of thousands from their homes; Hundreds also died in the worst flooding in decades. Darfur: An ambush in Sudan's western Darfur region, left 4 Peacekeepers dead and 8 wounded. Liberia: More than 60 inmates escaped from a jail in the southeastern city of Zwedru, escaping into the forested area that borders Ivory Coast -- an area where tens of thousands of refugees had fled violence in 2010, and where attacks by Liberia took place in recent months. Asia: China: A landslide buried 18 elementary school students and a villager in the southwest of Bejing, after several days of rain in Yiliang county, Yunnan province, killing at least 18 and another 9 missing; The school and two other buildings were destroyed. Atlantic: Hurricane Nadine continued to maintain its huricane strength near the Azores; Nadine began as a tropical depression on 9/11 and became a hurricane on 9/15, and may become the longest lived storm on record. Tropical Depression 15, Oscar, formed from a tropical wave about half way between Africa and the Lesser Antilles. A large non-tropical storm that later impacted the tropics was also gathering steam in the North Atlantic. Solar Activity: Sunspot 1583, on the farside of the Sun, was in a near-constant state of eruption, displaying magnetic instabilities as it sent off magnetized plasma into space on the 2nd. Earth-facing sunspots 1579 and 1582, so large they can be seen without telescopes, posed a small probability of flares.

8th -- Last Quarter (13h 15m) HIGH

Mideast: Israel/Palestine: The Israeli military struck back on the Gaza Strip after Palestinian militants fired about 50 mortar rounds and rockets into Israel, killing 1 and injuring 8; The military wings of Hamas and Islamic Jihad claimed the strike was in response to an Israeli attack on the 7th. Syria/Turkey: Turkey again returned fire on Syria after a mortar landed in the border village of Akcakale. Syria: Fighting intensified in Aleppo, with fierce battles in two opposition-held neighborhoods where warplanes were bombarding the districts of Bab al-Hadid and Shaar. Syrian forces also struck areas in Damascus and Homs. Deaths and injuries were not reported. Asia: Indonesia: Mount Lokon in North Sulawesi province erupted, spewing ash more than 4,900 feet (1,500 m) into the air, as lava swept down the volcano; Residents of nearby villages were told to stay indoors and be ready for a possible evacuation. Southeast Asia: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake shook the Banda Sea (10/08; 11:43:35), followed by six aftershocks ranging from 4.0 to 4.9 magnitudes. Africa: Nigeria: Nigerian troops fired on and burnt buildings in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, killing 30 civilians; A bomb blast targeting the army, that injured 2 soldiers, prompted the shootings. The militant Islamist group Boko Haram engaged in a gun battle with Nigerian troops in the northeast, killing 30 of the militants, on the 7th. Sudan: Rebels attacked the capital of the South Kordofan state, killing at least 5 and injuring 23. Somalia: The African Union and Somali troops secured Wanla Weyn, a town formerly held by Islamic militants, about 55 miles (90km) from Mogadishu. North America: US/Mexico: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake hit the Gulf of Mexico (10/08; 06:26:22). US: After a number of record highs in previous days, a sudden cooling brought 643 record lows and heavy snowfalls in a number of places throughout the nation. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection shook Earth's magnetic field, producing a moderate geomagnetic storm (Kp=6), as the Northern Lights reached as far south as Kansas, Utah and Colorado in the USA.

11th-12th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Asia: Pakistan: A US drone attack on a compound in the northwest tribal region killed 10 suspected militants and injuried 6. Europe: United Kingdom: An hour of heavy rain brought flash floods to a Devon coastal village, damaging homes and streets. Torrential rain lead the Scottish Environment Protection Agency to post 45 flood warnings, as roads and buildings were damaged. Indonesia: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck near the south coast of Papua (10/12; 00:31:30), and was followed by two 4.9 aftershocks. Mideast: Syria: The 11th brought one of the bloodiest days, killing about 250 throughout Syria. The following day opposition forces took an air defense base from government forces near the city of Aleppo, and then the government began to shell the base with planes, and destroyed most of the rockets and radars inside. The planes then shelled many districts inside Aleppo and the countryside, killing and injuring an undisclosed number. Africa: Egypt: Clashes erupted in Cairo after the release of suspects in a 2011 attack on opposition demonstrators, thousands threw rocks and Molotov cocktails, injuring at least 121. Kenya: Two blasts struck the Eastleigh residential district in the capital, Nairobi, wounding at least one police officer; the area targeted had a predominantly Somali population and the blasts were blamed on Somali militants. North America: US: A strong storm system brought hail, flash flooding and waterspouts to Southern California, and caused a massive mudslide that closed I-10, afterwhich the storm moved into the Four-Corners region bringing high mountain snows and heavy rains that flooded valleys in Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico. Severe weather also hit the southern Plains with large hail, damaging wind gusts, and a few tornadoes. Atlantic: Tropical Depression 16 strengthened into Tropical Storm Patty. Tropical Depression 17 strengthened into Tropical Storm Rafael in the Eastern Caribbean bringing strong winds and tropical storm conditions across the lesser Antilles and the Virgin Islands with nearly a foot of rain in some areas that triggered life-threatening flash-floods and mudslides. Rafael would continue to hit Puerto Rico, Culebra and Vieques. Austrailia: Heavy snow fell in the middle of spring, blanketing areas near Sydney -- it was the coldest day in October in more than 40 years. Solar Activity: Sunspots formed on the farside of the Sun and some of them turned toward Earth.

15th -- New Moon (12h 02m) MODERATE

Mideast: Iraq: A series of gun and bomb attacks targeted security forces in the north, killing atleast 6 and injuring at least 26. Libya: An outbreak of 120 inmates took place at the al-Judaida prison in the capital, Tripoli; half were recaptured that day. Europe: Portugal: The government revealed its draft budget for 2013, one of the harshest in the country's recent history, sparking protests outside the parliment. Asia: Pakistan: Dozens of militants attacked a police checkpoint in the northwest, killing at least 5 policemen and set fire to the checkpoint and two police vehicles. South America: Brazil: About 2,000 police officers backed by armored cars and helicopters moved in to take control of two Rio de Janeiro slums known for the trafficking of crack cocaine, on the 14th. Peru: An ambush by suspected left-wing rebels in the southern jungle region of Cusco left two policemen dead, on the 14th. Atlantic: After striking the Caribbean, Hurricane Rafael became a tropical storm, but then again became a Category 1 hurricane as it struck Bermuda with flooding rain, strong winds, pounding surf and mudslides. Pacific: Hurricane Paul rapidly strengthened to a Category 3 Hurricane headed for the Baja California peninsula where it dumped heavy rain and strong winds, and then weakened. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream, ignited a G1-class geomagnetic storm that lasted more than 15 hours. An active sunspot, over the Sun's northeastern limb, exploded with a coronal mass ejection directed away from Earth.

18th-19th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: Goverment air strikes hit opposition-held towns in Idlib and Aleppo provinces killing more than 230. Lebanon: A massive car bomb attack in central Beirut killed at least 8 and injuried 80, and destroyed buildings and vehicles. Yemen: Seven suspected al-Qaeda members were killed by a US drone strike. The following day an attack on a military base in the south killed at least 14 soldiers and 12 al-Qaeda militants. Turkey: Kurdish rebels bombed a natural gas pipeline in east, injuring 28 Turkish soldiers. Europe: France and Spain: Very heavy rain hit the south of France and the north and east of Spain, bringing 4 to 12 inches (100-300 mm) of rain and extensive flooding. Greece: Tens thousands of people welding stones and gasoline bombs protested across the country against the next stage of spending cuts required for another financial-bailout payment; a countrywide strike also shut down much of the country's transportation network. Asia: Afghanistan: A massive roadside bomb blast killed at least 18 and injuried 15 as they headed for a wedding. India: A gunmen opened fire in a hotel on the outskirts of Srinagar in Indian-administered Kashmir, killing one and injuring several. Africa: Libya: Militias allied to the army shelled the hilltop town of Bani Walid, killing at least 5 and wounding dozens in the ensuing clashes. Nigeria: Nigerian soldiers and Islamist militants in the northeastern town of Potiskum began fighting that would last for days (see the next Lunar Phase). Central America: Panama: Hours after the National Assembly approved legislation that would allow the sale of land in the duty-free zone of Colon -- also affecting jobs -- hundreds of demonstrators burned tires and clashed with police. South America: Peru: Heavy rains triggered a landslide of mud and rocks that smashed into the village of El Porvenir in the province of San Martin, destroying homes and a bridge, and killed at least 11, while another 10 were missing; A flooded river was hindering rescue efforts. Colombia: An attack took place in a Farc rebel stronghold in the Putumayo region, near the border with Ecuador, killing 5 Colombian soldiers. North America: US: A series of severe storms, including 13 tornadoes, 50 to 60 mph (80-97 kph) winds and golf-ball-sized hail, swept through the Mississippi Valley and the South; there were more than 100 reports of severe weather, hail and wind damage. In South Florida streets were flooded as the tides rose more than usual -- climate change was seen as the reason. Solar Activity: A medium-speed solar wind buffeted the Earth's magnetic field for two days, igniting auroras around the Arctic Circle and inducing electrical currents in the ground. New sunspot AR1598 sent off an M9-flare on the 20th, producing a bright flash of extreme Ultra-Violet radiation that sent a wave of ionization through the Earth's upper atmosphere, and temporarily disturbing the transmission of low-frequency radio signals around Europe and North America.

22nd -- First Quarter (3h 32m) MODERATE

Mideast: Kuwait: Police used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse protesters of a new law that dissolved a parliament dominated by opposition groups, injuring dozens. Palestine/Israel: Israeli air strikes on the northern Gaza Strip killed two Palestinian militants who were targeted after they fired mortars at an Israeli ground patrol. Libya: Fighting in the town of Bani Walid between pro-government militia and gunmen in the former leader Muammar Gaddafi's bastion left at least 22 dead and 200 injuried. Lebanon: Fighting broke out in several areas, following the killing of a senior security official on the 19th, the fighting continued into the 22nd with the worst clashes in Tripoli, killing at least 3 and injuring dozens; Opposition figures blamed the attack on the Syrian government. Iraq: A car bomb and mortar attacks in predominantly Shia districts of Baghdad left at least 9 dead on the 23rd. Europe: Kosovo: Police fired tear gas in a clash with protesters angered by recent talks aimed at improving relations with Serbia, at least 20 were injuried, and dozens were arrested. Asia: Burma: Fighting between Muslims and Buddhists in the western state of Rakhine left at least 3 dead and at least 300 homes were burnt to the ground in a number of villages. Africa: Nigeria: Nigerian soldiers and Islamist militants -- the Boko Haram -- in the northeastern town of Potiskum continued fighting (see previous Lunar Phase), killing at least 31 and causing hundreds of residents to flee the country. Guinea-Bissau: Gunmen attacked an army barracks, killing at least 6 "rebels." South Africa: A bomb blast intended to aid an escape attempt from a prison van in Johannesburg, killed three. North Atlantic: Carribean: Tropical Depression 18 strengthened into Tropical Storm Sandy heading for Jamaica, Hispaniola, eastern Cuba and the Bahamas where it would strengthen into a hurricane; It is possible that it would later parallel the US coast from Florida to the Carolinas. Tropical Depression 19 formed about 750 miles (1,210 km) east-northeast of the Leeward Islands and headed north. North America: US: A storm system pounded northern California bringing the first significant snowfall to the southern Cascades, Northern Coastal Range and Sierra Nevada, and heavy rain into the valleys and coasts. A rare tornado hit north of Sacramento, and steady wind gusts of 15 to 25 mph (24-40 kph), and occasional 50 mph (80 kph) gusts accompanied the snow. Solar Activity: New sunspot AR1598 emitted C- and M-class solar flares and also produced at least one bright Coronal Mass Ejection that was directed away from Earth. The following day sunspot AR1598 blasted a strong X1-class solar flare that created waves of ionization in the upper atmosphere over Asia and Australia, and may have also produced high-frequency radio blackouts at high latitudes.

25th-26th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Atlantic: Hurricane Sandy stregthened into a Category 2 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 114 mph (183 kph), after causing severe flooding along Cuba's southeast coast and damaging more than 3,000 homes. In Dominican Republic's capital, Santo Domingo, about 70% of the streets were flooded. Sandy then went on to blast the Bahamas, as torrential downpours, high winds and dangerous surf impacted Florida. At least 65 were killed in the Caribbean alone, as it tore through Cuba, Haiti and Jamaica. In the following days it remained off the eastern coastline of the US with torrential flooding rains, damaging winds, coastal erosion and snow as it headed for landfall in the Northeast with eventual impacts in the north from Norfolk to NYC and Boston to Philly. Sandy seemed to be heading for the Northeast at the same time as a massive cold front where the two could merge into what has been called a "Frankenstorm." Asia: Burma: Tensions remained high between ethnic Rakhine Buddhists and Muslims with renewed violence, leaving at least 64 dead, dozens wounded and thousands of homes burned to the ground since the clashes began on the 21st. Afghanistan: A man wearing an Afghan police uniform killed two US soliders in Khas Uruzgan, Uruzgan province. The following day a suicide bomber killed at least 41 and injuried more than 50 in Kabul. Mideast: Syria: Shattering what was supposed to be a ceasefire, a car bomb exploded in Damascus killing at least 5 and wounding more than 30. Throughout the country at least 60 were killed. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: A rebel ambush killed two rangers and a soldier in the famous Virunga National Park; 5 rebels were also killed in the clash. South America: Peru: A protest began over an attempt to relocate market traders and turned into a riot, killing one and injuring dozens in the capital of Lima.

29th -- Full Moon (19h 49m) LOW

North America: US: The extremely rare and dangerous Hurricane Sandy strengthened with sustained winds of 85 mph (137 kph) as it made landfall in the Northeastern US. Storm surges between 5 and 15 feet (1.5-5 m), accentuated by Full Moon tides, flooded wide stretches of coastline from North Carolina to southern New England eroding coastlines, and destroying buildings, docks and boats. The worst of the storm spread inland where it became a collossal Nor'easter/hurricane hydrid with wet snow combined with pounding hurricane-force winds that would wreck havoc in the billions from wind and flood damage. Waves near the coasts averaged 12 to 20 feet (3.5-6 m), while ocean waves well offshore ranged from 30 to 40 feet (9-12 m). Unlike a hurricane, tropical storm wind gusts extended out hundreds of miles from the center. Structures, powerlines and trees received widespread damage, and power outages would continue for more than a week. Boats were piled up on each other along the shore and inland, and a number of ships sunk. The death toll was at least 106 in the US, 70 in the Caribbean and two in Canada. Experts indicate that this is the costliest disaster in US history with losses amounting to more than 50 billion dollars in the US alone. An estimate 250,000 vechiles were also destroyed. Canada: The Queen Charolette Islands region was struck by 7.7 magnitude (10/28; 03:04:11) and 6.3 magnitude (10/28; 18:54:22) earthquakes, prompting a tsunami warning; A series of lesser quakes occurred after the 7.7 quake into the following two days. Asia: Phillipines/Vietnam: On the other side of the world from Sandy, powerful Tropical Storm Son-Tinh brought a trail of damage that killed at least 30. Winds were as strong as 83 mph (133 kph) -- hurricane force. Myanmar: The death toll from fighting between Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims continued to climb to at least 84, and at least 22,500 fled the area, as "large scale" destruction of houses continued to spread. Mideast: Syria: Again shattered the supposed ceasefire with two car bombings rocking Damascus, and along with the previous day had killed 110 and wounded 41, while creating widespread damage; At least 420 have been killed since the ceasefire began four days ago. Africa: Somalia: A top military commander and 4 soliders were killed in an ambush on the 28th. Solar Activity: A sunspot group over the Sun's southwestern limb slowly erupted on the 28th, releasing a coronal mass ejection into space away from Earth.


1st-2nd -- Mid-Phase LOW

Mideast: Syria: An array of explosives, from shells to vacuum and cluster bombs, fell on cities as the fighting continued with at least 149 dead. The opposition attacked and took over army checkpoints near Aleppo and Damascus killing 28 government troops and loosing 5 opposition fighters. Europe: Italy: Parts of Venice, including the famous San Marco Square, were flooded when water levels reached 55 inches (140 cm) above normal. Asia: India: Powerful Cyclone Nilam hit the southeastern coast with heavy rains and winds, killing at least 8, and forcing more than 8,000 to relocate. Pakistan: An attack in the Balochistan town of Khuzdar killed at least 18 after they opened fire at a gas station that then exploded. No group claimed responsibility for the attack, though Balochistan is a Taliban and al-Qaeda stronghold. Phillipines: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake shook Mindanao (11/02; 18:17:33). Africa: Nigeria: The military in Maiduguri shot dead dozens of teenagers believed to be associated with the Islamist militant group Boko Haram who have terrorized the region. South America: Colombia: An explosion took place during Halloween celebrations killing two and injuring more than 30; Apparently, the bomb went off before two gang members could reach the police station, assumed to be the intended target. North America: US: Conditions were developing that would bring more rain, snow and strong winds into the northeast region where Hurricane Sandy had brought devastation, bringing more destruction and misery. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection impacted the Earth's magnetic field sparking aurora and triggering circumpolar geomagnetic activity in the north, late on the 31st.

7th -- Last Quarter (0h 36m) LOW

North America: US: A new storm -- a nor'easter, typical of the season -- brought high winds with gust up to 60 mph (97 kph), heavy rain and snow to the region already devastated by Hurricane Sandy. Temperatures dropped with concerns that many would be affected by hypotermia, winds churned up coastal waves that flooded areas where Sandy had washed away protective dunes and sea walls, and snow blanketed many areas of the Northeast; The storm continued into the 8th. Canada: A 6.3 magnitude quake hit Vancouver Island (11/08; 02:01:51). Central American: Guatemala: A 7.4 magnitude quake hit off Guatemala's Pacific coast near its border with Mexico, killing at least 52, as 155 were injuried and more than 100 were missing. At least 10,000 buildings were destroyed and buildings shook from Mexico City to San Salvador. Dozens of aftershocks followed with four above a magnitude of 5. Mideast: Syria: Opposition forces attacked government facilities and strongholds in the capital, Damascus, killing dozens. Iraq: A car bomber hit the entrance to an army base near Baghdad, killing at least 27 and injuring more than 40. Europe: Greece: A new round of bailout funds triggered protests in Athens, where protesters attacked the police with gasoline bombs and flares. Asia: Pakistan: A suicide bomber hit a congested part of the city of Peshawar, killing at least 5 and injuring at least 30; The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility. Afghanistan: At least 20 were killed by four separate bombings. Solar Activity: A medium-speed solar wind stream gently impacted the Earth's magnetic field, producing aurora.

10th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Asia: Myanmar (Burma): A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck north of the city of Mandalay, killing at least 26 and injuring dozens (11/11; 01:12:38); Two 5.0 aftershocks followed. Sri Lanka: Exchanges of gunfire during a riot following prisoners obtaining and firing weapons left 27 inmates dead and 62 others injuried at Colombo's Welikada prison; It was reported to be a "massacre" as the "prisoners were cold-bloodedly gunned down." Afghanistan: A roadside bomb exploded in the east, killing 6, one of which was a newborn. Mideast: Syria: Israeli forces fired warning shots into Syria after a mortar round fired from Syria hit an Israeli post in the Golan Heights. Amid the continuing battle between government and opposition forces thousands more Syrian refugees fled into Turkey. Israel/Palestine: A series of clashes close to the border between Israel and the Gaza Strip left 6 Palestinians dead and more than 20 injuried; Four Israeli soldiers were also injuried. Europe: Poland: Violence erupted during a Polish Independence Day march in Warsaw when a crowd of nationalists pelted police with firecrackers and pieces of concrete; About 20,000 people took part in the march. Africa: Kenya: An ambush carried out by bandits in the north killed 38 policeman who attempted to recover more than 400 head of stolen cattle. Central America: Guatemala: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake hit off the Pacific coast near its border with Mexico (11/11; 22:15:00), close to the quake on the 7th; It was followed by 9 aftershocks ranging from 4.3 to 5.0 in magnitude. North America: US: A huge explosion in Indianapolis destroyed two homes and set fire to at least four others, killing at least one and injuring several others; The cause was not known. Solar Activity: A magnetic filament on the Sun's southeastern limb erupted, blasting off a bright coronal mass ejection into space on the 9th.

13th -- New Moon (22h 08m) LOW

Mideast: Israel/Gaza (Palestine): Israel was hit anew by more rockets from Gaza, earlier 6 Palestinians were killed, following an attack by militants on an army jeep. The Israeli air force bombed a weapons storage facility and two sites where rockets had been launched. Europe: Italy: Heavy rains brought extensive flooding submerging parts of Venice, Tuscany and Umbria, and destroying bridges, roads and buildings. Asia: Afghanistan: Three rockets were launched into Kabul, one hit near the airport, another hit a police checkpoint and a third landed near a private television station, killing one and injuring several. Japan: A rare waterspout developed over the ocean in Wakayama Prefecture, and a funnel cloud developed in Ishikawa Prefecture, after a hail storm and lightning hit the town. South America: Chile: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake hit off the coast of Aisen (11/13; 04:31:27). North America: US: A 6.4 magnitude earhquake hit the Gulf of Alaska (11/12; 20:42:17), followed by 22 aftershocks ranging in magnitude from 2.5 to 4.3. Solar Activity: An interplanetary shock wave hit Earth's magnetic field late on the 12th, producing auroras in the circumpolar north. The Moon passed directly in front of the Sun, producing a rare, total solar eclipse visible from the northeast corner of Australia and the southern Pacific Ocean; It is the last total solar eclipse that will see until 2015.

16th-17th -- Mid-Phase LOW

Mideast: Israel/Gaza (Palestine): The conflict that began on the 13th continued to escalate with Israel vowing to intensify its strikes on the Gaza Strip after Jerusalem was hit by a rocket. Up to this point 40 Palestinians and 3 Israelis were killed, and hundreds were injuried or missing. Continuing missile strikes from both sides brought fears of more deaths and a possible war. The following day missles continued to exchange sides with Israel destroying the Palestinian Parliment building, missile lauch structures and residences. More than 900 missiles were fired at Israel since fighting began. Syria: The Syrian civil war continued as the total of lives lost since the war began reached over 37,000. Opposition forces captured an airport near the border with Iraq. Africa: Mali: Militant Islamists and Tuareg-led rebels battled in the north. No casualties were reported but property and vehicles were destroyed. Democratic Republic of the Congo: M23 rebels advanced on Goma in North Kivu causing at least 60,000 residents to flee the fighting, adding to 500,000 that fled their homes since April when the rebels mutinied from the army. Asia: Afghanistan: A roadside bomb in the west killed 17 traveling in a wedding party; the Taliban had carried out the attack. Bangladeshi: At least 11 people are killed in a fire in a shanty town outside the capital Dhaka which also left hundreds homeless. Bay of Bengal: Tropical Cyclone 3 formed with sustained winds of 40 mph (64 kph), moving slowly southwest toward India where it brought heavy rains. Europe: Russia: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake hit the Kuril Islands (11/16; 18:12:40). Portugal: A tornado, unheard of in Portugal, hit the south of the country. With it there came heavy rains, causing severe flooding as violent winds brought down powerlines, tossed vehicles in the air, and left major damage to homes and businesses across the Algarve. North America: Mexico: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake hit near Guerrero and was felt in parts of Mexico City (11/15; 09:20:23). South Pacific: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake hit the Tonga region (11/17; 05:12:57). Solar Activity: A huge explosion on the Sun brought magnetic fields twisting halfway across it's southern hemisphere, which then erupted together (over an area of 435,000 miles -- 700,000 km), producing a huge prominence and a coronal mass ejection.

20th -- First Quarter (14h 31m) MODERATE

Mideast: Israel/Gaza (Palestine): A day after talks of a ceasefire, the conflict again escalated with Israel and Hamas exchanging rocket fire. Israel also brought in tanks that fired shells from the Israel-Gaza border into Gaza. Many Palestinian families evacuated their homes fleeing the bombardment. Numerous buildings were brought to rubble, as Israeli jets also had bombed more than 1,300 sites since the campaign began. The casualties included at least 137 Palestinians and 5 Israelis. Egypt: Clashes between protesters and police in Cairo left at least 61 injuried on the first anniversary of street battles that left more than 40 people dead in what was called the "Mohamed Mahmoud events". Syria: Opposition forces seized control of a large army base on the outskirts of Aleppo, capturing tanks, armored vehicles, and truckloads of munitions. Government troops battled to dislodge rebels from a stronghold just outside Damascus. No casulties or injuries were reported. Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: M23 rebels seized control of Goma taking women and children, and destroying property in what was called 'grave violations of international humanitarian and human rights law', according to the UN. Shells were also fired over the border killing two in Rwanda. Kenya: An army crackdown in the northeastern town of Garissa left more than 50 wounded. Mali: Militant Islamists in the north fought with Tuareg-led rebels in the desert town of Menaka. Asia: India: A religious ceremony in Bihar, northern India, lead to the collapse of a makeshift bamboo bridge on the banks of the river Ganges, where Hindu devotees were praying. In the ensuing panic, many were injuried and at least 14 were crushed to death. Pacific: New Zealand: Mount Tongariro volcano erupted sending a plume of ash and gas up 2.5 miles (4 km) into the air; More eruptions are possible in the following weeks. North America: US: The Northwest coastline experienced powerful and damaging winds, some in excess of 100 mph (160 kph), equal to a Category 2 hurricane. Other coastal areas of Washington and Oregon received more than a half foot of rain with some flooding, and heavy snow in mountanous regions. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind buffeted Earth's magnetic field producing Circum-Arctic auroras. An active sunspot region, AR1618, more than quadrupled in size and harbors energy for strong solar flares.

mid-23rd-mid-25th -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Mideast: Egypt: President Mohammed Mursi announced a new decree that grants him sweeping powers, after which thousands of opponents gathered in Cairo's Tahrir Square and the president's party offices were attacked in several cities. The protesters see the move as dictatorial and clashed with riot police, injuring 140 and destroying property around the country. Syria: Fighting across the country left 151 dead mostly in Damascus and Aleppo. Bombers destroyed the only remaining hospital in Aleppo. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide car bomber in Wardak province killed at least two and injured 40; The Taliban carried out the attack. Pakistan: A roadside bomb near a Shia Muslim procession in the northwest killed 8, 7 of which were children. Thailand: At least 10,000 protesters in Bangkok called for the overthrow of the prime minister, as anti-riot police fired tear gas at protesters; 7 police were wounded. Bangladesh: A clothing factory caught on fire and managers locked a main gate of the facility hampering people trying to flee, killing at least 122. Europe: United Kingdom: Heavy rain brought widespread flooding to southwest England and Wales, as the Environment Agency issued more than 140 flood warnings in England, and about 220 flood alerts in England and Wales. Many had to evacuate their homes and extensive property damage occurred. Pacific: Hawaii: Kilauea Volcano began erupting and sending a stream of lava into the ocean. It would continue to erupt for days afterward. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection impacted Earth, producing polar geomagnetic storms and auroras. A second coronal mass ejection also hit the following day, producing more polar geomagnetic storms and auroras.

28th -- Full Moon (14h 46m) MODERATE

Mideast: Syria: Two car bomb explosions in a southeast district of Damascus killed at least 47 and seriously injured 83. Opposition fighters shot down three government aircraft in 24 hours. They also bombed pro-government areas in Damascus and Jaramana, killing at least 160. Iraq: Three separate bombs hit predominantly Shia Muslim areas in Baghdad, killing at least 43 and wounding 120, 3 days in a row. Africa: Tunisia: Security forces used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse protesters demanding jobs, wounding more than 200, some with gunshot wounds. Nigeria: Gunmen dressed as soldiers opened fire in a bar, killing 10 in what appeared to be religious rivalry. Europe: Italy: A rare, massive and powerful tornado hit a steel factory in Taranto, injuring 20 steel workers and reaping extensive damages. Mediterranean: The whole of the western Mediterranean was hit by a powerful fall storm, bringing strong southeasterly winds, thunderstorms and downpours. Russia: Heavy snowfall created a huge 125-mile (200-km) traffic jam on a major roadway in the northwest Tver region trapping thousands of vehicles. Plosky Tolbachik volcano erupted on the Kamchatka Peninsula on the 29th, after an earthquake swarm on the 27th-28th. Central America: Panama: Heavy rain caused extensive damage to many towns, villages and roadways, affecting thousands and killing at least three. Guatemala: Santa Maria volcano spewed ash and white columns of smoke up to 3 miles (5 km) into the sky.


2nd-3rd -- Mid-Phase MODERATE

Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban suicide bombers attacked a joint US-Afghan airbase in the east, killing 4 Afghan soldiers and two civlians, and wounding Nato troops. Japan: A vehicle throughway, the Sasago tunnel, west of the capital of Tokyo, collapsed, killing at least 9. Philippines: Super Typhoon Bopha, strengthened into the equivalent of a strong Category 5 hurricane, first hit the Philippine island of Mindanao where it brought life-threatening impacts with sustained winds over 160 mph (260 kph), and gusts near 200 mph across the region, along with flooding rainfall, storm surge, landslides and rough surf. At least 300,000 homes were destroyed and more than 1,020 died, while more than 890 were missing. This was a truly rare storm for December. Pakistan: Gunmen killed a senior cleric of a prominent Islamic seminary in the city of Karachi, sparking protesters to set vehicles on fire and pelt security forces with stones. Mideast: Syria: Major conflicts emerged in Aleppo and Damascus, killing and property destruction was widespread. Africa: Nigeria: A machete and gun attack in Borno state in the northeast killed 10 Christians. Afterward, gunmen attacked government targets and churches near the border with Cameroon, killing 5 policemen. The Islamist Boko Haram group was suspected to be the perpetrators of the attacks. Europe: Russia: The heavy snowfall that created a huge 125-mile (200-km) traffic jam on a major roadway in the northwest Tver region trapping thousands of vehicles during the last lunar phase was cleared only to reemerge bringing even more chaos. Ireland: Just minutes after the council voted to change its policy on the Union flag disorder erupted in Belfast, as protesters injuried 5 police officers. South Pacific: Vanuatu was hit by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake (12/02; 00:54:23). South America: Colombia: Military forces bombed Farc rebel camps killing at least 20. North America: Heavy, sustained rains brought flooding across the Napa and Russian River Valleys, as well as nearby creeks, reaping widespread destruction of property. Rainfall totals in some areas of northern California reached 18 inches (457 mm), and damages spread from San Francisco to Seattle. Solar Activity: A slow but dense solar wind stream hit Earth's magnetic, as sunspot complex 1623-1625 developed a magnetic field that harbored energy for M-class solar flares.

6th -- Late Quarter (15h 31m) HIGH

Mideast: Iran: A moderate 5.4 magnitude earthquake struck near Zohan in South Khorasan province, killing at least 5, injuring at least 20, and destroyed numerous homes. Egypt: Protests against Morsy's decree (see Lunar Mid-Phase of November mid-23rd-mid-25th) and a new constitution lead to 6 deaths and more than 700 wounded as protests turned violent in Cairo. Syria: Increased fighting in Damascus showed signs of opposition fighters taking over, as 30 to 50 government troops are killed each day. Al-Assad's government forces began to retrieve chemical weapons, while claiming that it will not use them on their 'own people'. At the same time the government claims that the opposition are not their own people, as international tensions mount amid the fear that they will use the chemical weapons. Africa: Kenya: A roadside bomb blast in a Somali area of Nairobi, Eastleigh, killed one and wounded 8; an al-Qaeda-linked al-Shabab militant group was blamed for the bomb. South Pacific: New Zealand: An extremely rare tornado ripped at the city of Auckland, killing 3 and injuring many, taking roofs off houses, lifting up boats and cars, uprooting trees and downing powerlines. At least 150 homes were destroyed, as the tornado was accompanied by thunderstorms and heavy rain. Europe: Russia: Plosky Tolbachik volcano again erupted on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Asia: Japan: A 7.3 magnitude earthquake (12/07; 08:18:24) was followed by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake in the same region as the quake that previously ravaged the area with a major tsunami. These quakes were followed by 30 aftershocks of 4.6 to 5.5 in magnitude. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR1621 magnetic fields became unstable and erupted, sending plasma off of the Sun's western limb on the 7th.

9th-10th -- Mid-Phase HIGH

Asia: Philippines: Super Typhoon Bopha returned, in a much-weakened state, after an unusual turn around. Bangladesh: Thousands of police fired rubber bullets and tear gas, and protesters threw gasoline bombs, as they staged a nationwide blockade of roads in hopes of getting independent oversight for next year's election. Europe: Large parts of Europe, from Germany to Romania, were covered in heavy snowfall amid freezing temperatures causing major delays at airports and blocking roadways. Africa: Somalia: Somali and African Union forces captured the town of Jowhar from the Islamist militant group, al-Shabab. South Sudan: The army killed 10 when it opened fire on demonstrators angry at the relocation of a local council headquarters in the northwest. Egypt: President Morsi overturned the decree that gave him widespread powers, but vowed that a vote on a new constitution would go forward, while the opposition called for another protest. North America: US: Heavy snow and blizzard conditions slammed the Upper Midwest with snowfall reaching more than a foot-and-half in places and temperatures as low a 30 degrees below zero. The storm system then hit the Southeast with violent thunderstorms and heavy rains. There were 13 tornadoes, a very rare phenomenon for this time of year, as they usually occur March through May, that left extensive damage. In the Northeast the system brought rain, snow and ice. Mideast: Syria: Opposition fighters captured large parts of a big military base in the north, near Aleppo. Indonesia: A 7.1 magnitude earthquake hit Banda Sea, among the Maluku Islands (12/10; 16:53:09).

13th -- New Moon (8h 42m) HIGH

Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomb attack at a Nato airbase outside the city of Kandahar killed 3 and wounded at least 10. Africa: Egypt: Protests both for and against President Morsi spread throughout the country with violence clashes in some cities. Mideast: Syria: Opposition fighters progressed further into the capital of Aleppo, indicating the overthrow of al-Assad's regime was near. North America: US: California experienced what is know as the King Tides, flooding homes, and covering streets and roadways with a high tide over 8 feet (2.4 m). A gunman killed 20 children and 6 adult staff members at Sandy Hook Elementary School in the Sandy Hook village of Newtown, Connecticut, on the 14th. Mexico: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit Baja California (12/14; 10:36:02). Pacific: Somoa: Powerful Cyclone Evan swept over the country causing widespread destruction as homes were flattened, cars were washed away and rivers overflowed their banks. The village of Lelata was described as looking "like a tsunami has struck" and the Tanugamanono power plant was completely destroyed leaving them without power for an estimated two weeks.

16th-17th -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

South Pacific: Fiji: Cyclone Evan, that earlier ravaged Samoa (see the previous lunar phase), ripped through Fiji caused flooding, widespread damage to buildings, and washing out bridges and roads. Winds of 135 mph (217 kph) made it the equivalent of a category-four storm with storm-force winds extending more than 55 miles (90 km) from the center. Evan is the most intense tropical cyclone to have impacted Fiji. Asia: Afghanistan: Girls were collecting firewood when one of them hit a landmine with an axe, killing 10 and injuring 3. A car bomb exploded outside a compound used by a US construction company in Kabul, killing two and wounding more than a dozen others. Pakistan: A car bomb attack on a market in the Khyber tribal area in the northwest killed at least 17 and wounded at least 70, and destroyed vehicles and damaged buildings. Indonesia: Sulawesi: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake hit one of the four largest Sunda Islands (12/17; 09:16:28). Mideast: Iraq: A series of bomb blasts across the country killed at least 25 and wounded dozens in two consecutive days of attacks; vehicles and buildings were also destroyed. Syria: Deadly battles continued with the further advance of the opposition forces. Europe: Ukraine: Heavy snowfall trapped hundreds of cars in traffic jams throughout the west, emergency vehicles brought food and warm drinks. Ireland: Protests again erupted over restrictions on flying the union flag on the city hall, in Belfast and other towns protesters clashed with police throwing paint bombs, fireworks and bricks. South America: Ecuador: Tungurahua volcano again erupted with plumes of ash and gas, and a series of explosions that sounded like cannon fire. The government issued an orange alert, the second highest, and evacuated some areas. North America: US: Blizzard conditions hit the Washington and Oregon Cascade mountains, bringing winds of 20-40 mph (30-65 kph) and gusts up to 60 mph (97 kph), and visibility to near zero. Along the northern coast of Oregon hurricane-force winds reached up to 80 mph (137 kph). A landslide in Washington hit a train and derailed most of its cars. Solar Activity: A coronal hole on the Sun's southern hemisphere sent a stream of solar wind into the path of the Earth.

Note: There are indications that a major earthquake may hit western North America: the highest probability area is northern California down through southern Califronia, second highest is northern Oregon through Washington, and third is Mexico and Alaska. Also a high probability is Japan near the area of the last tsunami. Posted 12/16/2012.

20th -- First Quarter (5h 19m) - Winter Solstice is December 21st MAXIMUM

Europe: United Kingdom: Heavy rains prompted 180 flood warnings across England, Scotland and Wales. Flooding in Hampshire and Wallington lead to their evacuation. Cambridgeshire had rivers overflow amid extensive flooding. Many in vehicles had to be rescued and roadways where under water. Ukraine: A cold spell gripping the country has left at least 83 dead, while nearly 100 towns and villages across the country were without electricity. Bulgaria and Romania: Also were gripped by the extreme cold where at least 6 have died. Africa: Somolia: An overcrowded boat capsized soon after it left the port of Bosasso in the northeast, killing 55 heading for Yemen. Kenya: Armed with arrows and machetes the Pokomo and Orma tribes clashed in Nairobi, killing at least 39. South Sudan: A helicopter on a peacekeeping mission was shot down by the army, killing four. Egypt: Protests, included those for and against President Mohamed Morsi, turned violent in Alexandria with protesters throwing rocks at police and police responding with teargas. Mideast: Syria: Government forces escalated the civil war by firing more Scud missiles in a desperate attempt to stop the opposition's gains, at least 148 people were killed across Syria. North America: US: Blizzard conditions with heavy snow and high winds overwhelmed eastern Iowa, Wisconsin, portions of Michigan and northwestern Illinois with snow falling at a rate of up to an inch per hour; at least four deaths were blamed on the storm. Five snowfall records were broken in Iowa, Wisconsin and Michigan. A very rare (for the season) tornado tore the roofs off homes and buildings, and overturned vehicles in Mobile, Alabama, and tornado warnings were issued throughout the southeast. In Oregon and California heavy rains triggered landslides, covering major roadways. South America: Argentina: Riot police clashed with hundreds of people looting stores in the outskirts of Buenos Aires; looters left with electronics, toys, clothes and food, and at least two were killed. South Pacific: The island nation of Vanatu was shook by a 6.8 magnitude earthquake (12/21 22:28:09). Solar Activity: A number of coronal mass ejections issued off of the farside of the Sun with no threat to Earth.

mid-23rd-mid-25th -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

Mideast: Syria: Government warplanes bombed a bakery in the western village of Halfaya, killing more than 110 and wounding scores of others. Asia: Afghanistan: An Afghan policewoman killed a US civilian aide at the police headquarters in Kabul, and another "rougue" cop killed at least 5 local policemen in the north. India: Protests erupted after a gang rape of student in Delhi, injuring more than 100 protesters and more than 60 police. Europe: Eastern Europe: Freezing weather continued its grip, killing at least 220, most of them in the former USSR. United kingdom: More rain returned to southwest England, bringing flooding and high river levels to areas that already had been saturated from earlier flooding. About 160 flood warnings and more than 260 flood alerts for all regions in England and in Wales were issued by the Environment Agency. Africa: Nigeria: Pirates raided an Italian ship off the coast, kidnapping four after attacking their ship. Suicide bombers attacked the offices of two mobile phone companies in the northern city of Kano, setting a building on fire. Nigeria: Gunmen in the northern state of Yobe shot dead at least six Christians. Sudan: A peacekeeper opened fire, killing four UN peacekeepers in the Darfur region. South America: Chile: The Copahue volcano spewed ash and gas in a cloud that was nearly a mile (1.5km) high, and amid seismic activity it prompted the authorities to issue a red alert -- the highest alter of a pending major eruption. North America: Mexico: Gunmen ambushed and shot dead 7 policemen in two separate clashes in the west. US: Responding to an emergency call in the town of Webster in New York state, two volunteer firefighters were shot dead and two were injured by man who also set fire to houses. A huge storm system was developing that would bring severe weather, including major thunderstorms and tornadoes. There were 40 tornadoes from Texas to Alabama that ravaged towns in Texas, Mississippi and Alabama; again an extremely rare event for the time of year. Part of this overall system, it also brought blizzard conditions with record snowfalls to the Plains, around the Great Lakes and into the Northeast, claiming 16 lives. Solar Activity: Sunspots AR1633 and AR1635 developed magnetic fields that could produce M-class solar flares.

28th -- Full Moon (10h 21m) MAXIMUM

Asia: Pakistan: More than 100 Taliban militants raided two military camps, killing two security forces and abducting 22 others, outside of Peshawar. Philippines: Tropical Storm Wukong struck the islands, bringing torrential rain and flooding, and killing at least 6. Pakistan: A bomb explosion in a bus in the southern city of Karachi killed several people. Africa: Nigeria: An attack near Maiduguri, a stronghold of Islamist militants Boko Haram, left 15 Christians dead, many with their throats cut. Mideast: Syria: At least 397 people were killed across the country, as the conflict escalated. More than 200 of those killed were captured and "field executed" by Syrian soldiers in the Homs suburb; The toll included women and children. Europe: Ukraine: A blast at a medical university in the city of Chernivtsy by a man who brought an explosive to an office, killed one and injuried two. Cold weather continued to take its toll, killing at least 90 and sending hundreds to be treated in hospitals. United Kingdom: Continuing heavy rains brought nearly 80 flood warnings and 192 alerts for England and Wales, along with 13 alerts and seven warnings to Scotland. Strong winds battered the coasts with gusts up to 80 mph (130 kph); i.e., hurricane-force winds. Central America: Nicaragua: The San Cristobal volcano erupted shooting hot gases 8,200 feet (2,500 m) into the air, and forcing the evacuation of a two square-mile (8 sq km) area around the volcano; about 1,500 farmers refused to leave the area. North America: US: A new snow storm impacted the Ohio Valley and Northeast, as more heavy rains drenched the Southeast with flooding. South America: Colombia: A landslide near the south-western city of Neiva buried six cars under tons of mud and rocks, killing at least 5; At least 25 were missing. Peru: Torrential rains wreaked havoc in the central Amazon region, destroying crops, displacing people, and demolishing public infrastructure. Southwestern Pacific: The Bismarck Sea was shook by a 6.0 magnitude earthquake(12/29; 07:59:42), which was preceeded by two 5.0 magnitude earthquakes. Solar Activity: A fairly weak stream of solar wind brushed against Earth's magnetic field.

31st-1st January 2013 -- Mid-Phase MAXIMUM

Mideast: Iraq: A wave of deadly explosions overwhelmed areas in Bagdad, Kurkuk, Mussayib and Hilla, killing at least 22 and wounding numerous others. An attack on a Shia procession in the eastern province of Diyala wounded at least 10. Syria: At least 143 were killed by government soldiers, including 10 children. Observations indicated that the government had a "very dangerous stockpile of chemical weapons", and that some of them were in the condition that they could be used "at a moment's notice". Fierce clashes erupted near the international airport in Aleppo, causing the airport to close down. Government air strikes took place at several suburbs of Damascus as well. At least 136 were killed in the fighting, according to the opposition. Asia: Pakistan: A bomb attack on a bus convoy in the southwest, in the Mastung district of Baluchistan province, killed at least 19 Shia Muslim pilgrims, and wounded at least another 20. The following day, 7 Pakistani aid workers were shot to death in a village in the northwest. A huge explosion rocked a crowded area in the city of Karachi, killing one and injuring several; it was caused by Taliban militants or by rival political groups. Africa: Ivory Coast: Hundreds fled a fireworks event at a stadium in the Plateau district jamming into a tiny street, crushing and suffocating to death at least 60 and injuring 49. Angola: Hundreds tried to enter an overcrowded stadium for a New Year's Eve vigil crushing and suffocating to death at least 10 and injuring 120 at the gates. South America: Colombia: Nine were killed in a luxury house in the city of Envigado, on the outskirts of Medellin; It is believed that they were shot by a drug cartel, during a party. The air force bombed a rebel camp in north-western Antioquia, killing at least 13 members of Colombia's largest rebel group, the Farc. North America: US: A large and powerful storm was approaching southwestern Alaska when a Shell oil drilling rig ran aground on the southeast side of Sitkalidak Island; Environmental impacts were not yet known. The storm was stirring high winds up to 55 mph (89 kph) and large swells up to 35 feet (11 m). Solar Activity: A medium-speed stream of solar wind buffeted the Earth's magnetic field, sparking auroras. A sunspot complex, tangled with beta-gamma magnetic fields harboring energy for potential M-class solar flares, crossed the center of the Sun.

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