111 Disaster Probability Calendar




Overview: This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click here. This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click here. Note: All times shown are 24-hour Universal Time and actual local times will usually differ, and local dates may also differ. For earthquakes they are shown as (date; hour:minute); example (01-01; 08:03), which is January 1 at 8:03. Only earthquakes of magnitude 6.0 or greater will be listed, with the exception of lesser magnitudes that cause damage.




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Last Update: November 16, 2019




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January


2nd-3rd - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Al-Qaida-linked militants undertook an offensive against Turkey-backed rebels by trying to cut off Turkey-backed fighters in Afrin from those in the province of Idlib. The previous two days of fighting in the provinces of Aleppo and Idlib left thirty-one dead, including five civilians. The al-Qaida-linked fighters gained full control of the strategic town of Daret Azzeh and also captured the villages of Kafrantin, Fadra, Houta and Mkalbis. Europe: Denmark: Material detached from a cargo train during a heavy storm, which then hit a passenger express train on the Great Belt Bridge, killing eight and injuring thirteen. Netherlands and Belgium: The debris of a ship washed up on five islands off the Dutch north coast consisting of about 270 containers, some containing chemicals. The containers were set loose in stormy weather. Russia: The front half of a ten-story apartment building collapsed in the city of Magnitogorsk, killing thirty-three, as rescue workers continued to search for more than twenty still missing in the rubble. It appeared that a gas explosion was responsible for the collapse. Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Indonesia: Krakatau volcano, on the Sunda Strait, underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: Sakurajima volcano, on the island of Kyushu, underwent an explosive eruption. A 5.0 magnitude earthquake struck an area that included Fukuoka, Nagasaki and Kumamoto areas of the main island of Kyushu. There were no immediate reports of damage and a tsunami watch was lifted within an hour. Vietnam and Thailand: Tropical Storm Pabuk, after inundating the Philippines with deadly flooding, strengthened into a tropical cyclone headed for Vietnam and Thailand. Pabuk brought heavy rain, rough seas, damaging winds and coastal flooding. Thai authorities suspended ferry services and evacuated thousands of locals and tourists ahead of the storm. The tropical cyclone was also expected to hit other countries in the region later in the week. India: Hindu men vandalized shops, shut businesses, burned tires and concrete blocks on roads in important towns and clashed with police in protest of the entry of two women into one of largest Hindu pilgrimage sites in the country. Police used water cannons and tear gas to disperse the protesters. Africa: Burkina Faso: Armed men on motorbikes targeted the village of Yirgou, made up largely of people of Mossi ethnicity, and killed six. The next day, Yirgou residents killed seven Fulani herders in retaliation. Somalia: Al-Shabab militants fired seven mortars into the UN compound in Mogadishu, destroying it and wounding the staff. Mali: Gunmen attacked the mainly Fulani village of Koulhogon, killing thirty-seven civilians, including women and children, and burned down houses. The attack was blamed on the ethnic Dogon militia. Niger: The army killed more than 280 Boko Haram militants during land and air strikes near the border with Nigeria. They also captured rocket launchers, assault weapons and ammunition during an offensive on islands in Lake Chad and along the Komadougou Yobe river. North America: US and Mexico: About 150 migrant asylum-seekers gathered at a section of border wall in Tijuana to try to cross into the US. Several migrants tried to climb the metal wall, border agents then fired tear gas, then migrants approached the wall again, and the agents fired a second and then a third round of tear gas. US: Freezing air at night posed a risk to tender crops and unprotected pipes throughout Southern California and in much of the Southwest. The same storm system that brought snow, freezing rain and travel disruptions across parts of Oklahoma and Texas went on to bring heavy rain, flooding and thunderstorms from the Deep South to the mid-Atlantic states. The westbound lanes of Interstate 40 were completely shut down when several vehicles were involved in accidents or slid off the road. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption that sent ash clouds 17,000 feet (5,182 m) into the air. Pacific:: Northwest: A huge cargo ship carrying thousands of brand new Nissan cars caught fire in the middle of the Pacific. Sixteen crew members were rescued, while another five were presumed dead. South: Cyclone Mona brought rounds of downpours, flooding, mudslides and increasingly strong winds to Fiji and Tonga. Solar Activity: A high-speed solar wind flowed from a large coronal hole on the Sun and hit Earth's magnetic field, triggering minor geomagnetic storms and Arctic auroras.

6th - New Moon (1h 28m) HIGH


Europe: Germany, Austria, Italy and Switzerland: The risk for avalanches in the northern Alps remained high after a massive snowfall left at least ten people dead. A great deal of the countires were closed by authorities who forced the evacuation of dangerous areas. UK: Five Romanian men were attacked in a hate crime in Newtownabbey were a gang forced their way into a house where they beat the occupants with basebaall bats. Asia: Indonesia: Krakatau volcano, on the Sunda Strait, underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck west of Tobelo (01-06; 17:27). Australia: Queensland: Unusually strong winds pushed vast numbers of bluebottle sea creatures (aka, Indo-Pacific Portuguese man of war) towards beaches. About 13,000 stings were recorded. Africa: Gabon: The government prevented an attempted military coup, after two the plotters were killed and other army officers were arrested. A curfew was imposed over the capital, Libreville, and was being patrolled by military tanks and armed vehicles. Mozambique: Attackers opened fire on a pick-up truck in Nangade which forced it to stop and then they beheaded the driver and killed the six passengers with machetes (late on the 6th). North America: Mexico: Gunmen opened fire in a crowded bar in the city of Playa del Carmen, killing seven men. Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruptionn with strombolian activity. US: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck south of Tanaga Volcano, Alaska (01-05; 18:47). Parts of the Pacific Coast Highway were forced to close, as heavy rain triggered mudslides that swept downhill on to the road, near Malibu, California. Nevada was swallowed by heavy snow that stalled road travel. Heavy winds hammered Washington state, bringing down power lines and toppling trees. South America: Brazil: About 300 troops were sent to the city of Fortaleza and across the state of Ceará, where attacks on shops, banks and buses have escalated. So far about fifty suspects allegedly linked with the violence were arrested. A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck west of Tarauaca (01-05; 19:25). Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano, on Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: A high-speed stream of solar wind buffeted the Earth's magnetic field, sparking huge auroras around the Arctic Circle.

9th-10th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Yemen: A new type of Houthi attack drone targeted a Yemeni military base. In a separate incident, a bomb-laden drone launched by Yemen's Shiite rebels exploded over a military parade for the Saudi-led coalition, killing at least six and wounding at least twenty. Lebanon and Syria: A storm that battered Lebanon displaced thousands of Syrian refugees in Lebanon's Bekaa valley after their tents were flooded with water or were destroyed by snow. Food, beds and other furniture were also destroyed. Europe: Russia: Ebeko volcano, on the Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Nishinoomote (01-08; 12:39). Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: Dozens of police with automatic rifles and tear gas launchers positioned themselves along a road in the capital leading to Limete, a stronghold of the opposition candidate in the presidental election. Protests over opposition candidate's victory in the presidential election, left two police officers and two civilians dead, and ten wounded. Sudan: Clashes erupted, in the city of Omdurman, between police and demonstrators calling on longtime president to step down, leaving three protesters dead and eight wounded. North America: Mexico: About two dozen small fishing boats in Mexico's Gulf of California attacted the Sea Shepherd environmental group ship, the vessel Farley Mowat. The environmentalists were trying to protect the Vaquita marina, the world's smallest and most endangered porpoise. The fihermen threw lead weights and tried to douse the Farley Mowat and waters around it with gasoline, and were seen with illegal equipment that threatened the Vaquita. The envronmentslists used the ship's fire hose to repel the attackers. Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Strong winds produced high surf that pummeled the Southern California coastline for two days. The high-surf was the result of large swells created by storms spreading from the northern Pacific that caused dangerous conditions along the beaches of Los Angeles, and Orange and Ventura counties. Meanwhie, another storm was headed south bringing soaking rain, damaging winds, flooding and mudslides to much of the California coast. The storm would then move into the Midwest where it dumped up to 20 inches of snow, knocked power to more tha 120,000 and killed at least ten. Pacific: North: The National Weather Service warned of hurricane-force winds of 92 mph (148 kph), with waves of 50 feet (15 meters) or higher, making it very hazardous conditions for ships. The storm headed toward Alaska's Aleutian Islands. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind flowed from a southern coronal hole on the Sun and was headed for Earth.

14th - First Quarter (6h 46m) HIGH


Mideast: Iran: A Boeing 707 cargo plane crashed just west of Tehran amid severe weather conditions of heavy rain and low visibilty, killing fifteen. Europe: Russia: Chechnya launched a new crackdown on gays that left at least two dead and about forty people were arrested. Spain: Authorities rescued 493 migrants from eight rickety boats in the Mediterranean Sea, but blocked a humanitarian rescue ship from leaving the port in Barcelona, as it violated maritime regulations. Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Greece: Riot police used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse about 2,000 state school teachers protesting violently in Athens. Days earlier, the public order minister accused officers of indiscriminately attacking teachers in similar situations. Austria: An avalanche was triggered near the ski resort of Lech am Arlberg, killing three skiers from Germany. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden vehicle in the capital Kabul, near the Green Village compound, targeting an area where various organizations reside. The explosion damaged dozens of civilian homes. Four people were killed and ninety were wounded. Africa: Zimbabwe: After the government more than doubled the price of fuel overnight, thousands of proteszters took to the streets in the cities of Harare and Bulawayo. Burning tires were used to barricade roads and block bus routes, and a number of vehicles were torched. Many shops and supermarkets remained closed after mass looting. An unknown number of protesers were killed and wounded, and hundres were arrested. Chad: Violent fighting erupted between Chadian rebels and Sudanese rebels in Kouri Bougoudi. Fatalities were not yet reported. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: A powereful winter storm wreaked havoc across the Central and Mid-Atlantic states, leaving at least nine dead, massive power outages, canceled flights and hundreds of car accidents. Numerous cars were buried and roofs of houses collapsed under the weigh of the snow. A continous train of storms rolled in from the Pacific Ocean into California with heavy rain, mountain snow, gusty winds, flooding and mudslides. Burn scar areas would be most susceptible to devastating debris flows. The storms would then head further inland into the Midwest states. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: A police truck carrying men in police uniforms pulled into an impoverished neighborhood in the capital, Port-au-Prince. Then the men opened fire and were joined by local gang members. They also went house to house with guns and machetes, pulling unarmed people into alleys and killing them with single shots or machete blows, killing at least twenty-one. Solar Activity: Though the Sun was quiet there were numrous pink auroras around the Arctic Circle.

17th-18th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: ISIS militants detonated an explosive vest next to a US patrol in the Kurdish-held town of Manbij, killing nineteen. Meanwhile, extremely cold weather there was leaving many dead, especially babies. In a separte incident, an airstrike hit the ISIS-held village of Baghouz as militants and civilians were trying to flee the last area controlled by miltants, killing at least twenty. Palestine and Israel: Thousands of Palestinians again protested along the fence between Gaza and Israel. Israeli gunfire wounded fourteen Palestinians, while their ambulance was targeted with tear gas. Europe: Germany and Austria: Areas in southern Germany and Austria battled heavy snows in the past weeks in a phenomenon so extreme, it was dubbed “snow chaos”. Bavarian residents were asked to leave their homes to avoid more disasters, as the risk of avalanches was growing by the day. Residents in the village of Raiten in the region of Traunstein near the Austrian border were forced to evacuate their homes. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with lava flows. Asia: Japan: Kuchinoerabu-jima volcano underwent an explosive eruption with phreatic explosions. India: Navy divers found the body of a worker who was trapped with fourteen others inside a flooded coal mine in the state of Meghalaya. It was an illegal mine dug more than a month ago and they were trapped when floodwater from a overflowing nearby river flooded the mine. Africa: Sudan: Thousands of protesters against their present-day long-time ruler swept the country. Two people were killed in clashes between police and protesters. The protests first erupted on December 19th. In a related incident, police in the capital, Khartoum, fired live ammunition at hundreds of people mourning the death of a man killed by the security forces during the anti-government protests. Zimbabwe: Hundreds of people were assaulted and tortured, and at least twelve were killed during several days of violent protests triggered by a sharp rise in the price of gas. Moreover, another seventy-eight were treated for gunshot wounds, while more than a hundred were treated for assault, torture and dog bites at the hands of the country's security forces. Somalia: Al-Shabab militants abducted at least sixty school children from El Garas village, in Bakool Region. The childred were likely to be trained as soldiers. Australia: An extreme heatwave swept the nation for days, triggering bushfires and a rise in heat-related hospital admissions. Temperatures soared to 108 degrees F (42 C) amid a widespread and long drought. North America: US: After hammering California with rain and snow, a "blockbuster" winter storm headed for the East, where as much as 40 inches of snow would fall in some places. An Arctic blast of air triggered freezing rain, heavy snow and heavy rain through the central and eastern states. The heaviest snow hit South Dakota, Nebraska, Minnesota, Kansas, Missouri and Iowa. Then, the storm roared into the Northeast and New England the next two days, where the heaviest snow would fall. As the storm with snow and ice strengthened, gusty winds and plummeting temperatures led to blizzard conditions in some areas of the Midwest. While a winter storm churns to the north, Texas and the Mississippi Valley received a severe weather with damaging winds, hail, flooding downpours and tornadoes. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with spewing lava and volcanic ash. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Colombia: A car bomb exploded at a heavily guarded police academy in southern Bogota, killing ten and wounding dozens. The attack was an episode of the country's drug-fueled guerrilla conflict. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Northwest: Two Russian fighter jets collided while undertaking a training mission over the Sea of Japan, leaving two dead and one missing. Southwest: A 6.2 magntidute earthquake struck southwest of Lorengau, Papua New Guinea (01-17: 15:06). South: A 6.0 magntidute earthquake struck west of Isangel, Vanuatu (01-18: 13:18). East: A 6.0 magntidute earthquake struck the Northern East Pacific Rise (01-18; 16:40). Solar Activity: A coroal hole opened up on the Sun;s equator and was sending solar plasma towards Earth. Meanwhile, the Earth's magnetic field has been changing, "racing" away from its first location in Canada and heading towards Siberia.

21st - Full Moon (5h 16m MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: An ISIS suicide bomber targeted a convoy of US and allied Kurdish forces at a checkpoint near the town of Shaddadeh in the Hassakeh province, killing five and wounding an undisclosed number. The bombing came days after a suicide attack killed nineteen (see previous lunar phase). In a separate incident, Israeli jets targeted Iranian positions around Damascus. Most of the Israeli missiles were shot down, but at least eleven pro-government fighters were killed. Yemen: Five experts in removing mines were transporting mines and explosives to be destroyed when they exploded, killing all five. Europe: Russia: Two Tanzanian-flagged commercial ships caught fire in the Black Sea, killing at least fourteen sailors; five were also missing. The fire erupted when fuel was being pumped from one tanker to the other in rough seas. Asia: Afghanistan: The Taliban targeted a military base and police training center in Maidan Wardak province just outside the capital, killing at least twenty and wounding more than thirty. The four attackers were killed in an ensuing gun battle. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Bogorawatu (01-21; 23:59). Africa: Mali: Al-Qaeda militants targeted a UN camp in Aguelhok, in the Kidal region, for an attack, killing ten UN peacekeepers from Chad and wounding twenty-five. Kenya: Security forces repelled an al-Shabab militant attack northeast of the capital, Nairobi, killing at least four militants. The militants had targeted two Chinese construction companies in the town of Garissa. Zimbabwe: Opposition members were victims of a brutal crackdown in response to violent protests against a sharp rise in the price of fuel. Security forces even attacked families in their homes with claims that twelve people have been killed. North America: Mexico: A section of a gushing pipeline that was a gathering site for thieves exploded, killing at least ninety-nine and injuring fifty-eight in the town of Tlahuelilpan (on the 20th). US: Severe thunderstorms hit the deep south across Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida, and Alabama, triggering an outbreak of several tornadoes. A storm was developing that would bring snow, ice and rain to the the Midwest as the atmosphere shifted from frigid conditions to mild and back to cold again. After a blast of Arctic air, a slow-moving storm drenched the Southeast, triggering flooding and localized severe thunderstorms. South America: Venezuela: The country's National Guard was accused of launching an uprising against the government that failed. Twenty-seven members of the National Guard were arrested and protesters were held back with tear gas. Meanwhile, a nationwide protest was scheduled to drive the president from office as it appeared that he was taking the country on a path to dictatorship. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile: A 6.7 magnitude earthquakke struck south of Coquimbo (01-20; 01:32). Solar Activity: A coronal hole on the Sun was facing Earth and spewing a stream of solar wind that triggered G-1 class geomagnetic storms and Arctic auroras.

24th-25th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Yemen: Heavy fighting broke out between government-allied troops and rebels in and around the city of Hodeida. In a separate incident, a passenger vehicle triggered a mine explosion, killing a child and wounding five adults. A second mine exploded when Yemeni soldiers rushed to help the wounded, killing five more soldiers. Syria: ISIS miltants were unable to break a siege imposed by US-backed fighters, leading to fierce fighting. The fighting left thirty-four militants and sixteen Syrian Democratic Forces dead. Twenty-one ISIS miltant gunmen were taken prisoners. Earlier, a bomb exploded in the capital of Damascus causing property damage. Israel and Palestine: Once again Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man in Gaza as thousands protested along the border. In the West Bank, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian teen and wounded another as a group of men threw stones at the troops. Europe: Greece: Riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades to disperse a group outside parliament during an Athens protest of the government's moves to normalize relations with neighboring Macedonia. Thousands gathered in several cities. Mediterranean region: A "Medicane" (i.e., a Mediterrean hurricne), which is a more tropical-like cyclone moved through the Mediterranean Sea affecting numerous countries. The large and powerful storm impacted millions of people. Snow would fall from the Dinaric Alps into the interior Balkan Peninsula before expanding northward into eastern Poland, Belarus and western Ukraine. The heaviest snowfall hit the higher elevations of Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo. Some areas experienced heavy rain, tornadoes, mudslides and flooding. Austria: Hundreds marched in downtown Vienna in a protest against the far right. Rusxia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Afghanistan: An airstrike was launched on the Sangin district during heavy fighting between Afghan forces and the Taliban, killing sixteen civilians. Indonesia: A 6.4 and 6.0 magnitude earthquakes struck southwest of Bogorawatu (01-21; 23:59 and 01-22; 05:10). Africa: Sudan: Thousands again took to the streets of Khartoum seeking the resignation of the country's longtime ruler. It was referred to as the "biggest protest in memory." At least three protesters were killed and seven were injured. Somalia: The US military carried out two new airstrikes against al-Shabab militants near Jilib in the Middle Juba region, but would no longer give details on deaths or damage done. It was the same region that the deadliest airstrike in months took place, leaving fifty-rwo al-Qaida-linked extremists dead (on the 19th). Ghana: The Ghanaian government shut down the operations of a Chinese mining firm, Shaanxi, after at least sixteen miners were killed in an explosion at a mine in the Talensi District. Mali: A convoy was struck by an explosive device, killing two and wounding seven UN preacekeepers in the Mopti region. Australia: The nation was struggling to cope with the continuing record breaking heat wave, finding ninety wild horses dead in the Outback. A number of other wild animals were also dying of thirst in the Outback as reliable water sources dried up during the blistering heat. Algeria: A winter storm swept the country bringing heavy snowfall to several areas of the country and grounding numerous flights. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Canada: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck the Prince Edward Islands region (-01-22; 19:01). US: A Polar Vortex plummeted the midwestern and northeastern states with extreme cold. Temperatures were between 10 to 40 degrees lower thsn normal along with snow and ice that would last into the following week. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Brazil: A dam used to hold mining waste collapsed, flooding a nearby community in the city of Brumadinho with the reddish-brown sludge, killing at least 110 and leaving about 300 missing. There were concerns that the waste might trigger widespread contamination, as well. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano on Papua New Guinea underwent a highly explosive eruption with ash plumes raching 55,0000feet (17 km). Solar Activity: A new sunspot group AR2733, consisting of more than a dozen dark cores, emerged and turned toward Earth after quadrupling in size. The next day, a G1-class geomagnetic storm was triggered and pink auroras spread over Tromsø, Norway.

27th - Last Quarter (21h 10m) MODERATE


Mideast: Egypt: The Egyptian air force undertook airstrikes that killed several militants, including two local ISIS commanders, in the Sinai Peninsula. Iraq: An angry crowd stormed a Turkish military camp in Iraq's Kurdish region, leaving at least one dead and ten injured. Vehicles and buildings were set on fire in protest against Turkish airstrikes in the area, which have killed several people. The fires caused several explosions, while Turkish soldiers shot at the protesters. Europe: Netherlands: A gas explosion blew the facade off part of a three-story apartment building, injuring seven and damaging nearby vehicles and buildings. Russia: Shiveluch volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Philippines: Two bombs exploded minutes apart in a Roman Catholic cathedral on Jolo island, killing at least twenty-seven and wounding seventy-seven others. No group climed responsibility, though there were miltants active in the regoin. North America: US: The coldest weather in years affected millions of people and animals throughout the midwest and would continue for days. The low of 45 below zero F in International Falls, Minnesota, shattered the day’s record of 36 below zero F from 1966. Yet, the worst was to come as the polar vortex gets displaced from the Arctic Circle and dives into the Midwest. Central America: Honduras: Thousands took the streets in the capital, Tegucigalpa, and across the country, demanding the resignation of the current president. Protesters clashed with riot police and blocked roads with burning tires and barricades. The demonstrators were beaten and gased. South America: Peru: A hotel wall collapsed after a landslide crashed into a hotel during a wedding celebration in the Andean city of Abancay, killing at least fifteen and injuring at least thirty. Five days of rain had triggered the landslide. Venezuela: The country's political crisis deepened with the opposition leader declaring himself interim president after large protests, galvanising opponents of the current socialist president. Thousands continued to leave the country, most of which fled to neighboring Colombia. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck south of Ndoi Island, Fiji (01-26; 19:56). A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Chirovanga, Solomon Islands (01-26; 03:51). Atlantic: West Central: An extremely rare tornado struck Havana, Cuba, killing three and injuring at least 172. Houses were destroyed, vehciles were overturned, trees were uprooted and powerlines were knocked down. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2733 exploded, producing the strongest solar flare in nearly a year. In addition, a coronal hole opened up on the Sun and turned toward Earth, spewing a stream of solar wind in Earth's direction making G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras possible in the next few days.

30th-31st - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Europe: UK: The country braced for the coldest night of the winter so far. Temperatures dipped well below freezing, and were followed by snow and ice that caused travel delays, grounded flights and closed hundreds of schools. About 100 vehicles were stranded on highways, some for for hours, as the snow clogged roadways. Asia: Thailand: Toxic smog in Bangkok forced more than 400 schools to close for the rest of the week. It was some of the worst-ever air pollution levels, caused by ultra-fine dust particles. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Africa: Djibouti: About 130 migrants went missing off the coast when two boats capsized in rough seas. Fifty-two bodies were later found and sixteen others were rescued with the remainder still missing and believed to be dead. Somalia: A US airstrike targeted an al-Shabab miltant camp near Shebeeley in the central Hiran region, killing twenty-four of the miltants. Ghana: Masked security officers opened fire near crowds of opposition party activists, wounding at least seven. North America: US: Parts of the Midwest were colder than Antarctica during the deep freeze triggered by the Polar Vortex of frigid Arctic air. The situation brought widespread closures of schools and businesses, and multi-vehicles pile-ups were common on highways. There was also the cancelation of more than 1,600 flights just from Chicago's airports alone. Temperstures dropped to 25 to 60 degrees below zero. Railroad tracks needed to be set on fire to keep the trains moving. So far, at least eight people were killed by weather-related events. As much as two feet of snow then spread from the Great Lakes region into New England. States of emergency were declared in Wisconsin, Michigan and Illinois, and even in the Deep South states of Alabama and Mississippi. In the Great Lakes region intense lake-effect snow buried communities under feet of snow. A major storm was set to hit California, heightening the risk of flooding, mudslides and dangerous travel in the mountains. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. A 6.6 magnetude earthquake struck east of Puerto Madero (02-01; 16:14). Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Venezuela: Protesters took to the streets of the capital again to demand that the current president step down, and to support the opposition leader and interim president. Since the demonstrations began weeks ago forty protesters were killed and 850 arrested. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A huge coronal hole shifted to face the Earth, releasing huge streams of solar wind. A G1-class geomagnetic storm and green auroras were triggered, and according to NOAA forecasters it would intensify into a G2-class geomagnetic storm.





February


4th - New Moon (21h 04m) MODERATE


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Two Palestinians threw an explosive device at Israeli troops who then returned fire, killing the suspected Palestinian attacker and wounding another at a West Bank checkpoint. Europe: Italy: The National Fire Service airlifted three people after the River Reno flooded in Castel Maggiore. An avalanche was triggered near the resort of Courmayeur, kiling four. Another four were killed by avalanches a day earlier. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Karangetang volcano, on Siau Island, Sangihe Islands, underwent an explosive eruption with pyroclastic flows. A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck south of Muara Siberut (02-02; 09:27). Africa: Somalia: A car bomb exploded at a shopping mall in Mogadishu’s Hamarweyne district, killing eleven and wounding ten. It was beleived that al-Shabaab militants planted the bomb. Australia: Days of severe rainfall and 'unprecedented' flooding in north Queensland, forced authorities to issue a warning for citizens to be on the look out for crocodiles and snakes in the streets. The coastal city of Townsville was the most affected by the flooding, getting 3.2 feet (975 mm) of rainfall and leaviing at least two dead. Thousands were forced to evacuate and 17,000 were without power. Chad: France's air force joined with Chad forces to undertake airstrikes against an armed group that crossed the border from Libya. A fighter jet targeted a group of forty vehicles with two airstrikes. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, sending an ash plume 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air. US: California began recovering from a massive storm that brought heavy rain, snow, damaging winds and mudslides, and also took one life. Seattle motorists encountered a dangerous morning commute with heavy snow falling on the city. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: A boat smuggling Haitian migrants sank, killing at least twenty-eight (on the 3rd). Anther seventeen were rescued. Solar Activity: Earth was exiting a stream of solar wind that triggered a G1-class geomagnetic storm and purple auroras. Another stream of solar wind was expected later in the week.

7th-8th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Once again, thousands held demonstrations along the fence separating Gaza and Israel, where Israeli troops shot and killed two Palestinian teenagers, and wounded seventeen other protesters. Europe: Turkey: An eight-story building collapsed in Istanbul, killing at least fifteen. Another six were rescued from the rubble. UK: Storm Erik lashed the British Isles and Ireland with heavy rains and strong winds, knocking out powerlines and downing trees. Stronger winds swept the region the next day with hurricane-force gusts in some areas. At least one person was killed. Asia: India-Administered Kashmir: Heavy snow triggered avalanches and landslides killing eleven and trapping another eleven in the Himalayan region of Kashmir. The storm also disrupted air and road traffic between Srinagar and Jammu. Africa: South Africa: A gas explosion in an abandoned coal mine in Middelburg killed at least six and trapped another twenty. The incident occurred when people entered the mine to steal copper wires. Toxic fumes hampered the rescue and endangered those trapped. Chad: French warplanes, backed by the Chadian government, carried out new attacks on a heavily armed convoy from Libya who could be attempting to topple the government. The airstrikes took out twenty of fifty trucks. The Union of Forces of Resistance - a Chadian rebel group - said it was behind the incursion. Somalia: Two US airstrikez targeted al-Shabab-militant locations in the same region, killing at least fifteen of the miltants. North America: US: A massive storm battered the central and northeastern states, bringing a devastating mix of wild weather that included blizzard conditions, numerous tornadoes, ice, thunderstorms and flash floods, leaving at least five dead. It forced the closure of interstate highways, schools, universities and businesses, and left hundreds of thosands without power in sub-zero weather. According to the National Weather Service more than 20 million were threatened by devastating winter weather, and another 25 million were bracing for flooding. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. US and Canada: A major oil spill - the source of the oil leak near St. Louis - was caused by the controversial Keystone pipeline, according to TransCanada, the builder of the pipeline. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Venezuela: The first trucks with US humanitarian aid arrived in the Colombian border city of Cúcuta. The vehicles were stopped near the Tienditas bridge, which remains blocked by Venezuelan troops. The president, who is supported by the army, rejected letting the aid into the country in spite of the widespread need of basic goods. The action was widely condemned as a humanitarian crisis. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes rising 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwnt an explosive eruption with lava flows. Brazil: A fire erupted in the sleeping quarters of an academy of one of the country's biggest soccer clubs in Rio de Janeiro, killing ten and injuring three. Also in Rio, at least thirteen suspected drug traffickers were killed in a shootout with police in the Santa Teresa neighborhood. Solar Activity: While the Sun was in solar minnimum, it still brought extra cosmic rays, long-lasting coronal holes on the Sun, and pink auroras.

12th - First Quarter (22h 26m) LOW


Mideast: Syria: American-allied Syrian forces battled ISIS miltants in their last stronghold in the east. US forces targeted a mosque that was used as an ISIS militant control center. Civilian and miltant casualties were numerous but exact the exact figures were not reported. Asia: India: A Delhi hotel fire broke out killing at least seventeen, while thirty-five were rescued. The cause of the fire and why there was no fire equipment was unknown. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and ash plumes were sent 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Africa: Sudan: Hundreds of demonstrators again gatheed in different cities, protesting against the autocratic president. At least 57 people have been killed in the protests since they began in December. Nigeria: A stampede erupted at a stadium in the city of Port Harcourt when the crowd surged towards a gate after the president speech. The stampede left a number of people dead and others injuried when a partially locked gate caused people to fall and be trampled. In a separate incident, a fire broke out at an office of the country's electoral commission in Anambra state. Nearly 6,000 voters' cards were destroyed along with other election materials as the country prepared for elections. Liberia: Gunmen stole vital broadcast equipment from a radio station in the capital of Monrovia. The station was known for being critical of the government. Two weeks earlier, a similar attack on the station forced it off air for several days. Senegal: Clashes erupted in Tambacounda between supporters of rival politicians ahead of the current elections, leaving at least one dead and several injuried. Cameroon: Opposition sources said government soldiers were responsible for the burning down of a hospital in the town of Kumba, leaving at least three people burned alive. North America: US: A multifaceted winter storm brought heavy snow, gusty wind and ice from the Midwest to the Northeast, triggering power outages, and interrupting travel on the ground and in the air, affecting tens of millions. Schools, univerities and businesses were closed, as highways were blocked by massive pile-ups. The Northwest was also again slammed with snow with Seattle experiencing the snowiest month in 50 years. Here too schools, univerities and businesses were closed, as highways were blocked by massive pile-ups, and power outages were widespread. South America: Venezuela: Protesters took to the streets as humanitarian aid was still being blocked from entering the country from neighboring Colombia. Government supporters also took to the streets in Caracas, denouncing foreign intervention (US aid) in the country. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes rising 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: All seventy-eight inmates in the Aquin prison in southern Haiti escaped while police were distracted by anti-government protests nearby. Fires and barricades made by the protesters prevented police from reaching the jail. This followed six days of demonstrations against the president, that left at least four people dead. Solar Activity: Solar wind flowing from a south polar hole of the Sun might graze Earth's magnetic field in a few days.

15th-16th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Egypt: About two hundred militants attacked an army checkpoint in the northern Sinai peninsula, killing fifteen troops. The army killed seven of the extremists during the fight. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. France: For the fourteen time, several thousand "yellow vest" protesters took to the streets, in Bordeaux and numerous other cities, and were met with police who fired tear gas and brought in water cannons and a horse brigade. The larger demonstrations were marked by scattered rioting and destruction. Albania: Thousands of opposition supporters clashed with police at an anti-government rally protesting a corrupt and inefficient government. Protesters threw flares and other objects at police who used tear gas. Fifteen people were injuried, including seven policemen. Spain: About 200,000 protesters took to the streets, waving Catalan flags and shouting pro-separatist slogans in support of twelve leaders on trial. Asia: Indian-controlled Kashmir: A Pakistan-based terror group's suicide bomber used his explosives-laden vehicle to target a paramilitary convoy bus in the Pulwama district, killing at least forty-one. Africa: Nigeria: A wave of violence erupted just before the country's presidential election, leaving at least sixty-six dead in Nigeria's Kaduna state. The election was postponed for at least a week in an attempt to quell the violence. The next day, an attack took place in Borno state, targeting a mosque during morning prayers, killing four civilians. The attack was undertaken by Boko Haram miltants, three of which were killed when troops repelled the attack. Burkina Faso: A bomb hidden in a corpse, dressed in military uniform, exploded, killing two Burkinabe soldiers in the town of Djibo near the border with Mali. Zimbabwe: Heavy flooding caused a dam wall to collapse allowing water to rushed into nearby mining tunnels in the outskirts of Kadoma, trapping miners. Eight of the miners were rescued, but more than sixty remained trapped and were feared to be dead. North America: US: An employee in an industrial park in Aurora, Illinois, shot and killed five co-workers and injuried five officers, before being killed. A major storm fueled by an "atmospheric river" dumped heavy rains on parts of California, triggering massive mudslides that buried houses, triggered widespread flooding and forced water rescues. Flooding impacts stretched from areas north of San Francisco's Bay Area to San Diego county. Entire sections of highways were washed away, houses were destroyed and at least fifty homes were forced to evacuate. In the Midwest heavy snowfall triggered a massive pile up on Interstate 70 just east of Kansas City, forcing the closure of the highway. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity and sending ash plumes rising 21,000 feet (6,400 m) into the air. Gunmen burst into a bar in the city of Cancun and opened fire, killing five and wounding five. South America: Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes rising 18,000 feet (5,500 m) into the air. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: Haitians vowed to keep protesting until the president resigns. Many of the protests turned violent, clashing with police in Port-au-Prince and elsewhere. Protesters blocked roads across Haiti as food, water and gas became scarce and schools, businesses and government offices remained closed. North: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (02-14; 19:57). Pacific: West: A tropical storm began to develop over the waters southeast of Guam, threatening Guam and Northern Mariana Islands. South: Tropical Cyclone Oma strengthened into a Category 2 tropical cyclone. Squally rain bands began streaming across Vanuatu and would later sweep New Caledonia. Widespread flooding triggered mudslides, along with sporadic wind damage and power outages, and rough seas. Flooding was so great in North Queensland, Australia, that it caused sediment runoff to flood into the waters of the Great Barrier Reef. Solar Activity: Earth swept through a stream of solar wind that sparked bright auroras over the Arctic Circle. A coronal hole opened up on the Sun, bringing with it a chance of G1-class geomagnetic storms later in the week.

19th - Full Moon (15h 54m) MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: Hundreds of ISIS militants were hiding among civilians on a small hill on the banks of the Euphrates River. The Syrian Democratic Forces encircled them waiting to declare the territorial defeat of ISIS. The miltants were preventing civilians from leaving the area as a safety net, assuming the civilians' presence would stop the advance of the Syrian Democratic Forces. Israel and Palestine: Clashes broke out at a contested Jerusalem holy site, which is considered by Jews as the Temple Mount and by Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary. Dozens of Palestinians participated in a prayer protest, attempting to breach a section of the site, when clashes broke out with numerous Palesstinians being injuried. Israeli police arrested nineteen Palestinians. Europe: France: Thousands protested against anti-Semitism across the country in sixty cities sparked by a spate of anti-Semitic attacks. About fifty political parties, unions and associations endorsed the protests. Switzerland: An avalanche took place at a popular ski resort in the Swiss Alps, injuring four, one seriously. About 240 rescuers were continuing to search the scene as it was suspected that as many as twelve where caught up in the avalanche and may be buried. Italy: Mount Etna volcano uderwent a mildly explosive eruption with lava flows and ash plumes. It also triggered a 4.8 magnitude earthquake. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Afghanistan, India and Pakistan: One of the strongest storms of the winter unleashed torrential rainfall, heavy mountain snow and locally severe thunderstorms on millions. It would continue into mid-week. Africa: Egypt: A suicide bomber targeted an area near the Khan el-Khalili bazaar in the heart of Cairo, killing at least three policemen, and wounding another two and a woman shopping at the bazaar. In a separate incident, security forces killed sixteen militants in two raids in the city of el-Arish on the Sinai peninsula. They also seized weapons, ammunition and explosive belts. It seems that the miltants were planning a series of attacks against vital locations and important people in the area. North America: US: Back-to-back storms blasted an area from the Plains to the Upper Midwest with heavy snow. The first storm began over the High Plains of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska and eastern Colorado. The snow would continue into mid-week in the Upper Midwest. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano undeerwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Namatanai, Papua New Guinea (02-17; 14:35). South: Tropical Cyclone Oma strengthened into a Category 3 tropical cyclone and began battering New Caledonia with heavy rain, strong winds, widespread flooding, mudslides, piwer outages and rough seas. Oma was then expected to target New Zealand and Australia later in the week. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind eminating from a equatorial coronal hole hit Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras.

22nd-23rd - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria and Iraq: ISIS militants were facing defeat in Syria and as a result they slipped across the border into Iraq, destabilizing its fragile security. Another 150 ISIS miltants were delivered to Iraqi officials by the Syrian Democratic Forces, bringing the total to 650 over the last few days. Palestine and Israel: Once again, Israeli gunfire killed a Palestinian teenager at a protest along Gaza-Israel border fence. At the same time, thousands descended on the contested site of Jerusalem. Another thirty protesting Palestinians were wounded as well. Europe: Adriatic Sea and Croatia: Hurricane-force force winds swept across the Croatian Adriatic coast with winds toppling trees, damaging vehilces and shattering windows. Wind gusts in the region of the Adriatic port of Split reached 118 mph (191 kph). Across the Adriatic, near Italy, the Turkish cargo ship Efe Murat was driven aground due to strong winds. Asia: India: At least 99 people died and another fifty fell sick after drinking tainted liquor in two separate incidents in Golaghat and Jorhat districts in Assam state. Bangladesh: A fast-moving fire swept through a historic district of Dhaka, killing at least seventy-eight people. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 9,000 feet (2,700 m) into the air. Africa: Sudan: Facing deadly protests, the country's president declared a state of emergency for a year, disbanded the federal government and replaced all state governors with senior army officers. Algeria: Thousands of protesters took to the streets in several towns to denounce the country's ailing president's bid for a fifth term. Protesters used tires and other materials to block some streets in Akbou. Mozambique: Gunmen attacked a convoy of vehicles belonging to an American oil and gas company, killing one and wounding four. Nigeria: After a long delay the contry began counting votes in the presidential election. However, the election was mared by an extremist attack and other election-related killings. One soldier was killed and four were wounded, and another six people killed who the army described as "political hoodlums" after troops were ambushed at a barricaded road in Abonnema. It was also mared by multiple blasts in Maiduguri, torched ballot boxes, soldiers firing on suspected vote-snatchers and people illegally selling their votes for the price of a cup of coffee. North America: US: A powerful winter storm headed for the Upper Midwest, while drenching rains pounded the South, triggeing widespread flooding and at least five tornadoes. The tornadoes destroyed or damaged vehilces and houses, and killed one in Mississippi. The winds of the storm made it seem more like a hurricane. The storm already delivered record snowfall to Las Vegas and Arizona and then moved east. Winter storm watches were posted for an area that stretched from the Plains into the Great Lakes. In Wisconsin the snowfall reached whiteout conditions, triggering a 131-vehicle pile-up. Much of the Southeast was already saturated when the rains made matters worse. A mudslide forced the closure of a major road in Tennessee, after a large chunk of road was washed away during heavy rain. Vehicles were also washed down the road in a mudslide. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano undeerwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Venezuela: Clashes erupted near Venezuela's border with Brazil, leaving at least two dead and several injuried. Troops opened fire on protesters who tried to block a road with the aim of preventing military vehicles from passing. The military was preventing humanitarian aid from entering the country. Humanitarian aid trucks crossing into Venezuela were 'incinerated,' as military defections grew. Eventually, more than 100 troops defected. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption with ash plumes rising 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air; the following day they reached to 23,000 feet (7,000 m). Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck near the city of Guayaquil, located near the central border of Peru and Ecuador east of Palora (02-22; 10:17). While it caused some major damages, only minor injuries were reported. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: West: Typhoon Wutip developed into a powerful storm packing maximum sustained winds of 120 mph (193 kph). Wutip threatened Guam with six to eight inches (15-20 cm) of rain and powerful winds of 170 mph (274 kph) as it strengthened the following day into a category 4 super typhoon. Solar Activity: The solar wind triggered major geomagnetic activity and a huge number of auroras. The next day, a huge coronal hole opened up on the Sun and faced Earth.

26th - Last Quarter (11h 28m) MODERATE


Europe: Albania: Supporters of the opposition party threw flares and set a car tire on fire outside the country's parliament in an attempt to prevent lawmakers from entering, calling for the government to quit. Police used tear gas to disperse the protesters. UK: Numerous fire crews began tackling a huge fire in Saddleworth Moor in West Yorkshire, during a record temperature for the warmest winter day for a second time. The fire could be seen for miles and was described as "apocalyptic". Asia: India and Pakistan: India launched airstrikes against a terrorist group in Pakistan as a response to a suicide bomber that killed forty armed police in Kashmir. India claimed that a large number of the miltants had been killed, while Pakistan claimed that there were no casualties. However, tensions rose between the two countries as a result. North Sulawesi: Dozens of people were buried by a landslide in an unlicensed gold mine. At least one was found dead and thirteen were injuried of the sixty buried in the landslide. Africa: Somalia: US military airstrikes targeted al-Shabab miltants, killing at least twenty. A day earlier, an airstrike also killed another thirty-five al-Shabab miltants. Mozambique: An illegal open mine collapsed in an area of Cabo Delgado province, killing eleven, while thirteen others were rescued. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Millions of gallons of water were released at the Wilson Dam in Florence, Alabama, after heavy rainfall drenched the area, increasing water levels in Wilson Lake. Throughout the South, from southeastern Texas and Louisiana to Florida, the flood-weary south got more heavy rain. Locally strong thunderstorms also brought gusty winds and hail. An atmospheric river continued to bring drenching rain and mountain snow over Northern California and central and southern Oregon. In California it triggered widcespread flooding and mudslides. The region around the Russian River was completely inundated with more than 2,000 homes and businesses underwater. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano undeerwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 29,000 feet (8,800 m) into the air. Solar Activity: A spotless Sun brought extra cosmic rays, long-lasting coronal holes on the Sun, and pink auroras.





March


1st-2nd - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: A suicidde bomber targeted the inside of a restaurant in the city of Idlib, killing at least seven and wounded dozens. The next day, al-Qaida-linked militants shot dead eight men suspected of being members of ISIS. In a separate incident, Kurdish-led SDF forces laid siege on the city of Baghuz, the last stronghold of ISIS miltants. SDF fighters advanced on two fronts amid intense fighting with the militants. Europe: UK and Western Europe: A fierce storm - Storm Freya - strengthened and headed for the UK with hurricane-force winds. Rough seas, damage to buildings and trees, travel disruption and power outages were widespread, as were risks of injury and dead. Storm Freya then moved into western Europe. Italy: Tens of thousands marched in Milan against the policies of the populist government in Rome that is said to promote racism. Asia: Malaysia: Thirty-four Muslim Rohingya women and children were found stranded along a beach in Kangar, the capital of Perlis state. Authorities believe that they were trafficked into Thailand from Bangladesh, before heading to Malaysia, and that it was the trafficers who left them there. Indonesia: Ibu Volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Dukono volcano, also on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Afghanistan: Taliban militants attacked a corps of security forces in Helmand province, killing forty and wounding another twenty, after a 40-hour battle in the Wahser district. The Taliban used three suicide bombers and lost another twenty-two gunmen. India and Pakistan: Indian and Pakistani soldiers again targeted each other's posts and villages along the frontier in the disputed Kashmir region, killing at least six civilians and two Pakistani troops. Japan: Sakurajima volcano, on the island of Kyushu, underwent an explosive eruption. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Nemuro (03-02; 03:22). Africa: Algeria: Tens of thousands of protesters again took to the streets in Algeirs and other cities to protest the current president's bid for a fifth term. Protesters pushed past a barricade and defied tear gas fired by police. Most were peaceful, but a small group threw stones at police. An undisclosed number of people were injuried. Somalia: A siege by al-Shabab militants took place in the heart of Mogadishu ending with all of the militants killed, with the death toll reaching twenty-four and expected to climb. It started off with two car bombs and then gunmen opened fire at nearby buildings and businesses. Dozens of cars caught on fire and buildings were damaged. Mali: Malian soldiers drove over a roadside bomb in Boulkessy, located in the Mopti region, leaving nine dead. Nigeria: A leaking oil pipeline exploded, triggering a stampede in the Nembe kingdom in Bayelsa state. After the incident more than fifty people were missing. North America: US: Traffic was at a standstill on Interstate-70 as a winter storm warning as well as an avalanche watch were in effect in Colorado. Another storm headed for the South with damaging thunderstorms and more flooding, as rivers continue to rise from the previous storm. Tornadoes swept through the South hitting Alabama espcially hard, leaving at least twenty-eight dead and dozens missing. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Peru: A powerful 7.0 magnitide earthquake struck north of Azangaro (03-01; 08:50). Atlantic: West Central: A Norwegian Cruise Line's ship was struck by a sudden, "extreme" gust of wind that registered about 115 mph (185 kph). This caused the ship to tip on its side sending objects crashing into passengers injuring nunerous passengers. Solar Activity: For the third day in a row, Earth was inside a stream of solar wind flowing from a wide coronal hole, triggering geomagnetic storms and Artic auroras.

6th - New Moon (16h 04m) HIGH


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Gunfire erupted during nighttime skirmishes along Gaza-Israel frontier, leaving one Palestian teen dead. Syria: About 400 ISIS militants were caught attempting to slip out of Baghuz with the help of smugglers. Hundreds of others surrendered and evacuated the village, their last stronghold in Syria. Iraq: It was discovered that about 1,500 children were being detained by federal and Kurdish authorities for alleged links to ISIS miltants. Human Rights Watch reported that the children were often arrested and tortured to force confessions. Europe: France: Prison guards blocked access to eighteen prisons after an inmate in the north of the country wounded two guards in what was called a terrorist attack. Numerous: After Storm Freya battered France with strong winds and rain, another storm arrived. The new storm was named Laura with downpours impacting locations from France to Spain and Portugal, triggering widespread flooding and damaging winds. Asia: India and Pakistan: Indian and Pakistani soldiers shelled military outposts and villages along the disputed Kashmir region. This new violence occurred despite stepped-up diplomatic efforts to ease tensions. North Korea: The country began rebuilding the Sohae rocket launch site it had pledged to dismantle, igniting international tensions. Indonesia: Karangetang volcano, on Siau Island, Sangihe Islands, underwent an explosive eruption with pyroclastic flows and sending ash plumes 9,000 feet (2,700 m) into the air. Africa: Kenya: Police used tear gas and batons to disperse striking workers at the main international airport in Nairobi. Thousands of passengers were stranded at four main airports, and about sixty flights failed to take-off. North America: US: The Deep South and Southeast were targeted by the Arctic outbreak gripping the Midwest and Northeast, causing another widespread hard freeze to emerge. South America: Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 12,000 feet (3,700 m) into the air. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sending ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of L'Esperance Rock, New Zealand (03-06; 15:46). Solar Activity: A new sunspot - AR2734 - emerged on the Sun's northern hemisphere. Meanwhile, a coronal hole was sending a solar wind stream towards Earth.

9th-10th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Gunfire erupted during another protest along the Gaza-Israel border, leaving one Palestian dead and forty-four others injuried. The Israeli military also clashed in a West Bank village earlier in the day. Yemen: Fighting again erupted between the Houthi rebels who hold the city and government-backed troops in the port city of Hodeida, where fires were ignited and artillery fire shook buildings. It was the first clash since a cease fire was agreed on past December. Syria: The Syrian Democratic Forces attacked the last ISIS militant enclave in the town of Baghuz. It appeared to be the final assualt on ISIS militants in the region. Europe: Ukraine: A clash broke out between the Ukrainian police and far right-wing demonstrators, leaving at least fifteen of the officers injuried. The clash took place in the city of Cherkasy, after the demonstrators rushed a stage were a presidental candidate was speaking. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows and sent ash plumes 34,000 feet (10,400 m) into the air. Also on the peninisula, Karymsky Volcano underwent highly explosive eruptions and sent ash plimes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Asia: Japan: A ferry collided with a marine animal off the coast of Sado Island, injuring more than eighty. Myanmar: The Arakan Army rebel group attacked a police station in the state of Rakhine, killing nine policemen. Philippines: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck north of Santa Monica (03-08; 15:06). Africa: Algeria: The largest demonstration yet, protesting against the rule of their president, were staging huge demonstrations in the capital, Algiers, and other cities. Madagascar and Mozambique: Tropical Cyclone Idai was moving across the Mozambique Channel where it was strengthening and bringing heavy flooding rain and strong winds to Madagascar and parts of the Mozambique coast. It was forecast to continue for the next few days. Ethiopia: A jetliner took off from Addis Ababa and was unable to ascend effectively, forcing a distress call from the pilot. On attempting to return to the airport the plane crashed, killing all 157 passengers, who were from thirty-five different countries. North America: US: A flight that was bound for John F. Kennedy International Airport hit extreme turbulence, injuring dozens of passengers. More than one hundred people became stranded on the ice of Lake Erie just off Catawba State Park after a piece of ice broke loose. The local officials had to rescue all of them. An EF-1 tornado was reported over Pulaski County, Arkansas leaving extensive damage. In Springhill, Louisiana the roofs of buildings were torn off and sparks flew from power lines due to a tornado. Another major snowstorm with blizzard conditions buried much of the northern Plains and Upper Midwest. South America: Venezuela: Opposition and government loyalists held rival demonstrations in Caracas, in what could be a protracted power struggle. Power and communications blackouts made matters worse, amid severe shortages of basic needs. Colombia: A plane crashed en route to the city of Villavicencio after declaring an emergency, killing all fourteen on board. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano on Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck south of Kulumadau, Papua New Guinea (3-10; 12:48). South: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Lambasa, Fiji (03-10; 08:12). Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2734 erupted, producing a C1-class solar flare, and sent a pair of coronal mass ejections towards Earth. The next day the sunspot erupted again.

14th - First Quarter (10h 27m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: A "large number" of ISIS militants surrendered a day after intense fighting in the last speck of land at the edge of the village of Baghouz. Israel and Palestine: Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired two rockets toward Tel Aviv. In response, Israeli warplanes attacked militant targets in the southern Gaza Strip. The attack caused no damage or injuries, but it was a significant escalation of the violent tensions between the two. Europe: Mediterranean: Forty-five migrants died trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Spain, while twenty-one others were rescued. UK: Enormous waves surged over the coast as a major storm moved through Northern Ireland, where winds reached hurricane-force in some areas. Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: India: A pedestrian bridge in Mumbai that connected a train station with a road collapsed, killing at least five people and injuring more than thirty. New Zealand: A gunman stormed into two mosques in Christchurch and opened fire, killing fifty. Africa: Nigeria: A three-story school building collapsed in Lagos with about 100 children inside. At least eight were killed, but many more were still among the rubble, where there were also apartments housing families and shops. Fifty people were rescued. Mozambique and Malawi: Tropical Cyclone Idai headed for landfall near Beira, and brought more devastation to an area already flooded by heavy rains. The storm - packing winds of 140 mph (225 kph) - affected 500,000 in one of the nation's largest cities. Malawi was also at risk after it was pelleted by heavy rains. Heavy rains have already killed about 100 people in Mozambique and Malawi. North America: US: A "bombogenesis" or bomb cyclone began traveling east, unleashing snow, rain, lightning and powerful winds through the midwest. The National Weather Service called it an "historic March blizzard." Severe thunderstorms progressed eastward across the Ohio and lower Mississippi valleys, spreading heavy rains and thunderstorms that brought flooding, damaging wind gusts and tornadoes. This storm and melting snow were expected to bring widespread flooding well into Spring 2019. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Brazil: Two men carrying guns, knives and crossbows, opened fire at a school in a suburb of Sao Paulo, killing five students and two adults before taking their own lives (on the 13th). Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Bolivia: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Cliza (03-15; 05:03). Solar Activity: A large coronal hole opened up on the Sun and was spewing a stream of solar wind towards Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms and Arctic auroras.

17th-18th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: A Palestinian killed two Israelis and seriously wounded another in the West Bank before fleeing, setting off a massive manhunt. Europe: UK: Downpours forced twenty-six flood warnings for England, mostly in Yorkshire, and five for Wales. The floods destroyed vehicles and forced evacuations. Three teenagers were crushed in Northern Ireland after a crowd trying to get into a Saint Patrick's Day event crushed the teens. Netherlands: An armed man opened fire on a tram in Utrecht, killing three and wounding five. The motive was unknown, but the shooter was found and arrested. Asia: Afghanistan: An overnight attack by Taliban militants on checkpoints in Qaisar district, set off a fierce gunbattle that left twenty-two Afghan troops dead and twenty wounded. In an ongoing battle in the Bala Murghab district, in which the military carried out airstrikes, sixteen were killed and twenty wounded. At least forty militants were also killed. Indonesia: A 5.5 magnitude earthquake struck the island of Lombok near a popular waterfall, killing two, injuring dozens and damaging or destroying about five hundred houses. The quake triggered a landslide from Mount Rinjani that hit dozens of tourists at the Tiu Kelep waterfall. In a separate incident, days of torrential downpours triggered flash floods and mudslides that left at least seventy-nine dead, thousands homeless and destroyed roads, homes and bridges in several areas of Papua province's Jayapura district. At least another seventy-four were injuried and at least sixty were missing. Pakistan: A bomb exploded aboard a moving train, killing at least three passengers, wounding seven others and damaging five cars. Africa: Zimbabwe and Mozambique: The effects of Cyclone Idai were still being felt (see previous lunar phase) when a landslide was triggered sending rocks down a mountain and knocking over a wall of a dormatory, killing at least thirty-one. The storm knocked out power and communications in Manicaland province, along the border with Mozambique, where about twenty-one people were killed. More than 120 people have died and many more are missing in Mozambique and neighbouring Zimbabwe. Cyclone Idai may have killed more than a thousand people in Mozambique, claims the country's president. The cyclone caused "massive and horrifying" damage destroying more than 90% of Beira, which was a coastal city in central Mozambique. The storm left much of Mozambique under water and 400,000 homeless. Floods and rains swept away hundreds of homes in the eastern and western parts of Zimbabwe. Weakened the storm headed for Kenya. Mali: Heavily armed men attacked a camp in the village of Dioura, killing at least twenty-three soldiers. Nigeria: Another building partially collapsed during a demolition exercise in Lagos Island; the third building to collapse in a week. Four people were injuried and rescued from the rubble. Democratic Republic of Congo: A freight train overturned in Kasai province, killing at least twenty-four and injuring another thirty stowaways. Several of the train's cars fell into a river and had not been searched - the number of victims could rise as a result. North America: US: Heavy rainfall and snowmelt triggered dangerously high water in creeks and rivers across several Midwestern states, forcing thousands to evacuate. The Missouri and Mississippi Rivers alone hit historic record-high levels in many areas, and left at least three dead and two missing. Roads and bridges were destroyed, houses were flooded, vehicles were swept away, and ice jammed waterways. It appeared that more of the same would follow in the coming days. In Deer Park, Texas a huge fire broke out at a chemical plant that would burn for four days. Residents were ordered to stay inside in order to escape the toxic fumes. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A sunspot was growing rapidly on the Sun's northern hemisphere. A G1-class geomagnetic storm sparked strong auroras around the Arctic Circle.

20th Vernal Equinox and 21st - Full Moon (01h 43m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Once again clashes erupted on the West Bank, leaving two Palestinian men dead. The Israeli military claimed that explosive devices were thrown from a car at troops guarding Jewish worshippers at Joseph's Tomb in the city of Nablus. In a separate incident, near Ramallah, a Palestinian attacked Israeli forces, leaving two Israeli troops dead and the attacker was also killed. Iraq: A ferry overturned on the Tigris River near Mosul, drowning at least ninety-four. The death toll was expected to rise. Fifty-five others were rescued. Europe: Italy: A bus driver abducted fifty-one children and their school chaperones, and threatened their lives for nearly an hour. He then set the bus on fire, while police rescued the children. Turkey: A moderate 5.7 magnitude earthquake struck the southwest, centered on the town of Acipayam in Denizli province (03-20; 06:34). Several homes were completely destroyed, a hospital was evacuated, schools were closed, and several people were injuried by falling debris. Asia: Indonesia: Bromo Volcano, on the island of East Java, underwent an explosive eruption. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. China: A fertiliser chemical plant in Yancheng exploded after a fire broke out, killing at least six and injuring thirty. The blast brought down nearby factory buildings, trapping workers, and also damaged or destroyed vehicles. Afghanistan: Three bombs exploded in the Kabul during the Nowruz, Persian New Year celebrations, leaving at least six dead and twenty-three wounded. Remote-controlled explosive devices were placed in the washroom of a mosque, a hospital and an electric meter. ISIS claimed responsibility. Africa: Cameroon: Fifteen students who are members of the University of Buea football team were kidnapped by gunmen. It was unknown who the kidnappers were and why they abducted the students. Australia: Tropical Cyclone Veronica went from an unnamed tropical low to a Category 4 intense tropical cyclone in less than a day. It was located off the northwestern coastline of Western Australia and was expected to turn southward toward the Pilbara Coast in a couple of days. Meanwhile, Tropical Cyclone Trevor - strengthened into a Category 3 tropical cyclone - made landfall on the Cape York Peninsula, causing damage to homes, and triggering power outages, rough seas and flooding from torrrential rains. Trevor was expected to restrengthen significantly once in the Gulf of Carpentaria, reaching Category 4 strength and hitting the Northern Territory. North America: US: A storm began to undergo rapid strengthening and would bring drenching rain, coastal flooding, strong winds and heavy snow to parts of the Northeast and become the next bomb cyclone. The Central US remained underwater and would so for weeks to come, as historic river flooding continued and would so well into April. Yet, the damages have already cost over $1 billion so far. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Brazil: Gunmen fired on trucks transporting uranium fuel to a nuclear plant as they drove past a rough, Frade neighborhood in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Police escorting the convoy returned fire, the gunmen fled and the uranium reached its destination. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa Volcano uderwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano on the island of Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption. South: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck east of Luganville, Vanuatu (03-20; 15:23). Numerous: A "supermoon" - a Full Moon that is closer to Earth that other Full Moons, and the Earth, Sun and the Moon are in close alignment - contributed to bringing high tides and coastal flooding in areas prone to high water in the US, Uk and especailly Africa. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection (CME), caused by an explosion in the magnetic canopy of sunspot AR2736, hurled a C4-class solar flare towards Earth. The CME caused a shortwave radio "brownout" over southern parts of Europe and all of Africa It was expected to trigger a G2-class geomagnetic storm(s) and auroras. The rapidly-growing active region of sunspot AR2736 stretches across more than 62,000 miles (100,000 km) of the solar surface and contains multiple dark cores larger than the Earth.

24th-25th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Once again clashes erupted on the West Bank, leaving one Palestinian dead and two others wounded. Hundreds of Palestinians had gathered for protests, some of whom threw stones and firebombs toward Israel. In response, Israeli military aircraft targeted two Hamas observation posts in the southern Gaza Strip. The next day, Israeli forces struck targets across the Gaza Strip in response to a rocket attack from the Palestinian territory, destroying numerous buildings. Iran: Heavy rains triggered widespread flooding, killing at least forty-four and injuring ninety-four. The areas most affected were the city of Shiraz, and other areas like Lorestan, Kermanshah, Golestan and Mazandaran. Hundreds of vehicles were swept away and thousands of homes were underwater. Yemen: A missile hit a gas station near the entrance of the Kitaf rural hospital, iiling at least eight, five of which were children. Europe: Belarus: About 2,000 protesters of the government demonstrated in Minsk. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Norway: A Norwegian cruise ship was battered by strong winds and rough waves when its engine failed while off the coast. About 1,300 passengers and crew were rescued by airlifts using helicopters, and several ships also evacuated the cruise ship. France: Protesters gathered in city of Le Mans setting tires on fire, and pushing a burning caravan at police near city hall. The police responded by firing rubber pellets into the crowd, driving back between 300 and 500 protesters. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck east of Bitung (03-24; 04:37). Australia: The second major cyclone of the week - Cyclone Veronica - made landfall on the Northern Territory coast with torrential rains, major flooding, strong winds and rough seas with storm surge flooding. A Category 3 storm, Veronica had sustained winds of 135 mph (220 kph). Africa: Mali: An ethnic Dogon militia attacked an ethnic Peuhl village, killing at least 134, wounding fifty-five and burning down their homes. Sudan: An explosion took place near a military facility in Omdurman, killing eight children and wounding eight others who were searching for scrap metal in the area. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent a highly explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Residents, headed for cover as Frisco, Texas was pelleted by large hail, knocking out windows, and damaging homes and vehicles. A tornado touched down south of Saint Louis, Missouri. Thunderstorms pummeled a large area of the south, producing damaging winds and golf-ball-sized and baseball-sized hail. Heavy fog triggered a massive thirty vehicle pileup in Los Angeles County, California. At least thirty people were injured. South America: Brazil: Communities in the state of Minas Gerais were ordered to evacuate, after it was found that one of its dams could collapse at any moment. Tropical Storm Iba developed and began strengthening off the coast of Brazil, near the states of Bahia, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro. It was the first tropical storm in the region in nearly a decade. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa Volcano uderwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Colombia: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of El Dovio (03-23; 19:21). Solar Activity: Numerous holes opened up on Sun and were facing Earth, spewing a stream of solar wind in the direction of Earth. Meanwhile, a coronal mass ejection triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras.

28th - Last Quarter (04h 10m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Europe: Russia: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck east of Ozernovskiy (03-28; 22:06). Asia: Bangladesh: A high-rise office building in Dhaka caught on fire, killing at least nineteen and injuring about seventy others. It was unknown what caused the fire. Indonesia: Bromo Volcano, on the island of East Java, unerwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 10,000 feet (3,000 m) into the air. Africa: Somalia: A car bomb exploded outside a crowded restaurant in Mogadishu, killing sixteen and wounding seventeen. The al-Shabab militant group claimed responsibility. Libya: A merchant ship was hijacked by migrants it had rescued off Libya's coast. When the migrants realized they were being taken back to Lybia they highjacked the ship. The ship was later captured by the Armed Forces of Malta and arrived at a port in Malta. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent a highly explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: A snowstorm began sweeping across portions of the Rockies and northern Plains, as cold air plunged into the region. Temperatures plummetted by 20 to 40 degrees F. Central America: Guatemala: A truck ploughed into a crowd viewing the scene of an accident in the iown of Nahuala. The truck killed at least eighteen and injuried nineteen. The driver then fled the scene and was later arrested by police, following a high speed chase. Solar Activity: The Earth entered a stream of high-speed solar wind, triggering geomagnetic storms and Arctic auroras.

31st-April 1st - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: A mortar attack took place near the town of Afrin, killing a Turkish soldier and wounding another. The Turkish ministry of defense claimed that it was terrorists and struck back shelling terrorist targets. Israel and Palestine: Militants fired five rockets from Hamas-ruled Gaza into Israel. A day earlier, Palestinian mass protests again took place along the Israel-Gaza perimeter fence. And again, Israeli soldiers shot dead four Palestinians and wounded sixty-four others. This took place as negotations were underway for a cease fire. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Nepal: A powerful rainstorm swept through the south, leaving at least twenty-eight dead and more than four-hundred injured. The deaths and injuries were the result of wind-blown objects, collapsing huts and falling trees. Strong winds flipped cars and blew a bus carrying at least 40 people off a highway. Philippines: Police, backed by army troops, were authorized to do home searches in a city and two towns in Negros Oriental province. Fourteen suspected communist rebels were killed after they opened fire during the raids. However, a rights groups said that the men were farmers and that these were the latest victims of extra-judicial killings. China: A scrap metal container exploded in the city of Kunshan in Jiangsu province, killing at least seven and injuring seven. The explosion also caused a fire that spread to a nearby workshop. In a separate incident, at least thirty-one firefighters were killed while battling a forest fire in the mountains of western Sichuan province that was ignited by lightning. Afghanista: The country's vice president escaped unharmed after Taliban ambushed his convoy, while traveling form northern Balkh to neighboring Zawzjan province. However, a security guard was killed, and two others were wounded in the attack. In a separate incident, heavy rains triggered flash floods that killed at least thirty-two people and destroyed thousands of homes. The disaster increased the suffering of hundreds of thousands who last year had been forced out of their homes because of severe drought in the region. In a separate incident, Taliban militants stormed checkpoints in the north and west, killing at least eight security forces. One attack set off an hours-long gunbattle. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Mauritius: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Port Mathurin (04-01; 18:39). Australia: A new tropical threat was developing and was set to strengthen in and around the Timor Sea. Africa: South Africa: A group of unemployed citizens protested foreign-owned shops in Durban. About fifty people sought shelter at a police station after being forced out of their homes in the night. Amid the disorder three people were left dead. Algeria: Hundreds of thousands took to the streets to demand the resignation of the country's president. Police fired tear gas at crowds as they attempted to reach the president's headquarters. Nigeria: Attacks took place in several villages in the Shinkafi area in the state of Zamfara, leaving at least twenty-eight dead; other sources say forty or more were killed. North America: US: A strengthening coastal storm was developing and would sideswipe the Eastern Seaboard with heavy rain, strong winds and rough seas, later in the week. A wildfire began spreading in near Allanton, Florida, forcing the evacuation of dozens of homes. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sending ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. South America: Brazil: Thousands of demonstrators took to the streets in several major cities and ten states to protest the 55th anniversary of the coup that ushered in the country's 1964-1985 military regime. A dam in Oriente Novo collapsed after a waterspout damaged its structure. Fortunately, no one was hurt or killed, though the gushing water did some damage. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sending ash plumes 21,000 feet (6.400 m) in the air. Chile-Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Ecuador: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck north of Santa Elena (03-31; 07:04). Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection began spewing a stream of solar wind in the direction Earth. A new sunspot, AR2737, was growing on the Sun's northern hemisphere.





April/b>


See last entry in March for April 1st events.


5th - New Moon (8h 58m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Libya: Eastern Libyan troops advanced into the southern outskirts of Tripoli where fighting against the government took place near the former international airport. They controlled the airport by nightfall. Militias in western Libya fought back capturing about 100 soldiers and undertook an airstrike on one of their positions. Israel and Palelstine: Thousands of Palestinians protested along the perimeter fence between Israel and the militant Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip. Once again violence brokeout as dozens of Palestinians approached the barrier, setting tires on fire and throwing rocks, as well as explosives at the fence. Israeli troops responded with tear gas and live bullets, wounding eighty-three Palestinians. Europe: Greece: Police pushed back hundreds of migrants who gathered near the city of Thessaloniki hoping to enter North Macedonia. It all started when social media spread fake news that suggested travel restrictions had been lifted. Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows and sending ash plumes 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air. Asia: South Korea: A national emergency was declared in response to one of the largest wildfires on record. More than 4,000 people were evacuated and at least one person was killed. Thousands of soldiers were brought in to help firefighters battle the blaza. A spark from a transformer near Goseong in Gangwon Province triggered the fire that was then fanned by strong winds. Indonesia: Ibu volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Africa: Mali: Tens of thousands protested in the capital, Bamako, against rising ethnic and militant violence. Many demonstrators held signs calling on the president to step down. Algeria: Thousands of protesters again took to the streets in Algeria demanding an end to the regime. North America: Mexico: A massive blackout has struck across the Yucatan Peninsula where there are several million people. The failure was caused by a brushfire that damaged high-voltage transmission lines. It was not yet known what caused the fire. US: A storm brought heavy rain that triggered flash flooding in several parishes in southern Louisiana. Meanwhile, a new storm developed that would elevate the risk of flooding, while additional storms would trigger long-term flooding over parts of the south-central and southeastern US. South America: Brazil: Heavy rains in the northeast killed at least three and displaced 3,600 people. The rain fell overnight in the Piaui state capital of Teresina, flooding a neighborhood. Paraguay: About 20,000 people were forced to evacuate their homes due to rising waters of the Paraguay River. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: A 6.5 magnitdue earthquake struck north of Visokoi Island, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (04-05; 16:14). Solar Activity: The Earth was inside a stream of solar wind that triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras around the Arctic Circle.

8th-9th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Libya: Clashes between rival Libyan forces over Tripoli escalate, leaving at least fifty-one dead. The city's only functioning airport was hit by an airstrike. The conflict displaced some 3,400 people and blocked emergency services from reaching the wounded. Yemen: A large explosion in Sanaa was triggered by a Saudi-led coalition airstrike that targeted a warehouse where Houthi stored weapons (on the 7th). However, the Saudi-led coalition said it did not undertake any airstrike. The blast damaged nearby schools, destroyed homes and left houses without walls or doors far away. Thirteen civlians were killed and more than one hundred were wounded. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows, sending ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Asia: Afghanistan: A convoy hit a roadside bomb near the Bagram Air Base, in Parwan province, killing three American soldiers and wounding a contractor. The Taliban claimed responsibility. The next day, Taliban militants stormed army checkpoints in Kandahar province, in the Shorabak district, killing twenty troops and wounding eight. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Ibu volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. India-administered Kashmir: Two days of heavy snow triggered a massive avalanche in the Himalayan region, killing at least ten and leaving rescuers frantically digging to find survivors. Making matters worse, the snowfall cut off the region, closing the airport and roads. India: Maoist rebels attacked a convoy of India's ruling Bharatiya Janata Party with an improvised explosive device, killing a politician and four others in the state of Chhattisgarh. Africa: Sudan: Thousands of anti-government protesters gathered in front of a compound in Khartoum when security forces used tear gas, rubber bullets and live fire to try to disperse the protesters. A soldier was killed while trying to protect protesters. The next day, security forces killed at least fourteen protesters, including a military officer, in a new attempt to disperse the anti-government sit-in. Nigeria: It was believed that Fulani herdsmen attacked two villages in Kaduna state, killing at least twenty. North America: US and Canada: Two storm systems moved through the Northeast pounding part of New England and eastern Quebec in Canada with wet, heavy snow. US: Large hail and wind damages that swept across the South were met with additional rounds of severe weather, damaging winds and flooding downpours. The storms also brought more flash flooding, large hail, damaging winds and tornadoes. An EF1 tornado ripped roofs off buildings and toppled trees and power lines in Guttersville, Alabama. The tornado was estimated to have had winds upwards of 100 mph (160 kph). Meanwhile, a snowstorm began developing that swept through the central states, burying counties across several states in snow and unleashing high-speed winds. The intense spring blizzard dumped up to 30 inches (760 mm) in some areas, caused power outages in many states, and whiteout conditions brought that caused accidents and closed roads. Strong winds also kicked up dust across the Desert Southwest. Western and central Oregon endured more heavy rain and strong winds, as some areas were already battling the effects of overflowing rivers and reservoirs. The heavy rains triggered landslides and mudslides, closing roads. South America: Brazil: A ferryboat collided with a bridge in the state of Pará, plunging a 657-foot (200-m) section and two cars into the Moju River. The Pará governor declared a state of emergency as search for survivors got underway. In a separate incident, heavy rains left a trail of destruction in Rio de Janeiro, killing at least ten people. Torrents of water gushed down streets, sweeping up vehicles, damaging buildings and uprooting trees. A state of emergency was declared. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 26,000 feet (7,900 m) into the air. Atlantic: South: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands (04-09; 17:54). Solar Activity: The solar wind triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras. A new sunspot, AR2738, emerged and would turn towards Earth in a few days.

12th - First Quarter (19h 06m) HIGH


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Once again, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian teenager and thirty other Palestinians were injured, during protests along the perimeter fence dividing Israel and Gaza. Asia: Pakistan: A suicide bomber targeted a market in the city of Quetta, killing at least twenty people and wounding dozens of others. Indonesia: Merapi volcano, on the island of Central Java, underwent a highly explosive eruption with pyroclastic flows. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck south of Luwuk (04-12; 11:40). Japan: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Miyako (04-11; 08:18). Africa: Algeria: The eighth week of massive demonstrations that forced the president to resign and now aim to rid the nation of its interim leadership was peaceful at first. But then clashes erupted where police repeatedly fired tear gas and used water cannons to disperse the protesters. Twenty-seven police officers were injuried, some seriously, and 108 protesters were arrested. Kenya: Militants abducted two Cuban doctors in an ambush that left a police bodyguard dead. The gunmen may have taken the doctors into neighboring Somalia. Ethiopia: The military foiled a planned attack by Somalia-based al-Shabab militants in the capital, Addis Ababa. Sudan: Following the overthrow of their long-ruling president, many thousands of protesters remained in the streets of the capital, Khartoum, to send a clear message that they will not accept the imposition of military rule. The main airport was shut down and neighboring South Sudan was causious of civil unrest sparking a similar situation there. North America: Mexico: A group of about 350 migrants broke the locks on a border gate and forced their way into the country in the southern border state of Chiapas. US: Gusts of around 50 mph caused whiteout conditions in South Dakota and stranded people on the road. A significant outbreak of severe weather, including a tornado outbreak, took place in parts of the south. South America: Brazil: Two buildings in Rio de Janeiro collapsed, killing at least three, injuring thirteen others and leaving another thirteen missing. The area was run by militias and the deteriorated buildings did not have permits. Solar Activity: Big sunspot AR2738 sent out B-class solar flares.

15th-16th - Mid=Phase HIGH


Mideast: Libya: Recent clashes between rival Libyan militias for control of the capital Tripoli displaced nearly 20,000 people. Heavy weapons and shelling damaged houses, schools and civilian infrastructure. At least 174 people have been killed and 758 have been wounded since the clashes began on April 3rd. Europe: France: A massive fire consumed the upper reaches of Paris' world-famous Notre Dame Cathedral. The blaze caused the collapse of the cathedral's spire and spread to one of its rectangular towers. The cause was unknown, though arson and terror-related motives were ruled out. UK and Various Countries: Thousands of protesters took to the streets across central London where climate change activists blocked roads and vandalised Shell Oil's headquarters. Nearly 300 were arested. The protesters claimed that protests were also being held in over eighty cities across thirty-three countries. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka pennsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows and sent ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Asia: Pakistan, India and Afghanistan: Dangerous thunderstorms triggered dust storms, damaging winds and flooding downpours in Pakistan and northern India. Karachi was struck by a powerful dust storm that left at least five dead and dozens injuried. The storm also uprooted trees and utility polls and damaged homes and schools. The next day, powerful thunderstorms and dust storms hit Pakistan again, bringing the death toll to at least twenty-three. The storm was also responsible for at least five deaths due to flooding in Afghanistan. Most of the deaths were the result of collapsed buildings, flash flooding and vehicle accidents. Africa: Somalia: A US airstrike targeted ISIS miltants as they were travelling to their base in the remote mountainous Puntland state, near Xiriiro village. The strike killed a top ISIS group leader and numerous other miltants. Ghana: Heavy rains triggered floods in the nation's capital Accra, killing at least six and leaving widespread damages. Chad: Boko Haram miltants carried out an attack in the Lake Chad area, killing at least seven soldiers and wounded another fifteen. Claims were that sixty-three Boko Haram miltants were also killed. Sudan: Thousands continued their protest outside army headquarters in the capital, Khartoum, demanding an immediate move to a civilian government after the president was ousted. The army tried to break up the protest, but was unsuccessful. North America: US: Powerful storms triggered tornadoes and flooding across several southern states. At least eight deaths were reported across Mississippi, Texas and Louisiana. As the storm moved east tornado warnings were issued for Ohio, South Carolina and Virginia. Franklin, Texas was heavily damaged by tornadoes with nearly sixty buildings destroyed, including around fifty-five homes and several public buildings. Hamilton, Mississippi, also had dozens of homes destroyed. At least forty-two tornadoes touched down in eight states, leaving at least nine people dead, dozens injuried and widespread destruction. Parts of the upper mid-west were underwater as heavy rains triggered continued flooding in the region. Towns were essentially cut off from surrounding areas, as the roads that enter and leave them were closed due to flooding. Thousands of homes were damaged or destroyed, vehicles were swept down roads that had turned into rivers. Meanwhile, a new storm began developing that would bring enough rain to further aggravate flooding in the central states. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Authorities in the state of Chiapas attempted to block a caravan of about 2,000 Central American migrants from entering the town of Huixtla. However, the caravan pushed past police and headed for the town center. The Huixtla government declared an emergency, telling stores to close and residents to stay indoors, because the caravan members were a threat to safety. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Unusually large sunspot AR2738 was producing strong bursts of radio static. A stream of solar wind flowing from a southern coronal hole on the Sun brushed Earth's magnetic field, triggering auroras.

19th - Full Moon (11h 12m) HIGH


Mideast: Libya: A UN envoy warned of a "widening conflagration" in the battle for Tripoli. More than 200 have been killed in the fighting, and 25,000 have been forced to evacuate their homes. The UN refugee agency also evacuated nearly 180 migrants from a detention center near the fighting. Europe: Serbia: About 150,000 people rallied in the capital of Belgrade to support their populist president. It was a response to the weekly anti-government protests that went on for months denouncing him as an autocrat. Buses from all over the country, as well as neighboring Bosnia and Kosovo, brought many ralliers to the Serbian Parliament. Authorities sealed off central streets in Belgrade and police helicopters hovered over the crowd. UK: Gasoline bombs were thrown and two cars set on fire in Northern Ireland after a journalist was killed during a police raid and rioting in Londonderry. Authorities believed a New IRA dissident group was most likely responsible. In London, Extinction Rebellion protesters - climate change activists - again moved back into Oxford Circus, blocking traffic. About 106 people were arrested, bringing the total number of arrests to 682 since the action started on the 14th (see previous lunar phase). Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows, and sent ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Italy: Stromboli volcano, on the Eolian Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Taiwan: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck east of Hualian (04-18; 05:01). Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: An attack took place at a hospital that was at the epicenter of a deadly Ebola outbreak, leaving one dead. This was the second-deadliest Ebola outbreak in history and attempts to control it have been twarted by a series of deadly attacks on Ebola health centers, leading to a rise in new Ebola cases. Since the outbreak in August 2018, there have been more than 1,300 confirmed and probable cases, including 843 deaths from Ebola. South Africa: A wall collapsed during the start of an Easter service at a Pentecostal church, killing at least thirteen and injuried twenty-nine. Heavy rainfall in the area around eMpangeni had occurred the night before and was believed to have weakened the wall. North America: Canada: An avalanche swept the east face of Howse Peak in Banff National Parkin in Alberta. Three of the world's most elite climbers were missing and presumed dead as a result. Search and recovery efforts were not possible due to more strong winds and precipitation producing dangerous avalanche conditions. US: Severe storms left behind a trail of dastruction as they tore through the South, leaving three dead. Severe weather, including tornadoes, swept along the Eastern seaboard from Florida to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. This was the second severe weather outbreak in less than a week that produced nearly 70 confirmed tornadoes. The current storms brought damaging winds, heavy rain and more tornadoes, and left at least eight dead. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Antarctic: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake shook the Western Indian-Antarctic Ridge (04-18; 14:46). Solar Activity: Sprite -- red, fleeting lightning-like discharges in the upper atmosphere -- ushered in "sprite season."

22nd-23rd - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: ISIS militants attacked pro-government forces in Homs and Deir al-Zour provinces, killing thirty-five troops. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows. Asia: Sri Lanka: Eight nearly simultaneous bombings took place around the country, leaving at least 310 dead and more than 500 wounded (on the 21st). The bombings were carried out by the local, radical militant group called National Thowfeek Jamaath (NTJ), twenty-four members of which were arrested in connection with the bombings. The targets were Roman Catholic Churchs and hotels, and most of the explosions were detonated by suicide bombers. Philippines: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck Porac town in Pampanga province, east of Gutad (04-22; 09:11), causing the collapse of a building that housed a supermarket, and an international airport terminal was closed due to damage. The quake also damaged houses, roads, bridges, and Roman Catholic churches. At least sixteen people were killed and dozens were injuried. At least thirty-one people remained unaccounted for under the collapsed supermarket. The next day a 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck near San Julian town in Eastern Samar province, east of Tutubigan (04-23; 05:37). Roads and buildings were damaged, and classes and office work were suspended. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. India: A magnitude 5.9 earthquake shook a remote northeastern-most state, Arunachal Pradesh near the border with China, north of Along (04-23; 20:15). Damages could reach $100 million, but since it is sparsely populated there were not many casualties. Myanmar: A landslide in Kachin state was so great it created a "mud lake" that engulfed jade miners' living quarters along with about forty vehicles. At least fifty-four miners were buried in mud while sleeping, and were feared dead. Rescues seemed impossible as the mud was very deep. Africa: South Africa: Heavy rains triggered flooding and mudslides in KwaZulu-Natal province, killing at least thirty-three. Hundreds of homes were damaged or destroyed. Mozambique: Authorities warned that a developing Tropical Storm Kenneth would hit the country. This storm comes just one month after Cyclone Idai struck, and would bring more flooding, damaging winds, mudslides and rough seas. North America: Mexico: A magnitude 5.4 earthquake in southern Mexico caused tall buildings to sway in Mexico City. Hundreds of office workers briefly evacuated their buildings. Mexican immigration authorities detained 371 Central American migrants in what was the largest single raid so far on a migrant caravan. Many other migrants escaped into pastures and then spent the night in the woods, where some got lost. Central America: Guatemala: Santa Maria (Santiaguito) Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with the formation of lava domes. South America: Colombia: Days of torrential rains triggered a landslide in the town of Rosas in the Cauca region, killing at least thirty and injuring five. Authorities are continuing to search the rubble for more victims. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Bolivia: A bus plunged 650 feet (200 m) into a ravine, killing twenty-five and injuring twenty-four. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Pacific: South: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of the Fiji Islands (04-23; 14:20). Atlantic: South: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck north of Visokoi Island, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (04-22; 14:49). Solar Activity: A large coronal hole opened up on the Sun's southern hemisphere and was spewing a stream of solar wind in Earth's direction, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras.

26th - Last Quarter (22h 18m) HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Three buildings in the town of Jisr al-Shughour, in the province of Idlib, were destroyed by an explosion and killed at least fifteen. The cause of the blast was not known. Libya: Nearly 2,000 migrants were in urgent need of evacuation from detention centers because of fighting around the capital, Tripoli. Europe: UK: Storm Hannah hit the west coast of Ireland knocking out power amid hurricane-force winds. The extent of the damage was not yet known. Asia: Sri Lanka: Soldiers attempted to raid a building in the town of Sammanthurai, in the Eastern Province, as part of the ongoing investigation into the Easter suicide bomb attacks (see previous lunar phase). Three explosions, believed to be suicide bombings, erupted during the shootout. Casualities were not yet known. Africa: Mozambique: Cyclone Kenneth -- equal to a Category 4 hurricane -- ripped through the country, just weeks after Cyclone Idai inflicted catastrophic damage and left millions in need of emergency aid. Heavy rainfall triggered widespread flooding and landslides, putting at least 750,000 lives at risk, with millions already in danger from the aftermath of Cyclone Idai. The United Nations warned of "massive flooding" ahead, as rains already destroyed thousands of homes. Idai killed more than 600 people and displaced tens of thousands, but Kenneth would deliever twice as much rain. The storm had earlier hit the Indian Ocean island nation of Comoros. There, about 1,000 homes were reportedly flooded and key crops were destroyed. The full extent of the damage would not be known for days. North America: US: Violent storms triggered widespread flooding and tornadoes across Texas and Louisiana, leaving at least five people dead. A state of emergency was declared in Louisiana after an EF3 tornado tore through a town, destroying buldings and killing at least two. A late-April storm brought as much a eight inches of snow along a 1,200-mile swath of the north-central states. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an exposive eruption with lava flows. South America: Colombia: Nevado del Ruiz volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 22,000 feet (6,700 m) into the air. Solar Activity: Cosmic rays penetrating Earth's atmosphere neared a "Space Age record" for dose rates. The solar wind was flowing from a southern hemisphere coronal hole and could reach Earth's magnetic field on May 1, causing polar geomagnetic storms and auroras.

29th-30th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Libya: Libyan forces loyal to a former military commander intensified their airstrikes on Tripoli, where heavy fighting and blocked roads have left civilians trapped in their homes. The clashes had already killed at least 345 people. Airstrikes hit al-Qaqaa military camp in the town of al-Falah, and the towns of Khallet al-Forjan, Ain Zara and al-Twaisha. Iraq: On their first mission ever, two Air Force F-35A strike fighter jets dropped satellite-guided bombs on ISIS tunnels and weapons caches in the Hamrin Mountains. Syria and Turkey: Syrian Kurdish militants carried out an attack in a Turkish-controlled region in northern Syria, killing a soldier and wounding three others. Yemen: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the Carlsberg Ridge (04-29; 14:19). Europe: Czechoslovakia: Thousands of Czech demonstraters took to the streets in Prague and other cities to protest the proposed replacement of the justice minister. The protesters were concerned that it might compromise the legal system at a time when prosecutors have to decide whether to indict the Prime Minister over alleged fraud involving European Union funds. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly expolsive eruption with large pyroclastic flows, and sent ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Romania: A monster tornado tore through the plains in Calarasi County, in the Muntenia region, injuring at least seven when it picked up and tossed a bus 30 feet (10 m) and damaged agricultural vehicles and rural facilities. Several houses also sustained damage from the tornado. Asia: China: Thousands took to the street in Hong Kong to protest against the government’s proposal to change an extradition law, which would allow individuals to be sent to mainland China for trial. India: The fourth phase of India's staggered national election was marred by multiple clashes that injured at least seven people. Residents along India's eastern coast were warned about potential impacts from Cyclonic Storm Fani, which would bring heavy rain, flooding and damaging wind gusts. Cyclone Fani continues to strengthen as it tracked over the Bay of Bengal threatening more than 100 million people. Indonesia: Election workers' long hours of work counting millions of ballots by hand, left 272 dead from the stress and sweltering heat. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plunes 6,000 feet (1,800 m) into the air. Africa: Mozambique: The death toll from Cyclone Kenneth climbed to thirty-eight, as flooding and pounding rains hampered efforts to deliver aid to badly hit communities. More flooding was expected in the port city of Pemba and the surrounding areas, though the floodwaters were already waist deep. An estimated 700,000 people were at risk from the second powerful cyclone in a month. Most of the houses were made of materials that could not withstand the flooding and were washed away. Thunderstorms and high winds were predicted over the coming days, with rain expected to continue for more than a week. Burkina Faso : A Christian church was attacked in the village of Silgadji, killing six, including a pastor. No group claimed responsibility. Ethiopia: Inter-communal clashes in the western region of Benishangul-Gumuz left at least seventeen dead and several houses burnt to the ground. Nigeria: Boko Haram militants attacked Kuda-Kaya village in Adamawa state, killing at least twenty-five people who had just returned home from a wedding. North America: US: New York state was hit with a "worst-case scenario" as water levels rose along Lake Ontario where flooding caused extensive damage in the past. Flooding was triggered by heavy rain and snow melt. An unusual spring storm blanketed Chicago in snow, and forced more than 700 flights to be canceled. Several rounds of severe storms moved through the central states, triggering tornadoes, hail, and flooding. A male student on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte opened fire on fellow students, killing two and wounding four. Two of the wounded were being treated for life-threatening injuries. Canada: Several days of heavy rains have swollen rivers and reservoirs in eastern Canada, driving thousands of people from their homes. The town of Ste-Marthe-sur-le-Lac, west of Montreal, was flooded after the Lake of Two Mountains burst through a natural dike. The total of flooded homes across rain-sodden Quebec province reached 5,584, forcing the evacuation of more than 6,500 residents. Flooding also had hit Ontario and New Brunswick. Central America: El Salvador: A street gang put a fake body in an abandoned car to lure police into a car-bomb attack, wounding two officers. The attack came after suspect gang members killed two police and three soldiers over the weekend. Honduras: Riot police and protesters clashed in the capital, Tegucigalpa, where police fired tear gas at protesters, who threw rocks and fire bombs. The protests were against planned reforms in health and education that could cause lay-offs of teachers and doctors. The protesters set fire to buildings, forcing hundreds to evacuate the buildings. Shop fronts were smashed and burning barricades were erected to block major roads. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 26,000 feet (7,900 m) into the air. Venezuela: Thousands took the streets in support of opposition leader who was calling for a military uprising. Violent street battles erupted in parts of Caracas. Several armored vehicles plowed into a group of anti-government demonstrators trying to storm the capital's air base. At least fifty protesters were being treated for injuries, and at least two were killed. Solar Activity: A large coronal hole opened on the Sun and was facing Earth as it spewed a stream of solar wind in Earth's direction.





May


4th - New Moon (22h 45m) HIGH


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Militants fired over 250 rockets into Israel, drawing dozens of retaliatory airstrikes on targets across the Gaza Strip, leavng at least six dead. Syria: The government intensified its bombardment of rebel-held areas. The attack killed and wounded dozens, and forced thousands to flee their homes. The fighting left twenty-two civilians dead and more than sixty were wounded in the airstrikes and shelling. Asia: India and Bangladesh: Cyclone Fani, equivalent in strength to a Category 4 hurricane, made landfall in eastern Odisha state, Bangladesh. In preparation for the landfall the government included the evacuation of more than 1 million people, which saved many lives, though fifteen were killed. Earlier, Fani made landfall in India, leaving at least two dozen dead. Cyclone Fari destroyed houses, other buildings, vehicles, and brought widespread flooding. The extent of the damages and loss of life were not yet known. Indonesia: Authorities resumed their fight against illegal fishing in the country's waters by sinking fifty-one foreign ships. The ships were Vietnamese, Malaysian, Chinese and Filipino, and their operations were frequently perpetrators of modern day slavery. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, uderwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Afghanistan: Taliban militants stormed security checkpoints in western Badghis province, killing seven policemen and wounding three. Forty-three militants, including foreign fighters, were killed in two separate coalition airstrikes. North Korea: The government lauched a number of short-range missles that were fired from the Hodo peninsula into the Sea of Japan. Myanmar: The army shot dead at least six unarmed people detained in a village school in Rakhine state. The army said that they had tried to grab the soldiers' weapons. Africa: Libya: ISIS militants drove their vehicles into a recently established training camp and clashed with guards near an air base in the city of Sabha. At least nine soldiers were killed and seven were wounded. Sudan: Security forces attempted to forcefully break up a sit-in in the Darfur region in the city of Nyala. Clashes erupted when marchers from a refugee camp attempted to join the sit-in. In the process "many" protesters were wounded. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms, including isolated tornadoes, barreled through the Southeast. Along with the storms there came damaging wind gusts, hail and torrential downpours that triggered flooding. In Austin, Texas, floodwaters turned some areas into a raging river after a period of severe storms. Pacific: South: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck north of Buala, Solomon Islands (05-03; 07:25). Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2738 returned and was re-numbered AR2740 for its second trip across the solar disk. The sunspot produced a C2-class solar flare and extreme ultraviolet radiation that triggered a brownout of shortwave radio signals over the Pacific Ocean.

7th-8th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Government forces intensified their bombardment of rebel-held towns and villages in northern Hama and southern Idlib with airstrikes, leaving dozens of civilians dead or wounded. Afterward, the UN called for an urgent de-escalation. A day earlier, two medical facilities were targeted by warplanes, and were destroyed. Europe: Various West European Countries: A bomb cyclone brought damaging winds, heavy rainfall and localized severe thunderstorms from the UK to France, Germany, Spain and Portugal. The next day, the rapidly strengthening storm underwent bombogenesis that brought intensified strong, damaging winds, widespread flooding, power outages and travel disruptions. Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows, and sent ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. India: Areas recovering from the destructive Cyclone Fani (see previous lunar phase) began to endure dangerous temperatures, as a heat wave built across northern and eastern India. Afghanistan: Taliban fighters attacked the offices of a US-based aid organization in Kabul, setting off a huge explosion and battling security forces in an assault that left at least five people dead and twenty-four wounded. Dozens of vehicles, buildings and shops were either destroyed or damaged. All five insurgents were killed by Afghan forces, and about 200 people were rescued from both buildings within the compound. Pakistan: A suicide bomber targeted a major Sufi Muslim shrine in the city of Lahore, killing at least nine and wounded dozens. The attack was claimed by the Hizbul Ahrar, a splinter group of the Pakistani Taliban. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: Fighting brokeout between government troops and rebel forces in the Ebola epicenter. Twelve people, mostly rebel fighters, were killed in the clashes with Mai Mai militia. Libya: Troops loyal to the Libyan militia leader shot down a warplane and captured its pilot. Australia: A massive dust cloud swept across the city of Mildura with wind gusts up to 54 mph (87 kph). North America: US: Shots were fired at the STEM School in Highlands Ranch, Colorado, wounding eight. Two suspects who attended the school were in custody for the shooting. Heavy flooding continued inundating towns and farmland along rivers in the Midwest. The Mississippi River forced road closures and forced people to evacuate their homes as high water levels made their way downstream. Adding to the scene was an outbreak of severe weather that brought tornadoes, baseball-sized hail and more flooding rainfall, affecting about forty million people. The floodwaters from swollen rivers were expected to continue into June. Central America: Guatemala: Gunfire brokeout during a riot at a prison in the city of Fraijanes, leaving eight dead and ten wounded. Prisoners took control of the facility for about eight hours, when about 1,500 police officers and soldiers were sent to the scene, and regained control. South America: Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explsive eruption. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Paraguay: Torrential rains caused rivers to swell, triggering widespread floodig that led to the declaration a state of emergency. About 40,000 Paraguayans were forced to evacuate. Pacific: Southwest: A powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck northwset of Bulolo (05-06; 21:19). Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2740 sent numerous minor coronal mass ejections into space, one of which struck Earth. AR2740 also sent out rare shortwave radio bursts. A magnetic canyon formed the next day at the heart of the sunspot, literally splitting the sunspot in two:

12th - First Quarter (1h 12m) HIGH


Mideast: United Arab Emirates: Four commercial ships off the east coast were subjected to sabotage. This took place just hours after Iranian and Lebanese media outlets aired false reports of explosions at a nearby Emirati port. Syria: Insurgents fired rockets into the government-held town of Suqailabiyah, killing at least six and leaving widespread material damage to the town. Government troops retaliated by firing shells toward the insurgents' positions on the southern edge of Idlib province. Saudi Arabia: Security forces launched a raid against a suspected militant hideout on the island of Tarot, when they and the alleged terrorists engaged in a shootout in the predominantly Shiite eastern region of Qatif. Eight of the terrorists were killed. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent an explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows, and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. Asia: Pakistan: Three insurgents attacked a luxury hotel on the southwest coast, killing five. It was also necessary to defuse explosive devices left behind by the attackers. The three gunmen were killed in a gunfight that followed. Singapore: A massive waterspout was spotted swirling off the southern coast, even dwarfing nearby high-rise buildings. Africa: Burkina Faso: Gunmen attacked a Catholic church in Dablo, killing a priest and five worshippers. The gunmen also set fire to a health center and destroyed all places that served alcohol. North America: Mexico: Mexico City's government warned people to remain indoors as forest and brush fires filled the city with smoke and ash. About 1,250 firefights were fighting about 52 fires. US: Unrelenting rain brought widespread flooding to Louisiana and Mississippi. The heavy rainfall caused the Mississippi River to rise even after the historic opening of the Bonnet Carré Spillway; a very rare event. Non-stop rain also flooed parts of Texas, with Huston getting a month's rain in less than a single day. Parts of the south-central states would see flooding for the remainder of May and into June, as rivers continue to spill over their banks. Central America: Panama: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck an area of Panama near its border with Costa Rica, southeast of the town of Plaza de Caisan, destroying some structures and injuring two (05-12; 19:24). South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Two magnetic filaments erupted in quick succession eminating from a coronal hole and decaying sunspot AR2740. The coronal mass ejection was expected to reach Earth on the 15th.

15th-16th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Various: Yemen's Iran-aligned Houthi rebels launched a drone attack on Saudi Arabia, striking and damaging a major oil pipeline. Tensions were so high that the US Embassy in Baghdad ordered all nonessential government staff to leave Iraq immediately. United Arab Emirates diplomat Coalition said it will retaliate 'hard' for attacks on civilian targets after the drone attack on the Saudi pipeline. Some news sources were concerned that tensions might lead to war between Iran and the US. United Arab Emirates : A small plane crashed to the south of Dubai International Airport, killing four. The airport closed to examine the crash site. Europe: Italy: Water raced through the streets of Lavinio, Italy, as heavy rain turned streets into rivers and hail pounded the area. Asia: Indonesia: Ibu and Dukono volcanoes, on the island of Halmahera, underwent explosive eruptions with lava flows, and both sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. India-administered Kashmir: Two gunbattles erupted that triggered anti-India protests and clashes, leaving seven militants, two army soldiers and two civilians dead. Pakistan: Police who were acting on intelligence raided a militant hideout in the town of Mastung in Baluchistan province, triggering a shootout that killed nine militants and wounded four officers. Africa: Sudan: Demonstrations in the capital of Khartoum left at least six dead and a "large number" wounded. The protesters burned tires to block streets and a major thoroughfares. Niger: Soldiers were ambushed near the town of Tongo Tongo in the Tillaberi region, leaving at least twenty-eight dead and several more missing. The attacks were carried out by a group associated with ISIS miltants. North America: Mexico: Authorities canceled school in Mexico City and surrounding areas due to extremely polluted air. The smoky haze was due to dozens of fires and dry weather. Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption. US: A storm system began brewing that would greatly affect a huge swath of the central sates with a substantial risk for rounds of severe thunderstorms, including the potential for tornadoes. A rare rain soaked California, causing widespread disruptions. The series of storms were more typical of those in the winter. Many cities would double or even triple their normal rainfall for May in the span of a few days. Central America: Nicaragua and El Salvador: A strong 5.7 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Nicaragua, west of Jiquilillo, shaking buildings and forcing their evacuation (05-16; 16:22). South America: Brazil: Tens of thousands of demonstraters took to the streets across the country to protest big cuts in federal funding for public education. Avenues and public squares in Sao Paulo, Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Recife were packed as students and teachers marched against the decision. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: A powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea (05-14; 12:58). Solar Activity: Coronal mass ejections headed for Earth where they would trigger strong geomagnetic storms and auroras that could be seen as far south as Maine, Minnesota, the Dakotas, Montana and Washington State.

18th - Full Moon (21h 11m) MODERATE


Mideast: Iraq: A rocket was fired into Baghdad, landing less than a mile from the US Embassy. While it did not cause any casualties, it came amid heightened tensions across the Persian Gulf. In a separate incident, a roadside bomb hit a bus carrying Iraqi Shiite paramilitary fighters, killing seven and wounding twenty-six. Egypt: A roadside bomb hit a tourist bus near the Giza Pyramids, wounding at least seventeen. Libya: Gunmen stormed the water supply station at Jabal al-Hasawna, forcing the workers to cut off the flow of water to Tripoli and other cities in the western and central parts of the country. Europe: Various: Tens of thousands of demonstrators opposed to right-wing populism and nationalism took to the streets in a number of European cities under the slogan "No to Hate, Yes to Change". Russia: Shiveluch volcano, on the Kamchatka peninsula, underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows, and sent ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Asia: Afghanistan: A gun battle broke out between illegal armed groups, leaving at least nine people dead and seven wounded in Takhar province. Also, a roadside bombing in Helmand province killed two police officers. Indonesia: Seven fighter jets from a French aircraft carrier made unscheduled landings at Sultan Iskandar Muda air force base in Aceh, because of severe weather. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Africa: Mali: A Nigerian UN peacekeeper was killed and another wounded by unidentified assailants in Timbuktu, in northern Mali. In a separate incident, clashes in Tessalit left three Chadian UN peacekeepers injured. North America: US: Severe weather cut a path through the central states spawning at least thirty tornadoes in Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas. A round of strong thunderstorms swept across the midwestern and the northeastern states. More of the same severe weather, along with heavy rains, was forecast for the following days. Minnesota was covered by another spring snow. South America: Brazil: Seven gunmen burst into a bar in Belem city and opened fire, killing eleven and wounding one. Atlantic: West Central: A small plane plummeted into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Honduras, killing all five aboard. Pacific: South: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck east of Tadine, New Caledonia (05-19; 01:23), and was followed by an aftershock of 6.2 magnitude in the same area (05-19; 14:56). Solar Activity: Another coronal hole opened up on the Sun, sending a massive coronal mass ejection towards the Earth.

mid-21st-mid-23rd - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Saudi Arabia and Yemen: Yemen's Houthi rebels targeted the Saudi Arabian city of Najran with a weaonized drone. The main targets were a Saudi airport and military facility where the drone struck an "arms depot," causing a fire. Syria: Al-Qaida-linked militants in the northwest launched an attack on government forces, including the use of tanks. Rumours of chemical attacks by the government or by the militants could not be resolved as to what or who. The next day government airstrikes killed eighteen civilians, including a dozen people at a busy market. The bombing also damaged two schools and a health facility. Government forces battled to repel militants around the town of Kafr Nabuda, leaving at least seventy militants dead. However, the miltants recaptured the town. Libya: The UN envoy for Libya said that the battle for Tripoli is "the start of a long and bloody war". One side of the conflict said that receiving armored vehicles and tanks from Turkey, while the other said it was receiving them from Jordan. More than 75,000 people have fled their homes in the latest fighting. Israel: Wildfires raged amid a major heatwave, forcing the evacuation of several communities, closing highways, and threatening the international airport and Jerusalem. Iraq: A car bomb exploded in the village of Karabila, near the Syrian border, killing two and wounding two others. Europe: Czech Republic: Tens of thousands Czechs rallyed in Prague in protest, demanding the resignation of the new justice minister. Various: A slow-moving storm system brought deadly flooding and other dangerous weather across central and eastern Europe. Germany, Poland, Ukraine, Romania and Bulgaria were all affected by the severe weather. Asia: Indonesia: Protesters clashed with security forces, threw stones and set fire to a police dormitory and vehicles in Jakarta after their candidate lost the election. As the riots grew into the night and following morning it left at least six dead and more than 200 injuried. Dukono and Ibu volcanoes, on the island of Halmahera, underwent explosive eruptions with lava flows. Tajikistan: A riot broke out at a high-security prison, leavig twenty-nine inmates and three guards dead. It started when ISIS militants killed the guards before releasing fellow ISIS inmates. Afghanistan: Clashes erupted between Afghan forces and Taliban fighters in Ghazni province, leaving two of the security forces and two civilians dead. Africa: Somalia: Al-Shabab claimed responsibility for a suicide car bomb that targeted vehicles carrying government officials in the capital, Mogadishu. The blast left at least six dead and twelve wounded. Central African Republic: An armed group, known as 3R, attacked several communities in the Ouham Pende prefecture, killing more than fifty. Kenya: Hundreds of families abandoned their homes with their livestock in the Rift Valley following attacks by bandits who shot dead three people. North America: US: More than a dozen tornadoes touched down in Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, Arkansas and Missouri. The severe weather also dumped heavy rain that triggered widespread flooding that created emergencies for millions. In one incident residents were evacuated in Oklahoma after severe flooding left homes hanging over the edge of a river bank. The next day, a new round of damaging thunderstorms and tornadoes erupted over the central states. A tornado touched down in Golden City, Missouri, killing three people and completely destroyed numerous houses and tore the roof off a fertilizer plant. Another tornado struck, tearing through the state’s capital of Jefferson City, leaving at least twenty injured. Some of the tornadoes had nearly hurricane-force winds, and heavy rains brought more flooding. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity, and sent ash plumes 18,000 feet (5,500 m) into the air. A shootout erupted between suspected gang members near the town of Uruapán, killing ten and wounding two. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwnet an explosive erutpion with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwnet an explosive erutpion with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 28,000 feet (8,500 m) into the air. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 12,000 feet (3,700 m) into the air. Atlantic: West: The first named storm of the Atlantic hurricane season was over the western Atlantic, far from any shore. Pacific: East: The first tropical disturbance that could develop into a hurricane could unleash flooding rain in Central America. Solar Activity: A weak stream of solar wind was flowing from a shallow coronal hole and should reach the Earth in a few days.

26th - Last Quarter (16h 34m) MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: Government forces regained control of Kfar Nabudah days after losing it to militants. Iraq: A car that was parked near a market in the village of Oweinat in Nineveh province exploded, killing five and wounding eight. The village was once held by ISIS militants. Europe: Brussels: A yellow vest protest march was taken over by black-hooded demonstrators and turned violent, with some protesters pelting buildings with rocks and smashing barricades. About 350 people were briefly detained, but were later released. Asia: Nepal: Two explosions rocked two Kathmandu neighborhoods, and a third explosion occurred a few hours later in Kathmandu. Three people were killed and eight were wounded. It was believed that a group that once split from the ruling Communist party was responsible for the blasts. Numerous buildings and vehicles were damaged or destroyed in the explosions. Pakistan: Supporters of a local, minority Pashtun group attacked a security post in an area near the Afghan border, wounding five soldiers. Three of the attackers were killed and ten were wounded. Japan: Record heat swept much of the country with a temperature of 103 F (39.5 C) on the island of Hokkaido. This was the first time the temperature had ever risen past 100.4 F (38 C) in Hokkaido, and also the highest temperture ever for May. At least two people died from the heat, and a third was in serious condition. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: A boat sank on Lake Mai-Ndombe, killing at least thirty and another two hundred were missing. North America: US: A tornado tore through the city of El Reno in Oklahoma, destroying a hotel and much of a mobile home park, and leaving at least two dead and injuring dozens. Severe rain and flooding, hail and damaging winds again swept states in the Southern Plains and Midwest regions. Evacuations were forced as record flooding impacted areas across Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois and parts of Nebraska and Iowa. In the Southwest an unrelenting heatwave broke numerous records. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. South America: Peru: A powerful 8.0 magnitude earthquake struck a remote part of the Amazon jungle south of Lagunas, destroying buildings, a bridge, and roads, and knocking out power (05-26; 07:41). Three schools, three hospitals and two churches were damaged, and at least one person was killed and twenty-seven were injuried. Brazil: Fighting erupted among inmates at a prison in the state of Amazonas, and at least fifteen died before the riot stopped. Venezuela: Clashes erupted at a prison inside a police station, leaving twenty-nine dead. At least nineteen police officers were wounded. Some of the prisoners used guns and two grenades in an attempt to cause a massive breakout. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind flowed from a coronal hole would reach Earth on the 27th.

29th-30th - Mid-Phase MODERATE Mideast: Iraq: An improvised explosive device placed by the Kurdistan Workers' Party exploded, killing two Turkish soldiers. The next day, six explosions shook the center of Kirkuk, killing at least four and wounding twenty-three. Europe: Hungary: A river cruise boat capsized and sank on the Danube in Budapest, leaving at least seven dead and seven injuried, while twenty-one were still missing. The boat collided with another vessel and sank in the Danube River. Germany and France: A motorized rubber boat capsized in the Rhine River between the two countries, killing three, while a child was also missing and feared dead. Asia: India-Adminstered Kashmir: Two gunbattles between Indian troops and Kashmiri rebels triggered a new round of anti-India protests and clashes in the disputed Himalayan region. At least one civilian died and at least 100 others were wounded. The fighting began after Indian forces raided two villages in the areas of Shopian and Kulgam. Myanmar: The country's army commited more war crimes against ethnic Bhuddhist groups in Rakhine state, according to human rights group Amnesty International. They say the army has carried out extrajudicial killings, torture and arbitrary arrests. Indonesia: Dukono volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Phillipines: Two powerful 6.6 magnitude earthquakes rocked the Philippines south of La Libertad (05-30; 09:03), leaving at least fifteen dead and scores of buildings in rubble, as people ran out into the streets. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: The Congolese army killed twenty-six rebels from the ISIS-linked Allied Democratic Forces, who had killed hundreds in the region over the past few years. North America: Mexico: A tour bus and a truck collided on a mountain road in the state of Veracruz, causing the bus to roll over and catch fire, killing at least twenty-one and injuring thirty. US: A massive tornado swept through the Kansas City area, injuring at least a dozen people. Cities like Linwood and Lawrence dealt with catastrophic destruction after another round of severe weather hammered central states. Trees and power lines were uprooted as strong storms swept through the Northeast. The Southeast continued to bake in record-breaking heat that had broken more than a dozen records. Some residents living along the Arkansas River in Dardanelle, Arkansas, were warned to evacuate as the river continues to rise due to heavy, flooding rains in the region. Fort Smith, Arkansas, suffered extreme damages after the Arkansas River flooded to heights not previously seen. The levees were close to breaking and could revage the area. Rounds of severe weather, including tornadoes continued to sweep the corridor from the Ohio Valley to the mid-Atlantic states. The states of Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland and New Jersey continued to have a highest risk of severe weather, including heavy rains, tornadoes, thunderstorms, widespread flooding and large hail. The Mississippi River was on the rise once again with waters expected to crest within several feet of record levels in Missouri, Iowa and Illinois. Farmers were unable to plant crops because of the weather. Another twister left destruction as it swept through Canton, Texa leaving a path of destruction that tore up metal fencing, flipped vehicles and tore building apart. Thirteen straight days of tornadoes shattered the US twister record. Nearly thirty tornadoes were reported from Texas to Iowa just on the 29th. Central America: Numerous: An area of low pressure off the coast has been bringing widespread rainfall and thunderstorms from Guatemala to Panama, triggering mudslides and washouts to the region. El Salvador: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast south of La Libertad (05-30; 09:03). South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 27,000 feet (8,200 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 17,000 feet (5,200 m) into the air. Solar Activity: The solar wind triggered numerous multi-colored auroras. A small sunspot briefly materialized on the Sun's northern hemisphere; a forerunner of a new Solar Cycle.





June


3rd - New Moon (10h 02M) HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Syrian troops captured a village in the last rebel stronghold in the province of Idlib, while a government airstrike killed at least three civilians. The battle left twenty-five militants and twelve pro-government fighters dead. Israel and Syria: Israeli aircraft struck Syrian army targets after Syrian rockets were fired at the occupied Golan Heights. Three Syrian soldiers were killed. Europe: Serbia: Torrential rains triggered widespead flooding into central Serbia that turned roads into rivers, washed into homes, and damaged bridges, homes and vehicles. Authorities beefed up flood defenses along Serbia's main rivers. Many residents were forced to evacuate. Asia: India: The country baked in a severe heatwave where temperature reached as high as 123 F (50.8 C); temperature that are rarely seen even in the middle of the summer. Rajasthan and the state of Madhya Pradesh were put on alert for "severe heat wave conditions". Japan: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck Izu Islands (06-04; 04:39). Africa: Sudan: The military set out to crush the protest movement opposing its grip on power and overran the main sit-in site in Khartoum. They came in with rounds of gunfire, burned down tents and killed more than thirty people, witnesses and protest leaders. It was condemned by the international community. Uganda: Three landslides struck the landslide-pronev Bududa region, killing at least six and destroying about one hundred homes (early on the 4th). North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Several communities living along the Arkansas River were flooded after the river tore a 40-foot hole in the Dardanelle Levee. Levees along the Mississippi and Missouri rivers also failed, triggering widespread flooding and forced evacuations in Missouri and Iowa. Levee failures along the Mississippi, Missouri and Arkansas rivers also forced prompt mandatory evacuations. A storm system headed for the region could push river levels even higher, expanding the flooding. Moreover, a brewing tropical system -- possibly the second named storm of the Atlantic hurricane season -- may also add to the severity and extent of flooding in the central states. A raging wildfire began sweeping central Washington state forcing local evacuations and transformeding air quality across the state. The fast-moving fire spread rapidly to to more than 18,000 acres in Grant County in a single day.. South America:. Chile: A series of tornadoes tore into towns and cities including Los Angeles and Concepcion that suffered extensive damage, destroying and damaging homes, tossing vehilces, and killing at least one and injuring several others. Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Peru: Sabancaya volcano undewent an explosive eruption with lava flows, sending ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano undewent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Solar Minium brought extra cosmic rays, and noctilucent (night-shining) clouds.

6th-7th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Militants launched an offensive against government forces in the northwest with rockets and missiles lobbed at government forces in villages recently captured from the opposition. The militants burned tires to obstruct warplanes' vision. The rebel fighters advanced in on the village of Al-Jebeen after intense clashes. The government, along with ally Russia, responded with a wave of airstrikes, including dropping barrel bombs on nearby villages. The militants shelled residential homes in the Hama area damaging homes, which was responded to with with artillery fire. Egypt: A militant attack on a checkpoint in the northern Sinai peninsula, west of the city of El-Arish, left eight Egyptian police officers dead. Fourteen ISIS militants - who claimed responsiblity for the attack - were also killed in the gunfight that followed. United Arab Emirates: A bus hit an overhead road sign in Dubai killing at least seventeen and injuring several others. Europe: France, Spain and the Netherlands: Storm Miguel in the Atlantic struck off the west coast of France with hurricane-force winds oveturning a rescue boat, killing three. Storm Miguel also hit northern Spain earlier, damaging some buildings in Galicia, and then swirled around the Bay of Biscay and moved on to France. Like elsewhere alerts were in place further north, with warnings of heavy rain and strong, damaging wind on the western half of the Netherlands. UK: A strong thunderstorm brought flash flooding to parts of Cardiff and South Wales, turning roads into rivers and submerging vehicles. Warnings were issued for other parts of the UK. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosie erution with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Pakistan: A roadside bomb targeted a security vehicle killing three army officers and a soldier, and wounded four soldiers. In a seperate incident, two bombings hours apart targeted vehicles carrying minority Shiite tourists in the town of Ziarat, killing five people and wounding several others. Africa: Sudan: The country's pro-democracy movement vowed to continue its campaign of civil disobedience until the ruling military council is ousted and the killers of 108 protesters are brought to justice. The pro-democracy protests began during the previous lunar phase. Liberia: Thousands of protesters descended on Monrovia to protest the president and the sinking economy. North America: US: A military truck turned over as it was traveling on rough terrain in West Point, killing one cadet and injuring twenty-one others. Texas' and Louisiana's Gulf Coast saw a month's worth of rain in a single day, triggering widespread flooding and killing at least one. The storm system was packed with thunderstorms, several tornadoes and hail the size of golf balls. Damaging winds reached near hurricane-force. At least four tornadoes touched down in Louisiana. The storm then moved east affecting an area from southeastern Louisiana to southern Mississippi, southwestern Alabama and the Florida Panhandle. The onslaught of rains for months triggered an historic low for corn planting as a 'billion-dollar disaster' looms. US and Canada: Severe thunderstorms erupted over parts of the northern Plains and eastern slopes of the Rockies spreading from southern Manitoba, Canada, to parts of the Dakotas, Nebraska and Montana, Wyoming and Colorado, bringing heavy downpours, hail, tornadoes and damaging winds. Mexico: The country deployed 6,000 members of its National Guard on its border with Guatemala in an attempt to prevent the flow of migrants heading to the US. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption.

10th - First Quater (5h 59m) HIGH


Europe: Italy: A plague of locusts wreaked havoc on the island of Sardinia in the worst insect invasion in more than 60 years. Large swarms destroyed thousands of acres of crops and animal-grazing pastures, and invaded homes in Ottana and Orani in the province of Nuoro. The village of Mazzunno, Italy was inundated by mud and floodwaters. The mud flow was triggered by a landslide, forcing families to evacuated from the area , where there were fallen trees and damaged structures. Moldova: The country's pro-Russian president was stripped of his duties and the country's state institutions had been seized, escalating a political crisis. If it leads to a prolonged political crisis it could lead to violent clashes on the streets. Snap elections were called for by the interim president, as the previous election resulted in a stalemate. UK: Heavy rains triggered widespread flooding, power outages and forced the closure of some streets and bridges in England. Warnings were issued for parts of north Devon and north Somerset, north east England and parts of the Midlands, as the rains continued into the next day. The rain totals exceeded the total expected for all of June. Asia: China: About 240,000 people took to the streets of Hong Kong ralling against a bill that critics fear allows extradition to China of political opponents in the region. Indonesia: A massive ash and debris plume towered over a community in North Sumatra as Sinabung volcano erupted. No casualties were reported, but residents were urged to stay vigilant. India: A deep depression strengthened into cyclonic storm Vayu over the Arabian Sea and brought flooding rain, damaging winds and rough seas along the western coast. Tropical downpours triggered mudslides and flooding, and continued to spread up the coast to Maharashtra as the storm tracked northward. Africa: Mali: Militants attacked the ethnic Dogon village of Sobame Da killing at least ninety-five of the residents, while nineteen were missing. Burkina Faso: Dozens of armed men attacked a village in the district of Arbinda, leaving at least nineteen dead. Nigeria: Nigerian troops killed nine key media personalities from ISIS of the West African Province, Iswap. In a separate incident, gunmen undertook a series of attacks on several villages in Rabah area of Sokoto state, killing at least twenty-five and wounding dozens. Ethiopia: The site of the Koshe landfill in the capital, Addis Ababa, collapsed killing one person, while rescuers searched for survivors. Tanzania: A gold mine collapsed in the Morogoro region, killing at least five miners, while rescuers were searching for an unknown number of miners in the rubble. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Severe weather caused a massive crane to crash onto an apartment building in Dallas, Texas, killing one woman and injuring at least five others. More than a foot of rain triggered major flooding in parts of western North Carolina as the Southeast braced for more rain. At least three people were killed. Heavy rains brought flooding that spread across areas from Florida to North Carolina, eastern Tennessee and Virginia. A helicopter crashed into a building in New York City during heavy rain and poor visibility, killing one. Farmers of corn, soybean and rice crops were struggling after historic flooding swept across the central states. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: Government offices, schools and businesses were closed, and public transprtation was suspended, as opposition leaders launched a two-day strike that paralyzed the country. Demonstrators blocked roads and set piles of tires and cars on fire across Port-au-Prince. A day earlier protesters clashed with police, leaving two dead and five injured. Solar Activity: A huge outbreak of noctilucent clouds - night-shining clouds - was sighted in Europe and the US as far south as Oregon, Utah and California. Meanwhile, the solar wind was flowing from a northern coronal hole and would reach Earth in a few days.

13th-14th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: A rocket was fired that struck a building in the Israeli border town of Sderot. In response, Israeli warplanes struck a militant site in the east Gaza Strip. Though it was an agreed ceasefire, the violence flared up when Israel closed Gaza's offshore waters to Palestinian fishermen in response to the burning of farmland. The next day, thousands of Palestinians held protests along the volatile Gaza-Israel frontier, after a night of Israeli airstrikes. Saudi Arabia: Houthi militants attacked the Abha regional airport, wounding twenty-six. The attack was the latest in a wave of rebel drone and missile attacks targeting the Saudi kingdom. The next day, five drones targeted Abha airport and the nearby city of Khamis Mushait. Persian Gulf: Two oil tankers near the Strait of Hormuz, between Iran and Oman, were attacked by mines. Forty-four sailors were evacuated from the vessels with help of the US Navy. The US blamed Iran for the attacks, which Iran says it "categorically rejects". Europe: Italy: Numerous villages in the north were hit by floodwaters, mud and debris after landslides occurred. Around 800 people were forced to evacuate from the area. Asia: Philippines and China: A suspected Chinese vessel hit an anchored fishing boat and then abandoned the twenty-two Filipino fishermen as the boat sank in the disputed South China Sea. Afghanistan: Heavy rains caused an ancient tower in the 12th Century city of Ghazni to collapse. It was one of dozens already destroyed in the city. China: Again thousands protested China's Hong Kong extradition laws, as police and protesters clashed in what was called the worst violence the city has seen in decades. Some government offices shut down in Hong Kong's financial district. Seventy-two people were injured in the violence, including twenty-one police officers; some were in critical condition. A strong rainstorm triggered a massive landslide in Fujian province that was so powerful it pushed dozens of parked vehicles like they were toys. Indonesia: Agung volcano, on the island of Bali, underwent a highly explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 30,000 feet (9,000 m) into the air. Africa: Mozambique: The country's security forces killed at least twenty-six militants in the insurgency-hit province of Cabo Delgado. At least thirteen militants were injured and taken to custody. North America: US: Acres and acres of farmland was flooded from the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers. Homes have been surrounded by flooding, as well, with homes only accessible by boat. Relentless heavy rainfall in Charleston, South Carolina, led to flooding and road closures. Severe weather pounded an area from northern Virginia to Philadelphia, triggering flooding and damaging winds along with two confirmed tornadoes. Two teenagers were killed after being hit by lightning as they were fishing. South America: Chile: The San José mine collapsed trapping three Bolivians 330 feet (100 m) deep underground as rescuers desperately dug to free them. A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck west of Coquimbo (06-14; 00:19). Brazil: Thousands of public workers across the country took part in a general strike against a government proposal to reform pensions. Police used stun grenades on protesters in Rio de Janeiro, while in several cities, roads were blocked with burning tires. Atlantic: West Central: Thousands of protesters again took to the streets of Haiti demanding the resignation of the president, as clashed erupted with police. Some of the protesters tried to storm barriers at the National Palace and others took shelter while heavy gunfire in nearby streets. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream flowing from a northern coronal hole grazed the Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras. Numerous corners of the night sky were filled with noctilucent clouds (night-shining clouds).

17th - Full Moon (8h 31m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Iraq: Three rockets hit near an Iraqi air defense unit north of Baghdad used by Iraqi troops and American trainers; there was no immediate word on casualties. Europe: Mediterranean: A boat carrying migrants to Greece sank in the Aegean Sea, off the Turkish coast, leaving at least twelve migrants dead. The Turkish coast guard rescued thirty-one other migrants. Asia: China: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck Sichuan province near the city of Changning, killing at least two and injuring nineteen (06-17; 14:55). The extent of damage to buildings and infrastructure was not yet known. A 5.2 magnitude aftershock occurred shortly after the main quake. Millions again took to the streets of Hong Kong, even though extradition laws were put on hold (see the previous two lunar phases). India-administered Kashmir: A car bomb targeted an armored vehicle belonging to the Indian army, wounding at least six soldiers and two civilians. A gun battle erupted leaving an army officer and a suspected rebel dead. Pakistan: An avalanche took place in the Ghizer district near the border with Afghanistan, trapping seven climbers. Rescue efforts were postponed due to the region's poor weather conditions. India: The western state of Gujarat avoided a direct hit from former Tropical Cyclone Vayu, but the region still got heavy rains and flash flooding. Africa: Sudan: Protest leaders called for nighttime demonstrations and marches in Khartoum and elsewhere in the country, as a tense standoff with the ruling military continued. At least 128 people have died since the security force's crackdown. Democratic Republic of Congo: Ethnic violence erupted in the province of Ituri, leaving at least 168 people dead. The fighting was between the Hema - who are herders - and Lendu farmers over grazing rights and political representation. Nigeria: A suicide bomber targeted a village video hall in the state of Borno, leaving at least thirty people dead and another forty wounded. New Zealand: L'Esperance Rock, New Zealand, was hit by 7.2 (06-15 22:55), 6.3 (06-16; 05:17), and 6.0 (06-17; 06:02) magnitude earthquakes. North America: US: In Louisiana floodwaters from the Midwest were severely effecting coastal seafood, with the governor declaring a fisheries disaster for the state. Floodwaters rushing in from the Bonnet Carré Spillway north of New Orleans have killed oysters and lowered fish catches. The fresh water drove crabs, shrimp and fish out of bays and marshes and into saltier water where they can survive. Another round of tornadoes struck the central states from North Dakota and Oklahoma to Indiana. Despite plenty of damage to homes and properties, there are no reports of injuries as a result of the storms. Multiple roads in Colorado Springs, Colorado, flooded, as severe storms swept through the city, packing pea-sized hail and heavy rains. Mexico: Popocatépetl Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity, and sent ash plumes 28,000 feet (8,500 m) into the air. South America: Almost all of Argentina, neighbouring Uruguay and some areas of Paraguay were plnged into darkness, affecting more than fifty million people. It was unknown what had caused the blackout, though it was unlikely that it was a cyber-attack. Blackouts often occur around the solstices and equinoxes due to magnetic and electrical surges of the geomagnetic field and telluric currents. The June Solstice would take place in five days. Solar Activity: Noctilucent clouds were sighted in the US as far south as Los Angeles CA and Albuquerque NM, shattering old records for low-latitude sightings of the "night-shining" clouds. A cluster of the red sprites - lightning that explodes upward from the top of powerful thunderstorm - thunderstorms that were located between Los Angeles and Las Vegas. The solar wind was blowing from a coronal hole on the Sun and would hit Earth the next day.

20th-21st - Mid-Phase and June Solstice MAXIMUM


Mideast: Persian Gulf, Iran and US: A US drone was shot down by the Iranian military who claimed the drone entered its airspace. The US nearly undertook a strike on Iran but called it off within minutes as tensions grew in the region. Airlines re-routed their planes away from Iran as a result. Europe: Germany: Thousands of students from sixteen countries across Europe protested near a coal mine in Aachen, urging governments to take bolder action against climate change. Russia: Russian airlines were banned from flying to Georgia following a spate of violent unrest. The unrest came after about 240 people were injuried a day earlier in protests that were ignited by the appearance of a Russian Military Policeman who made a speech in Georgia's parliament. Eleven years ago the two countries were at war. Russia: Raikoke volcano in Central Kuriles, Kuril Islands, underwent a highly explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 43,000 feet (13,100 m) into the air and making it very dangerous to North America and Asia. Asia: Indonesia: In the North Sumatra province a fire swept through a house that doubled as a match factory, killing at least thirty. A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck of Abepura (06-19; 17:24). China: Once again, thousands of protesters filled the streets of Hong Kong, as tensions over the extradition bill escalated. Protesters swarmed the police headquarters demanding the release of fellow protesters still in custody from previous protests. Torrential rains struck Wuhan, the capital of China's Hubei province, submerging many roads under water and forced forty-six small reservoirs to overflow, triggering widespread flooding and mudslides. India: An over-crowded bus plunged into a gorge in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh, killing at least forty-four and injuring dozens. Various: A storm developed in the Philippine Sea, triggering flooding rain from southern China to Japan and across the Philippines, and would continue into the end of June. The cluster of showers and thunderstorms churned the waters between Guam and the Philippines and could develop into a tropical depression. New Zealand: L'Esperance Rock, New Zealand, was hit by 6.4 (06-19; 07:01:42), 6.2 (06-21; 08:37), and 6.0 (06-17; 06:02) magnitude earthquakes. North America: US: Storms that included tornadoes, hurricane-force winds and widespread flooding, were blamed for two deaths and left hundreds of thousands without power across the south. Buildings were damaged or destroyed along a line from Texas to Alabama and later in parts of Georgia, the Carolinas and southeast Virginia. Severe thunderstorms would again sweep across portions of the already flooded Plains and the Mississippi, Ohio and Tennessee valleys. A series of severe and slow-moving thunderstorms pounded southeastern Pennsylvania and New Jersey. The first day of summer looked a lot like the middle of winter in Colorado and Montana as snow blanketed the two states. Central America: Honduras: Protests against the country's president had been building in recent weeks, sparked by proposed health and education reforms. Protesters took to the streets looting shops, attacking government buildings, and blocking roads with barricades and burning tires. The military was deployed across the country after the violent anti-government protests left two dead and at least seventeen wouded by gunfire.

25th - Last Quarter (9h 46m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Egypt: Militants attacked three police checkpoints in the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least six policemen and wounding eight others. At least four militants were killed, including a suicide bomber who targeted one of the checkpoints in the city of al-Arish. Iran: Tensions hightened more as new US sanctions targeted Iran's supreme leader and other top officials. The US president warned that attack on any US interest will be met with "great and overwhelming force" and that "overwhelming will mean obliteration." Iran's president said that the US president was "afflicted by mental retardation." Yemen and Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabia's special forces captured the leader of the ISIS militant group's branch in Yemen during a raid on a house that was under surveillance. Europe: Various: Temperatures continued to rise across Europe in what was potentially deadly heatwave. A plume of hot air was moving into Europe from the Sahara Desert. Russia: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck east of Ust'-Kamchatsk Staryy (06-25; 09:05). Asia: China: Again hundreds of thousands of Hong Kong citizens planned a protest against extradition laws of the mainland. They hoped to win attention and support from world leaders gathering in Osaka, Japan. Singapore: Unauthorised drones disrupted flights at Changi Airport for the second time in a week. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A powerful 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of the island of Saumlaki (06-24; 02:53). Africa: Democratic Respublic of Congo: People were fleeing violence in the Congo at a rate of more than 300 a day, adding pressure on Uganda's already overstretched facilities. The United Nations refugee agency reported that more than 7,500 Congolese have fled the violence since the begining of June. Liberia: Two police officers shot at people protesting against ritual killings in Kingsville, seriously injuring at least one boy. The officers were being investigated for the shooting. North America: US: Severe weather knocked down trees and power lines, leaving tens of thousands of residents across several states in the dark. Dangerous thunderstorms again swept the Plains and Mississippi Valley, spawning torrential rains, damaging winds and tornadoes. Severe weather also plagued the Southeast and Eastern states. The historic flooding of the Mississippi River continued to do more damage, as the high water and flooding continued to delay critical shipments of goods through inland waterways. The delays could end up costing millions of Americans where they shop. Central America: Honduras: Hundres of people, mostly students, protested demanding the resignation of the president amid growing anti-government protests. Military police opened fire on students protesting at a university in the capital, Tegucigalpa, injuring at least four. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 17,000 feet (5200 m) into the air. Pacific: East: The first tropical depression of the Eastern Pacific hurricane season formed off the coast of Mexico. West: A tropical depression, named Dodong in the Philippines, was moving northward across the West Pacific and would bring flooding, mudslides and other impacts to Japan. Solar Activity: Night-shining clouds -- noctilucent clouds -- appeared at record-low latitudes for the second time in June, being seen at low latitude as far south as Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and California. The ionization of the atmosphere left Earth's mesosphere unusually wet contributing to the clouds appearance. The solar wind was flowing from a southern coronal hole and would graze Earth's magnetic field on June 26th.

28th-29th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Paestine and Israel: Thousands of Palestinians protested along the Gaza-Israel frontier, protesting police brutality. Palestinians launched incendiary balloons toward Israeli farmland. Israel responded with tear gas and open fire, wounding nineteen with the gun fire. Syria: Government forces and rebels fought fierce battles that left dozens dead in the country's northwest. The troops tried to regain control of two villages. The army carried out "intense rocket and artillery strikes" on rebel positions in the province of Hama and nearby Idlib. Libya: The government retook the strategic town of Gharyan following clashes with insurgent forces. Yemen: Saudi-led airstrikes intended to strike rebels hit a house in the province of Taiz, killing at least seven. Europe: Various: Thousands of schools closed, outdoor events were canceled and volunteers visited the elderly at home throughout Europe as a record heatwave swept the continent. Several people died in the chocking heat. In Spain a raging wildfire was sparked by the spontaneous combustion of a pile of chicken dung. France hit an all-time record of 114.6 F (45.9 C), while numerous countries hit record highs. Asia: Philippines: Two militant suicide bombers targeted an army camp in the south, killing three soldiers and two civilians. Afghanistan: A bomb blast inside a mosque in Samangan province wounded at least eleven people who were praying. The next day, a Taliban attack against pro-government forces killed at least twenty-five and wounded eight in the province of Baghlan. India: Maoist rebels ambushed Indian paramilitary soldiers patrolling on motorbikes, killing three soldiers and a young girl who was riding in a passing bus. Another young girl in the bus was hit by the bullets in Bijapur district in Chhattisgarh state. Mumbai endured an onslaught of torrential rain when more than 6 inches (152 mm) poured down, turning streets into rivers. Heavy rains caused a high wall to collapse on a group of tin-roofed huts housing migrant workers and their families in Pune, a city in Maharashtra state, killing at least sixteen. Japan and South Korea: Tropical Storm Sepat grazed southeastern Japan and was followed by rounds of heavy rain triggering widespread flooding across the country. A simliar scene swept the southern Korean Peninsula. Days more of rain would make matters worse. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: An open pit mine collapsed killing at least thirty-six people, while rescuers continued to search for more bodies. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms caused widespread damage near Milwaukee, Wisconsin, destroying or damaging buildings, cars and trees. Severe thunderstorms also battered all of the Northeast bringing torrential downpours, damaging winds and large hail. In the Southeast high pressure pushed temperatures into the upper 90s, but felt like in the 100s. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 21,000 feet (6,400 m) into the air. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano, on the island of Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 50,000 feet (15,000 m) into the air. Northwest: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Farallon de Pajaros, Northern Mariana Islands (06-28; 15:51. A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck north of L'Esperance Rock, New Zealand (06-27; 11:04). Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun, sending the solar wind towards Earth.





July


@nd - New Moon (19h 16m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Iran: The elite Revolutionary Guard killed two gunmen trying to infiltrate the country through the border with Turkey. Two Iranian guards were also killed. Iranian forces also confiscated a large number of weapons, explosives and communication systems. Syria and Israel: Israeli warplanes fired missiles at military positions near Damascus and the city of Homs, killing four civilians and wounding twenty-one. A stray missle struck Cyprus (see below). Europe: Russia: Fire broke out on one of the navy's deep-sea research submersibles, and toxic fumes from the blaze killed fourteen sailors on board. Devastating floods swept southeastern Siberia triggered by torrential rains that affected 55 towns and villages in the Irkutsk region. At least eighteen people were killed and another thirteen were missing, and 1,258 people have sought medical assistance. More than 4,000 houses were flooded. Cyprus: A stray missile launched by Syria hit the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, striking a mountainside and triggering a fire. Asia: China: Protests in Hong Kong erupted again, this time with violence. Protesters stormed the Legislative Council building, breaking glass and spray-painting political messages. Police in riot gear used tear gas to drive them off, while thousands more demonstrated peacefully against the proposed extradition laws. India: Heavy monsoon rains caused at least four walls to collapse onto huts and shanties, killing at least thirty-one and injuring more than sixty others. The heavy rain - the heaviest in decades - caused at least eighteen deaths and triggered massive rail, road and air transport disruptions in Mumba, as streets turned into rivers. Afghanistan: Taliban gunmen launched an attack on a government building in Kabul, killing at least three and wounding more than ninety. The gunfight that ensued left all five militants dead. China and Vietnam: A new tropical depression formed in the South China Sea and would bring days of heavy rainfall triggering flooding and mudsldes. Africa: Niger: Militants attacked an army camp at Inates, along the border with Mali, killing at least eighteen soldiers. Nigeria: An oil tanker exploded killing at least forty people and injuring more than sixty. The truck had turned over avoiding a road hazard, and people began collecting the spilling gasoline when it exploded. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano unwent an explosoive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 19,000 feet (5,800 m) into the air. US: Hot and humid weather in the South brought temperatures approachiing 110 F (43.3 C)in eastern areas, as tropical downpours propagated northward over central states. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano unwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 30,000 feet (9,100 m) into the air. Ecuador: Reventador volcano unwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Hurricane Barbara rapidly gained strength reaching Category 4 with sustained winds of 140 mph (220 kph), as it pushed west-northwest over the Pacific Ocean. At the time it was southwest of the southern tip of Mexico's Baja California Peninsula. Solar Activity: A small sunspot emerged on the Sun's Southern Hemisphere and then vanished a short time later, but it ushered in Solar Cycle 25.

MAXIMUM


Mideast: Iraq: Gunmen attacked a paramilitary fighters base of the Tribal Mobilization Forces, near Baghdad, killing at least five and wounding another ten. Libya: Troops loyal to a Libyan military general shot down a plane belonging to forces loyal to the rival unity government. Yemen: Houthi rebels launched drone attacks targeting two Saudi Arabian airports in Abha and Jizan. The attack forced the closure of both airports. Syria: A government airstrike on the village of Mhambel in the province of Idlib killed thirteen. Europe: Greece: Four wildfires were burning out of control on the island of Evia, forcing the evacuation of at least five villages. Greek authorities sent reinforcements to firefighters battling the fires. More than 330 firefighters were assisted by eight water-dropping planes, nine water-dropping helicopters and more than 100 vehicles. Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent a highly explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. Poland: One miner was killed by falling rocks and five were injured after a nearby earthquake taking place at two separate copper mines in the country's southwest. Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban militants fired mortars into a market in Faryab province, killing at least fourteen people and injuring thirty others. It was believed that the attack was meant for a nearby security post. Other Taliban attacks, one each in Farah and Herat provinces, left eighteen Afghan security personnel dead. Turkey: A bomb went off in a car near Turkey's border with Syria, killing two Syrians who were inside the vehicle. The explosion appeared to be terror-linked. Japan: An all-time record rainfall, including Kanoya where 18.60 inches (472.5 mm) fell in a single day, triggered deadly mudslides in southern parts of Kyushu Island, while more flooding rain was threatening the country. Two women were killed in mudslides, and flooding and mudslides damaged or destroyed nearly 100 homes. More than one million people were ordered to evacuate southern Kyushu due to the life-threatening flooding. The rain was still falling. India: Two monsoon lows combined to produce multiple days of widespread downpours across north-central and northeastern India, triggering widespread flooding. Indonesia: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck west of Kota Ternate (07-07; 15:08). Africa: Tunisia: At least eighty migrants were feared dead after a boat capsized off the coast. Malawi: Nationwide protests quickly turned into riots as government offices were burnt in several districts. Several shops were vandalized and vehiclies were stoned. The protesters demanded that the head of Malawi's election commission stand down. North America: US: A new record high temperature was set during a heatwave in Alaska. A temperature of 90 F (32C) was reached at Anchorage airport, which lies in the Arctic Circle. Other nearby places were in the upper 80s F. This comes after record highs in the Spring. The Arctic zone is especially sensitive to fluctuations in climate. A 6.4 magnitude earthquale struck southwest of Searles Valley, California (07-04; 17:33) and about 36 hours later a 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck north of Ridgecrest (07-06; 03:19) - bascially the same general area. Both were the most powerful tremors to shake that region in two decades and was followed by more than a 1,000 aftershocks and could be felt in places between Los Angeles and Las Vegas, and in northern California and Mexico. The quake knocked products off of store shelves, triggered about two dozen fires and medical incidents, knocked down powerlines, and forced the evacuation of several apartment buildings. The govenor declared a state of emergency. An explosion tore into a shopping center in Florida, injuring twenty-one, two seriously. The blast blew out all the windows and destroyed a nearby building. Canada: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck west of Bella Bella (07-04; 04:30). Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air. Central America: Honduras: A fishing boat capsized off the Caribbean coast, killing at least twenty-six. Another forty-seven people were rescued from the boat. The reason for the boat's sinking was unknown. Guatemala: Fuego Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. South America: Venezuela: Anti-government protesters took to the streets of Caracas, a day after a United Nations report on human rights revealed that the government was responsible for 7,000 deaths. Another rally for the government was a strong show of support from the military. Solar Activity: Earth went through and then exited a minor stream of solar wind.

9th - First Quarter (10h 55m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Iran: Kurdish militants opened fire on a Guard vehicle in an ambush in a village near the Iran-Iraq border town of Piranshahr, killing three and wounding one of Iran's Revolutionary Guard members. Syria: A new rebel offensive took place in the Turkman Mountains of the coastal Latakia province, where rebels overran a series of Syrian army positions. The fighting killed thirty-five people on both sides in the onset of the fighting. Europe: Various: Thunderstorms swept across northern Spain, killing at leaast one. The storrm system then moved into southern France and northern Italy unleashing more flooding and damaging winds. Asia: China: In spite of the extradiction laws being declared dead, hundreds of thousands have joined the protests, expressing growing concerns about the steady erosion of civil rights in the semi-autonomous Hong Kong. One demand was that an investigation should be opened into heavy-handed tactics used by police against demonstrators. Heavy rain in Jiangxi province triggered flash flooding, prompting the evacuation of villagers. Bangladesh: Rohingya refugee camps were battered by heavy monsoon rain that triggered landslides and widespread flooding. Thousands were evacuated and at least one person was killed. Hundreds of homes were damaged or destroyed, and bridges were swept away by floodwaters. Africa: Nigeria: Pro-Iran Shia Muslim sect members - the Islamic Movement of Nigeria - protested against the detention of their leader when violent clashes erupted outside Nigeria's National Assembly between police and Shia protesters. Two of the potesters were shot dead and eight policemen were injured. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity, and sent ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. US: Washington, DC, and parts of Maryland and Virginia received 2 to 4 inches of rain in only 1 or 2 hours. The heavy rain triggered widespread flooding and turned roads into rivers for hundreds of thousands. The under ground train stations in these states had waterfalls from the flooding. Damaging wind gusts, large hail, torrential downpours and tornadoes battered the north central states. In Alaska the heat sent the mercury to an all-time record high again in the city of Bethel with a temperature of 91 F (32.8 C). A storm system was developing in the Gulf of Mexico that would dump heavy rain on New Orleans triggering widespreaqd flooding, turning streets into rivers. The storm would then begin to strengthen into Tropical Storm Barry and threaten Louisianna and Texas, and possibly turn into a hurricane.. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 27,000 feet (8,200 m) into the air. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: A new sunspot emerged on the Sun's southern hemisphere, again indicating the transition into Solar Cycle 25 is underway. A coronal mass ejection triggered a minor geomagnetic storm.

12th-13th - Mid-Phase - MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: Government and Russian airstrikes on Idlib city left at least thirteen civilians dead and destroyed numerous buildings. The number of wounded was not yet known. Iran and Iraq: The elite Revolutionary Guard targeted Kurdish militants in northern Iraq, using missiles and cannons. Iranian troops fired artillery into a mountainous area, using drones to identify the targets. The number of miltants killed was not yet known, but one civilian was killed and two were wounded. Europe: Italy: Stromboli volcano, on the Eolian Islands, underwent small explosive eruptions with lava flows. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. A 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck north of Laiwui (07-14; 09:10). Afghanistan: A child was used to carry out a suicide attack on a wedding party in Nangarhar province's Pachiragam district, killing nine and wounding tweleve. The target was a pro-government militia commander. China: Heavy rainfall in the Jiangxi and Zhejian provinces forced hundreds of thousands to evacuate. It also prompted dramatic water rescues in the region. Twenty-two deaths were reported. Protesters again took to the streets of Hong Kong where violent clashes broke out after several thousand people marched against traders from the mainland. Police used pepper spray and batons. Philippines to Taiwan and China: People warned that a named tropical storm may form and bring potential impacts next week. The storm was located to the southwest of Guam was expected to gradually organize into a tropical depression or named storm over the northern Philippine Sea. India: Heavy rain triggered flooding and mudslides that left a trail of destruction across the northeast, killing at least a dozen people and affecting over a million. About 900,000 people spread over 21 of 33 districts had their homes submerged. Several thousands were living in government-run relief camps. Philippines: A moderately strong 5.5 magnitude earthquake struck in the south as people slept, injuring at least twenty-five villagers and damaging several houses, two churches, a public market and a fire station. Japan: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Naze (07-13; 00:57). Africa: Somalia: An al-Shabab militant attack on a hotel in the port city of Kismayo left at least twenty-six dead. The attack began with a suicide car bomb and then gunmen stormed into the hotel setting off a gun battle. Nigeria: A pro-Iran Shia Muslim sect, the Islamic Movement of Nigeria, had two of their members killed and several injured in the city of Kaduna when police fired on an anti-government protest. South Africa: The South African National Defence Force were deployed to violence-hit communities in Cape Town. The violence was due to a turf war between rival gangs, fueled by retaliation attacks. The army was sent in to cull the volence that left at least twenty dead. Sudan: The ruling military council says it had foiled an attempted coup. Australia: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck west of Broome (07-14; 05:39). North America: Canada: An Air Canada flight hit severe turbulence and had to make an emergency landing in Hawaii, injuring thirty-seven. US: Tropical Storm Barry stregthened briefly becoming a Category 1 hurricane, but then weakened with maximum sustained winds of 60 mph (97 kph), and drenched the Gulf Coast states, especially Loiusianna. Barry brought heavy rain that flooded highways, and forced people to scramble to rooftops. Numerous levees were breached by the floodwaterws, forcing mandatory evacuations, and powerful winds did significant damage. Dangerous seas and rip currents threatened areas hundreds of miles away from Barry. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive erupton with lava flows and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. Solar Activity: Noctilucent clouds continued to shine at mid-latitudes, while the mesosphere remains quite wet with water vapor rising to the edge of space. This emphasizes the role of the mid-latatude fields that ionize the atmosphere and condense water as the upper atmosphere flows in and cools, like a cool mirror during a hot shower.

16th - Full Moon (21h 38m) MAXIMUM


Europe: Croatia: About 10,000 people were evacuated from a hip-hop festival on the island of Pag after a fire broke out in a nearby pine forest. Asia: Nepal: Heavy monsoon rains triggered widespread flooding and landslides, leaving at least seventy-eight dead and thirty-two missing. More than 40,000 soldiers and police were using helicopters and roads to rush food, tents and medicine to thousands of people. India: Mosoon rains left authroities battling to provide relief to over four million people in Assam state where at least three hundred were killed. In a separate incident, a four-story residential building collapsed in Mumbai, killing at least ten, while rescuers were searching for several others feared trapped in the rubble. Banglades: More than 100,000 people were affected by flooding in the north and major rivers continued to overflow across the country. Indonesia: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of the island of Bali, causing residents to flee their homes and damaging several buildings. Homes, schools, temples and offices were moderately damaged by the tremor, predominantly in Badung district, near the tourist hub of Kuta. Philippines to Taiwan: A tropical depression formed in the Philippine Sea, and quickly strengthened into Tropical Storm Danas east of Luzon, threatening the area with heavy rains, flooding, mudslides and strong damaging winds. Africa: Nigeria: Ten Turkish sailors were kidnapped by pirates off the coast, reportedly for ransom. The ship was sailing from Cameroon to the Ivory Coast when the pirates boarded the ship in the Gulf of Guinea. In a seprate incident, a building, comprised of homes and several shops, collapsed killing at least five, injuring several others, and trapping people. North America: US: As tropical storm Barry moved further inland its heavy rains left homes and streets flooded in the southern and central states. Barry deposited up to 23.43 inches of rain on Louisiana and over 12 inches of rain in parts of Mississippi. Barry brought extensive flooding to urban, low-lying areas and the Gulf coast, power outages and property damage. Stiffling heat near 100-110 F (38-43 C) in some areas and high humidity then would follow. South America: Peru: A massive fire swallowed a neighborhood in the Amazonian jungle city of Iquitos. Casualties were not yet known. Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosoive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 26,000 feet (7,900 m) into the air. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck north of Kandrian, Papua New Guinea (07-15; 08:21). Solar Activity: The Earth swept through a stream of solar wind flowing from a coronal hole on the Sun.

19th-20th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Iran: An unmanned drone dropped explosives on a base in Amirli, belonging to Iran-backed paramilitary forces in northern Iraq, wounding two. A second attack hit a weapons depot, causing a large fire at the base. ISIS miltants were believed to be behind the attacks. Egypt: Airstrikes targeted militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula, killing at least twenty of the militants. Egypt's air force targeted more than 100 mountainous hideouts of the militants in the city of El-Arish and the town of Bir al-Abd. A day earlier, militants beheaded four people and kidnapped a fifth in Bir al-Abd, and undertook a suicide bombing attack in the town of Sheikh Zuweid. Europe: Greece: A 5.3 magnitude earthquake struck Athens, causing people to run out onto the streets, power outages, knocking out cell phone service and trapping people in elevators. Some buildings were destroyed or damaged, and four peope were injuried. Italy: Mount Etna volcano spewed ash and lava into the air, forcing the closure of two airports. Asia: China: An explosion in a gas factory in the city of Yima left two dead, eighteen seriously injuried and twelve missing. The blast shattered windows two miles away and knocked doors off their hinges. India, Bangladesh and Nepal: Flooding in India, Bangladesh and Nepal continued to be a disaster for more than ten million. More than 165 people died in the monsoon flooding. South Korea and Japan: Tropical Storm Danas unleashed heavy rain on South Korea and Japan, after drenching the Philippines and Taiwan. Afghanistan: Airstrikes by Afghan security forces in Badghis province killed at least ten civilians. Two others were wounded in attacks in Bala Murghab district. Africa: Malawi: Police and opposition supporters clashed as post-election demonstrations took place in several cities. The protesters wanted the chairperson of the election to resign. The military was deployed, and there were reports of protesters being injuried. North America: US and Canada: A heatwave affected about 200 million people in major cities like New York, Washington and Boston in the East Coast, and the Midwest region. Temperstures in some places reached 100-110 F (38-43 C). Canada was also being hit with high temperatures. People were advised to stay indoors and drink water. Heavy, gusty and, in some cases, dangerous thunderstorms ripped across the northern tier of the central and eastern states, as well. These storms extended from Montana and Wyoming to portions of New York state, Pennsylvania and New England. South America: Peru: Ubinas volcano underwent a powerful explosive eruption sending ash plumes 40,000 feet (12,200 m) into the air. Ubinas Volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plues 30,000 feet (9,100 m) into the air. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind was flowing from a coronal hole o the Sun.

25th - Last Quarter (1h 18m) HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Airstrikes pounded villages and towns throughout rebel stronghold in Idlib, Aleppo and Hama provinces, killing at least eleven civilians, some of them buried under the rubble of destroyed buildings. Europe: Various: People across Europe were trying their best to cool off as temperatures soared to over 100 F (38 C). In Paris it was the hottest day ever at 109 F (42.6 C). A red alert was issued in north France. Germany also set a new national temperature record of 107 F (41.5 C), passing the record temperature that was set just a day earlier. Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban militants undertook three bombings in Kabul, killing ten and wounding forty-one. Buildings and vehilces were damaged or destroyed. The Taliban targeted government-related targets. North Korea: The government launched two new versions of short-range missiles into the Sea of Japan. The country's leader claimed that it was a "warning" to South Korea. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Japan: A tropical depression was becoming tropical storm Nari and targeting Japan with heavy rain, rough surf and strong, damaging winds. It would bring flooding and mudslides. Africa: Libya: About 150 Europe-bound migrants were missing and feared drowned after the boats they were traveling in capsized in the Mediterranean Sea off the Libya coast. At least 115 people were missing, and feared drowned, while 134 people were rescued. Sudan: The ruling transitional military council foiled a coup attempt that aimed to hand back the country to the previous governing party, the National Congress. Seventeen serving officers, including generals and colonels, were arrested. Somalia: A suicide bomber targeted the office of the mayoor of Mogadishu, badly injuring him. Seven others were killed. North America: US: Tropical moisture swept the Florida Peninsula and unleashed drenching downpours, gusty thunderstorms and flooding. A round of severe thunderstorms, some with hurricane force winds, and hail battered the northern Plains and Upper Midwest, as well as adjacent areas of Canada. A wildfire in Idaho was ignited by a strike of lightning and quickly burned over 113,000 acres, forcing some evacuations. South America: .Peru: Ubinas Volcano underwent an explosive eruptio sending ash plumes 19,000 feet (5,800 m) into the air. Solar Activity: A new coronal hole emerged over the Sun's eastern limb and a coronal mass ejection was expected to reach Earth by the end of the month.

28th-29th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Government airstrikes targeted the town of Ariha, leaving five people dead and twenty-one wounded. The next day, Syrian troops made advances on the ground in the north, seizing a hilltop village and a nearby town from militants. Yemen: A Saudi-led airstrike hit Al-Thabet market in Saada province, killing at least 1en civilians. Europe: Russia: Nearly 1,400 people were arrested in a violent police crackdown on an opposition protest in Moscow. Police violently dispersed thousands of people who took to the streets in the anti-government protests, leaving some with broken limbs and head injuries. An opposition leader was hospitalized for poisoning – an all too common occurrence with the present administration. Asia: Afghanistan: The first day of the presidential campaign began with a large bomb and gun attack in Kabul, targeting the office of the president's running mate, leaving two dead and twenty-five wounded. Several of the gunmen were also killed by security foeces. China: Pro-democracy protesters again took to the streets of Hong Kong, blocking streets with road signs and umbrellas. Police fired rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse the protesters. Heavy rains triggered a mudslide that buried more than twenty homes in the province of Guizhou, killing at least thirty, while fifteen were missing and forty were rescued. Heavy rains continued to batter parts of the country. India: Authorities rescued 1,050 people from a train after it became trapped by flooding near Mumbai. Heavy monsoon rains triggered widespread flooding to south Asia which has brought the death toll to over 600 people. Philippines: Two earthquakes, magnitudes 5.4 (07-26; 20:16) and 5.7 (07-27; 01:24), hit the province of Batanes, leaving at least eight dead and sixty injuried as homes collapsed. Japan: Sakurajima volcano, on the island of Kyushu, underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck of Shingu (07-27; 18:31). Pakistan: A small military plane crashed into a residential area near the city of Rawalpindi, killing at least twelve and seriously injuring twenty. The crash hit a residential area in the village of Mora Kalu, destroying dozens of homes. The cause of the crash was unknown. China and Vietnam: An area of low pressure formed west of the Philippines and was strengthening as it headed for the two countries. Africa: Libya: An airstrike hit a hospital south of Tripoli, killing at least four doctors and a paramedic, and wounded eight health workers. It was not known who undertook the airstrike. Nigeria: One of the worst extremist attacks in the country's history that took place against civilians left at least sixty-five dead. The attack was undertaken by Boko Haram militants who opened fire on a funeral in the state of Borno. The country's president condemned the attack, and ordered the air force and army to hunt down those who carried it out. Sudan: Hundreds of students were protesting in Obeid for a swift transition to civilian rule when the military opened fire, killing at least five and wounding dozens. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 21,000 feet (6,400 m) into the air. US: A cluster of rain and thunderstorms swept through the northern Plains, spawning two tornadoes in McLeod County, Minnesota. A gunman opened fire at the Gilroy Garlic Festival in Santa Clara County, killing three and wounding twelve. Police officers shot the gunman dead. South America: Brazil: Indigenous people were attacked by heavily-armed miners, killing one in an invasion of a protected reserve. Residents of the village in Amapá state fled in fear and there were concerns that violent clashes could erupt if they tried to reclaim the gold-rich land. A riot broke out at Para state prison where two rival gangs battled each other. Leaders of the one gang set fire to a cell belonging to one of the prison's pavilions, where members of the other gang were located. The fire spread rapidly and prevented rison guards from entering. When all was over fifty-seven inmates were dead, sixteen of which were decapitated. Ecuador: Reventador Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. Sangay Volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 19,000 feet (5,800 m) into the air. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 24,000 feet (7,300 m) into the air. Pacific: East Central: Tropical Storm Erick formed in the Pacific far off the western coast of Mexico and was predicted to become a hurricane in a few days. Its predicted path could take it near the Hawaiian Islands. Tropical storm Flossie was in the wake of Erick, making a possible one-two punch for the islands.. Solar Activity: A coronal hole in the Sun was turning toward Earth and spewing a stream a solar wind in the direction of the Earth.





August


1st - New Moon (3h 12m) MODERATE


Mideast: Yemen: The city of Aden was targeted with double attacks, as a missile fired by rebels hit a military parade and suicide bombers targeted a police station, killing at least fifty-one people. Most of those killed were newly graduated fighters belonging to a militia loyal to the United Arab Emirates. Europe: UK: British police ordered the evacuation of Whaley Bridge - a town of 6,500 people - over fears that a rain-damaged dam could collapse. Asia: Afghanistan: A bus traveling between the cities of Herat and Kandahar was hit by a roadside bomb, killing at least thirty-two and critically wounding fifteen. Koreas: Noth Korea in two separate incidents launched short-range missles into the sea, putting South Korea on edge. China and Vietnam: Tropical Storm Wipha battered southeastern China and northern Vietnam triggering widespread flooding and mudslides. Meanwhile, a new topical system was developing and would become a typhoon battering the same region. Africa: Sudan: Mass marches took place in the capital, Khartoum, and elsewhere across the country, denouncing state violence against pro-democracy protesters. Ironically and sadly, at least four Sudanese demonstrators were shot dead by live ammunition from the ruling military in the city of Omdurman. The Sudanese military arrested seven people in connection with the shooting dead of students in the city of El-Obeid during the previous lunar phase. North America: US: A gas pipeline ruptured in Kentucky, causing a massive explosion that killed one person, hospitalized five others, destroyed railroad tracks and forced the evacuation of a nearby mobile home park. Some homes were consumed by the blaze. Drenching showers and thunderstorms with tropical and non-tropical features merged over the southeast, triggering flash flooding, rough seas and travel disruptions. Multiple rounds of showers and drenching thunderstorms swept across an area from the Rockies and High Plains to part of the Mississippi Valley. The storms brought flooding and damaging winds. A series of thunderstorms swept through the Northeast flooding major cities from Philadelphia to New York City to Boston. In Natick, Massachusetts, trains were halted by flooding on tracks. A microburst with hurricane-force winds pounded the Boston Logan International Airport. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and send ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. South America: Chile: A strong 6.8 magnitude earthquake hit off the coast northwest of San Antonio in the region of Valparaiso (08-01: 18:28). There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and send ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: A strong tropical disturbance developed and was headed for the eastern Caribbean islands. Pacific: South: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck east of Lakatoro, Vanuatu (07-31; 15:02). Solar Activity: The solar wind was flowing from an hourglassed-shaped coronal hole and would reach Earth in a few days.

4th-5th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: An explosion at the Shayrat air base in the Homs province killed twenty-six soldiers. The blast was blamed on a technical error. Europe: Russia: Protesters filled the streets of Moscow where police arrested more than 1,000. Although the protests were peaceful, police cleared them forcefully, advancing aggressively in lines with batons drawn and dragging away hundreds of people. The opposition - who wants open and fair elections - pledged to undertake more protests next week. In a separate incident, a military base in Siberia underwent a series of massive explosions at its ammunition depot, forcing the evacuation of thousands near the town of Achinsk. A state of emergency was declared in the area, west of the city of Krasnoyarsk. Shiveluch volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 12.000 feet (3,700 m) into the air. Asia: China: Protesters in Hong Kong took to the streets again and again police responded with tear gas. The protesters paralyzed major streets, neighborhoods and shopping districts. They also set fires in garbage bins and various other objects. A massive strike was planned for the next day and thousands of businesses planned to shut down. The following day Hong Kong was crippled by the strike. Tens of thousands went on strike to support protesters who have been pressuring the government for changes. Rallies were held in seven districts across Hong Kong that soon gave way to fierce clashes between police and protesters. Philippines: Three ferry boats capsized after being buffeted by fierce winds and waves off two central provinces, leaving at least thirty-nine dead and three missing. Survivors recounted how the sky suddenly turned dark midway through their trip, and then came strong winds and rain that capsized their ferry. Indonesia: Jakarta and other parts of Java island were hit by a widespread power outage that affected tens of millions of people. Even the new mass subway system had to shut down. Afghanistan: An explosive device that was attached to a bus carrying media workers left two dead and three wunded in Kabul. The next day, an Afghan policeman in the province of Kandahar opened fire on his colleagues, killing seven other policemen before fleeing the scene. The Taliban claimed the attack, indicating the shooter had joined them. Japan: A strong 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck east of Namie (08-04; 10:23). The quake shook a wide area of the region, including Fukushima and Miyagi prefectures. No damages or casualties were reported. Indian-administered Kashmir: Thousands of people, including tourists and Hindu pilgrims, evacuated the region after local officials issued a posible terror threat. The "terror threat" was against Hindu pilgrims heading to the Amarnath shrine and India said the threat involved militants backed by Pakistan. Pakistan denied the it was involved. The next day, the Indian government moved to revoke the special status that had granted autonomy to Muslim-majority Kashmir for seven decades. North Korea: Two projectiles - assessed to be similar to the short-range ballistic missiles launched in the last two weeks - were again shot into the Sea of Japan. This was the fourth time in two weeks that missles were launched. Eastern Asia: Tropical Storm Lekima formed and began to strengthen, pounding a regioon from Taiwan to Japan threatening lives and property. Africa: Egypt: A car packed with explosives collided with other vehicles and exploded in central Cairo, killing at least twenty and wounding forty-seven. The car was being driven to carry out an attack elsewhere. Libya: A drone strike hit a town hall meeting in the town of Murzuq, killing at lest forty-two and and wounding more than sixty, thirty of them critically. North America: US: A gunman opened fire in downtown Dayton, Ohio, killing at least nine and wounding twenty-six. The shooter was killed by responding police officers. This mass shooting cme a day after a mass shooting in El Paso, Texas, that killed at least twenty and wounded dozens (on the 3rd). The shooter was caught and authorities considered the act to be "domestic terrorism" and hate crimes. Meanwhile, dangerous heat engulfed the western states with temperatures in the hottest deserts reaching or approaching the 120 F (49 C). Temperatures climbed 5-10 degrees above normal from the deserts of California and Arizona to Idaho and Washington. Another round of severe, damaging thunderstorms erupted over the north-central states, triggering flash flooding, along with damaging winds and large hail. Mexico: Popocatépetl Volcano underwent a highly explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the sir. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 31,000 feet (9,400 m) into the air. Pacific: West: Two new tropical systems developed across the western Pacific Ocean basin. Severe Tropical Storm Francisco was southeast of Japan and brgan to track toward the country in the coming days. Meanwhile, another tropical storm developed and began strengthening east of the Philippinesand was expected to strengthen significantly and track northward toward Japan after Francisco departs. Solar Activity: A fast-moving stream of solar wind hit Earth's magnetic field, triggering a G1-class geomagnetic storm and auroras.

7th - First Quarter (17h 31m) MODERATE


Mideast: Egypt: Security forces killed at least seventeen suspected militants in raids in the Cairo area when they stormed their hideouts in the town of Atsa in Fayoum province and the suburb of Shortouk. Yemen: Separatist forces clashed with Yemeni troops near the presidential palace in Aden. The fighting between pro-government troops and UAE-backed Security Belt forces left at least five dead and two woundedin Aden's Khormaksar neighborhood. Europe: Russia: Two people died and four others were wounded when a rocket engine exploded during a test at a military shooting range in Nyonoksa, in the Arkhangelsk region. Turkey: A 5.8 magnitude earthquake struck east of Baklan, near the town of Bozkurt, in Denizli province, injuring at least twenty and damaging buildings (08-08; 11:25). Asia: India-administered Kashmir: The Indian Prime Minister stripped Kashmir of its statehood and special constitutional status in order to free the disputed Himalayan region of "terrorism and separatism." The government imposed an unprecedented security lockdown and a near-total communications blackout in the Muslim-majority region, arresting more than 500 people (see the previous lunar phase). Taiwan: A 5.9 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Su'a off the northeastern coast, causing some damages (08-07; 21:28). India: Monsoon floods killed more than twenty people and caused widespread damage and destruction in the state of Maharashtra and neighbouring Karnataka. Thousands were stranded by the flood waters. Japan: Parts of Okinawa Prefecture, a group of islands, were hammered with heavy rain and strong winds from Typoon Lekima. Lekima triggered widespread flooding and mudslides along with widespread damages. Africa: South Africa: At least 600 foreign nationals were arrested by police who confiscated firearms and a large number of counterfeit goods. Authorities claimed that the raids were part of a clean up of lawless people. North America: US: US immigration officials arrested about 680 people after a series of raids in the state of Mississippi. The raids took place at chicken processing plants, owned by five different companies, in the towns of Bay Springs, Canton, Carthage, Morton, Pelahatchie and Sebastopol. About 300 were later released. A stabbing and robbery spree that left four people dead and two injured across several crime scenes in Southern California. The situation was described as an act of "pure evil" and a two-hour rampage of "robbery, hate, homicide" Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air. US: Damaging winds, tornadoes and heavy, flooding downpours caused trouble across the Northeast, affecting millions. Powerlines and trees were toppled, roads were turned into rivers, and homes and buildings were damages. Rounds of torrential downpours and the risk of flooding would continue over parts of Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma. Solar Activity: The solar wind was flowing froma a coronal hole and would reach Earth in a few days.

10th-11th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Israel: Muslim worshippers and Israeli police clashed at a major Jerusalem holy site, which Muslims refer to as the Al-Aqsa mosque compound and Jews refer to as the Temple Mount. The clashes took place during prayers marking the Islamic holiday of Eid al-Adha. At least fourteen people were wounded and another four officers were also wounded. Police used tear gas and stun grenades. A day earlier, Israeli troops killed four Palestinian militants who attempted to cross the Gaza border fence. Syria: Government forces captured the important village of Habeet in the province of Idlib, getting close to the major town of Khan Sheikhoun, the last rebel stronghold in the country. Yemen: Separatists aligned with the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council took control of the port city of Aden after days of fighting with troops backed by the government. They clainm to have seized control of military camps and the presidential palace. Europe: Romania: Thousands of people took part in anti-government protests, with the largest rally taking place outside government headquarters in Bucharest. Hundreds of people were injured, including twenty-four police officers. Russia: About sixty thousand protesters took to the streets in Moscow's largest opposition rally since 2011, demanding free and fair elections. Luxembourg: A rare tornado tore through the town of Petange. Another tornado also touched down in the central region of Luxembourg, severely damaging the area. Asia: China: Once again anti-government protesters took to the streets of Hong Kong, while sympathizers joined them in Bejing. Protesters and police got into violent clashes in multiple neighborhoods all across the city. In the Wan Chai district, gasoline bombs and bricks were thrown at riot police who responded by charging at protesters with batons and shooting rubber bullets. It was the tenth such protest since they began. Meanwhile, powerful Typhoon Lekima triggered a landslide that blocked a river which then flooded homes. The river rose rapidly, trapping 120 people in Yongjia county, killing twenty-two people. Another twenty were missing in the area, which lies on the outskirts of the city of Wenzhou. Eleven others died elsewhere in Zhejiang province. India: Monsoon rains triggered floods and mudslides following days of torrential rains in the south, killing at least ninety-three. More than 400,000 have been displaced from their homes. Pakistan: Monsoon rains also battered much of Pakistan, leaving large parts of the city of Karachi underwater and leaving at least seventeen dead. Myanmar: Flooding across portions of the country displaced tens of thousands, with some communities looking more like lakes than towns. The high water was triggered by monsoon rains, which have soaked the region. Africa: Libya: A bomb-laden vehicle exploded outside a shopping mall in the city of Benghazi, killing at least three UN staff members, wounding another three, and wounding nine civlians. Tanzania: A damaged gasoline tanker truck exploded as people were trying to siphon fuel out of it, killing at least sixty-two and injuring another seventy. Australia: Destructive winds with hurricane-force gusts battered south-eastern states, causing road accidents, power cuts and snapping the end off a popular pier. Flights from airports in Sydney and Melbourne were cancelled. Meanwhile, blizzard conditions, destructive winds and extremely low temperatures lashed parts of country's southeast as a deep polar low moved across the region. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms battered the northern plains and central states, bringing destructive winds, widespread flooding, large hail and tornadoes. Solar Activity: The solar wind streamed from a coronal hole triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras.

15th - Full Moon (12h 29m)<LOW/h4>
Mideast: Syria: Government forces gained more ground from insurgents, edging closer to the major rebel-held town of Idlib and its surroundings. A day earlier, militants shot down a government warplane in the area. Fighting took place on two fronts as government forces closed in on the town of Khan Sheikhoun from and besieged rebel-held towns and villages in northern parts of Hama province. Casualties were not reported. Europe: Greece: A wildfire continued to rage on the island of Evia, and quickly grew in size, threatening several villages. Asia: Koreas: South Korea's military took note of North Korea's launching of more projectiles into the sea, adding to the recent streak of weapons tests. Japan: Powerful Typhoon Krosa landed near Kure in western Hiroshima, bringing heavy rain, widespread flooding, mudslides and strong winds, killing three and injuring thirty-four. More than 7,000 people were moved to shelters in 21 prefectures. More than 400,000 people were advised to evacuate, while many trains and hundresd of flights were halted and highways closed. It was predicted that the accumulated rainfall would be 4 feet (1.2 meters) across Japan. Myanmar: Ethnic militants undertook coordinated attacks in five locations, including at a military academy. leaving thirty-six dead. India-administered Kashmir: Pakistan says India fired in the disputed Kashmir region, killing three Pakistani soldiers and two civilians. No furthere details were given. India: A series of monsoon lows crossed the country for days, leaving more than one million displaced with thousands of homes flooded. More than 280 people have been killed across six states. More monsoon rains were forecast, especially for Delhi. Africa: South Africa: Residents of the Soweto township near Johannesburg went on a looting spree, targeting foriegner's shops. Xenophobic attacks have been on the rise in the country. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent a highly explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 21,000 feet (6,400 m) into the air. US: Record-challenging heat baked the Southwest and was forecast to continue for days. Temperatures had already peaked in the 110s F (mid-40s C) over many of the desert areas of the Southwest. More severe storms battered the central states with large hail, damaging wind and tornadoes. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 24,000 feet (7,300 m) into the air. Solar Activity: A minor stream of solar wind that was flowing from a coronal hole would reach Earth in a day. A comet was diving into the Sun and is known to be what is called a Sungrazer.

18th-19th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Syria and Turkey: Syrian airstrikes targeted a Turkish military convoy in Syria, killing at least three civilians and wounding twelve others. Europe: Spain: Wildfires ripped through Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands forcing the evacuation of at least 9.000 residents. Efforts to control the blaze were hampered by high temperatures, strong winds and low humidity. Authorities called the incident "an unprecedented environmental tragedy". Asia: Afghanistan: A series of ten explosions in the province of Nangarhar, around Jalalabad, left at least sixty-six wounded. No group claimed reponsiblity. In a searate incident, a suicide bombing targeted a Kabuk wedding, killing sixty-three. The Taliban claimed reposiblity. India-administered Kashmir and Pakistan: Indian troops fired across the Line of Control in the disputed Kashmir region, killing two civilians and wounding another, in the city of Srinagar. Hundreds of people were involved in clashes with security forces that erupted in several Srinagar neighborhoods. Pakistan claimed that involved "unprovoked cease-fire violations" by India in the border villages of Hot Spring and Chirikot, killing two civilians. Pakistani troops returned fire at the Indian posts from which mortar fire and anti-tank guided missiles had originated, killing two soldiers. Indonesia: Thousands of people in West Papua province protested that security forces had arrested and insulted students from neighboring Papua provinc. They torched a local parliament building and set fire to cars and tires on several blocked roads. Africa: Uganda: A fuel tanker exploded in the town of Kasoe after the driver lost control of the truck and it rammed into four cars, killing at least nineteen. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air. US: Millions began cleaning up after severe weather with torrential rain and strong winds left a trail of destruction across several states. An upper-level dome of high pressure was building over the Southwest and would challenge record highs. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 17,000 feet (5,200 m) into the air. Sangay volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 19,000 feet (5,800 m) into the air. Pacific: East: Storm systems began to develop with one hugging the west coast of Mexico, while a second tropical system that formed could eventually pass close to Hawaii in the coming days. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind flowed from a southern coronal hole and could reach Earth in a couple of days.

23rd - Last Quarter (14h 56m) LOW


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: An explosion took place near a West Bank settlement that Israel said was a Palestinian attack, but it left one Palestinian dead and two others wounded. Syria: Syrian troops seized control of a number of villages in Hama province, completing their takeover of the formerly rebel-held region of Idlib province. The troops seized the villages of Latamneh, Latmeen, Kfar Zeita, Lahaya and Morek. Europe: Russia: Karymsky Volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. Poland: Severe weather unleashed a lightning strike that left at least five people dead, and more than 150 injured at the popular mountain hiking destination of Giewont peak in the Tatra Mountains. The scene was compared to "a terrorist attack." Asia: North Korea: North Korea again fired two unidentified projectiles off its east coast from the South Hamgyong province. Indonesia: Rescuers searched for thirty-four people believed missing after a ferry caught fire off the coast of the island of Java, killing at least three. The fire broke out after the ferry left Surabaya headed for Balikpapan city. The cause of the fire was unknwon. Indian-administered Kashmir: Protests were initially peaceful, but then security forces clashed with protesters in the city of Srinagar. The protest turned violent as protesters threw stones at security forces, who retaliated with tear gas and rubber bullets. Africa: West and Central: More than 9,000 schools have closed and more than 1.9 million children in West and Central Africa have been forced out of school because of increasing violence and many of the attacks specifically targeted education facilities. Algeria: A stampede at a rap concert in Algeria’s capital, Algiers, left at least five dead and twenty injuried. Australia Raging wildfire engulfed Queensland island, forcing the evacuation of thousands. North America: US: Extreme heat baked the Southwest during one of the driest monsoon seasons on record. Yet another round of record-challenging temperatures swept the region with the heat about 10 degrees above average. A tropical disturbance developed along the Gulf Coast that would drift north across the Florida Peninsula and back over the Atlantic Ocean, where it could develop into a tropical depression or storm. South America: Brazil: After intense pressure from European leaders, the government sent in troops to fight a record number of forest fires in the Amazon. Environmental groups held protests in cities across Brazil and outside the Brazilian embassies around the world demanding action against the fires. It was believed that some of the fires were deliberately set by people who want to steal the land. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 23,000 feet (7,000 m) into the air. Pacific: East Central: Tropical Storm Ivo moved parallel to Mexico's western coast without posing a direct threat to land. It had nearly reached hurricane status but began weakening as it moved north. Solar Activity: A coroal hole on the Sun was sending the solar wind towards Earth were it would trigger geomagnetic storms and auroras.

26th-27th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Lebanon: Israeli drones bombed a Palestinian base in eastern Lebanon near the border with Syria. A day earlier, an Israeli drone hit a base of the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah in Beirut, while another exploded and crashed nearby. The Lebanese president called it a "declaration of war." Syria: Airstrikes targeted the last major rebel stronghold in the province of Idlib, killing at least four. The attack forced thousands more to flee their homes in a mass exodus. Europe: Various: An intense heat wave swept across western and central Europe. Spain: A tornado touched down in the village of Campillos, causing extensive damages. Asia: China: Protesters again took to the streets of Hong Kong where protesters attacked officers with sticks and rods. Police responded by drawing their guns and fired a warning shot, and then brought out water cannon trucks for the first time. Thirty-six protesters were arrested (on the 25th). The next days, the miitary performed intimadating anti-protester drills across from Hong Kong. Pakistan-held Kashmir: More than a thousand students chanting "We want freedom" rallied in the capital, in Muzaffarabad, to denounce India's downgrading of the disputed region it controls. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Africa: Sudan: A state of emergency was declared in Sudan's Red Sea state after ethnic violence raged between the Bani Amer and Nuba groups in Port Sudan and left at least thirty-seven people dead. Torrential rain and floods killed sixty-two people. The country has been battered by heavy rains since early July, affecting almost 200,000 people across fifteen states. The UN said that more than 37,000 homes have been destroyed or damaged while more flashfloods were expected. Libya: A boat carrying migrants bound for Europe capsized in the Mediterranean Sea off the Libyan coast, with at least forty people missing and presumed drowned. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms swept the central states with heavy rains, strong winds and widespread flooding. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 21,000 feet (6,400 m) into the air. South America: Brazil: Thousands of fires continued to rage in the Amazon rainforest. A group of nations wanted to send millions to fight the rapidly expanding fire that has been linked to deliberate deforestation. The Brazilian president refused the aid money because he was "insulted." Bolivia: Brazil was not the only place for vast fires, in Bolivia the fires "charred an area nearly as extensive as the nation of Lebanon." Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 26,000 feet (7,900 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: Tropical Storm Dorian approached the Caribbean nearing hurricane strength. Its belived that the first target would be the island of Barbados, which shut fdown, but hit the northern Windward islands instead, and then headed for Puerto Rico. Other Caribbean islands were on a storm watch. Dorian dumped rain on the Windward Islands, gathering power on a path to Puerto Rico's southwest coast and hit then hit the eastern Dominican Republic at near hurricane strength. Dorian was then expected to hit Florida and drench the central US. Meanwhile, anoter storm, Tropical Depression Six, developed, swept parts of the US Southwest and headed northward along the East Coast where it was expected to strengthen and hit parts of Canada. South: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck south of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands (08-27; 23:55). Solar Activity: Two solar wind streams hit the Earth triggering geomgnetic storms and auroras.

30th - New Moon (10h 37m) MODERATE


Europe: UK: An Irish Unity march and counter protest in Glasgow turned violent making it necessary to call in riot police, mounted officers, a helicopter and canine units. A fire destroyed fifty trailers at the Whirlpool Headquarters in Peterborough. Five teenagers were arrested on suspicion of arson in connection to the blaze. North America: US and the Carribean: Hurricane Dorian strengthened into a Category 3 storm after grazing Puerto Rico and was gathering even more strength as it moved toward Florida, where it will make landfall as at least a Category 4 hurricane. With sustained wind speeds between 111 and 129 mph (178-208 kph)it can cause "devastating" destruction. Dorian will approach the northwestern Bahamas before moving on to Florida. A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck west of Bandon, Oregon (08-29; 15:07). Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 21,000 feet (6,400 m) into the air. South America: Amazon: The fires in the Amazon are “extraordinarily concerning” for the planet’s natural life support systems, says the head of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity. And also said that it is a call for countries, companies and consumers to build a new relationship with Nature. Heeding the call, US brands are boycotting Brazilian leather. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream was heading for Earth and it would arrive in a few days, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras.







September


1st and 2nd - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Israel and Lebanon: Hezbollah fired several anti-tank rockets into northern Israel in retaliation for an Israeli drone attack in Beirut last week. The Israeli army responded by attacking targets in southern Lebanon. Yemen: More than 100 people were killed and forty wounded after the Saudi-led coalition launched a series of airstrikes on a detention center. Syria: The US carried out an attack on leaders of a group it calls al-Qaeda in Syria, in the country's rebel-held Idlib province. At least forty people died in a missile strike on a jihadist training camp. Afghanstan: A large explosion in Kabul killed at least five civilians and wounded at least fifty, and destroyed a number of houses. The Taliban claimed responsibility,and was targeting the Green Village compound, which houses several international organizations and guesthouses. Europe: Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent an explosive eruption and sent ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Asia: China: Pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong blocked roads to the airport, disrupting the operation of the major Asian transport hub. Trains to the airport were halted and roads blocked. Thousands of black-clad protesters then tried to enter the terminal building but were stopped by riot police. Africa: Kenya: Seven people have been confirmed dead after a tour group was swept away by a flash flood during heavy rains in a Kenyan national park. Tunisia: Authorities were tracking a radical group in the Kef mountains near the Algerian border when shooting broke out, killing a Tunisian national guard chief and three extremists. Libya: Tripoli’s airport was hit by shelling amid clashes between rival armed groups fighting for control of the city. The next day, the Mitiga airport was closed with all flights suspended "until further notice." South Africa: Rioters in Johannesburg looted shops and set fire to buildings and vehicles, many of which were owned by foreign nationals. Police fired tear gas, rubber bullets and stun grenades to disperse the crowd of rioters. Somalia: An explosion at a key checkpoint in Mogadishu left at least three dead and eleven injuried. A car laden with explosive devices was speeding towards the checkpoint from the town of Afgoye when police stopped it. The occupants jumped out and began shooting when the explosion occurred. Several vehilces were destroyed on the nearby highway. North America: Caribbean and the US: Hurricane Dorian made landfall in the north-western Bahamas as a monster category five storm with sustained winds of up to 180 mph (285 kph). This ranks Dorian as the strongest hurricane on modern record. Areas of the Abaco islands were reported to be underwater after the storm made landfall on Elbow Cay. Dorian unleashed massive flooding and extremely powerful winds across the Bahamas, killing at least twenty. The winds destroyed thousands of homes and businesses, hurled cars, pushed bats and ships on land, and knocked out power. "We are in the midst of a historic tragedy," said the islands' Prime Minister. From the air and sattelite the island looked completely flattened, and more than half was covered with water. Dorian then headed for Florida as a powerful Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds of 165 mph (270 kph). Many of the states on the East Coast were declared to be in a state of emergency. Possibly making matters worse, the National Hurricane Center was keeping track of four potential tropical systems that could become the next tropical depression, possibly Tropical Storm Fernand or the next hurricane. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sent ash plumes 26,000 feet (7,900 m) into the air. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption and sent ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Pacific” Eastern: Tropical Storm Juliette has formed off Mexico's west coast southwest of the Mexican port of Manzanillo and was expected to strengthen into a hurricane. However, forecasters indicated that it was not likely to pose any threat to land. South: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck north of Ndoi Island, Fiji (09-01 15:54). Solar Activity: Earth was beginning to exit a stream of fast-moving solar wind that sparked episodes of G2-class geomagnetic storms and auroras in both hemispheres.

6th - First Quarter (3h 10m)HIGH


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Protests along the perimeter fence separating Gaza and Israel were met with Israeli gunfire, killing two Palestinians. Yemen: Thousands rallied in the province of Taiz demanding the exclusion of the United Arab Emirates from the Saudi-led coalition fighting the Houthi rebels. The government accused the UAE of launching airstrikes against its forces. Fighting between their allies threatens to tear the country apart into even smaller warring factions. Asia: Korean Peninsula: Powerful Typhoon Lingling strengthened on its path toward the Korean Peninsula. Flights were canceled and parks were closed in South Korea. The typhoon was expected to sweep the west coast of South Korea and then make landfall in North Korea. The Korea Meteorological Association warned of flooding, landslides and structure damage caused by strong rains combined with very strong, damaging winds. China: Hong Kong protesters took to the streets again, surrounding a police station and a subway stop, prompting police to fire tear gas and rubber bullets as new violence erupted. This was despite the government's promise to drop a proposed law that began the protests months ago. Japan: A train ploughed into a truck at a crossing south of Tokyo, causing it to derail and burst into flames. One person was killed and thirty were injuried. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 6,000 feet (1,800 m) into the air. Africa: Algeria: Tens of thousands of protesters took to the streets of the Algerian capital and other cities, because of a push for early presidential elevtions. The country has not had an elected president since early April. North America: US: After heavy rains, damaging winds, storm surges several tornadoes along the East Coast, killing at least four, Hurricane Dorian made landfall in North Carolina. A storm surge caused severe flooding in Ocracoke island stranding hundreds. Photos of the sky over parts of Florida and the East Coast turned purple after Hurricane Dorian cleared out. This would be expected if the atmosphere were ionized, like an aurora, contributing to the hurricane's strength. In the Bahamas the death toll rose to thirty, but there were still thoisands missing and authorities said the death toll will be "staggering." Dorian would go on to pass within 160 miles of Nantucket, Massachusetts, and make landfall in Nova Scotia and/or Newfoundland thereafter. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 24,000 feet (7,300 m) into the air. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun's southern hemisphere, spewing a stream of solar wind into space towards Earth.

9th-10th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Unknown warplanes targeted an arms depot and posts of Iranian-backed militias near the Iraqi border, killing at least eighteen soldiers. There were claims that the planes were Israeli. The next day, Israel intercepted two rockets launched from the Gaza Strip, targeting the city of Ashdod where the Prime Minister was speaking. Iraq: A walkway collapsed, setting set off a stampede in the city of Karbala as thousands of Shiite Muslims celebrated one of the most holy days of the year, killing at least thirty-one and injuring about one hundred. In a separate incident, US warplanes dropped 40 tons (36,000 kg) of bombs on Qanus Island in the Tigris River where there were a large number of ISIS militants. Casualties were not reported. Asia: North Korea: North Korea again launched at least two unidentified projectiles toward the Sea of Japan. Myanmar: It was discovered that entire Muslim Rohingya villages were destroyed and replaced by police barracks, government buildings and refugee relocation camps. It is believed that the country's troops carried out ethnic cleansing and genocide in 2017 to get rid of Muslims in a Buddahist-majority country. In 2017 more than 700,000 Rohingya fled Myanmar. Afghanistan: A rocket exploded at the US Embassy in Kabul just minutes into the anniversary of the 9/11 attack on the US. No casualties were reported. Africa: Burkina Faso: Two separate attacks on roadways by alleged militants left twenty-nine dead. One attack involved a truck that drove over an explosive device in Sanmatenga province. Another involved a convoy of vans which were taking food from the UN World Food Programme to people displaced by conflict. The next day, armed gunmen ambushed a paramilitary police unit in Djibo town in Soum province, killing six. Australia: More than 130 bushfires across two states raged in hot and windy conditions in an unprecedented early spring. In Queensland more than 50 fires were burning. Another blaze in neighboring New South Wales burned more than 138,000 acres (56,000 hectares). Hundreds of people had to be evauated. North America: US: THousands were evacuated at the port in Marsh Harbour, a Bahamian island community wrecked by Hurricane Dorian. They headed for the US, but the US President' anti-immgranation perspective caused problems. Canada: Storm Dorian - no longer a hurricane - battered Nova Scotia, toppling trees and cutting power for more than 450,000 people. Dorian then headed for Newfoundland. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 30,000 feet (9,100 m) into the air. Bolivia: Wildfires destroyed about five million acres (two million hectares) of forest where authorities were putting out fires and others were starting them again. The government was under pressure to declare a national emergency. Chile: Chillán volcano uderwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 12,000 feet (3,700 m) into the air. Atlantic: There are numerous tropical disturbances that were being monitored and could approach the Caribbean and North America later in the month. possibly as hurricanes. Solar Activity: Despite there being no sunspots the Arctic lit up with auroras.

14th - Full Moon (4h 33m) HIGH


Mideast: Saudi Arabia: Yemen's Houthi rebels launched drone attacks on the world's largest oil processing facility in the country and a major oil field, triggering huge fires and stopping about half of the supply. This would effect the price of oil worldwide. Europe: Spain: Record rainfall in the southeast triggered widespread, severe flooding submerging twns, turning roads into rivers, and killing at least six. More than 3,500 people had to be rescued. Yemen: Houthi rebels' attacks killed at least thirteen civilians, including women and children, in the provinces of Hodeida and Taiz. Asia: India and Pakistan: The two countries engaged in gunfire along their highly militarized frontier in the disputed Kashmir region, killing two and wounding six others. Pakistan: Militant gunmen engaged in two different attacks in the country's northwest near the Afghan border, killing at least four soldiers. China: Fighting broke out at a shopping mall in Hong Kong between supporters of the ongoing protests for democratic reforms and people backing the central government in Beijing. Thousands also carried lanterns with pro-democracy messages in public areas. Indonesia: The country sealed off thirty plantation companies in Malaysia over forest fires that were spreading a thick, noxious haze around Southeast Asia. The companies and their shareholders started the fires to clear land. Africa: Egypt: A militant attack targeted a checkpoint in the northern Sinai province, leaving at least three forces and three militants dead. No group claimed responsibility. North America: US and Mexico: A tropical depression began to form in the Gulf of Mexico. As a result. heavy rains would hit Texas and eastern Mexico. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,800 m) into the air. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: Still reeling from Hurricane Dorian, the Bahamas were hit by Tropical Storm Humberto that dumped rain on parts of the island's northwest, causing further misery. Amother tropical disturbance was heading west towards the Caribbean, though it is not certain if it will develop into a major storm. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind was flowing from a southern coronal hole and would graze Earth's magnetic field, triggering auroras and geomgnetic storms in a few days.

17th-18th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: Unidentified aircraft attacked a weapons depot belonging to an Iranian-backed paramilitary force in Boukamal, near the border with Iraq, killing at least ten. Palestine and Israel: A rocket barrage from the Gaza Strip fell short of its target and exploded near a house wounding seven Palestinians. Europe: Russia: A gas explosion shook a Soviet-era biological weapons lab in Siberia in the town of Koltsovo. It houses samples of Ebola and smallpox. One person was injuried and none of the biological samples escaped. Asia: Afghanistan: A Taliban suicide attack targeted a campaign rally for Afghan president, killing at least forty-six and wounding seventy. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an eexplosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 6,000 feet (1,800 m) imto the air. Africa: Senegal: A boat capsized in a storm during a trip to a tiny island off the coast, killing six. Liberia: A fire broke out at a boarding school in a suburb of the capital Monrovia, killing at least twenty-seven, most of which were children. Somalia: The country's army killed fifteen al-Shabab fighters in the southern Lower Juba region and two more were killed in the central Hiran region. North America: US: Tropical Depression Imelda brought heavy rain and widespread flooding to the upper Texas Coast and southern Louisiana. Some places in Texas recieved more than 40 inhes (100 cm) of rain subnerging cars and raods, and a major interstate freeway was damaged as barrages broke loose. Mexico: A growing storm threatened tourist resorts along Mexico's Pacific coast. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 24,000 feet (7,000 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: Hurricane Humberto, a powerful Category 3 storm, headed for Bermuda. Bermuda braced for Humberto by making early shutdowns of schools, public transportation and government offices. Humberto pounded Bermuda with strong winds, rough surf, heavy rains and widespread flooding. Atlantic and Pacific: There were six named storms active at the same time in the Eastern Pacific and Atlantic basins, which appears to have tied a record number of combined storms at once in those two area. Four of these tropical cyclones developed on 17th alone. The named storms are Imelda and Jerry in the Atlantic Basin, and Mario and Lorena in the Eastern Pacific Basin. Solar Activity: Earth was moving through a void between significant streams of solar wind. The next stream would take place in a few days.

22nd-23rd - Last Quarter (2h 41m) and Equinox (23rd)MAXIMUM


Mideast: Iraq: Another airstrike targeted a military base in Anbar province. No one was injuried as the strike missed the base. The next day, a rocket attack hit near the US Embassy in Baghdad's Green Zone. There was no word of casualties. Asia: Pakistan: The brakes of a bus failed on a winding mountain road sending it into an embankment, killing twenty-six and injuring twenty passengers. China: Protesters again took to the streets of Hong Kong, trampling on the Chinese Flag, vandalizing two subway stations and setting fires in the streets. Japan: Powerful Typhoon Tapah headed to the main island of Honshu after pounding parts of the country's southern islands with heavy rains, damaging winds and widespread flooding. Indonesia: A protest involving hundreds of people in Wamena in Papua province turned violent, leaving at east twenty dead. Protesters set fire to local government buildings, shops, homes, cars and motorbikes on several roads. Another sixty-five civilians were injured in Wamena and five police officers were critically injured in Jayapura. Afghanistan: Anti-Taliban raids by Afghan forces backed by US airstrikes killed at least forty civilians attending a wedding party in Helmand province. Africa: Egypt: Two days and night of clashes and dozens of arrests accompanied a rare demonstration against the country's president. Kenya: A school collapsed in Nairobi, killing at least seven children injuring two in crtical condition. Another sixty-four children had minor injuries. Burkina Faso: Militants attacked two villages near Bourzanga, killing nine people. North America: US: The remnants of Hurricane Lorena headed for the Desert Southwest bringing with it rains that triggered flash flooding. Severe thunderstorms with damaging winds and large hail also swept some areas. In Arizona streets were turned into rivers east of Phoenix, forcing several rescues of people stranded by the flooding. A possible tornado was reported near Phoenix. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption, and sent ash plumes 22,000 feet (6,700 m) into the air. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 15,000 feet (4,600 m) into the air. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. Chiie: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption, and sent ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: Tropical Storm Karen triggered heavy rains that brought widespread damaging floods, submerging streets and traping people in their homes in Tobago. Landslides and downed trees closed roads. Heavy flooding was reported in Scarborough and South Western Tobago. Seven boats sank. Meanwhile, Tropical Storm Jerry was headed for Bermuda. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream swept the Earth, and was followed by a coronal mass ejection, triggering auroras and geomagnetic storms.

25th-26th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


** Due to circumstances beyond our control thse daye not covered. An attempt will be made to gather this information at a later date. **

28th - New Moon (18h 26m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Yemen: Houthi rebels in Yemen captured thousands of Saudi troops after a major attack near the border between the two countries. There was also a large number of casualties, though the exact number was not made available. Europe: Spain: About 12,000 people marched near Barcelona to protest the jailing of seven Catalan separatists on suspicion they planned to carry out attacks with explosives. Police arrested thoudands of the protesters. Poland: Dozens of far-right protesters tried to disrupt an LGBT pride march were met with police water cannons and pepper spray. Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent a high;y explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Asia: China: A bus collided with a truck on an expressway in Yixing city, killing thirty-six and injuring another thirty-six. Another pro-democracy rally took place in downtown Hong Kong, but ended early amid sporadic violence, with police firing tear gas and a water cannon after protesters threw bricks and gasolime bombs at government offices. India: Heavy, torrential monsoon rains flooded wide areas of northern India, killing at least fifty-nine. Indian-controlled Kashmir: Indian security forces killed three militants in an exchange of gunfire and rescued a civilian in whose house they took refuge. Five militants enter the house in Batote town in Jammu region after they were chased by security forces. Afghanistan: Presidential polls were closed amid accusations voting fraud, and Taliban attacks in the north and south. Philippines: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck south of Pondaguitan (09-29; 02:02). Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent a highly explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) imto the air. Africa: Egypt: Authorities clamped down with tight security measures in Cairo, a day after they sealed off the main square and downtown thoroughfares to stop a possible second protest against the country's president. The previous rare demonstrations in several cities were broken up by thousands of police. North America: US: An historic September snowstorm brought heavy snow and strong winds to the Northern Rockies and record cold to parts of the West. Some parts of Montana may see blizzard conditions. South America:Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash plumes 12,000 feet (3,700 m) into the air. Atlamtic: East: Hurricane Lorenzo strengthened into a very powerful Categoty 5 hurricane. Lorenzo's intensity is unlike anything on record so far east in the Atlantic Ocean. It usually takes more time for hurricanes to reach that intensity. Lorenzo is a danger to the Azores and may even impact the UK. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras.





October


2nd-3rd - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Iraq: Anti-government protests led to clashes that spread across several provinces, leaving at least thirty-three dead and hundreds injuried. Hundreds of heavily armed security personnel and riot police were deployed and curfews were set. The curews were ignored and the violence continued. The next day the internet was shutdown, as well, and at least six protesters were killed in a ralley in Baghdad. Europe: Portugual: Hurricane Lorenzo - a Category 2 hurricane - swept across the Atlantic Ocean, slaming into the Azores with heavy rains, powerful winds and rough seas, nearly completely destroying the island of Flores’ main port. Hurricanes the size of Lorenzo are rare so far north and east in the Atlantic. Lorenzo began to move northeast toward Ireland and the rest of the UK as it weakens to a Category 1 hurricane. Asia: North Korea: Again a ballistic missile was fired, this time from a submarrine, suggesting an underwater-launched missile. This took place just days before the resumption of nuclear talks with the US. China: Widespread anti-government demonstrations on China's National Day was incensed when a boy was shot by police. This brought out a fearsome escalation of Hong Kong's protest violence. Tiawan: A bridge suddenly collapsed on both ends injuring numerous people, while some others were trapped under the debris and were likely dead. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: An illegal gold mine in the town of Kampene collapsed killing at least twenty-one and seriously injuried three. Kenya: Very strong winds hit parts of the capital Nairobi and the central region. The winds raised huge clouds of dust, uprooted trees, pulled down billboards and knocked out powerlines. Officals warned residents to protect themselves. Mali: Militants attacked two military posts near the border with Burkina Faso killing at least twenty-five soldiers, while sixty more were reported missing. This prompted Malian troops, with air support, to begin a joint operation with forces from Burkina Faso. North America: US: A World War II-era bomber crashed shortly after taking off from Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, killing seven and injuring seven. Every weather station across eight different states streching from New Orleans to New York was reporting temperatures higher than that of Death Valley National Park in California, one of the hottest places on Earth. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent fourteen explosive eruptions in one night, sending ash plumes 23,000 feet (7,000 m) into the air. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption, and sent ash plumes 12,000 feet (3,700 m) into the air. Ecuador: The country’s president declared a state of emergency in hopes of ending street protests and a nationwide transport strike. Protesting transport workers blocked streets and highways. Nineteen people were arrested during unrest in major cities. Police used tear gas to disperse crowds. Atlantic: West Central: Unrest in Haiti continued to disrupt hospitals, orphanages and emergency services, while keeping some two million children from school. Rioters set fire to buidings, cars and tires, blocking roads. Antarctica: Antarctica lost a massive "city-sized" 347-billion-ton iceberg, which broke off from the third largest ice shelf on the continent. Solar Activity: A minor stream of solar wind flowed from a southern coronal hole in the Sun and headed for Earth. Sprites - the strange upward-reaching lightning-like bolts - have been obserced more often in recent times. However, the first example of a "double Gigantic Jet" was onserved.

5th - First Quarter (16h 47m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Iraq: Anti-government protests led to more clashes that spread across several provinces, and brought the death toll to at least ninety-nine. Nearly 4,000 people were wounded. Unknown gunmen attacked the offices of television stations in Baghdad and governmet offices were set on fire. The UN called for an end to the violence. Europe: UK: Lorenzo -- no longer a hurricane -- still packed powerful winds lashing the coast of Cornwall, kicking up hige waves. A yellow wind warning had been issued for parts of Northern Ireland, as well as Cornwall, Devon and parts of Wales. The full extent of the damages was not yet available. Asia: China: Violent protests again erupted in Hong Kong after China's president banned the wearing of face masks. The proptesters wore the masks to prevent them from being identified by "Big Brother". Pakistani-controlled Kashmir: Thousands marched toward the highly militarized Line of Control that divides the territory between Pakistan and India to protest the lockdown in Indian-administered Kashmir. There were fears that violence could erupt. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent continuing explosive eruptions, sending ash plumes 21,000 feet (6,400 m) into the air. South America: Ecuador: A second day of protests swept Quito, the capital, after the president cut fuel subsidies. A dozen police cars were destroyed, a local government building was attacked, and there was looting and clashes with police. About 350 protesters were arrested and twenty-eight policemen were injuried. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: Haiti braced for more unrest as opposition leaders, emboldened by a massive protest demanding the resignation of the president, pledged to continue the proests. The death toll reached at least seventeen and the economy was in shambles, while two million children were still unable to go to school. Solar Activity: A minor stream of solar wind was flowing from a southern coronal hole and could graze Earth in a few days.

8th-9th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Turkey and Syria: Turkey undertook a military operation in northeastern Syria. The US president stepped aside for an expected Turkish attack on Syrian Kurdish fighters, who have fought alongside Americans for years combating ISIS militants. The next day, Turkey attacked Syria using airstrikes and shelling targeting Syrian Kurdish fighters. The offensive could create a new wave of displaced people and thousands of ISIS militant prisoners could escape. So far at least seven civilians were killed and more than seventy were wounded. Yemen: An explosive device went off near the city of Hodeida, killing at least four children and wounding another two. Europe: Poland: Soldiers tried to defuse World War II explosives recently found in the forest near the town of Kuznia Raciborska. The explosives went off killing two skilled army soldiers and injuring another four. Germany: A man hijacked a truck and ploughed into eight vehicles waiting at a traffic light, injuring eight people. It was considered an act of terrorism. The next day, a man shot dead two people outside of a synagogue in what has been described an anti-Semitic attack and a far-right motive. Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash plumes 23,000 feet (7,000 m) into the air. Italy: Officials ordered emergency measures after parts of a massive glacier near the famed Mont Blanc were at risk of collapsing, threatening residents of the remote region. Several mountain homes have been declared off-limits because they could be in the path of falling ice. Australia: New South Wales: Bushfire in the state of New South Wales that began a month ago now destroyed or damamged dozens of homes. Scores of blazes burned across the state and neighboring Queensland during a severe drought and soaring temperatures. Africa: Nigeria: Unknown gunmen kidnapped at least nine people a day earlier in the capital, Abuja. They then asked for a ransom. North America: US: The second major storm in ten days dumped several inches to two feet of snow over the northern Rockies and areas farther to the east over the northern Plains which got early-season blizzard conditions. In parts of Washington state, including around Spokane, where a new daily snowfall record for October 8th was set. This unusually far-reaching snowstorm for early October stalled, strengthened and evolved into an "all-out blizzard" over the Dakotas and then sent a blast of cold air across much of the Plains and Midwest. Making matters worse, severe thunderstorms and tornadoes may erupt on the southern edge of the snowstorm. Meanwhile, a storm was brewing over the Atlantic and would pummel coastal Northeast with soaking rain, flooding and strong winds.. In California winds were very strong and wildfires could spread prompting the power company to shut down the power grid in the San Fransico Bay area. The power could be off for days. South America: Ecuador: Thousands of indigenous people stormed Quito's parliament as anti-government protests and clashes forced the president to move his administration out of the capital. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 23,000 feet (7,000 m) into the air. Pacific: Northwest: Super Typhoon Hagibis, the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane, continued to track toward mainland Japan. Forecasters warned of the storm's potentially destructive impacts from wind, rain and storm surge. Solar Activity: The Sun sparked an outburst of auroras over Tromsø, Norway. .

13th - Full Moon (21h 08m) HIGH


Mideast: Syria and Turkey: Turkry expanded its operations in northern Syria. Syrian Kurdish officials said they will work with Damascus to fend off the Turkish invasion, and began deploying along the border. These tensions opened up fresh opportunities for Russia to expand its clout and advance its interests. Europe: Germany: About 10,000 people took to the streets of Berlin protesting a rise in anti-Semitism. The protests came days after a man attacked a synagogue in the city of Halle (see previous lunar phase). Asia: Japan: Typhoon Hagibis slammed into the island nation with heavy rain, strong winds and rough surf. At least 517 homes were partially or totally destroyed, another 1,283 homes were flooded and roads were turned into rivers. Bullet trains became submerged killing dozens. While the death toll was at least 33 and 187 were injuried the figures were explected to climb as rescue efforts were underway. China: A restaurant gas explosion in coastal Jiangsu province's Wuxi city, killed nine and injuried ten. The explosion gutted the restaurant and damaged neighboring shops. In a separate incient, protesters calling for political reforms have started gathering in eighteen Hong Kong districts. The demonstrators gathered in shopping malls in Sha Tin and Tseun Wan holding umbrellas and wearing masks in defiance of a a ban on masks. Indonesia: Semeru volcano, om the island of East Java, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and pyroclastic flows, and sent ash plumes 13,000 feet (4,000 m) into the air. Africa: Somolia: Mortar rounds landed inside the UN and African Union compounds in Mogadishu, wounding several people. The al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab militants claimed responsibility for the attack. Burkina Faso: Armed men stormed the grand mosque in the village of Salmossi, killing at least sixteen and wounding two others during evening prayers. North America: US: California's wildfires that forced the evacuation of thousands continued to turn everything in its path to char and ash. The Santa Ana winds fanned the flames and forced the rapid expansion and growth of the fire. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 25,000 feet (7,600 m) into the air. Atlantic: Central: Three areas bear watching for possible tropical development in the Atlantic Basin. Pacific: East Central: The Eastern Pacific Ocean also has a couple of possiblities for tropical development off Mexico's coast. Solar Activity: The solar wind triggered auroras that could be seen in Tromsø, Norway and other circum-Arctic locations.

16th-17th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: US troops bombed their own anti-ISIS headquarters as Turkey-backed fighters closed in during the US president's hasty retreat. The move was to prevent them from falling into the hands of fighters backed by Turkey. The US ambassador to the United Nations urged Turkey to halt its offensive “and declare a cease-fire immediately.” The next day, a cease-fire was put in place by Turkey Saudi Arabia: A bus collided with a "heavy vehicle" near the Muslim holy city of Medina, killing thirty-five foreign nationals and injuring another four. Europe: Spain: Rioting swept Barcelona and several other Catalan towns for a third straight day. Police fought street battles with protesters angered by the lengthy prison sentences given to nine leaders of the region's drive for independence from Spain. Asia: India-administered Kashmir: Pakistani and Indian troops exchanged gunfire in the Himalayan region of Kashmir, killing four civilians and wounding nearly a dozen others. Philippines: A 6.4 earthquake struck the south, near Columbio (10-16; 11:37), killing one and injuring more thn two dozen. The quake affected several provinces, knocking out power.and destroying or damaging numerous buildings and homes. Several relatively strong aftershocks followed, making matters worse. Lebanon: The country was battling the worst wildfires in decades. The fires consumed numerous homes and buildings, as people could be heard screaming. About 4,000 people were forced to evacuate as flames engulfed areas of Gran Canaria. The next day, the country erupted in protests over the government's plans to impose new taxes amid a severe economic crisis. Thousands held demonstrations across the country. Some protesters threw stones, shoes and water bottles at security forces, vechiles were set on fire and clashes with police erupted. Several policemen and soldiers were injured. Africa: Sudan: A Sudanese rebel group suspended peace talks with the transitional government, because the military attacked them and detained people in a southern area under its control. In a separate incident, a head-on collision between two buses in a small town south of Obeid, killed twenty-one and injuried twenty-nine people. Guinea: Days of protests against the president's bid to extend his time in power, left nine protesters dead, while hospitals were packed with more than seventy wounded protesters. Somalia: A cache of weapons and 300 animals were seized from the militant group al-Shabab in an operation in Reydab village. The animals had been stoken fron local people. Libya: A family was driving on a highway near the capital, Tripoli, when militant gunmen opened fire, killing five. North America: Mexico: An ambush in western Michoacán left thirteen policemen dead. The government sent eighty soldiers and an army helicopter to find the gunmen. US: A "bomb cyclone" strengthened rapidly and was set to bring a flood of drenching rain, high winds and even some high-elevation snow to the Northeast. The next day, the bomb cyclone hit knocking out power to hundreds of thousands, uprooted trees, flipped boats and vechiles, brought hurricane-force winds, triggered widespread flooding and damaged or destroyed buildings and homes. South America: Brazil: An apartment block collapsed in the city of Fortaleza, killing one. Meanwhile, rescue workers worked against the clock to find eight residents who were missing in the rubble. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and send ash plumes 16,000 feet (4,900 m) into the air. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explooive eruption, sending ash plumes 14,000 feet (4,300 m) into the air. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and send ash plumes 24,000 feet (7,300 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: Police clashed with mourners as thousands across Haiti attended funerals for protesters who had died in protests aimed at ousting the country;s president. A budding tropical system in the Gulf of Mexico has the potential to become Tropical Depression 16 and hit Florida. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun and was facing Earth, spewing solar wind in the Earth's direction.

21st - Last Quarter (12h 39m) HIGH


Europe: Lebanon: Hundreds of thousands of people flooded public squares across the country. The president proposed a 2020 budget without new taxes, but protests swelled in the hours after the announcement. Many claimed it was "empty promises" or an attempted coup. Russia: Shiveluch volcano underwent a highly explosive eruption with large pyroclastic flows and sent ash plumes 36,000 feet (11,000 m) into the air. Asia: China: Violent clashes again took place between protesters and police in Hong Kong. Police moved to clear the streets by using tear gas and high pressure water cannons. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and sent ash plumes 7,000 feet (2,100 m) into the air. Africa: Sudan: Thousands of demonstrators took to the streets across the country to call for the disbanding of the former president. Democratic Republic of Congo: A bus accident in Kongo Central province left at least thirty-one dead and sixteen injuried. It was suggested that the bus' brakes may have failed. South Africa: A fire swept through a poor residential area in Cape Town fanned by strong winds. About fifty residences were destroyed while the fire was still spreading. North America: US: Severe stoms, brought hurricane-force winds, heavy rain, lightning and half-dollar-sized hail to parts of Texas. Included in the storms were tornadoes and several violent thunderstorms that tore through the Dallas area, destroying homes, schools and businesses, lifting debris at least three miles into the air and leaving 150,000 people without power. A total of three tornadoes and one damaging downburst have been surveyed in Texas, an EF3, EF1, EF0. A strengthening storm responsible for severe weather and tornadoes in the South moved into an expanding area from the northern and central Plains to the Midwest It unleashed drenching rain, thunderstorms, snow and cold air. The same storm system responsible for damaging thunderstorms and tornadoes over parts of the south-central US would swing toward the East Coast wuth damaging winds and flooding rain. South America: Chile: Protesters defied an emergency decree and confronted police in Santiago. These continuing disturbances have left at least eleven dead. Police used tear gas and streams of water to break up a march by hundreds of students and union members. Prior protests left dozens of stores looted or burned. The country's president said the country is "at war." Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and send ash plumes 26,000 feet (7,900 m) into the air. Atlantic: West Central: In Haiti, unknown suspects shot seven young men as they set up a roadblock as part of protests in the city of Jacmel. Pacific: South: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck north of Isangel, Vanuatu (10-21; 02:52). Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind was headed for Earth and was likely to trigger a G1 Class geomadnetic storm and auroras.

24th-25th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Turkey and Syria: Kurdish-led forces in northeast Syria said Turkish troops and allied Syrian rebels violated a ceasefire. Iraq: Tens of thousands took to the streets of Baghdad blocking public squares and major streets in an anti-goverment protest. The demonstrations were met with police firing live ammunition and tear gas, leaving thirty dead. Europe: UK: Thirty-nine people were found dead in a cargo truck in an industrial park in the town of Grays in Essex. They were believed to be Chineses nationals (on the 23rd). The next day, a man from Northern Ireland had been arrested on suspicion of murder in connection with the deaths. Greece: Police clashed with students in the country's two largest cities as strikes and street protests against a planned restructuring of business rules by the new conservative government triggered the protests. Police used tear gas to disperse the protesters. Lebanon: The country's crisis deepened as protests again broke out (see previous lunar phase). Tens of thousands of protesters blocked main roads, as banks, schools and public institutions remained closed in a widespread economic crisis. France: Torrential rains flooded towns and villages in the south, forcing mass evacuations and leaving at least three dead. The town of Beziers got more rain in 24 hours than in the whole previous year. Russia: A soldier shot and killed eight of his comrades and wounded two others in a base in the town of Gorny in Siberia. The shooter was arrested and the motive was unknown. Asia: India-administered Kashmir: Militant gunmen shot and killed an Indian truck driver and his attendant and wounded another driver as they fired at three vehicles laden with the region's apples. Apparent;y, it was partly a result of India taking away the region's autonomy. The next day, India shelled homes in Neelum Valley in Kashmir, killing three civilians. Pakistani troops returned fire. Afghanistan: A Taliban suicide attack targeted a convoy carrying officials from the intelligence service, killing five in Nangarhar province. Africa: Ethiopia: Dozens of people might be dead in two days of unrest marked by tensions between security forces and the country's most prominent activist, the ruling Nobel Peace Prize-winner. The next day, the government sent in troops to calm the situation. The death toll rose to twenty-seven. Guinea: Tens of thousands took to the streets of the capital to protest the president's bid to seek another term.Several thousand police were deployed to keep the peace. An earlier protest left nine dead and dozens wounded by dunshots. Somalia: A US airstrike killed three senior officers linked to ISIS. The airstrike targeted their vehicle while the men were travelling in Golis. North America: US: Thousands were evacuated as the Kincade wildfire raged. The fire had already engulfed 30,000 acres of land in Sonoma County as it was fanned by powerful winds, with near hurricane-force gusts. It was discovered that the wildfires were sparked minutes after an electrical failure of a damaged powerline. Meanwhile, a new fire erupted near Santa Clarita where 10,000 structures are threatened by the Tick Fire.. About 50,000 people have been evacuated from their homes in the northern part of the state. A tropical disturbance began developing in the Gulf of Mexico and would bring heavy rains to the southern US. It was likely to develop into a tropical depression. Unexpectedly, the next day it had developed into Tropical Storm Olga heded for the Southeast. South America: Chile: A new round of clashes broke out as demonstrators returned to streets, dissatisfied with economic concessions announced by the government (see the previous lunar phase). Protesters threw stones at police who used water vannons and tear gas. At least eighteen peple have died since the protests began. The next day, a million protesters again took to the streets of the capital. Hundreds of protesters tried to force their way onto the grounds of congress in the city of Valparaiso, but were stopped by police with tear gas. Bolivia: A presidental election ended and a official was declared the winner, despite disputed results that sparked riots and claims of fraud. This again triggered protests. Police fired tear gas at crowds who protested by the thousands in the capital, La Paz. Clashes also broke out in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, the country's largest city and an opposition stronghold. Atlantic: West Central: Protests calling for the exit of Honduras' president turned violent as police used tear gas to disperse hundreds of demonstrators in the captial, Tegucigalpa. Protesters blocked roads with burning tires and damaged businesses. South: A 6.3 magnitutude earthquake struck north of Ascension Island (10-23; 16:08). Solar Activity: Earth moved deep into a fast-moving stream of solar wind, triggering G2-class geomagnetic storms and auroras that could be seen across the US-Canadian border into Minnesota:

28th - New Moon (3h 38m) MODERATE


Mideast: Iraq: Thousands of students joined anti-government protests; an estimated 25,000 protesters in total. Clashes with security forces, who fired tear gas, left at least three demonstrators dead and wounded more than one hundred (the protests began 4 days ago; see last lunar phase). In a separate incident, three rockets targeted a large military base north of Baghdad that houses US and Iraqi forces. The base was badly damaged, but the were no casualties. Europe: France: A man attempted to burn the door of a mosque in the town of Bayonne and shot two witnesses. He then set a car on fire as he left the area, but was later arrested. Lebanon: The country's anti-government crisis deepened further as protests again broke out (see previous lunar phase). Streets were blocked by various means. Protesters set fires to block the airport road in Beirut and elsewhere burned tires and overturned dumpsters. They also attempted to create a 105-mile-long human chain. The prolonged closure of banks raised fears of an economic collapse. Asia: Philippines: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck east of Bual (10-29; 01:04). India: Super Cyclonic Storm Kyarr, one of the strongest storms in recent memory in the Arabian Sea, lashed the Indian coastline. Maximum sustained winds were around 143 mph (230 kph), making it the equivalent of a Category 4 hurricane. As it began to move away from the coast it created very rough seas, and was expexted to strengthen. Africa: Burkina Faso: Gunmen attacked the village of Pobe Mengao in the Sahel region, killing at least nineteen (on the 27th). It was bellieved that the militants came from Mali. Gambia: A fire at a major industrial area outside the capital, Banjul, destroyed millions of dollars' worth of goods, including fifty cars. Tunisia: Fourteen hours of rainfall brought havoc across parts of the country. Overturned cars were swept away and buildings were flooded. North America: US: Firefighters battled destructive wildfires north of San Francisco and in western Los Angeles. The fires forced thousands to evacuate. Thousands of structures, including luxury homes, were about to be consumed by the fires. Blackouts left more than two million in the region without power. California's governor declared a state-wide emergency. The utility company said that their powerlines probably started both fitrs. South America: Chile: New protests erupted as looting and attacks on businesses erupted in spite of the replacement of key Cabinet members. In one case a building was set on fire. Thousands of protesters crowded again into central Santiago (see previous lunar phase). Bolivia: Backers and foes of the country's president blocked streets and highways across the country in a dispute over official election results (see previous lunar phase). Pro- and anti-president demonstrators clashed in the capital of La Paz, where schools and many businesses were closed and public transport was frozen. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun and it was spewing a stream of solar wind toward Earth.

31st-November 1st - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Isreal and Palestine: The Israeli military struck targets in the Gaza Strip in response to a Palestinian rocket attack. The tank and aircraft fire struck two Hamas military posts in northern Gaza. No casualties were reported. The next day, Palestinian militants in Gaza fired seven rockets into southern Israel, causing damage to a house and blowing out car windows. No injuries were reported. Iraq: Tens of thousands gathered in Baghdad's Tahrir Square in one the biggest anti-government demonstrations. Security forces have killed at least 255 and wounded at least 350 people in two previous protests. Yet, the protesters defied them and took to the streets. Yemen: Houthi rebels shot down a US drone along the border with Saudi Arabia. They claim that the drone was conducting "espionage and hostile operations" near the Saudi province of Asir when the rebels shot it down. Europe: Lebanon: Protesters again blocked roads and thousands packed into public squares. Their revolution was far from over despite the resignation of the prime minister (see the previous lunar phase). The next day, banks reopened as concerns that the severe fiscal crisis that gave rise to the protests could worsen. Asia: Pakistan: A raging fire caused by a cooking gas stove swept through a train, killing at least seventy-four. Dozens of people jumped in panic from the speeding train, which took 20 minutes to stop, according ti pasengers. Philippines: A truck carrying about forty people plummeted down a mountain ravine in Conner town in Apayao province, killing at least nineteen. It seems that the truck's brakes failed causing the drver to lose control. A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck east of Bual (10-29; 01:04), and was followed by a 6.4 magntitude earthquake that struck south of Kisante (10-31; 01:11). India: Five million masks were distributed throughout schools in Delhi,, which was described as a “gas chamber” because of the “toxic” air quality. All schools were ordered closed until November 5th. Africa: South Sudan: The UN migration agency halted Ebola screenings at five border crossings after three of its aid workers were killed. Several volunteers were caught in the crossfire during clashes between rival groups. In a separate inncident, the government declared a state of emergency in flood-hit areas, following weeks of heavy rain. East Africa: Nearly one million people have been affected by heavy flooding Severe flooding has, since July, submerged entire communities and forced hundreds of thousands from their homes Parts of the region are bracing for a tropical storm, Kyarr, that could worsen an already dire humanitarian crisis.. Mali: A militant attack took place in the Menaka area, leaving fifteen Malian soldiers dead. Algeria: Tens of thousands of demonstrators converged on the streets of Algiers demanding a "new revolution" and opposing the government's proposed election next month. Authorities shut its transportation service and all trains to the capital in an effort to keep protesters away, but many arrived by bus. North America: US: The Northeast braced for a powerful storm and cold front that "may seem like a hurricane for a time." It brought damaging winds, heavy flooding rain and isolated tornadoes. This powerful storms toppled trees, power lines and triggered severe flooding. Meanwhile, a snow storm swept across the Midwest states. In Chicago a 96-year old record snowfall was shattered. Bitter cold and high winds would mark ths next day for the Midwest. Wildfires continued to scorch parts of California, and sparked more fires in the Los Angeles area, as well as northern California. Hurricane-force winds sent sparks flying, setting other areas ablaze. Thousands more were forced from their homes, as a state of emergency remained in effect. South America: Chile: Thousands again engaged in anti-government protests, including a demand for improved social services. Again, they blocked streets in the capital of La Paz (see the two previous lunar phases). Bolivia: Clashes broke out between supporters and opponents of the country's president over the disputed presidential election, leaving at least two dead and dozens injuried. The next day, more violence erupted as police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at protesters, as tensions over the disputed election escalated. Protesters set fire to barricades and threw tear gas back at police lines Brazil: Wildfires advanced across a 31-mile (50-km) long area of Pantanal wetlands. The blaze rapidly avanced due to the combination of high temperatures and high winds. This forced indigenous people and wildlife to flee. Over 8,000 fires have been recorded in the Pantanal area this year. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind flowed from a southern coronal hole, triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras around the Arctic Circle.





November


4th - First Quarter (10h 23m) LOW


Mideast: Iraq: Anti-government protests again erupted in Baghdad (see prefious lunar phase). As the protests approached the prime minister's office, security forces fired live ammunition and tear gas, killing at least five demonstrators and wounding at least sixty. The protesters attacked the Iranian consulate in Karbala - since they believe that Iran is controlling the government - leaving three dead. Europe: Lebanon: Protesters closed major roads in Beirut and elsewhere, demanding an end to widespread corruption and mismanagement by the political class (see previous lunar phases). Many schools, universities and businesses were closed, as protesters blocked main roads and highways. Africa: Uganda:Police fired tear gas at journalists in the capital, Kampala, in protests against alleged police abuse. The protesters demanded a proper investigation and prosecution of the police officers who allegedly beat and arrested the several journalists, last week. Other protesters tried to deliver a petition to police headquarters but were blocked and attacked with tear gas. East Africa: The region was again to be hit with more heavy rain and flooding adding to the one million people plagued with flooding that had already killed hundreds. The worst of the rains would hit Ethiopia and Somalia the hardest. Burkina Faso: Four people were killed in an ambush by militant gunmeen, including the deputy mayor of the town of Djibo. North America: US: An Alberta Clipper brought blowing snow and bitter cold to the Midwest and the Great Lakes. Meanwhile, waves of mid-winter cold blasted across the eastern two-thirds of the country. Deepening cold hit the northern Plains to the Northeast, and even colder air was set to blast into the East. The deepening cold was accompanied by a storm bringing soaking, flooding rain to portions of the South and disruptive snow to portions of the Northeast. South America: Chule: Thousands again took to the streets to demand better social services. Some protesters clashed with police, as protesters demanded an end to economic inequality. So far at least twety people have died in clashes amid looting and at least six police officers were injured, including two who were attacked and set on fire (see the prefious lunar phase). A strong 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck near the capital, La Paz, southwest of Illapel (11-04; 21:53), causing buildings to sway as thousands of people marched Peru: Sabancaya Volcano underwent an explosive erupption with lalva flows, and sending ash piumes 26,000 feet (7,900 m) lnto the air.

7th-8th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Iraq: Protesters tried to remove barriers blocking their march in Baghdad when police shot and killed six of the protesters involved. At least forty-one protesters were wounded as security forces fired live rounds and tear gas to disperse the demonstraters. See the previous lunar phase for more info. The next day, a barrage of seventeen Katyusha rockets targeted an airbase in Qayyara, that houses American troops near the city of Mosul. No one claimed responsibility, and there were no reports of casualties. Iran: A 5.9 magnitude earthquake struck near the town of Tark (northeat of Hashtrud), in East Azerbaijan province (11-07; 22:47), killing at least five, injuring 312 and destroying at least thirty homes. Other structures were also damaged or destroyed. Europe: UK: Very heavy rainfall flooded the streets of Sheffield in South Yorkshire and stranded hundreds of people in a shopping center. Elsewhere, thirty-five homes in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, were evacuated after a mudslide was triggered by torrential rain. There were fears that some rivers could overflow forcing more evacuations. The next day, more torrential rain drenched parts of north and central England, swelling rivers and forcing evacuations. One woman was swept away by floodwaters to her death. Some people claim that the two days of rain were 'almost Biblical.' Asia: India and Bangladesh: Severe Cyclone Bulbul was strengthening across the Bay of Bengal and threatens flooding across northeast India and southern Bangladesh. China: A Hong Kong university student fell off a parking garage near a protest site and died of his injuries, inflaming passions for yet another protests. Africa: Burkina Faso: Militant gunmen ambushed a convoy carrying employees of a Canadian mining company, leaving at least thirty-seven dead and sixty wounded. Burkina Faso's president vowed to take down the terrorists. Guinea: Heavy rains triggered a mudslide in an abandoned gold mine in Kithinian, killing at least twelve. Residents in the area said that there were some people trapped, but did not know how many. Nigeria: Soldiers were on patrol when they were ambushed by militants, leaving ten dead and nine seriously wounded, while twelve were still missing. The attack took place in Borno State, where Boko Haram militants reside. South Sudan: Recent flooding in Pibor left entire communties under water, forcing residents to evacuate the area. More than 400;000 people lost their homes. The UN warned that it was an an unfolding emergency. Australia: Bushfires destroyed more than one hundred homes, killed at least two, injuried more than thirty and several people were missing. Firefighters battled 90 fires across the country's most populous state, New South Wales. The fires were described as an "unprecedented" number of emergency-level bushfires. North America: Mexico: About 850 local, state and federal security personnel raided a big state prison in Ciudad Juarez, when criminals created a wave of chaos outside the walls. Ten people were killed in various incidents around the city as criminals tried unsuccessfully to create a diversion to stop the raid and escape. US: A bitter blast of Arctic air sent temperatures plunging from Montana to Texas. In some places temperatures dipped by more than forty degrees below normal. Millions across the East braced for cold that could break records set 40 years ago. The bitter cold was expected to last most of the week. A potent snowstorm was headed for a region that stretched from the Ohio Valley to the Northeast, az well. South America: Colombia: The country's Defense Minister quit his job after it was revealed that at least eight children were blown up by the country's military during an aerial raid against a criminal group's hideout on the edge of the Amazon rainforest. Chile: Protesters looted a Roman Catholic church near the main gathering site for three weeks of mass protests against the country's government over inequality. About 75,000 people crowded into Santiago's Plaza Italia square where they chanted and held banners. Smoke rose from the nearby headquarters of Pedro de Valdivia University, which was also looted. At least twenty people died and an estimated 2,500 have been injured over the 22 days of protests (see previous lunar phases). Pacific: South: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck south of Ndoi Island, Fiji (11-08; 10:44). Solar Activity: A new coronal hole opened up on the Sun nd was spewing a stream of solar wind toward Earth.

12th - Full Moon (12h 34m) MODERATE


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: Israel targeted two senior commanders from the Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad, killing one in the Gaza Strip. The militants fired scores of rockets into Israel in response, some reaching as far as Tel Aviv. Israeli warplanes responded with a series of airstrikes on Islamic Jihad targets. Eight others were killed, including at least seven militants. Europe: Lebanon: A man was shot dead during demonstrations in Beirut, making it the first death in 27 days of nationwide protests. Italy: Venice's high tide water level crested after severe weather, but the government warned that an even higher tide was forecast for after nightfall. The high water invaded homes, cafes and other businesses. UK: England's widespread flooding was declared a national emergency. Communities would get practical and financial help, as hundreds of homes and businesses were damaged or destroyed. Asia: Pakistan:Soldiers were on patrol in the North Waziristan region when a roadside bomb exploded killing three soldiers and wounding another. No one clained respnsibility, but the Taliban were suspected. China: Protesters in Hong Kong were again battling police on multiple fronts as the 5-month-old anti-government movement became increasingly violent. Gasoline bombs and fires lit up the night as the clashes stretched from morning to night. Protesters also blocked roads with debris and diaabled vehicles. Police used tear gas and water canon to disperse to crowd. The police claimed that the rule of law on the 'brink of collapse'. Africa: Mali: Several extremists were killed after the army launched a large-scale offensive in parts of the central Mopti region. The offensive came after about 100 soldiers were killed by extremists in the span of a month. Nigeria: State security service fired live rounds to disperse protesters in the capital, Abuja, demanding the release of a detained activist. Australia: Bushfires destroyed more than another fifty homes and thirteen firefighters were injured, as the catastrophic fire continued. The bushfires had reached Sydney's suburbs. North America: US: An Arctic blast, which began in Siberia, brought record=low temperatures, heavy snow and ice to many areas. The Arctic blast plunged 200 million Americans across the US into a deep freeze. The severe weather was blamed for at least four deaths, schools were closed and more than 1,000 flights were canceled. The snow caused an 85-vehicle pileup in Ohio. Hundreds of record low temperatures were broken from Texas to Maine and the Great Lakes to Florida. South America: Bolivia: After opposition leader assumed the interim president clashes erupted ub the capital, La Paz. Pacific: South: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Pangai, Tonga (11-11; 23:03). Solar Activity: A small new sunspot was emerging over the Sun's southeastern limb.

15th-16th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Palestine and Israel: A series of Israeli airstrikes targeted areas linked to a Jihad militant group in Gaza. The strikes hit a military compound, a rocket-manufacturing site and a militant headquarters in the town of Khan Younis. Iraq: Security forces fired live ammunition and tear gas aa new clashes erupted with anti-government protesters in central Baghdad, killing three people (see previous lunar phase). A bomb that was placed under a car exploded near a central square, killing two protesters and wounding ten others, and destroying several vehicles. The next day, anti-government protesters gained control of a strategic square, as they got closer toward their goal of reaching the heavily fortified Green Zone, the seat of government. Iran: Two vans crashed into each other near the town of Khash, in Sistan and Baluchistan province, killing twenty-eight and injuring twenty-one. The next day, protesters angered by raising subsidized gasoline prices blocked traffic in several cities and clashed with police. Police officers fired tear gas at protesters and mobs set fires. At least one protester was killed. Syria: A car bomb exploded in a northern Syrian town controlled by Turkey-backed opposition fighters, killing at least eigteen and wounding several others. Europe: Italy: Venice was hit with its worst floodong in over 50 years, caused by a nearly 6-foot (1.9-m) tide that sent waist-high water flowing through Saint Mark’s Square. Danages were in the hundredds of millions of dollars. France: French police fired water cannons and tear gas in Paris to drive back protesters. Demonstrators vandalized a bank and set fire to cars. They set trash cans on fire and hurled stones and bottles at riot police while building barricades. Lebanon: Lebanese security forces began boosting measures near the country’s banks that have been closed for more than a week over fears by employees for their safety amid nationwide unrest. Bosnia: A heavy storm in Bosnia swept through a makeshift migrant camp, blowing off tents and soaking the already muddy field in more water and mud. Asia: Indonesia: An elite counterterrorism squad shot and killed two suspected militants who may have had links to a suicide attack at a busy police station. A 7'1 magneitude earthquale struck east of Bitung, Indonesia (11-14 16:17). Pakistan: A roadside bomb killed three paramilitary troops and wounded five. The remote-controlled bomb was placed in a motorcycle parked in the town of Kuchlak. Africa: Mali The country’s military abandoned some of its most isolated outposts in the desert while extremist attacks have killed more than 100 soldiers over six weeks. Australia: New bushfires erupted as forecasts indicated that temperatures will rise making the situation worse. Amid a drought and this would trigger more fires. So far, four people have died from the fires, which are feeding off drought-stricken farmland and bush. North America: US: Gale warnings were put into effect as a big Nor'easter began sweepimg the East Coast. High winds, heavy surf and flooding rain began there trek up the coast. After spreading rain eastward across the south, the storm strengthened along the Carolina coast and moved into the Northeast. South America: Bolivia: Clashs broke out between those who support the presudent, and soldiers and police in the town of Sacaba, leaving at leeast five dead and seventy-five wounded. Chile: New mass protests and a nationwide strike brought parts of Chile to a standstill as discontent over inequality continued. Protesters blocked streets with fires and debris, while poloce used teer gas and water cannons. Solar Activity: A strem of solar wond triggered auroras around the Arctic Circle.

19th - Last Quarter (21h 13m) MODERATE


22nd-23rd - Mid-Phase MODERATE


26th - New Moon (15h 06m) HIGH


s

29th-30th - Mid-Phase HIGH




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