Overview: This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click
here. This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click
here. Note: All times shown are 24-hour Universal Time and actual local times will usually differ, and local dates may also differ. For earthquakes they are shown as (date; hour:minute); example (01-01; 08:03), which is January 1 at 8:03. Only earthquakes of magnitude 6.0 or greater will be listed, with the exception of lesser magnitudes that cause damage.
Last Update: November 18, 2017
1st-2nd - Mid-Phase HIGH
Mideast: Bahrain: Gunmen attacked a prison, killing a policeman and freeing ten inmates convicted of terrorism. Jaw prison, south of the capital Manama, had been in a security lockdown at the time. Iraq: Two explosions took place one after another in the busy al-Sinak market in Baghdad, killing at least twenty-eight and wounding more than fifty. ISIS miltants claimed responsiblity. An artillery strike by coalition forces struck a mortar position in the city of Mosul; ISIS militants had been using it to target Iraqi security forces. The following day, a suicide car bomber targeted a busy square in a predominantly Shia Muslim eastern district of Sadr City, killing at least thirty-five and wounding sixty-one. A second car exploded in a parking structure nearby Al-Kindi hospital, killing three. Europe: Turkey: A gunman opened fire at the well-known nightclub, the Reina nightclub, killing at least thirty-nine and wounding at least sixty-nine. Some threw themselves into the Bosphorus river to escape. Asia: Indonesia: The Zahro Express ferry was carrying more than 230 people to Tidung island when the boat caught on fire, killing at least twenty-three, injuring nine and seventeen were missing. Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent explosive eruptions. Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Ceuta: About 1,100 African migrants attempted to storm a border fence in Spain's North African enclave of Ceuta, injuring fifty Moroccan and five Spanish border guards. North America: US: Severe weather swept the lower Mississippi Valley and the Deep South with strong thunderstorms, heavy flooding rains, hail, damaging winds, and isolated tornadoes (rare this time of the year). A tornado pounded southern Alabama killing five. A series of storms also began to sweep the West Coast, sending snow and heavy rain to areas from southern Oregon to central California. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Brazil: A fight between rival gangs took place in an overcrowded prison in Manaus, in Amazonas state, leaving fifty-six inmates dead, many of which were decapitated. A gunman killed his ex-wife, son and ten others, and wounded three in Campinas as they were celebrating the New Year. Pacific: South: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of the Fiji Islands (01-02; 13:14). Langila volcano, in New Britain, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes into the air. Solar Activity: The solar wind struck Earth triggering numerous auroras and geomagnetic storms. The following day, a large coronal hole covered nearly half of Sun's surface and was turning toward Earth.
5th - First Quarter (19h 47m) HIGH
Mideast: Iraq: The military undertook a new offensive to re-capture western towns near the Syrian border from ISIS militants. Syria: A car bomb exploded in a crowded commercial area near the municipal stadium in Jableh, killing at least eleven and wounding thirty-five. Europe: Turkey: Two attackers - believed to be Kurdish militants - drove a car into the courthouse in the city of Izmir, triggering a gun fight with police and then detonating the car bomb. Dozens were wounded, some critically. Germany: A storm surge caused the worst flooding in a decade for the towns and cities along the Baltic coast, from Kiel in the far north to the resort island of Usedom near the Polish border. Sweden and Finland: Both countries were hit with severe winter conditions with temperatures diving to 42.3 F below zero (-41.3 C) in Sweden and 43.06 F below zero (-41.7 C) in Finland. Africa: Tunisia: Security forces dismantled a 13-member "terrorist cell" that was connected to al-Qaeda. Somalia: A car bomb targeted a United Nations compound in Mogadishu, wounding at least four guards; the militant group al-Shabab claimed responsibility (on the 4th). Central African Republic: Gunmen attacked a convoy near the town of Obo, as the UN troops were escorting fuel trucks sent from Zemio, leaving two UN peacekeepers from Morocco dead (on the 4th). Ivory Coast: Troops briefly seized the defence ministry, afterwhich the rebellion spread to other cities. North America: Mexico: A 20% increase in the price of gasoline triggered protests that then lead to the looting of shops and the barricading of roads. About 250 were arrested. US: Bogoslof volcano in the Aleutian Islands underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. A huge storm slammed the west coast with drenching rain, flooding and high country snow. Excessive rain combined with melting snow triggered flooding, mud and land slides, and road closures in what would amount to the worst flooding in "northern California since 1997 and perhaps 1986." Another storm brought heavy snow to a large portion of the South. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection triggered G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras.
8th-9th - Mid-Phase HIGH
Mideast: Israel: A Palestinian man drove a truck into a group of soldiers, killing three and wounding seventeen in what was called a terrorist attack. Iraq: Government forces fighting ISIS miltants in Mosul penatrated as far as the banks of the Tigris river for the first time. Syria: A car bomb exploded outside a courthouse in the town of Azaz, killing at least forty-three. Europe: Various Parts of Europe: An unexpected freeze swept much of Europe, leaving at least twenty dead. Snow blanketed as far south as the Greek islands and southern Italy. In Italy, ferries and flights were canceled, in Turkey, heavy snow swept Istanbul, in Russia temperatures plunged to 22 F below zero (-30 C), and in typically warmer Greece, temperatures dropped to 4 F below zero (-15 C). Asia: Thailand: Heavy rains triggered widespread severe flooding in the south, submerging numerous villages and elsewhere the water reached roof tops. Hundreds of thousands were affected by the water levels, flights were canceled, schools were closed and powerlines were downed. The heavy rain was expected to continue for two more days. At least twenty-five were killed. Sri Lanka: China was given the go ahead to build a port and industrial zone around Hambantota port, Colombo. This would force the eviction of thousands of villagers, triggering a mass riot. Philippines: A powerful 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Tabiauan (01-10; 06:13). Solomon Islands: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck west of Kirakira (01-10; 15:27). Africa: Egypt: A suicide bomber driving a truck filled with explosives targeted a police station in North Sinai, afterwhich miltants open fire, killing at least eight and wounding ten. Nigeria: Two female suicide bombers knocked on doors in Maiduguri and hugged their victims before detonating their bombs, killing two and the bombers. They were suspected to be Boko Haram miltants. The bombings came a day after a clash in which five soldiers and more than fifteen militants died in neighboring Yobe state. North America: US: Major storms swept both the Eastern and Western parts of the country. In California a series of storms pounded the state, especially the northern and central regions which were hit with heavy rain and mountain snow. In San Francisco one was killed and power was knocked out for more than 20,000. Runoff from the excessive rain, combined with snowmelt, triggered widespread flooding called the worst in decades. Mudslides, rock slides and landslides were widespread. Flooding also swept parts of Nevada. Oregon was swept with snow and ice closing roads, canceling flights and closing schools, businesses and government buidings. In the Northeast, hundreds of accidents took place with snow accumulations of over six inches (152 mm) along the coastal areas and more than a foot (310 mm) from Alabama to Massachusetts amid record cold. South America: Chile: Bad weather in Puerto Varas triggered mudslides that stranded fifty vehicles, including five tourist buses. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection enveloped Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras for the fifth day in a row.
12th - Full Moon (11h 34m) HIGH
Mideast: Syria: A suicide bomber targeted the Kafr Sousa neighborhood, south of Damascus - home to several top officials - destroying vehicles, damaging buildings, and killing at least seven; several others were also critically wounded. In a seperate incident, an area west of Damascus was bombed, including a military airport; casualties were not yet reported. In yet another seperate incident, an airstrike targeted a rebel-held village near the city of Aleppo, killing at least nine, and airstrikes in neighboring Idlib province left twenty-two militants dead. Europe: UK: A blast of freezing snow swept across the country in areas already hit by heavy snow. Another band of sleet and snow hit Scotland overnight. The army was preparing for the flooding that would follow as the snow melts and areas are hit by a tidal surge the next day - more than 65 flood warnings and more than 70 flood alerts were issued. Meanwhile, roadways were buried, flights were canceled, and schools and businesses were closed. Germany: A strengthening storm brought disruptive snow and strong winds to northern areas. Africa: Algeria: Two armed Islamist militants were shot dead in an ambush during a military operation in Skikda. Weapons and ammunition were seized during the ongoing operation. Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe: An outbreak of army worms was affecting the three countries. The worms are really caterpillars that sweep across the land in large numbers feasting on young corn plants, wiping out entire fields. It could affect the food supply for millions. North America: US: A destructive ice storm swept through a 1,000-mile (1,610 km) area of the central US - from Texas to Ohio. The storm was a long-duration ice storm that would turn destructive and cut power to hundreds of thousands. After flooding, mudslides, rock slides, sinkholes and yards (meters) of mountain snow triggered by the recent series of storms, a new train of storms was headed for the West Coast states, especially California, with more drenching rains. After more than six feet (1,830 mm) of snow the Crested Butte Mountain Ski Resort in Colorado had to close for the first time. Solar Activity: The Earth crossed through a fold in The Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras.
15th-16th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Syria: ISIS militants fiercely attacked government-held areas in the city of Deir al-Zour, leaving twenty-four dead (20 militants, 12 soldiers and 2 civilians). Asia: India: A stampede erupted at a two-day harvest festival in Gangasagar, West Bengal, killing six and injuring ten. In a seperate incident, a boat overturned hundreds of miles upstream on the Ganges River, killing twenty-four. Kyrgyzstan: A Turkish cargo plane traveling from Hong Kong crashed into a village, destroying half of the villages homes and killing at least thirty-three and injuring fifteen. All four on board the plane also died. Japan: Suwanose-jima volcano on the Ryukyu Islands underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Indonesia: Ibu volcano on the island of Halmahera and Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent explosive eruptions. Africa: Libya: A boat sank off the coast in the Mediterranean Sea, drowning about ninety migrants. Democratic Republic of the Congo: Nyamuragira volcano erupted with strong lava flows. North America: US: A long-duration ice storm swept across the central Plains, recking havoc with hundreds of vehicle pile ups. In one such pile up six were killed. The most significant icing took place from the northern Texas panhandle to eastern Nebraska and western Iowa, and then spread to the Upper Midwest. Tornadoes touched from Dallas to Houston, Texas - tornadoes are rare this time of the year. Another river of moisture was heading for the Northwest, especially parts of Califronia and Oregon. Bogoslof volcano on the Aleutian Islands underwent an explosive eruption. People gathered in the park for a post-parade celebration Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Park when gunfire erupted, killing eight and wounding eight. Mexico: A gunman open fired at a club hosting an electronic music festival in the resort of Playa del Carmen, in Quintana Roo state, killing at least five and injuring fifteen. The attack was not terrorism, but appeared to be drug-cartel related. South America: Brazil: A 14-hour riot erupted between rival gangs at Alcacuz prison, leaving at least twenty-six dead. Solar Activity: A huge coronal hole opened up on the Sun, sending a stream of solar wind toward Earth.
19th - Last Quarter (22h 13m) MODERATE
Mideast: Iran: The landmark 17-story Plasco high-rise building in Tehran caught fire and then collapsed, killing at least twenty firefighters. Two hundred firefighters battled the blaze for hours before the collapse. Syria: ISIS militants beheaded four people and shot eight dead in the city of Palmyra. Russian and Turkish airstrikes targeted ISIS miltants in the town of al-Bab, in Aleppo province a day earlier (on the 18th). Europe: Italy: An avalanche was triggered by five earthquakes - four were more than 5.0 in magnitude - burying about thirty-five people under rubble and snow. Seventeen bodies were recovered from the ruins of the Rigopiano hotel, in the central Abruzzo region - a dozen were still missing. Heavy snowfall hampered rescue efforts. Spain: The first snow in decades blanketed the low altitude city of Murcia, as well as Lorca and even along the coast in Dénia. Asia: Oceania: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck west of Kirakira, Solomon Islands (01-19; 23:04). Africa: Libya: US airstrikes targeted military camps run by ISIS militants located southwest of the city of Sirte, killing at least eighty. Gambia: The Nigerian military deployed troops and military planes "to protect the people of the Gambia and maintain sub-regional peace and security." Longtime ruler Yahya Jammeh refused to leave office and was given until the next day to leave, allowing President-elect Adama Barrow to take over. Ghana was planning to deploy more than 200 combat troops, as well. Mali: A vehicle packed with explosives was detonated at a camp housing soldiers and other armed groups in the city of Gao, killing at least seventy-seven (on the 18th). An Al-Qaeda affiliate claimed resposibility. North America: US: A sudden heavy rain dropped more than six inches (152 mm) in a short time, triggering widespread flooding in Houston, Texas. This caused more than a million gallons of wastewater to be inadvertently released. A system was heading for the Southeast and was expected to bring damaging winds, torrential downpours, hail and tornadoes. Three storms were also headed for California and the Southwest, and were expected to bring widespread flooding and heavy moutain snow. Mexico: Colima volcano underwent a violently explosive eruption. South America: Brazil: Violence again broke out as hundreds of inmates from rival gangs threw rocks at each other in Alcacuz Prison - where 26 were killed earlier (see previous lunar phase). Police used tear gas and rubber bullets to keep them apart. Solar Activity: Earth entered a coronal mass ejection that triggered Arctic auroras and geomagnetic storms.
mid-22nd-mid-24th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Yemen: Two drone strikes in the central province of Bayda killed thirteen Al Qaeda militants. The government undertook an offensive to retake the port city of Mokha from the Houthis with airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition killing at least fifty-two Houthi fighters. Meanwhile, the Houthis killed fourteen Hadi government attackers in Aden. Asia: India: A train derailed in the state of Andhra Pradesh, killing at least thirty-nine - many were still trapped in the wreckage. Pakistan: A bomb exploded in a vegetable market in the city of Parachinar, a mainly Shia Muslim area, killing at least twenty and wounding forty. The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility, adding that it was to "teach a lesson to Shiites for their support" of the Syrian President. Oceania: A powerful 7.9 magnitude earthquake struck west of Papua New Guinea, triggering a tsunami warning (01-22; 04:30). Japan: Heavy snowfall brought nearly 53.5 inches (1,360 mm) in 72 hours. Gusty winds reached 56.5 mph (91 kph) and produced sea-effect snow as well. Numerous vehicles were buried in the snow, as were numerous homes and businesses. Africa: Rwanda: Unexpected heavy rains swamped the capital Kigali, causing massive destruction of property - at least 800 houses including homes, schools and residential areas, and washed away roads - as well as killing at least five. North America: US: Severe weather, including at least forty-four tornadoes swept through the Southeast, killing at least twenty and injuring dozens. Homes and businesses were damaged or completely destroyed from Loiusianna and Florida through to southern Georgia. The storm then swept up the East Coast into the Northeast, developing into a Nor'Easter triggering coastal flooding and major disruptions, power outages and downed trees. In California heavy rains triggered widespread flooding as snow buried mountain tops. Strong winds knocked down trees and powerlines, produced rough seas and grounded flights. Mudslides and landslides closed roadways. Described as the worst storms in years, as much as an inch (25 mm) per hour fell. Gusty winds and snow swept across the north-central US, triggering blizzard conditions in some areas. South America: Chile: A state of emergency was declared for a large area south of Santiago because of the worst forest fires in decades. About 1,200 troops and 500 firefighters battled the blaze that began a week ago, reaching a peak in this lunar phase. Hundreds were forced to evacuate. Eventually the town of Santa Olga was destroyed by the blaze. Solar Activity: Two new huge sunspots - AR2527 and AR2528 - suddenly emerged and were so large that they could be seen at sunset without a telescope. Also, a solar prominence - a giant cloud of plasma - developed over the Sun's western limb.
28th - New Moon (0h 07m) MODERATE
Mideast: Yemen: The US carried out a commando raid on an al-Qaeda stronghold in a village in Yakla district, killing at least fourteen militants. One commando was killed and three soliders were wounded. Asia: Indian-administered Kashmir: Heavy snow buried the remote Gurez region, blocking roads and railways. As a result two avalanches swept the region killing fourteen soldiers near the Pakistan border. Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Somalia: The militant group al-Shabab claimed its fighters killed fifty-seven Kenyan troops when they attacked a remote military base, and seized military vehicles and weapons. In contrast, Kenyan's military said that the claim was false and that they had killed dozens of the miltants. Meanwhile, it was reported that a Somali mayor was killed by al-Shabab in the attack. Ethiopia: Erta Ale volcano underwent an eruption spewing lava from two sides. North America: US: Bogoslof volcano on the Aleutian Islands underwent an explosive eruption that sent an ash plume 30,000 feet (9,145 m) into the air. Extremely wild, strong Santa Ana winds swept across southern California knocking down trees, power lines, big rigs and more. Mexico: Colima volcano again underwent an explosive eruption along with the formation of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. Canada: A French-Canadian student opened fire in a mosque in Quebec City, killing at least six Muslim worshippers and wounding five; another twelve had minor injuries. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with the formation of lava domes and extruding lava flows. Solar Activity: A huge stream of solar wind hit Earth's magnetic field, triggering G1-class magnetic storms and auroras around the Arctic Circle.
See first entry in Febuary for January 31st.
January 31-February 1st - Mid-Phase LOW
Mideast: Yemen: Houthi rebels attacked one of Saudi-led coalition warships in the Red Sea, killing two crew members. Three Houthi "suicide boats" attacked the boat by colliding with it, triggering an explosion and a fire. But a rebel news report said the warship had been hit by a guided missile, not the boats. Europe: Ukraine: Officials prepared for an evacuation of the eastern frontline town of Avdiivka as renewed fighting with pro-Russian rebels escalated. Seven soldiers were killed, and a number of rebel and civilian casualties also took place on both sides. The shelling knocked out power and water services, and food was scarse. Western Europe: A series of storms began, the first of which brought strong winds and rain from the UK through to Spain. Romania: A decree was passed that could free dozens of officials jailed for corruption, sending at least 150,000 protesters demonstrating outside government offices in Bucharest. Some protesters threw firecrackers and smoke bombs at police who responded with tear gas. Africa: Nigeria: A ten-year old girl blew herself up after approaching a camp for internally displaced people in the town of Banki in Borno state. A separate suicide bombing took place in the city of Maiduguri, killing at least one. Boko Haram miltants were likely responsible for both attacks. North America: US: A strong West Coast storm system brought widespread coastal flooding to northern and central California, along with heavy snow for the Sierra Nevada and the Cascades of Oregon and Washington. Rounds of blinding snow swept Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. An "Alberta Clipper" from Canada brought a major snowstorm spreading across the central and northeastern US. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun, sending a stream of solar wind directly toward Earth. The next day it reached Earth triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras around the Arctic Circle.
4th - First Quarter (4h 19m) LOW
Europe: Romania: The demonstrations that began during the last lunar phase, as a result of a decree that freed dozens of officials jailed for corruption, escalated. This time the crowd swelled to at least 500,000 protesters that demonstrated throughout the country - the largest in nearly three decades. Ukraine: Fighting escalated again with pro-Russian rebels as a senior commander with pro-Russian rebel forces in eastern Ukraine was killed in a car bomb attack in Luhansk. This followed the bloodiest week since 2015. Western Europe: Another series of storms from the Atlantic brought damaging winds and heavy rain to France, Spain and northern Portugal. Asia: Afghanistan and Pakistan: Heavy snow triggerd avalanches that killed at least 119, injuried 89, destroyed houses, and wipped out whole villages and towns. People were found frozen in their buried cars. Avalanches hit Nuristan, a northeastern Afghan province, the northern Pakistan's town of Chitra, and north of the Afghan capital, Kabul. Scores more were missing in several mountainous provinces with entire villages buried under snow. North America: US: Cleveland and Bogoslof volcanoes, on the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, underwent explosive eruptions. Mexico: Colima Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. Solar Activity: The Earth emerged from the solar wind stream of a coronal mass ejection that triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras.
7th-8th - Mid-Phase LOW
Mideast: Syria: Numerous airstrikes targeted several areas of Idlib, killing at least twenty-three civilians, and leveling several multi-story buildings. In addition, the airstrikes destroyed the headquarters of Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, an al-Qaeda-linked jihadist group, killing eleven. In a separate incident, government forces advanced towards the last major stronghold of ISIS in Aleppo province, cutting off the main supply route into al-Bab and capturing the town of Tal Uwayshiya. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber targeted a court's parking structure at a time when people were leaving to go home. At least twenty were killed, and forty-one were wounded, about ten critically. The blast was so strong that it shattered the windows of nearby buildings. The next day, suspected ISIS gunmen killed six Afghans working for the Red Cross in the province of Jowzjan. Pakistan: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck west of Pasni (02-07; 22:03). Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: A sudden, unexpected violent storm, triggered flooding in the capital Kinshasa. Hundreds tried to clear water from their homes and businesses. In a separate incident, an attack took place on Banro Corp's Twangiza gold mine, killing three policemen and one of the attackers. Ivory Coast: The southeastern town of Adiake town was in chaos as a mutiny by elite troops fiercely loyal to the former president opened fire at a military barracks; casulities were unknown. Somalia: The militant group al-Shabab ambushed a convoy belonging to the African Union force near the town of Mahadaay. Central African Republic: Clashes erupted between security forces and a militia group, leaving at least four dead in Bangui, the capital. Mozambqiue: More than 59,000 acres (24,000 hectares) of crops were devastated by the combined effects of drought and flooding (since October). More than 92,600 people were affected, over 24,500 houses were destroyed, almost half of them totally. North America: US: Powerful thuderstorms and tornadoes ripped throught eastern New Orleans, Louisiana, flattening houses, knocking out power, and tossing vehicles. More tornadoes touched down near the town of Donaldsonville and another in the town of Killian. At least forty were injuried. Much of the Pacific coast was hit with heavy rain and gusty winds that triggered flooding, mudslides and sporadic power outages. Several mudslides occurred in central California, largely in Santa Cruz and Mariposa counties, and the Bay Area. In some places highways were closed as a result. In the Northeast a major Nor'easter snowstorm developed in less than 24 hours. All public schools in New York City, Boston and Philadelphia were closed, as more than 4,300 flights were canceled. Fifty million people from Maine down through Philadelphia and Washington, DC, were affected by the storm that dumped as much as four inches (100 mm) of snow per hour. South America: Brazil: A police strike led to a crime wave that left dozens dead, forcing the government to send more than 1,000 troops into the streets to restore order. TV news broadcast scenes of looting, shootings and carjackings. Businesses, schools and banks were all closed as a result. Bolivia: A plague of locusts spread throughout a vast agricultural area, forcing the government to declare a state of emergency. The locusts destroyed pasture, and fields of corn and sorghum over more than 2,470 acres (1,000 hectares) area. Solar Activity: The Earth crossed through the Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field - a fold in the heliospheric current sheet - as a coronal mass ejection sparked bright auroras.
11th - Full Moon (0h 33m) LOW
Mideast: Iraq: Thousands of protesters, demanding electoral reform, tried to storm the high security "Green Zone" in Baghdad. Police fired tear gas, leaving at least 200 injuried. Later, several rockets hit the Green Zone; causalties were not reported. Europe: Greece: At least 70,000 people in the city of Thessaloniki were evacuated as a 500-pound (227-kg) World War Two bomb was defused; the largest bomb to be found in an urban area. France: An avalanche took place at the ski resort of Tignes, killing four. Asia: Philippines: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake near the city of Surigao on Mindanao island damaged buildings and knocked out power, leaving four dead and more than one hundred injuried; USGS puts it at 6.5 magnitude (02-10; 14:03). Africa: Angola: A crowd triggered a stampede at a football stadium in the city of Uige after they were prevented from entering the stadium. The stadium was already at capacity. Some fell and were suffocated, killing at least seventeen. Democratic Republic of Congo: Violent clashes took place between the army and a militia near Tshimbulu, killing eleven. Australia: A 121-year-old heat record was broken with dangerously hot weather that continued to bake Sydney. North America: US: A snowstorm with blizzard conditions dropped several feet of snow and brought travel to a halt across the Northeast. This was the second storm in less than a week to hit the area (see previous lunar phase). Strong winds, as much as 60 mph (79 kph), swept the Great Lakes and mid-Atlantic regions. In California a deep hole on the emergency spillway of the Oroville dam, threatening to flood the surrounding area and prompted officials to evacuate more than 200,000 of its residents. Lake Oroville’s level rose significantly after record-setting rainfall. South America: Brazil: Police in the state of Espirito Santo went on strike setting off a week of violence and looting that left at least 120 dead (see previous lunar phase). Since it's against the law in Brazil for the military police to go on strike, they were charged over 700 police officers with rebellion.
14th-15th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Syria: Battles brokeout in Idlib province between Tahrir al-Sham, formerly an al-Qaeda affiliate, and Jund al-Aqsa, regarded as close to ISIS, leaving dozens dead. Nearly seventy were killed since the fighting began on the morning of the 14th. Iraq: The Iraqi air force took aim at a building in Qaim, killing at least thirteen ISIS commanders. At least sixty-four lower-ranked ISIS fighters were also killed in the airstrikes. The following day a suicide bomber targeted a busy street filled with garages and used-car dealers in Sadr City - a predominantly Shia suburb of Baghdad - killing at least eighteen and wounding forty-two. The next day a car packed with explosives again blew up near car dealerships in the Shia area of Bayaa, killing at least forty-eight and wounding more than fifty. Asia: New Zealand: The city of Christchurch was surrounded by a huge wildfire that already destroyed eleven homes and forced the evacuation of its residents. A helicopter pilot was killed when the helicopter crashed fighting the fire. Pakistan: Two separate suicide bomber attacks targeted a government compound in the Mohmand tribal region, killing at least seven and wounding dozens. China: Three knife-carrying attackers killed five and injured ten before they were shot dead by police in Pishan county, in the Xinjiang region. Africa: Mozambique: A powerful cyclone developed and headed towards Mozambique's southern coast. The next day it was upgraded to Tropical Cyclone Dineo, which hit the coastal city of Inhambane with high winds, torrential rainfall and dangerous storm surges. Various: The cost of cereals doubled in some markets as the result of drought, reaching record and near-record levels in parts of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization feared that this would increase widespread hunger. Ethiopia/Kenya: A huge newly-built Ethiopian dam cut off the supply of water to Lake Turkana in northern Kenya, threatening the livelihoods of about 500,000 in both countries. In addition, international experts gathered in Zimbabwe to halt an outbreak of armyworms (catepillers) that was causing wideespread damage to crops. Democratic Republic of Congo: Government soldiers clashed with the local militia group Kamwina Nsapu, killing at least one hundred in the central province of Kasai. North America: US: Severe storms and flooding rain swept through portions of eastern Texas. Several tornadoes slammed into the Houston area as well, with winds of about 50 mph (80 kph). A series of powerful storms developed and headed towards the already drenched West, especially California. The seriously damaged Oroville dam was again to be hit with powerful rainstorms. Another Nor'easter developed and was heading for New England and the Atlantic coast of Canada with more heavy snow. Central America: Pacaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption that created a new active lava flow. Solar Activity: Streams of solar winds triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras in the Arctic.
18th - Last Quarter (19h 33m) MODERATE
Mideast: Iraq: An offensive started that was to get ISIS miltants out of the western part of Mosul. Hundreds of thousands of civilians were still trapped in the city. Europe: Turkey: A large car bomb targeted a building were judges and prosecutors lived in Viransehir, in Sanliurfa province, killing a 3-year old, and destroyed or damaged buildings and vehicles. Belgium: A train derailed in Brussels, causing a train car to flip on its side, killing at least one and injuring twenty. Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a highly explosive eruption and lava flows. Asia: Pakistan: A suicide bomber targeted a Sufi shrine in the town of Sehwan, killing at least eighty and injuring 250. In response, more than 100 terrorists were killed and many others arrested in the 24 hours as part of anti-terrorist operations across the country, including Punjab province. Africa: Ceuta (A Spanish territory in North Africa): About 700 migrants - some wielding shears and clubs - stormed a 20-foot (6-m) security fence that separates Morocco from Ceuta. Nearly 500 made it across the razor wire with blooded hands and legs, and at least eleven Spanish police were injuried. Somalia: A car bomber targeted a market in Mogadishu, killing thirty-nine and injuring at least fifty (early on the 19th). Australia: A tropical low hit coastal communities around the Gulf of Carpentaria with flooding downpours, gusty winds and rough seas. North America: US: One of California's strongest storms in years - called a "weather bomb" - hit the state, killing at least four amid torrential rain and widespread flooding. Hundreds of homes were evacuated in anticpation of mudslides near Los Angeles. About 150,000 households lost power while sinkholes swallowed cars. Many cars were trapped by rising water, and there were at least four dead. The storm then headed east affecting the Southwest with similar results. Bogoslof volcano, Aleutian Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Argentina: A bus overturned on a remote road in the Andes, near the border with Chile, killing at least nineteen. A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of San Antonio de los Cobres (02-18; 12:10). Solar Activity: The Earth moved deeper into a stream of solar wind, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras.
21st-22nd - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Iraq: Government forces took the strategically important town of Abu Saif, close to western Mosul, in its push to get ISIS militants out of the city. An airstrike destroyed a house full of suspected ISIS fighters, killing all seven. Syria: Kurdish and Arab rebels advanced into territory held by ISIS in Deir al-Zour province. Syrian Democratic Forces captured about fifteen villages from ISIS. Airstrikes killed eleven and wounded thirty-five in one of the villages. Other villages did not report causualties. Yemen: The deputy army commander and several others were killed in a missile strike by Houthi rebels on a Red Sea army camp outside the port city of Mokha. Europe: Sweden: A riot erupted in a mainly immigrant Stockholm suburb. Rioters, some of them wearing masks, threw rocks, set vehicles on fire and looted shops, as police took warning shots. Asia: Pakistan: Three suicide bombers targeted a courthouse in Tangi, using hand grenades and guns to force their way in, but security forces kept them at bay. The battle left the three bombers dead, while at least fifteen civilians and five police officers were wounded. The Pakistani Taliban group Jamaat-ur-Ahrar claimed responsibility. Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Libya: African migrants were crossing the Mediterranean to Italy in a rubber boat that failed, killing at least eighty-seven. South Africa: More than thirty foreign-owned shops were looted in Pretoria. Guinea: Students demonstrating for an end to teacher strikes were shot by security forces, killing at least five and injuring at least thirty. North America: US: Northern California was again hit with a powerful storm that triggered widespread flooding, killing at least five. The storm also unleashed travel-disrupting snow in the mountains and mudslides at lower altitudes. Several hundred people in San Jose, California had to be rescued from their homes after flood waters swallowed up parts of the city. Some had to be rescued with boats in the high floodwaters that consumed whole neighborhoods as rains forced the bursting of river banks. Two tornadoes touched down in San Antonio, Texas, destroying and damaging numerous homes. South America: Bolivia: A 6.5 magnitude earthhquake struck east of Padilla (02-21; 14:09). Solar Activity: An explosion on the Sun's eastern limb hurled a twisted plume of debris referred to as a "solar tornado." Solar wind speeds increased and would trigger a G1-class geomagnetic storm.
26th - New Moon (14h 58m) MODERATE
Mideast: Syria: Gunmen and suicide bombers targeted security bases in Homs, killing at least forty. In retaliation, government planes carried out airstrikes on the last opposition territory in Homs. Asia: Melanesia: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck south of Ndoi Island, Fiji (02-24; 17:28).
Africa: Egypt: Dozens of Coptic Christian families fled North Sinai after a number of killings in recent weeks by militants, taking refuge in the Evangelical Church in the Suez Canal city of Ismailiya. Somalia: Dozens of troops seized the parliament building in the capital Garowe and blocked nearby streets in Somalia's semi-autonomous region of Puntland. South Sudan: Three years of civil war had driven thousands of families into the marshes of the Nile to hide from the conflict. Affecting about 100,000 "a man-made famine" struck the region due to the civil war, sending thousands to the town of Thonyor where supplies could be gotten. Many believe President Kiir wants to drive people out of his county by government troops raiding, taking cows, killing, and burning churches and houses, forcing people into the islands. North America: US: A line of strong thunderstorms swept across the Northeast with damaging winds, hail and downpours. The storms caused property and tree damage, and power outages from Washington, DC to New York City. South America: Chile: Heavy rains and landslides contaminated the Maipo river - a major river supplying Santiago - forcing the authorities to cut off drinking water to four million people. The water barreling down from the Andes also cut off roads, isolated thousands and left at least four dead. Businesses and restaurants were ordered to close, and the start of the school term was postponed. Solar Activity: The solar wind headed towards Earth and would trigger geomagnetic storms and auroras.
1st-2nd - Mid-Phase HIGH
Mideast: Syria: Clashes, heavy shelling and Russian airstrikes swept across the historic city of Palymra as an offensive sought to take back the city from ISIS militants. The Syrian government troops and their allies seized a strategic area known as the "Palmyra triangle." The next day government forces recaptured the entire city. Casualties were not reported. Iraq: Government forces took control of the last major road out of western Mosul, preventing ISIS militants from fleeing the city. Later that evening an airstrike damaged the Omar al-Aswad mosque in the Farouq district and nearby homes in the city of Mosul controlled by ISIS miltants. A number of civlians and miltants were killed, but the exact number was not known. Europe: Italy: Mount Etna erupted, sending a fountain of bright lava and ash clouds into the air. A major avalanche occurred near the northern ski resort of Courmayeur, killing at least three and injuring three, while two were still missing. Ukraine: A methane explosion in a coal mine in the Sokal district of Lviv region killed eight miners and injuried six. Turkey: A 5.6 magnitude earthquake struck west of Samsat, injuring at least five as buildings crumbled (03-02; 11:07). Asia: Afghanistan: Two suicide attacks targeted a police station and intelligence agency offices, killing at least sixteen and wounding forty-four. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attacks. China: A storm with strong winds caused a crane to collapse on a road in Yancheng, Jiangsu Province, killing at least two and injuring twenty-two. Africa: Various: Heavy rains in Zimbabwe forced more than 1,000 people to places where they had to be rescued from flood waters. More heavy rain and thunderstorms would follow, sweeping across Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique. In Somalia alone about 250 were killed. Meanwhile, a storm in the southern Indian Ocean, was developing into a tropical cyclone that could hit Reunion, Mauritius and Madagascar. Kenya: Armed herders from the Pokot and Tugen ethnic groups appeared to be behind killings of ten people and the displacement of thousands, forcing police to intensify an operation against the marauders. Somalia: Kenyan forces killed fifty-seven al-Shabab militants near the town of Afmadow in a battle in southern Somalia. Kenyan did not report on their own casualties, but claimed that it had killed more than one hundred of the miltants. Ethiopia: A planned attack by an Eritrean-backed group on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam project was stopped when security forces killed thirteen and captured seven of the attackers. North America: US: A powerful storm damaged or destroyed hundreds of homes and blew vehicles off highways in the Midwest. Numerous tornadoes in eight states were blamed for seven deaths, and the damage or destruction of more than 100 homes. The storm then moved eastward towards the mid-Atlantic states and southern New England threatening more than one hundred million people. An EF-3 tornado with wind speeds between 136 to 165 mph (219-265 km) produced extensive damage in Crossville, Illinois. Baseball-sized hail was also produced. Severe thunderstorms moved into Washington, DC, producing hurricane-force wind gusts that downed trees and powerlines, leaving more than 40,000 without electricity. South America: Brazil: A fire in a favela in the city of Sao Paulo destroyed dozens of buildings. Central America: Guatemala: Pacaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending lava down from the summit crater. Solar Activity: Earth moved deeper into a fast-moving stream of solar wind, triggering a G2-class geomagnetic storm and bright auroras around the Arctic and Antarctic Circles.
5th - Last Quarter (11h 32m) HIGH
Mideast: Syria: A Syrian military aircraft crashed near the border between Syria and Turkey with ISIS militants claiming that they shot it down. Iraq: Iraqi forces began a new offensive to capture western Mosul from ISIS, forcing more than 45,000 to flee the city; this brings the total number displaced to 206,000 in one week. Iraqi forces advanced towards the old center of the city and the neighborhood were the governor's offices were located. Also a car bomb exploded in the area. There were no reports on the casualties, while about 700,000 citizens remained in the city where hunger and fear dominated. Libya: Rival armed factions fought for control over the "oil crescent" - crucial oil terminals in the east. The country is regionally split with two centers of power that oppose each other, and a myriad of rival armed groups. Fears are that this would trigger a wider war that could bring down the country. Europe: Italy: Mount Etna volcano continued to erupt with ash plumes. Asia: North Korea: Four missiles were fired from the Tongchang-ri region, near the North's border with China, and it fell into the Sea of Japan, increasing tensions in the region. Oceanian: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Kandrian, Papua New Guinea (03-05; 22:47). Africa: Somalia: A region of the country was in the grips of a severe drought that in 48 hours had left at least 110 dead. Fears emerged that a full-blown famine will follow, affecting almost three million people. Madagascar: Tropical Cyclone Enawo strengthened into a dangerous cyclone as it would make landfall in the north. As strong as a Category 2 hurricane, the cyclone was still strengthening and packing destructive winds, flooding rains and a powerful storm surge. The north was at risk for life-threatening flooding rain and destructive wind gusts in excess of 100 mph (160 kph). Mozambique: The Limpopo River burst its banks in the southern province of Gaza and Save River has, for the second time this year, inundated the town of Machanga, in the central province of Sofala due to heavy rains in neighboring Zimbabwe. This forced to evacuation of thousands, destroyed and several roads in the Limpopo Valley have been cut off. Zambia: A church was distributing food at a public hall in Lusaka when it triggered a stampede, killing at least eight and injuring twenty-eight. Mali: Militants attacked an army post near the border with Burkina Faso, killing eleven soldiers and wounding five. North America: US: A storm system developed that would bring severe thunderstorms, hail, flooding downpours, and isolated tornadoes stretching from eastern Oklahoma and Arkansas to southeastern Minnesota. Texas was hit by heavy rains that triggered widespread flooding. Snow squalls in Pennsylvania triggered a 32-vehicle pileup on Interstate 81, killing one and injuring twenty-three. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and ash plumes. Solar Activity: Contrary to forecasts, the solar wind continued as a strong fast wind that triggered auroras in the Arctic and Antarctic (some were visible in New Zealand).
8th-9th - Mid-Phase HIGH
Mideast: Iraq: Government forces recaptured a prison northwest of Mosul where ISIS miltants - Sunni extremists - killed as many as 600 inmates there, most of them Shia Muslims. The next day, two ISIS suicide bombers targeted a wedding in the village of Hajaj, killing at least twenty-six and wounding twenty-five. Syria: Coalition airstrikes in the ISIS stronghold of Raqqa killed 20 civilians. In addition, the US sent 400 additional troops to Syria to support an allied local force. Europe: Greece: About 1,300 farmers protested outside the agricultural ministry in Athens due to addition taxes and pension payments that were deeply affecting their profits. Protesters set fires, attacked police vehicles and threw gasoline bombs at police, who responded with tear gas. Italy: A highway bridge collapsed near the city of Ancona, killing two and injuring two. Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a highly explosive eruption that produced large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Afghanistan: ISIS militants dressed as doctors stormed the largest military hospital in Kabul, killing more than thirty and wounding more than fifty. The attackers gained entry by detonating explosives at a gate and then opened fire on staff and patients. Oceania: Bagana volcano on Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption. Myanmar/China: At least 20,000 in Myanmar fled across the border to China after violence erupted between ethnic rebels and security forces. Earlier in the week an attack targeted police and military posts in Laukkai, killing thirty. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Sinabung volcano, on the island of Sumatra, also underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Libya: A man was shot dead by a bank guard in the town of Gorji, afterwhich the dead man's family and other residents then attacked the armed militia group guarding the bank and set it on fire. Madagascar: Tropical Cyclone Enawo - equivalent to a Category 4 hurricane - made landfall, causing considerable damage in the north and northeast, and killing at least fifty, injuring 180 and displacing 153,000. The cyclone destroyed houses, uprooted trees, and triggered widespread flooding and power outages, forcing mass evacuations. Then schools and businesses closed as parts of the nation were put on red alert. Nigeria: Violence broke out between the Hausa community – mostly economic migrants from the north - and the local Yoruba community, leaving at least twenty dead. This led to a three-day dusk to dawn curfew in Ile-Ife city. North America: US: Dangerous, destructive winds - some hurricane force - swept eastward from the Great Lakes to the central Appalachians, knocking out power to more than a million. The winds also downed trees, damaged buildings and triggered flooding. The next day, severe thunderstorms brought damaging winds, large hail and heavy downpours from Missouri to Tennessee. Wildfires swept across multiple states in the central US, consuming as many as one million acres and killing at least seven. In some places it forced evacuations and killed hundreds of farm animals. Bogoslof volcano near the Aleutian Islands of Alaska underwent an explosive eruption, sending an ash plume 35,000 feet (10,670 m) into the air. Central America: Guatemala: A fire erupted at the girls shelter, Virgen de Asuncion in San Jose Pinula, killing nineteen girls and injuring forty. It was believed that the fire had been intentionally set, since a day earlier a riot broke out as the result of the girls being mistreated or sexually abused; about sixty had escaped. Santa Maria (Santiaguito) volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: Even without sunspots for two days, geomagnetic storms and bright auroras were taking place around the Arctic Circle, as is typical around the March equinox.
Alert: There are indications that the eastern US will be hit with a massive snowstorm in March or early April. Also, there is a strong possibility that the western US will be hit by a strong earthquake from now until mid-April. It is most likely to take place in Northern California, but it is also probable in the region from Southern California to Portland, Oregon and Seattle, Washington.
12th - Full Moon (14h 54m) HIGH
Mideast: Iraq: Fighting between Iraqi forces and ISIS militants intensified, forcing more civlians to flee Mosul. Asia: Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Ethiopia : A landslide at the Koshe garbage landfill outside of Addis Ababa suddenly collapsed leaving at least 113 dead with dozens missing, and buring several makeshift homes and concrete buildings. Somalia: A suicide car bomber targeted a hotel in Mogadishu, killing at least ten and wounding four. It is believed that the militant group al-Shabab was reponsible as they often targeted hotels in Mogadishu. Ethiopia/South Sudan: Gunmen from South Sudan raided neighboring Ethiopia's Gambella's Gog and Jor areas, killing twenty-eight and kidnapped forty-three children. North America: US: A snowstorm first brought snow and travel problems in the Midwest. It develop into the season's biggest nor'easter snowstorm and would cover an area from Washington, DC, to New York City and Boston; as was predicted (see above entry). The storm would bring a foot to a foot-and-a-half (300-480 mm) of snow, and winds of 40 mph (65 kph) with gusts around 60 mph (97 kph). South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption witth lava flows. Atlantic: Haiti: A runaway bus veered into a crowd in the city of Gonaives, leaving at least thirty-four dead and dozens injuried. Solar Activity: The Arctis Circle was filled with numerous auroras that could be seen even with a bright Full Moon.
15th-16th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM
Mideast: Syria: A suicide bomber targeted the Palace of Justice, the main court building in Damascus, killing at least thirty-one. Shorty afterward, another suicide bomber targeted the inside of a restaurant in western Damascus, killing several (exact numbers were not available) and wounding more than twenty. Most of those killed were Iraqi pilgrims. A Syrian al-Qaida affiliate claimed responsibility. The following day, an airstrike on a mosque in the rebel-held village of al-Jineh, in Aleppo province, killed at least forty-two and wounded many more. Yemen: A military ship and a helicopter opened fire on a Somali refugee boat in the dead of night, killing at least forty-two. Europe: Austria: A large avalanche swept away a ski group in the remote Jochgrubenkopf peak in the Tyrol region in the Austrian Alps, killing four. Italy: Etna volcano produced a new lava flow at the southern base of the southeast crater. The eruption injuried at least ten people. Asia: India: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of Mohean (03-14; 02:51). Africa: Libya: Fighting continued between rival militias in the capital Tripoli. The main roads leading into residential districts, and the highway were blocked using sand-piles, shipping containers, and burning tires. Shops and schools were closed, a TV station was set on fire, and a rocket hit a hospital. Anti-aircraft guns and tanks were also used. Nigeria: Four female suicide bombers knocked on the doors of houses in a residential area in the city of Maiduguri and then detonated their devices, killing themselves and two civlians, and wounding at least sixteen. Burkina Faso: Militants torched the Baraboule School near Djibo in Soum province and kidnapped two people. Kenya: Heavily armed attackers raided several villages in Baringo county, torched houses and killed at least nine. Hundreds of residents fled the area, but many were missing and possibly dead. Somalia: Pirates off the coast hijacked an oil tanker with eight Sri Lankan crew on board and then demanded a ransom for the release of the ship and its crew. The next day, naval forces from the semi-autonomous region of Puntland in Somalia exchanged gunfire with the pirates, who then gave up the ship and its crew without the ransom. South Sudan: Gunmen attacked an aid convoy in the town of Yirol, killing two and wounding three. North America: US: The Northeast was digging-out after a dangerous storm with strong winds and plummeting temperatures left rock-hard ice for some and others with more than two feet (610 mm) of snow. The powerful Nor'easter paralyzed much of the Washington-to-Boston region, closing schools, roadways and businesses. At least three were killed. Burlington International Airport in Vermont was blanketed with 60.6 inches (1,540 mm) of snow. This storm was predicted (see March 8th-9th "Alert"). The high tide put several communities under water in parts of New York and New Jersey. A new storm developed that was headed for the Northeast again. South America: Brazil: Tens of thousands took part in protests across the country against planned reforms to the pension system amid the worst recession in more than a century. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. In a separate incident, the Peruvian army dispatched helicopters and soldiers to rescue 210 residents trapped by floodwaters in the Lambayeque Region alone. Heavy rains triggered widespread flooding, mudslides and landslides that wrecked havoc, killing at least seventy-two and leaving tens of thousands homeless. The regions of Piura, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Callao, Lima and northern Peru were all affected. Chile: The Nevados de Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: Ambrym volcano on the island of Vanuatu erupted with lava flows that formed lava lakes. Solar Activity: Even though the Sun has been sunspot-free for ten days, auroras were abundant in the Arctic Circle. Meanwhile, a coronal hole opened up on the Sun's surface and would eventually trigger auroras and geomagnetic storms as it swings into a position that would strike Earth.
20th - Last Quarter (15h 58m) and Vernal Equinox MAXIMUM
Mideast: Iraq: A car bomber targeted a market in the mainly Shia Amil district in Baghdad, killing at least twenty-three and wounding at least forty-five. It was believed that ISIS was responsible. The ongoing battle in the city of Mosul had forced more than 180,000 civilians to flee in the last month, and the UN warned that an additional 320,000 could flee in the coming weeks. Syria: Escalating, coalition airstrikes lead Syria's al-Qaida branch to step up violence against the country's strongholds with precise attacks, including a surprising breach of the capital in the most serious infiltration in years. The insurgents used tunnels they control in northeastern Damascus to hit government positions. Two bombers detonated explosives-laden trucks against army positions, as well. The insurgents were then pushed back to were they started by elite government forces. The following day a coalition airstrike near the city of Raqqa killed at least thirty-three civilians at a school. Asia: Oceania: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck north of Auki, Solomon Islands (03-19; 15:43). Yasur volcano on the Tanna Island, Vanuatu, underwent an eruption with persistent strombolian activity and ash plumes. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Ghana: A large tree fell on a group of mainly high school students at a popular waterfall spot in Kintampo, killing at least nineteen and injuring twenty-two. The students were swimming during a storm when the tree fell. South Sudan: A plane on its way from Juba, with at forty-nine crew and passangers on board, crash landed in Wau, injuring fourteen with at least three in critical condition. Kenya: Borana herders attacked Samburu herders and stole about 400 cattle which lead to a revenge attack by the Samburu, leaving eleven dead. North America: US: Thunderstorms with heavy rain, gusty winds of 40 to 50 mph (65-80 kph) and large hail swept southward from the Ohio Valley to the Tennessee Valley, middle Mississippi Valley and the southern Appalachians. In Hoopeston, Illinois thunderstorms rained down hail the size of baseballs that damaged buildings and vehicles. Central America: Guatemala: A riot broke out at a youth detention center in Guatemala City, killing two guards and injuring five who were also being held hostage. Riot police surrounded the jail and fired tear gas but failed to regain control of the prison where inmates set mattresses on fire. South America: Peru: More rain plagued the country as the death toll rose to seventy-five amid the worst flooding in decades, and additional downpours were expected in the coming weeks. Twenty were missing and another 100,000 were directly impacted by the flooding. Rivers were spilling over their banks triggering more widespread flooding. Solar Activity: Though there was a spotless Sun there were more cosmic rays and auroras were triggered.
23rd-24th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM
Mideast: Egypt: A raid against militants in the Sinai peninsula left fifteen militants dead and seven others arrested. Meanwhile, the raid was met with two roadside bomb blasts that killed ten Egyptian soldiers. Iraq: A coalition airstrike in Mosul intended to oust ISIS miltants left about two hundred civilians dead. Estimates claim 400,000 Iraqi civilians were trapped in the city, and without food and water they expected to flee soon, as have 180,000 already. Europe: UK: A car plowed into pedestrians as it sped across Westminster Bridge and crashed into railings just outside Britian's parliament, killing six and wounding forty. ISIS claimed responsibility though the investigation indicated he was a "lone wolf". Ukraine: A series of explosions at a massive arms depot - storing thousands of tons of ammunition, including missiles and artillery weapons - on the base in Balakliya, near Kharkiv, forcing about 20,000 to evacuate. It was deemed possible that a drone dropped an explosive device, as occurred in a failed attempt in December 2015. Russia: A clash with armed militants in Russia's region of Chechnya, left six Russian soldiers dead and several wounded. Six of the militants were also killed. Spain, France and Italy: Heavy rains spread from Barcelona, Spain, to Nice, France and coastal northwestern Italy, triggering widespread flooding as streams spilled over their banks. Earlier the storm brought an unusual snow to Madrid. Rough seas and flooded roads brought traveling to a standstill and closed schools and businesses. Asia: Afghanistan: After a year-long battle the Taliban captured the district of Sangin forcing goverment forces to retreat. Hundreds of Afghan security forces died there in recent fighting. Separately and earlier in the day, at least nine local policemen were killed in an attack in Kunduz. Africa: Libya: Two capsized boats were discovered off the coast in the Mediterranean suggesting that more than two hundred and forty immigrants had drowned. Somalia: Pirates seized a boat that they plan to use as a base for attacking larger ships. The ten-man Yemeni crew were left on the shore. Democratic Republic of Congo: Months of fighting between the police and a local tribal militia called Kamuina Nsapu lead to a blow to the police when the militia ambushed and then beheaded about forty police officers. Australia: A cyclone was developing in a tropical low spinning over the Coral Sea that would become a severe tropical cyclone threatening Northeastern Queensland. It would peak into the equivalent of a Category 3 hurricane, and also bring flooding rains, tornadoes and a flooding storm surge. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms brought isolated tornadoes, wind gusts over 60 mph (100 kph), large hail, frequent lightning strikes and flash flooding throughout the central US. These storms would then move east in the following days. The next day, after a dramatic drop in temperatures, windswept snow shut down portions of interstates in Colorado. South America: Peru: The country continued to be hit with storm after storm, leading to catastrophic mudslides and flooding, killing more than eighty, affecting more than 650,000 and leaving more than 145,000 properties damaged or destroyed. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection triggered auroras and geomagnetic storms around both poles.
28th - New Moon (2h 57m) MAXIMUM
Mideast: Iraq: A suicide car bomber targeted a police checkpoint in Baghdad, killing fifteen and wounding forty. Europe: Russia: Kambalny volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent an eruption with ash plumes. A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck north of Ust'-Kamchatsk Staryy (03-29; 04:09). Asia: Papua New Guinea: Bagana volcano on Bougainville Island underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: A breakdown in talks that were meant to secure the peaceful departure from power of the current president triggered a massive protest. Police dispersed protesters in Kinshasa by firing teargas and bullets into the air. Numerous protesters were injuried while businesses shutdown and public transport was brought to a standstill. Nigeria: A meningitis outbreak in six states left at least 140 dead, while more than a thousand were infected. Australia: The cyclone that began to form during the last lunar phase strengtheneed into Cyclone Debbie with wind gusts of 163 mph (263 kph). It caused major damage, torrential rain brought widespread flooding, and power was cut to tens of thousands of homes when it struck northwest Queensland. More than eight inches (205 mm) of rain fell in an hour. The Australian Prime Minister declared it a disaster and put into effect a response plan. North America: US: A 6.1 magnitude eqarthquake struck west of Attu Station, Alaska (03-27; 10:50). Severe thunderstorms swept the south-central US, affecting portions of Texas and Oklahoma. Hail larger than tennis balls, wind gusts over 60 mph (97 kph) and damaging tornadoes pounded the region; four were killed. The system then moved eastward, putting 17 million people at risk for bad weather. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. South America: Peru: The country was still being plagued by heavy rains. This time the river Piura burst its banks in the north, triggering widespread flooding that killed four. More than 500 people were evacuated from rooftops in the town of Catacaos alone, while hundreds still awaited rescue. More rain was in the forcast. Solar Activity: A solar wind triggered auroras and geomagnetic storms. The auroras could be seen as far south as Michigan, Wyoming and Minnesota. Two new spots developed on the Earthside of the Sun as they triggered C-class solar flares.
31st-April 1st - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM
Mid-East: Iraq: ISIS was using children as human shields as they fight to keep control of the city of Mosul. Europe: France: A bonfire exploded at a carnival injuring at least eighteen; the cause was not yet known. Asia: Pakistan: A car bomber targeted a Shiite Muslim mosque in the town of Parachinar, killing at least twenty-four and wounding over one hundred; it also damaged vehicles and nearby shops. Jamaat-ul-Ahrar - previously group associated with Taliban militants - claimed responsibility. Bangladesh: At the end of the two day stand-off at Moulvibazar, suspected Islamist militants blew themselves up killing at least eight. India: A dangerous heat wave killed at least two, as millions of others were at risk for heat-related illnesses. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Bagana volcano on Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. Indonesia: Heavy rains triggered a major landslide in East Java's Banaran village in the Ponorogo district, killing at least eleven and damaging or detroying homes. Africa: Somalia: Pirates hijacked an Indian cargo ship with eleven crew on board off the coast of the Puntland region. It was later located by the European anti-piracy force in the region. Australia: The remnants of Cyclone Debbie still brought heavy rains with rivers being pushed over their banks triggering widespread flooding in two states. At least two women died in New South Wales and others were also likely drowned by the floods. Tens of thousands of residents were evacuated as homes and businesses were submerged. The floodwaters left vehicles submerged and stranded on highways. North America: US: A storm system spread heavy, wet snow and some ice across the Northeast, including upstate New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, western Maine, and Massachusetts. Travel was brought to a near standstill. Severe thunderstorms with torrential downpours, large hail and strong wind gusts brought flooding and property damage across the western and central Gulf Coast states. South America: Paraguay: A bill that would let the president seek re-election triggered a massive, violent protest where demonstraters set fire to the country's Congress, breaking windows and fences. Four police officers were arrested after a protester was killed. Colombia: Rivers burst their banks after hours of heavy rains, flooding homes with mud in Putumayo province. The rains also triggered a major landslide, killing at least 262, at least 220 were missing, and another 202 were injured. An entire town and bridges were swept away. The president declared a state of emergency in the region. Atlantic: South: A huge South Korean cargo ship with twenty-four people on board went missing after asking for help when the ship began taking on water. Rescue boats could not find the ship. Solar Activity: The solar wind was blowing for days, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras in Arctic and Antarctic. Then Sunspot AR2644 erupted with a significant M4-class solar flare.
3th - First Quarter (18h 39m) MAXIMUM
Mideast: Iraq: The battle to capture Mosul away from ISIS continued. Five suicide bombers on foot targeted a police station, three were killed by police and two blew themselves up, killing ten policemen and wounding about thirty. Syria: Aircraft dropped chemical weapons on civilians in Idlib, killing at least one hundred, including twenty-seven children, and and injuring at least four hundred. Europe: Russia: A Central Asian bomber targeted two underground stations in Saint Petersburg, killing at least eleven and wounding forty-five. It was believed to be a terrorist attack. Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows and ash plumes. Asia: Pakistan: An overnight airstrike targeted a major training center in Shamulzayi district of Zabul province, killing at least twenty-two Taliban insurgents. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: The capital Kinshasa, was so deserted as the result of a general strike that it was called a "ghost town". The strike was the result of the president's failure to implement a power-sharing deal. Botswana: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck west of Moijabana (04-03; 17:40). North America: US: The south was inundated by torrential rain, hail and flooding. Multiple tornadoes damaged and destroyed buildings and killed four. Roads were underwater due to heavy rain in Lafayette, Louisiana. After damaging storms pounded Texas and the Mississippi Valley, severe weather moved eastward across the Southeast bringing large hail, isolated tornadoes and flash flooding; more than 50,000 were without power. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. South America: Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. Solar Activity: Solar flare activity suddenly became high in the beginning of April, as an M4.4-class flare erupted - the strongest of the year.
6th-7th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM
Mideast: Iraq: Militant suicide bombers unleashed multiple attacks in the city of Tikrit, killing at least thirty. Government forces continued an offensive to retake Mosul. Meanwhile, ISIS miltants killed dozens of civilians attempting to flee. Syria: The US president unilaterally ordered an attack by bombarding a Syrian air base suspected of using chemical weapons (see previous lunar phase). At least six were killed in the missile strikes. Israel: A Palestinian undertook a car-ramming attack in the occupied West Bank, killing one Israeli soldier and wounding another near the Jewish settlement of Ofra. Iran: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck north of Torbat-e Jam (04-05; 06:09). Europe: Sweden: A truck ploughed into a crowd on a shopping street and crashed into a department store in central Stockholm, killing four and wounding fifteen. The motive was not known, but terrorism was suspected. Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows and ash plumes. Asia: Pakistan: A suicide bomber targeted a van carrying census officials in Lahore, killing six and wounding twenty, three critcally. The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility. Indonesia: The Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. Australia and New Zealand: Australia: The Fitzroy River in central Queensland spilled over its banks flooding hundreds of homes, and submerging roads and vehicles in the city of Rockhampton. New Zealand: The remnants of Cyclone Debbie pounded New Zealand's North Island with heavy rain, forcing the evacuation of the entire town of Edgecumbe. Heavy rains also brought widepread flooding to Wellington and New Zealand's South Island. Kaikoura, cut off from the outside world by an earthquake in November 2016, was once again isolated as landslides closed roads. Hundreds of homes and businesses, and thousands of residents were affected. Africa: Zimbabwe: A bus traveling to neighboring South Africa collided with a truck and then burst into flames, killing at least seventeen and injuring at least forty, some critically. Somalia: Armed men kidnapped five aid workers on an immunization program in the town of Beledweyne. The militant group al-Shabab was believed to have been responsibile. In a seperate incident, a minibus hit a landmine outside Golweyn village, killing twenty, only the injuried driver survived. In a seperate incident, mortar attacks took place in Mogadishu, killing at least three and wounding two. South Africa: Tens of thousands took to the streets to voice their anger at the president, calling for his resignation. Nigeria: Boko Haram killed four soldiers in an ambush near the town of Gulumba, nearby they had torched an army base a day after killing seven civilians. Uganda: A morning downpour in the capital Kampala brought widespread flooding submerging homes, businesses, roads and vehicles. North America: US: A powerful storm brought heavy rain, snow and strong winds to California, Oregon and Washington. Winds along the coasts, over the ridges and through the passes reached hurricane-force in some locations. Damaging storms also brought hurricane-force winds, tornadoes, large hail and power outages from Georgia to Indiana. Low-lying areas along the rivers in the Midwest, including the Illinois, Wabash, Kankakee, Rock, Missouri, Portage, Grand and Saginaw rivers, spilled over their banks bringing widespread flooding. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Venezuela: Violent clashes between demonstrators and police took place in Caracas after the opposition leader was banned from office for fifteen years.
11th - Full Moon (6h 08m) HIGH
Mideast: Yemen: Fighting between the Saudi Arabia-led coalition and Houthi forces left five Sudanese soldiers dead and twenty-two wounded. A UN refugee agency issued a warning of the risk of mass deaths from starvation. Syria: An airstrike by the US-led coalition fighting ISIS in Tabqah killed eighteen Syrian fighters allied with the US. Europe: Germany: Three explosions targeted a bus carrying the Borussia Dortmund soccer team on its way to the Champions League quarter-final match against Monaco. The bus's windows were broken and tires flattened in the blasts, but only injuried one of the players. Turkey: A large explosion targeted a police station in the mostly Kurdish city of Diyarbakir. At least four were injuried in the blast which was the result of the ongoing conflict between the Turkish government and Kurdish separatists. Egypt: Bombers targeted two Coptic Christian churches leaving at least forty-five dead. Asia: Indian-administered Kashmir: Paramilitary forces fired bullets and shotgun pellets as people protesting against Indian rule stormed polling stations near Srinagar. Two schools were set on fire, roads were blocked with barricades and some train services were also suspended. Eight were killed and dozens injuried. Africa: Various: A UN refugee agency issued a warning of the risk of mass deaths from starvation in Somalia, South Sudan, and northeast Nigeria. Nigeria: Violent protests by students demanding better living conditions forced the shut down of the main university in the capital, Niamey, in response. Police used tear gas and students threw stones and set fires; the death of one student was reported. Somalia: Pirates took over an Indian cargo ship earlier in April. Somali security forces finally rescued the ship, but the hijackers took nine of the 11-man crew when they fled ashore. South Sudan: Ethnic militiamen went house to house searching for people from other ethnic groups, killing at least sixteen. Some say that the militia were working with the government. Australia: A tropical storm north of Darwin was developing and heading for the Northern Territory with heavy rainfall, strong winds and rough seas. The region this storm would hit was the same location of a cyclone that hit two weeks ago that killed six. The storm could develop into a cyclone. North America: Mexico: A partialy built parking garage in Mexico City collapsed, killing seven and injuring ten. US: Florida was placed under a state of emergency as more than 100 wildfires were burning across the state. Storms with drenching rain and mountain snow swept in from the Pacific Ocean into the Northwest, bringing flooding, mudslides and landslides. The upper Midwest was hit with severe thunderstorms that brought damaging winds, large hail, heavy rain, and flooding. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection was heading for Earth.
14th-15th - Mid-Phase
Mideast: Iraq: An airstrike by coalition forces to retake the Great Mosque of al-Nuri, also killed one of the most senior leaders of ISIS. Syria: Several thousand people were evacuated from Foah, Kefraya, Madaya and Zabadani under a deal between the government and rebels. The UN had described the situation in the four towns as "catastrophic" as many starved to death, and hopes were that 64,000 more would eventually evacuate. The next day, a huge car bomb targeted a convoy of buses carrying evacuees, killing at least one hundred and twenty-six. Iran: Torrential rains hit four provinces, submerging roads and buildings, while vehicles were swept away. It also triggered a landslide and killed at least thirty. Europe: Italy: Mount Etna volcano underwent a new eruptive phase with lava flows and ash plumes. Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a highly explosive eruption with lava and large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Afghanistan: The US launched the most powerful non-nuclear bomb ever used targeting an ISIS base and tunnel system in Nangarhar province. At least ninety militants were killed. Myanmar (Burma): A developing tropical cyclone in the Bay of Bengal was strengthening as it headed for Myanmar where it brought flooding rain, locally damaging winds and dangerous seas. Philippines: Tropical Depression 02W developing in the Philippine Sea brought locally flooding downpours across the central part of the islands. Vanuatu: Yasur volcano on Tanna island underwent an eruption with persistent strombolian activity. Sri Lanka: A huge garbage dump collapsed on to homes, killing at least nineteen and injuring dozens. Many people were missing and at least twenty were trapped in their homes. The garbage had shifted after floods and a fire, and then collapsed, destroying forty homes. Africa: Tanzania: An unknown gunman ambushed police who were driving from patrols back to Bungu village, killing eight. Libya: Another migrant boat sank off the coast drowning about one hundred migrants. Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand: Cyclone Cook had swept the country, causing landslides, overflowing rivers, widespread flooding, power outages, and submerged roads, buildings and vehicles; one person was killed. Authorities declared a state of emergency in parts of the North Island. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms pounded an area from northwestern Texas to southern Wisconsin bringing heavy flooding downpours, strong winds and hail. Texas was hit with least seven tornadoes - some of them huge - most of which were in the rural areas near the New Mexico border. Protests meant to get the US president to reveal his taxes took place in more than 150 locations across the nation. In Berkeley, California, clashes erupted between the president's opponents and supporters; fourteen were arrested and dozens were injuried. Central America: Costa Rica: Poás volcano underwent phreatic eruptions and geyser-like ejections of water from the acid crater lake. South America: Chile: A 6.2 magntude earthquake struck east of San Pedro de Atacama (04-15; 08:19). Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection swept the Earth's magnetic field, sparking auroras and geomagnetic storms.
19th - Last Quarter (9h 58m) HIGH
Mideast: Syria: Evacuations from two government-held areas resumed after the killing of 126 evacuees last lunar phase. Egypt: A gunmen opened fire on a checkpoint near St Catherine's monastery, killing one and wounding three policemen. Yemen: A military helicopter crashed in Marib Province, killing tweleve Saudi soldiers. It was reportedly caused by "friendly" fire. Europe: Black Sea: A violent storm in the Black Sea forced a cargo ship - carrying grain from southern Russia to Turkey - to capsize with a crew of tweleve on board. Only one of the crew was rescued. France: A convicted criminal shot a police officer in the head on the Champs Elysees in Paris, triggering a massive response: the gunman was killed. Three days later there were about 50,000 police and 7,000 soldiers deployed around the country as the presidential election got underway. Asia: India: A bus plunged off a mountain road in the state of Himachal Pradesh, killing at least forty-four and injuring tweleve. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Mali: A raid on a camp in the remote Gourma Rharous region, not far from Timbuktu, left five soliders and ten attackers dead. ISIS miltants were suspected of the attack. North America: US: A powerful storm swept parts of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, Indiana and Ohio with dangerous and damaging winds, hail and tornadoes. Heavy, gusty thunderstorms swept southward through the lower Ohio and middle Mississippi valleys, as well. South America: Venezuela: Tens of thousands of protesters took to the streets demanding a new presidential election and the release of jailed opposition politicians. Clashes between protesters and riot police left more than thirty arrested and at least two killed. Colombia: Heavy rains - a month's rain in one night - triggered landslides in the city of Manizales, killing at least seven, while twenty were missing. Landslides left thirty homes destroyed in different parts of the city. Atlantic: An unusually early subtropical depression (no. 1) developed and would go on to become Subtropical Storm Arlene. Pacific: South: A 6.0 magnitde earthquake struck north of Ndoi Island, Fiji (04-18; 17:11). Bagana volcano on the island of Bougainville underwent an explosve eruption with ash plumes. Solar Activity: Old sunspot AR2644 returned - now designated AR2651 - and exploded sending a coronal mass ejection into space.
22nd-23rd - Mid-Phase HIGH
Mideast: Iraq: forces retook two more districts in the west of the city from ISIS, as hundreds more flee the city. More than 410,000 people displaced since the offensive to retake Mosul began in October. Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban insurgents targeted an army base as some were leaving prayers at a mosque and others were in a canteen. The attack left more than 140 of the soldiers and at least ten Taliban dead (late on the 21st). India: A truck plowed into a group of farmers protesting against illegal sand mining in the state of Andhra Pradesh, killing at least twenty and injuring many. Some of the locals said that it was deliberate. In a searate incident, about 300 Maoists, in the state of Chhattisgarh, attacked and killed twenty-four policemen. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera uderwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: South Africa: A truck collided with a bus that then burst into flames just north of the capital, Pretoria, killing at least nineteen children and the bus driver. Somalia: A roadside bomb in a town in the semi-autonomous state of Puntland killed eight and injured three soldiers. North America: US: Gusty storms, flooding downpours, hail and severe thunderstorms pounded the Southeast, as powerful rip currents eroded Florida beaches. Thousands of homes were evacuated as more than one hundred wildfires spread across Florida consuming homes, businesses and land. The town of Amherst and parts of Niagara County, New York, were under a state of emergency as record rainfall and swollen rivers triggered widespread flooding. Massive wall clouds produced severe weather in Oklahoma, triggering supercells that produced tornadoes, funnels, and large hail along its path. Buildings, homes and vehicles were damaged or destroyed. Central America: Costa Rica: Poás volcano underwent an eruption with occasional ejections of water from the acid crater lake. South America: Venezuela: Tens of thousands dressed in white marched in silence to honor the twenty protesters killed in three weeks of protests against the government of the current president. Chile: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck west of Valparaiso (04-24; 21:38) after a number of smaller quakes (on 04-23). Pacific: South: Bagana volcano on Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption. Langila volcano on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea, also underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: The coronal mass ejection days ago surprised forecasters when it hit Earth (they assumed it would miss), triggering bright auroras that could be seen as far south as Michigan, Minnesota, and Washington.
26th - New Moon (12h 16m) HIGH
Mideast: Iraq: After fierce clashes, a paramilitary force recaptured the ancient city of Hatra, which had been destroyed by ISIS militants. Europe: Turkey: The police undertook operations across the country, detaining more than 1,000 people with suspected links to a radical Islamic cleric. Warrants were also issued for the detention of about 2,200 other suspects. All of these people may have had a part in last summer's attempted coup, and could still be a danger to the country. More than 9,000 police officers were suspended. In a separate incident, the military undertook airstrikes in northern Syria and northern Iraq that killed about two dozen Kurdish fighters. The airstrikes were condemned by Syria, Iraq and the US. Africa: Guinea: People in the small mining town of Boke could no longer tolerate power cuts and high levels of pollution, triggering a riot in which protesters destroyed property, vehicles and equipment. Nigeria: Four suicide bombers blew themselves up in the city of Maiduguri, killing one and wounding eleven and destroying property and vehicles. North America: US: Severe storms swept through the lower Mississippi and Ohio valleys, bringing damaging hurricane-force winds, hail, flooding, tornadoes and power outages for thousands. In Arkansas roads were underwater and buildings were damaged. In the East, dangerous flooding swept across the Carolinas, causing road closures, water rescues and rivers to rise above flood stage. The govenor warned the residents that there would be the worst flooding since Hurricane Matthew. South America: Brazil: Thousands of indigenous natives gathered in front of the Congress building to protest against the intrusion of loggers and farmers on their land. Riot police used tear gas against bows and arrows (on the 25th). Pacific: North-central: A slow moving storm swept across the Hawaiian Islands, bringing widespread flooding, mudslides, and washed out roads. Solar Activity: Geomagnetic storms and auroras were triggered as the Earth was exiting a coronal mass ejection that began days ago.
29th-30th - Mid-Phase HIGH
Mideast: Syria: An Israeli missile strike triggered a large explosion and fire at a military site near the Damascus International Airport. The explosion damaged warehouses and a fuel tank. The airstirke was undertaken to prevent Iran from smuggling weapons to Hezbollah. In a separate incident, allied Kurdish and Arab militias, known as the Syrian Democratic Forces, captured six more districts in the strategic city of Tabqa. Also, infighting erupted between militant armed groups in Damascus suburbs, killing ninety-five. Europe: Turkey: The government dismissed almost another 4,000 public officials in a latest purge of those associated with a failed coup last year (see previous lunar phase). Asia: Philippines: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck west of Balangonan and soutwest of of Burias (04-28 20:23). A tsunami warning was issued for areas around the location of the quake. Japan: Sakurajima volcano in Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. Africa: Mali/Burkina Faso: French forces in West Africa killed or captured more than twenty militants in a forest near Mali's border with Burkina Faso. Violence also intensified in neighboring Burkina Faso. North America: US: Widespread flooding and severe weather swept across the Central states. A huge tornado touched down southeast of Dallas, Texas near Canton, leaving behind massive destruction, at least sixteen dead and one hundred injuried. Flooding extended from Oklahoma City to Saint Louis and Cincinnati, forcing evacuations and road closures. Homes, businesses and vehicles were damaged or destroyed. As a result of the rain numerous rivers would swell to major or record flood stage. Unexpectedly, snow blanketed an area from Texas to Minnesota with some places getting as much as two feet (610 mm) and blizzard conditions. A 6.3 (05-01; 14:18) and 6.2 (05-01; 12:31) magnitude earthquakes struck west of Skagway, Alaska. South America: Brazil: Violence broke out at the end of a general strike with vehicles and road blocks set on fire, and shops being vandalized and looted. Police responded with tear gas and rubber bullets. Most people stayed inside to avoid the violence. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: North: A military plane crashedd into the Loma de la Pimienta mountain range on the west side of Cuba, killing all eight on board. The cause was unknown. Solar Activity: The Earth was crossing a sector of the Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic field, triggering auroras and geomagnetic storms.
3rd - First Quarter (2h 47m) MODERATE
Mideast: Iran: Miners in a tunnel tried to reach thirty-two miners trapped underground after an explosion and then twenty-one of the would-be rescuers were killed. An additional seventy were injuried and the trapped miners were still underground as rescuers were hampered by concerns about gas in the tunnels. Twenty involved in the rescue had been taken for treatment after inhaling gas. Iraq: A missile attack on the El-Vela School in Mosul, which is under the control of Daesh militants, killed at least eighty-one. It was not known which side launched the missile. Europe: Eastern: Severe thunderstorms with damaging winds, flooding, large hail and isolated tornadoes swept through northern Greece into Poland, Belarus and western Ukraine. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber targeted an American military convoy in Kabul, killing at least eight Afghan civilians and wounding three soldiers. In a separate incident, an ISIS suicide bomber targeted a convoy belonging to NATO, killing at least eight and wounding twenty-five. All of the victims were civilians. Vehicles and buildings were severely dmaged by the blast. Africa: Mali: Suspected Islamist militants ambushed an army convoy, killing nine soldiers. Somalia: The country's Public Works Minister was killed after an attack on his convoy in the capital, Mogadishu. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms battered parts of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama with flooding, large hail, damaging winds and isolated tornadoes. Dangerous flooding in northeastern Arkansas worsened when a levee failed along the Black River, near the town of Pocahontas, forcing evacuations from homes and businesses. The govenor brought out the National Guard to combat Arkansas flooding following at least nine levee breaches. Days of heavy rain resulted in record crests of numerous rivers across the central US (see previous lunar phase). More heavy rains again swept the central US which was already experiencing widespread flooding. Record-breaking rainfall caused deadly flooding across Missouri, killing at least three. South America: Venezuela: Thousands of protesters blocked city streets in Caracas and elsewhere, setting fires and constructing road blocks. Security forces used tear gas and water cannon to control the anti-government demonstrators. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection that erupted on April 30th hit Earth, triggering auroras and geomagnetic storms.
6th-7th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Syria: Government airstrikes hit central Hama province, while there was shelling and gunfire in other parts of the country; casualties were not reported. Iraq: Military forces opened a new front in the operation against ISIS militants in Mosul, moving along the Kanisa, Haramat and Mushairfa districts from the north and joining with troops pushing into the Old City from the south. Meanwhile, widespread flooding forced Mosul residents to flee war in rickety, dangerous boats. Europe: Poland: Restrictions on democracy imposed by the government brought out thousands of opposition supporters in a protest march in Warsaw. Germany: Five World War II bombs were discovered in Hannover, forcing 50,000 to evacuate their homes and shops while experts defused the bombs. Russia: Klyuchevsky volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian and vulcanian activity, and lava flows. Mediterranean: Two shipwrecks occurred in the central Mediterranean, leaving about two-hundred and fifty people drowned. Asia: Afghanistan and Pakistan: Border police opened fire on troops who were guarding a census team in the Luqman and Jahangir villages, leaving at least six dead and thirty-one wounded, and prompting Pakistan to seal the Chaman border crossing (on the 5th). Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Tanzania: A bus plunged off the road into a steep ravine near the town of Karatu, killing more than thirty, most of which were school children. Somalia: A car-bomb blast in Mogadishu left at least six dead; it is likely that the militant group al-Shabab was responsible. North America: US: The rain-soaked Northeast was submerged under widespread flash flooding while parts of the Southeast were torn apart by several tornadoes. The widespread severe flooding in Missouri, Arkansas, Illinois, and Louisiana was expected to cost in excess of $1 billion in damages. A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck west of Tanaga Volcano, Alaska (05-08; 17:00). South America: Venezuela: Continuing a wave of protests against the rule of their president - that left at least thirty-six dead and hundreds injuried - hundreds of women marched in the capital, Caracas. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: Severe Tropical Cyclone Donna strengthened into a Category 4 storm and brought heavy rains to Vanuatu. Afterwhich it weakened into a Category 3 storm and was then headed for New Caledonia where it was expected to strengthen into a Category 4 storm again.
10th - Full Moon (21h 42m) MODERATE
Mideast: Syria: An alliance of Syrian Kurdish and Arab fighters took the town of Tabqa and its nearby dam from ISIS miltants after weeks of fighting. Asia: Japan: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck east of Hirara (05-09; 01:54). Indonesia: Dukono volcano on Halmahera island underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. Africa: Ghana: A gas tanker dispensing gas into containers exploded near Takoradi, the oil hub of Ghana, injuring more than one hundred. North America: Mexico: Stored fireworks exploded in the village of San Isidro Huilotepec in Puebla state, killing at least fourteen and injuring twenty (on the 9th). US: Dangerous and damaging thunderstorms swept the southern Plains which was already suffering from massive flooding. It had stalled over the Southwest bringing multiple rounds of hail and strong wind gusts in Colorado and New Mexico. The storm brought flooding downpours, large hail, strong winds and isolated tornadoes causing widespread damage. The central Plains, plagued by widespread flooding, was again being drenched by continuous rains that caused more widespread damages to property and threatened more lives. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: South: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck east of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (05-10; 23:23). Pacific: South: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Port-Olry, Vanuatu (05-09; 13:52). Southwest: Bagana volcano, on Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive erution with ash plumes. Eastern: The earliest tropical depression and tropical storm on record, named Adrian, formed. Conditions would be conducive for further strengthening as it headed for Mexico and Central America. Solar Activity: A "stealth" coronal mass ejection - one without an explosive event on the Sun - developed and headed for the Earth, triggering auroras and magnetic storms.
Mid-13th-Mid-15th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Global: A cyber-attack using malware - also called ransomware - struck more than 150 countries infecting more than 300,000 computers. In the US it was Fedex, in the UK it was 61 health organizations, in France Renault car factories were shutdown, in Russia it was 1,000 interior minsitry computers that were affected, and attacks affected computers around the world. A second attack was expected. Mideast: Syria: Airstrikes in Al-Bukamal by coalition forces attacking ISIS left at least twenty-three dead, some of which were civlians. It was discovered that as many as 20,000 inmates had been tortured and hanged at the military, Saydnaya prison, outside Damascus, and then burned them to hide the evidence. Europe: Greece: A train, travelling from Athens, derailed near the city of Thessaloniki, slamming into a house. Three were killed and many of the seventy passengers were injuried. Asia: Pakistan: An ISIS suicide bomber targeted the convoy of a deputy chairman of Pakistan’s upper house of parliament as it was traveling in the Balochistan province. While the assination attempt missed him it killed twenty-eight and wounded dozens. The next day thousands protested the deputy chairmen's sympathizing of the Taliban. Africa: Ivory Coast: After three consecutive days of protests by mutinous soldiers the military undertook an operation to "restore order". The soldiers protested in several cities about a pay dispute, and they said they would be willing to fight the military should it intervene. It did and the fighting began. Six were wounded when the soldiers opened fire on the protesters. The next day shooting resumed at barracks in Akouédo, a suburb of Abidjan. All banks were closed across the country, and the Ivorian army closed roads in Abidjan. Tunisia: ISIS militants began coming back to the country which set off protests as the public did not want them in their society. Central African Republic: A UN base in the the city of Bangassou was attacked by militiamen, killing about thirty civilians. North America: US: The central states were again hit with severe thunderstorms that brought flooding downpours, large hail, tornadoes and damaging wind gusts across Wisconsin, Colorado, Texas and Iowa. Another set of storms with the same characteristics swept South Dakota through Minnesota. Many buildings and vehicles were damaged or destroyed. Central America: Nicaragua: A popular and traditional market in the center of the capital, Managua, was mostly destroyed by a fire. More than sixty shops and stalls were completely destroyed. El Salvador: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck south of Acajutla (05-12; 10:41). Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and ash plumes. Chile: A storm developed in the Pacific Ocean just off the coast of Chile that brought heavy rain, widespread flooding, strong winds and high-elevation snow. Pacific: Southwest: Papua New Guinea: Bagana volcano on Bougainville Island underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck south of Namatanai (05-15; 13:22). A mass breakout at Buimo prison left seventeen inmates dead, shot by guards, while fifty-seven escaped. South: Tropical Cyclone Ella pounded Wallis and Futana islands with heavy rain, flooding and strong winds. The out-of-season Category 1 storm then headed for Vanuatu. Solar Activity: The Earth passed through an arm of the Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field, afterwhich a coronal mass ejection hit the Earth. Geomagnetic storms and auroras were plentiful.
19th - Late Quarter (0h 33m) MODERATE
Mideast: Libya: A government-allied militia attacked the Brak al-Shati airbase leaving at least one-hundred forty dead, mot of which were the self-proclaimed Libyan National Army (a group not recognized by the government). Syria: Airstrikes by the US-led coalition on a pro-Syrian government convoy near the Jordan border, destroying four tanks and killing eight soldiers. Meanwhile, intensified fighting in Mosul may force another 200,000 to flee the city. Europe: Greece: The Aegean island, Agios Efstratios, battled a plague of locusts, forcing a state of emergency to be declared; pesticides were not effective. Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a very explosive eruption with lava domes and large pyroclastic flows. Asia: India: Rumors of a child abduction ring in Jharkhand state sent mobs itno the streets beating to death six people. In a separate incident, a pedestrian bridge collapsed in the state of Goa, killing at least two, while several others were missing and feared dead. Japan: Sakurajima volcano in Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. Afghanistan: A roadside bomb exploded in the Mohammad Agha district of eastern Logar province, killing eleven civilians returning from a wedding party. Africa: South Africa: A bomb-laden package exploded after it was delivered to a house in coastal city of Durban, killing three. Democratic Republic of Congo: About sixty people broke out of Kasangulu prison, near the capital, Kinshasa - they added to the 3,000 that escaped a few days ago. Nigeria: Three suicide bombers targeting a female university hostel in Maiduguri were killed and four security men were wounded. Central African Republic: Intense violence between mainly Muslim fighters from the former Seleka rebel coalition and anti-balaka Christian militias, left at least twenty-two dead and forced 10,000 others to flee. North America: US: The central states, still plagued by the effects of flooding. were again sswept by persistent rain, heavy downpours, and flooding. Nearly thirty tornadoes ripped into Oklahoma and Wisconsin damaging and destroying homes and buildings, and killing two. An entire mobile home park was flattened. A spring snowstorm swept parts of Colorado with as much as three feet (90 cm) of snow. A man drove a car onto the sidewalk in New York;s Times Square killing one and injuring twenty-two. He wanted to "kill them all" and was charged with a homocide. Pacific: Southwest: Papua New Guinea: Langila and Manam volcanoes underwent explosive eruptions with ash plumes. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection swept the Earth triggering G2-class geomagnetic storms and high-latitude auroras.
22nd-23rd - Mid-Phase LOW
Mideast: Yemen: US forces - supported by the Yemeni government - carried out a raid on an al-Qaeda compound, killing seven militants. Iraq: Two car bomb attacks in Baghdad targeted an ice cream shop in the Karrada district and near the Shuhada Bridge, killing at least twenty-six and wounding dozens. Europe: UK: As a pop concert at Manchester Arena in England was letting out a huge explosion near an exit left at least twenty-two dead and fifty injuried. The incident was being handled as a terrorist attack and terror threat level was raised to critical — meaning another attack may be imminent. Asia: Thailand: A bomb exploded at a military hospital in the capital, Bangkok, wounding more than twenty. Philippines: Violent clashes erupted between the army and militants connected to ISIS in the city of Marawi on the island of Mindanao. Three soldiers and several militants were killed, and twelve others were wounded in the fighting. It all began when troops raided the hideout of a top terrorist suspect, who then called for reinforcements from an allied group triggering a gunbattle. The militants occupied city hall, a hospital and a jail and burned a Catholic church, a jail, a college and some houses. The country's president declared martial law for 60 days as a result. India and Pakistan: India's army bombed Pakistani army posts along the border with Indian-administered Kashmir. It was an attempt to stop the Pakistani army from letting militants cross the border. Africa: Tunisia: Protesters demanded jobs outside Tataouine government headquarters, when security forces fired tear gas at protesters, leaving one dead. Mali: The UN mission was attacked leaving two of its peacekeepers dead near Aguelhok, in the Kidal region. Ivory Coast: Police and former rebels clashed in the city of Bouaké leaving three dead. North America: US: A massive landslide buried a large stretch of iconic California highway 1 in Big Sur, forcing the closure of the highway. Rounds of rain swept across the southeast, triggering flooding and large hail. A tornado touched down near Sampson, North Carolina, overturning a mobile home, and another tornado downed trees and powerlines, as well as flipping over a truck in Crisp County, Georgia. South America: Venezuela: Gunmen opened fire on protesters in the city of Valera, three were wounded, and one man was set on fire and another was shot dead, making the total number of those killed during demonstrations to forty-nine. Solar Activity: A fast-moving solar wind triggered auroras and geomagnetic storms.
25th - New Moon (19h 44m) LOW
Mideast: Israel: Three men who were accused of the killing of a leader of the Palestinian group Hamas were executed in the Gaza Strip by members of Hamas. Syria: A coalition airstrike near the ISIS stronghold of Raqqa, killed at least fifty civilians (in 2 days). Egypt: A bus carrying Coptic Christians in was attacked by ISIS miltants, killing at least twenty-nine and wounding about twenty-five. Europe: Russia: Wildfires swept Siberia killing three and destroying hundreds of homes. As a result, Russian officials declared a state of emergency in the Krasnoyarsk region. Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a highly explosive eruption with lava flows and large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Philippines: Attack helicopters were used to battle militants who had seized parts of the city of Marawi. Thousands of residents fled the city and at least twenty were killed, including thirteen militants and five soldiers. The militants freed more than 200 inmates, took hostages, and some buildings were set on fire. Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes. Sri Lanka: The region was hit with heavy rains that triggered widspread deadly flooding which left 151 dead, 111 missing and displaced 500,000. Thousands of homes were destroyed, roads were underwater and supplies were out of reach. Africa: Kenya: A roadside bomb exploded in the town of Liboi, near the border with Somalia, killing five policemen. Libya: Migrants in an overloaded boat crossing from Libya to Italy listed sending about 200 into the water, at leasst thirty-four drowned. North America: US: Several tornadoes swept southeastern Ohio. Several tornadoes produced significant damage across North Carolina, as well. Severe storms threatened areas from Florida to Ohio. South America: Brazil: About 35,000 protesters who wanted the resignation of the president, new elections, and the withdrawal of economic reforms took to the streets. The demonstrations began peacefully, but then clashes erupted with police using tear gas and rubber bullets. Protesters started a fire inside the ministry of agriculture building and damaged several other buildings. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Argentina: Rounds of heavy rain and mountain snow battered the country as a series of storm systems moved in. Solar Activity: Another coronal mass ejection triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras.
28th-29th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Iraq: Iraqi forces recaptured several villages from ISIS militants. The recapture of Mosul entered its final phase with ISIS militants targeting families as they left the city. Europe: Russia: A severe thunderstorm with hurricane-force winds, hail and torrential rain hit Moscow, killing eleven and injuring more than sixty-nine. Hundreds of trees were toppled, vehicles were tossed, and buildings and roads were damaged. For Moscow it was the deadlyist storm in more than a century and an extremely rare weather event. France and England: A severe storm swept across the region overnight, bringing intense thunder, lightning and heavy rain. More than 120,000 flashes of lightning were recorded in just 12 hours, knocking out power and igniting fires. Asia: Philippines: Clashes continued between the Philippine armed forces and militant insurgents in the city of Marawi, leaving at least one hundred dead. The Philippine military later made gains retaking Marawi city from the militants. Sri Lanka: The island was hit with widspread deadly floods that left at least 180 dead, 111 missing and displaced 500,000 (see previous lunar phase) was bracing itself for more rain. Afghanistan: A suicide bomber targeted police vehicles in the center of Khost, killing at least thirteen, and destroying the vehicles and damaging buildings (on the 27th). Bangladesh, India and Myanmar: A tropical cyclone in the Bay of Bengal - Cyclone Mora - began to develop and was headed for Bangladesh, India and Myanmar were it would bring widespread flooding and damaging winds. Bangladesh tried to evacuate one million before the cyclone hit. The storm would kill at least seven and destroy thousands of homes. The cyclone formed after heavy rains hit Sri Lanka. Indonesia: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck west of Kasiguncu (05-29; 14:35). Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Libya: Three airstrikes targeted the city of Derna, but no group claimed responsibility. However, it came days after Egypt attacked camps there, targetting militants responsible for killing Egyptian Christians. North America: US: Damaging thunderstorms with flooding downpours, large hail, and isolated tornadoes swept through an area that stretches from central Michigan and western Pennsylvania to central Texas. In Missouri there were heavy rains, near hurricane-force winds and hail larger than softballs. Nearly 190,000 people lost power in Memphis and it could be a week before its fully restored across the area. Alaska's Bogoslof Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes so high that it prompted the second-highest aviation alert. South America: Brazil: Thousands of protesters took to the streets in Copacabana to join calls for their president to step down. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: Northwest: Fake tickets enabled people to enter a Hondorus stadium illegally to watch the final soccer match between Motagua and El Progreso, triggering a stampede, killing four and injuring dozens. Solar Activity: Earth passed through the wake of a coronal mass ejection, triggering strong G3-class geomagnetic storms and bright auroras. Auroras were sighted in more than twenty US states, descending so far south that they were seen in Colorado, California and even Arizona.
1st - First Quarter (12h 42m) MODERATE
Mideast: Yemen: More than two years of civil war has triggered a humanitarian crisis, with nearly seven million about to die of famine. The UN humanitarian chief said Yemen is in a "total social, economic and institutional collapse". Syria: A Russian warship and submarine in the Mediterranean fired four cruise missiles at ISIS locations in the central part of the country; casualties were not reported (on 5/31). Asia: Afghanistan: A powerful bomb inside a sewage tanker exploded in Kabul, near the German Embassy, killing 150, wounding 463, and damaging buildings and vehciles. The attack came at start of holy month of Ramadan (5/31) and exploded during the morning rush hour. Philippines: A lone gunman entered a casino complex called Resorts World Manila and began shooting TV monitors. It seems that this caused a stampede sufficating people, leaving twenty-five dead and wounding fifty. The attacker later killed himself by setting himself on fire. In a separate incident, a government airstrike targeted the embattled city of Marawi (see previous lunar phase), but it hit Philippine soldiers, killing ten and wounding eight. Bangladesh: Fishing boats were ordered back to port as the Cyclone Mora approached (see previous lunar phase), but a local fishing industry said about 150 fishermen were missing. The country's navy sent out fifteen ships to search for survivors, but so far they rescued only twenty fishermen, another thirteen that were also rescued may be from huts washed into the sea by the cyclone. Africa: Niger and Ghana: Ghanaians and Nigerians were trying to get to Libya when their truck broke down in the Sahara Desert; forty-four died of thirst. Niger: Heavily-armed attackers ambushed a military position near the border with Mali, killing six Nigerian security soldiers. South Africa: Two trains collided near Gauteng, killing one and injuring 102 passengers. North America: US: Tropical downpours drenched the south triggering localized flooding and strong, damaging winds. A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Attu Station, Alaska (06-02; 22:24). Mexico: Tropical Storm Beatriz developed in the Pacific off shore and was headed for the state of Oaxaca between Puerto Angel and Puerto Escondido. It would bring torrential rains, flooding, mudslides and rough seas, as well as destroying homes. Solar Activity: A new, active sunspot rotated over the Sun's eastern limb sending C-class solar flares towards Earth. A small hole in the Sun's surface sent a coronal mass ejection towards Earth, as well, and might trigger geomagnetic storms and auroras in a day or two.
mid-4th-mid-6th - Midphase MODERATE
Mideast: Syria: Dozens of residents were killed trying to flee a district held by ISIS militants in Mosul. One report said that more than fifty were lying dead in the streets. Hundreds were wounded, some by coalition airstrikes targeting ISIS fighters. Over 580,000 civilians have already fled Mosul. The Syrian Democratic Forces - US-backed alliance of Kurdish and Arab fighters - launched an offensive to capture the ISIS Syrian stronghold of Raqqa. Clashes took place in the east of Raqqa and at a military base on the northern outskirts. Iran: Militants attacks on the Parliament building and the tomb of its revolutionary founder, killing twelve and wounding forty-six (on the 7th). Europe: UK: A van travelling at high speed along London Bridge hit pedestrians before crashing, and three men then got out and stabbed people in the nearby Borough Market. The attack left seven dead and forty-eight wounded, twenty-one critically, and police shot and killed three of the attackers. Twelve suspects were then arrested. ISIS claimed responsiblity, but this was not confirmed. Italy: Thousands were watching a soccer game in the city of Turin when a firecracker exploded triggering a stampede that injuried about 1,500 of the fans. Switzerland: Torrential rainfall triggered a violent mud and debris flow to rush down Illhorn Mountain. Asia: Philippines: Once again gunfire brokeout in the city of Marawi disrupting a four-hour truce, and preventing residents from leaving the city. Most residents had fled the city, but up to 2,000 were believed to still be in the city. The fighting over nearly two weeks had already left more 170 dead (see the previous four lunar phases). Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia: Marapi volcano on the island of Western Sumatra underwent small to moderate sized explosions. India: A bus went up in flames after it collided with a truck in the city of Bareilly, killing at least twenty-two. Indian-administered Kashmir: Four suspected militants attempted to attack a paramilitary camp in the Bandipora region, but were killed before they could execute their plan. Africa: Somalia: A bomb was planted in a police station in the port city of Kismayo, killing at least one policeman. The militant group al-Shabab claimed responsibility. Libya: Thirty-five sub-Saharan African immigrants were found in an abandoned refrigerator truck near the capital, Tripoli, seven of them were dead. South Africa: A strong storm developed off the coast and was headed for the Western Cape province with heavy rains, flooding, gale-force winds, rough seas and it would hit at high tide. Schools were closed prior to the storm's advance. North America: US: Severe storms drenched Houston turning roads into rivers leading to at least thirteen water rescues and causing a music festival to be canceled. South America: Uruguay: Heavy rains triggered flooding in large parts of the country forcing about 3,500 to evacuate. Days more of heavy rain were in the forecast and the Uruguay river could rise further. Pacific: Southwest: Bagana volcano on Bougainville Island, and Langila volcano on New Britain, Papua New Guinea, underwent explosive eruptions. Antarctic: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck Balleny Islands region (06-03; 19:17). Solar Activity: High above thunderstorms in Europe red sprites were observed. Sprites are columns of ionized particles that reach space. Sunspot AR2661 became active again, producing two C-flares and multiple lesser explosions.
9th - Full Moon (13h 10m) MODERATE
Mideast: Iraq: An ISIS suicide bomber targeted a market in a town near the Shia holy city of Karbala, killing at least twenty and wounding dozens. ISIS snipers continued to target Mosul civilians as they were fleeing the city, leaving about 231 dead in just the past two weeks. Europe: Italy: The Stromboli volcano on the Eolian Islands underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Asia: Pakistan: Two Chinese nationals studying Urdu at a language center in Quetta were abducted in May. On this day, however, ISIS militants reported that they killed the two men. Germany: Unusually high temperatures gaveway as a cold front moved in with heavy and gusty thunderstorms. Africa: South Africa: Strong winds from the worst winter storm in three decades fanned twenty-five fires in Knysna. This forced about 10,000 to evacuate as the fires devastated this coastal scenic town with at least 150 homes being destroyed; one firefighter was also killed. The town was declared a disaster area. Somalia: Islamic al-Shabab militants undertook a major assault on a military base near the remote Galgala Mountains in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, killing at least sixty-one soldiers, wounding dozens and seizing sixteen vehicles (on the 8th). In a separate incident, a fight between soldiers over food aid, in Baidoa, led to the deaths of at least fourteen of the soldiers. Mali: An al-Qaeda-linked group attacked a UN camp killing three Guinean peacekeepers. South Sudan: Militant rebels ambushed a convoy of buses driving towards the capital Juba, killing at least fourteen soldiers. The soldiers were escorting civilians when they were killed in the crossfire. North America: US: Some locations in Florida received more rain in two to three days than throughout all of February to the start of June. Flooded streets in those parts of Florida encouraged people to surf in the streets. A blast of unseasonably cold air, strong gusts, thunderstorms and mountain snow spread across the West. Australia: More than 150 police officers have three homes after a gunman was shot dead at an apartment building where he killed a man, took a woman hostage and wounded three policemen a few days ago.
12th-13th - Midphase HIGH
Europe: Greece: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Plomari, a town on the coast of Lesbos island (06-12; 12:28). Several buildings were damaged, at least ten people were injuried, and the shock was felt in Istanbul and Athens. The Greek media described the scene as looking like it was "flattened by bombs". The village of Vrisa was damaged the most forcing the evacuation of its 500 residents, and the main road from the island's capital, Mytilene to Plomari was damaged by a landslide. Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Klyuchevsky volcano also on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a highly explosive eruption with strombolian and vulcanian activity, and lava flows. Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. UK: A devastating fire swept the highrise Grenfell Tower in west London, leaving at least fifty-eight dead. Asia: Bangladesh: Heavy monsoon rains triggered a series of landslides, killing at least 107, while rescue efforts were being hampered by more bad weather. Some communities could not be contacted as electricty and communications lines were down. Philippines: ISIS militants who took over parts of Marawi on the island of Mindanao continued to fight trapping several hundred residents from fleeing. Trying to flee at least five civilians were killed and eight were taken as hostages. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Kenya: Six al-Shabab militants from neighboring Somalia planning an attack were arrested. Police seized assembled explosives, four suicide vests and bomb-making materials. Later that night a seven-story building collapsed in Nairobi, killing at least two, while as many as fifteen were missing. Two children were rescued from the debris 24 hours later. North America: US: Thousands of fish were found in a Texas river leading to the Gulf of Mexico. The cause was not known, and could be oxyegn depleted water or toxic chemicals. Severe storms spawn tornadoes and large hail in parts of Colorado, Wyoming and Nebraska. Multiple tornadoes touched down near Cheyenne, Wyoming, one of which destroyed buildings, as severe weather with large hail wrecked havoc in Northern Colorado and Wyoming. In Coon Rapids, Minnesota residents pulled out their snow shovels to shovel hail. Severe weather swept through the northern states, leaving thousands without power and a path of destruction. In Wisconsin, similar damage was reported with hurricane-force wind gusts, heavy rain and flooding. Bogoslof volcano on the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, underwent a series of large explosions. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck north of San Pablo (06-14; 07:29), leaving eight dead. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: A system of lows developed in an area from the western Caribbean to the Gulf of Mexico, and could develop into a tropical storm. Pacific: East Central: A tropical system - the third of the year - formed into Tropical Storm Calvin, threatening southern Mexico with heavy rain, gusty winds and flooding. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun, while auroras took place at both poles.
17th - Last Quarter (11h 33m) HIGH
Mideast: Israel: Three Palestinians attacked policewomen outside the Old City of Jerusalem, leaving one policewoman and the three attackers dead. Europe: Portugal: Forest fires swept the Pedrogao Grande area, killing sixty-four, most of them fled the fire in their cars, and more than 200 were injuried. Houses and even whole villages were wiped off the map. Italy: Stromboli volcano on the Eolian Islands underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent a highly explosive eruption with lava flows. Greenland: A 4.1 magnitude earthquake triggered a tsunami that struck west coast. The tsunami hit north of the village of Nuugaatsiaq, leaving at least four missing and a dozen homes flooded. Asia: Afghanistan: An Afghan soldier attacked US troops at the Camp Shaheen military base in Balkh province, wounding seven soldiers. An Afghan soldier was killed and another wounded. Japan: The USS Fitzgerald - a destroyer - collided with a Philippine container ship off the coast of Japan afterwhich seven US sailors went missing. Several Japanese and US boats and aircraft searched the area without finding them. China: A bomb exploded at the entrance of a Chinese kindergarten killing eight and the bomber. Taiwan: Several rounds of monsoon moisture coming off the Bay of Bengal brought torrential rainfall, rising rivers, flooding and mudslides. Africa: Mali: Gunman attacked a luxury resort outside the capital Bamako, killing two. The next day security forces killed five of the gunmen, while other accomplices were yet to be found. Nigeria: Five female suicide bombers targeted the Kofa community, close to the state capital Maiduguri, killing twelve and wounding eleven (on the 18th). North America: Gulf of Mexico: A slowly developing tropical system near Central America began drifting into the Gulf of Mexico waters bringing heavy rainfall and rough seas. US: Severe thunderstorms with damaging winds, large hail and flooding swept across the central and eastern states from the middle Mississippi Valley to the Great Lakes, Ohio and Tennessee valleys and central Appalachians. Record-challenging heat swept the southwest with highs reaching the 110s to near 120 F (43-49 C) in the deserts. A supercell brought a few tornadoes and major wind across eastern Nebraska into western Iowa. South America: Colombia: An bomb exploded in a shopping center, killing three and wounding eleven. It was believed to be a torrorist attack. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck south of the Fiji Islands (06-17; 22:26). Solar Activity: High altitude noctilucent clouds ("night-shining" mesospheric clouds) and radio echoes bloomed around the North Polar region.
21st-22nd - Midphase and Solstice 21st MAXIMUM
Mideast: Iraq: ISIS militants blew up the Grand al-Nuri Mosque of Mosul and its famous leaning minaret. It was declared as an historic heritage crime. Syria: Syrian Democratic Forces, an alliance of Kurdish and Arab fighters, continued to fight ISIS miltants as they captured more of the city of Raqqa. Australia resumed its military air operations in the region. Egypt: Police killed seven men they believed were involved in recent attacks on Christians and Coptic churches in which about 100 people were killed. In Cairo a three-month state of emergency was reinstated. Europe: Germany: Extreme heat and humidity fueled severe thunderstorms accompanied by heavy rain, hail and widespread flooding. Spain and France: Historic heat engulfed much of Spain and expanded northeastward into France. Iceland: Katla volcano volcano underwent an explosive eruption with massive lava flows. Asia: Afghanistan: A car bomb exploded outside a bank in the province of Helmand, killing at least thirty-four and wounding fifty-eight. The Taliban claimed responsibility. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Central African Republic: Fighting erupted between armed groups in the town of Bria leaving at least 100 dead and several dozen wounded. This took place in spite of a peace agreement signed this week in Rome that called for an immediate cease-fire. South Sudan: Tens of thousands of civilians in numerous towns and villages along the west bank of the White Nile were forcibly displaced by government forces. The soldiers burnt, bombed and plundered homes, taking everything they could get their hands on, from stored food supplies to furniture and even the front doors of homes. Nigeria: Suspected Boko Haram militants, using anti-aircraft guns and other heavy weapons, ambushed a convoy of about 200 vehicles on a major highway in the northeast, killing a police officer and a truck driver. Somalia: A car bomb targeted a police station in Mogadishu, killing at least eight and damaging buildings and vehicles. Democratic Republic of Congo: Heavily armed Mai Mai militia men attacked a military base, and then proceeded to a school and the mayor's office in the city of Beni. The army fought them, leaving at least four of the militants dead. North America: US: Tropical Storm Cindy slammed the Gulf Coast states with heavy rain, triggering life-threatening flooding and rough surf from Texas to Florida. Cindy then moved inland triggering widespread flooding from the Deep South to the Ohio Valley. Voluntary evacuations were ordered amid flooding in Louisiana. A tornado struck near Birmingham, Alabama and three waterspouts whipped up the Florida coast. The storm also triggered tornadoes and waterspouts elsewhere. At least 17 million people were under a tropical storm warning. Officials declared states of emergency as widespread flooding drenched the south. Severe thunderstorms produced high winds and flooding across parts of the Midwest and Plains, as well. The most extreme life-threatening and record-challenging heat wave in recent years gripped the southwest with 119 F (48 C) in Phoenix and 117 F (47 C) in Las Vegas. Flights were canceled becuse of the heat. Central America: Guatemala: Heavy rains triggered a mudslide in the city of San Pedro Soloma, killing at least twelve. Ten of those where in a minibus that was swallowed up by the mudslide carrying it down the Wachuná hillside. A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Puerto San Jose (06-22; 12:31). South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: Ulawun volcano on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A co-rotating interaction region of the Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field might brush against Earth's magnetic field.
24th - New Moon (2h 31m) MAXIMUM
Mideast: Yemen: The country was facing the worst cholera outbreak anywhere in the world with more than 200,000 cases. So far 1,300 have died as a result and an estimated 5,000 new cases occurs every day. Overcowded hospitals, food shortages, and water and sanitation systems were collapsing after two years of war between government forces and the rebel Houthi militants. Saudi Arabia: A suicide bomber was about to attempt to blow up the Grand Mosque in Mecca where millions of Muslims pray during Ramadan. Security forces had surrounded the bomber's location when he blew himself up and caused the building to collapse wounding eleven. Pakistan: Many people were killed or wounded due to bombings, protest marches and shootings in the north and south. Two explosions at a market in the town of Parachinar left twenty-five dead and a suicide bombing in Quetta left thrteen dead. Numerous buildings, vehicles and market were destroyed (on the 23rd and 24th). Europe: Russia: Klyuchevsky volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian and vulcanian activity, and lava flows. Asia: China: Heavy rains triggered a landslide in Sichuan province, killing more than fifteen while another 120 were missing and buried in the rubble. About sixty-two homes and a hotel were destroyed in Xinmo village in Maoxian county. A lack of vegetation in the area made the landslide more distuctive. Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption. Pakistan: Alerted that an overturned tanker truck had sprung a leak, sent villagers to the scene with fuel containers and then the truck blew up. The blast killed at least 206 and dozens more were in critical condition. Dozens of vehicles and motorcycles were left as burnt shells. In a separate incident, an explosive-laden vehicle rammed into a checkpoint near a police chief's office in Quetta city, killing at least twelve and wounding over a dozen others. In a separate incident, two bombs exploded in a market place in Parachinar, killing at least twenty-five and injuring over 100 others (late on the 23rd). Africa: Nigeria: The country's security forces prevented plans by militants to detonate explosives in four northern cities during the holiday of Eid. In a separate incident, suicide bombers targeted two different places in and around the city of Maiduguri, killing at least thirteen and wounding eight. Uganda: A fire destroyed part of Kisenyi, a commercial district in the capital, Kampala. Thousands of businesses lost there property and goods. Chad: Eight Chadian soldiers were killed and eighteen were wounded in fierce fighting with Boko Haram militants on islands in Lake Chad. The soldiers killed 162 Boko Haram militants. North America: US: Bogoslof volcano on the Aleutian Islands, Alaska underwent an explosive eruption. Mexico: Tropical Depression 4-E developed in the eastern Pacific Basin and headed for the southern coast. It would bring rough seas, flooding, and heavy rains, and conditions favored strengthening it into a tropical storm, acquiring the name Dora. Pacific: South: Bagana volcano on the island of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream brushed against Earth, causing enough magnetic activity for deep-sky auroras.
27th-28th - Midphase MAXIMUM
Worldwide: A ransomware cyber-attack infected businesses' and institutions' computers around the globe. Banks, retailers, energy firms, advertising agencies, hospitals and some airports were targeted by the malware attacks. The United Kingdom, Ukraine, Spain and France were hit hardest by the outbreak. Ukraine later said it has proof that Russian security services were involved in the cyber-attack. Mideast: Syria and Iraq: Coalition forces undertook more than 21,000 airstrikes in Syria and Iraq. One strike targeted a prison run by ISIS in eastern Syria, killing forty-two prisoners and fifteen militants at the facility near Mayadin, in Deir al-Zour province. Iraq: Iraqi forces repelled counter-attacks by ISIS militants as they drove the group into a corner of Mosul's Old City so that ISIS was confined to a square mile (2.5 sq km) of territory. Egypt: The country's air force destroyed twelve vehicles loaded with guns, ammunition and explosives as they were attempting to cross the border from Libya. Syria: An unidentified jet dropped cluster bombs on the ISIS-held town of Dablan, killing thirty and wounding dozens. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch and Karymsky volcanoes on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent explosive eruptions with lava flows and large pyroclastic flows. Shiveluch volcano also sent an ash plume to 40,000 feet (12,190 m) into the air. Asia: Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption. China: A second landslide stalled rescue efforts in the village of Xinmo, in Sichuan province, as nearly 100 remain missing (see previous lunar phase). New Zealand: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of of Raoul Island (06-28; 18:20). Africa: Kenya: A truck hit a landmine on a road near the border with Somalia, killing four police officers and four civilians who were children returning to school after Eid celebrations. Niger: Fifty-two migrants were found dead in the deserts of the central part of the country, near Séguédine. Seventy-five set out in three vehicles but were abandoned by traffickers (on the 26th). Libya: A dinghy travelling across the Mediterranean sank off the coast sank, killing at least sixty. Another eighty were rescued and brought to Italy. North America: US: Bogoslof volcano on the Alaska's Aleutian Islands underwent an explosive eruption sending an ash plume 30,000 feet (9,145 m) into the air. In Arizona the heat was so hot that cactus were dying, food was baking and plastic was melting as the heat wave continued with temperatures at record-challenging levels. Warm and more humid air triggered thunderstorms and severe weather over parts of the central US. As a result, the grand opening of the Linn County Fair in Central City, Iowa, was disrupted, when a tornado touched down. Also, a tornado touched down in northern Pierce County, Wisconsin, near Martell, flipping vehicles over, and destroying or damaging homes and buildings. South America: Venezuela: A helicopter tried to bomb the Supreme Court. The country's president called it a "terrorist attack". Colombia: A passenger boat sank in less than five minutes into a reservoir near the popular resort town of Guatapé. All 170 passengers plunged overboard, but only 158 people were rescued, leaving seven dead. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2664 was growing and harboring energy for M-class solar flares while the sunspot was facing the Earth.
1st - First Quarter (0h 51m) MAXIMUM
Mideast: Lebanon: Five suicide-bomber militants targeted a raid by Lebanese troops on refugee camps in a search for militants and weapons near the Syrian border in an area near the town of Arsal. A young girl was killed and seven soldiers were wounded. The attackers were believed to be Sunni jihadists. Early the following day, a suicide bomber and two car bombs targeted areas in Damascus, killing twenty-one. Iran: The temperatur soared to 129 degrees F (53 C) in Ahvaz, one of the highest temperatures to be recorded on Earth with the exception of Death Valley, California which had a temperature of 134 F (56 C) in 1913. Iraq: A suicide bomber targeted a camp west of Ramadi for families internally displaced by fighting, killing fourteen and wounding thirteen. Iraqi forces retook the cities of Ramadi and Fallujah from ISIS forces. Asia: China: A major storm swept over central and southern China - mainly from Guangxi to Zheijiang provinces - with heavy rainfall that triggered severe flooding across the region and left at least fifty-six dead and twenty-two missing. Hailstorms, landslides and widespread flooding also brought havoc to over 11 million. In many areas it brought massive evacuations. Africa: Central African Republic: Days of fighting in the town of Zemio between armed Fulani herders and militia left at leat twenty-two dead. North America: Mexico: A fierce gunfight erupted in the town of Villa Union and ended after a multiple car chase in Aguaje, in Mazatlán. The battle left nineteen gunman dead and five policemen wounded. US: Reports of multiple shootings at a nightclub in Little Rock, Arkansas, brought the poloice on scene where twenty-five people were wounded, and another three were injuried in a stampede; three were in critical condition. Extreme heat across the west, combined with dry and windy conditions, fueling several wildfires across the region. Violent thunderstorms, high winds, widespread flooding, hail and isolated tornadoes swept the north central region, bringing new damage to areas already hit. The worst of it swept from Iowa to South Dakota. Storms also swept Kansas, Missouri and Arkansas. Nearly fifty roads remained closed in northern Missouri due to flooding. South America: Ecuador: A 6.0 magnittude earthquake struck north of Bahia de Caraquez (06-30; 22:29). Solar Activity: A solar blast sent a coronal mass ejection towards Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras.
mid-4th-mid-6th - Midphase MAXIMUM
Mideast: Syria: Coalition forces aided the advance of the Syrian Democratic Forces by airstrikes on the historic Rafiqa Wall at Raqqa's Old City in order to take back the city from ISIS militants. Iraq: Fierce fighting and increasing numbers of suicide attacks took place in Mosul as Iraqi troops sought to recapture the city from ISIS militants. The last ISIS-held area, the Old City, was bombarded by airstrikes and artillery. There were no more than 300 militants left in Mosul, compared to October 2016 when there were 6,000 and the offensive started. Libya: A rocket was fired during clashes between rival armed groups in Tripoli, but landed on a beach killing a family of five and wounding at least eighteen others. Europe: Italy-Austria: Austria was ready to deploy border troops to block any migrant influx from Italy in contrast to the EU open borders system. This was in reaction to the influx of nearly 85,000 migrants and refugees into Italy from across the Mediterranean, so far this year. Germany: Tens of thousands protested the G20 summit where police used water cannon and tear gass to disperse about 12,000 in Hamberg alone, injuring seventy-seven policemen. Up to 100,000 protesters were expected before and during the two-day summit. Asia: Japan: Tropical Cyclone Nanmadol battered the south with drenching rain, flooding, dangerous seas and strong winds. The next day thunderstorms brought "unprecedented" rainfall to parts of Fukuoka prefecture, triggering severe flooding and landslides, and an unknown number of people were killed. More than a foot-and-a-half (more than a half meter) of rain fell over a 24-hour period; most of it in three hours. The flooding in the city of Asakura alone forced 400,000 to be evacuated. South Korea: Monsoon rains pounded the country, triggering widespreasd flooding, and destroying bridges and roads. Typhoon Nanmadol would also strike making matters worse. Azerbaijan and Armenia: Azerbaijan accused Armenia of targeting civilians, while the Armenians said they returned fire, accusing Azerbaijan of targeting areas near civilians. A toddler and grandmother were killed by an Armemian shell hitting their village. China: More than 300,000 were evacauted as flood waters continued to sweep through central and southern China. The flooding destroyed at least 600 homes and damaged more than 1,000 (see previous lunar phase). North Korea: The country had its first successful test of intercontinental ballistic missile that could reach Alaska. Philippines: A 6.5 magnitde earthquake struck north of of Masarayao (07-06; 08:03). Africa: Morocco: A half-sunk rubber dinghy was found near Spain's Alboran Island that once had about fifty on board, but only three were rescued. It appears that the other forty-seven had drowned. Nigeria: The deployment of the armed forces to more than twenty-eight states placed the country under a state of emergency. ISIS militants infiltrated the northeast, a separatist agitation emerged in the southeast, a threat to eject ethnic Igbos from the north, and attacks on oil facilities in the Niger Delta were behind the deployment of the troops. Kenya: As winter arrived there was a storm that left behind either snow or hail; either is unusual in the country. The following day, the country's security forces clashed with suspected al-Shabab militants after they undertook a dawn attack on a police station near the coastal town of Lamu. The fight took place in Boni forest, near the border with Somalia, and left three policemen dead. An undisclosed number of officers and villagers were missing. Zambia: The country's biggest market - City Market - located in the capital Lusaka, burnt to the ground. Some say it was an arsonist that set it on fire, while others believe it was an electrical fault. As the country's bigest market many traders were tearful as their goods were destroyed. Central African Republic: A truck loaded with traders and their goods crashed near the capital Bangui, killing at least seventy-seven and injuring dozens. The cause was not yet known. Niger: The army mistook civilians as members of Boko Haram, killing fourteen civlians. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and vulcanian and strombolian activity. Two armed groups engaged in a gun fight near Las Varas, in the state of Chihuahua, leaving at least fourteen dead. It was believed to be two drug cartels that engaged in the fighting. The next day, a fight erupted between rival gangs in the maximum security wing of Las Cruces prison in the city of Acapulco, leaving twenty-eight dead. US: Severe thunderstorms swept the south-central states, bringing pounding downpours, strong winds, flooding and large hail. At least 101 people were shot in Chicago over the Fourth of July weekend. Bogoslof volcano on Alaska's Aleutian Islands underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Venezuela: About 100 government supporters forced their way into the opposition-controlled National Assembly, and using sticks and pipes beat politicians and reporters. Atlanic: Northwest: A developing tropical storm system took a path near the Lesser Antilles and then near the East Coast of the US, becoming Tropical Storm Don. Solar Activity: An emerging sunspot unleashed a M1.3-class solar flare (on the 3rd) sending a high-speed stream of solar wind to approach Earth triggering auroras and geomagnetic storms.
9th - Full Moon (13h 10m) HIGH
Mideast: Iraq: Iraqi forces, backed by coalition airstrikes, liberated Mosul from ISIS militants. Kurdish Peshmerga fighters, Sunni Arab tribesmen and Shia militiamen were also behind the defeat of ISIS and its headquarters in Mosul. Asia: Japan: More heavy rains triggered more flooding, especially on Kyushu island. Fifteen people were killed and another fifteen were missing. Rivers burst their banks, destroying buildings and roads. The most devastated areas were in Fukuoka prefecture. Pakistani and Indian-administered Kashmir: Clashes broken out on the anniversary of the killing of a militant leader by Indian troops last year. Seven people were killed by shelling across the border with five in the Pakistani side and two on the Indian side. Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption. Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Burundi: A grenade explosion at a bar in Shinya village, killing eight and wounding forty-three. Kenya: The country's military launched airstrikes in the Boni Forest, along the border with Somalia, to flush out al-Shabab militants who have been killing people. Nigeria: A five-hour downpour caused buildings to collapse, leaving the occupants trapped under the rubble and leaving at least eleven dead and several others were missing in a major flood disaster. Somalia: Security forces undertook an operation in the northern region of Puntland, killing eighteen al Shabaab insurgents. However, the insurgents claim noboody was killed. North America: US: At least seventeen fires fanned by strong winds raged across California, forcing the evacuaion of hundreds. Numerous homes and other structures were destroyed. A march by dozens of the white supremacist Ku Klux Klan (KKK) group in Virginia was met by hundreds of rival demonstrators. The march was to protest at the planned removal of a statue of General Robert E Lee, a general of the pro-slavery Confederate forces in the US civil war. Clashes brokeout that were meet with tear gas and arrests, several were injuried. A line of damaging thunderstorms swept across the midwest. Damaging winds and flash flooding hit the cities of Minneapolis; Cedar Rapids, Iowa; Madison, Wisconsin; and Chicago. The storms triggered flooding, power outages, downed trees and damaged or destroyed homes and other structures. In the Soutwest there were still near-record high temperatures in at least seven states. Palm Springs, California reached a record of 122 F (50 C). Canada: A state of emergency was declared in the province of British Columbia where there were over 180 wildfires. The fires forced about 7,000 to evacuate their homes as lightning, strong winds and high heat were all contributing factors in the spread of the wildfires. Hundreds of homes and other structres were destroyed. South America: Chile/Argentina: Copahue volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Atlantic: East Central: Another tropical wave emerged off Africa on its way to becoming the Atlantic’s next tropical depression. However, dry air and wind shear may prevent it from organizing. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream hit Earth's magnetic field triggering intermittent G1-class geomagnetic storms. Sunspot AR2665 grew to a size almost as wide as the planet Jupiter.
12th-13th - Midphase HIGH
Mideast: Iraq: Coalition and Iraqi forces rooted out a few ISIS militants holdouts in the Old City. There were also a number of explosive devices that still have to be dismantled, thought Mosul was still liberated from ISIS militants. Yemen: The humanitarian situation in the country was rapidly deteriorating as terrorist groups expanded, a cholera epidemic continued to spread and 14 million people lack access to food. Europe: Italy: Several months of above-normal temperatures and scarce rainfall triggered a series of fires on Mount Vesuvius near Naples, stranding tourists and forcing evacuations. The next day, about 700 tourists were rescued by boat from the wildfires. Asia: Indian-administered Kashmir: Hindu pilgrims traveling in a bus got caught in militant crossfire with a military base, killing seven and wounding nineteen. Africa: Nigeria: Four female suicide bombers targeted four different areas in the suburb of Molai Kalemari, in northeastern Maiduguri city, killing at least fifteen. Kenya: A group of six was travelling in Milihoi in Lamu country when they were abducted by suspected al-Shabab militants. The army rescued three and the other three were killed by the militants. In a separate incident, armed livestock herders ambushed policemen as they patrolled the Kamwenje area in Laikipia West, killing six policemen. Cameroon: Two suicide bombers targeted a busy market in the northeast, killing eleven and wounding thirty, and damaging or destroying restaurants, telephone booths, kiosks and vehicles. North America: US: High humidity triggered severe storms in the Northeast and Midwest. The remnants of Tropical Depression Four spread heavy rains and thunderstorms across South Florida. In New Mexico a severe dust storm caused one of the worst crashes in the states history with a 25-car pile up that killed six people in Hidalgo County. Severe storms swept from the middle Mississippi and Ohio valleys to the mid-Atlantic and southern New England bringing torrential downpours, flooding, tornadoes and gusty winds. Mexico: Masked gunmen burst into a children's birthday party in the city of Tizayuca in central Hidalgo state, killing eleven. The violence appeared to be linked to disputes between drug cartels. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Auckland Island, New Zealand (07-11; 07:00). A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck south of Taron, Papua New Guinea (07-13; 03:36). Antarctica: A trillion-ton iceberg the size of Delaware - possibly the largest ever - broke off from the Larsen Ice Shelf, alerting scientists. Solar Activity: Gigantic jets, known as sprites, are lightning-like discharges that connect the tops of thunderstorms with the ionosphere about 50 miles (80 km) overhead, were seen over China.
16th - Last Quarter (19h 26m) HIGH
Mideast: Egypt: Police went to demolish buildings that had allegedly been constructed illegally on an island in the River Nile. The residents attacked the police who responded with tear gas, leaving one resident dead, and nineteen residents and thirty police injuried. Police ended the operation. Europe: Spain: Two trains collided on a ride at a theme park in Madrid, injuring about thirty-three. Russia: 7.7 (07-17; 23:34) and 6.2 (07-17; 11:05) magnitude earthquakes struck east of Nikol'skoye. Asia: Pakistan: The military launched a major operation against ISIS miltants in the northwest region along the Afghan border. The militants had gained ground inside Afghanistan and had to be stopped from reaching into Pakistan. India: A monsoon low began forming in the Bay of Bengal that would bring heavy rain and flooding across the eastern part of the country. Kazakhstan: A massive dust storm swept through the Zharma and Ulan districts covering it in complete darkness, as if it were night. Australia: A major fire erupted at a recycling plant, bellowing a huge cloud of toxic smoke, forcing the evacuation of more than 100 homes in Melbourne. Four people were taken to a hospital and eight others were treated for asthma symptoms. The fire was expected to continue for at least another two days. Africa: Senegal: A wall collapsed at a soccer stadium in the capital Dakar, killing eight and injuring ninety (late on the 15th). Cameroon: A boat transporting thirty-four elite Cameroonian troops sank off the southeast coast, only three were rescued. Nigeria: A female suicide bomber targeted a mosque in Maiduguri city, killing eight and wounding fifteen. In a separate incident, a gas explosion at a fuel complex in the southeast left at least nine (eyewitnesses say thirty) and ten seriously injuried. North America: US: Heavy rains triggered flash flooding near the Cold Springs swimming hole north of Payson, Arizona, killing at least nine swimmers; one was missing, as well. In Illinois heavy rain triggered widespread flooding as the Fox River overflowed, destroying at least 7,000 buildings and homes. The governor declared a state of emergency, as the river was flood even more the following day. Thousands were evacuated. South America: Venezuela: A woman waiting to vote in an unofficial, opposition-organized referendum in Caracas, when men on motorcycles killed her and wounded three others. Chile: A rare snowfall blanketed the capital Santiago, causing disruption and blackouts. About 250,000 people were hit by power outages as snow-laden trees fell on powerlines. At least one person was killed. Atlantic: Central: A storm system developed into Tropical Storm Don heading toward the Windward Islands. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection struck Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms, some moderately strong, and auroras that could be seen as far north as New Zealand and a far south as the US states of Washington, Minnesota and Wyoming.
19th-20th - Midphase HIGH
Mideast: Yemen: A Saudi-led coalition airstrike hit fleeing civilians in the province of Taiz, killing twenty. The previous day a UN flight carrying aid to Yemen's capital was blocked by the Saudi-led coalition. The country was in the grips of one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world with widespread famine. Europe: Turkey and Greece: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck south of the city of Bodrum, Turkey in the Aegean Sea, and was followed by a small tsunami (07-20; 22:31). Two were killed and more than 200 were injuried. Ukraine: Heavy rebel shelling of Ukrainian army positions at Avdiivka left five dead. Earlier a mine blew up killing three soldiers. Asia: India: A sudden monsoonal downpour triggered flash flooding in the Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir, killing at least six, injuring eleven, and damaging six homes, two shops and a school. A monsoon low from the Bay of Bengal would sweep the country, triggering more widespread flooding (flooding also occurred on the 16th; see that lunar phase above). North America: US: Several rounds of severe weather swept across the Midwest bringing torrential rains, widespread flooding, damaging winds, hail and tordanoes. Powerlines were downed, and homes and buildings destroyed or damaged. Thousands were forced to evacuate as the Detwiler wildfire burned near Yosemite, California. More than 150 homes were destroyed. Rounds of thunderstorms with torrential rain and gusty winds also swept the Northeast, triggering flash flooding, and damaging or destroying homes and buildings. Rare tornadoes slammed into western New York. South America: Peru: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck west of Camana (07-18; 02:05). Venezuela: Millions joined a nationwide strike amid a economic and political crisis. Some protesters barricaded roads in Caracas and other cities with garbage and furniture. Protesters and police with water cannons clashed, leaving at least two protesters dead. There was widespread fear that thw situation could become a "bloodbath." Pacific: North Central: Hurricane Fernanda headed toward the Hawaiian Islands, bringing dangerous swells and rip currents. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up and sent a coronal mass ejection into space, triggering two days of geomagnetic storms and southern auroras.
23rd - New Moon (9h 46m) HIGH
Mideast: Jordan and Israel: Two gun-welding Jordanians entered the Israeli embassy in Jordan's capital Amman, and began shooting. The two gunman were killed, one Israeli was injuried, and the embassy was shutdown and the staff was evacuated. Israel: Three Israeli civilians were stabbed to death in Halamish, near Ramallah in the occupied West Bank. The attacker was shot and captured. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent a highly explosive eruption with lava and large pyroclastic flows. Karymsky volcano, also on the Kamchatka peninsula, had increased explosive activity. Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban militants kidnapped dozens of villagers in Kandahar province. At least seven of the villagers were killed and thirty were still missing. In a separate incidemt, a Taliban suicide bomber targeted a bus carrying government employees in Kabul, killing at least thirty-five and wounding more than forty. Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption. Pakistan: A Taliban car bomb exploded in the city of Lahore, next to a farmers market, killing twenty-six and wounding fifty. Africa: Central African Republic: UN peacekeepers who were protecting a convoy of water trucks were attacked by militants, killing one Moroccan UN soldier and wounding three other soldiers. Nigeria: Suicide bombers attacked two camps housing displaced people near the city of Maiduguri, killing four and wounding about twenty. Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand: Heavy rain - 3.5 inches (95 mm) in 24 hours - triggered flooding, as landslides swept away vehicles and threatened homes in Dunedin. North America: US: A truck was found in a Walmart parking lot with eight people dead in the back. A ninth died in the hospital. Thirty others were inside the trailer without air conditioning or water in near record heat. Powerful storms pounded the Ohio Valley and mid-Atlantic states, triggering flooding, along with damaging winds and hail. Parts of New Orleans was drenched by 4.22 inches (107 mm) of rain within an hour, causing streets to quickly flood (late on the 22nd). South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: North Central: Hurricane Fernanda, though weakened, brought rough surf, choppy seas and locally heavy downpours to Hawaii. Solar Activity: For the third day, Earth was inside a stream of solar wind flowing from a coronal hole in the Sun. Another explosive coronal mass ejection emerged from the farside of the Sun.
26th-27th - Midphase MODERATE
Mideast: Israel: Palestinians and Israeli police clashed in Jerusalem’s Old City after thousands of Muslim worshippers gathered around a contested holy site - known to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as the Temple Mount - for evening prayers. Palestinians threw rocks and glass bottles at the officers who responded with tear gas. At least twenty-two were injuried and two were killed. The installation of metal detecters at the site was at the core of the encounter. Europe: France: Wildfires near Bormes-les-Mimosas, in the country's Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, forced more than 12,000 to evacuate. At least twelve firefighters and fifteen police officers were injured. Turkey: Istanbul was battered by huge hailstones and heavy rain, knocking down trees and flooding streets, leaving some people stranded. Asia: Philippines and Taiwan: Tropical Storm Nesat strengthened, bringing flooding rain, mudslides and damaging winds to both countries. Nesat became a typhoon when it reached Taiwan. Africa: South Africa: Cape Town had two separate incidents of unexplained fire that took seven lives and destroyed six buildings. Nigeria: Ten geological researchers were kidnapped by suspected Boko Haram militants. The following day, Boko Haram militants ambushed a group that was attempting to free the kidnapped people, leaving more than forty dead. Somalia: Military officials at a security checkpoint opened fire on National Intelligence Service officers who returned fire, leaving four dead. The reason was unknown and was being investigated. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms brought heavy rain, damaging winds and flooding across the Midwest and part of the Plains. Heavy rain in Las Vegas, Nevada, caused flash floods, washing away road signs and vehicles and closing roads. Flash flooding in Alabama submerged cars and carried vehicles down flooded roads, as more than three inches (75 mm) of rain fell in under an hour. A ride at the Ohio State Fair known as the "fireball" - a spinning pendulum ride - malfunctioned throwing the riders to the ground. One was killed and three of the injured were in critical condition. The ride had been inspected three times before its use. Pacific: East: Three powerful tropical cyclones headed westward between southern Mexico and Hawaii. One posses a threat to Southern California where it would bring rough seas and rip currents. Solar Activity: Gigantic jets - sometimes called space lightning - were seen over Hawaii. Northern Europe was noted for intensifying displays of noctilucent clouds (night shining clouds).
30th - First Quarter (15h 23m) MODERATE
Europe: Germany: An Iraqi Kurdish son-in-law of a city of Konstanz nightclub's owner was thrown out following an argument. He came back with an M-16 rifle and killed the doorman, and wounded several others. The gunman was also killed. Severe storms with damaging winds and hail triggered widespread flooding in the north. There was also the possibility for an isolated tornado or two. Asia: Taiwan and China: Typhoon Nesat brought severe rainfall and flooding in Taiwan with some regions getting over 30 inches (765 mm) of rain. This triggered landslide alerts at over 400 locations and injuried at least 131. The rainfall in southern Taiwan exceeded 38 inches (980 mm) in Dahanshan. Nesat then made landfall in southeast China bringing much of the same there, too. Haitang, a new cyclone developed, and would exacerbate the risk for flooding and mudslides with more torrential rain. Houses were damaged or destroyed, bridges were damaged, roads turned into rivers, vehicles were carried away and rivers ran over their banks. Africa: South Africa: A pre-season soccer game in Johannesburg was marred by a number of people attempting to push through the gates. This triggered a crush that left two dead and seventeen injuried. Somalia: Ugandan troops - in Somalia to help defeat militants - were ambushed by al-Shabab militants, killing twelve and wounding seven. The militants claim they killed thirty, but neither total could be confirmed. Nearly at the same time a car bomb exploded in one of the busiest streets in Mogadishu, killing at least six and wounding at least ten. Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): A 5.3 magnitude earthquake struck in the east of Uganda, damaging or destroying many houses in DRC especially in Butembo, Kasindi and Kirumba north of Goma, in Nord Kivu province (07-30; 07:02). Australia and New Zealand: Australia: Counter-terrorism police stopped a suspected plot to bring down an airplane. Four people were arrested and materials used to make an improvised explosive device were seized in raids across Sydney. North America: US: Dangerous heat began to build across the west and would bring record-high temperatures along with blackouts and fire danger. Tropical Storm Emily formed off the coast of Florida and made landfall, bringing torrential rains, widespread flooding and power outages. Torrential downpours and flooding swept Florida with more than the usual thunderstorm activity. Severe flooding swept an area from Maryland to the Jersey shore, affecting travel along the mid-Atlantic states. Severe flooding completely submerged the small town of Mannington, West Virginia. South America: Venezuela: The election of a controversial new assembly was marked by violence, as protests swept across the country. Clashes with police across the country left at least four dead. Pacific: East: Hilary and Irwin, both former hurricanes, moved westward between southern Mexico and Hawaii. They increased rip currents and rough seas creating dangerous conditions for beachgoers along Southern California's coast, during the US Open of Surfing. West: Super Typhoon Noru intensified into the Northern Hemisphere's strongest storm of the year. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection sent out a high-speed stream of solar wind that was expected to reach Earth the next day.
2nd-3rd - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Earth Overshoot Day The earliest-ever Earth Overshoot Day took place on the 2nd, which means that humans are pushing the planet to its ecological limit at an accelerated pace. We would need 1.7 Earths to continue the pace at which we are using natural resources. Mideast: Saudi Arabia: The authorities have been trying to destroy the old quarter of Awamiya, saying Shia militants use it as a hideout. After weeks of clashes between the security forces and armed men, buildings have been damaged or destroyed, at least seven were killed, and there were shortages of food, water and electricity. As a result, residents were forced to evacuate in the hundreds. Europe: Germany: Heavy rainfall from dangerous thuderstorms triggered flooding throughout central and southern parts of the country. Asia: Afghanistan: One gunman shot civlians near Jawadia Mosque in Herat province, allowing another to enter the mosque, where they became suicide bombers, killing at least twenty-nine and wounding sixty-four. In a separate incident, a Taliban suicide car bomber targeted a convoy in Kandahar province, killing two soldiers. The next day, a suicide bomber targeted a military convoy in Kabul, killing a NATO soldier and wounding six others. In a seperate, a checkpoint in the Mirzawalang area of Sar-e Pul province was attacked and then the group attacked a nearby village and shot mainly Shia Muslim civilians, leaving at least fifty dead. The attackers were believed to be a combination of Taliban and ISIS miltants. Japan and South Korea: Super Typhoon Noru intensified into the Northern Hemisphere's strongest storm of the year (see previous lunar phase) and headed for Japan and South Korea. Noru would bring flooding downpours, landslides, damaging winds and dangerous seas. India: Monsoon thuderstorms swept the east with lightning strikes that took thirty-three lives in the state of Odisha. The monsoon was responsible for nearly 700 deaths across India in recent weeks. Devastating flooding in Gujarat state alone took 224 lives. Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Guinea: Thousands of opposition supporters took to the streets in the capital, Conakry, protesting the president whom they say has failed the people. Kenya: A suspected al-Shabab attack on a bus in the coastal county of Lamu left three dead. South Sudan: A vehicle was ambushed on the main road between the capital, Juba, and the town of Nimule, leaving at least five dead. North America: US: The Northwest was hit with an extreme heat wave that pushed temperatures to near-record and record levels in some locations. Torrential downpours, travel disruptions and flash flooding spread over parts of the Southeast. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Old sunspot AR2665 returned in a weaken state, but still had explosive potential. A hole opened up sending a coronal mass ejection towards Earth where it would trigger geomagnetic storms and auroras.
7th - Full Moon (8h 11m) MODERATE
Europe: Spain: About 300 sub-Saharan migrants stormed the border crossing between Morocco and the Spanish enclave of Ceuta, running past guards. Asia: Japan: Tropical Storm Noru brought downpours and gusty winds to Tokyo, triggering flooding, mudslides and power outages. Already responsible for two deaths and two dozen injuries, Noru would continue to batter Japan in the following days, though in a weakened state. China: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck west of Yongle in the province of Sichuan, killing at least twenty and injuring at least 431 (08-08; 13:19). About 60,000 were evacuated, more than 1,000 buildings were destroyed, and numerous landslides and mudslides hampered rescue efforts. More than 1,000 aftershocks were recorded, with the most powerful reaching 4.8 magnitude. A separate 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck the remote area of XinJiang, injuring at least thirty-two, and damaging and destroying buildings. Kazakhstan: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Dostyq (08-08; 23:27). Africa: Nigeria: A group of attackers opened fire at the St Philip's Catholic church in Ozubulu, killing eleven and wounding eighteen. They were supposed to target the son of a local chief, but could not find him and angered they opened fire on the church-goers, according to a local human rights activist. It was not know who ordered the attack. Democratic Republic of the Congo: Members of the Bundu Dia Mayala - a political-religious sect - engaged in a gun battle with the security forces in the capital, Kinshasa, killing at least twelve and lynching two policemen who remained in critical condition. North America: Mexico: Men carrying automatic weapons targeted three men under a palm tree in San José del Cabo, in Baja California Sur state. Another two were injuried. Tropical Storm Franklin, which formed over the western Caribbean Sea, strengthened before reaching the Yucatan Peninsula. There it would bring torrential downpours, flooding, rough seas and wind damage with hurricane force winds. US: Severe weather and flooding swept across the central and southern Plains. An EF2 tornado with winds of 110 mph (117 kph) triggered widespread and extensive damage across Tulsa, Oklahoma, injuring at least thirty, and damaging or destroying homes and businesses, and knocking down powerlines. Another two tornadoes also slammed into Broken Arrow and Oologah, Oklahoma. In Salibury, Maryland a tornado flipped vehicles and damaged houses. A large storm brought rounds of drenching rain, thunderstorms, flooding and travel disruptions across a heavily populated part of the Northeast, as well. South America: Colombia: A UN mission monitoring the disarming of FARC rebels - as part of the group’s peace deal with the government - was ambushed, wounding a police officer. The zttack was believed to be undertaken by Marxist rebels or the smaller National Liberation Army. Atlantic: West Central: Tropical systems brought torrential downpours to the northern Caribbean, affecting areas from the Leeward Islands to Puerto Rico, Hispaniola and the Bahamas as it continued into the following days. Another storm, called 99L, was also headed for the region. Solar Activity: Earth was exiting a stream of fast-moving solar wind that had triggered bright auroras and magnetic storms.
10th-11th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Yemen: Hundreds of migrants, many of them teenagers originating from Somalia and Ethiopia, were forced out of the boats off the coast near Shabwa. The smugglers deliberately drowned at least twenty-nine as they feared they would be caught by authorities if they did not leave immediately. Iraq: Heatwave conditions baked the cities of Basra, Mosul and Baghdad where it reached 122 F (50 C). As expected this triggered power outages, while all government staff were ordered to take off work as a result of the heat. Egypt: Two passenger trains collided in the north, near Alexandria, killing at least forty-one and injuring 120 others. A malfunction in one of the trains disrupted its schedule so that they were both on the same track. Europe: Russia: A stolen, large Soviet-era anti-aircraft missile exploded at a recycling center in the city of Chita, killing two and injuring one. Eastern Europe: A number of countries were belted with downpours, damaging winds, large hail and isolated tornadoes. Poland: Storms knocked tens of thousands of trees, damaed more than a thousand homes and killed six. Asia: China: A bus crashed into a wall of a tunnel in Shaanxi province, killing at least thirty-six and injuring thirteen. Philippines: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck west of Tuy (08-11; 05:28). India: Heavy rain again targeted the northeast, forcing the evacuations of more than 13,000 and triggering unprecedented river flooding. Raging waterways and mudslides damaged roads and bridges, and homes and businesses. The areas most affected were Uttar Pradesh to Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. Nearby parts of Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh were also flooded. Africa: Tanzania: Police killed thirteen suspects believed to be behind a number of mystery killings of security officers and members of a pro-government vigilante group in the south. Kenya: The results of a county governor election lead supporters of rival candidates to clash, setting on fire the main market in Garissa. Nigeria: The country's military performed an unauthorized raid on a UN compound in Maiduguri in search of Boko Haram militants. The search was due to a source that claimed the militants were there. The military did not find them. South Sudan: Rebels launched an offensive in an attempt to retake control of what was once their main headquarters in Pagak, near the Ethiopian border. During the clashes five rebel soldiers were killed and four government soldiers were wounded, as the rebels were repulsed twice. Somalia: A suicide bomber targeted Mogadishu's central prison, killing a soldier and himself, and wounding dozens. North America: Mexico: Hurricane Franklin made a second landfall with torrential rains, flooding, damaging winds and mudslides. It then dissipated but the risk of life-threatening flooding and mudslides would continue. US: Rounds of severe thunderstorms swept over the Plains states, bringing torrential rains, damaging hurricane-force winds, large hail that smashed vehicles windows and widespread flooding, damaging homes and businesses. Hundreds of white-supremacist marchers descended on the University of Virginia carrying torches and yelling "white lives matter". The next day, white supremacists clashed with anti-racist and anti-fascist demonstrators and a supremacist ploughed his car into the crowd, killing one and injuring nineteen. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun and turned toward Earth. The coronal mass ejection was expected to trigger auroras and geomagnetic storms on the 12th.
15th Last Quarter (1h 15m) LOW
Mideast: Iran: Officials began theatening about renewing their nuclear weapons program "in hours", because of the "language of threats and sanctions" of the US president. Europe: Portugal: A tree crashed down on a crowded square in the town of Funchal, on the island of Madeira, killing thirteen and injuring forty-nine. Russia: Shiveluch and Klyuchevskoy volcanoes on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent explosive eruptions with lava flows. Greece and Portugal: A wildfire, fanned by strong winds, destroyed at least twenty homes and forced evacuations. In Portugal at least forty-five people were injuried. Asia: India, Nepal and Bangladesh: Heavy rains triggered deadly flooding, leaving at least 250 dead and about two hundred missing. The floodwaters damaged bridges, downed power lines and washed away thousands of homes with 200,000 people in shelters and affected at least six million people. In Nepal, elephants were used to save hundreds of tourists stranded by the floodwaters. Indonesia: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck west of Bengkulu (08-13; 03:08). Langila volcano on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosve eruption. Africa: Senegal: A gunmen stormed a popular cafe in Burkina Faso and opned fire on the diners, killing at least eighteen (late on 14th). Sierra Leone: Heavy rains triggered the collapse of a hillside in the capital Freetown, leaving at least one hundred homes covered in mud, and killing at least four hundred. At least 600 were also still missing and 3,000 were homeless. Considering the bigger picture the total death toll from flooding in and around the capital was about fve hundred and tens of thousands of people were homeless. Mali: Gunmen attacked a UN peacekeeping base in the city of Timbuktu, killing seven. Four of the gunmen were also killed. Nigeria: Three female suicide bombers targeted a refugee camp near Maiduguri in Borno state, killing at least twenty-seven. The location suggests that the bombers were part of the militant Boko Haram. North America: US: Tropical Depression 8 strengthened into Hurricane Gert which brought choppy seas along the East Coast, and passed between Bermuda and the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Following Gert was a large batch of thunderstorms over the central Atlantic Ocean that had the potential to develop into a tropical depression or even a hurricane. Heavy rains triggered flooding in parts of the Arkansas River Valley. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A new sunspot AR2671 emerged with C-class solar flares and ejected huge clouds of plasma into space.
mid-17th-mid-19th - Mid-Phase LOW
Mideast: Iraq: Iraqi ground forces began an operation to retake Tal Afar, one of the last cities in the country held by ISIS miltants. Warplanes bombed ISIS positions in the city for several days to prepare. Europe: Spain: A van mowed through crowds of tourists on Barcelona's most famous Las Ramblas area, killing at least thirteen and wounding more than one hundred. The driver fled on foot triggering a manhunt. ISIS claimed responsibility. Asia: Indonesia: Ulawun volcano on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Nepal, Bangladesh and India: More than 16 million were affected by widespread flooding with the death toll reaching more than 500. Food shortages and disease were becoming critical, as floods with polluted water hit major farming and agricultural land in the south. Tens of thousands of people have been displaced, and the forecast calls for more rain (see the previous lunar phase). India: A train crash in the state of Uttar Pradesh involved at least eight cars jumping off the tracks near Muzaffarnagar, and leaving twenty-three dead and more than sixty injuried. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: Heavy rains caused parts of a nearby mountain to collapse and engulf a fishing village on the banks of Lake Albert, killing at least two hundred. Somalia: The US Africa command carried out three strikes against militant group al-Shabab. Burundi: Two bars in the capital, Bujumbura, were targeted with grenade attacks, wounding thirty and killing one. Burkina Faso: An explosive device hit a convoy carrying Burkina Faso soldiers near the Mali border, killing three. Kenya: Suspected al-Shabab militants in Maleli beheaded three people and torched several houses. Liberia: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms brought damaging winds, flooding downpours and tornadoes to the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley. Central America: Guatemala: Gunmen associated with a criminal gang opened fire in a hospital in Guatemala City, killing seven and wounding twelve. It seems that they were trying to free one of their jailed leaders. South America: Venezuela: A riot erupted at the jail in Puerto Ayacucho, the capital of Amazonas state, leaving at least thirty-seven dead and fourteen officials wounded. Ecuador: Reventador volcano again underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: Tropical Storm Harvey formed near the Caribbean and was headed to the Caribbean and Central America. Two other storm systems were closely following Harvey and were headed for the Caribbean, Central America and the United States. South: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck North of Ascension Island (08-18; 02:59). Pacific: South: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Lambasa on the island of Fiji (08-19; 02:00). Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection triggered G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras. Sunspot AR2671, more than 100,000 miles wide, maintained a magnetic field that harbors energy for M-class solar flares.
21st - New Moon (18h 30m) LOW
Mideast: Iraq: The army took a number of villages on the outskirts of Tal Afar in a major offensive against ISIS. Thousands of Iraqi civilians trapped in the city and faced great danger as they tried to flee as the miltants would use them a shields. Lebanon: The country's army recaptured a third of ISIS stronghold near Ras Baalbek, near the border with Syria, leaving at least twenty militants dead and ten soldiers wounded. Syria: Russian airstrikes targeted a convoy of about twenty 4x4s, armoured vehicles and tanks, killing more than two-hundred ISIS miltants. Europe: Italy: A moderate 4.0 magnitude earthquake rocked the island of Ischia causing buildings in the town of Casamicciola to collapse. Two people were killed, twenty-five were injuried and ten were missing. Spain: The van attacker that killed at least thirteen and wounded more than one hundred in Barcelona was cornered and shot dead (see previous lunar phase). Asia: Taiwan and China: Tropical Storm Hato, reaching the maximum of a Category 10 storm, unleashed heavy rainfall, widespread flooding, mudslides and damaging winds on parts of Taiwan and southeastern China. At least three were killed and at least thirty-four were injuried. India, Nepal and Bangladesh: After weeks of heavy rainfall there came the worst flooding in more than a decade as rivers continue to overflow, impacting more than forty-one million people. At least 1,000 people have died, and the storms wrecked havoc damaging roads, knocking out power and washing away tens of thousands of homes, schools, hospitals and crops. Africa: Somalia: Al-Shabab miltants carried out a mortar and landmine attack on troops as their convoy was travelling on a road linking the town of Jowhar to Balad in Middle Shabelle region, killing at least seven Burundian peacekeepers. Democratic Republic of Congo: Clashes erupted between ethnic militias in the east leaving five dead and twenty-five huts burned down. North and Central America: Tropical Storm Harvey showed signs of regeneration after it swept the Bahamas and headed for Mexico, Central America and the southern US, bringing flooding rains, damaging winds and rough surf. US: Kansas was slammed with as much as ten inches (250 mm) of rain that fell overnight, triggering widespread flooding that claimed two lives. More than 160 water rescues were undertaken. Solar Activity: A rare total solar eclipse swept across the US from the Northwest to the Southeast.
24th-25th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Syria: The UN urged coalition forces to suspend their assault on Raqqa, as about 25,000 civilians were trapped in the city. The city has been hit by 250 airstrikes in the past week alone and hundreds of civlians have been killed so far. Meanwhile, ISIS miltants have been also using civlians as shields. Yemen: A Saudi-led coalition airstrike on the outskirts of the capital, Sanaa, targeted a hotel in the Arhab area, killing at least thirty as the roof also collapsed. Two days later, an airstrike hit a residential area of the capital, killing at least nine and destroying two buildings. Europe: Switzerland: A massive landslide swept into an alpine valley in Bondo, forcing the evacuation of a village in the Val Bondasca region. At least eight people were missing as about 120 rescuers with dogs searched for survivors. Asia: China: Typhoon Hato made landfall near Zhuhai city in Guangdong province, bringing with it strong winds and pounding rain that triggered widespread flooding and landslides. The toll rose to sixteen dead and hundreds injuried. Nearly 27,000 people on the mainland were evacuated, as the storm left destruction in its path. Hong Kong's meteorological authority ordered the highest typhoon warning as Hato's maximum winds reached 119 mph (192 kph). Meanwhile, Tropical Storm Pakhar formed near the Philippines and could bring even more flooding to China and Hong Kong, along with the destruction left by Hato. Philippines: Tropical Storm Pakhar landfall bringing flooding downpours, damaging winds and powerful stroms surges. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Bagana volcano on the Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea, and Sinabung volcano in Sumatra underwent explosive eruptions. Myanmar: Clashes erupted between militants and security forces in Rakhine State, leaving at least seventy-one dead. The militants used knives, small guns and explosives in coordinated attacks on more than twenty police and military posts around Buthidaung and Maungdaw. India: Violent protests brokeout in Panchkula town, near Chandigarh, over the rape conviction of a popular religious leader, leaving at least twenty-three dead. About 2,500 of followers were arrested. Afghanistan: An ISIS miltant suicide bomber targeted a Kabul mosque's gate allowing two gunmen to enter as worshippers gathered, killing at least twenty and wounding forty. Africa: Ethiopia: A grenade attack took place in the town of Jimma in Oromia region, wounding at least thirteen. Erta Ale volcano underwent an eruption with lava flows and a persistant lava lake. Somalia: An attack by Somali forces in Lower Shabelle left ten civilians dead according to witnesses, but the government denied this saying the attack killed eight al-Shabab miltants. North America: US: Hurricane Harvey reached a Category 4 status in the Gulf of Mexico and headed towards the Texas coast with winds in excess of 130 mph (209 kph) and as much as 156 mph (250 kph). Oil platforms in the Gulf and refineries on land all closed in preparation. The hurricane made landfall on the night of 25th, bringing flooding rains, powerful storm surges, and destroyed or damaged thousands of homes and businesses. It would then stall dumping in excess of 3 feet (915 mm) of rain and along with a 12-foot storm surge triggered major widespread flooding in areas of the Texas coast and parts of Louisiana who declared states of disaster before Harvey struck. South America: Brazil: A ferry sank off the northeast coast of the city of Salvador, drowning at least eighteen. Rescue teams and private boats saved about ninety people. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Central America: Costa Rica: Poás volcano underwent phreatic (water) eruptions with some geyser-like ejections form the crater. Solar Activity: The two sunspots AR2671 and AR2672 on the Earth-facing side of the Sun displayed magnetic fields that could produce M-class solar flares. The Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field triggered an unexpected geomagnetic storm and auroras.
29th - Last Quarter (8h 13m) MODERATE
Mideast: Israel: Officials claimed that Iran was building sites in Syria and Lebanon to produce precision-guided missiles. Iranian forces have been depolyed in Syria's war and Iran backs Lebanon's Hezbollah movement, making Israel very concerned. Asia: India: Heavy monsoon rains in Mumbai brought the transportation system into chaos. Trains and flights were cancelled. Schools were closed. And roadways were under waist deep water. Meanwhile, another monsoon low was set to drench areas from Mumbai to Karachi. Myanmar: A new outbreak of violence again hit Rakhine state, causing thousands of Rohingya civilians to flee towards Bangladesh. Dozens of militants were killed in this and previous clashes (see the previous lunar phase). Indonesia: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Lorengau, Papua New Guinea (08-27; 04:17). Africa: Niger: After months of heavy rains the capital, Niamey, ordered thousands to evacuate. Buildings were destroyed, and key roads were destroyed or damaged in several parts of the country. Livestock and crops were lost. Uganda: Torrential rains triggerd a landslide that swallowed a village in the Sironko region, leaving at least one dead and seven missing. In addition, a landslide hit three villages in the neighboring Bududa district (no reports on the damage). North America: US: Hurricane Harvey and its more than 200 acompanying tornadoes left behind the debris of thousands of homes and businesses (see also the previous lunar phase). It then weakened into a tropical storm that remained relatively stationary dumping more than 50 inches (1,270 mm) of rain over four days in some parts of Huston, Texas. This historic rainfall was the most rainfall on record for the entire nation and its history. And the rain was still falling, continuing to spread over southeastern Texas and southern Louisiana. Water was spilling over dams, rivers were swollen over their banks and had yet to crest, which would cause even more flooding and catastrophic levee failure. In Brazoria County, Texas, the levee at Columbia Lakes had already failed and immediate evacuation took place. Streets and highways became impassable rivers. The floodwaters carried water-born diseases, toxic chemicals, physical hazards, and venomous snakes. A curfew had to be imposed because of widespread looting and robbery. At least seventy people were killed. The entire Texas National Guard of 12,000 people was deployed. The most costly disaster in US history will have an economic impact, by the time its total destruction is completed, that will approach $180 billion, which exceeds the combined effect of Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy. Mexico: Potential Tropical Cyclone 14 developed off the west coast, and would trigger heavy rains, flooding and mudslides. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection sent a stream of solar wind toward the Earth where it would trigger geomagnetic storms and auroras.
1st-2nd - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Iraq: A fierce battle took place in the town of Ayadiya, forcing ISIS miltants out and recapturing Nineveh province. The next day suicide bombers attacked a power station north of Baghdad using grenades to enter the site. At least three ISIS gunmen wearing explosive vests attacked the station near the northern city of Samarra, killing at least seven. Europe: Russia: Twelve waterspouts were seen in Sochi, forcing evacuations. Waterspouts are rare in colder climates like Russia. Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands underwent an explosive euption. Germany: A 1.4-ton British World War II bomb was found on a building site in Frankfurt, forcing an evacuation of about 65,000. The people were moved so that the huge bomb could be prepared for a controlled explosion. Asia: Myanmar: Since violence erupted in Rakhine state (see last two lunar phases) about 40,000 Rohingya Muslims fled crossing the Naf river to neighboring Bangladesh. Sixteen bodies washed up on shore and forty died in capsized boats. Indonesia: Manam and Langila volcanoes on Papua New Guinea underwent explosive eruptions. Ambrym volcano on the island of Vanuatu erupted with lava flows and formed lava lakes. A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Muara Siberut (08-31; 17:06). China: Tropical Storm Mawar headed for the southeast bringing more rain and flooding to the already soaked and flooded region. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: After a series of violent robberies during which people were killed in the city of Lubumbashi, four suspected criminals were burned alive and their bodies were put on public display in what was called "people's justice." The bandits worked in tandem with the police, so people took justice into their own hands. Algeria: A suicide bomber targeted a police headquarters in the region of Tiaret, killing two policemen. North America: US: The Ponderosa Fire burned 3,680 acres (1,490 hectares) and destroyed twenty homes in Butte County, California. Authorities issued evacuation orders to residents of some 500 homes in the area and the govenor declared a state of emergency. The remnants of Hurricne Harvey swept into the Northeast with locally drenching downpours and gusty thunderstorms. A large tornado ripped through Reform, Alabama causing damage and injuring at least four people. Mexico: Tropical Storm Lidia brought torrential rain that triggered widespread flooding and mudslides, killing at least three. Washed out roads left cars and trucks abandoned. The storm also caused power outages, damaged houses and destroyed beach-front properties. South America: Peru: Police clashed with protesting teachers in Lima and used tear gas and baton strikes to disperse the crowd. Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: North Central: Hurricane Irma strengthened into a Category 3 storm with sustained winds of 120 mph (193 kph) and was headed westward towards the US and Carribean islands. It could strengthen further into a Category 4 hurricane. Solar Activity: The remnants of a coronal mass ejection triggered G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras.
6th - Full Moon (7h 3m) MODERATE
Mideast: Syria: The military broke a siege on the city of Deir al-Zour, surrounded for years by ISIS miltants. The troops engaged in fierce clashes with militants, as airstrikes destroyed ISIS vehicles and fortifications in numerous villages.
Asia: Myanmar: A huge influx of Rohingya Muslims were still fleeing violence by migrating into Bangladesh. A senior official in Bangladesh protested that Myanmar government forces were planting landmines to stop the Rohingya from returning to their villages. Japan: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck west of Chichi-shima (09-07; 17:26). Africa: Togo: Hundreds of thousands marched through the streets of the capital, Lomé, protesting against the president who was seen as part of a dynasy after taking over after his father's death. Somalia: US forces undertook a "precision airstrike" in central Somalia killing three al-Shabab militants. Kenya: A land dispute triggered a new wave of attacks in the coastal region of Lamu, leaving four dead. Mauritania: Severe storms - the worst in nearly 20 years - brought extensive damage to property with many people losing their homes along with widespread flooding. At least fifteen were killed and dozens of others were injured mainly when buildings collapsed. North America: US: Florida, under a state of emergency due to Hurricane Irma, began evacuations as 2.7 million Miami residents stocked up on dwindling supplies. A mandatory evacuation was issued for the Florida Keys. Atlantic: West Central: Hurricane Irma stregthened into an extremely dangerous Category 5 hurricane with sustained winds of 185 mph (298 kph) as it tore through the Caribbean. It battered the northern Lesser Antilles and Virgin Islands, while at least 90% of the island of Barbuda was destroyed. Irma then hit Puerto Rico with torrential rains, widespread flooding and damaging winds. Some of the residents could be without power for as much as six months. Its track indicates that it could make landfall somewhere in South Florida in a few days, forcing massive evacuations. So far it left at least thirty-seven dead. Meanwhile, two other storms strengthened into hurricanes, Hurricane Jose in the Atlantic and Hurricane Katia in the Gulf of Mexico. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2673 unleashed a major X9.3-class solar flare - the strongest solar flare in more than a decade. The radiation from the blast ionized the top of Earth's atmosphere, causing a strong shortwave radio blackout over Europe, Africa and the Atlantic Ocean. Two coronal mass ejections were headed for Earth where they would trigger G2- or G3-class geomagnetic storms and auroras.
9th-10th - Mid-Phase HIGH
Mideast: Syria: Israeli jets attacked a site where it was suspected that chemical weapons were being manufactured near a military post outside of Masyaf, killing two soldiers. The strike came after UN human rights investigators concluded a Syrian Air Force jet had dropped a bomb containing the nerve agent Sarin on a rebel-held town in April, killing at least eighty-three. Europe: Italy: An unexpected heavy rain flooded the cities of Livorno and Tuscany, killing at least six. Large areas were underwater and there was extensive damage. Rome was put on the highest alert. UK: An area of low pressure was headed for southern Wales and southwest England, with gusts of between 55 and 60 mph (88-97 kph) expected. It was possible that some gusts could reach hurricane force. Asia: Bangladesh: Millions were trying to recover their losses after the worst floods in South Asia in a decade. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Langila volcano on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Check back as news was not yet available. North America: Mexico: An 8.1 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Pijijiapan (09-08; 04:49). Buildings and homes crumbled, as at least ninety were killed and more than 200 were injuried. Rescue efforts sought to recover other victimes beneath the rubble, especially in the worst-hit states of Tabasco, Oaxaca and Chiapas. There were 721 aftershcks that followed the initial quake, encouraging the fearful to camp in the streets. Hurricane Katia struck Veracruz on the east coast triggering landslides, mudslides and widespread flooding. US: Hurricane Irma struck islands off Florida's southern coast where the storm surge was so high that staying behind was described as "almost like suicide". With sustained winds of 185 mph, Hurricane Irma tied for the second strongest hurricane ever in the Altantic Basin. Then Hurricane Irma swallowed up Florida from coast-to-coast, flooding homes, tossing boats, turning streets and highways into rivers, knocking out power to about 14 million and toppling massive construction cranes in Miami. Low lying areas were hit with storm surges as much as 15-feet (4.6 m) high. Numerous tornadoes were also spawned wrecking more damage. Atlantic: West Central: Hurricane Irma devastated seven Caribbean islands with strong winds, heavy rain, storm surges up to 20 feet (6 m) high, mudslides, landslides and widespread flooding. At least twenty-seven peple were killed. After Hurricane Irma had destroyed more than 95% of Barbuda (see the previous lunar phase) it was hit a second time by Hurricane Jose, forcing the entire population to evacuate. The US Virgin Islands were also a scene of massive devastation with homes, buildings wiped away. Hurricane Irma made landfall on the Camaguey Archipelago, in Cuba's northeast, as a category five storm - the strongest category. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A severe geomagnetic storm was accompanied by auroras that could be seen over New Zealand. Auroras were also seen in at least eighteen US states, as far south as North Carolina, Ohio and Arkansas. The next day, sunspot AR2673 erupted again, producing a major X8-class solar flare that triggered a shortwave radio blackout over the Americas.
13th - Last Quarter (6h 25m) HIGH
Mideast: Syria: Russian airstrikes targeted the city of Deir al-Zour hitting camps for displaced people and passenger ferries, killing dozens. At least 69 people had been killed in Russian airstrikes over the past three days. Iraq: A suicide bomber and gunmen targeted a restaurant near Nasiriya, and shortly afterward a bomb exploded at a nearby checkpoint, leaving at least sixty dead and more than ninety wounded. Europe: Russia: Towns and cities across the country were hit by a wave of bomb threats, forcing the evacuation of numerous schools, shopping centers, train stations and public buildings. As many as 100,000 people had been affected. France: A few hundred thousand protests took to the streets in cities across the country because of changes to labor laws. Asia: Myanmar/Bangladesh: The UN declared a catastrophic humanitarian situation had developed with regard to Rohingya Muslims who were targetd by the military. Whole villages had been burned down. About 379,000 Rohingyas fled to Bangladesh over the past month. Malaysia: A fire broke out at a school in the Jalan Datuk Keramat area, killing at least twenty-five students and teachers. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan, Tiawan and China: A tropical system strengthened into Typhoon Talim, equivalent to a Category 3 hurricane, and headed for eastern Taiwan and China, and afterward Japan. Talim was expected to strengthen further as it reaches the warm waters of the East China Sea, bringing heavy rainfall, flooding, mudslides and rough seas. Africa: Somalia: The US undertook three airstrikes in the south, killing at least six al-Shabab militants. Ethiopia: Protests erupted in towns in the east, displacing more than 600 people, and damaging property and vehicles; at least two people were killed. Nigeria: Clashes took place between the military and activists campaigning for the creation of the independent state of Biafra, forcing a dusk-to-dawn curfew. North America: Mexico: Two tropical systems formed in the eastern Pacific basin and headed for Mexico where it would move into areas from coastal Michoacan to southern Oaxaca. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano uderwent an explosive eruption. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano again underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: People in Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince, angered by the rise in taxes, took to the streets in violent protests. Northwest: Jose, currently a Category 1 hurricane, stirred up dangerous seas along the north- and east-facing beaches of the Leeward Islands, the British and US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola and the Turks and Caicos. Previously, most of these islands were hit by Hurricane Irma. Jose then shifted its path and was headed for the US. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection sparked a polar G1-class geomagnetic storm that intensified into a G2-class storm and triggered auroras over Iceland.
16th-17th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM
Mideast: Syria: Coalition forces moved towards the city of Deir al-Zour to recapture the city from ISIS militants. Russian airstrikes may have wounded six of the coalition fighters, though they claimed only ISIS targets were hit. Europe: Ukraine: A fire broke out overnight inside a wooden two-story dormitory on the shores of the Black Sea killing three children. Angry parents then protested outside the town hall in Odessa over the deaths, and the police dispersed the crowd with tear gas. It was unknown who started the fire. Romania: An unexpected, powerful storm pounded the west, killing eight and injuring sixty-seven mostly in and around the city of Timisoara. Roofs were torn off, trees were knocked down, and water and power were cut. Asia: Japan: Typhoon Talim - the equivalent of a Category 3 hurricane - swept across Japan with damaging winds, flooding rain, mudslides and an inundating storm surge. Talim made landfall in southern Kyushu where Sakurajima volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Talim then swept across Shikoku and southern Honshu. The full effect of the devastation was not yet known. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: After four of their countrymen were expelled protesters swarmed a prison where Burundians were being held for deportation in the east of the country. A clash erupted in which a soldier was killed and then security forces responded with indiscriminate firing on the protesters, killing at least thirty-seven and wounding 117. Ethiopia: Thousands fled the Somali region following deadly clashes between ethnic Somalis and Oromos that left at least thirty dead; the clashes have displaced at least 30,000. North America: US: Hurricane Jose brought rough surf, beach erosion, wind and rain to the Northeast. Mexico: Hurricane Max had slammed into the south as a Category 1 but the mountainous area weakened it. Meanwhile, Hurricane Norma strengthened into a Category 1 and hit south into Baja California Sur with damaging winds, heavy rains and rough seas. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an eplosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an eplosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: Tropical Storm Maria would soon become a Category 5 Hurricane posing a threat to Irma-devastated areas in the northern and eastern Caribbean. Maria had potential to also hit the US. East: Tropical Storm Lee formed and was following the path of Maria, and would likely become a hurricane too. Solar Activity: The solar wind triggered days of geomagnetic storms and auroras.
20th - New Moon (5h 30m) MAXIMUM
Mideast: Iraq: Anbar provincial police and Sunni Arab tribal fighters moved in on the ISIS-held town of Ana to recapture the last ISIS stronghold in the western desert. Asia: Japan: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck east of Kamaishi (09-20; 16:37). Indonesia: Agung volcano on the island of Bali underwent a highly explosive eruption. India: More than a month's worth of rain fell on Mumbai, triggering widespread flooding that turned streets into rivers, closed schools and damaged property. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: Heavy rain in North Kivu province triggered widespread flooding that killed dozens; one hundred were missing. Mali: Two UN camps in the town of Kidal were attacked with rockets causing significant damage, but no casualties. Nigeria: The Nigerian Air Force deployed aircraft to the southeast in support of Operation Python Dance, combating kidnapping and other criminal activity. North America: Mexico: A 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck east of Raboso (09-19; 18:14). Scores of buildings collapsed in Mexico City and surrounding areas, killing at least 369, as thousands fled into the streets in panic. Rescuers frantically dug out people trapped under rubble. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano again underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: Dominica: Hurricane Maria made landfall in Dominica as a Category 5 storm, leaving behind widespread devastation with flooding, triggering mudslides, and destroying homes and businesses. Puerto Rico: Hurricane Maria pounded the island as a Category 4 Hurricane with sustained winds of 155 mph (250 kph). It was the strongest hurricane to hit Puerto Rico in more than 80 years. Hundreds of homes were destroyed, power was knocked out across the entire island, streets turned into raging rivers, roofs were torn off and at least 20 inches (500 mm) of rain fell. The estimated damage was put at $30 billion, as officials say the island has been set back decades. Caribbean: The death toll from Hurricane Maria was at least twenty-seven. Maria then headed for the northeastern coast of the Dominican Republic before arriving in the Turks and Caicos and Southeast Bahamas, possibly even the East Coast of the US. Pacific: South: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck north of Isangel, Vanuatu (09-20; 20:09). Southwest: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck west of Auckland Island, New Zealand (09-20; 01:43). Solar Activity: The solar wind was flowing from a coronal hole and would reach Earth in a couple of days.
22nd Equinox and Mid-Phase 23rd-24th MAXIMUM
Mideast: Iraq: An offensive was undertaken to expel ISIS militants from Hawija, one of the last areas in the country still held by them. Asia: Indonesia: Mount Agung volcano on the island of Bali was on the highest level alert after numerous quakes, forcing the evacuation of about 35,000 people. The last time it erupted 1,000 were killed. Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Sudan: The president of Sudan visited South Darfur causing a clash to erupt between protesters and Sudanese troops that left three dead and thirty wounded. Cameroon: Thousands took part in protests against the government with protesters saying "We want freedom!" While the protests were going on an explosion took place near a fuel depot in the economic capital, Douala. The death toll was not yet reported, and no group claimed responsibility. Libya: A migrant boat ran out of fuel and capsized off the coast drowning fifty. North America: Mexico: Still suffering the effects of the 7.1 quake (see previous lunar phase), rescue operations were halted when a 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck the state of Oaxaca south of Matias Romero (09-23; 12:53). Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Tropical Storm Pilar strengthened and brought rough seas, flooding downpours and mudslides in the southwest. US: The remnants of Hurricane Maria churnned up high seas along the East Coast, and would approach North Carolina. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Brazil: A gun battle broke out between the police and criminal gangs after violent clashes between drug gangs in the Rocinha slum in Rio de Janeiro brought out the army. Schools and streets were closed; the death toll was not reported. Atlantic: Caribbean: Puerto Rico was still without power, any kind of recovery was months away, and adding to it all, the Guajataca Dam burst forcing the evacuation of about 70,000 people. At least ten more people died since Maria battered Puerto Rico. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras. Sunspot AR2673 re-emerged (last emergence was 9/08) and was rotating towards Earth.
28th - First Quarter (2h 54m) MAXIMUM
Mideast: Israel: A Palestinian militant attacked the West Bank settlement of Har Adar, killing one Israeli policeman and two security guards, and seriously wounded another. Europe: Ukraine: A huge arms depot in central Vinnytsia region used for storing missiles caught fire and exploded in what was a possible act of sabotage. The explosion forced the evacuation of more than 30,000 people. Asia: Afghanistan: Militants attacked the Kabul airport with rockets shortly after US Defence Secretary arrived. In support of Afghan troops fighting the militants, a US airstrike targeting them went wrong when a missile malfunctioned hitting civilians; the number of casualties were unknown. Africa: Uganda: Heavy rains triggered widespread flooding that left thirteen dead, and dozens missing. South Africa: Countrywide anti-Zuma protests took place in at least thirteen cities across the country. They were marching against corruption throughout the government. Cameroon: Refugees who had fled the militant insurgency in the northeast by crossing into neighboring Cameroon were now in a mass eviction of about 100,000 Nigerian asylum seekers. North America: Mexico: Masked men broke into a drug rehabilitation center in the city of Chihuahua and opened fire, killing at least fourteen and wounding eight. US: The combination of heat, dry air and locally gusty winds brought about ideal conditions for the rapid spread of existing and potentially new wildfires. Atlantic: Caribbean: Devastated by Hurricane Maria the US Navy began the evacuation off the island of Dominica where dozens were still missing and twenty had been killed, and most buildings were in shambles. Puerto Rico was in the grip of humanitarian, agricultural and economic crises, as its 3.5 million residents also cope with the loss of power, drinkable water and fuel. Relief efforts had still not arrived. Northwest: Maria again strengthened back into a hurricane as it swept past North Carolina where it brought rough seas, coastal erosion and heavy rains. Maria then headed for the open sea and then the UK. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck south of the Fiji Islands (09-26; 04:20). Antarctica: An iceberg four times the size of Manhattan broke off one of the continent's glaciers. Solar Activity: A G2-class geomagnetic storm and auroras were triggered as the Earth plowed into a fast-moving solar wind.
1st-2nd - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM
Mideast: Syria: Two suicide bombers targeted a police station in the central Midan district of Damascus, killing eleven. Libya: An armed militia shut down one of the country’s largest oil fields - Al Sharara oil field - in the south. Europe: Spain: A vote on independence for the Catalan region was met with National Police officers in riot gear out to prevent the voting. The result was tht 844 people sustained injuries in brawls with the police, as 90% voted for independence. UK: The remnants of Hurricane Maria - having already absorbed moisture from former Hurricane Lee - brought downpours and strong winds to the north and west, triggering flooding and property damage. France: A Tunisian man attacked and killed two women in a train station in the city of Marseille in what was called a terrorist attack. The attacker was shot dead by a soldier. Asia: India: Overcrowding and people seeking shelter from monsoon rains triggered a stampede on a bridge at a Mumbai railway station, leaving twenty-two dead and more than thirty injuried. Indonesia: More than 140,000 fled the island of Bali due to fears that Mount Agung would erupt; the highest alert level was instituted. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Cameroon: English-speaking parts of the country set out for independence with protests held in several cities. Soldiers shot dead at least thirty and wounded at least fifty people, and arrested two hundred. Tear gas and live bullets were used by security forces. Kenya: Protests by opposition supporters pushing for electoral changes ahead of the presidential election took place in at least three cities. Police used tear gas to disperse protesters in Nairobi and Kisumu. North America: US: Some parts of Massachusetts were hit with over four inches of rain in a few hours, triggering flash flooding and water rescues. A tropical disturbance brought heavy rains to Florida, triggering widespread flooding. A gunman in the high-rise Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino in Las Vegas opened fire on a country music festival, killing at least sixty and wounding at least 527. This was the worst mass shooting in recent US history. Cleveland volcano on the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, underwent an explosive eruption and formed a lava dome. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: Manaro Voui volcano on the island of Ambae, Vanuatu, erupted forcing the evacuation of all 11,000 residents. Lava "bombs" were seen flying as far as 300 feet (91.5 m) every few seconds. Volcanoes on the Vanuatu islands of Ambrym and Lopevi were also active. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection took place that would reach Earth in a few days.
5th - Full Moon (18h 40m) MAXIMUM
Mideast: Iraq: The country's military retook the city of Hawija from ISIS miltants, leaving them with only a stretch of the Euphrates river valley around al-Qaim. Syria: Several regions were experiencing the worse fighting since the battle for Aleppo, the fighting was mostly in Raqqa, Deir al-Zour and rural areas west of Aleppo. Reports claim there were hundreds of civilian casualties and the destruction of hospitals and schools, mostly by airstrikes over previous days. Russian airstrikes critically injured the leader of an al-Qaeda-linked miltant group and twelve of his field commanders. Europe: Germany: A storm, dubbed Xavier, produced wind gusts of 50 to 60 mph (80-96 kph) from Bremen and Hamburg to Dresden, while Berlin was pounded with hurricane force winds. The storm left six dead, and knocked down trees and powerlines, causing widespread property damage. Asia: Pakistan: A suicide bomber targeted a Sufi shrine in Jhal Magsi, in the province of Baluchistan, killing at least eighteen and wounding twenty-seven. Japan: Heavy downpours triggered flash flooding and mudslides in the western and southern regions; more rain was forecast. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck east of Ishinomaki (10-06; 07:59). Africa: Niger: Militants undertook an ambush near the border with Mali, killing four soldiers, three from the US, and wounded another two; several Nigerien soldiers were also killed. French forces then brought on a counter-attack near Niger's border with Mali. Mozambique: Thirty armed militants attacked the town of Mocimboa da Praia, killing a least sixteen and wounding two policemen. Residents fled the town and could not return for nearly a week. North America: US: Tropical Storm Nate headed for Louisiana where evacuations took place in St Bernard Parish east of New Orleans. Nate was exoected to strengthen into a Category 1 Hurricane. In Florida the govenor declared a state of emergency in 29 counties in anticipation of the storm, which could bring torrential rain and tornadoes to the Panhandle. A blizzard dumped up to 30 inches (762 mm) of snow in parts of Montana, breaking the October snowfall record in the city of Havre. Flooding downpours, hail, tornadoes and gusty thunderstorms with damaging winds affected parts of the Plains and Midwest. Mexico: Tropical Storm Nate was also expected to sweep the Yucatan Peninsula. Central America: Nicaragua, Honduras and Costa Rica: Tropical Storm Nate formed and swept across Central American countries. In Nicaragua fifteen were killed after nearly constant rain had fallen in recent weeks, triggering widespread flooding and sent rivers over their banks. Then it was hit by the pounding rain of Nate. In Costa Rica seven were killed, fifteen were missing and 5,000 sought shelter from the widespread flooding of Nate. Nate then headed for Honduras (details were not yet available as it would hit at night). South America: Brazil: A security guard set fire to a child daycare center in the town of Janauba, Minas Gerais state, killing four children and a teacher, and then set hiself on fire. Another twenty-five people, mostly children, were being treated for burns in local hospitals. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection took place that would reach Earth in a few days.
8th-9th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM
Mideast: Syria: The Free Syrian Army, backed by Turkey, undertook a new operation in Idlib province, where the militant group Hayat Tahrir al-Sham resides. Iraq: More than a thousand ISIS miltants surrendered after their Iraqi stronghold of Hawija fell. Orignally, they claimed that their only fate was to win or die as martyrs. Europe: Mediterranean: A boat carrying migrants between Tunisia and Malta collided with a Tunisian navy vessel, leaving at least eight migrants dead. Dozens were rescued of about seventy on board, while dozens more were still unamissing. Democratic Republic of Congo: Militants attacked a UN military base in a village near the city of Beni, killing one UN peacekeeper and wounding twelve others. The Ugandan rebel group Allied Democratic Forces was responsible. Asia: Myanmar and Bangladesh: A boat filled with Rohingya Muslims who were fleeing a military crackdown in Myanmar's Rakhine state capsized near the Bangladesh coast. At least two were killed, while many of the hundred on board were missing, triggering a rescue operation. Indonesia: Agung volcano on the island of Bali was undergoing increased earthquake activity, which could mean a highly explosive eruption is eminent. Lewotolo volcano on the Lesser Sunda Islands raised the alert level also due to increased seismic activity. Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera uderwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: Sakurajima volcano in Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Ghana: Huge explosions shook a fuel depot in the capital Accra, leaving at least seven dead and more than 100 injuried, and forcing evacuations. The first blast then triggered a second explosion that also set a gas station nearby on fire. Nigeria: Gunmen attacked a market in the city of Port Harcourt, killing at least ten women. The motive was unknown. North America: US: Nate's became a hurricane a second time as it struck Mississippi and Louisiana, leaving behind marooned boats, submerged vehicles, coastal flooding, beach erosion, and damaged or destroyed buildings. Nate then hit southern Alabama as a tropical depression, and then moved up into the Ohio River Valley and the Northeast with strong winds, waterspouts, tornadoes and heavy rains that triggered widespread flooding. In California, wildfires fanned by strong winds swept through the North Bay area, killing twenty-nine, injuring dozens of others, and destroying thousndss of homes and businesses. About 20,000 were forced to flee from Napa, Sonoma and Yuba counties as wine country became ash and twisted metal. A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck east of Buldir Island, Alaska (10-08; 22:34). Central America: Nicaragua, Honduras and Costa Rica: Hurricane Nate brought heavy rains that triggered mudslides, landslides and floods that made roads into rivers, and destroyed and damaged bridges and houses. It killed at least twenty-five and forced hundreds of thousands to flee to shelters, as it headed for the US. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an eplosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Northwest: A pair of tropical depressions formed in the western South China Sea that might become a typhoon. Regardless, heavy rainfall would bring flash flooding and mudslides from Hainan through northern Vietnam and Laos; China and Japan might also be affected later. South: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck the Balleny Islands region (10-08; 20:48). A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Pangai, Tonga (10-08; 14:04). Aoba (Ambae) volcano on Vanuatu uderwent an eruption. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun sending a stream of solar wind toward Earth with a 65% chance of triggering G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras in about two days.
12th - Last Quarter (12h 25m) HIGH
Asia: Vietnam: A tropical depression swept across northern and central Vietnam with heavy rains triggering widespread flooding and landslides, killing at least thirty-seven and injuring more than forty. Another forty were missing, thousands were evacuated from their homes, and at least 16,000 homes were submerged. The storm was expected to intensify in the following days. Vietnam, China and Phillipines: Tropical Storm Khanun developed and began to strengthen and take aim at southernmost China, flood-ravaged northern Vietnam, and the Phillipines. It would bring heavy rains, mudslides, damaging winds and a flooding storm surge. India, Bangladesh and Myanmar: A tropical cyclone began to develop in the Bay of Bengal and would bring heavy rains, widespread flooding, strong winds and a flooding storm surge in the following days. Africa: South Africa: A supercell thunderstorm swept through the KwaZulu-Natal region, killing at least eleven, mooring ships and turning streets into rivers that stranded vehilces. Ethiopia: Renewed conflict in the Oromia region left eight dead and thirty wounded, as anti-government protests took place in a number of towns. Kenya: Demonstrations were banned in three major cities - the capital Nairobi, Mombasa and Kisumu - as fires were set in the streets. North America: US: Strong winds fanned disasterous wildfires in California consuming whole neighborhoods and forcing thousands to flee. At least forty were killed and thousands were missing. There were twenty-one fires burning across the northern part of the state which destroyed more than 3,500 buildings and burned more than 191,000 acres (77,300 ha) - an area discribed as "nearly the size of New York City." US and Canada: Potent storms developed that would slam British Columbia and the northwestern US. There would be drenching rain, heavy mountain snow and strong winds in following days. South America: Chile: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Putre (10-10; 06:32). Atlantic: South: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck Bouvet Island region (10-10; 18:53). Solar Activity: G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras were triggered by a stream of fast-moving solar wind.
15th-16th - Mid-Phase HIGH
Mideast: Syria: Coalition forces launched a final assault on the remaining ISIS militants in Raqqa. They took control of the city, a one-time ISIS miltant capital, with only a few dozen militants remaining. Iraq: Iraqi forces seized oil fields and other infrastructure in Kirkuk. Yemen: US airstrikes targeted two ISIS training camps in the country's central region, killing at least fifty miltants. Europe: UK: Hurricane Ophelia headed towards the British Isles prompting the Met Office to warn of its "potential danger to life". A major warning was issued for Northern Ireland and western Scotland, where all schools were to be closed. Violent and destructive gusts accompanied the hurricane with sustained winds of 90 mph (145 kph). Scotland, Wales, Northern England and the Midlands received the strongest winds. Hundreds of thousands lost power, buildings were damaged or destroyed, and at least three were killed by falling trees. Portugal and Spain: Wildfires swept through central and north Portugal, killing at least thirty-four and injuring at least fifty. Wildfires that broke out across the border in Spain's Galicia region took three lives. Hurricane Ophelia, as it approached Europe's western coast, brought strong winds that fanned and spread the flames, making matters worse. Entire communities and vehilces were brought to ashes. Asia: Afghistan: A would-be suicide truck bomber was stopped by Afghan police who arrested him in Kabul. The nearly three tons of explosives and two bombs that were hidden under boxes of tomatoes would have been a major attack on the city. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Philippines: The ISIS group leader in Southeast Asia, on the US list of "most wanted terrorists", was killed in Marawi along with another wanted militant. Pakistan: Missiles fired by a US drone struck a militant compound in the Kurram tribal region close to the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, killing at least twenty miltants and two intelligence officials. Africa: Somalia: A truck packed with explosives was detonated near the entrance of a hotel in Mogadishu, killing at least 358 and wounding more than three hundred. Of the dead, 165 were so burnt that they could not be identified. The hotel had collapsed, with people trapped under the rubble. Another two were killed in a second bomb attack in the Madina district of the city. Nigeria: Gunmen attacked several villages in Plateau State and the Bassa area where they also burnt homes to the ground, leaving at least thirty-five dead. North America: Mexico: A series of gunbattles erupted in the border state of Tamauilpas in the city of Reynosa and the nearby town of Rio Bravo, leaving at least eleven dead. Atlantic: West Central: A tropical system began developing between the Bahamas and Bermuda was expected to strengthen into a tropical depression with downpours streaming across the Caribbean Islands who were still enduring the long road to recovery after hurricanes Irma and Maria. Pacific: South: Aoba (Ambae) volcano on Vanuatu underwent an eruption. Northwest: Tropical Storm Lan formed in the Philippine Sea between the Mariana Islands and the Philippines, and was expected to strengthen significantly as it headed for Japan. Solar Activity: G1-classand and G2-class geomagnetic storms and auroras were active around both poles. Auroras descended as far south as Michigan, Minnesota, Wyoming and Washington - all without a single sunspot.
19th - New Moon (19h 12m) HIGH
Mideast: Israel-Syria: A mortar fell in the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights, possibly from the ongoing civil war in Syria. The military struck Syria in response to the mortar fired. Yemen: A US drone strike killed three alleged al-Qaida fighters in Bayda province in the Soum area. Europe: Various: Frequent storms brought strong winds and heavy rains to the UK, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark and Germany. Widespread flooding and power outages swept the region. Asia: Pakistan: The leader of a militant group, a faction of the Pakistani Taliban, and nine other militants were killed by a drone strike. The militant leader was responsible for several high-profile bomb attacks inside Pakistan. Afghanistan: Two suicide bombers in armoured vehicles targeted a military base in the province of Kandahar destroying it. At least fifty-eight Afghan soldiers were killed and nine wounded, while ten miltants were also killed. The following day fifty-six people were killed in a gun and suicide bomb attack at a Shia Muslim mosque. Myanmar: A massive fire destroyed an famous luxury hotel in the city of Yangon, killing one, injuring two and forcing the evacuation of more than 140 guests. Hundreds of firefighters took several hours to put out the fire. Various: A slow moving monsoon strengthened in the Bay of Bengal impacting an area from eastern India, Bangladesh and western Myanmar with flooding downpours and strong winds. Africa: Togo: Clashes between protesters and security forces in the two largest cities, Lomé and Sokodé, left four dead. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of Pangai, Tonga (10-18; 12:00). Southeast: Langila volcano on the island of Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption. Northwest: Lan strengthened into a typhoon in the Philippine Sea between the Mariana Islands and the Philippines, as it headed for Japan. Typhoon Lan was expected to become a Category 3 typhoon with winds of 103 to 139 mph (165-224 kph). Atlantic: Northeast: An Atlantic storm, named Brian, formed and strengthened as it headed for parts of England, Wales and the Irish Republic. Brian's strong winds were expected to reach near hurricane-force and heavy rains would trigger widespread flooding with Ireland getting hit the worst. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection took place behind the eastern edge of the Sun, but missed the Earth.
22nd-23rd - Mid-Phase HIGH
Mideast: Egypt: Militants opened fire on a group of Egyptian security personnel during a raid on their hideout near the Bahariya oasis in the Western Desert, killing fifty-three of the security personnel. Fifteen of the miltants were also killed. Syria: Militants in the town of Qaryatain, in Homs province, killed dozens before it was retaken by the Syrian army. Over a three week period they had killed 116 people whom they claimed were "collaborating" against them. Europe: UK: Cleanup and power restoration still continued after Ophelia (see the lunar phase of the 15th-16th), as Storm Brian dealt the British Isles another blow with strong winds and heavy rain that damaged more property. Asia: Japan: Typhoon Lan made landfall at Shizuoka with gusts of up to 155 mph (250 kph) - reaching the equivalent of a Category 4 hurricane - destroying and damaging buildings and vehicles, triggering widespread flooding and mudslides, and killing at least six and injuring ten. Afghanistan: A Taliban suicide bomber targeted Marshal Fahim military academy, killing at least fifteen and wounding four cadets. A gunman entered a Shia Muslim mosque in Kabul opening fire and detonating an explosive, killing at least thirty-nine worshippers. Another attack on a Sunni Muslim mosque in Ghor province killed twenty. This brought the total at about two-hundred dead for the week from suicide bombers alone. Indonesia: 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck north of Palue (10-24; 10:47). Africa: Niger: Gunmen using pick-up trucks and motorcycles attacked a miltary base in the town of Ayorou, killing at least twelve paramilitary police. Military vehicles were also seized by the gunmen. The next day, three female suicide bombers targeted a big bus station and another at a nearby camp in the city of Maiduguri, killing fourteen civilians. Central African Republic: Clashes erupted in the town of Pombolo, in a region where tensions mounted between militias, leaving at least twenty-six dead and dozens wounded. North America: US: Severe storms triggered the formation of four tornadoes in southwestern and central Oklahoma damaging buildings, knocking out power and tossing vehicles. So much hail fell that some parts of Elk City looked like a scene from winter. In other parts of western Oklahoma, baseball-sized hail and hurricane-force winds damaged property and vehicles. In the southern Gulf states there were severe thunderstorms, torrential rains, tornadoes and flash flooding. The storms then moved into an area from Florida through to the Great Lakes. Tornadoes ripped up several towns in North and South Carolina destroying and damaging homes and buildings and tossing vehicles. In California, strong winds - the Santa Ana winds - high pressure and record high temperatures brought extreme fire danger and poor air quality, as towns were bracing for the threat of dangerous wildfires, again. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an eplosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: Aoba (Ambae) volcano in the islands of Vanuatu erupted. Solar Activity: A coronal hole facing Earth opened up and sent a coronal mass ejection into space that would trigger geomagnetic storms and auroras.
27th - First Quarter (22h 22m) MODERATE
Mideast: Iraq: A combined force of soldiers, police, tribesmen and paramilitary fighters undertook an assault on the last stronghold of ISIS miltants in al-Qaim and Rawa, in the Euphrates river valley. Asia: Indonesia: Explosions at a fireworks factory an industrial complex in Tangerang triggered a massive fire that left at least forty-six dead, forty-six wounded and ten missing. Japan: Just days earlier Typhoon Lan caused widespread flooding, travel disruptions and at least seven deaths (see previous lunar phase), and now the severe Tropical Storm Saola poses another threat of more flooding, strong winds and rough surf as it too heads for Japan. Africa: Mali: UN soldiers escorting a convoy in northern Mali drove over an explosive device killing three soldiers and wounding two others. Kenya: Police clashed with opposition supporters of a repeat presidential election in the four areas of Migori, Siaya, Kisumu and Homa Bay that left at least one dead. Opposition protesters in the town of Busia blocked roads and set fire to a market, while police used tear gas and live bullets to break up the protests. Many Kenyans fled into neighboring Uganda to get away from the fighting. North America: US: Two storms began to converge in the Northeast and would bring flooding, damaging winds, travel disruptions and power outages to the region. One of the storms was Tropical Cyclone 18 - already triggering flooding in the Caribbean and Central America - and could strengthen into Tropical Storm Philippe hitting Florida. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: a coronal mass ejection triggered intermittent G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras. A new stream of solar wind was expected to arrive in days.
October 30th-31st - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Israel: The military destroyed a tunnel running from Gaza into Israel, killing at least seven Palestinian militants and wounded several others. Yemen: A Saudi-led coalition airstrike bombed a hotel and a busy market in the Sahar district of Saada province, killing at least twenty-nine and wounding dozens. Europe: Germany, Poland and Czech Republic: Powerful storms battered parts of central and northern Europe with 112 mph (180 kph) winds, heavy flooding rains, knocking out power to thousands, and killing at least seven. Russia: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck north of Franz Josef Land (10-28; 19:11), an archipelago, used as a Russian military base located in the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea and Kara Sea. Asia: India and Sri Lanka: The Northeast Monsoon began as the heavy rains brought widespread flooding from Chennai to Karaikal, leaving at least twelve dead. The following day, a coal-fired power plant, near the town of Unchahar in Uttar Pradesh state, exploded killing at least sixteen and injuring more than one hundred. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck west of Hila, Ambon (10-31; 11:50). Afghanistan: An ISIS militant suicide attack in central Kabul killed at least eight and wounded thirteen; the death toll was expected to rise. Philippines, Vietnam and Cambodia: Tropical Depression 28W developed and brought flooding downpours to parts of the Philippines. The storm was expected to strengthen and approach Vietnam and Cambodia later in the week. Africa: South Africa: Protests against a rash of farm murders brought out thousands of farmers, who used pick-up trucks to block off major roads. Most of the protesters were white, focusing attention on racial divide in the country. The next day, a feud between rival taxi groups led to a shooting that also caused a head-on collision, leaving at least ten dead in the town of Ladysmith. Democratic Republic of Congo: Clashes erupted in Goma amid protests calling for the president to stand down; thirty-seven were arrested. Fifteen protesters were wounded, and five were killed, including a police officer. Libya: An airstrike in the city of Derna left at least fifteen women and children dead, and several children suffered severe burns and the loss of eye-sight. Cameroon: A girl suicide bomber, believed to be associated with Boko Haram militants, targeted the village of Zamga, killing five children and wounding two. Australia and New Zealand: Australia: Severe storms brought heavy rain, large hailstones and 200,000 lightning strikes that lasted hours to Queensland. A number of houses were damaged, and thousands were left without power. North America: US: A Nor'easter slammed into the Northeast with heavy rain, damaging hurricane-force winds and widespread flooding, as a million were left without power. Houses were damaged or destroyed, one house was even swept away to be destroyed when floodwaters carried it under a bridge, and vehicles were submerged or carried down flooded streets. Tropical Storm Philippe left behind a trail of destruction in Florida, and in Boynton Beach, a tornado blew out windows and ripped roofs off of homes. A man drove a pick-up truck down a crowded bike path near the Hudson River in Manhatten in New York City, killing at least eight and injuring twelve in what was called a "terror attack". The attacker was later shot and brought to a hsopital, and was charged with terrorism. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake (10-31; 00:42) was followed by a 6.1 magnitude (11-01; 00:09), 6.6 magnitude (11-01; 02:23), and 6.0 magnitude (11-01; 05:09) aftershocks, all were east of Tadine, New Caledonia. Solar Activity: Another coronal mass ejection was heading towards Earth.
See the previous lunar phase for November 1st
4th - Full Moon (5h 23m) MODERATE
Mideast: Saudi Arabia and Yemen: The military intercepted a Houthi-militant ballistic missile fired from Yemen targeting the King Khalid International Airport. The next day, the Saudi-led coalition closed off the land, sea and air ports in Yemen, as masked miltants set off a large car bomb outside a security headquarters in Aden, killing sixteen. Syria: Pro-government forces backed by Russian airstrikes advanced rapidly to recapture the town of Albu Kamal from ISIS miltants. Europe: Mediterranean Sea: Four operations were undertaken to rescue migrants whose boats sank, the worst of which was a rubber dinghy that sank off Libya, killing at least twenty-six. Asia: Vietnam: Typhoon Damrey slammed into the southern and central parts of the country, killing at least twenty-seven, twenty-two were missing, 40,000 homes were damaged or destroyed, tens of thousands were evacuated, vehicles were submerged, and heavy rains triggered mudslides and widespread flooding. India: Heavy monsoon rains engulfed the city of Chennai (Madras) inciting fears, triggering widespread flooding, closing schools, and turning roads into rivers. Two years ago a similar monsoon killed more than one hundred. Japan: Suwanose-jima volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity.
North America: US: A gunman opened fire at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, killing at least twenty-six and wounding ten. Severe thunderstorms, hail, damaging winds, isolated tornadoes, and flooding downpours swept through from the eastern Great Lakes to the Ohio Valley. The storms downed trees, and triggered flooding and damaging tornadoes across Indiana and Ohio. Pacific: South: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Hihifo, Tonga (11-04; 09:00). Solar Activity: A solar sector boundary crossing of the Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field swept Earth and triggering geomagnetic activity and auroras around Earth's poles.
7th-8th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
Mideast: Syria: The army and allied forces captured Albu Kamal, the last major town held by ISIS militants; there were no reports on the casualties. Asia: Thailand and Myanmar: A strong tropical low developed into Tropical Depression 29W that would impact southern Thailand and Myanmar. The storm had already brought deadly widespread flooding, mudslides and forced more than 5,000 to evacuate in parts of northern Malaysia. Japan: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck east of Hachijo-jima (11-09; 07:42). Africa: Nigeria: Four female suicide bombers targeted parts of the city of Maiduguri, wounding eight and killing themselves. This took place shortly after the military had a fierce gun battles with Boko Haram militants in the town of Gulak in neigboring Adamawa state, killing at least three. The number of militants killed or wounded was unknown as they carried their fellow miltants with them as they fled; however, the casualties were numerous. The following day, a vehicle was ambushed near Rim village in Riyom area in Plateau state, leaving at least eleven dead. Cameroon: An overnight raid on a security checkpoint in the city of Bamenda left at least two Cameroonian paramilitary police officers dead. North America: US: A powerful storm system hit the Northwest with heavy rain, strong winds and rough seas. Some burnt areas in Northern California were at risk for mudslides, while trees and powerlines were toppled, resulting in power outages and blocked roads. South America: Colombia: The La Paila river burst its banks and swept a mudslide through Corinto, killing at least four, and injuring twenty-nine, while eighteen were missing. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: Northeast: Tropical Storm Rina developed and strengthened as it headed for the United Kingdom with heavy rain and strong winds as it hit a cold front. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck west of Angoram, Papua New Guinea (11-07; 21:26). Solar Activity: A fast-moving solar wind enveloped Earth triggering G2-class geomagnetic storms and auroras. The coronal mass ejection was so strong that auroras seen across the Canadian border into the northern US states from Maine to Washington.
10th - Last Quarter (20h 36m) MODERATE
Mideast: Iraq: The military launched an offensive to recapture Rawa, the last town controlled by ISIS militants. When this falls it will mean the complete defeat of ISIS miltants in Iraq. Europe: France: A driver ploughed into a group of pedestrians near the city of Toulouse, injuring three. It appears that the driver, who was quickly arrested, was mentally challenged. Asia: India and Bangladesh: A tropical low was gradually becoming organized and move across the southern Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea threatening the two countries. Vietnam: Typhoon Damrey, the strongest cyclone in sixteen years, killed 106 and injuried 197. The typhoon triggered widespread flooding, landslides, destroyed over 2,000 houses, damaged nearly 120,000 others, sank 1,231 cargo and fishing ships and boats, and killed over 43,300 cattle. The country was still recovering from deadly Typhoon Damrey as Tropical Storm Haikui strengthened and headed for the country. However, the storm was expected to weaken before hitting Vietnam. Africa: Senegal: The city of Saint-Louis - a UNESCO World Heritage Site - was under threat as coastal erosion and the absence of dykes continually floods the city. North America: US: An Arctic blast brought frigid cold temperatures and snow throughout the upper Midwest and Northeast, causing numerous vehicle accidents, wind damage and power outages. Mexico: Popocatépetl volcano erupted three times in just 24 hours, shooting ash high into the air. Atlantic: South: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck the Ascension Island region (11-11; 00:36). Caribbean: A storm with torrential downpours, strong winds, and widespread flooding extended from north of Hispaniola to the northern tip of South America. It hit Puerto Rico causing power outages. In the following days it would bring similiar conditions to Haiti, the Dominican Republic, British Virgin Islands, Jamaica, Belize, Honduras and Nicaragua. Solar Activity: The solar wind sparked bright auroras around the Arctic Circle and geomagnetic storms. Meanwhile, a new solar wind stream was headed for Earth.
13th-14th - Mid-Phase LOW
Mideast: Iran-Iraq: A 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Halabjah, Iraq (11-12; 18:18); in the mountainous border between Iran and Iraq. The quake was called the deadist of 2017 with at least 530 killed and more than 8,000 injuried, and was felt in Turkey, Israel and Kuwait. Rescue teams continued to search for survivors trapped in the rubble of collapsed buildings. About 70,000 needed shelter after the quake, as most homes were destroyed or badly damaged. Also badly damaged was the Darbandikhan dam, authorities were told that it might collapse. Syria: Three seperate airstrikes carried out by either Syrian government or Russian warplanes hit Atareb market, killing at least sixty-one, wounding dozens and destroying the more than one hundred shops at the market. Rescue teams and indiviuals searched the rubble for survivors. Europe: Greece: Heavy overnight rain triggered severe flooding, killing at least nineteen, destroying or damaging buildings, and turning roads into rivers between Athens and Corinth. Asia: India: A tropical low off the coast of Tamil Nadu brought downpours that triggered widespread flooding to parts of the east, including Chennai, Nellore, Ongole and Kakinada. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: A train carrying flammable material crashed into a ravine in Buyofwe in the province of Lualaba, catching on fire and killing thirty-three. Cameroon: Four makeshift bombs exploded in Bamenda, in the Anglophone region, causing some damage but no casualties. The following day, security forces raided homes in the Anglophone southwest region, searching for terrorists, but instead they took farm tools and household utensils. Dozens of residents were arrested, several people were wounded, and women and children fled into the bushes. Zimbabwe: Soldiers forcibly took over the headquarters of the country's national broadcaster, ZBC, after the ruling party accused the country's army chief of "treasonable conduct". South Africa: A powerful storm swept across the country bringing heavy rain and thunderstorms that triggered widespread flooding, damaging winds, and mountain snow. North America: US: A hurricane-force wind storm swept Washington state, knocking down trees and powerlines, damaging vehicles and homes, killing one and injuring five. Central America: Costa Rica: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Jaco (11-13; 02:28). The following days tropical downpours hampered ongoing recovery efforts. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A co-rotating interaction region of the Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field swept Earth triggering auroras and geomagnetic storms.
18th - New Moon (11h 42m) LOW
Mideast: Iraq: Allied forces recaptured the final ISIS-controlled town of Rawa, putting them near complete defeat in Iraq. Europe: Greece: A slow-moving storm in the Mediterranean Sea brought strong winds and heavy rains that triggered widespread flooding and mudslides. Greece had already been hit by a storm that left at least nineteen dead and widespread damages (see the previous lunar phase). Asia: Sri Lanka: It began when a traffic accident triggered an outbreak of violence between Buddhists and Muslims in Galle province. Nineteen people were arrested, sixty homes and businesses were destroyed, ten vehicles were destroyed and several other properties were damaged. Riot police and army troops were deployed to keep the peace. China: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck north of Motuo (11-17; 22:34). A two-story apartment buildings caught on fire at Xinjian Village in the district of Daxing, Beijing, killing at least nineteen and injuring eight. Vietnam: Tropical Depression 31W strengthened into Tropical Storm Kirogi which headed for Vietnam making landfall between Nha Trang and Phan Thiet. It brought heavy rain that triggered widespread flooding and mudslides to areas that were already been ravaged by Typhoon Damrey (see November 10th). Africa: Kenya: The police broke up crowds of opposition supporters who clashed in the streets of Nairobi, set tires and a bus on fire, and left five dead. Cameroon: The main parliament building in Yaoundé was badly damaged by a fire, which was under investigation. It was suspected that it was intentionly set since there has been a number of violent attacks there recently. No casualties were reported. North America: US: A total of 210,000 gallons of oil leaked from the Keystone pipeline in South Dakota about three miles southeast of the town of Amherst. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection sent a stream of solar wind towards Earth where it would trigger auroras and geomagnetic storms.
21st-22nd - Mid-Phase LOW
26th - First Quarter (17h 03m) LOW
29th-30th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
3rd - Full Moon (15h 47m) MODERATE
6th-7th - Mid-Phase MODERATE
10th - First Quarter (7h 51m) HIGH
13th-14th - Mid-Phase HIGH
18th - New Moon (6h 30m) MAXIMUM
21st Solstice and Mid-Phase 21st-22nd MAXIMUM
26th - First Quarter (9h 20m) MAXIMUM
29th-30th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM
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Richard Michael Pasichnyk
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