Overview: This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click here. This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click here. Note: All times shown are 24-hour Universal Time and actual local times will usually differ, and local dates may also differ. For earthquakes they are shown as (date; hour:minute); example (01-01; 08:03), which is January 1 at 8:03. Only earthquakes of magnitude 6.0 or greater will be listed, with the exception of lesser magnitudes that cause damage.




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January


2nd-3rd - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Al-Qaida-linked militants undertook an offensive against Turkey-backed rebels by trying to cut off Turkey-backed fighters in Afrin from those in the province of Idlib. The previous two days of fighting in the provinces of Aleppo and Idlib left thirty-one dead, including five civilians. The al-Qaida-linked fighters gained full control of the strategic town of Daret Azzeh and also captured the villages of Kafrantin, Fadra, Houta and Mkalbis. Europe: Denmark: Material detached from a cargo train during a heavy storm, which then hit a passenger express train on the Great Belt Bridge, killing eight and injuring thirteen. Netherlands and Belgium: The debris of a ship washed up on five islands off the Dutch north coast consisting of about 270 containers, some containing chemicals. The containers were set loose in stormy weather. Russia: The front half of a ten-story apartment building collapsed in the city of Magnitogorsk, killing thirty-three, as rescue workers continued to search for more than twenty still missing in the rubble. It appeared that a gas explosion was responsible for the collapse. Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Indonesia: Krakatau volcano, on the Sunda Strait, underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: Sakurajima volcano, on the island of Kyushu, underwent an explosive eruption. A 5.0 magnitude earthquake struck an area that included Fukuoka, Nagasaki and Kumamoto areas of the main island of Kyushu. There were no immediate reports of damage and a tsunami watch was lifted within an hour. Vietnam and Thailand: Tropical Storm Pabuk, after inundating the Philippines with deadly flooding, strengthened into a tropical cyclone headed for Vietnam and Thailand. Pabuk brought heavy rain, rough seas, damaging winds and coastal flooding. Thai authorities suspended ferry services and evacuated thousands of locals and tourists ahead of the storm. The tropical cyclone was also expected to hit other countries in the region later in the week. India: Hindu men vandalized shops, shut businesses, burned tires and concrete blocks on roads in important towns and clashed with police in protest of the entry of two women into one of largest Hindu pilgrimage sites in the country. Police used water cannons and tear gas to disperse the protesters. Africa: Burkina Faso: Armed men on motorbikes targeted the village of Yirgou, made up largely of people of Mossi ethnicity, and killed six. The next day, Yirgou residents killed seven Fulani herders in retaliation. Somalia: Al-Shabab militants fired seven mortars into the UN compound in Mogadishu, destroying it and wounding the staff. Mali: Gunmen attacked the mainly Fulani village of Koulhogon, killing thirty-seven civilians, including women and children, and burned down houses. The attack was blamed on the ethnic Dogon militia. Niger: The army killed more than 280 Boko Haram militants during land and air strikes near the border with Nigeria. They also captured rocket launchers, assault weapons and ammunition during an offensive on islands in Lake Chad and along the Komadougou Yobe river. North America: US and Mexico: About 150 migrant asylum-seekers gathered at a section of border wall in Tijuana to try to cross into the US. Several migrants tried to climb the metal wall, border agents then fired tear gas, then migrants approached the wall again, and the agents fired a second and then a third round of tear gas. US: Freezing air at night posed a risk to tender crops and unprotected pipes throughout Southern California and in much of the Southwest. The same storm system that brought snow, freezing rain and travel disruptions across parts of Oklahoma and Texas went on to bring heavy rain, flooding and thunderstorms from the Deep South to the mid-Atlantic states. The westbound lanes of Interstate 40 were completely shut down when several vehicles were involved in accidents or slid off the road. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption that sent ash clouds 17,000 feet (5,182 m) into the air. Pacific:: Northwest: A huge cargo ship carrying thousands of brand new Nissan cars caught fire in the middle of the Pacific. Sixteen crew members were rescued, while another five were presumed dead. South: Cyclone Mona brought rounds of downpours, flooding, mudslides and increasingly strong winds to Fiji and Tonga. Solar Activity: A high-speed solar wind flowed from a large coronal hole on the Sun and hit Earth's magnetic field, triggering minor geomagnetic storms and Arctic auroras.

6th - New Moon (1h 28m) HIGH


Europe: Germany, Austria, Italy and Switzerland: The risk for avalanches in the northern Alps remained high after a massive snowfall left at least ten people dead. A great deal of the countires were closed by authorities who forced the evacuation of dangerous areas. UK: Five Romanian men were attacked in a hate crime in Newtownabbey were a gang forced their way into a house where they beat the occupants with basebaall bats. Asia: Indonesia: Krakatau volcano, on the Sunda Strait, underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck west of Tobelo (01-06; 17:27). Australia: Queensland: Unusually strong winds pushed vast numbers of bluebottle sea creatures (aka, Indo-Pacific Portuguese man of war) towards beaches. About 13,000 stings were recorded. Africa: Gabon: The government prevented an attempted military coup, after two the plotters were killed and other army officers were arrested. A curfew was imposed over the capital, Libreville, and was being patrolled by military tanks and armed vehicles. Mozambique: Attackers opened fire on a pick-up truck in Nangade which forced it to stop and then they beheaded the driver and killed the six passengers with machetes (late on the 6th). North America: Mexico: Gunmen opened fire in a crowded bar in the city of Playa del Carmen, killing seven men. Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruptionn with strombolian activity. US: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck south of Tanaga Volcano, Alaska (01-05; 18:47). Parts of the Pacific Coast Highway were forced to close, as heavy rain triggered mudslides that swept downhill on to the road, near Malibu, California. Nevada was swallowed by heavy snow that stalled road travel. Heavy winds hammered Washington state, bringing down power lines and toppling trees. South America: Brazil: About 300 troops were sent to the city of Fortaleza and across the state of Ceará, where attacks on shops, banks and buses have escalated. So far about fifty suspects allegedly linked with the violence were arrested. A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck west of Tarauaca (01-05; 19:25). Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano, on Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: A high-speed stream of solar wind buffeted the Earth's magnetic field, sparking huge auroras around the Arctic Circle.

9th-10th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Yemen: A new type of Houthi attack drone targeted a Yemeni military base. In a separate incident, a bomb-laden drone launched by Yemen's Shiite rebels exploded over a military parade for the Saudi-led coalition, killing at least six and wounding at least twenty. Lebanon and Syria: A storm that battered Lebanon displaced thousands of Syrian refugees in Lebanon's Bekaa valley after their tents were flooded with water or were destroyed by snow. Food, beds and other furniture were also destroyed. Europe: Russia: Ebeko volcano, on the Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Nishinoomote (01-08; 12:39). Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: Dozens of police with automatic rifles and tear gas launchers positioned themselves along a road in the capital leading to Limete, a stronghold of the opposition candidate in the presidental election. Protests over opposition candidate's victory in the presidential election, left two police officers and two civilians dead, and ten wounded. Sudan: Clashes erupted, in the city of Omdurman, between police and demonstrators calling on longtime president to step down, leaving three protesters dead and eight wounded. North America: Mexico: About two dozen small fishing boats in Mexico's Gulf of California attacted the Sea Shepherd environmental group ship, the vessel Farley Mowat. The environmentalists were trying to protect the Vaquita marina, the world's smallest and most endangered porpoise. The fihermen threw lead weights and tried to douse the Farley Mowat and waters around it with gasoline, and were seen with illegal equipment that threatened the Vaquita. The envronmentslists used the ship's fire hose to repel the attackers. Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Strong winds produced high surf that pummeled the Southern California coastline for two days. The high-surf was the result of large swells created by storms spreading from the northern Pacific that caused dangerous conditions along the beaches of Los Angeles, and Orange and Ventura counties. Meanwhie, another storm was headed south bringing soaking rain, damaging winds, flooding and mudslides to much of the California coast. The storm would then move into the Midwest where it dumped up to 20 inches of snow, knocked power to more tha 120,000 and killed at least ten. Pacific: North: The National Weather Service warned of hurricane-force winds of 92 mph (148 kph), with waves of 50 feet (15 meters) or higher, making it very hazardous conditions for ships. The storm headed toward Alaska's Aleutian Islands. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind flowed from a southern coronal hole on the Sun and was headed for Earth.

14th - First Quarter (6h 46m) HIGH


Mideast: Iran: A Boeing 707 cargo plane crashed just west of Tehran amid severe weather conditions of heavy rain and low visibilty, killing fifteen. Europe: Russia: Chechnya launched a new crackdown on gays that left at least two dead and about forty people were arrested. Spain: Authorities rescued 493 migrants from eight rickety boats in the Mediterranean Sea, but blocked a humanitarian rescue ship from leaving the port in Barcelona, as it violated maritime regulations. Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Greece: Riot police used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse about 2,000 state school teachers protesting violently in Athens. Days earlier, the public order minister accused officers of indiscriminately attacking teachers in similar situations. Austria: An avalanche was triggered near the ski resort of Lech am Arlberg, killing three skiers from Germany. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden vehicle in the capital Kabul, near the Green Village compound, targeting an area where various organizations reside. The explosion damaged dozens of civilian homes. Four people were killed and ninety were wounded. Africa: Zimbabwe: After the government more than doubled the price of fuel overnight, thousands of proteszters took to the streets in the cities of Harare and Bulawayo. Burning tires were used to barricade roads and block bus routes, and a number of vehicles were torched. Many shops and supermarkets remained closed after mass looting. An unknown number of protesers were killed and wounded, and hundres were arrested. Chad: Violent fighting erupted between Chadian rebels and Sudanese rebels in Kouri Bougoudi. Fatalities were not yet reported. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: A powereful winter storm wreaked havoc across the Central and Mid-Atlantic states, leaving at least nine dead, massive power outages, canceled flights and hundreds of car accidents. Numerous cars were buried and roofs of houses collapsed under the weigh of the snow. A continous train of storms rolled in from the Pacific Ocean into California with heavy rain, mountain snow, gusty winds, flooding and mudslides. Burn scar areas would be most susceptible to devastating debris flows. The storms would then head further inland into the Midwest states. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: A police truck carrying men in police uniforms pulled into an impoverished neighborhood in the capital, Port-au-Prince. Then the men opened fire and were joined by local gang members. They also went house to house with guns and machetes, pulling unarmed people into alleys and killing them with single shots or machete blows, killing at least twenty-one. Solar Activity: Though the Sun was quiet there were numrous pink auroras around the Arctic Circle.

17th-18th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: ISIS militants detonated an explosive vest next to a US patrol in the Kurdish-held town of Manbij, killing nineteen. Meanwhile, extremely cold weather there was leaving many dead, especially babies. In a separte incident, an airstrike hit the ISIS-held village of Baghouz as militants and civilians were trying to flee the last area controlled by miltants, killing at least twenty. Palestine and Israel: Thousands of Palestinians again protested along the fence between Gaza and Israel. Israeli gunfire wounded fourteen Palestinians, while their ambulance was targeted with tear gas. Europe: Germany and Austria: Areas in southern Germany and Austria battled heavy snows in the past weeks in a phenomenon so extreme, it was dubbed “snow chaos”. Bavarian residents were asked to leave their homes to avoid more disasters, as the risk of avalanches was growing by the day. Residents in the village of Raiten in the region of Traunstein near the Austrian border were forced to evacuate their homes. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with lava flows. Asia: Japan: Kuchinoerabu-jima volcano underwent an explosive eruption with phreatic explosions. India: Navy divers found the body of a worker who was trapped with fourteen others inside a flooded coal mine in the state of Meghalaya. It was an illegal mine dug more than a month ago and they were trapped when floodwater from a overflowing nearby river flooded the mine. Africa: Sudan: Thousands of protesters against their present-day long-time ruler swept the country. Two people were killed in clashes between police and protesters. The protests first erupted on December 19th. In a related incident, police in the capital, Khartoum, fired live ammunition at hundreds of people mourning the death of a man killed by the security forces during the anti-government protests. Zimbabwe: Hundreds of people were assaulted and tortured, and at least twelve were killed during several days of violent protests triggered by a sharp rise in the price of gas. Moreover, another seventy-eight were treated for gunshot wounds, while more than a hundred were treated for assault, torture and dog bites at the hands of the country's security forces. Somalia: Al-Shabab militants abducted at least sixty school children from El Garas village, in Bakool Region. The childred were likely to be trained as soldiers. Australia: An extreme heatwave swept the nation for days, triggering bushfires and a rise in heat-related hospital admissions. Temperatures soared to 108 degrees F (42 C) amid a widespread and long drought. North America: US: After hammering California with rain and snow, a "blockbuster" winter storm headed for the East, where as much as 40 inches of snow would fall in some places. An Arctic blast of air triggered freezing rain, heavy snow and heavy rain through the central and eastern states. The heaviest snow hit South Dakota, Nebraska, Minnesota, Kansas, Missouri and Iowa. Then, the storm roared into the Northeast and New England the next two days, where the heaviest snow would fall. As the storm with snow and ice strengthened, gusty winds and plummeting temperatures led to blizzard conditions in some areas of the Midwest. While a winter storm churns to the north, Texas and the Mississippi Valley received a severe weather with damaging winds, hail, flooding downpours and tornadoes. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with spewing lava and volcanic ash. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Colombia: A car bomb exploded at a heavily guarded police academy in southern Bogota, killing ten and wounding dozens. The attack was an episode of the country's drug-fueled guerrilla conflict. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Northwest: Two Russian fighter jets collided while undertaking a training mission over the Sea of Japan, leaving two dead and one missing. Southwest: A 6.2 magntidute earthquake struck southwest of Lorengau, Papua New Guinea (01-17: 15:06). South: A 6.0 magntidute earthquake struck west of Isangel, Vanuatu (01-18: 13:18). East: A 6.0 magntidute earthquake struck the Northern East Pacific Rise (01-18; 16:40). Solar Activity: A coroal hole opened up on the Sun;s equator and was sending solar plasma towards Earth. Meanwhile, the Earth's magnetic field has been changing, "racing" away from its first location in Canada and heading towards Siberia.

21st - Full Moon (5h 16m MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: An ISIS suicide bomber targeted a convoy of US and allied Kurdish forces at a checkpoint near the town of Shaddadeh in the Hassakeh province, killing five and wounding an undisclosed number. The bombing came days after a suicide attack killed nineteen (see previous lunar phase). In a separate incident, Israeli jets targeted Iranian positions around Damascus. Most of the Israeli missiles were shot down, but at least eleven pro-government fighters were killed. Yemen: Five experts in removing mines were transporting mines and explosives to be destroyed when they exploded, killing all five. Europe: Russia: Two Tanzanian-flagged commercial ships caught fire in the Black Sea, killing at least fourteen sailors; five were also missing. The fire erupted when fuel was being pumped from one tanker to the other in rough seas. Asia: Afghanistan: The Taliban targeted a military base and police training center in Maidan Wardak province just outside the capital, killing at least twenty and wounding more than thirty. The four attackers were killed in an ensuing gun battle. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Bogorawatu (01-21; 23:59). Africa: Mali: Al-Qaeda militants targeted a UN camp in Aguelhok, in the Kidal region, for an attack, killing ten UN peacekeepers from Chad and wounding twenty-five. Kenya: Security forces repelled an al-Shabab militant attack northeast of the capital, Nairobi, killing at least four militants. The militants had targeted two Chinese construction companies in the town of Garissa. Zimbabwe: Opposition members were victims of a brutal crackdown in response to violent protests against a sharp rise in the price of fuel. Security forces even attacked families in their homes with claims that twelve people have been killed. North America: Mexico: A section of a gushing pipeline that was a gathering site for thieves exploded, killing at least ninety-nine and injuring fifty-eight in the town of Tlahuelilpan (on the 20th). US: Severe thunderstorms hit the deep south across Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida, and Alabama, triggering an outbreak of several tornadoes. A storm was developing that would bring snow, ice and rain to the the Midwest as the atmosphere shifted from frigid conditions to mild and back to cold again. After a blast of Arctic air, a slow-moving storm drenched the Southeast, triggering flooding and localized severe thunderstorms. South America: Venezuela: The country's National Guard was accused of launching an uprising against the government that failed. Twenty-seven members of the National Guard were arrested and protesters were held back with tear gas. Meanwhile, a nationwide protest was scheduled to drive the president from office as it appeared that he was taking the country on a path to dictatorship. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile: A 6.7 magnitude earthquakke struck south of Coquimbo (01-20; 01:32). Solar Activity: A coronal hole on the Sun was facing Earth and spewing a stream of solar wind that triggered G-1 class geomagnetic storms and Arctic auroras.

24th-25th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Yemen: Heavy fighting broke out between government-allied troops and rebels in and around the city of Hodeida. In a separate incident, a passenger vehicle triggered a mine explosion, killing a child and wounding five adults. A second mine exploded when Yemeni soldiers rushed to help the wounded, killing five more soldiers. Syria: ISIS miltants were unable to break a siege imposed by US-backed fighters, leading to fierce fighting. The fighting left thirty-four militants and sixteen Syrian Democratic Forces dead. Twenty-one ISIS miltant gunmen were taken prisoners. Earlier, a bomb exploded in the capital of Damascus causing property damage. Israel and Palestine: Once again Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man in Gaza as thousands protested along the border. In the West Bank, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian teen and wounded another as a group of men threw stones at the troops. Europe: Greece: Riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades to disperse a group outside parliament during an Athens protest of the government's moves to normalize relations with neighboring Macedonia. Thousands gathered in several cities. Mediterranean region: A "Medicane" (i.e., a Mediterrean hurricne), which is a more tropical-like cyclone moved through the Mediterranean Sea affecting numerous countries. The large and powerful storm impacted millions of people. Snow would fall from the Dinaric Alps into the interior Balkan Peninsula before expanding northward into eastern Poland, Belarus and western Ukraine. The heaviest snowfall hit the higher elevations of Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo. Some areas experienced heavy rain, tornadoes, mudslides and flooding. Austria: Hundreds marched in downtown Vienna in a protest against the far right. Rusxia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Afghanistan: An airstrike was launched on the Sangin district during heavy fighting between Afghan forces and the Taliban, killing sixteen civilians. Indonesia: A 6.4 and 6.0 magnitude earthquakes struck southwest of Bogorawatu (01-21; 23:59 and 01-22; 05:10). Africa: Sudan: Thousands again took to the streets of Khartoum seeking the resignation of the country's longtime ruler. It was referred to as the "biggest protest in memory." At least three protesters were killed and seven were injured. Somalia: The US military carried out two new airstrikes against al-Shabab militants near Jilib in the Middle Juba region, but would no longer give details on deaths or damage done. It was the same region that the deadliest airstrike in months took place, leaving fifty-rwo al-Qaida-linked extremists dead (on the 19th). Ghana: The Ghanaian government shut down the operations of a Chinese mining firm, Shaanxi, after at least sixteen miners were killed in an explosion at a mine in the Talensi District. Mali: A convoy was struck by an explosive device, killing two and wounding seven UN preacekeepers in the Mopti region. Australia: The nation was struggling to cope with the continuing record breaking heat wave, finding ninety wild horses dead in the Outback. A number of other wild animals were also dying of thirst in the Outback as reliable water sources dried up during the blistering heat. Algeria: A winter storm swept the country bringing heavy snowfall to several areas of the country and grounding numerous flights. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Canada: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck the Prince Edward Islands region (-01-22; 19:01). US: A Polar Vortex plummeted the midwestern and northeastern states with extreme cold. Temperatures were between 10 to 40 degrees lower thsn normal along with snow and ice that would last into the following week. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Brazil: A dam used to hold mining waste collapsed, flooding a nearby community in the city of Brumadinho with the reddish-brown sludge, killing at least 110 and leaving about 300 missing. There were concerns that the waste might trigger widespread contamination, as well. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano on Papua New Guinea underwent a highly explosive eruption with ash plumes raching 55,0000feet (17 km). Solar Activity: A new sunspot group AR2733, consisting of more than a dozen dark cores, emerged and turned toward Earth after quadrupling in size. The next day, a G1-class geomagnetic storm was triggered and pink auroras spread over Tromsø, Norway.

27th - Last Quarter (21h 10m) MODERATE


Mideast: Egypt: The Egyptian air force undertook airstrikes that killed several militants, including two local ISIS commanders, in the Sinai Peninsula. Iraq: An angry crowd stormed a Turkish military camp in Iraq's Kurdish region, leaving at least one dead and ten injured. Vehicles and buildings were set on fire in protest against Turkish airstrikes in the area, which have killed several people. The fires caused several explosions, while Turkish soldiers shot at the protesters. Europe: Netherlands: A gas explosion blew the facade off part of a three-story apartment building, injuring seven and damaging nearby vehicles and buildings. Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Philippines: Two bombs exploded minutes apart in a Roman Catholic cathedral on Jolo island, killing at least twenty-seven and wounding seventy-seven others. No group climed responsibility, though there were miltants active in the regoin. North America: US: The coldest weather in years affected millions of people and animals throughout the midwest and would continue for days. The low of 45 below zero F in International Falls, Minnesota, shattered the day’s record of 36 below zero F from 1966. Yet, the worst was to come as the polar vortex gets displaced from the Arctic Circle and dives into the Midwest. Central America: Honduras: Thousands took the streets in the capital, Tegucigalpa, and across the country, demanding the resignation of the current president. Protesters clashed with riot police and blocked roads with burning tires and barricades. The demonstrators were beaten and gased. South America: Peru: A hotel wall collapsed after a landslide crashed into a hotel during a wedding celebration in the Andean city of Abancay, killing at least fifteen and injuring at least thirty. Five days of rain had triggered the landslide. Venezuela: The country's political crisis deepened with the opposition leader declaring himself interim president after large protests, galvanising opponents of the current socialist president. Thousands continued to leave the country, most of which fled to neighboring Colombia. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck south of Ndoi Island, Fiji (01-26; 19:56). A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Chirovanga, Solomon Islands (01-26; 03:51). Atlantic: West Central: An extremely rare tornado struck Havana, Cuba, killing three and injuring at least 172. Houses were destroyed, vehciles were overturned, trees were uprooted and powerlines were knocked down. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2733 exploded, producing the strongest solar flare in nearly a year. In addition, a coronal hole opened up on the Sun and turned toward Earth, spewing a stream of solar wind in Earth's direction making G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras possible in the next few days.

30th-31st - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Europe: UK: The country braced for the coldest night of the winter so far. Temperatures dipped well below freezing, and were followed by snow and ice that caused travel delays, grounded flights and closed hundreds of schools. About 100 vehicles were stranded on highways, some for for hours, as the snow clogged roadways. Asia: Thailand: Toxic smog in Bangkok forced more than 400 schools to close for the rest of the week. It was some of the worst-ever air pollution levels, caused by ultra-fine dust particles. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Africa: Djibouti: About 130 migrants went missing off the coast when two boats capsized in rough seas. Fifty-two bodies were later found and sixteen others were rescued with the remainder still missing and believed to be dead. Somalia: A US airstrike targeted an al-Shabab miltant camp near Shebeeley in the central Hiran region, killing twenty-four of the miltants. Ghana: Masked security officers opened fire near crowds of opposition party activists, wounding at least seven. North America: US: Parts of the Midwest were colder than Antarctica during the deep freeze triggered by the Polar Vortex of frigid Arctic air. The situation brought widespread closures of schools and businesses, and multi-vehicles pile-ups were common on highways. There was also the cancelation of more than 1,600 flights just from Chicago's airports alone. Temperstures dropped to 25 to 60 degrees below zero. Railroad tracks needed to be set on fire to keep the trains moving. So far, at least eight people were killed by weather-related events. As much as two feet of snow then spread from the Great Lakes region into New England. States of emergency were declared in Wisconsin, Michigan and Illinois, and even in the Deep South states of Alabama and Mississippi. In the Great Lakes region intense lake-effect snow buried communities under feet of snow. A major storm was set to hit California, heightening the risk of flooding, mudslides and dangerous travel in the mountains. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. A 6.6 magnetude earthquake struck east of Puerto Madero (02-01; 16:14). Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Venezuela: Protesters took to the streets of the capital again to demand that the current president step down, and to support the opposition leader and interim president. Since the demonstrations began weeks ago forty protesters were killed and 850 arrested. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A huge coronal hole shifted to face the Earth, releasing huge streams of solar wind. A G1-class geomagnetic storm and green auroras were triggered, and according to NOAA forecasters it would intensify into a G2-class geomagnetic storm.





February


4th - New Moon (21h 04m) MODERATE


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Two Palestinians threw an explosive device at Israeli troops who then returned fire, killing the suspected Palestinian attacker and wounding another at a West Bank checkpoint. Europe: Italy: The National Fire Service airlifted three people after the River Reno flooded in Castel Maggiore. An avalanche was triggered near the resort of Courmayeur, kiling four. Another four were killed by avalanches a day earlier. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Karangetang volcano, on Siau Island, Sangihe Islands, underwent an explosive eruption with pyroclastic flows. A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck south of Muara Siberut (02-02; 09:27). Africa: Somalia: A car bomb exploded at a shopping mall in Mogadishu’s Hamarweyne district, killing eleven and wounding ten. It was beleived that al-Shabaab militants planted the bomb. Australia: Days of severe rainfall and 'unprecedented' flooding in north Queensland, forced authorities to issue a warning for citizens to be on the look out for crocodiles and snakes in the streets. The coastal city of Townsville was the most affected by the flooding, getting 3.2 feet (975 mm) of rainfall and leaviing at least two dead. Thousands were forced to evacuate and 17,000 were without power. Chad: France's air force joined with Chad forces to undertake airstrikes against an armed group that crossed the border from Libya. A fighter jet targeted a group of forty vehicles with two airstrikes. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, sending an ash plume 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air. US: California began recovering from a massive storm that brought heavy rain, snow, damaging winds and mudslides, and also took one life. Seattle motorists encountered a dangerous morning commute with heavy snow falling on the city. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: A boat smuggling Haitian migrants sank, killing at least twenty-eight (on the 3rd). Anther seventeen were rescued. Solar Activity: Earth was exiting a stream of solar wind that triggered a G1-class geomagnetic storm and purple auroras. Another stream of solar wind was expected later in the week.

7th-8th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Once again, thousands held demonstrations along the fence separating Gaza and Israel, where Israeli troops shot and killed two Palestinian teenagers, and wounded seventeen other protesters. Europe: Turkey: An eight-story building collapsed in Istanbul, killing at least fifteen. Another six were rescued from the rubble. UK: Storm Erik lashed the British Isles and Ireland with heavy rains and strong winds, knocking out powerlines and downing trees. Stronger winds swept the region the next day with hurricane-force gusts in some areas. At least one person was killed. Asia: India-Administered Kashmir: Heavy snow triggered avalanches and landslides killing eleven and trapping another eleven in the Himalayan region of Kashmir. The storm also disrupted air and road traffic between Srinagar and Jammu. Africa: South Africa: A gas explosion in an abandoned coal mine in Middelburg killed at least six and trapped another twenty. The incident occurred when people entered the mine to steal copper wires. Toxic fumes hampered the rescue and endangered those trapped. Chad: French warplanes, backed by the Chadian government, carried out new attacks on a heavily armed convoy from Libya who could be attempting to topple the government. The airstrikes took out twenty of fifty trucks. The Union of Forces of Resistance - a Chadian rebel group - said it was behind the incursion. Somalia: Two US airstrikez targeted al-Shabab-militant locations in the same region, killing at least fifteen of the miltants. North America: US: A massive storm battered the central and northeastern states, bringing a devastating mix of wild weather that included blizzard conditions, numerous tornadoes, ice, thunderstorms and flash floods, leaving at least five dead. It forced the closure of interstate highways, schools, universities and businesses, and left hundreds of thosands without power in sub-zero weather. According to the National Weather Service more than 20 million were threatened by devastating winter weather, and another 25 million were bracing for flooding. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. US and Canada: A major oil spill - the source of the oil leak near St. Louis - was caused by the controversial Keystone pipeline, according to TransCanada, the builder of the pipeline. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Venezuela: The first trucks with US humanitarian aid arrived in the Colombian border city of Cúcuta. The vehicles were stopped near the Tienditas bridge, which remains blocked by Venezuelan troops. The president, who is supported by the army, rejected letting the aid into the country in spite of the widespread need of basic goods. The action was widely condemned as a humanitarian crisis. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes rising 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwnt an explosive eruption with lava flows. Brazil: A fire erupted in the sleeping quarters of an academy of one of the country's biggest soccer clubs in Rio de Janeiro, killing ten and injuring three. Also in Rio, at least thirteen suspected drug traffickers were killed in a shootout with police in the Santa Teresa neighborhood. Solar Activity: While the Sun was in solar minnimum, it still brought extra cosmic rays, long-lasting coronal holes on the Sun, and pink auroras.

12th - First Quarter (22h 26m) LOW


Mideast: Syria: American-allied Syrian forces battled ISIS miltants in their last stronghold in the east. US forces targeted a mosque that was used as an ISIS militant control center. Civilian and miltant casualties were numerous but exact the exact figures were not reported. Asia: India: A Delhi hotel fire broke out killing at least seventeen, while thirty-five were rescued. The cause of the fire and why there was no fire equipment was unknown. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and ash plumes were sent 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Africa: Sudan: Hundreds of demonstrators again gatheed in different cities, protesting against the autocratic president. At least 57 people have been killed in the protests since they began in December. Nigeria: A stampede erupted at a stadium in the city of Port Harcourt when the crowd surged towards a gate after the president speech. The stampede left a number of people dead and others injuried when a partially locked gate caused people to fall and be trampled. In a separate incident, a fire broke out at an office of the country's electoral commission in Anambra state. Nearly 6,000 voters' cards were destroyed along with other election materials as the country prepared for elections. Liberia: Gunmen stole vital broadcast equipment from a radio station in the capital of Monrovia. The station was known for being critical of the government. Two weeks earlier, a similar attack on the station forced it off air for several days. Senegal: Clashes erupted in Tambacounda between supporters of rival politicians ahead of the current elections, leaving at least one dead and several injuried. Cameroon: Opposition sources said government soldiers were responsible for the burning down of a hospital in the town of Kumba, leaving at least three people burned alive. North America: US: A multifaceted winter storm brought heavy snow, gusty wind and ice from the Midwest to the Northeast, triggering power outages, and interrupting travel on the ground and in the air, affecting tens of millions. Schools, univerities and businesses were closed, as highways were blocked by massive pile-ups. The Northwest was also again slammed with snow with Seattle experiencing the snowiest month in 50 years. Here too schools, univerities and businesses were closed, as highways were blocked by massive pile-ups, and power outages were widespread. South America: Venezuela: Protesters took to the streets as humanitarian aid was still being blocked from entering the country from neighboring Colombia. Government supporters also took to the streets in Caracas, denouncing foreign intervention (US aid) in the country. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes rising 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: All seventy-eight inmates in the Aquin prison in southern Haiti escaped while police were distracted by anti-government protests nearby. Fires and barricades made by the protesters prevented police from reaching the jail. This followed six days of demonstrations against the president, that left at least four people dead. Solar Activity: Solar wind flowing from a south polar hole of the Sun might graze Earth's magnetic field in a few days.

15th-16th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Egypt: About two hundred militants attacked an army checkpoint in the northern Sinai peninsula, killing fifteen troops. The army killed seven of the extremists during the fight. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. France: For the fourteen time, several thousand "yellow vest" protesters took to the streets, in Bordeaux and numerous other cities, and were met with police who fired tear gas and brought in water cannons and a horse brigade. The larger demonstrations were marked by scattered rioting and destruction. Albania: Thousands of opposition supporters clashed with police at an anti-government rally protesting a corrupt and inefficient government. Protesters threw flares and other objects at police who used tear gas. Fifteen people were injuried, including seven policemen. Spain: About 200,000 protesters took to the streets, waving Catalan flags and shouting pro-separatist slogans in support of twelve leaders on trial. Asia: Indian-controlled Kashmir: A Pakistan-based terror group's suicide bomber used his explosives-laden vehicle to target a paramilitary convoy bus in the Pulwama district, killing at least forty-one. Africa: Nigeria: A wave of violence erupted just before the country's presidential election, leaving at least sixty-six dead in Nigeria's Kaduna state. The election was postponed for at least a week in an attempt to quell the violence. The next day, an attack took place in Borno state, targeting a mosque during morning prayers, killing four civilians. The attack was undertaken by Boko Haram miltants, three of which were killed when troops repelled the attack. Burkina Faso: A bomb hidden in a corpse, dressed in military uniform, exploded, killing two Burkinabe soldiers in the town of Djibo near the border with Mali. Zimbabwe: Heavy flooding caused a dam wall to collapse allowing water to rushed into nearby mining tunnels in the outskirts of Kadoma, trapping miners. Eight of the miners were rescued, but more than sixty remained trapped and were feared to be dead. North America: US: An employee in an industrial park in Aurora, Illinois, shot and killed five co-workers and injuried five officers, before being killed. A major storm fueled by an "atmospheric river" dumped heavy rains on parts of California, triggering massive mudslides that buried houses, triggered widespread flooding and forced water rescues. Flooding impacts stretched from areas north of San Francisco's Bay Area to San Diego county. Entire sections of highways were washed away, houses were destroyed and at least fifty homes were forced to evacuate. In the Midwest heavy snowfall triggered a massive pile up on Interstate 70 just east of Kansas City, forcing the closure of the highway. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity and sending ash plumes rising 21,000 feet (6,400 m) into the air. Gunmen burst into a bar in the city of Cancun and opened fire, killing five and wounding five. South America: Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes rising 18,000 feet (5,500 m) into the air. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: Haitians vowed to keep protesting until the president resigns. Many of the protests turned violent, clashing with police in Port-au-Prince and elsewhere. Protesters blocked roads across Haiti as food, water and gas became scarce and schools, businesses and government offices remained closed. North: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (02-14; 19:57). Pacific: West: A tropical storm began to develop over the waters southeast of Guam, threatening Guam and Northern Mariana Islands. South: Tropical Cyclone Oma strengthened into a Category 2 tropical cyclone. Squally rain bands began streaming across Vanuatu and would later sweep New Caledonia. Widespread flooding triggered mudslides, along with sporadic wind damage and power outages, and rough seas. Flooding was so great in North Queensland, Australia, that it caused sediment runoff to flood into the waters of the Great Barrier Reef. Solar Activity: Earth swept through a stream of solar wind that sparked bright auroras over the Arctic Circle. A coronal hole opened up on the Sun, bringing with it a chance of G1-class geomagnetic storms later in the week.

19th - Full Moon (15h 54m) MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: Hundreds of ISIS militants were hiding among civilians on a small hill on the banks of the Euphrates River. The Syrian Democratic Forces encircled them waiting to declare the territorial defeat of ISIS. The miltants were preventing civilians from leaving the area as a safety net, assuming the civilians' presence would stop the advance of the Syrian Democratic Forces. Israel and Palestine: Clashes broke out at a contested Jerusalem holy site, which is considered by Jews as the Temple Mount and by Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary. Dozens of Palestinians participated in a prayer protest, attempting to breach a section of the site, when clashes broke out with numerous Palesstinians being injuried. Israeli police arrested nineteen Palestinians. Europe: France: Thousands protested against anti-Semitism across the country in sixty cities sparked by a spate of anti-Semitic attacks. About fifty political parties, unions and associations endorsed the protests. Switzerland: An avalanche took place at a popular ski resort in the Swiss Alps, injuring four, one seriously. About 240 rescuers were continuing to search the scene as it was suspected that as many as twelve where caught up in the avalanche and may be buried. Italy: Mount Etna volcano uderwent a mildly explosive eruption with lava flows and ash plumes. It also triggered a 4.8 magnitude earthquake. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Afghanistan, India and Pakistan: One of the strongest storms of the winter unleashed torrential rainfall, heavy mountain snow and locally severe thunderstorms on millions. It would continue into mid-week. Africa: Egypt: A suicide bomber targeted an area near the Khan el-Khalili bazaar in the heart of Cairo, killing at least three policemen, and wounding another two and a woman shopping at the bazaar. In a separate incident, security forces killed sixteen militants in two raids in the city of el-Arish on the Sinai peninsula. They also seized weapons, ammunition and explosive belts. It seems that the miltants were planning a series of attacks against vital locations and important people in the area. North America: US: Back-to-back storms blasted an area from the Plains to the Upper Midwest with heavy snow. The first storm began over the High Plains of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska and eastern Colorado. The snow would continue into mid-week in the Upper Midwest. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano undeerwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Namatanai, Papua New Guinea (02-17; 14:35). South: Tropical Cyclone Oma strengthened into a Category 3 tropical cyclone and began battering New Caledonia with heavy rain, strong winds, widespread flooding, mudslides, piwer outages and rough seas. Oma was then expected to target New Zealand and Australia later in the week. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind eminating from a equatorial coronal hole hit Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras.

22nd-23rd - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria and Iraq: ISIS militants were facing defeat in Syria and as a result they slipped across the border into Iraq, destabilizing its fragile security. Another 150 ISIS miltants were delivered to Iraqi officials by the Syrian Democratic Forces, bringing the total to 650 over the last few days. Palestine and Israel: Once again, Israeli gunfire killed a Palestinian teenager at a protest along Gaza-Israel border fence. At the same time, thousands descended on the contested site of Jerusalem. Another thirty protesting Palestinians were wounded as well. Europe: Adriatic Sea and Croatia: Hurricane-force force winds swept across the Croatian Adriatic coast with winds toppling trees, damaging vehilces and shattering windows. Wind gusts in the region of the Adriatic port of Split reached 118 mph (191 kph). Across the Adriatic, near Italy, the Turkish cargo ship Efe Murat was driven aground due to strong winds. Asia: India: At least 99 people died and another fifty fell sick after drinking tainted liquor in two separate incidents in Golaghat and Jorhat districts in Assam state. Bangladesh: A fast-moving fire swept through a historic district of Dhaka, killing at least seventy-eight people. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 9,000 feet (2,700 m) into the air. Africa: Sudan: Facing deadly protests, the country's president declared a state of emergency for a year, disbanded the federal government and replaced all state governors with senior army officers. Algeria: Thousands of protesters took to the streets in several towns to denounce the country's ailing president's bid for a fifth term. Protesters used tires and other materials to block some streets in Akbou. Mozambique: Gunmen attacked a convoy of vehicles belonging to an American oil and gas company, killing one and wounding four. Nigeria: After a long delay the contry began counting votes in the presidential election. However, the election was mared by an extremist attack and other election-related killings. One soldier was killed and four were wounded, and another six people killed who the army described as "political hoodlums" after troops were ambushed at a barricaded road in Abonnema. It was also mared by multiple blasts in Maiduguri, torched ballot boxes, soldiers firing on suspected vote-snatchers and people illegally selling their votes for the price of a cup of coffee. North America: US: A powerful winter storm headed for the Upper Midwest, while drenching rains pounded the South, triggeing widespread flooding and at least five tornadoes. The tornadoes destroyed or damaged vehilces and houses, and killed one in Mississippi. The winds of the storm made it seem more like a hurricane. The storm already delivered record snowfall to Las Vegas and Arizona and then moved east. Winter storm watches were posted for an area that stretched from the Plains into the Great Lakes. In Wisconsin the snowfall reached whiteout conditions, triggering a 131-vehicle pile-up. Much of the Southeast was already saturated when the rains made matters worse. A mudslide forced the closure of a major road in Tennessee, after a large chunk of road was washed away during heavy rain. Vehicles were also washed down the road in a mudslide. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano undeerwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Venezuela: Clashes erupted near Venezuela's border with Brazil, leaving at least two dead and several injuried. Troops opened fire on protesters who tried to block a road with the aim of preventing military vehicles from passing. The military was preventing humanitarian aid from entering the country. Humanitarian aid trucks crossing into Venezuela were 'incinerated,' as military defections grew. Eventually, more than 100 troops defected. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes rising 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air; the following day they reached to 23,000 feet (7,000 m). Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck near the city of Guayaquil, located near the central border of Peru and Ecuador east of Palora (02-22; 10:17). While it caused some major damages, only minor injuries were reported. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: West: Typhoon Wutip developed into a powerful storm packing maximum sustained winds of 120 mph (193 kph). Wutip threatened Guam with six to eight inches (15-20 cm) of rain and powerful winds of 170 mph (274 kph) as it strengthened the following day into a category 4 super typhoon. Solar Activity: The solar wind triggered major geomagnetic activity and a huge number of auroras. The next day, a huge coronal hole opened up on the Sun and faced Earth.

26th - Last Quarter (11h 28m) MODERATE


Europe: Albania: Supporters of the opposition party threw flares and set a car tire on fire outside the country's parliament in an attempt to prevent lawmakers from entering, calling for the government to quit. Police used tear gas to disperse the protesters. UK: Numerous fire crews began tackling a huge fire in Saddleworth Moor in West Yorkshire, during a record temperature for the warmest winter day for a second time. The fire could be seen for miles and was described as "apocalyptic". Asia: India and Pakistan: India launched airstrikes against a terrorist group in Pakistan as a response to a suicide bomber that killed forty armed police in Kashmir. India claimed that a large number of the miltants had been killed, while Pakistan claimed that there were no casualties. However, tensions rose between the two countries as a result. North Sulawesi: Dozens of people were buried by a landslide in an unlicensed gold mine. At least one was found dead and thirteen were injuried of the sixty buried in the landslide. Africa: Somalia: US military airstrikes targeted al-Shabab miltants, killing at least twenty. A day earlier, an airstrike also killed another thirty-five al-Shabab miltants. Mozambique: An illegal open mine collapsed in an area of Cabo Delgado province, killing eleven, while thirteen others were rescued. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Millions of gallons of water were released at the Wilson Dam in Florence, Alabama, after heavy rainfall drenched the area, increasing water levels in Wilson Lake. Throughout the South, from southeastern Texas and Louisiana to Florida, the flood-weary south got more heavy rain. Locally strong thunderstorms also brought gusty winds and hail. An atmospheric river continued to bring drenching rain and mountain snow over Northern California and central and southern Oregon. In California it triggered widcespread flooding and mudslides. The region around the Russian River was completely inundated with more than 2,000 homes and businesses underwater. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano undeerwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 29,000 feet (8,800 m) into the air. Solar Activity: A spotless Sun brought extra cosmic rays, long-lasting coronal holes on the Sun, and pink auroras.





March


1st-2nd - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: A suicidde bomber targeted the inside of a restaurant in the city of Idlib, killing at least seven and wounded dozens. The next day, al-Qaida-linked militants shot dead eight men suspected of being members of ISIS. In a separate incident, Kurdish-led SDF forces laid siege on the city of Baghuz, the last stronghold of ISIS miltants. SDF fighters advanced on two fronts amid intense fighting with the militants. Europe: UK and Western Europe: A fierce storm - Storm Freya - strengthened and headed for the UK with hurricane-force winds. Rough seas, damage to buildings and trees, travel disruption and power outages were widespread, as were risks of injury and dead. Storm Freya then moved into western Europe. Italy: Tens of thousands marched in Milan against the policies of the populist government in Rome that is said to promote racism. Asia: Malaysia: Thirty-four Muslim Rohingya women and children were found stranded along a beach in Kangar, the capital of Perlis state. Authorities believe that they were trafficked into Thailand from Bangladesh, before heading to Malaysia, and that it was the trafficers who left them there. Indonesia: Ibu Volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Dukono volcano, also on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Afghanistan: Taliban militants attacked a corps of security forces in Helmand province, killing forty and wounding another twenty, after a 40-hour battle in the Wahser district. The Taliban used three suicide bombers and lost another twenty-two gunmen. India and Pakistan: Indian and Pakistani soldiers again targeted each other's posts and villages along the frontier in the disputed Kashmir region, killing at least six civilians and two Pakistani troops. Japan: Sakurajima volcano, on the island of Kyushu, underwent an explosive eruption. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Nemuro (03-02; 03:22). Africa: Algeria: Tens of thousands of protesters again took to the streets in Algeirs and other cities to protest the current president's bid for a fifth term. Protesters pushed past a barricade and defied tear gas fired by police. Most were peaceful, but a small group threw stones at police. An undisclosed number of people were injuried. Somalia: A siege by al-Shabab militants took place in the heart of Mogadishu ending with all of the militants killed, with the death toll reaching twenty-four and expected to climb. It started off with two car bombs and then gunmen opened fire at nearby buildings and businesses. Dozens of cars caught on fire and buildings were damaged. Mali: Malian soldiers drove over a roadside bomb in Boulkessy, located in the Mopti region, leaving nine dead. Nigeria: A leaking oil pipeline exploded, triggering a stampede in the Nembe kingdom in Bayelsa state. After the incident more than fifty people were missing. North America: US: Traffic was at a standstill on Interstate-70 as a winter storm warning as well as an avalanche watch were in effect in Colorado. Another storm headed for the South with damaging thunderstorms and more flooding, as rivers continue to rise from the previous storm. Tornadoes swept through the South hitting Alabama espcially hard, leaving at least twenty-eight dead and dozens missing. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Peru: A powerful 7.0 magnitide earthquake struck north of Azangaro (03-01; 08:50). Atlantic: West Central: A Norwegian Cruise Line's ship was struck by a sudden, "extreme" gust of wind that registered about 115 mph (185 kph). This caused the ship to tip on its side sending objects crashing into passengers injuring nunerous passengers. Solar Activity: For the third day in a row, Earth was inside a stream of solar wind flowing from a wide coronal hole, triggering geomagnetic storms and Artic auroras.

6th - New Moon (16h 04m) HIGH


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Gunfire erupted during nighttime skirmishes along Gaza-Israel frontier, leaving one Palestian teen dead. Syria: About 400 ISIS militants were caught attempting to slip out of Baghuz with the help of smugglers. Hundreds of others surrendered and evacuated the village, their last stronghold in Syria. Iraq: It was discovered that about 1,500 children were being detained by federal and Kurdish authorities for alleged links to ISIS miltants. Human Rights Watch reported that the children were often arrested and tortured to force confessions. Europe: France: Prison guards blocked access to eighteen prisons after an inmate in the north of the country wounded two guards in what was called a terrorist attack. Numerous: After Storm Freya battered France with strong winds and rain, another storm arrived. The new storm was named Laura with downpours impacting locations from France to Spain and Portugal, triggering widespread flooding and damaging winds. Asia: India and Pakistan: Indian and Pakistani soldiers shelled military outposts and villages along the disputed Kashmir region. This new violence occurred despite stepped-up diplomatic efforts to ease tensions. North Korea: The country began rebuilding the Sohae rocket launch site it had pledged to dismantle, igniting international tensions. Indonesia: Karangetang volcano, on Siau Island, Sangihe Islands, underwent an explosive eruption with pyroclastic flows and sending ash plumes 9,000 feet (2,700 m) into the air. Africa: Kenya: Police used tear gas and batons to disperse striking workers at the main international airport in Nairobi. Thousands of passengers were stranded at four main airports, and about sixty flights failed to take-off. North America: US: The Deep South and Southeast were targeted by the Arctic outbreak gripping the Midwest and Northeast, causing another widespread hard freeze to emerge. South America: Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 12,000 feet (3,700 m) into the air. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sending ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of L'Esperance Rock, New Zealand (03-06; 15:46). Solar Activity: A new sunspot - AR2734 - emerged on the Sun's northern hemisphere. Meanwhile, a coronal hole was sending a solar wind stream towards Earth.

9th-10th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Gunfire erupted during another protest along the Gaza-Israel border, leaving one Palestian dead and forty-four others injuried. The Israeli military also clashed in a West Bank village earlier in the day. Yemen: Fighting again erupted between the Houthi rebels who hold the city and government-backed troops in the port city of Hodeida, where fires were ignited and artillery fire shook buildings. It was the first clash since a cease fire was agreed on past December. Syria: The Syrian Democratic Forces attacked the last ISIS militant enclave in the town of Baghuz. It appeared to be the final assualt on ISIS militants in the region. Europe: Ukraine: A clash broke out between the Ukrainian police and far right-wing demonstrators, leaving at least fifteen of the officers injuried. The clash took place in the city of Cherkasy, after the demonstrators rushed a stage were a presidental candidate was speaking. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows and sent ash plumes 34,000 feet (10,400 m) into the air. Also on the peninisula, Karymsky Volcano underwent highly explosive eruptions and sent ash plimes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Asia: Japan: A ferry collided with a marine animal off the coast of Sado Island, injuring more than eighty. Myanmar: The Arakan Army rebel group attacked a police station in the state of Rakhine, killing nine policemen. Philippines: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck north of Santa Monica (03-08; 15:06). Africa: Algeria: The largest demonstration yet, protesting against the rule of their president, were staging huge demonstrations in the capital, Algiers, and other cities. Madagascar and Mozambique: Tropical Cyclone Idai was moving across the Mozambique Channel where it was strengthening and bringing heavy flooding rain and strong winds to Madagascar and parts of the Mozambique coast. It was forecast to continue for the next few days. Ethiopia: A jetliner took off from Addis Ababa and was unable to ascend effectively, forcing a distress call from the pilot. On attempting to return to the airport the plane crashed, killing all 157 passengers, who were from thirty-five different countries. North America: US: A flight that was bound for John F. Kennedy International Airport hit extreme turbulence, injuring dozens of passengers. More than one hundred people became stranded on the ice of Lake Erie just off Catawba State Park after a piece of ice broke loose. The local officials had to rescue all of them. An EF-1 tornado was reported over Pulaski County, Arkansas leaving extensive damage. In Springhill, Louisiana the roofs of buildings were torn off and sparks flew from power lines due to a tornado. Another major snowstorm with blizzard conditions buried much of the northern Plains and Upper Midwest. South America: Venezuela: Opposition and government loyalists held rival demonstrations in Caracas, in what could be a protracted power struggle. Power and communications blackouts made matters worse, amid severe shortages of basic needs. Colombia: A plane crashed en route to the city of Villavicencio after declaring an emergency, killing all fourteen on board. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano on Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck south of Kulumadau, Papua New Guinea (3-10; 12:48). South: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Lambasa, Fiji (03-10; 08:12). Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2734 erupted, producing a C1-class solar flare, and sent a pair of coronal mass ejections towards Earth. The next day the sunspot erupted again.

14th - First Quarter (10h 27m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: A "large number" of ISIS militants surrendered a day after intense fighting in the last speck of land at the edge of the village of Baghouz. Israel and Palestine: Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired two rockets toward Tel Aviv. In response, Israeli warplanes attacked militant targets in the southern Gaza Strip. The attack caused no damage or injuries, but it was a significant escalation of the violent tensions between the two. Europe: Mediterranean: Forty-five migrants died trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Spain, while twenty-one others were rescued. UK: Enormous waves surged over the coast as a major storm moved through Northern Ireland, where winds reached hurricane-force in some areas. Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: India: A pedestrian bridge in Mumbai that connected a train station with a road collapsed, killing at least five people and injuring more than thirty. New Zealand: A gunman stormed into two mosques in Christchurch and opened fire, killing fifty. Africa: Nigeria: A three-story school building collapsed in Lagos with about 100 children inside. At least eight were killed, but many more were still among the rubble, where there were also apartments housing families and shops. Fifty people were rescued. Mozambique and Malawi: Tropical Cyclone Idai headed for landfall near Beira, and brought more devastation to an area already flooded by heavy rains. The storm - packing winds of 140 mph (225 kph) - affected 500,000 in one of the nation's largest cities. Malawi was also at risk after it was pelleted by heavy rains. Heavy rains have already killed about 100 people in Mozambique and Malawi. North America: US: A "bombogenesis" or bomb cyclone began traveling east, unleashing snow, rain, lightning and powerful winds through the midwest. The National Weather Service called it an "historic March blizzard." Severe thunderstorms progressed eastward across the Ohio and lower Mississippi valleys, spreading heavy rains and thunderstorms that brought flooding, damaging wind gusts and tornadoes. This storm and melting snow were expected to bring widespread flooding well into Spring 2019. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Brazil: Two men carrying guns, knives and crossbows, opened fire at a school in a suburb of Sao Paulo, killing five students and two adults before taking their own lives (on the 13th). Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Bolivia: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Cliza (03-15; 05:03). Solar Activity: A large coronal hole opened up on the Sun and was spewing a stream of solar wind towards Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms and Arctic auroras.

17th-18th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: A Palestinian killed two Israelis and seriously wounded another in the West Bank before fleeing, setting off a massive manhunt. Europe: UK: Downpours forced twenty-six flood warnings for England, mostly in Yorkshire, and five for Wales. The floods destroyed vehicles and forced evacuations. Three teenagers were crushed in Northern Ireland after a crowd trying to get into a Saint Patrick's Day event crushed the teens. Netherlands: An armed man opened fire on a tram in Utrecht, killing three and wounding five. The motive was unknown, but the shooter was found and arrested. Asia: Afghanistan: An overnight attack by Taliban militants on checkpoints in Qaisar district, set off a fierce gunbattle that left twenty-two Afghan troops dead and twenty wounded. In an ongoing battle in the Bala Murghab district, in which the military carried out airstrikes, sixteen were killed and twenty wounded. At least forty militants were also killed. Indonesia: A 5.5 magnitude earthquake struck the island of Lombok near a popular waterfall, killing two, injuring dozens and damaging or destroying about five hundred houses. The quake triggered a landslide from Mount Rinjani that hit dozens of tourists at the Tiu Kelep waterfall. In a separate incident, days of torrential downpours triggered flash floods and mudslides that left at least seventy-nine dead, thousands homeless and destroyed roads, homes and bridges in several areas of Papua province's Jayapura district. At least another seventy-four were injuried and at least sixty were missing. Pakistan: A bomb exploded aboard a moving train, killing at least three passengers, wounding seven others and damaging five cars. Africa: Zimbabwe and Mozambique: The effects of Cyclone Idai were still being felt (see previous lunar phase) when a landslide was triggered sending rocks down a mountain and knocking over a wall of a dormatory, killing at least thirty-one. The storm knocked out power and communications in Manicaland province, along the border with Mozambique, where about twenty-one people were killed. More than 120 people have died and many more are missing in Mozambique and neighbouring Zimbabwe. Cyclone Idai may have killed more than a thousand people in Mozambique, claims the country's president. The cyclone caused "massive and horrifying" damage destroying more than 90% of Beira, which was a coastal city in central Mozambique. The storm left much of Mozambique under water and 400,000 homeless. Floods and rains swept away hundreds of homes in the eastern and western parts of Zimbabwe. Weakened the storm headed for Kenya. Mali: Heavily armed men attacked a camp in the village of Dioura, killing at least twenty-three soldiers. Nigeria: Another building partially collapsed during a demolition exercise in Lagos Island; the third building to collapse in a week. Four people were injuried and rescued from the rubble. Democratic Republic of Congo: A freight train overturned in Kasai province, killing at least twenty-four and injuring another thirty stowaways. Several of the train's cars fell into a river and had not been searched - the number of victims could rise as a result. North America: US: Heavy rainfall and snowmelt triggered dangerously high water in creeks and rivers across several Midwestern states, forcing thousands to evacuate. The Missouri and Mississippi Rivers alone hit historic record-high levels in many areas, and left at least three dead and two missing. Roads and bridges were destroyed, houses were flooded, vehicles were swept away, and ice jammed waterways. It appeared that more of the same would follow in the coming days. In Deer Park, Texas a huge fire broke out at a chemical plant that would burn for four days. Residents were ordered to stay inside in order to escape the toxic fumes. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A sunspot was growing rapidly on the Sun's northern hemisphere. A G1-class geomagnetic storm sparked strong auroras around the Arctic Circle.

20th Vernal Equinox and 21st - Full Moon (01h 43m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Once again clashes erupted on the West Bank, leaving two Palestinian men dead. The Israeli military claimed that explosive devices were thrown from a car at troops guarding Jewish worshippers at Joseph's Tomb in the city of Nablus. In a separate incident, near Ramallah, a Palestinian attacked Israeli forces, leaving two Israeli troops dead and the attacker was also killed. Iraq: A ferry overturned on the Tigris River near Mosul, drowning at least ninety-four. The death toll was expected to rise. Fifty-five others were rescued. Europe: Italy: A bus driver abducted fifty-one children and their school chaperones, and threatened their lives for nearly an hour. He then set the bus on fire, while police rescued the children. Turkey: A moderate 5.7 magnitude earthquake struck the southwest, centered on the town of Acipayam in Denizli province (03-20; 06:34). Several homes were completely destroyed, a hospital was evacuated, schools were closed, and several people were injuried by falling debris. Asia: Indonesia: Bromo Volcano, on the island of East Java, underwent an explosive eruption. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. China: A fertiliser chemical plant in Yancheng exploded after a fire broke out, killing at least six and injuring thirty. The blast brought down nearby factory buildings, trapping workers, and also damaged or destroyed vehicles. Afghanistan: Three bombs exploded in the Kabul during the Nowruz, Persian New Year celebrations, leaving at least six dead and twenty-three wounded. Remote-controlled explosive devices were placed in the washroom of a mosque, a hospital and an electric meter. ISIS claimed responsibility. Africa: Cameroon: Fifteen students who are members of the University of Buea football team were kidnapped by gunmen. It was unknown who the kidnappers were and why they abducted the students. Australia: Tropical Cyclone Veronica went from an unnamed tropical low to a Category 4 intense tropical cyclone in less than a day. It was located off the northwestern coastline of Western Australia and was expected to turn southward toward the Pilbara Coast in a couple of days. Meanwhile, Tropical Cyclone Trevor - strengthened into a Category 3 tropical cyclone - made landfall on the Cape York Peninsula, causing damage to homes, and triggering power outages, rough seas and flooding from torrrential rains. Trevor was expected to restrengthen significantly once in the Gulf of Carpentaria, reaching Category 4 strength and hitting the Northern Territory. North America: US: A storm began to undergo rapid strengthening and would bring drenching rain, coastal flooding, strong winds and heavy snow to parts of the Northeast and become the next bomb cyclone. The Central US remained underwater and would so for weeks to come, as historic river flooding continued and would so well into April. Yet, the damages have already cost over $1 billion so far. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Brazil: Gunmen fired on trucks transporting uranium fuel to a nuclear plant as they drove past a rough, Frade neighborhood in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Police escorting the convoy returned fire, the gunmen fled and the uranium reached its destination. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa Volcano uderwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano on the island of Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption. South: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck east of Luganville, Vanuatu (03-20; 15:23). Numerous: A "supermoon" - a Full Moon that is closer to Earth that other Full Moons, and the Earth, Sun and the Moon are in close alignment - contributed to bringing high tides and coastal flooding in areas prone to high water in the US, Uk and especailly Africa. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection (CME), caused by an explosion in the magnetic canopy of sunspot AR2736, hurled a C4-class solar flare towards Earth. The CME caused a shortwave radio "brownout" over southern parts of Europe and all of Africa It was expected to trigger a G2-class geomagnetic storm(s) and auroras. The rapidly-growing active region of sunspot AR2736 stretches across more than 62,000 miles (100,000 km) of the solar surface and contains multiple dark cores larger than the Earth.

24th-25th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Once again clashes erupted on the West Bank, leaving one Palestinian dead and two others wounded. Hundreds of Palestinians had gathered for protests, some of whom threw stones and firebombs toward Israel. In response, Israeli military aircraft targeted two Hamas observation posts in the southern Gaza Strip. The next day, Israeli forces struck targets across the Gaza Strip in response to a rocket attack from the Palestinian territory, destroying numerous buildings. Iran: Heavy rains triggered widespread flooding, killing at least forty-four and injuring ninety-four. The areas most affected were the city of Shiraz, and other areas like Lorestan, Kermanshah, Golestan and Mazandaran. Hundreds of vehicles were swept away and thousands of homes were underwater. Yemen: A missile hit a gas station near the entrance of the Kitaf rural hospital, iiling at least eight, five of which were children. Europe: Belarus: About 2,000 protesters of the government demonstrated in Minsk. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Norway: A Norwegian cruise ship was battered by strong winds and rough waves when its engine failed while off the coast. About 1,300 passengers and crew were rescued by airlifts using helicopters, and several ships also evacuated the cruise ship. France: Protesters gathered in city of Le Mans setting tires on fire, and pushing a burning caravan at police near city hall. The police responded by firing rubber pellets into the crowd, driving back between 300 and 500 protesters. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck east of Bitung (03-24; 04:37). Australia: The second major cyclone of the week - Cyclone Veronica - made landfall on the Northern Territory coast with torrential rains, major flooding, strong winds and rough seas with storm surge flooding. A Category 3 storm, Veronica had sustained winds of 135 mph (220 kph). Africa: Mali: An ethnic Dogon militia attacked an ethnic Peuhl village, killing at least 134, wounding fifty-five and burning down their homes. Sudan: An explosion took place near a military facility in Omdurman, killing eight children and wounding eight others who were searching for scrap metal in the area. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent a highly explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Residents, headed for cover as Frisco, Texas was pelleted by large hail, knocking out windows, and damaging homes and vehicles. A tornado touched down south of Saint Louis, Missouri. Thunderstorms pummeled a large area of the south, producing damaging winds and golf-ball-sized and baseball-sized hail. Heavy fog triggered a massive thirty vehicle pileup in Los Angeles County, California. At least thirty people were injured. South America: Brazil: Communities in the state of Minas Gerais were ordered to evacuate, after it was found that one of its dams could collapse at any moment. Tropical Storm Iba developed and began strengthening off the coast of Brazil, near the states of Bahia, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro. It was the first tropical storm in the region in nearly a decade. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa Volcano uderwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Colombia: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of El Dovio (03-23; 19:21). Solar Activity: Numerous holes opened up on Sun and were facing Earth, spewing a stream of solar wind in the direction of Earth. Meanwhile, a coronal mass ejection triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras.

28th - Last Quarter (04h 10m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Europe: Russia: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck east of Ozernovskiy (03-28; 22:06). Asia: Bangladesh: A high-rise office building in Dhaka caught on fire, killing at least nineteen and injuring about seventy others. It was unknown what caused the fire. Indonesia: Bromo Volcano, on the island of East Java, unerwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 10,000 feet (3,000 m) into the air. Africa: Somalia: A car bomb exploded outside a crowded restaurant in Mogadishu, killing sixteen and wounding seventeen. The al-Shabab militant group claimed responsibility. Libya: A merchant ship was hijacked by migrants it had rescued off Libya's coast. When the migrants realized they were being taken back to Lybia they highjacked the ship. The ship was later captured by the Armed Forces of Malta and arrived at a port in Malta. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent a highly explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: A snowstorm began sweeping across portions of the Rockies and northern Plains, as cold air plunged into the region. Temperatures plummetted by 20 to 40 degrees F. Central America: Guatemala: A truck ploughed into a crowd viewing the scene of an accident in the iown of Nahuala. The truck killed at least eighteen and injuried nineteen. The driver then fled the scene and was later arrested by police, following a high speed chase. Solar Activity: The Earth entered a stream of high-speed solar wind, triggering geomagnetic storms and Arctic auroras.

31st-April 1st - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: A mortar attack took place near the town of Afrin, killing a Turkish soldier and wounding another. The Turkish ministry of defense claimed that it was terrorists and struck back shelling terrorist targets. Israel and Palestine: Militants fired five rockets from Hamas-ruled Gaza into Israel. A day earlier, Palestinian mass protests again took place along the Israel-Gaza perimeter fence. And again, Israeli soldiers shot dead four Palestinians and wounded sixty-four others. This took place as negotations were underway for a cease fire. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Nepal: A powerful rainstorm swept through the south, leaving at least twenty-eight dead and more than four-hundred injured. The deaths and injuries were the result of wind-blown objects, collapsing huts and falling trees. Strong winds flipped cars and blew a bus carrying at least 40 people off a highway. Philippines: Police, backed by army troops, were authorized to do home searches in a city and two towns in Negros Oriental province. Fourteen suspected communist rebels were killed after they opened fire during the raids. However, a rights groups said that the men were farmers and that these were the latest victims of extra-judicial killings. China: A scrap metal container exploded in the city of Kunshan in Jiangsu province, killing at least seven and injuring seven. The explosion also caused a fire that spread to a nearby workshop. In a separate incident, at least thirty-one firefighters were killed while battling a forest fire in the mountains of western Sichuan province that was ignited by lightning. Afghanista: The country's vice president escaped unharmed after Taliban ambushed his convoy, while traveling form northern Balkh to neighboring Zawzjan province. However, a security guard was killed, and two others were wounded in the attack. In a separate incident, heavy rains triggered flash floods that killed at least thirty-two people and destroyed thousands of homes. The disaster increased the suffering of hundreds of thousands who last year had been forced out of their homes because of severe drought in the region. In a separate incident, Taliban militants stormed checkpoints in the north and west, killing at least eight security forces. One attack set off an hours-long gunbattle. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Mauritius: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Port Mathurin (04-01; 18:39). Australia: A new tropical threat was developing and was set to strengthen in and around the Timor Sea. Africa: South Africa: A group of unemployed citizens protested foreign-owned shops in Durban. About fifty people sought shelter at a police station after being forced out of their homes in the night. Amid the disorder three people were left dead. Algeria: Hundreds of thousands took to the streets to demand the resignation of the country's president. Police fired tear gas at crowds as they attempted to reach the president's headquarters. Nigeria: Attacks took place in several villages in the Shinkafi area in the state of Zamfara, leaving at least twenty-eight dead; other sources say forty or more were killed. North America: US: A strengthening coastal storm was developing and would sideswipe the Eastern Seaboard with heavy rain, strong winds and rough seas, later in the week. A wildfire began spreading in near Allanton, Florida, forcing the evacuation of dozens of homes. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sending ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. South America: Brazil: Thousands of demonstrators took to the streets in several major cities and ten states to protest the 55th anniversary of the coup that ushered in the country's 1964-1985 military regime. A dam in Oriente Novo collapsed after a waterspout damaged its structure. Fortunately, no one was hurt or killed, though the gushing water did some damage. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sending ash plumes 21,000 feet (6.400 m) in the air. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Ecuador: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck north of Santa Elena (03-31; 07:04). Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection began spewing a stream of solar wind in the direction Earth. A new sunspot, AR2737, was growing on the Sun's northern hemisphere.





April/b>


See last entry in March for April 1st events.


5th - New Moon (8h 58m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Libya: Eastern Libyan troops advanced into the southern outskirts of Tripoli where fighting against the government took place near the former international airport. They controlled the airport by nightfall. Militias in western Libya fought back capturing about 100 soldiers and undertook an airstrike on one of their positions. Israel and Palelstine: Thousands of Palestinians protested along the perimeter fence between Israel and the militant Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip. Once again violence brokeout as dozens of Palestinians approached the barrier, setting tires on fire and throwing rocks, as well as explosives at the fence. Israeli troops responded with tear gas and live bullets, wounding eighty-three Palestinians. Europe: Greece: Police pushed back hundreds of migrants who gathered near the city of Thessaloniki hoping to enter North Macedonia. It all started when social media spread fake news that suggested travel restrictions had been lifted. Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows and sending ash plumes 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air. Asia: South Korea: A national emergency was declared in response to one of the largest wildfires on record. More than 4,000 people were evacuated and at least one person was killed. Thousands of soldiers were brought in to help firefighters battle the blaza. A spark from a transformer near Goseong in Gangwon Province triggered the fire that was then fanned by strong winds. Indonesia: Ibu volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Africa: Mali: Tens of thousands protested in the capital, Bamako, against rising ethnic and militant violence. Many demonstrators held signs calling on the president to step down. Algeria: Thousands of protesters again took to the streets in Algeria demanding an end to the regime. North America: Mexico: A massive blackout has struck across the Yucatan Peninsula where there are several million people. The failure was caused by a brushfire that damaged high-voltage transmission lines. It was not yet known what caused the fire. US: A storm brought heavy rain that triggered flash flooding in several parishes in southern Louisiana. Meanwhile, a new storm developed that would elevate the risk of flooding, while additional storms would trigger long-term flooding over parts of the south-central and southeastern US. South America: Brazil: Heavy rains in the northeast killed at least three and displaced 3,600 people. The rain fell overnight in the Piaui state capital of Teresina, flooding a neighborhood. Paraguay: About 20,000 people were forced to evacuate their homes due to rising waters of the Paraguay River. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: A 6.5 magnitdue earthquake struck north of Visokoi Island, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (04-05; 16:14). Solar Activity: The Earth was inside a stream of solar wind that triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras around the Arctic Circle.

8th-9th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Libya: Clashes between rival Libyan forces over Tripoli escalate, leaving at least fifty-one dead. The city's only functioning airport was hit by an airstrike. The conflict displaced some 3,400 people and blocked emergency services from reaching the wounded. Yemen: A large explosion in Sanaa was triggered by a Saudi-led coalition airstrike that targeted a warehouse where Houthi stored weapons (on the 7th). However, the Saudi-led coalition said it did not undertake any airstrike. The blast damaged nearby schools, destroyed homes and left houses without walls or doors far away. Thirteen civlians were killed and more than one hundred were wounded. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows, sending ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Asia: Afghanistan: A convoy hit a roadside bomb near the Bagram Air Base, in Parwan province, killing three American soldiers and wounding a contractor. The Taliban claimed responsibility. The next day, Taliban militants stormed army checkpoints in Kandahar province, in the Shorabak district, killing twenty troops and wounding eight. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Ibu volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. India-administered Kashmir: Two days of heavy snow triggered a massive avalanche in the Himalayan region, killing at least ten and leaving rescuers frantically digging to find survivors. Making matters worse, the snowfall cut off the region, closing the airport and roads. India: Maoist rebels attacked a convoy of India's ruling Bharatiya Janata Party with an improvised explosive device, killing a politician and four others in the state of Chhattisgarh. Africa: Sudan: Thousands of anti-government protesters gathered in front of a compound in Khartoum when security forces used tear gas, rubber bullets and live fire to try to disperse the protesters. A soldier was killed while trying to protect protesters. The next day, security forces killed at least fourteen protesters, including a military officer, in a new attempt to disperse the anti-government sit-in. Nigeria: It was believed that Fulani herdsmen attacked two villages in Kaduna state, killing at least twenty. North America: US and Canada: Two storm systems moved through the Northeast pounding part of New England and eastern Quebec in Canada with wet, heavy snow. US: Large hail and wind damages that swept across the South were met with additional rounds of severe weather, damaging winds and flooding downpours. The storms also brought more flash flooding, large hail, damaging winds and tornadoes. An EF1 tornado ripped roofs off buildings and toppled trees and power lines in Guttersville, Alabama. The tornado was estimated to have had winds upwards of 100 mph (160 kph). Meanwhile, a snowstorm began developing that swept through the central states, burying counties across several states in snow and unleashing high-speed winds. The intense spring blizzard dumped up to 30 inches (760 mm) in some areas, caused power outages in many states, and whiteout conditions brought that caused accidents and closed roads. Strong winds also kicked up dust across the Desert Southwest. Western and central Oregon endured more heavy rain and strong winds, as some areas were already battling the effects of overflowing rivers and reservoirs. The heavy rains triggered landslides and mudslides, closing roads. South America: Brazil: A ferryboat collided with a bridge in the state of Pará, plunging a 657-foot (200-m) section and two cars into the Moju River. The Pará governor declared a state of emergency as search for survivors got underway. In a separate incident, heavy rains left a trail of destruction in Rio de Janeiro, killing at least ten people. Torrents of water gushed down streets, sweeping up vehicles, damaging buildings and uprooting trees. A state of emergency was declared. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 26,000 feet (7,900 m) into the air. Atlantic: South: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands (04-09; 17:54). Solar Activity: The solar wind triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras. A new sunspot, AR2738, emerged and would turn towards Earth in a few days.

12th - First Quarter (19h 06m) HIGH


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Once again, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian teenager and thirty other Palestinians were injured, during protests along the perimeter fence dividing Israel and Gaza. Asia: Pakistan: A suicide bomber targeted a market in the city of Quetta, killing at least twenty people and wounding dozens of others. Indonesia: Merapi volcano, on the island of Central Java, underwent a highly explosive eruption with pyroclastic flows. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck south of Luwuk (04-12; 11:40). Japan: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Miyako (04-11; 08:18). Africa: Algeria: The eighth week of massive demonstrations that forced the president to resign and now aim to rid the nation of its interim leadership was peaceful at first. But then clashes erupted where police repeatedly fired tear gas and used water cannons to disperse the protesters. Twenty-seven police officers were injuried, some seriously, and 108 protesters were arrested. Kenya: Militants abducted two Cuban doctors in an ambush that left a police bodyguard dead. The gunmen may have taken the doctors into neighboring Somalia. Ethiopia: The military foiled a planned attack by Somalia-based al-Shabab militants in the capital, Addis Ababa. Sudan: Following the overthrow of their long-ruling president, many thousands of protesters remained in the streets of the capital, Khartoum, to send a clear message that they will not accept the imposition of military rule. The main airport was shut down and neighboring South Sudan was causious of civil unrest sparking a similar situation there. North America: Mexico: A group of about 350 migrants broke the locks on a border gate and forced their way into the country in the southern border state of Chiapas. US: Gusts of around 50 mph caused whiteout conditions in South Dakota and stranded people on the road. A significant outbreak of severe weather, including a tornado outbreak, took place in parts of the south. South America: Brazil: Two buildings in Rio de Janeiro collapsed, killing at least three, injuring thirteen others and leaving another thirteen missing. The area was run by militias and the deteriorated buildings did not have permits. Solar Activity: Big sunspot AR2738 sent out B-class solar flares.

15th-16th - Mid=Phase HIGH


Mideast: Libya: Recent clashes between rival Libyan militias for control of the capital Tripoli displaced nearly 20,000 people. Heavy weapons and shelling damaged houses, schools and civilian infrastructure. At least 174 people have been killed and 758 have been wounded since the clashes began on April 3rd. Europe: France: A massive fire consumed the upper reaches of Paris' world-famous Notre Dame Cathedral. The blaze caused the collapse of the cathedral's spire and spread to one of its rectangular towers. The cause was unknown, though arson and terror-related motives were ruled out. UK and Various Countries: Thousands of protesters took to the streets across central London where climate change activists blocked roads and vandalised Shell Oil's headquarters. Nearly 300 were arested. The protesters claimed that protests were also being held in over eighty cities across thirty-three countries. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka pennsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows and sent ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Asia: Pakistan, India and Afghanistan: Dangerous thunderstorms triggered dust storms, damaging winds and flooding downpours in Pakistan and northern India. Karachi was struck by a powerful dust storm that left at least five dead and dozens injuried. The storm also uprooted trees and utility polls and damaged homes and schools. The next day, powerful thunderstorms and dust storms hit Pakistan again, bringing the death toll to at least twenty-three. The storm was also responsible for at least five deaths due to flooding in Afghanistan. Most of the deaths were the result of collapsed buildings, flash flooding and vehicle accidents. Africa: Somalia: A US airstrike targeted ISIS miltants as they were travelling to their base in the remote mountainous Puntland state, near Xiriiro village. The strike killed a top ISIS group leader and numerous other miltants. Ghana: Heavy rains triggered floods in the nation's capital Accra, killing at least six and leaving widespread damages. Chad: Boko Haram miltants carried out an attack in the Lake Chad area, killing at least seven soldiers and wounded another fifteen. Claims were that sixty-three Boko Haram miltants were also killed. Sudan: Thousands continued their protest outside army headquarters in the capital, Khartoum, demanding an immediate move to a civilian government after the president was ousted. The army tried to break up the protest, but was unsuccessful. North America: US: Powerful storms triggered tornadoes and flooding across several southern states. At least eight deaths were reported across Mississippi, Texas and Louisiana. As the storm moved east tornado warnings were issued for Ohio, South Carolina and Virginia. Franklin, Texas was heavily damaged by tornadoes with nearly sixty buildings destroyed, including around fifty-five homes and several public buildings. Hamilton, Mississippi, also had dozens of homes destroyed. At least forty-two tornadoes touched down in eight states, leaving at least nine people dead, dozens injuried and widespread destruction. Parts of the upper mid-west were underwater as heavy rains triggered continued flooding in the region. Towns were essentially cut off from surrounding areas, as the roads that enter and leave them were closed due to flooding. Thousands of homes were damaged or destroyed, vehicles were swept down roads that had turned into rivers. Meanwhile, a new storm began developing that would bring enough rain to further aggravate flooding in the central states. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Authorities in the state of Chiapas attempted to block a caravan of about 2,000 Central American migrants from entering the town of Huixtla. However, the caravan pushed past police and headed for the town center. The Huixtla government declared an emergency, telling stores to close and residents to stay indoors, because the caravan members were a threat to safety. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Unusually large sunspot AR2738 was producing strong bursts of radio static. A stream of solar wind flowing from a southern coronal hole on the Sun brushed Earth's magnetic field, triggering auroras.

19th - Full Moon (11h 12m) HIGH


22nd-23rd - Mid-Phase HIGH


26th - Last Quarter (22h 18m) HIGH


29th-30th - Mid-Phase HIGH







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