Overview: This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click here. This calendar indicates the dates on which it is more likely for there to be earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, major weather events, wars, civil unrest, and solar activity. This not astrology. For a more detailed description on what the calendar is based upon click here. Note: All times shown are 24-hour Universal Time and actual local times will usually differ, and local dates may also differ. For earthquakes they are shown as (date; hour:minute); example (01-01; 08:03), which is January 1 at 8:03. Only earthquakes of magnitude 6.0 or greater will be listed, with the exception of lesser magnitudes that cause damage.




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Last Update: December 11, 2018




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January


2nd - Full Moon (2h 24m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Iran: A wave of violent protests was still sweeping the country (see previous lunar phase in 2017), leaving at least twenty-two dead. Buildings were burned down in the town of Behbahan, flash bombs or grenades were thrown in Rasht, and street fires were ignited in Karaj, as police fired tear gas to break up protests. More than 450 arrests were made in Tehran alone. Europe: Italy: A truck crashed into a car that then slammed into the back of a tanker truck, causing it to explode on a highway near Brescia, leaving six dead. UK: Storm Eleanor swept across northern England, Northern Ireland and south-west Scotland pounding them with 90 mph (145 kph) winds, heavy rain, widespread flooding, knocking out power to tens of thousands, and disrupting travel. Asia: Afghanistan: A clash erupted between ISIS miltants and US troops in Achin, Nangarhar province, along the Pakistan border, leaving one US soldier dead and four wounded. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Kenya: The militant Islamist group al-Shabab attacked security officers on patrol, leaving a police reservist missing and feared dead. Nigeria: Gunmen opened fire on worshippers who were walking back from church, killing seventeen and wounding dozens in Rivers state (on the 1st). Madagascar: The newly formed Tropical Cyclone 3S headed for the country with life-threatening impacts, heavy rains and strong winds. It was expected to strengthen into a hurricane-like cyclone as it becomes more organized. Democratic Republic of Congo: A major storm was headed for the capital Kinshasa where it would bring heavy rains that triggered a landslide and flooding, killing at least thirty-seven. North America: US: A very large and powerful storm swept the East Coast from Georgia to Maine burying much in ice and snow. Bitter cold overwhelmed areas in the Central and Eastern regions affecting about 70% of the nation for the tenth day, closing schools, triggering vehicle pile-ups and disrupting travel. In Buffalo, New York at least twenty-two vehicles crashed into each other, injuring many and backing up traffic for hours. Forty states were under official winter alerts for bitter cold and/or snow. at least sixteen deaths were caused by the weather. Meanwhile, another storm was begining to develop resembling a winter hurricane that would batter easternmost section of the East Coast with damaging winds and blizzard-like snowfall. This type of weather system is often referred to as a "Bomb Cyclone" or "Winter Weather Bomb." South America: Peru: A bus was hit by a truck causing it to plummet down a cliff onto a rocky beach along a stretch of highway known as the "Devil's Curve," killing at least forty-eight; three others were missing. Brazil: A riot erupted at a jail in the state of Goias, allowing ninety-nine to escape, while nine prisoners were killed and fourteen were injured when a rival gang attacked that started the riot. Pacific: South: Aoba (Ambae) volcano on the island of Vanuatu erupted. Solar Activity: A huge ring of electric-blue, noctilucent clouds ­- night-shining clouds - encircled high above Antarctica.

5th-6th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: Russian jets bombed the cities of Misraba and Arbin, killing at least twenty-five civilians in the rebel-held Eastern Ghouta area outside Damascus (on the 4th). At least ten hospitals in rebel-held areas were targeted by direct air or artillery attacks, though Syria and Russia denied such attacks. Libya: A rubber dinghy sank off the coast drowning twenty-five, while eighty-four were rescued. Kuwait: A glass barrier collapsed during celebrations following a soccer match, injuring at least forty. Europe: Italy and Switzerland: Heavy snow has cut off the Alpine ski resorts of Cervinia in Italy and Adelboden in Switzerland trapping about 10,000 tourists in ski resorts with more than 6.6 feet (2 m) of snow. A landslide struck Adelboden and most areas had a avalanche warning in place. Austria: An avalanche in the Austrian Alps left two skiers dead. Asia: Japan: A false alarm caused by an error in the earthquake warning system was sent to millions of people triggered a brief panic and disrupted travel. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Indian-administered Kashmir: Multiple avalanches hit vehicles in the Himalayan region, killing at least eleven; three others were missing. They had been swept away by three near-simultaneous avalanches on a stretch of about six miles (10 km) on a road in Kupawara district. Myanmar: An insurgent attack targeted soldiers in Rakhine state, killing at least six. More than twenty insurgents used homemade bombs to attack a truck transporting troops from Taungpyo township. Africa: Madagascar: Ava reached the equivalent of a Category 1 hurricane as it made landfall triggering widespread flooding and mudslides. South Sudan: Despite of a mutually supported cease-fire, new fighting erupted near the capital. Senegal: An attack by unknown assailants in the region of Casamance left thirteen teenages dead somme by gunshot and others by decapitation, and another seven were wounded. North America: US: After the "bomb cyclone" had dumped more than a foot of snow across eight states, knocked out power for tens of thousands, buried cars in snow, flooded streets, grounded thousands of flights and killed at least nineteen there came frigid cold. Temperatures reached 20 to more than 40 degrees below zero, freezing cars in ice, freezing rivers, floodwaters turned to ice, and people were forced to flee their homes. Much of the Northeast and Midwest could be described as a block of ice. More than 5,000 flights had to be cancelled. The peaks of New Hampshire’s White Mountains dropped to 40 degrees below zero, and with the wind chill could make the air feel as cold as 100 below zero. Winds had gusted up to 122 mph (196 kph) on the highest peak on Mount Washington. In Florida iguanas were falling from trees because of the cold. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Pacific: South: Kadovar volcano northeast of New Guinea, Papua New Guinea underwent explosive eruptions. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: The Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field tipped south triggering auroras.

8th - Last Quarter (22h 25m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: A car bomber targeted the headquarters of the Islamist rebel faction Ajnad al-Qawqaz in the city of Idlib, killing at least twenty-five. Government and Russian airstrikes elsewhere left another fifteen dead. The military recaptured the strategically important town of Sinjar and also captured fourteen villages from insurgent groups. Asia: China: A collision between an oil tanker and a freighter off the eastern coast, in the East China Sea, days earlier, now began to send off toxic smoke amid the fire as bad weather made matters worse. Thirty-two crew members were missing and it was feared that the tanker would explode. Indonesia: Agung volcano on the island of Bali underwent a highly explosive eruption. Africa: Tunisia: Anger over inflation, increased taxes and rising living costs triggered violent protests in at least two towns. Protesters burned tires on the streets of the town of Thala, and about 300 took to the streets in the city of Sidi Bouzid. Sudan: A sharp increase in the price of bread resulting from the removal of government subsidies triggered protests. Protesters threw stones, burned tires and blocked roads, as the police used tear gas. A student demonstrator was killed in West Darfur. Libya: An overcrowded rubber dinghy sank off the coast in the Mediterranean Sea, drowning sixty-four migrants. Rescuers saved another eighty-six. Australia and New Zealand: Australia: The city of Sydney experienced its hottest weather in 79 years with temperatures in Penrith, west of Sydney, hitting as high as 117 degress F (47.3 C). It triggered a fire on farmland in the south, as severe fire warnings were issued throughout Sydney. Meanwhile, a new tropical cyclone was developing and could renew the risk for flooding across northern Western Australia. North America: US: A powerful storm headed for California with heavy rain, mountain snow, and strong winds. Mudslides swept through areas that were burned in last month's wildfires, covering highways, sweeping away vehicles, carrying huge boulders and smashing homes, leaving at least seventeen dead and twenty-eight injuried. Even though evacuations were instituted before the storm's arrival, some areas where the evacuations were only suggested also got hit with powerful mudslides. More than 100 homes were destroyed, and another 300 were damaged. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: Aoba (Ambae) volcano on the island of Vanuatu underwent an eruption. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind triggered auroras around the Arctic Circle and geomagnetic storms.

11th-12th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Israel: Israeli troops in the Gaza Strip and occupied West Bank engaged in clashes that left two Palestinian teenagers dead. The teens were protesting the recent US president's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital. Tunisia: Anger over the government's budget measures and rising prices on basic goods sent people into the streets in protest. The protests took place in ten different areas targeting government buildings, torching police cars, blocking roads, and some even attempted to take over malls and shops. Police responded with tear gas, and the army was called out to keep order. Hundreds of the demonstrators were arrested. The following day, the government was prepared to give in to some of the demands of the protesters. Yemen: Houthi rebels fired a ballistic missile targeting a special forces camp and a facility for combat helicopters in the Saudi border province of Najran. Iran and Iraq: A series of eight earthquakes shook the Iran-Iraq border area and Baghdad, injuring four. The quakes were moderate and appeared to do only minimal damage. Syria: A group of rebels who had used drones to attack a Russian air base in Syria was tracked down, striking them with artillery as they were getting into a vehicle in the province of Idlib. The Russian military also destroyed a rebel facility for assembling drones in Idlib. Europe: Italy: Stromboli volcano on the Eolian Islands underwent an explosive eruption. Asia: Myanmar: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck west of Pyu (01-11; 18:26). Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Nigeria: A mass burial was undertaken of more than seventy people killed in conflicts between nomadic herdsmen and farming communities in three states. The Nigerian army deployed special forces to quell the violence in the battle for land. South Africa: Firefighters began battling at least three separate fires in a small area outside Cape Town, in the Overberg area - one fire was set intentionally. Six people were injuried. Australia and New Zealand: Australia: Tropical Cyclone Joyce swept into and across Western Australia, triggering widespread flooding, power outages, a flooding storm surge and property damage. It was the second cyclone to hit the region in two weeks. North America: Mexico: Rampant crime and gang activity were so high that the US state department warned tourists to "completely avoid" five states. Colima, Guerrero, Michoacán, Sinaloa and Tamaulipas were put on the same danger level as Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria. US: High temperatures dipped down to between minus 10 and zero degrees Fahrenheit across much of the northern Plains before falling to near minus 30. A storm brought heavy rain and flooding, and then ice, snow and a freeze-up into the Northeast. Mandatory evacuations were extended in Montecito, California, as dozens were still missing from the mudslides. Central America: Honduras: A 7.6 magnitude earthquake struck east of Great Swan Island (01-10; 02:51). Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent a minor explosive eruption. Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Venezuela: A boat that left Venezuela sank in the Caribbean near Curacao, leaving five dead and twenty-eight missing and feared dead. In a separate incident, two days of protests and looting over food shortages left at least three dead and sixteen injured. Chile: Three Roman Catholic churches were firebombed in Santiago three days before the Pope was to visit. A note was left at the scene threatening the Pope. Pacific: South: Kadovar volcano northeast of New Guinea, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: A co-rotating interaction region of the Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field hit Earth, triggering a G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras.

17th - New Moon (2h 17m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria and Turkey: Turkey amassed tanks and troops on the border of two Kurdish-held areas in northern Syria. This amounted to Turkish efforts to rid the "terror nests" of Afrin and Manbij. The Turkish army had already shelled Afrin. Europe: UK: Continous heavy snow swept across the country with a "do not travel" warning for major roads in southern Scotland and northern England. In some places there were damaging hurricane-force winds and heavy rain. Asia: Philippines: Mount Mayon volcano underwent an eruption with lava flows, forcing about 22,000 to flee their homes as volcanologists warn a 'hazardous explosion' could take place. Myanmar: Police in Rakhine state opened fire on Buddhist protesters, killing at least seven and wounding several others. More than 4,000 ethnic Rakhine Buddhists gathered around a government office to protest a ban on the annual commemoration of the fall of the ancient Arakan kingdom when the violence ensued. Turkey, Ukraine, Israel, Syria and Jordan: A large, powerful winter storm brought damaging winds, heavy rain and heavy snow to the region. In southern Turkey heavy rains triggered flooding. Powerful winds, torrential rain and flooding swept an area from Syria into Israel and Jordan. In Ukraine heavy rains also triggered widespread flooding. India: A bull-taming contest known as Jallikattu took place in the state of Tamil Nadu. The contest involves thousands of men chasing bulls to grab prizes tied to the bulls' horns. In the process five were gored to death and sixty were wounded. Africa: Nigeria: Gunmen kidnapped two Americans and two Canadians near the city of Kaduna after killing their two police escorts. South Africa: Protests ensued outside an Afrikaans medium school south of Johannesburg, blaming the school for racism as it did not admit fifty-five English-speaking students. The protesters burned tires in the street as police fired rubber bullets and stun grenades to try and break up the protest. In a separate incident, two suicide bombers targeted a market in the city of Maiduguri, killing at least twelve and wounding forty-eight. The attack was believed to be carried out by Boko Haram insurgents. North America: Mexico: A pickup truck and a train collided in Lagos de Moreno in Jalisco state, killing at least five and injuring ten. US: Frigid cold temperatures swept the Deep South leaving nine dead, as more than 400 accidents were reported in Houston, Texas alone. Most of the Northeast was also either in winter weather or winter storm warnings. Another deep freeze swept over much of the central and eastern parts of the country, as well. South America: Colombia: A highway bridge in Chirajara that was under construction collapsed, killing at least nine workers and injuring five (on the 16th). Two ex-combatants of the FARC rebel group were shot to death while participating in a campaign event. FARC was transformed into a political party as part of a earlier peace accord. Solar Activity: A hole opened up on the Sun, sending a coronal mass ejection heading towards Earth where it was expected to trigger geomagnetic storms and auroras.

20th-21st - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria and Turkey: Turkish war planes lauched airstrikes on Kurdish positions on the Syrian side of the border in the city of Afrin. The Free Syrian Army, who are pro-Turkey rebels, also began moving into the area. Dozens of airstrikes hit 153 targets belonging to the Kurdish militants. The militants retaliated with rocket fire on Turkish border areas. In the midst of it all, an avalanche hit Turkish soldiers, killing at least five and injuring fourteen. Syria: Fifteen Syrian refugees froze to death while trying to cross the mountainous border into Lebanon. Coalition forces undertook airstrikes near al-Shafah, in the Middle Euphrates river valley in the province of Deir al-Zour, killing at least 150 ISIS miltants. Europe: Switzerland: A winter storm blasted through the country, knocking down trees and power lines. Visibility in Valais was blinding whiteout conditions and ski gondolas in Verbier were whipped around by strong winds. Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands: Eight people were killed in Germany as Friederike, the strongest windstorm in 11 years, swept through. Severe wind damage was left in its wake with roads and railways littered with debris. Three other deaths were reported across Belgium and the Netherlands. The first storm spread snow and rain across central and southern Germany. On the heels of damaging windstorm Friederike, two new winter storms would target Germany. Romania: Tens of thousands took to the streets of numerous cities protesting legislation that would make it harder to prosecute crime and high-level corruption. Turkey: A bus taking families on a school holiday skiing trip crashed into trees along the road, killing at least eleven and injuring forty-six. Czechoslovakia: A hotel fire in downtown Prague killed at least two people and injured dozens. UK: Strong wintry conditions affected large parts of the UK, with snow and heavy rain in many areas. Afterward, ice warnings were issued for the North East and Yorkshire and Humber as temperatures fell sharply. Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Asia: Afghanistan: At least four gunmen attacked an Intercontinental Hotel in Kabul, killing eighteen guests and wounding at least five. Special forces killed two of the attackers. The Taliban claimed responsibility. India and Pakistan: Kashmir fighting escalated as Indian and Pakistani troops traded fire along the frontier in Kashmir, killing at least five civilians and a soldier. India: A massive fire broke out at a firecracker factory in the Bawana industrial area of New Delhi, killing at least seventeen. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: Widespread protests erupted demanding that the president should step down as his office term expired more than a year ago. At least six people had been killed in the turmoil. Ethiopia: Security forces fired on a crowd at a religious festival who were reportedly shouting anti-government slogans. The gunfire killed at least five and injuried dozens in the town of Waldiya. Kenya: An explosive device went off in a field killing four children as they where grazing livestock. North America: US: Warmer weather in the Northeast had been thawing out rivers and lakes creating concern for ice jams and flooding across the region. Several areas have already seen flooding from ice jams like Haddam, Connecticut which was put under a state of emergency. Heavy snow and blizzard conditions swept across the midwest as well, closing roads, making travel dangerous, and cancelling flights. Violent thunderstorms battered the south-central region from eastern Texas to southern Missouri, bringing torrential downpours, damaging winds and tornadoes. Mexico: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck north of the city of Loreto (01-19; 16:17). Central America: Honduras: Clashes erupted between riot police and demonstrators who disputed the result of the presidential election, leaving one protester dead in the town of Saba. Police fired tear gas and cleared roadblocks made of burning tires. The Human rights group Amnesty International says fourteen died in the clashes, but police disputes this claim. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of the city of Putre (01-21; 01:06). Pacific: Southwest: Kadovar volcano on New Britain, Papua New Guinea, erupted again, sending plumes of steam and ash into the air, and forcing the evacuation of thousands. A major eruption could be imminent. Nearby Langila volcano also underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection reached Earth, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras.

24th - First Quarter (22h 20m) HIGH


Mideast: Libya: Two car bombers targeted an area near a mosque in a residential area of the city of Benghazi, killing at least thirty-three and wounding forty-seven. The second bomb was timed to go off as poeple responded to the first blast. Syria: About 5,000 have been displaced by clashes between Turkish-led forces and Kurdish fighters in an offensive to drive a Kurdish militia out of the Afrin region. Europe: France: The wettest January in more than a century caused the River Seine to burst its banks in Paris. Train lines and stations were closed, boats were unable to get under bridges, hordes of rats came out of hiding, and the water level could reach above the historic levels during the dramatic floods of June 2016. Asia: Afghanistan: ISIS gunmen stormed the offices of Save the Children in Jalalabad, killing at least six and wounding twenty-seven. A suicide car bomb was detonated outside the offices, and then the attackers used rocket-propelled grenades to enter. Japan: Mount Kusatsu-Shirane volcano underwent an explosive eruption. At about the same time an avalanche killed a soldier and injuried fourteen; it was believed that the eruption triggered the avalanche. A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck east of Mutsu (01-24; 10:51). Philippines: The most active volcano Mount Mayon underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and columns of ash, forcing more than 40,000 residents to evacuate. The volcano spewed lava as high as 2,000 feet (600 m), and ash plumes reached up to 3 miles (5 km) above the crater. Indonesia: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of Binuangeun (01-23; 06:34). Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. North America: US: A lone attacker opened fire with a handgun on a high school in the town of Benton, Kentucky, killing two and wounding seventeen. A powerful 7.9 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Kodiak, Alaska (01-23 09:31). The quake triggered a tsunami warning and could be felt as far south as Washington state. Tsunami watches were posted not only for Alaska but from British Columbia, Canada to Washington state to California - and even Hawaii and as far away as American Samoa.

27th-28th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria and Turkey: Two Turkish soldiers and two allied Syrian opposition fighters were killed in the continuing military offensive in Afrin. Eleven soldiers and four Syrian fighters were injured. Iraq: A coalition airstrike mistakenly hit friendly Iraqi forces and civilians in western Anbar, killing seven and wounding eleven others. Yemen: Separatists in the south seized government buildings in the city of Aden, as fierce clashes took place with forces of the Hadi government. At least ten were killed and dozens were wounded. Europe: France: The Seine River continued to slowly rise as flooding already inundated roads, railways and walking paths in Paris. The Louvre Museum closed its lower level and numerous peices of art were moved. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber welding a powerful bomb in an ambulance targeted a popular thoroughfare for shopping in Kabul, killing at least one-hundred-and-three and wounding 235 others. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the insurgent attack. India: Police security forces rushed to a northern town in Uttar Pradesh state where clashes had erupted between Hindu and Muslim groups, leaving one dead and three injured. One group of people damaged and set fire to at least three shops and one bus. In a separate incident, soldiers opened fire on protesters in the disputed region of Kashmir, killing two and wounding nine. The protesters had thrown stones at the soldiers as their convoy drove through a village in southern Shopian, prompting them to open fire. Philippines: Mount Mayon volcano continued to undergo an explosive eruptions with lava flows and columns of ash, which forced more than 84,000 residents to evacuate. Africa: Southwest: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Africa in the southestern Atlantic (01-28; 16:03). North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption. US: Unseasonably warm temperature challenged records in the Southwest, while the Santa Ana winds again fueled the posibility of wildfires. In the Northwest the spring-like temperatures raised the threat of avalanches. A storm spread heavy rain across the Southeast, triggering localized flooding. Central America: Honduras: Clashes erupted between police and protesters angry over an election they believed was fraudulent. Police used tear gas and protesters lit flaming barricades. Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Colombia: A homemade bomb exploded outside a police station in the city of Barranquilla, killing at least five policemen and wounding forty-two. Ecuador: A high-powered car bomb gutted a police station near the border of neighboring Colombia. Brazil: Gunmen barged into a party at a Fortaleza nightclub and shot dead at least fourteen people and wounded six. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck north of of Madang, Papua New Guinea (01-26; 22:47). Solar Activity: The Sun was sending a solar wind from small coronal holes, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras. The small coronal holes then began to form into one huge coronal hole, sending a mass ejection towards Earth.

31st - Full Moon (13h 27m) HIGH


Mideast: Yemen: Separatists took nearly full control of the port city of Aden after days of fighting with government forces that left at least forty dead. Asia: Syria and Turkey: Rockets were again fired from northern Syria into the Turkish border town of Afrin, killing more civlians. About sixty-five civilians have been killed since the campaign to drive out a Syrian Kurdish militia began. Afghanistan: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck south of Jarm (01-31; 07:07). Philippines: Mayon volcano continued to have repeated explosive eruptions, keeping people from returning to their homes. Africa: Sudan: Protesters took to the streets in Khartoum to protest against the rising price of bread and other staples after the government removed subsidies. Police fired tear gas to break up the protest. North America: US: Waves of frigid air brought another deep freeze to much of the Central and interior Northeast. The first wave brought snow and freezing rain. A train carrying Republican politicians hit a gargage truck near Crozet, Virginia, killing one and injuring six. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano also underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Coronal holes sent waves of solar plasma towards Earth.





February


3rd-4th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria and Turkey: Kurdish militia attacked a tank in the Afrin region, killing fourteen Turkish soldiers. Afterward, jets struck Kurdish targets northeast of the city of Afrin. Turkey said it has killed about 900 Kurdish fighters, and a Syrian Kurdish health official claimed that 150 civilians had been killed and 300 wounded since the start of the Turkish operation. Both claims could not be independently verified. Thousands have been displaced by the Turkish-led offensive that also involves about 10,000 Syrian rebels. Syria: A Russian Sukhoi-25 aircraft was shot down in a rebel-held area in province of Idlib. Al-Qaida-linked militants downed jet, then shot and killed the pilot. In a separate incident, a chlorine gas attack hit the rebel-held town of Saraqeb in Idlib province, wounding at least eleven. Yemen: An Saudi-led coalition airstrike targeted a police building in the rebel-controlled capital, Sanaa, killing eight. Europe: Italy: Police arrested a gunman suspected of carrying out a drive-by shooting that targeted African immigrants, wounding at least six in the central town of Macerata. Greece: At least 140,000 took to the streets of Athens protesting the decades-long dispute over the northern region being named Macedonia. Protesters opposed government proposals to resolve the issue. Russia: Moscow was covered in the heaviest snowfall for a day since records began. More than 2,000 trees were brought down, travel was disrupted, and one person was killed and five were injured. Mediterranean: At least sixteen sub-Saharan Africans were found dead off the coast of Melilla, a small Spanish territory bordering Morocco. It's believed that the migrants were seeking work or asylum in Europe. Albania, Kosovo and Macedonia: Heavy rains caused waters to overflow riverbanks, triggering widespread flooding, killing one and injuring dozens. Asia: Afghanistan: Militants were targeting civilians in Kabul hoping that the chaos would spark an uprising. In the past two weeks four major attacks killed a total of one-hundred-thirty across the country. China: An explosion at a chemical plant in Linshu County in Shandong province southeast of Beijing, killed four and injuried six. Pakistan: A suicide bomber targeted an area used by soldiers for sports and exercise in Kabul, killing eleven and wounding thirteen. Philippines: Mayon volcano on Luzon Island again underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Taiwan: A strong and shallow 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast, north of Hualian (02-04; 13:56). Africa: Egypt: A roadside bomb targeted a truck carrying members of the security forces in the north of the Sinai Peninsula, killing two and wounding six. Guinea: Violence broke out after a local election, including an arson attack that set homes on fire in the town of Kalinko, killing five children. North America: US: Frigid Siberian air plunged into the Northern Plains to the Upper Midwest due to a shift of the Polar Vortex. Temperature dropped 10-20 degrees Fahrenheit below normal. The storm caused a 32-car pileup on Interstate 94 outside of Rogers, Minnesota. Another fast-moving storm brought drenching rain and snow to the Northeast. In a separate incident, an Amtrak train crashed into a stationary freight train in South Carolina; it seems it was on the wrong track. The engineer and conductor were killed and 116 passengers were injured. Mexico: Gunmen attacked a secret cockfight arena in the Chihuahua state capital, killing six and wounding fourteen. Solar Activity: A coronal hole formed around the Sun's north pole - a phenomenon called a "polar crown coronal hole" - sending solar plasma into space. A new sunspot emerged on the Sun's eastern limb, sending off a number of B- and C-class solar flares.

7th - Late Quarter (15h 54m) MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: Government warplanes bombed several towns in the Eastern Ghouta, causing buildings to collapse and killing at least twenty-three civilians. It was a new wave of government airstrikes on a rebel enclave near Damascus. A day earlier, airstrikes and artillery strikes targeted ten towns across the area, leaving eighty dead. Syria and Israel: Israeli warplanes fired missiles targeting a Syrian military position near Damascus. Ammunition depots in Jamraya were hit. Many of the Israeli strikes were to prevent transfers of advanced weapons to the Lebanese Hezbollah movement. American airstrikes and artillery were engaged to repel the attack where Syria government forces targeted a headquarters belonging to US-backed rebels fighting ISIS. Europe: France: Heavy snowfall created massive problems in Paris and northern France. The snow and freezing temperatures contributed to a record number of traffic jams, powerlines froze and rails required de-icing, finally leading to closing down public transportation. It was the heaviest snowfall since December 2010 and more snow was on its way. Asia: Taiwan: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck near the coastal city of Hualien, killing at least nine, injuring more than two-hundred-fifty and trapping people under collapsed buildings (02-06; 15:50). Numerous buildings were also tilted and roads were buckled. A 6.1 magnitude aftershock was also registered (02-04; 13:56), and a few lesser magnitude aftershocks were also felt. Sixty-seven people were unaccounted for and likely were under or in some of the collapsed or tilted buildings. Africa: Nigeria: The country'a military destroyed a bomb-making factory operated by the militant group Boko Haram in its Sambisa forest hideout. Several of the militants were killed in a defensive counter-attack. North America: US: A burst of Arctic air swept in behind a winter storm, resulting in a quick freeze-up from the Ohio Valley through to the Northeast. Temperatures plunged into the teens and twenties, travel was dangerous, more than a thousand flights were canceled, and some schools were closed, affecting millions. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosve eruption. South America: Bolivia: Heavy rains riggered a mudslide and flooding in Cochabamba province, the overflowing Taquina river damaged buildings and covered streets in mud and rubble, leaving at least two dead and one missing. A state of emergency was issued for several regions that were the worst-hit by torrential rains and affected more than 6,300 families. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2699 erupted with a C8-class solar flare. The flare sent out a pulse of extreme UV radiation that ionized the top of Earth's atmosphere, interfering with shortwave radio transmissions below ~10 MHz over the South Atlantic ocean. Sunspot AR2699 was expected to intensify and again hit Earth with solar flares. Meanwhile, the solar wind from a coronal hole triggered intermittent auroras around the Arctic Circle.

10th-11th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: Israel inflicted huge damage on Syrian air defences after one of its F-16 fighter jets was brought down during a raid. Israel responded with a second wave of strikes on both Syrian and Iranian military targets operating inside Syria. A Turkish helicopter was shot down as the country continued its offensive against Kurdish fighters in northern Syria, killing two. The next day, US-led air and artillery strikes killed about one-hundred pro-government fighters near the Euphrates river, in Deir al-Zour province. The strikes were in response to an previous attack on US coalition forces. Egypt: A military operation in the Sinai peninsula left sixteen militants dead. The military also targeted and destroyed dozens of militant supplies including weapons depots, motorbikes and cars. Europe: Italy: Several thousand anti-racism protesters rallied in the town of Macerata, a week after a far-right gunman shot and wounded six people he thought were migrants. Russia: Russian forces got into a gun battle in Ingushetia, in the Caucasus region, killing two miltants. Two explosive belts, grenades and ammunition where found in the militant's camp. A Russian airliner crashed shortly after leaving Moscow's Domodedovo airport, killing all seventy-one on board. The cause was unknown. Asia: Indonesia: A bus carrying local tourists on island of Java ran off a road and overturned, killing at least twenty-seven and injuring eighteen. China: A double-decker bus crashed in Hong Kong, killing nineteen and injuring almost fifty. India: Soldiers traded fire with armed militants who were holed up inside an army camp in Indian-controlled Kashmir, leaving two soldiers dead and wounding three. Afghanistan: The Taliban attacked police checkpoints in southern Helmand province, killing six local police and wounding eight. Pakistan: A bus bound for the city of Karachi skidded off a road and plunged into a ditch, killing eight and injuring fifteen. Africa: Mali: A army vehicle hit a land mine between Kontza and Dera, killing four and wounding several. North America: US: As another large storm brought more rounds of snow to Chicago, Detroit and other parts of the Midwest and northern tier of the Northeast. Later rain turned into ice making travel dangerous. Frequent snowfalls have caused problems across the region. In Michigan, the snow covered roads caused a huge pileup of over thirty-eight vehicles. Snowplows were having trouble keeping up in cities like Chicago and Detroit. South America: Venezuela and Colombia: Venezuela has suffered for years from high inflation and the chronic shortage of food and medicines. Thousands of Venezuelans rushed to border crossings with Colombia as news of pending restrictions emerged. Thousands of Venezuelans cross into Colombia daily to look for temporary work or to buy essential goods. In a separate incident, the Venezuela army took control of an illegal gold mine and in the process eighteen of the miners were killed during clashes with security forces. Bolivia: A vendor's gas canister exploded near the Carnival parades, killing eight and injuring at least forty. Pacific: South: Tropical Storm Gita swept American Samoa damaging buildings and triggering wide-spread power outages. The full effects were yet to be determined. North: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck east of Rota, Northern Mariana Islands (02-11; 23:14). West: The newly-formed Tropical Storm Sanba formed and headed for the Philippines with flooding rain, mudslides and strong winds. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2699 turned to directly face Earth and then a C4-class solar flare erupted. Extreme UV radiation from the flare ionized the Earth's atmosphere triggering a brief 'brownout' of shortwave radio signals over South America and the South Atlantic Ocean. The next day a coronal hole opened up on the Sun, sending a solar wind stream towards Earth.

15th - New Moon (21h 05m) LOW


Mideast: Egypt: A massive security operation, mainly in the northern Sinai Peninsula, left at least fifty-three miltants dead. They also arrested five militants and 680 others who were suspected of supporting the militants and those who were suspected criminals. Saudi Arabia: A massive dust storm severely swept the capital city of Riyadh stopping travel and forcing people to take cover; visibility was only a few feet. Europe: France: Heavy snowfall across the Alps triggered an avalanche in the back country, near the Cauterets resort in the Pyrenees mountains, killing three skiers. Italy: A huge sinkhole opened up in a Rome neighborhood, swallowing several cars and forcing more than twenty families to evacuate two apartment buildings. Russia: A Russian special forces officer was killed in a shootout with a militant who was also killed. The clash took place in Dagestan, a republic in the Russian Caucasus. Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent a explosive eruption. Asia: India: A five-story building under construction in eastern Bangalore collapsed, killing at least three workers and trapping several others. Indonesia: Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra, underwent an explosive eruption. Philippines: Mayon volcano, on Luzon Island, underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Nigeria: The military undertook a massive operation to stop the frequent killings caused by clashes between nomadic herdsmen and crop farmers. Hundreds have been killed in the last year. The next day, three suicide bombers targeted the town of Konduga attacking a fish market, leaving at least eighteen dead and more than fifty wounded. Ethiopia: Anti-government demonstrations turned violent leaving ten dead and injuring dozens. Democratic Republic of Congo: Heavy rains triggered an acciident between a cement truck and the presidential motorcade, killing five and injuring eleven. Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand: After leaving a trail of destruction from heavy rains, flooding, strong winds and mudslides stretching from American Samoa to Tonga, Cyclone Gita headed for New Zealand. North America: US: A deranged shooter used an assualt rifle in a shooting in a Florida middle school, killing at least seventeen and wounding fourteen, three critically. In a YouTube post last year the shooter said he would be a "professional school shooter". The FBI was aware of the post, but could not find him with the evidence they had. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption along with the formation of lava domes. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection slammed into Earth triggering auroras and geomagnetic storms.

18th-19th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Iran: A passenger plane crashed into the Zagros mountains, killing all sixty-six aboard. Bad weather, including fog and heavy snow, made rescue efforts difficult. The following day, a protest by Sufi Muslim dervishes at a police station in northern Tehran became violent when three Iranian policemen were hit and killed by a bus. Israel: A bomb attack that wounded four Israeli soldiers triggered a reprisal by the Israeli military who carried out a number of strikes against Palestinian positions in the Gaza Strip. Two Palestinians were killed. The Israeli air force also destroyed a number of sites linked to Hamas militants. Syria: Government forces, using airstrikes and rocket fire, attacked the rebel-held Eastern Ghouta area outside Damascus, killing at least seventy-seven civilians. Iraq: ISIS militants ambushed Iraq's Shiite-led paramilitary fighters near the city of Kirkuk, killing at least twenty-seven. An undisclosed number of the miltants were also killed. Europe: Russia: A gunman opened fire in a Christian church in the city of Kizlyar, in the republic of Dagestan, killing five and wounding five. The gunman was killed and ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack. France and Switzerland: Heavy winter snowfall made the Swiss Alps dangerous, triggering another avalanche that injuried two. In France's Savoie region an avalanche occurred near the Val-d'Isere ski resort, close to the Italian border, and killed two. Asia: Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia: Mount Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosive eruption, sending ash 50,000 feet (15,240 m) into the air and covering nearby villages' homes, vehicles and trees, and turning day into night. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda: Congolese soldiers clashed with the Rwandan army in the Virunga National Park, on Congolese territory. At least five Congolese soldiers were killed. It seems that the Congolese troops initially thought they were fighting one of the many rebel groups in the area. Burkina Faso: An extremist threat moved into a new part of the vast Sahel region, in a previously calm area of West Africa. The region now faces the kinds of attacks that forced thousands elsewhere to flee over the past year. Nigeria: Boko Haram militants arrived in the town of Dapchi, Yobe state, shooting and setting off explosives. The noise alerted a nearby school and the staff and students were able to escape. Mozambique: A huge mound of garbage collapsed due to heavy rains, killing at least seventeen. Recuers were still searching for more victims. Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand: Cyclone Gita brought heavy rains, widespread flooding, damaging winds of 50 to 60 mph (80 to 85 kph), dangerous seas and storm surge flooding. The northern South Island bore the brunt of Gita. North America: Mexico: A 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Pinotepa de Don Luis, near Oaxaca (02-16; 23:39). While the quake did not kill anyone, the next day a helicopter used to assess the damage crashed, killing at least fourteen. US: Storms caused severe flooding to the Northeast. In West Virginia a state of emergency was issued because of severe flooding from the Ohio River. Relentless rain swept an area from the lower Red and Mississippi river valleys to the central Appalachians, triggering flooding, mudslides and dangerous travel. A 1,500-mile-long swath of the central US also was hit by repeated heavy downpours, triggering widespread flooding and mudslides from Texas to the Great Lakes. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Plasma from a coronal mass ejection triggered auroras and G-1 class geomagnetic storms.

23rd - First Quarter (8h 09m) LOW


Mideast: Syria: Airstrikes targeted the cities of Eastern Ghouta, Douma and Hamouriyeh, killing at least thirty-two. More than 640, mostly civilians, including 103 children, were killed and more than 2,000 were wounded in this week alone. Meanwhile, talks of a truce were underway. Europe: Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands underwent an explosive eruption. Asia: Myanmar: Satellite images indicated that at least fifty-five entire Rohingya villages have been completely bulldozed. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Sinabung volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent an explosve eruption that blew the top off the volcano and sent ash more than 100 miles (160 km) away. Africa: Somalia: The militant group al-Shabab targeted the presidential palace and the offices of the national intelligence agency in Mogadishu with huge explosions. The two blasts left at least eighteen dead and dozens wounded; five of the miltants were also shot dead. Zimbabwe: Clashes erupted in the capital, Harare, between police and civilians, leaving two dead and seven injuried. Three police officers were also seriously wounded as crowds threw stones at a nearby police station, and also set fire to several vehicles. Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda: A protest over a cut in food rations in Rwanda left five refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo dead. Nigeria: Dozens of Dapchi schoolgirls in Yobe State went missing and it was unknown why. Many believe that they may have been kidknapped by Boko Haram miltants. North America: US: Rounds of heavy rain, along with melting snow, caused several rivers across the central US to reach major flood stages, killing at least two. States of emergency were declared in numerous states in the region from Texas to Michigan. Severe thunderstorms then targeted the southern area of had been recently hit by heavy rain and rising floodwaters. Heavy downpours, damaging winds, hail and isolated tornadoes swept the area. South America: Peru: A bus veered off the Pan-American Highway on a curve and plunged down a rocky river bank, killing at least forty-four (on the 22nd). Solar Activity: The solar wind hit the Earth's magnetic field off-center, making it ring like a bell and triggering auroras that exploded over the Arctic.

26th-27th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: Pro-government forces continued to bombard the rebel-held enclave of Eastern Ghouta despite a UN-brokered ceasefire. Airstrikes and artillery shelling killed at least thirty-one civilians. One UN official called it, "Hell on Earth." Egypt: Fighting broke out between soldiers and militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula, leaving three Egyptian soldiers dead and wounding four. Egyptian forces foiled a suicide attack and killed eleven militants. Europe: Various: A Siberian snow blast swept through most of Europe. The weather was blamed for seven deaths. Rome saw snow for the first time in six years and train stations were serving as emergency shelters for the homeless. In Brussels they had to force the homeless into shelters. In most places trains were halted and roads were unusable. It was so cold that the sea at Weston-super-Mare, near Bristol, froze. Meanwhile, a powerful late-winter storm, Storm Emma, would bring rounds of heavy rain, snow and locally damaging winds to parts of Spain, France and Portugal. The cold weather spread as far south as the Mediterranean coast. Asia: Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosvie eruption. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Airbuaya (02-26; 13:34). Philippines: Mayon volcano on Luzon Island underwent an explosve eruption. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: Protests against the president in the capital, Kinshasa, left two dead as security forces used live bullets to disperse the protesters. Uganda and Somalia: Two Somali soldiers were killed in a confrontation with African Union peacekeepers from Uganda after they tried to force their way through a security checkpoint manned by Somali soldiers. Nigeria: The Nigerian army rescued more than 1,100 civilians from their abductors, Boko Haram militants. Boko Haram militants ambushed an army convoy in the state of Borno, wounding three; eight soldiers were also missing. In a separate incident, a fight broke out after a Christian girl converted to Islam, leaving seven dead, fifteen injuried, and several homes burnt to the ground. Somalia: A US airstrike against al-Shabab fighters left two of the militants dead and another wounded. North America: US: A strong storm system triggered flooding, along with hail, high winds and tornadoes in central and southern states, leaving at least five dead. Many states declared a state of emergency. More severe thunderstorms were forecast. Meanwhile, a new storm brought downpours, flooding and locally gusty thunderstorms from central Texas to central Arkansas and southern Tennessee. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosve eruption with lava flows. South America: Colombia: A roadside bomb exploded in the Norte de Santander province hitting a convoy of soldiers, killing five and wounding ten. The army blamed the explosiion on the National Liberation Army rebels. Pacific: Southeast: Bagana volcano on Bougainville Island underwent an explosive eruption. A powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck south of Porgera, Papua New Guinea, leaving at least fifteen dead and dozens injuried, and triggering landslides and destroying homes (02-25; 17:44). A 6.2 magnitude aftershock struck southwest of Mendi, Papua New Guinea (02-26; 15:17), and a 6.0 aftershock followed (02-26; 08:26). Five tsunami warnings were issued. Arctic: North Pole temperatures reached the melting point of 32 degrees, a surprising high that exceeds the norm for this time of year by more than 50 degrees. It appears that the warmer temperatures stem from the area’s increasing number of winter storms. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection triggered a G-1 class geomagnetic storm and numerous auroras in the Arctic. An as yet unnumbered sunspot emerged, as well.





March


2nd - Full Moon (0h 51m) LOW


Mideast: Syria: Turkish soldiers continued their offensive against Kurdish fighters in Afrin. Eight Turkish soldiers were killed and thirteen were wounded, some critically. Europe: Various: A severe freeze still gripped most of Europe, leaving more than sixty dead. Numerous businesses were closed, and schools, flights and transportation were shut down. France: An avalanche hit near the ski resort of Entraunes, in the French Alps near the border with Italy, killing at least four. Asia: Azerbaijan: A fire swept through a drug rehabilitation center in the capital, Baku, killing at least twenty-four. The cause was unknown. Africa: Madagascar: A tropical disturbance began developing in the North Indian Ocean and would strengthen and form into a dangerous tropical cyclone striking the island nation. Burkina Faso: Gunmen twice targeted the French embassy and army headquarters in the capital, Ouagadougou. At least eight attackers were killed, and twenty-eight soldiers and civilians were killed in the embassy, while eighty others were wounded. Democratic Republic of Congo: A new outbreak of ethnic violence between the Hema cattle herders and Lendu farmers, claimed more than thirty-four lives. North America: US: A powerful Nor'easter strengthened into a "bomb cyclone" bringing strong hurricane-force winds, flooding rain, snow and surging waves. Being called "windmageddon", it underwent bombogenesis, as inducated by an extreme drop in atmospheric pressure. About 80 million people are in its path, including more than 22 million who are under a coastal flood warning. The coasts were already flooding and being battered by strong powerful storm surges and huge waves. The airlines and Amtrak cancelled most services, and powerlines and trees were knocked down some triggering power outages. This storm and others that follow will batter the region into mid-March. Cleveland volcano on the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, underwent an explosive eruption. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun.

5th-6th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: A UN convoy sent to deliver urgently needed aid to the rebel-held Eastern Ghouta was cut short as shelling in the area drove them out. In another incident, a Turkish airstrike in the region of Afrin left at least fifty civilians and pro-Syrian government troops dead. Government strikes killed twenty-four civilians in Hammouriyeh and another ten in Harasta, both towns in eastern Ghouta. The next day, a Russian military transport plane crashed during landing at Hmeimim airbase, near the city of Latakia, killing all thirty-nine military personnel on board. Europe: UK: After the big freeze from Storm Emma (see previous lunar phase) the thaw led to burst water mains and leaks, leaving tens of thousands without water. Flood alerts were in effect across parts of England and Scotland as rising streams and rivers threatened areas. Albania: Many rivers swelled by continuous rain and melting snow, so much so that authorities started to release excess waters from three hydropower stations, which caused more flooding. Many remote villages could not be reached, roads in the village of Obot, in the Shkodra district, were under water and two bridges in the area were damaged. More rain was forecast. Germany: A storm swept from northern Italy into Poland unleashing heavy snowfall across the eastern region of the country. Spain and Portugal: Storm Emma had brought rounds of heavy rain and wind to the two countries. New rounds of rain continued to batter them, further threatening more widespread flooding. Mediterranean: A boat sank off the coast of North Africa while heading to Italy drowning twenty-one migrants. Asia: Japan: Kirishima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption with ash emissions. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Sri Lanka: Several attacks against mosques and Muslim-owned businesses lead to the declaration of a state of emergency. Four mosques, 46 shops, 37 houses, and 35 vehicles were damaged or destroyed in the Digana and Teldeniya area due to the attacks. At least two were killed. Africa: Ethiopia: Anti-government protests against the state of emergency spread throughout the Oromia region, forcing schools, shops and markets to close, and halting public transportion. A least five died in clashes between security forces and protesters. Mozambique: An orphanage was attacked and women and children were raped by the criminals. Local prison guards refused to help, so they begged the government for help. Madagascar and La Reunion: Tropical cyclone Dumazile brought damaging hurricane-force winds, flooding rainfall and dangerous seas as it began to strengthen. Libya: Clashes erupted between warring groups in the city of Sabha, leaving three dead and a dozen wounded. Australia and New Zealand: Australia: A powerful storm dumped up ten inches of rain in some places, while many rivers overflowed forcing roads to be inexcessible, and trapping some residents in their homes. North America: US: There were still 500,000 residents without power after the deadly "bomb cyclone" Nor'easter storm flooded roadways and snapped power lines from hurricane-force winds (see previous lunar phase). Another Nor'easter was forecast for later in the week. Meanwhile, another storm brought more travel-disrupting snow, strong winds and blizzard conditions across the north-central states. The winds combining with the snow led to local whiteout and blizzard conditions. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Porgera, Papua New Guinea (03-04; 19:56), and was followed by a 6.7 magnitude earthquake (03-06; 14:13) that killed eighteen. The island has been rocked by numerous quakes in recent weeks. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind from a coronal mass ejection was headed for Earth, and would trigger auroras and geomagnetic storms. A study revealed that in more recent years cosmic rays in the Earth-Moon system were peaking at levels never seen before. The assumption is that the cosmic rays are from distant sources, but this could be from the Field-dynamic Earth Model, which emits ionizing radiation.

9th - Last Quarter (11h 20 m) MODERATE


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Clashes erupted across the West Bank and along Gaza's border after Palestinians hurled fire bombs at Israeli forces. One Palestinian was killed and at least a dozen protesters were injured. Europe: Slovakia: The murder of a journalist investigating Mafia-linked corruption in the government sent about 40,000 protesters to the streets. Spain: About 5.3 million women undertook a 24-hour strike targeting gender inequality and sexual discrimination. The women stopped working, did no chores and spent no money, whie they chanted "if we stop, the world stops". Portugal through to France: A pair of storms brought more rain and gusty winds to the region. Meanwhile, a more powerful storm, dubbed Storm Felix, would bring powerful winds, heavy rains, flooding and rough seas. Water levels were already running high for certain rivers and streams and the addition rainfall caused them to overflow their banks, triggering widespread flooding. Asia: India: An explosion rocked a chemical factory in the state of Maharashtra and was felt nearly 7 miles (12 km) away, shattering windows. The explosion was followed by a fire that consumed the factory and left at least three dead and several injuried. The death toll was expected to rise. Pakistan and Afghanistan: Missiles fired by a US drone struck a seminary in Afghanistan, killing a Taliban chief's son and twenty other Pakistan Taliban members. Afghanistan: An ISIS suicide bomber targeted ethnic Hazaras at a police checkpoint near a gathering of the minority Shiites in western Kabul, killing nine and wounding eighteen. Taliban attacked the province of Farah and in a clash with Afghan security forces killed at least twenty-two. Africa: Libya: A bomb exploded at a checkpoint south of the town of Ajdabiya, killing at least three security personnel. Rwanda: Lightning struck a Seventh-Day Adventist church, killing sixteen and injuring dozens (early on the 10th) North America: US: A second storm to hit the East Coast in less than a week, dumped more than 2 feet (60 cm) of snow. More than 800,000 were without electricity, as heavy snow and icy roads forced schools to close and cancelled or delay thousands of flights. At least two were killed. Meanwhile, another Nor'easter was poised to bring more snow, rain and wind to the mid-Atlantic states. A intense snow squall in Michigan triggered a 45-vehicle pileup on an interstate highway. Pacific: Southeast: A powerful 6.8 magnitude earthquake hit east of Taron, Papua New Guinea (03-08; 17:39). It was followed by a number of aftershocks. Papua New Guinea has been the scene of numerous earthquakes in recent weeks. Southwest: A powerful storm, dubbed Storm Hola, strengthened into a Category 3 tropical cyclone packed with strong winds, heavy rains and rough seas. Hola hit New Caledonia and southern Vanuatu and then would strike the North Island of New Zealand. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection triggered auroras and geomagnetic storms.

12th-13th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Iran: A private Turkish jet traveling from Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates to Istanbul crashed into the Zagros Mountains, killing all eleven on board. Syria: Offensives against rebels by Turkey and the Syrian government focused on two separate towns. Displaced residents in the town of Douma in the rebel-held Damascus suburbs of eastern Ghouta feared the offensive, and ended up sleeping in shops and in the streets as basements in the town filled up beyond capacity. Many fled to the Greek island of Lesbos, creating more of a humanitarian crisis. Thousands also fled the town of Afrin, as the offense began to surround the town. The next day, the Turkish military surrounded the Kurdish-held city of Afrin. Israel and Palestine: An explosion targeted the Palestinian Prime Minister's convoy in Gaza in an assination attempt. However, he escaped any injury. Europe: Croatia: Melting snow triggered a landslide in the town of Hrvatska Kostajnica destroying houses and sending people fleeing from their homes in panic. Local authorities were also battling floods in the area. Dozens of houses were flooded in the town from the river Una swelled, as heavy snowfall was followed by warm weather. UK: A low pressure storm, named Gisele, brought more rain to flooded areas. Dozens of new flood alerts and warnings were issued, and would continue into late in the week. Asia: Nepal: A plane carrying 71 passengers and crew crashed when landing at Kathmandu airport, killing forty-nine. The plane was said to approach the airport from the wrong direction. Japan: Kirishima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. India: A tropical low spread rain across the south as a wildfire raged in the Theni Forest of western Tamil Nadu, killing at least ten; six were still in the area of the forest fire. A tropical depression was also moving into the Arabian Sea and would bring heavy rains to some areas. The potential for flash flooding and mudslides was high. Africa: Ethiopia: Ethiopian military undertook an operation against rebels in Moyale border town with Kenya, killing nine and wounding twelve civilians. The government suspended several soldiers and began an investigation into the incident. Sierra Leone: Violent clashes erupted between supporters of the ruling party and the main opposition party. Several people were injured, and eighteen were arrested. Democratic Republic of Congo: Violent clashes again erupted between the Hema cattle herders and Lendu farmers after heavily armed men attacked villages in the east, leaving at least forty-one dead. It started by burning homes in at least one of the affected villages in Ituri province. Guinea: Anti-government protests over disputed local elections spread to the mining towns of Boke and Kamsar. Opposition protestors blocked roads with burning tires and the police responded with tear gas and clubs. Ethiopia: A bus plunged off a cliff killing at least thirty-eight college students. Australia: Linda, a Category 1 cyclone, headed for the coast of southeastern Queensland and northeastern New South Wales. North America: US: Exploding packages that were sent to residential parts of Austin, Texas, killed two people, and seriously injured two others. A helicopter crashed into the East River of New York City, killing five. It seems that a passenger's bag accidentally hit the fuel shutoff button. Another Nor'easter swept the Northeast bringing heavy snowfall and dropping temperatures. Bitter winds and blinding snow squalls swept through the Great Lakes and interior Northeast. The heavy snow and blizzard conditions brought travel to a halt in some places. Hundreds of thousands lost power, schools were shut down and the city of Boston declared a snow emergency. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A large coronal hole opened up on the Sun, spewing a broad stream of solar wind toward Earth.

17th - New Moon (11h 20m) HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Turkish shelling and airstrikes on the city of Afrin, killed dozens of civilians fleeing the attack. In a separate incident, troops captured major areas in eastern Ghouta towns. More than 30,000 residents have fled and the flow was continuing. Later, there were reports that chemical weapons were delivered to southern Syria under the guise of humanitarian convoys. Europe: Slovakia: Anti-government protests again overwhelmed the country - this time it was more than 65,000. This was the third week for protests over a murdered journalist and government corruption. UK: High winds and huge waves threatened ten seaside chalets that were "perilously close" to the edge of cliffs in Norfolk. Residents were forced to evacuate as the chalets could fall into the sea. Greece: A smuggling boat sank off coast of the Aegean island of Agathonisi, killing at least sixteen migrants. Poland: Hundreds of protestors in Warsaw and other cities marched against racism and anti-Semitism in the country and government. Switzerland: An avalanche in the Alps in the Vallon d'Arbi area killed at least one, as three others remained missing and were feared dead. Germany: A high pressure system pulled very cold air from Siberia westward across Europe, along with disruptive snowfall. Asia: India: A speeding bus plunged into a dry river bed near Sitamarhi, Bihar state, killing at least twelve and injuring thirty-five. Philippines: A small passenger plane crashed into a house in Pthe twon of laridel shortly after takeoff north of Manila, killing all five on board and five on the ground. Two others were injuried by flying debris. Africa: Madagascar: Eliakim, a potent tropical cyclone, dumped torrential rain, that triggered widespread flooding, mudslides, wind damage and power outages. Australia and New Zealand: Australia: Cyclone Marcus brought heavy rain and strong winds to the Northern Territory, knocking down trees, triggering explosions from electrical faults and power outages. Meanwhile, Tropical Cyclone Marcus threatened the north with flooding downpours. North America: US: As a second storm in three days swept east of the Rockies, bringing locally severe storms over parts of an area that stretched from the lower Mississippi Valley to parts of the southern Plains. It also brought damaging winds, large hail and widespread flooding. Tornadoes were also likely to strike. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection sent the solar wind towards Earth, triggering strong auroras.

20th-22nd - Mid-Phase and Vernal Equinox MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: A rocket attack targeted a busy market in a government-held district of Damascus, killing at least thirty-five and wounding six. Rebels in the besieged Eastern Ghouta region fired the rockets. In a separate incident, an airstrike in the besieged rebel-held Eastern Ghouta region hit an underground school, killing fifteen school children and two women. The next day, an airstrike on a market in the northwest killed twenty-eight. Europe: UK: A Hawk military aircraft crashed at RAF Valley on Anglesey, killing one and injuring several. Only one person had ejected from the jet before it crashed and burst into flames. Spain: Officers were checking the identity of a Senegalese street merchant in the central Madrid neighborhood of Lavapies when a group began insulting them and throwing objects at them. Three of the policemen were wounded, and riot police were deployed. Spain and Portugal: Storm Hugo began strengthening as it headed for Spain and Portugal with flooding rain and damaging winds. Asia: Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Afghanistan: A suicide bomber targeted a shrine in Kabul during an Afghan New Year celebration, killing at least thirty-one and wounding sixty-five; ISIS claimed responsibility. Thailand: A tour bus lost control on a downhill curve in Nakhon Ratchasima province. The bus then crossed over the highway median into oncoming traffic before falling on its side, killing eighteen and injuring thirty-three. Africa: Madagascar: Tropical Cyclone Eliakim affected 15,000 people, destroyed 648 homes, damaged more than a thousand other homes, damaged schools and left at least seventeen dead. About 43,000 had no access to clean water. The storm battered areas that were hit by Tropical Cyclone Dumazile earlier in March and Tropical Cyclone Ava in January. Somalia: A US airstrike near Mubaarak killed two and wounded three al-Shabab militants; a vehicle was also destroyed. In a separate incident, an al-Shabab militant's car packed with explosives targeted a tea shop in the Wehliye Hotel, in Mogadishu, killing at least fifteen and wounding twenty-two. Several buildings and vehicles were damaged or destroyed. Mali: French and United Nations bases on the outskirts of Kidal were hit by rockets, wounding five soldiers. This was followed by a failed attempt of a Malian military offensive to retake the town from separatist groups, leaving sixty soldiers dead. Australia and New Zealand: Australia: A tropical cyclone was developing in the Arafura Sea and would bring damaging winds, widespread flooding and rough seas. Some of these same areas endured heavy rainfall and flooding from Tropical Cyclone Marcus just days ago. A massive brushfire in the New South Wales coastal town of Tathra destroyed more than seventy homes and buildings (late on the 19th). North America: US: A student shot and critically wounded two fellow students at a Maryland high school. After a gunfight with a campus security officer the shooter was killed. In a separate incident, another package, filled with nails and shrapnel, exploded in Austin, Texas at a FedEx depot. This was the sixth exploding package in the city, leaving two dead and wounding four. The next day the police found the suspect and he detonated a bomb and killed himself as authorities approached his vehicle. In a separate incident, severe storms ripped through the Southeast, dropping tornadoes and large hail across parts of Mississippi and Alabama. Numerous homes, churches and schools were destroyed. Roofs were ripped off and windows were smashed in the dorms at Jacksonville State University, as trees and powerlines were also knocked down. The next day, an area from Florida to coastal areas of Georgia and South Carolina were put through the same with damaging winds, large hail, flooding and tornadoes. Another Nor'easter, the fourth in recent weeks, slammed the Northeast from Philadelphia to New York City with snow, ice, and damaging winds, leaving at least four dead. Snow also covered inland regions, such as Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky. Schools and businesses closed, thousands of power outages took place, and more than 5,000 flights were canceled. A state of emergency was declared in New York. In California heavy rainfall triggered flooding and mudslides in those areas devasted in last year's wildfires. US and Canada: A new storm from Alberta, Canada, know as the Alberta Clipper, was headed northward and spread heavy snow across parts of the northern Plains and Midwest. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Militants once linked to Colombia's largest rebel group attacked soldiers in Esmeraldas province, killing three. The group was said to be involved in drug trafficking and a recent spate of violence along the border. Solar Activity: The solar wind intensified Arctic auroras and triggered a G-1 Class geomagnetic storm. The Earth's magnetic field was in a state of unrest for the past five days as an unusually-wide stream of solar wind blew around our planet. The geomagnetic field was literally shaking back and forth. The next day, a complex network of coronal holes opened on the Sun, spewing more solar wind into space.

24th - First Quarter (15h 35m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: Rebel groups pulled out of more towns in the Eastern Ghouta, especially leaving the city of Douma, the last rebel-held stronghold. It is now mostly controled by the government. Egypt: A bomb placed under a car exploded in the city of Alexandria as the city security chief's convoy passed by, killing two policemen and wounding four others. Saudi Arabia and Yemen: Houthi rebels in Yemen fired several missles into Saudia Arabia. Saudi forces shot down seven missiles. Missle fragments landed in on suburb home, killing one and wounding two (early on the 25th). Europe: France: A gunman attacked a supermarket in the town of Trebes, leaving three dead (including the gunman) and twelve wounded (late on the 23rd). The gunman had taken hostages and barricaded himself in the supermarket for about two hours. Earlier he had stolen a car by killing the driver and shot policemen as they were jogging. Later three homemade explosive devices, a handgun, and a knife were found inside the supermarket. He claimed to be an ISIS miltant and it was considered a terrorist attack. Russia: A leisure complex in the Siberian city of Kemerovo caught on fire, killing at least sixty-seven, forty-one were children (early on the 25th). Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber targeted a sports stadium right after a wrestling match in Helmand province, killing at least thirteen and wounding fifty. The bomber was stopped from entering the stadium but blew himself up at the entrance. Vehicles and building were destroyed or damaged. In a separate incident, a bomb was detonated in Kabul near a tent being used by members of a civil society in support of Pashtuns against atrocities in Pakistan. The blast killed one and wounded thirteen. It was believed to be the work of the Taliban or local ISIS miltants. Indian Ocean: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck the Southeast Indian Ridge (03-24; 19:58). Japan: Kirishima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia; A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of the island of Saumlaki (03-25; 20:14). Africa: Kenya: A crack opened up in the Rift Valley forcing part of a highway to collapse and forcing evacuations from the Suswa area. Australia and New Zealand: Australia: Tropical Storm Nora intensified and made landfall in northern Queensland as a severe tropical cyclone (equivalent of a Category 2 hurricane). Nora brought strong winds and rough seas, as heavy rains and a strong storm surge triggering widespread flooding. The amount of damage was yet to be discovered. North America: US: More than half-million people marched in Washington, DC for more gun control in what was called a "March for Our Lives"; numerous other cities in the US also marched to end gun violence. It was a response to the latest school massacre. More than 800 sister protests took place in numerous cities including Paris, Edinburgh, London, Geneva, Sydney and Tokyo. Mexico: Police in the state of Michoacan found a bullet-ridden pickup truck with fifteen dead bodies. One of the dead was identified as member of a cartel involved in drug trafficking, kidnapping, extortion and killings. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Brazil: Buses and buildings were firebombed in the city of Fortaleza and the surrounding state of Ceará in at least ten incidents. As a result, police escorted public buses the next day and nearly 4,000 troops patroled Rio favelas. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck east of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea (03-24; 11:23). Solar Activity: The co-rotating interaction region of the Sun's Interplanetary Magnetic Field triggered G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras.

27th-28th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Saudi Arabia and Yemen: Saudi Arabia and its allies bombing campaign against Shia rebels over three years has left around 2.2 million Yemeni children malnourished, 80 percent of them severely. This "Forgotten War" - most of the world's attention has been focused on Syria - has put the country on the verge of a man-made famine. Syria: Government forces surrounded the last rebel-held town in the Eastern Ghouta area, preparing for a huge operation in Douma. Douma was controlled by Jaysh al-Islam who said its fighters want to disarm and stay, instead of evacuating during a ceasefire. Europe: Russia: Several thousand rallied outside the local government headquarters to protest the handling of the leisure complex fire in the Siberian city of Kemerovo that killed at least sixty-seven (see the previous lunar phase). The fire alarm was switched off and the exits were blocked. Also, the protesters claimed that the death toll was greater than reported and that many were still missing. Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. UK: The Russian engineered poisoning of a former Russian spy in England was met with international outrage. At least 123 Russian diplomats were expelled from at least twenty-seven countries and NATO. Asia: Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Nigeria: A fire broke out in a camp where thousands lived after being displaced by Boko Haram violence near the Nigerian border with Cameroon. Five were left dead, dozens of livestock were lost and around 200 tents were destroyed. Democratic Republic of Congo: Suspected rebel attackers, armed with machetes and hatchets, killed eleven in Beni. Other experts blamed DR Congo soldiers for the killings. Somalia: A bomb went off shortly after three men left a parking lot next to the International Committee of the Red Cross in Mogadishu. One of the men was critically wounded and the other two and an ICRC staffer were injuried by the bomb attached to their vehicle. North America: US: An SUV plunged off a cliff along Northern California's scenic Pacific Coast Highway near Mendocino, killing at least five in the vehicle. Three other children were missing and extensive searchs for them got undeway. A slow-moving storm system brought flooding downpours, severe thunderstorms, damaging winds, and tornadoes across Texas and Louisiana. The heavy rain flooded Texas A&M campus. Cars were trapped on flooded roads on campus and buildings filled with water. Rising rivers would bring even more flooding to the south-central states. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Venezuela: Officials investigated a riot and fire at a police station in Valencia that many claimed was holding detainees in extremely poor conditions, so much so, that relatives feared they were dead. Police would not let them go into the station, and instead, launched tear gas to disperse the crowd of screaming men and women. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck east of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea (03-26; 09:51). Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection bathed the Earth with solar wind plasma for more than five days, keeping the geomagnetic field in an unsettled state with frequent Arctic and Antarctic auroras.

31st - Full Moon (12h 37m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Yemen: The war-torn country, with more than 20 million in need of food and other supplies, suffered the loss of four warehouses holding 50 tons of food by a destructive fire. The warehouses also contained fuel and mattresses for displaced people. The cause of the fire was unknown. Israel and Palestine: Israel targeted militant groups inside Gaza, killing fifteen Palestinians and wounding twenty-five others. Thousands of Palestinians marched along Gaza's border with Israel throwing stones and rolling burning tires toward troops. Israeli forces fired at clashes along the border fence, killing at least fourteen and wounding more than 750. Europe: Germany and Poland: Colder air and heavy precipitation interacted across northern Germany and western Poland, bringing rain mixed with wet snow and disrupting travel. UK: A disruptive snow storm unfolded across a part of the country, bringing snow to the hills and rain elsewhere. Asia: India: A four-story hotel collapsed in Indore, a city in Madhya Pradesh state, killing at least ten and injuring three. Another ten were pulled from the debris, while another five were trapped under the rubble. Pakistan: Militants targeted a police convoy in Dera Ismail Khan with a bomb attack, killing three officers. The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack and warned of more to come in the future. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on Kyushu island underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Nigeria: Boko Haram militants targeted two villages and a military base near the city of Maiduguri, in Borno State. The militants clashed with soldiers using suicide bombers, mortars and guns, killing fourteen villagers and a solider, and wounding eighty-three. Democratic Republic of Congo: A Catholic priest was kidnapped in the city of Goma in North Kivu province and demanded $500,000 for his release. This came at a time when North and South Kivu provinces were experinceing a wave of violence among militia groups. North America: US: Another disruptive storm brought snow to the Great Plains and Great Lakes. Another storm moved quickly eastward from the Ohio Valley to the central Appalachians bringing a mix of rain and wet snow, and disrupted travel. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck east of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea (03-29; 21:25). The Great Pacific Garbage Patch: Earth's biggest cluster of ocean trash enlarged to be three times the size of France. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the northern section of the Sun, sending a mass ejection towards Earth.





April


3rd-4th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: The government began regaining control of the last rebel-held town in the Eastern Ghouta region, as the first members of the Jaysh al-Islam rebel group left Douma on buses. Despite a ceasefire the region was bombed by Syria and Russia Yemen and Saudi Arabia: Yemen's Houthi rebels attacked a Saudi oil tanker in the Red Sea west of the port of Hodeida in Yemen, causing minor damage to the ship. The next day, a missile was launched by the rebels targeting an Aramco oil facility in the city of Jizan. Europe: France: The train network was severely disrupted as a wave of strikes began against the country's President whose labor reforms were unpopular. It was planned to last three months, affecting two days in every five. Various: European air traffic control was hit with a system glich that delayed 15,000 flights. Germany: Two subway trains collided in the city of Duisburg, injuring twenty-two, two seriously. Asia: Afghanistan: An Afghan military airstrike targeting the Taliban in a religious school in Dasht-e Archi district in Kunduz province, killing at least twenty-five and severely wounding fifty. According to the Taliban they claimed that none of them were there and that all causualties were civilians. In contrast, the government claimed that at least twenty-five Taliban were killed or wounded. Indonesia: An Indonesian military attack targeted the Papua region, sending about one hundred villagers to flee in order to take shelter within a mountainous jungle with rebels after Indonesian soldiers set fire to their homes. The soldiers killed two rebel fighters and injured dozens. India: Millions sweltered in a resurgent heat wave that spread from Delhi to Hyderabad. Africa: South Africa: A bus carrying members of the National Union of Mineworkers was firebombed, killing six and wounding several others. Mali: A mass grave was discovered just days after increasing jihadist attacks and the military began an increased presence to stop extremism from spreading. The following day, a mortar attack against UN Peacekeepers, left two dead and at least ten wounded. Central African Republic: Anti-Balaka militants attacked a UN peacekeeping base in Tagbara, killing one and wounding eleven. UN peacekeepers claimed that more than twenty-two anti-Balaka fighters died in the clash. Cameroon: Twelve Europeans and six Cameroonians were seized by "secessionist terrorists" and were later freed in a military operation. Nigeria: Five gunmen riding motorcycles raided a police station in Kogi State and began shooting, killing at least two police officers and a suspect in a jail cell. They then stole guns and ammunition. Australia and New Zealand: Austalia: Tropical Cyclone Iris - strengthened into a Category 2 storm - battered the Queensland coastal areas from Ayr to Sunshine Coast with widespread flooding, rough surf and damaging winds. North America: US: A woman shot and wounded three at YouTube's headquarters in Northern California, and then she killed herself. A critcally wounded man was beieved to be her boyfriend. New York was hit by a snowstorm that brought its highest snowfall since 2003. The Ohio Valley to the lower Mississippi Valley was hit with the year’s most extensive severe weather outbreak, bringing hail, damaging winds, hurricane-force wind gusts, flooding and tornadoes. Buildings had their roofs blown off, nearly 100,000 were without power, and trees were knocked down. South America: Bolivia: A powerful 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Tarija and north of Carandayti (04-02; 13:40). People evacuated buildings that swayed, some as far away as Sao Paulo, Brazil, about 1,800 miles (2,895 km) from the epicenter. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent a explosive eruption. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck south of the Fiji Islands (04-02; 05:57). Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun that lashed Earth with high-speed solar wind in mid-March began turning to face Earth again. It is emerging over the Sun's eastern limb.

8th - Last Quarter (7h 18m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: A chemical attack targeted the rebel-held town of Douma, killing about seventy and injuring more than five-hundred. Meanwhile, government forces comtinued their offensive against the last rebel-held town in eastern Ghouta, near the Damascus, along with airstrikes and shelling of civilian areas. The offensive killed eight and wounded forty-eight, while seventeen Syrian soldiers were also killed. Europe: Germany: A man in a van targeted people drinking outside a popular bar in the city of Muenster, killing two and injuring twenty. The driver then shot himself dead. In a separate incident, a World War II-era bomb was discovered during construction work in the town of Paderborn, forcing the evacuation of more than 26,000 residents in order to remove the bomb. Asia: Japan: Sakurajima volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Central African Republic: A United Nations mission in the country undertook a joint operation with the military to dismantle the bases of armed groups inside the capital, leaving at least three dead and thirty wounded. Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand: A powerful storm brought heavy rain, thunderstorms and strong, damaging winds. It triggered widespread flooding, knocked out power, disrupted travel and brought snow to the uplands. North America: Canada: A big rig truck slammed into a bus chartered by a junior hockey team, killing fifteen (on the 7th). US: The Deep South was pelted with tennis-ball-sized hail and ripped by tornadoes. Heavy rain and flash floods threatened parts of California and led to the closure of Yosemite National Park. The same storm brought disruptive snow sweeping across the northern Plains to the Ohio Valley. In Pennsylvania eventy landslides spilled onto highways. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck west of Porgera, Papua New Guinea (04-07; 05:48). Southwest: After being battered by Tropical Cyclone Josie, Fiji experienced new dangers from strengthening Tropical Cyclone Keni, a Category 2 tropical cyclone. It brought widespread flooding, dangerous seas, and damaging winds. Solar Activity: A large coronal hole opened up on the Sun, spewing a stream of solar wind towards Earth.

11th-12th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Saudi Arabia and Yemen: Yemen's rebels, known as the Houthis, used missiles to target the cities of Riyadh and Jizan, and drones to target an airport and an Aramco oil facility. Saudi officials said that the missles were intercepted and some of the drones were destroyed. Israel and Palestine: Another Palestinian protester was shot and killed at a border protest campsite by Israeli fire. This makes the number killed by Israeli fire over the past two weeks to thirty-four; at least twenty-six were protesters. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. India: A powerful thunderstorm with hurricane-force winds caused two pillars to collapse located at different entry gates of the Taj Mahal, in the city of Agra. Japan: A powerful storm began developing that would bring flooding, damaging winds and travel disruptions across the country. Africa: Algeria: A military plane crashed just after taking off from Boufarik military airport, west of Algiers, killing 257; most were army personnel and their families. It was the country's worst-ever air disaster. Somalia: A bomb exploded at a packed football stadium, killing five spectators and seriously wounding eight. The miltant group al-Shabab claimed responsiblity. North America: Mexico: People in the town of Totolapan, in the state of Guerrero, were so afraid of drug gangs that ninety-two were evacuated by Mexican soldiers and police. US: An outbreak of severe thunderstorms, including tornadoes, developed and swept portions of the central and southern Plains to the Mississippi, Ohio and Tennessee valleys. The storms brought damaging winds, flooding, hail and tornado damage. Another storm brought a dark sky and a funnel cloud over downtown Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Another tornado whipped through the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport briefly shutting down a runway, damaged a small private plane and tossed luggage with peak winds of 84 mph (135 kph). A funnel cloud was also reported in the Port Everglades area of Fort Lauderdale. Aother major storm developed bringing heavy snow and blizzard conditions from regions of the northern and central Plains to the Upper Midwest. It was expected to ground flights, disrupt travel, close schools and impede businesses. South America: Brazil: Inmates at a jail in the city of Belem attempted a mass breakout with the help of an armed group outside the jail who blew a hole in a jail wall with explosives. The result was that one guard, and nineteen prisoners and there helpers were killed. Colombia: A drug gang, known as the Gulf Clan in the Uraba region, targeted a caravan of government workers, killing eight with a homemade bomb. The next day the country's president told the security forces to go after the Gulf Clan. Chile: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of Ovalle (04-10; 10:19). Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southeast: Aoba (Ambae) volcano on the island of Vanuatu erupted, dropping widespread ash and killing at least four. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection sent a stream of high-speed solar wind towards Earth, triggering auroras and G1-class geomagnetic storms. Auroras were seen a far south as the Dakotas. The auroras and storms continued for days.

16th - New Moon (1h 57m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: The country's air defenses shot down missiles targeting the Shayrat air base in the city of Homs. Europe: Cyprus: Several hundred Cypriot, Palestinian and Syrian protesters waved Syrian flags and chanted anti-Western slogans in front of the US Embassy. They questioned whether the Syrian President used chemical weapons on his own people (see the previous lunar phase). Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent another explosive eruption with lava flows. India: A dangerous heat wave once again was putting millions of residents at risk for heat-related illnesses, such as strokes, and those related to poor air quality. Temperatures ranged from 100 F to 110 F (38 C to 43 C). Africa: Nigeria: In Abuja clashes erupted between security forces and protesters who demanded the release of a pro-Iranian Shia leader. Protesters threw stones at the police who fired teargas and arrested many of the protesters. In a separate incident, an armed gang opened fire on a vehicle killing a local policeman and abducting a German construction worker in an ambush in Kano. North America: US: A violent riot erupted at a maximum security prison in South Carolina, leaving seven dead and at least seventeen injuried. Contraband and territory were seen as the reasons for the riot. The northeast was battered with severe weather, including flooding downpours, a rare April ice storm, and strong winds. In New York City, travel disruptions mounted as streets and subway stations became flooded, and hundreds of flights were canceled. The storm also unleashed torrents of rain that flooded parts of New England. In the south, dozens of tornadoes touched down, leaving paths of destruction and nearly 140,000 customers were without power. At least one person was killed and seven were injuried. Thndersnow, sleet, heavy snow and blizzard conditions blasted the north-central states, breaking snowfall records. South America: Brazil: About one hundred members of a homeless movement protested the jailing of the former President and briefly took over the beachfront apartment at the center of the corruption case against him. Pacific: North Central: A record-breaking 28 inches of rain in a 24-hour period was dumped on the island of Kauai, Hawaii, triggering widespread flooding, inundating homes and businesses, stranding entire towns, triggering landslides and washing out roads. Southeast: Aoba (aka, Ambae and Manaro Volcano) volcano on the island of Vanuatu erupted (see last lunar phase), and now, a new round of evacuations could make the evacuations from last year's violent eruptions permanent. The Vanuatu government was considering permanently relocating all 11,000 residents of the island. Solar Activity: Another wide coronal hole opened on the Sun, sending a stream of solar wind towards Earth.

19th-20st - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Rebels evacuated the town of Dumayr, northeast of Damascus, and headed to north Syria. This was the latest turnover by the rebels to the government. In a separate incident, airstrikes by Iraq's military left thirty-six ISIS miltants dead. Israel and Palestine: Protest organizers moved tents closer to the Israeli border fence in Gaza a day before a planned mass demonstration. The likelihood of bloodshed was high. The next day, Israeli soldiers fired from across a border fence, killing four and wounding more than 150 Palestinians. Yemen: Heavy fighting brokeout between Yemeni pro-government forces and Shiite Houthi rebels in the province of Taiz, leaving at least twenty-five dead and dozens wounded. Meanwhile, the Saudi-led coalition carried out airstrikes against the rebels in the town of al-Rahda. Pro-government forces also seized control of several villages in the Qabbaytah district, leaving five Houthi rebels dead. Yemeni security forces also killed two suspected al-Qaida operatives in the province of Abyan. Europe: Germany: A World War II bomb in a Berlin train tunnel was defused by police after forcing an evacuation of about 10,000 from residences, businesses, government ministries, hospitals and museums. Armenia: About 40,000 demonstrators took to the streets protesting the new prime minister whom they wanted to resign. The protests were due to a new system that gives the prime minister expanded powers and diminishes the presidency. Asia: Indonesia: Rivers and canals were clogged with dense masses of bottles, bags and other plastic packaging. The crisis was so acute that the army was called in to help, but the waste accumulates as quickly as they try to clear it. Ibu volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption. Also on the island, Dukono volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Mount Ioyama volcano erupted after being dormant for 250 years, spewing clouds of volcanic ash on the Shiretoko Peninsula of Hokkaid?. Africa: Senegal: Three opposition politicians were arrested and police fired tear gas to prevent a demonstration. However, protesters gathered against voting on a bill that would limit the number of candidates who run for president. South Africa: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck the Prince Edward Islands region (04-19; 21:09). Crowds of protesters in the town of Mahikeng were looting shops, barricading roads and setting vehicles on fire, because an official was misusing state funds. Police fired rubber bullets at the crowds and the country's predident cut short his attendance at the Commonwealth summit in London to deal with the situtation. North America: US: The Rhea wildfire burned over 350,000 acres in Oklahoma, making it what is called a Mega-fire. So far it destroyed more than fifty structures, two people were killed and another nine where injured, and it was difficult to contain. After being hit with massive and widespread flooding (see the previous lunar phase), Hawaii was again hit with more heavy rain. It made the flooding worse, triggering more landslides, mudslides, and washing out roads. South America: Ecuador and Colombia: A Colombian rebel group kidnapped a couple in Ecuador just days after they had kidnapped journalists and their driver, and then killed them. In response, both Ecuador and Colombian stepped up their hunt for the rebels. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind triggered G2-class geomagnetic storms and unusual "electric blue" auroras.

22nd - First Quarter (21h 46m) HIGH


Mideast: Saudi Arabia: A bus was travelling from Mecca on an Umrah pilgrimage when it was hit by a fuel tanker, setting the tanker on fire, and killing two and injuring twelve. Syria: Government forces used warplanes, helicopters and artillery to bombard districts of Damascus held by ISIS miltants. The miltants held parts of the Yarmouk camp and nearby area of Hajar al-Aswad, forcing most of the six thousand civilians in Yarmouk camp to evacuate to an area in Yalda. Libya: The country's navy recovered the bodies of eleven migrants and rescued 263 others whose boat capsized in two separate operations off the western coast. In a separate incident, the Libyan National Army carried out airstrikes against "terrorist sites" near the city of Misrata, destroying dozens of weapons and vehicles in the town of Sadada. The strikes targeted an al-Qaida-linked group as retaliation for recent attacks by the group. Europe: Armenia: Thousands of anti-government protesters took to the streets in the city of Yerevan after riot police seized their leader. The current prime minister was re-elected by parliament, fuelling the protests. Seventy were arrested, including two suspected bombers. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber targeted a voter registration center in Kabul, killing at least fifty-seven and wounding 119; ISIS miltants claimed responsiblity. China: A long, narrow boat packed with paddlers, known as a dragon boat, overturned and another arriving at the scene also capsized on a river in the city of Guilin. Nearly sixty were plunged into the water, killing seventeen. It appeared that a strong river current was responsible. Pakistan: Gunmen killed two Shiites and wounded a third in Quetta, adding the fifth such incident to a recent series of attacks on the religious minority. In a separate incident, thousands of Pashtuns, a tribe people, took to the streets in the city of Lahore, protesting for the release of tribesmen being held on alleged links to militants. India: Government forces raided Maoist rebels' hideout deep in a forested area in the Gadchilori district in Maharashtra state, killing at least fourteen Maoist rebels. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan and the Korean Peninsula: A storm system began to bring flooding downpours, mudslides, and travel disruptions to the Korean Peninsula. It would then move across Japan in the days that followed. North America: US: A nude gunman with a semi-automatic rifle burst into a Waffle House in Nashville, Tennessee, killing four and wounding two. A layer of ice on the Aroostook River broke triggering flood warnings in the towns of Caribou and Washburn in Maine. A powerful storm system brought heavy thunderstorms, flooding downpours, waterspouts and travel delays to the Souteast. Canada: A man used a rental van to plow into pedestrians on a roadway and sidewalks in northern Toronto, killing ten and wounding fourteen (on the 23rd). Central America: Nicaragua: Dozens of shops in Managua were looted as protests continued due to government social security reforms (see previous lunar phase). At least sixty-three protesters were killed, fifteen were missing and dozens were arrested during several days of clashes. Solar Activity: Geomagnetic activity and auroras began to subside after an interplanetary shock wave passed by the Earth.

25th-26th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Egypt: Rare heavy rains fell on Cairo and other parts of the country triggering widespread flooding, submerging roads, houses and vehicles. Major highways were closed and numerous people were stranded in their cars. Israel: Unusually heavy rainfall triggered a flash flood that swept hikers away in Nahal Tzafit, killing at least nine. Another fifteen were rescued and one was missing. Europe: Armenia: After talks failed tens of thousands of opposition protesters returned to the streets. Some officials called on the entire government to resign and suggested the country hold fresh elections. Italy: Stromboli volcano on the Eolian Islands underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Spain: A court acquitted five men of rape charges for an attack on a young woman during a bull-running festival, sending thousands into the streets in protest. Protests took place in Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia and Pamplona, and in more than a dozen other cities. Asia: Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent a number of explosive eruptions. La Réunion Island and the island nation of Mauritius, in the Indian Ocean, were slammed by Tropical Storm Fakir. Its powerful winds toppled trees and power lines, and the rains triggered widespread massive flooding and mudslides, submerged roads, homes and vehicles, damaged property and killed at least two. India: The state of Andhra Pradesh recorded 36,749 lightning strikes in just a 13-hour period, and continued to strike the next day, killing at least nine. Extreme weather patterns were responsible for the unusually high number of strikes. A school bus collided with a train in the state of Uttar Pradesh, killing at least thirteen children. Africa: Kenya: Heavy rains triggered widespread flooding, forcing more than 200,000 to flee their homes, as roads and buildings were submerged. With heavy rainfall persisting and Kiambere Dam overflowing, the flooding continued to pose a risk to thousands more. Madagascar: Thousands of protesters took to the streets of the capital of Antananarivo for a fifth day that left at least two dead. The factor that triggered the protests was now due to a new electoral law that prevented the former president from running for office. Cameroon: The military underook weeks of raids in English-speaking parts of the country where homes were burned, many people were arrested, and the headmaster and teacher of a school were killed. The separatists, known as the Ambazonians, attacked the military in the town of Belo, afterwhich Cameroon forces retreated. South Sudan: Ten aid workers were kidnapped near the town of Yei. South Africa: Overnight rains triggered flooding in the drought-hit city of Cape Town, submerging roads and flooding houses and businesses. North America: Mexico: Gunmen in a car tried to kidnap a high school student, then they opened fire on him as he fled into the building, wounding five other students. Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and lava domes. US: A refinery in Superior, Wisconsin, exploded, injuring at least twenty and was felt a mile (1.6 km) away. The reason for the explosion was unknown and there were no immediate reports of fatalities. Residents were ordered to evacuate their homes. A strong thunderstorm outbreak swept the Southeast, especially Georgia and eastern Alabama, triggering localized damage, flooding and travel disruptions. Multiple tornadoes also swept the Southeast damaging homes and businesses, and injuring at least six, one seriously. A waterspout swept parts of Florida, as well. Central America: Nicaragua: Police released dozens of protesters some of which said they were beaten and tortured, while some were distressed and had their heads shaved. At least twenty-five protesters were killed since the protests started (see the previous lunar phase). South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: North Central: Klauea volcano in Hawaii underwent an eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun's northern hemisphere, sending a stream of solar winds towards Earth.

30th - Full Moon (0h 58m) MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: Missile strikes hit military sites in Hama and Aleppo provinces, killing a number of pro-government fighters. A monitoring group said four Syrians and twenty-two foreigners, mostly Iranians, were killed. The military sites were seriously damaged. It was unknown who launched the missles. Europe: Switzerland: The Swiss Alps were hit by major wind storms and falling temperatures, killing four skiers; one died in a fall and three of hypothermia. Another five were in serious condition. The bad weather forced them to spend the night outside, as they were unable to reach shelter. In a separate incident, two climbers were also killed in the bad weather. UK: A slow-moving storm system brought heavy rainfall and flooding to parts of the country. The arrival of strong winds and cold air made matters worse. Asia: Afghanistan: A militant on a motorbike attacked an area in Kabul, and then a second attacker targeted the same area after a crowd had gathered at the scene. At least forty-one were killed, nine of which were journalists, and forty-five were wounded. In a separate incident, a suicide bomber targeted NATO troops in Kandahar province, killing eleven children. ISIS claimed responsiblity for the attacks. China: A former student took revenge for being bullied at a secondary school in Shaanxi province by stabbing nineteen students, killing nine. India: Deadly thunderstorms and temperatures as high as 115 F (46 C) were felt across parts of the country. Powerful thunderstorms swept parts of the northeast, including Bihar state, where at least thirteen were killed. Deadly thunderstorms were expected to continue for days. Africa: Somalia: Heavy rains triggered flooding in the town of Beledweyne in Hiran region, as the Shabelle River burst its banks, forcing thousands to flee their homes. Roads, homes and businesses were submerged, and an unknown number of people died. South Africa: Gangs set fire to at least eighteen trucks on a highway in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, forcing the closure of the main road between the two biggest cities, Johannesburg and Durban. More than fifty protesters were arrested for public violence. The reason for the unrest was that foriegn truck drivers were employed which some locals did not want. North America: US, Mexico and Central America: The Mexico-US border crossing near San Diego was already full when an additional 150 Central Americans escaped their country's unrest to seek asylum in the US. US: Dangerously severe storms, with thunderstorms, hail, damaging winds, flooding and tornadoes, began to sweep the central and southern Plains from Texas to Iowa. The storms were epected to last for another two days and may extend into New England. The rapidly expanding Tinder Fire in Arizona destroyed at least 500 homes and forced a number of evacuations and road closures. Strong winds hampered efforts to contain the fire that was expected to continue for days. South America: Suriname: Pirates raided fishermen's boats off the coast, forcing sixteen fishermen to jump overboard. Only four made it to shore, and the other twelve were missing and feared dead. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: North Central: The Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano's Puu Oo crater floor began to collapse, triggering a series of earthquakes and pushing the lava into new underground chambers. Solar Activity: Solar wind began flowing from an equatorial coronal hole.





May


3rd-4th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Libya: The headquarters of the electoral commission in Tripoli was attacked by ISIS-miltant suicide bombers, killing at least twelve (on the 2nd). Palestine and Israel: Several thousand Palestinians staged a protest on the Gaza-Israel border; the sixth in recent weeks. At least seventy Palestinians were wounded by Israeli fire, as the protesters damaged pipelines that carry fuel and gas into Gaza. Asia: India: Monster dust storms chocked the states of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, killing at least 125 and injuring scores more. The storms also knocked out electricity, uprooted trees, destroyed houses and killed livestock. The state of Andhra Pradesh alone was hit by more than 41,000 lightning strikes. Pakistan: A suicide bomber on a motorcycle targeted a bus carrying employees of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, killing two and wounding several others. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Mali: Militants linked to the ISIS group in Mali attacked the two communities of Tindinbawen and Taylalene, killing at least seventeen. South Africa: A minor 2.2-magnitude earthquake struck a gold mine outside Johannesburg, killing four, injuring six and trapping another six. Kenya: A group of militants attacked workers in a quarry in the town of Mandera, killing four and wounding several others. The militants, believed to be al-Shabab militants, then crossed the border into neighboring Somalia. North America: US: Severe weather threatened at least 40 million people in the central states and Northeast. Nine tornadoes ripped through Oklahoma, Kansas and Missouri with wind gusts of 100 mph (161 kph), with heavy rain, lightning, and strong winds damaging homes and knocking down powerlines. A day earlier eighteen tornadoes ripped through the Midwest. Strong tornadoes, damaging winds and very large hail ripped throughout the Plains. The storm then brought damaging thunderstorms, flooding, tornadoes and strong winds to the Northeast. Connecticut police were in a stand-off over a domestic violence call when a barn exploded, killing one officer and injuring nine others. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. The next day, Pacaya volcano underwent a mildy explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: North Central: More than 300 earthquakes shook Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano, prompting scientists to say the activity could trigger a new eruption. People were told to stay away and be ready to evacuate. The Puu Oo crater floor began to collapse on the previous lunar phase, triggering a series of earthquakes and pushing the lava into new underground chambers. The next day the volcano erupted sending fountains of lava 100-feet (30 m) into the air and destroying several homes and roads. The 1,800 residents in the area were forced to evacuate. A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of the volcano and southwest of the Leilani Estates (05-04; 22:32). Southeast: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck the Easter Island region (05-02; 06:32). Atlantic: West Central: A storm brought rain and thunderstorms to the northern Caribbean islands, the Bahamas and part of Florida, triggering widespread flooding. Solar Activity: A coronal hole covering nearly half of the solar disc turned toward Earth and spewed a stream of solar wind that was expected to trigger G1-class geomagnetic storms.

7th - Last Quarter (22h 8m) MODERATE


Mideast: Saudi Arabia and Yemen: Airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition targeted the presidency building in the heart of the Yemeni capital, killing at least six and wounding thirty. Many were believed to have been buried under the rubble, as well. Europe: Turkey: Heavy rains in Ankara triggered flash floods that injured at least four, tossed cars around and blocked roads and rivers filled with debris. Asia: Afghanistan: An explosion took place at a mosque in the province of Khost, killing at least seventeen and wounding thirty-seven, many critically. People had gathered for afternoon prayers at the mosque, which was also being used for voter registration. It was likely the work of ISIS miltants. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Philippines: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck north of Pandan (05-05; 06:19). India and Pakistan: Severe thunderstorms swept the north bringing frequent lightning, damaging hurricane-force winds and blowing dust. Thunderstorms swept across northeast Pakistan before moving into Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan. Africa: Rwanda: Heavy rains triggered landslides, killing eighteen and washing away houses. Kenya, Somalia and Uganda: Heavy rains also swept through these countries, triggering widespread flooding, submerging roads and houses. Kenya and Somolia: Nine Kenyan soldiers were killed when Al-Shabab militants attacked their patrol car in neighboring Somalia. Nigeria: More than 1,000 people that were held captive in four villages in the Bama area of Borno State by Boko Haram militants were rescued by Nigeria's military. South America: US: Heavy rains and melting snow brought the worst flooding to Montana since June 21, 1975. Numerous rivers overflowed their banks blocking roads and flooding homes and businesses. Pacific: North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano continued to erupt destroying thirty-six buildings, mostly homes, and threatens hundreds more. Roads were also detroyed and surrounding forests were set on fire. Almost 2,000 were forced to evacuate and new fissures and vents opened up. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection reached the Earth, triggering G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras.

10th-11th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria, Israel and Iran: Twenty rockets were fired at Israeli military positions in the occupied Golan Heights. In response, Israel struck almost all of Iran's military infrastructure inside Syria. It was called the "biggest assault" of the war. Iraq-Syria border: Iraqi and US-backed Syrian forces captured five senior ISIS group leaders in a cross border raid. Palestine and Israel: Once again, thousands of Palestinians in Gaza protested near their sealed border, as the Israeli army fired on them, killing one and wounding 176 Palestinians. Later, vandals burned a fuel depot and a conveyor belt, causing more than $9 million in damages and disrupting the import of fuel and building supplies. Europe: Russia: Klyuchevsky volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Asia: Indonesia: Merapi volcano in Central Java underwwent a sudden highly explosive, Large Plinian eruption with pyroclastic flows. Tajikistan: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Ishkashim (05-09; 10:41). Myanmar: Rohingya villagers who spoke to a UN security council delegation in Rakhine about the violence they experienced at the hands of the Myanmar military. This forced them to disappear because the security agencies launched a hunt for them. Africa: Kenya: Heavy rains caused a dam to burst near the town of Solai, killing at least forty-one. More than 2,000 were left homeless as it swept away hundreds of homes, power lines and buildings, including a school. Torrential rains continued to fall, hampering rescue efforts, and adding to the death toll. Dozens were still missing. Somalia: A landmine exploded in the Wanlaweyn district, killing ten soldiers and wounding three. A day earlier, a suicide bomber targeted a market in Wanlaweyn, killing at least fourteen. In a separate incident, US and Somali commandos seized three commanders of the al-Shabab militant group in a village in the Lower Shabelle region. A day earlier, five people were killed and a number of others were captured in a raid by al-Shabab militants. South Africa: Attackers entered a mosque in KwaZulu-Natal province after midday prayers, stabbing three people, one later died, and they also set the mosque on fire. Nigeria: Operations got underway in the troubled Adamawa and Taraba states where the military and police tracked down armed bandits, killing at least ten in each state. North America: US: A tornado hit Wisconsin’s Washington County, knocking down power lines and trees, blocking roads and causing structural damage to buildings. A tropical disturbance began moving slowly northward over the eastern Gulf of Mexico, bringing powerful thunderstorms, rain and heavy downpours over Florida, triggering flooding. Central America: Nicaragua: Tens of thousands of protesters undertook new anti-government rallies in Managua, the capital. The government then cracked down on student protesters in universities in Managua, killing three - adding to the estimated 63 deaths since the protests began weeks ago. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano continued to erupt destroying more homes and roads, as another fourteen fissures opened up, along with rockfalls and explosions that produced ash columns. The volcano observatory warned that the risk of potentially large, phreatic explosions had increased, and that huge projectiles and large ash falls were eminent. Winds were forecast to shift and send vog - a fog of dangerous sulfur-gas fog - from the latest Kilauea eruption to spread northwestward from the Big Island to Maui and other islands in Hawaii. Southeast: Bagana volcano on Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption. Solar Activity: Earth exited a stream of solar wind flowing from a coronal hole, which triggered brief but intense magnetic disturbances.

15th - New Moon (7h 47m) MODERATE


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: The opening of the US embassy in Jerusalem was met with violence against protesting Palestinians, leaving sixty dead and about 2,700 wounded (mostly on the 14th). Many nations condemned the attacks. Asia: India: An overpass was being built in the city of Varanasi when it collapsed, crushing vehicles beneath it, killing at least eighteen. There were others still trapped beneath the fallen structure, but their number and condition was unknown. In a separate incident, violent clashes erupted over local elections in the state of West Bengal, leaving at least five dead (some reports say ten) and twelve injuried. In a sapatate incident, fierce winds and lightning devastated many villages, bringing down homes and leaving at least twenty-three dead and dozens injured in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Delhi. The number of dead over three days totaled eighty. All four states remained on high alert as officials warned of more thunderstorms over the next few days. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Senegal: Protesting students clashed with police at the University of Saint-Louis, leaving one student dead and two dozen injuried. Eighteen police officers were also injuried. The reason for the protest was that the students had not received their grants and as a result wanted to eat for free at the university's restaurants. Then the authorities called the police. Nigeria: At least eighty people were abducted by gunmen as they travelled on a major highway in the state of Kaduna. North America: US: Colorado was pelted by large hail that coated the ground making it look more like winter. An EF-0 tornado tore through a community in Florida, destroying homes and knocking down trees and power lines. Meanwhile, a storm was headed for Florida with drenching downpours, gusty winds and strong thunderstorms. The storm brought tornadoes, waterspouts, flooding and rough seas. Severe thunderstorms erupted over the central Appalachians and headed for other parts of the Northeast. The storms brought damaging winds, flooding, hail, tornadoes and travel disruptions. A State of Emergency was issued in New York. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano continued to erupt destroying more homes and roads, as another three fissures opened up, making a total of twenty fissures. Rockfalls and explosions that produced ash columns increased. Officials may order thousands more people to evacuate before escape routes are cut off. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun's southern hemisphere.

18th-19th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Palestine and Isreal: Palestinians resumed their fiery protests at Gaza's border with Israel which drew Israeli gunfire and tear gas, leaving at least twenty-three wounded. Syria: An explosion at a weapons warehouse at the Hama air base set off more explosions that left eleven dead and dozens wounded. It was not clear what set off the first explosion. Yemen: A warning was issued for the very rare Tropical Cyclone Sagar in the Gulf of Aden, which triggered widespread flooding that forced sewage out onto the streets and destroyed buildings and vehicles. Europe: Russia: Four gunmen attacked a Russian Orthodox church in the province of Chechnya, but were killed by security forces in a clash that also left two policemen and a churchgoer dead. Asia: Afghanistan: Three bombs targeted a cricket tournament in Jalalabad province, killing at least eight and wounding forty-two. India and Pakistan: Indian and Pakistani soldiers fired at border posts and villages along the highly militarized frontier in disputed Kashmir, killing eight civilians and an Indian soldier, and wounded ten. The firing and shelling began overnight and the next day spread to dozens of posts in the Jammu region of the Himalayan territory. Africa: Kenya: Two Kenyan politicians who were taking a selfie escaped unhurt after a bridge collapsed in Kisi. There was no know reason why the bridge collaped. Ghana: A group of soldiers went on the rampage in the city of Tamale after one of their colleagues was arrested. This incident triggered a clash with police that left eight policemen injuried. Tropical Cyclone Sagar also brought flooding to northwestern Somalia and neighboring Djibouti (see the entry for Yemen). North America: US: A student opened fire at a Texas high school, killing at least ten and wounding ten. The attacker was arrested and charged with murder. Strong storms brought large hail, strong winds, widespread flooding and a few tornadoes to the Central Plains, affecting Colorado, Wyoming, and large portions of Nebraska, Kansas and Oklahoma. Record rainfall in Virginia triggered raging floodwaters from the Potomac River. Flooding also took place downstream in the DC area. South America: Venezuela: Inmates held at El Helicoide, the headquarters of the country's secret service, took over part of the jail after a political prisoner was beaten. The beating triggered a protest which was met with tear gas by the National Guard. In a separate incident, a prison riot was triggered by inmates who wrestled a gun from guards in the city of Barquisimeto, setting off an exchange of gunfire that left two guards and nine inmates dead, and twenty-eight prisoners were injuried. Atlantic: West Central: A Boeing 737 airliner crashed near Jose Marti International Airport in Havana, Cuba, killing 113 and injuring three critically. Pacific: North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano underwent another explosive eruption that sent ash 30,000 feet (9,100 m) into the air. More fissures opened up totaling twenty-two fissures, as more homes were destroyed. A red aviation code warned planes to avoid the area. People near the volcano were told to wear masks because of the ash and the noxious sulfur gases. South: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck south of the Kermadec Islands (05-18; 01:45). Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind reached Earth but did not trigger any geomagnetic storms.

21st - First Quarter (23h 49m) LOW


Mideast: Syria: The military captured an enclave in southern Damascus from ISIS militants, bringing the capital fully under the government's control; the first time in seven years. This allowed the military to move into the remaining rebel-held territory in the south near the border with Israel. Europe: Ukraine: Clashes broke out between Ukrainian forces and separatist rebels near the village of Yuzhnoye, leaving two soldiers dead and four wounded. It was the worst fighting of the year. Asia: Sri Lanka: Heavy rain from thunderstorms triggered flooding and landslides that left at least seven dead and displaced more than a thousand. More thunderstorms was forcast and the government warned people to take precautions against lightning strikes. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. India: An estimated 5,000 people attended a protest at the Tamil Nadu smelting plant where police killed at least thirteen. Residents who protested for month said the copper smelter was causing environmental damage. India: A copper plant in the state of Tamil Nadu that locals had been protesting against for more than 20 years was again the scene of a protest. The police shot at a large crowd of protesters, killing at least thirteen (on the 22nd). Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: An attack took place in the Beni region by a Ugandan rebel group, the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), killing at least ten. The ADF are militant extremists that pledges allegiance to al-Qaeda. Somalia and the Horn of Africa: Tropical Cyclone Sagar brought torrential rains that triggered widespread flooding, killing more than twenty and displacing as many as 30,000 in Djibouti alone. Buildings, homes, vehicles and infrastructure were damaged or destroyed. North America: US and Mexico: At least 200 demonstrators blocked a major bridge between Mexico and Texas to protest the disappearance of dozens from the border state of Tamaulipas. This caused long lines of thousands of trucks to back up in both directions. US: Severe storms brought flooding rains, strong winds and tornadoes to parts of the southern US. Homes, buildings and vehicles were damaged or destroyed. An unsettled weather pattern developed and remains over the Southeast bringing thunderstorms, flooding downpours and tornadoes. It showed no signs of ending soon and would continue for days to come. Thuderstorms, damaging winds, flooding downpours and hail battered the Ohio Valley, as well. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano activity sent two lava flows into the Pacific, creating thick hazardous clouds known as "laze" - clouds of hydrochloric acid and glass particles. Hawaii's Civil Defense Agency told residents to stay away from any ocean plume as a result. Thousands have left their homes and more than forty homes have been destroyed. Solar Activity: A coronal hole opened up on the Sun sending the solar wind towards Earth.

24th-25th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: Airstrikes targeted military positions between the towns of Boukamal and Hmeimeh in Deir el-Zour province, killing at least tweleve pro-government soldiers. A military base in central Syria also came under attack from enemy fire and a missile attack. Moreover, unknown explosions took place at Dabaa airbase in Homs province. Yemen: Cyclone Mekunu slammed into the Yemeni island of Socotra in the Arabian Sea, causing widespread flooding, sinking at least two ships, washing away vehicles, damaging or destroying homes and leaving at least forty people missing and feared dead. Two Indian cargo ships were missing, losing five of their crew members. The island of Socotra was declared a disaster zone and hndreds had to evacuate from flooded villages. Oman: After wrecking the Yemeni island of Socotra, Cyclone Mekunu, with winds equal to a Category 3 hurricane, headed for Oman. Mekuna brought heavy rains, widespread flooding, strong winds, and rough seas, as it made landfall near Salalah, Oman's third-largest city. Libya: A car bomber targeted a busy street in Benghazi, killing at least seven and wounding twenty. No group claimed responsibility for the attack. Israel and Palestine: Protesting Palestinians tried to damage the border fence, rolled burning tires and threw an explosive device at soldiers. Israeli soldiers responded with tear gas and gun fire, wounding at least eighty-six. Europe: UK: Severe thunderstorms developed that would sweep across much of Wales and England, bringing heavy rain, widespread flooding, damaging winds, and hail. Asia: Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu again underwent an explosive eruption. Mozambique: Gangs of men armed with guns and knives attacked Ilala, a coastal site in Macomia, the group was known locally as “Al-Shabaab” or as “Al-Sunna” miltants. India: Recent social media rumors about "child kidnapping gangs" triggered mass panic in at least three states. At least five people were killed and twenty wounded. Africa: Somalia: A US airstrike targeted an area where al-Shabab miltants were holed up southwest of Mogadishu, killing at least ten of the miltants. Nigeria: Nigerian soldiers separated fleeing women from their husbands and confined them in remote camps where nine of them were raped. The women and girls were seeking refuge from Boko Haram miltants and fighting starvation. North America: US: Damaging thunderstorms erupted through the central Plains and upper Mississippi Valley, bringing torrential downpours, flooding, hail and tornadoes. Subtropical Storm Alberto formed and would target US Gulf Coast states, and was expected to strengthen into a tropical storm or even a hurricane. Regardless of its strength, the storm would bring heavy rains, flooding, damaging winds, waterspouts, and rough seas. Canada: A homemade bomb exploded, ripping through an Indian restaurant in the Toronto suburb of Mississauga, wounding fifteen people. Police were searching for the two who planted the bomb. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano again underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Argentina: An old cinema collapsed in the city of Tucumán, killing at least three and trapping an unknown number of people underneath the rubble. Pacific: North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano remained very active, and continued to pose a number of dangerous threats to residents, while it shows no signs of subsiding. The number of fissures that have opened up was twenty-three. Solar Activity: Another stream of solar wind coming form a coronal mass ejection was approaching Earth, and in a few days would trigger high-latitude auroras. Sprites that looked like a swarm of luminous jellyfish appeared over Oklahoma. Sprites are upward directed lightning.

29th - Full Moon (10h 19m) MODERATE


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Hamas and other Palestinian militants targeted southern Israel with dozens of rockets and mortar shells, while Israeli warplanes struck more than sixty targets throughout the Gaza Strip. It reminded people of how earlier wars began. Libya: An explosion in the city of Derna killed seven and wounded seven others as they were attempting to leave Derna. Dozens of families have left the city. Europe: Belgium: A prison inmate on a 48-hour leave stabbed two police officers in the city of Liege, seized their weapons and shot them and a bystander to death. He was then shot to death by a group of officers. The event set off a major terror investigation, as the inmate was known to have been radicalized, but was still given leave. UK: Thunderstorms triggered widespread flooding in parts of southeast England as the region received a month's worth of rain in a few hours. Properties were evacuated and streets closed as floodwaters consumed them, and some train services were canceled as railway lines were submerged. In a separate incident, a bus ploughed into twenty-five vehicles in Hythe Street, Dartford, injuring seventeen people. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Mozambique: Al-Shabab militants attacked Monjane village in Cabo Delgado province, beheading ten, including children. North America: US: Devastating floodwaters tore through the historic town of Ellicott City, Maryland for the second time in less than two years. The first time it was called a 1,000-year event. The flood destroyed shops, homes and vehilces, and killed at least one. In a separate incident, severe thunderstorms moved eastward across the northern and central Plains. The storms had produced a dozen tornadoes over Wyoming, Colorado and Kansas. Meanwhile, Alberto (see previous lunar phase) moved northward, bringing heavy downpours, flooding, tornadoes and locally severe thunderstorms to parts of the Midwest. Central America: Nicaragua: Continuing protests against the country's President was met with pro-government forces who opened fire on tens of thousands of protesters in the capital Managua. More than ninety have been killed since the protest began in April. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano again underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano remained very active, forming new vents, and causing more evacuations. More than eighty homes have been destroyed so far and it shows no signs of stopping. Solar Activity: A coronal hole at the Sun's equator sent the solar wind towards Earth where it would trigger geomagnetic storms and auroras.





June


1st-2nd - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Thousands of Palestinians gathered at the Israeli border in the eastern Gaza Strip when a Palestinian woman was killed by Israeli fire. It was the tenth weekly protest aimed at drawing attention to the Israeli-Egyptian blockade. The violence continued along the border with Israel, which since March, has left more than 13,000 Palestinians injured, creating what was called an "unprecedented health crisis"; more than 115 have been killed so far. The following day, with the funeral of the woman, thousands of Palestinians took to the streets in protest again. Dozens of mourners headed to the fence and started throwing stones at the Israeli soldiers, responding with gun fire wounding five protesters by Israeli fire. Libya: Fighting between the Libyan National Army and militants left at least seventeen civilians dead and twenty wounded in the city of Derna. Jordan: Several thousand joined the largest protest against the government's austerity measures, including price and tax hikes. Riot police clashed with demonstrators and fired tear gas to keep them away from the prime minister's office. Iraq: ISIS miltants attacked the village of al-Farahatiyah, targeting and killing a family of twelve. Yemen: Heavy fighting brokeout between pro-government forces and rebel Houthis, leaving eighteen pre-government forces and ten Houthis dead, and thirty pro-government forces wounded in the town of el-Faza. Asia: India and Kashmir: An armored vehicle drove wildly into a crowd of anti-India protesters in the city of Srinagar, injuring seven, one critically who later died. The next day, Government forces in Indian-controlled Kashmir fired shotgun pellets and tear gas at hundreds of mourners. The marchers were defying a government order that bans assembly of more than four people in the city. Hundreds of residents again showed up, and the police again fired tear gas into the mourners, wounding a dozen. That set off battles between residents and government forces. In a separte incident, Hizbul Ahrar gunmen killed one and wounded three security guards in the tribal region along the Afghan border. Indonesia: Merapi volcano on the island of Java underwent a highly explosive eruption with lava domes and pyroclastic flows. Africa: Somalia: A US airstrike outside Mogadishu killed twelve al-Shabab miltants. Nigeria: Five soldiers were killed during a gunfight with Boko Haram militants in the Gwoza area, in the state of Borno (on 5/31). An unknown number of the miltants were also killed. Mali: Opposition and security forces clashed during a prohibited march before elections, injuring sixteen. North America: US: A widespread outbreak of severe thunderstorms swept from western North Dakota to northwestern Missouri with damaging, hurricane-force winds and tornadoes. Some areas were hit with continuous lightning, downed trees, power outages, hail and flooding. Heavy rain, flooding, landslides and hail battered the mid-Atlantic states, from Virginia to Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Heavy rains triggered a mudslide in North Carolina, destroying a home, and killing two people inside. The weather had already forced the declaration of a state of emergency. In New Mexico, a rapidly spreading fire brokeout in Ute Park charring more than 27,000 acres, and forcing the park's closure and evacuations. The fire was threatening 150 structures, and had already destroyed twelve. Central America: Nicaragua: Protests, and violence and social unrest continued to grip the country. Vehicles were burned, buildings were damaged and at least one person was killed. Streets were often deserted after dark as armed groups patroled areas shooting and robbing. Opposition supporters sought refuge in a church in the city of Masaya, after being attacked by riot police and pro-government militias. Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Houses were buried in ash and debris up to their rooflines and to try to see if anyone was trapped inside recuers had to use sledgehammers. At least sixty-five people were killed. South America: Argentina: Tens of thousands of protesters who were against the government's economic policies and its decision to seek help from the International Monetary Fund culminated in front of the presidential palace. Previous protests were met with violence. Pacific: North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano remained very active and could trap residents and tourists. As a result, officials told residents they would be arrested if they do not evacuate their homes. The state's largest freshwater lake filled with lava evaporating its waters within a few hours. Solar Activity: The coronal mass ejection flowing from an equatorial hole on the Sun, triggered G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras.

6th - Last Quarter (18h 32m) HIGH


Mideast: Iraq: Two explosions tore through a mosque in a mostly Shiite district of Baghdad, killing at least ten and wounding twenty-five. Yemen: A boat capsized in high waves while crossing the Gulf of Aden, drowning at least forty-six Ethiopian migrants. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Somalia: Two Somali elders were shot dead in the Mogadishu as part of a rise in the number of targeted shootings by al-Shabab militants. A day earlier three local politicians and their six bodyguards were killed in an al-Shabab ambush. Kenya: A small passenger plane with ten people on board disappeared from the radar, triggering a search around Aberdares forest (late on the 5th). North America: Mexico: An explosion ripped through a home where fireworks were being stored outside Mexico City, killing seven and injuring eight. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego Volcano underwent another explosive eruption with lava flows and ash plumes that rose over 3 miles into the air and spewed more fast-moving pyroclastic flows. At least one hundred were killed so far, nearly two hundred were missing, more than 3,000 were evacuated and nearly 2,000 took refuge in shelters. Nicaragua: Anti-government protests spread to Granada where two were killed, the city hall was set on fire and some shops were looted. The death toll since the start of the unrest in April was 129. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: East: The first tropical storm of the hurricane season, named Aletta, formed off the coast of Mexico and was expected to become a hurricane in a few days. North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano remained very active and set for the destruction of the Kapoho Bay and Vacationland neighborhoods, as hundreds of homes have already been destroyed. The lava flow had completely filled Kapoho Bay. West: A new tropical depression, tentatively named Tropical Depression Domeng, emerged threatening areas from the Philippines to Japan with flooding downpours and strong winds.

9th-10th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Iraq: Three bombs exploded in the city of Kirkuk, killing a woman and wounding eighteen others. Iran: Members of the country's Revolutionary Guard killed six and wounded three terrorists near the border with Iraq. Europe: Romania: More than 100,000 supporters of the government protested the alleged abuses committed by anti-corruption prosecutors. UK: A British commentator was jailed for contempt of court after he broadcast outside a criminal trial for the second time. This triggered a mass protest of thousands where bottles, metal barriers and other objects were thrown at police officers, injuring five. Spain: About 175,000 Spaniards from the northern Basque Country formed a human chain that stretched about 125 miles (200 km) to demand a ballot for secession from the country. Asia: Afghanistan: The Taliban attacked a checkpoint in Kandahar province, killing five and wounding three security forces. India: Militants entered into the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir from Pakistan, triggering a gun fight that left at least six rebels dead. Indonesia: Agung volcano on the island of Bali underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Somalia: An attack by al-Shabab miltants in Jubaland killed one US special operations soldier and wounded four others. North America: US: Drenching thunderstorms triggered flash flooding across part of the Midwest and Northeast. One supercell thunderstorm moving from Winnebago into Worth and Cerro Gordo counties in northern Iowa triggered a few tornadoes. A tropical low in the Gulf of Mexico could strengthen into the second named storm of the season, and appeared to be headed towads the western Caribbean. Strengthening winds brought more challenges for firefighters battling the Ute Park Fire and other major fires burning across the Southwest. US and Canada: A vigorous storm system that brought unseasonably cool and unsettled weather to the Pacific Northwest moved north into the Northern Plains and south-central Canada. The storm hit west of Saskatoon and Regina, Saskatchewan, to the border of North Dakota and Montana and the Black Hills of South Dakota, bringing damaging winds, large hail, tornadoes and flooding downpours. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego Volcano underwent another explosive eruption with lava flows, pyroclastic flows and ejecting rocks, forcing new evacuations. The death toll was brought to 110 and 200 were still missing. The eruption triggered a rise in the Panaleon river forcing more to evacuate from the community of Santa Lucia Cotzumalguapa. Pacific: East: The first tropical storm of the hurricane season, named Aletta, which formed off the coast of Mexico, developed into a powerful Category 3 hurricane with sustained winds of of 125 mph (205 kph). While it was not expected to make landfall, it triggered life-threatening surf and strong rip currents along portions of mainland Mexico and the west coast of Baja California Sur. Hurricane Bud formed in Pacific also off Mexico's coast, making it the second hurricane of the eastern Pacific season. North Central: Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano remained very active, while nearly 10,000 earthquakes have rocked the area since it first erupted. More than 700 houses have been destroyed. Solar Activity: Space Weather: Thunderstorms over central Europe were accompanied by a huge outburst of sprites, whihc are upward moving bolts of lightning-like discharges.

13th - New Moon (19h 43m) HIGH


Mideast: Yemen: A Saudi-led coalition launched a fierce assault on the port city of Hodeida (Hudaydah), the main entry point for food in a country already on the brink of famine. The assault was against the Houthi rebels, but could force a shutdown of Hodeida's port, sending about eight million into starvation. A number of specialists have said that as many as 250,000 could be killed by the attack. About 2,000 troops crossed the Red Sea from an Emirati naval base in the African nation of Eritrea, four of which were killed in the first assault. Twenty-two Houtis were also killed. Europe: Serbia and Croatia: Heavy rains in the Balkans flooded buildings and streets, as hail damaged buildings and vehicles, and destroyed crops. As it progressed, ice formed on the already flooded streets, buildings and vehicles. In central Serbia, hail and strong winds damaged orchards. Asia: Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Agung volcano on the island of Bali underwent a highly explosive eruption. UK: Powerful Storm Hector unleashed damaging winds and hevy rainfall. The hardest-hit areas stretched from Northern Ireland into Scotland, northern Wales and northern England. North America: Mexico: Grupo Gepp, a bottling and distributor of soda for PepsiCo, closed its plant in the city of Ciudad Altamirano because of gang threats. US: Storms continued to plague portions of the Plains from parts of Nebraska and Iowa to Oklahoma, Texas and New Mexico with damaging wind gusts, large hail and flooding. The fifth-largest wildfire in the state’s history threatened homes and land in southwestern Colorado. About 2,100 residents were forced to evacuate. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. North Central: Lava from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano continued to flow into the Pacific Ocean, creating clouds of steam, hot water and molten splatter. The lava was also creating new land. Pacific: Southeast: Yasur volcano on the island of Tanna Island, Vanuatu, underwent an eruption with persistent strombolian activity. Solar Activity: Earth entered a minor stream of solar wind.

16th-17th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Yemen: Saudi-led forces claimed they retook the Hodeida International Airport in the rebel-held port city of Hodeida, but the Houthi rebels denied they had done so. Meanwhile, the battling raged on throughout the port. Israel and Palestine: Palestinians launched burning kites and balloons into southern Israel setting fire to fields in more than a dozen locations. Israel responded with four airstrikes targeting Palestinians, but there were no causualties. Europe: Russia: A taxi plowed into pedestrians on a sidewalk near Red Square in Moscow, injuring eight; the driver had fallen asleep. UK: Thirty protesters stormed a cycling festival in Greater Manchester throwing bottles, food and beer kegs, injuring nine. Eight men were arrested. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber targeted a gathering in Nangarhar province in the city of Jalalabad, killing thirty-six and wounding sixty-five, most of which were Taliban fighters. They had gathered to celebrate a three-day cease fire marking the Islamic holiday of Eid al-Fitr. The next day a suicide bomber again targeted Taliban fighters in the city of Jalalabad, killing nineteen and wounding sixty. Pakistan and India: Protests against Indian rule erupted and were followed by clashes in Indian-controlled Kashmir, leavimg at least one dead and wounding about twenty-five. The protesters threw stones at the police and paramilitary soldiers, while the troops fired shotgun pellets, injuring at least eventeen. Protests and clashes also were reported at several places across Kashmir. Another soldier was killed after Pakistani soldiers fired mortars and guns. Pakistan: Gunmen riding on motorcycles opened fire on a vehicle carrying paramilitary soldiers in the city of Quetta, killing three troops. Japan: A powerful 6.1 magnitude earthquake hit the area around Osaka, damaging buildings and leaving many homes without water or gas. More than 1,000 schools were closed in Osaka and nearby prefectures, train service was suspended and flights were grounded. At least four people were killed, and at least 310 were injuried. Africa: Kenya: A police vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb planted by miltants, killing eight police officers. Nigeria: Six suicide bombers targeted people celebrating the end of Ramadan in the town of Abachari in the Damboa area, killing thitry-one and wounding forty-eight. North America: Mexico: Tropical Storm Carlotta's heavy rains and damaging winds pounded the Pacific coast southeast of Acapulco ahead of its expected landfall. Carlotta then moved inland into southern Mexico, bringing heavy rains that triggered flooding and mudslides in the states of Guerrero and Michoacan. US: Tropical Rainstorm Bud brought heavy rainfall on the raging wildfires in the Southwest. The rainfall, though needed to douse the fires, then triggered flooding. A tropical storm that developed over the western Caribbean moved into Texas with flooding ranfall. Severe storms and downpours also brought flooding to the Upper Midwest and northern Plains. Roadways and sidewalks in Houghton, Michigan were ripped apart by "historic flood damage". A dangerous heatwave chocked the central and northeast states, affecting about 61 million. About 2,050 beachgoers were stung by hundreds of jellyfish in Volusia county, Forida. Two men opened fire on an all-night arts festival in Trenton, New Jersey, wounding at least twenty-two. Central America: Nicaragua: Armed assailants set fire to a house in Managua as gunfire erupted at a street barricade, leaving at least eight dead. At least six members of the same family were killed in the arson attack. South America: Venezuela: A tear gas canister exploded during a brawl, triggering a stampede among hundreds gathered at a Caracas club for a graduation celebration, killing seventeen and injuring five. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind headed for Earth as a coronal hole opned up on the Sun.

20th - First Quarter (10h 51m) and 21st SolsticeMAXIMUM


Mideast: Yemen: Yemeni fighters seized the southern runway of the international airport near the city of Hodeida, as fierce fighting between pro-government forces and Houthi rebels raged on. Fierce battles also took place in the al-Durayhimi district outside Hodeida. Nearly 30,000 civilians fled their homes to escape the violence. Israel and Palestine: Israeli warplanes struck twenty-five Hamas positions in Gaza after Palestinian militants there fired about forty-five rockets and mortars into southern Israel. Israel has been plagued by large fires triggered by kites and balloons with inflammatory devices or burning rags that were launched by Palestinians in Gaza. The fires have destroyed forests, buildings and burned crops, as well as killed wildlife and livestock. Europe: Romania: Thousands of anti-government protesters demonstrated against new legislation that would facilitate political corruption and briefly tussled with police in Bucharest. Smaller protests took place in the cities of Brasov, Cluj, Iasi, Sibiu and Timisoara. Turkey: Kurdish rebels launched a rocket attack on a military vehicle as it was leaving a base near the town of Cukurca, killing two soldiers and wounding another. Asia: Pakistan: Gunmen opened fire on a police officer's car in the city of Quetta, killing two, and critically wounding the officer. The Taliban attackers escaped on motorcycles. Hours earlier counter-terrorism police killed four suspected militants in Quetta. Afghanistan: Taliban militants stormed at least two army checkpoints in Badghis province and then ambushed reinforcements that were sent in to help, killing about thirty Afghan soldiers. About sixteen of the miltants were also killed. Indonesia: Langila volcano on New Britain, Papua New Guinea, underwent an explosive eruption. Krakatau volcano on Sunda Strait, between the islands of Java and Sumatra, underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Cameroon: The Prime Minister called for emergency humanitarian assistance for hundreds of thousands of civilians that live in dangerous conditions because of separatist attacks. A new attack left eighty-four soldiers and police dead. Zambia: A copper mine dump collapsed in Kitwe, killing at least ten and injuring seven miners. However, more than twenty miners were feared dead as rescue efforts contimued. North America: US: A tornado touched down in Keenesburg, Colorado. Days of torrential downpours in southeastern Texas triggering widespread flooding and water rescues, as the heavy rains continued. Severe storms moved slowly from the central Plains to the middle Mississippi Valley, triggering flooding, hail and damaging winds. Central America: Nicaragua: Renewed violence intensified in the city of Masaya, where three people were killed and forty wounded, and in the city of Esteli, where two were killed and about a dozen were wounded. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2715 suddenly emerged and a minor solar flare formed between the sunspot's two main cores.

23rd-24th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: Iraqi forces undertook an airstrike, targeting three houses where ISIS miltant leaders were meeting in the town of Hajin, killing forty-five. Saudi Arabia and Yemen: A ballistic missile was fired over the Saudi capital, Riyadh, from Yemen, where Saudi-led coalition forces were at war. The Saudi air defenses intercepted the missile. Europe: Germany: An explosion destroyed an apartment building in the city of Wuppertal, injuring twenty-five, two seriously. It was unknown what caused the explosion that also ignited numerous fires. A van plowed into a pedestrian promenade in a university town in Munster, killing two and injuring twenty. The driver then killed himself with a gun; his motive was unknown. Greece and Macedonia: More than 5,000 protesters marched toward the Macedonian consulate in Thessaloniki. The protesters threw bottles and chairs, while police responded with tear gas and stun grenades. Both countries oppose renaming of Greece's neighbor North Macedonia and allow the Greek province of Macedonia to still use that name. Asia: Indonesia: Ibu volcano and Dukono volcano, both on the island of Halmahera, underwent explosive eruptions with ash plumes; Dukono also had lava flows. Africa: Ethiopia: An attempt was made to throw a grenade at the new reformist prime minister, instead it led to a deadly explosion at a huge rally of tens of thousands in support of sweeping changes. Two were killed and 154 others were wounded, eight critally. Six people were arrested as co-conspirators. Nigeria: A Boko Haram miltant attack targeted Tungushe village just outside Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State, leaving four dead and six wounded. The next day, clashes between mostly Muslim herders and Christian farmers, left eighty-six dead and at least fifty houses destroyed. Zimbabwe: A bomb attack took place at a rally in the city of Bulawayo intended for the country's president, but instead wounded fifteen other people, three of them seriously. Mali: Al-Qaida-linked militants killed herders outside Koumaga before entering and firing on villagers in numerous attacks. Thirty-six villagers were killed. North America: US: Some border towns in Texas got 16 inches (406 mm) of rain, triggering widespread flooding. A storm that had moved ashore in British Columbia, Canada, gathered strength as it moved across the Rockies, and then headed northeastward across the Plains. The storm brought large hail, flooding downpours. damaging winds and tornadoes. A tornado touched down in Cullman County, Alabama destroying a mobile home and injuring four. Storms downed trees and utility poles in Memphis, Tennessee. In Illinois flooding trapped fish on land and stopped train services. Roads and buildings were destroyed by flooding in Houghton County, Michigan. A wildfire in Northern California forced about 1,500 people to flee their homes. The fire would destroy dozens of homes, and threaten another 600 buildings. Central America: Nicaragua: Renewed violence intensified in the capital of Managua, claiming at least another seven lives. International criticism mounted against the government as having violated human rights during the protests, where a heavy-handed crackdown by security forces and allied civilian groups left many dead or wounded. More than 215 people have died since the unrest began in mid-April. The next day, at least four more people, including a baby, were killed when security forces opened fire on protesters. Pacific: East Central: Tropical Storm Daniel formed off Mexico's Pacific coast, but was headed out to sea and posed no threat to land. Southeast: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck west of Port-Vila, Vanuatu. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind swept the Earth's magnetic field and triggered auroras around the South Pole.

28th - Full Moon (4h 53m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: The Syrian government-backed Russia jets undertook airstrikes on rebel-held areas in the southwest along the border with Jordan and the Golan Heights, killing at least seventeen civilians in an underground shelter and forcing thousands to flee their homes. Egypt: Security forces killed ten militants, six were killed in a gun battle in Beheira province and another four were killed in Assiut. Two were arrested. The militants were involved in a bombing that targeted the convoy of Alexandria's former security chief months ago. Asia: India: A small private plane crashed in a busy area of Mumbai, killing five, including one person on the ground, and injuried another two. Thailand: Boys and their coach were on an outing when they entered a cave five days earlier and there was no contact with them since then. Thai navy divers had to stop their search and water pumping operation as the entrance flooded, forcing them to consider drilling into the mountain from above. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Agung volcano of the island of Bali underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Nigeria: An oil-tanker truck crashed and exploded into flames on a bridge in Lagos, killing nine, injuring four and burning fifty-four vehicles. Kenya: A fire broke out at Gikomba market in Nairobi, killing at least fifteen, injuring more than seventy, and destroying many properties. The cause of the fire is not yet known. North America: US: A shooter, using canisters of smoke grenades to hide his intent, targeted The Capital Gazette newspaper in Maryland, killing five and wounding two. Severe storms pounded an area from Missouri to Alabama and Georgia with damaging winds and donpours that triggered widespread flooding. Over 175,000 electric customers were without power as 55 mph (89 kph) winds knocked down powerlines. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Galapagos Islands: Sierra Negra volcano on the island of Isabela underwent an explosive eruption, forcing fifty residents to evacuate. The volcano erupted after two strong earthquakes opened up fissures (on the 27th). Tourists were not allowed near the volcano or the area of El Cura. Chile and Argentina: A winter storm headed for the two countries, and would unleash heavy rain and mountain snow. Heavy rains would trigger flooding and mudslides. Pacific: Northeast: The new Tropical Storm Emilia formed in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Mexico. It appears that it will stay far out to sea and pose no threat to land. Solar Activity: Earth was inside a stream of solar wind flowing from a coronal hole on the Sun's northern hemisphere.





July


1st-2nd - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Iran: Residents of Khorramshahr city took to the streets in protest because of salty, muddy water coming out of their faucets at a time when there was a year-long drought. Gunfire erupted as security forces confronted the protesters, wounding at least eleven. About 230 people were poisoned by the untreated water. Syria: It was only two weeks ago that the military undertook an assault on rebel-held areas in the southwest, but it had already forced more than 270,000 from their homes, fleeing to nearby countries. Israel ans Palestine: Thousands of Palestinian women that demonstrated along the besieged Gaza Strip were fired upon by Israeli soldiers, wounding 134 Palestinian women. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber targeted a convoy of Sikhs and Hindus on their way to the city of Jalalabad, killing at least nineteen and wounding twenty. ISIS claimed responsiblity. India: New Delhi police found eleven bodies at a home under mysterious circumstances, including ten that were blindfolded and hung. It was not known whether it was murder or suicide. An overcrowded bus plunged off a mountain road into a gorge in the Himalayan foothills, killing forty-eight and injuring a dozen, seven critically. A rumor circulated on Whatsapp that there were child kidnappers in Dhule, prompting residents to first beat five suspects with bamboo sticks and stones, and then lynched them. Twelve people were arrested for the killings. Japan and Korean Peninsula: Severe Tropical Storm Prapiroon headed for Southeast Asia bringing heavy rains, widespread flooding, damaging winds and mudslides to Japan and the Korean Peninsula. The storm would reach typhoon status. Pakistan: Gunmen ambushed a convoy of paramilitary troops and wounded two in an ambush on a security convoy in Baluchistan province, killing six paramilitary troops. An attack in the North Waziristan region left two policemen dead. China: Days of heavy rain triggered the collapse of roads in the province of Sichuan. Indonesia: Mount Agung volcano again underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and a huge ash plume that soared 6,500 feet (1,980 m) into the air. Africa: Mali: A suicide car bomber targeted a patrol of French soldiers but ended up killing four civilians in the city of Gao. This was the third attack targeting military forces in the last three days as the country prepares for an election; those attacks left seven dead and thirty-one wounded. Nigeria: At least thirty-two Boko Haram militants surrendered to the Nigerin army in the northeast, just a few days after five of them had been killed. South Africa: Northern and Western Capes were covered in an unseasonable snow, as very cold temperatures swept the region. North America: US: More than 630 events (on 6/30), involving tens of thousands of protesters, swept the country demanding the reuniting of migrant families split at the US border. Heavy rains pounded Des Moines, Iowa, where vehicles were submerged and streets were completely underwater in what was called an "historic flood". One man was swept away to his death. US and Canada: Residents of the midwestern US and portions of Ontario, Canada were pounded by severe thunderstorms, damaging winds, tornadoes and widespread flooding. A heat wave was building across the northeastern states and would continue for most of the week. Temperatures were the highest in years. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Northeast: A new tropical storm formed off Mexico's Coast south of Manzanillo and was forecast to develop into a powerful hurricane. It also appears that it would not make landfall.

6th - Last Quarter (7h 51m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: Government forces recaptured a vital border crossing with Jordan, raising the national flag for the first time in years. The rebels were weakened by a government offensive backed by Russia, causing them to surrender. Israel and Palestine: Once again Palestinian protesters were met with gunfire from Israel's military, killing one and wounding twenty-four. In one case, Hamas militants tried to throw an explosive device at soldiers near the border. In a separate incident, Israel's military struck a Syrian target after a shell launched from there landed inside the buffer zone at the border. Yemen: A drone strike killed seven alleged al-Qaida militants as they were driving along a road in the province of Shabwa. Over 121,000 Yemeni civilians have been driven from their homes by the escalating conflict in the port city of Hodeidah. Europe: France: Violent winds and hailstorms caused extensive damage to buildingss and cars, and left one dead and forty-nine injuried. A police officer responsible for a fatal shooting in Nantes, triggering three nights of rioting with violent clashes between groups of youths and police. Rioters burned cars and threw gasoline bombs at the police who responded with tear gas. A library, a shopping center and schools were set on fire. Russia: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck east of Ozernovskiy (07-06; 01:40). Asia: Thailand: A boat carrying dozens of Chinese tourists overturned in rough seas off the southern coast, near the island of Phuket in the Andaman Sea. Thitry-three drowned and twenty-three were missing and feared dead. Japan: Heavy rains triggered widespread flooding and landslides. The Japan Meteorological Agency called the rains "historic". Many of the missing were swallowed up by mudslides and landslides, and at least another four were missing for other reasons. About 210,000 people were told to evacuate. See the next lunar phase when more rains triggered further damage. Indonesia: Krakatau volcano on Sunda Strait underwent an explosive eruption with frequent strombolian activity. Japan, Korean Peninsula and China: The four countries were put on alert for the powerful Super Typhoon Maria after impacting Guam and the Mariana Islands. Africa: Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo: Unknown gunmen attacked a boat patrolling Lake Edward, killing one Ugandan soldier and injuring another. DR Congo navy chased after Congolese fishermen leaving four Ugandan soldiers and three civilians dead. North America: Mexico: Explosions ripped through fireworks workshops in the town of Tultepec, north of Mexico City, killing twenty-four and injuring at least forty-nine. Canada: Swelterig heat in the province of Quebec left at least thirty-three dead from heat-related complications. US: Heavy rain triggered dangerous flash flooding in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Thirty passengers were rescued from a bus that was trapped in the floodwaters. The third tropical system of the year - Tropical Depression 3 - formed off the coast of the Carolinas and impacted the East Coast. It may intensify into Tropical Storm Chris. In Colorado, the Spring Creek Fire grew rapidly by 8,500 acres overnight, with over 103,000 acres burned. More than 132 homes were destroyed. The cause of the fire was under investigation for arson. Several massive dust storms swept over the state of Arizona, affecting the cities of Phoenix, Tucson and Casa Grande. A monster heat dome threatens all-time temperature records in Southern California. Atlantic: West Central: A government plan to raise gas prices in Haitia sent protesters onto the streets, burning tires, blocking roads and setting several buildings on fire. Dozens of streets were affected in the capital of Port-au-Prince and the city of Cap Haitian. The Atlantic season's first hurricane, Beryl, formed and headed for the eastern Caribbean, threatening islands still struggling to recover from last year's storms. A hurricane watch was also issued for Dominica, a Category 1 storm that reached maximum sustained winds of 80 mph (130 kph). Solar Activity: A C1-class solar flare suddenly erupted from a new active region, probably a sunspot.

9th-10th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Europe: Turkey: A train derailed that was en route to Istanbul from the town of Kapikule on the Bulgarian border, leaving at least twenty-four dead and at least 318 injuried, with at least 124 still being treated in hospitals. Authorities blamed bad weather and a landslide for the accident, though the cause was unknown. Asia: Japan: The "historic" flooding was made worse as the rains continued. Hiroshima and surrounding villages were drenched with heavy rains and damaging mudslides and landslides, forcing evacuations and bringing the death toll to at least 155. Many houses were swept off their foundations, vehicles were carried by floodwaters or buried in mud, and tens of thousands were without electricity and water. Many people were buried in mudslides and landslides making it a daunting task for rescuers. About two million were forced to evacuate the region. Southeast: Maria brought damaging winds and flooding rain, threatening lives and property as it barreled across Japan’s Ryukyu Islands, then northern Taiwan and finally eastern China as a dangerous typhoon. Thailand: Rescue efforts continued in a cave where eight boys and their soccer coach still remained trapped for the 16th day (see lunar phase on 6/28). They all were put in further danger when monsoon rains made the water levels rise in the cave. Fortunately, by the next day all of the boys had been rescued. Pakistan: A suicide bomber targeted an election rally, killing a party leader and eleven supporters, and wounding thirty-five in the city of Peshawar. Azerbaijan: About 200 demonstrators gathered outside administration headquarters in the city of Ganja. Police brokeup the demonstration and detained forty people. Two police officers were killed in a clash with the protesters. The protest was over the arrest of a man accused of attacking the mayor, as the protesters knew he was from a radical militant group and they believed he was plotting a coup. Indonesia: Krakatau volcano on Sunda Strait underwent an explosive eruption with frequent strombolian activity. Agung volcano on the island of Bali underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Kenya: Students set on fire seven boarding schools and dormitories at three schools in protest against tough new rules to prevent cheating on exams. Police arrested 125 students and courts had already convicted three. Mozambique: Two attacks by miltants - one in the village of Macanga and a second in the village of Mbau - left eight villagers beheaded, and a number of houses burnt down (on 7/8). North America: US: Wildfires raged across California amid record heat. The Klamathon Fire near the Oregon border claimed two lives, while the West and Holiday Fires spread rapidly destroying dozens of homes. Thousands were forced to evacuate, and thousands more were without electriicity. A plane crashed in moutains on Prince of Wales Island in Alaska, injuring eleven. Poor visibility in bad weather was to blame, but all were rescued. Monsoon rains and damaging winds swept across parts of Arizona, ripping roofs off buildings and damaging vehicles. Haboobs - huge dust storms - swept through other parts of Arizona. Central America: Nicaragua: Anti-government protests continued during which clashes erupted in three areas, leaving thirty-eight dead. Most were killed when anti-government protesters put up barricades on roads, and police and pro-government groups attempting to clear them. It was the "deadliest day" since the protests began in April, and have so far left more than 300 dead. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosie eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosie eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: Protesters of increased fuel costs continued to clash with police in Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince, while a general strike shut much of the country down. Protesters set fire to a tax office, and several people were killed and airlines canceled flights over the four days of protests. The Haitian government canceled the fuel price increase. Tropical Rainstorm Beryl brought drenching rains that triggered flash flooding and mudslides to Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. It then headed for the Bahamas and could strengthen into a hurricane again. North and Central West: Tropical Storm Chris gained strength over the warm waters of the Gulf Stream, becoming Hurricane Chris, which was expected to gain more strength. It stirred up rough seas and life-threatening rip currents, and heavy downpours swept along the East Coast of the US. It appears that Hurricane Chris could hit Canada's Nova Scotia or Newfoundland with damaging winds and heavy rain later in the week. Solar Activity: The solar wind flowed from a minor coronal hole.

13th - New Moon (4h 34m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Egypt: A passenger train's cars derailed at a station close to Giza, injuring fifty-five. It was not clear what caused the derailment. An explosion at a chemical factory near Cairo's airport, left at least twelve people injuried. The explosion was the result of "high temperatures" at a fuel storage facility. Syria: US-led coalition airstrike targeted an ice factory near the village of al-Soussa where ISIS miltants gathered. The strike killed fifty-five people, twenty-eight of which were civilians. Government forces retook control of the rebel-held part of Deraa. A United Nations report indicated that up to 234,000 people remain displaced by the fighting. Europe: UK: As many as 100,000 undertook a mass protest in London, England against the American President, Trump. Hundreds more protested him in Gasglow, Scotland. Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Asia: Pakistan: A suicide bomber targeted a group of supporters who had gathered at a rally in town of Mastung during a troubled election campaign, killing at least 145 and seventy were hospitalized. Another four were killed in a strike in the northwest, spreading panic throughout the country. China: An explosion at an industrial park in Sichuan province left at least nineteen dead and twelve injuried. It was not clear what caused the blast. Japan: The death toll from the country's historic flooding (see the 7/6 lunar phase) rose to 203 and still dozens of people were missing. Hot temperatures then brought dangerous risks to people without electricity or access to clean water, and recuers digging for survivors. Africa: Cameroon: A convoy transporting the country's Defence Minister was ambushed twice, injuring several soldiers. Several of the attackers were killed. North America: US: The monsoon again brought flash flooding, dust storms, damaging winds and lightning strikes over the southwest. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosie eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck north of Isangel, Vanuatu (07-13; 09:46). West: Two storms currently over the Philippine Sea were expected to merge and become the next tropical depression or storm. The Philippines and Taiwan were expected to be hit by the storm with heavy rain triggering flooding and landslides. Solar Activity: Solar wind flowed from a coronal hole and could reach Earth in a couple of days. A solar eclipse could be seen in Tasmania and the northern beaches of Antarctica.

16th-17th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Libya: Migrants were locked in an abandoned truck container in the city of Zuwara, suffocating all eight to death. Syria: A suspected Russian airstrike hit a school serving as a shelter, killing at least fourteen and wounding twenty. Syrian and Russian airstrikes escalated in the Quneitra countryside and Daraa province. Yemen: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of Sayhut (07-15; 01:57). Europe: Greenland: A massive iceberg off the coast threatened the village of Innaarsuit forcing some of the residents to evacuate. The iceberg was capable of producing tsunami-like waves that could hit the village, while many of its residents did not know how to swim, as well. Asia: India: Moonson downpours triggered flash flooding in the western and central regions. The rains and landslides had already killed at least two dozen, forced more than a thousand to evacuate and killed scores of cattle. The monsoon rains continued to wreck havoc. Japan: A heat wave followed historic flooding (see 7/6 and 7/13 lunar phases) killing at least fourteen and sent more than two thousand to area hospitals. The heat wave along with high humidity was expected to continue. Afghanistan: The Taliban attacked a police checkpoint in Kandahar province, killing nine policemen and wounding seven. Twenty-five Taliban fighters were killed and fifteen were wounded in the battle that erupted. In a separate incident, an ISIS suicide bomber targeted a village where elders met with Taliban officials, killing at least twenty, including four Taliban members and a commander. Indonesia: In retaliation for a local man thought to have been killed by one, an angry mob of villagers killed nearly 300 crocodiles at a sanctuary in the province of West Papua. Officials could not stop them, but would charge them with fines and jail time. Africa: Mali: Gunmen attacked the village of Injagalane near the border with Niger, killing twelve and wounding several others. No group claimed responsibility. South Africa: A fire broke out on a conveyor belt in a copper mine in Limpopo province were about 200 miners were working. Most were rescued, some were hospitalized and six were killed. North America: Mexico: Mourners gathered in Fresnillo in the state of Zacatecas for a funeral service when gunmen burst in killing five and wounding seventeen; some critically (on the 15th). Ethiopia: Erta Ale volcano in the Danakil depression underwent an eruption with lava flows. Central America: Nicaragua: Again police and paramilitary groups attacked roadblocks set up by anti-government protesters. At least ten were killed and more than twenty were wounded as violence erupted in several cities south of Managua. Later, they captured a symbolically important neighborhood that had recently become a center of resistance to the president's government. Some residents fired homemade mortars from behind barriers, but they were outgunned by government loyalists. The conflict left three dead and dozens wounded. Pacific: North Central: A lava bomb from Hawaii's still active Kilauea volcano hit a tour boat injuring twenty-three. Northwest: Tropical Storm Son-tinh developed over the Philippine Sea and began to strengthen as it headed towards the Philippines, Vietnam, Laos and China. The storm brought flooding rain to northern Luzon Island in the Philippines and was expected to also hit southeastern China and northern Indochina. Flooding and landslides were widespread. Solar Activity: Solar wind flowing from a coronal hole should reach Earth in a few days. Sprites - upward-directed lightning-like discharges - were forming over the Northern Hemisphere, particularly over the central US.

19th - Last Quarter (19h 52m) HIGH


Mideast: Yemen: A boat carrying more than 160 African migrants from Somalia and Ethiopia capsized off the coast of the province of Shabwa. Fatalities and injuries were not reported. Syria: The last two besieged pro-government towns in the northwest - Foah and Kefraya - were evacuated. Dozens of vehicles took 7,000 residents and rebel fighters to a government-held territory in Aleppo, as part of a mediated deal. Asia: Indonesia: Krakatau volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Afghanistan: An explosion took place in the Charhar Dara district of Kunduz, killing at least fourteen civilians. The Taliban claimed that twenty-seven people were killed in the area earlier, and blamed it on US airstrikes. The US denied it killed any civilians. Africa: Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger: Burkina Faso's army captured about sixty extremists along the border with Mali and Niger. They also demolished the militants' bases and seized explosives. North America: US: A southern Oregon wildfire forced the evacuation of more than 700 homes and claimed a tractor operator's life, as it spread to 50,000 acres (20,204 ha). A state of emergency was decalred. In California the Ferguson Fire expanded to over 21,000 acres (8,498 ha) and left one firefighter dead. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck west of Chernabura Island, Alaska (07-19; 14:16). A state of emergency was declared in Marshalltown, Iowa, following damaging tornadoes. There was "catastrophic damage" that included missing and overturned vehicles, and damaged or destroyed buildings and homes. A number of other tornadoes struck the state and also caused damage elsewhere. A boat was tossed about and sunk in Table Rock Lake, Missouri in an unexpected storm, killing seventeen. Central America: Nicaragua: The city of Masaya - the center of anti-government protests - was back under the control of the government after coming "under siege" from police and paramilitaries in furious fight. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck west of Kandrian, Papua New Guinea (07-19; 18:30). Northwest: Tropical Storm Ampil formed and began to strengthen as it headed for areas from southern Japan's Ryukyu Islands to Taiwan and China who were on alert for potential impacts. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection was headed for Earth and would likely hit the next day.

22nd-23rd - Mid-Phase HIGH


Europe: Northern: Blistering temperatures and an ongoing drought has turned fields dry and brown from Poland and Latvia to Finland and Sweden. The UK had its highest temperature in fifty years. The hot, dry weather in Sweden hindered efforts to put out numerous wildfires, as well. The recent fires were said to be the country's most serious wildfire situation of modern times. Greece: Two wildfires raged near Athens, killing at least twenty and injuring 104 people. Officials declared a state of emergency in two areas, and most residents were ordered to evacuate. Asia: Japan: Blitering temperatures broke a national record, continuing a deadly heat wave in which at least thirty have died so far. South and North Korea: The Korean Peninsula also baked in the heat wave. Afghanistan: An ISIS militant suicide bomber targeted the Kabul airport, killing eleven and wounding sixty. Laos: The $1.2bn dam collapsed after heavy rain fall during the monsoon, killing at least twenty-seven, injuring dozens, and destroying houses and vehicles.. Africa: Kenya: Bulldozers moved in at dawn, destroying the homes of about 30,000 people in Nairobi's largest slum, Kibera, to make way for a new road. Two primary schools and a children's home were among the buildings demolished. Amnesty International described the evictions as tragic and illegal. In a separate incident, schools were continuing to be set on fire (see the 7/9-7/10 lunar phase) with a secondary school in Nairobi sending tweleve students to the hospital. Somalia: Al-Shabab militants targeted a military base with a suicide car bomb. Afterwhich, they stormed the military base near the port city of Kismayo, killing twenty-seven soldiers. Soldiers retook th base after heavy fighting that left eighty-seven of the militants dead. Mali: A militant group calling itself Islamic State in the Greater Sahara attacked a military area in the Soumouni forest in Segou region, leaving one Malian soldier and eleven militants dead. North America: Canada: A gunman opened fire into restaurants and cafes in a Toronto neighborhood, killing two and wounding thirteen. US: A tornado barrelled through the town of Opelika, Alabama damaging or destroying numerous mobile homes, trees and power lines. A major heat wave swept the southwestern states with temperatures 15 to 20 degrees above normal. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Minor G1-class geomagnetic storms and auroras were triggered by a coronal mass ejection.

27th - Full Moon (20h 20m) HIGH


Mideast: Syria: ISIS miltants carried out multiple attacks in Sweida, killing at least 215 and wounding 180 in the deadilest day of the 7-year civil war. Palestine and Israel: Two Palestinians were killed and more than eighty were wounded by Israeli fire in Gaza. In a separate incident, a Palestinian teenager broke into a settlement home and stabbed three Israelis, including one who later died. This prompted Israel to send troops and set up checkpoints there. Europe: Greece: The two wildfires that swept areas outside Athens left ninety-one dead, 2,000 homes damaged beyond use with 500 of them completely gutted, and hundreds of vehicles left as burnt shells. The death toll was expected to increase. Arson was believed to be the cause of the fire. Then, flash flooding struck the northern suburbs of Athens. Asia: Japan: Typhoon Jongdar strengthened and headed for Japan's coasts that had already endured other powerful storms. Heavy downpours, dangerous rip currents, flooding, power outages, and mudslides swept the area. Philippines: Twenty-two inmates escaped from a city jail south of Manila. Only three were recaptured. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: A small plane crashed near the border with Angola, killing at least five and injuring two. The cause was not yet known. North America: US: The Carr wildfire in Northern California nearly doubled in size, killing at least eight, destroying at least one thousand structures, damaging hundreds more and leaving vehciles gutted. Hundreds of homes were threatened as winds pushed the fire into communities. In Redding, residents ran for their lives as firefighters found it impossible to battle the wall of flames. Another fast-moving fire in Riverside County, California, burned 11,500 acres and five structures. The fire has forced evacuations of more than 3,000 homes. An arsonist was arrested for allegedly setting multiple fires, including the Cranston Fire. Still cleaning up from recent flooding, the Northeast was again pounded with severe thunderstorms that triggered more flooding, damaging winds and power outages. Pacific: South: Manaro Voui volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and ash plumes, forcing thousands of residents on Ambae island to evacuate.

30th-31st - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Egypt: A gunbattle broke out between Hasm militants and police north of Cairo, leaving five of the militants dead. Europe: Numerous: The heatwave choking large regions of Europe was already being blamed for deadly forest fires and crop failures, but now rivers, like the Rhine and the Elbe, have absorbed so much heat that fish were beginning to suffocate. Dangerous heat was expected to expand across western Europe from Germany to Spain and Portugal, and the UK to France into August. Asia: Tajikistan: A group of seven cyclists biking southeast of the capital Dushanbe, were struck by a car with five armed men inside. The armed men got out and attacked them with a firearm and a knife, killing four. ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack. India: Hundreds of demonstrators were demanding quotas in employment and education for the Maratha minority when it turned violent. The protesters burned buses, blocked a highway and attacked police with rocks. An unknown number were injuried on both sides. In addition, monsoon rain downpours triggered widespread flooding and left more than 450 homes damaged, nearly 100 people injuried and eighty-two killed over a week's time. And the rains were still coming. Indonesia: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck the island of Lombok north of Lelongken (07-28; 22:47), and was followed by nearly 300 aftershocks. The quake killed at least 500, injuried 330 and stranded nearly 700 tourists on Mount Rinjani as it triggered landslides that sent boulders and rocks down the mountain that cut off escape routes. More than 1,400 houses were damaged or destroyed. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake also struck north of Palue (07-28; 17:07). Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an exploive eruption with lava flows. Afghanistan: A suicide bomber in Nangarhar province targeted a tribal leader who also commanded a local militia battling militants, killing four, including the leader. A day earlier, ISIS militants attacked a midwives training center in Nangarhar, killing three and wounding seven. A day later, a suicide bomber targeted a refugee and repatriation center in the city of Jalalabad, afterwhich another two gunmen entered, setting off a six-hour gunbattle that left fifteen dead, including the attackers. Vietnam: Seasonal monsoon rains triggered widespread flooding with parts of the capital, Hanoi, being submerged. The rain triggered one bank of the Bui River to overflow, engulfing several villages. Two children and a man drowned in Chuong My district, a suburb of Hanoi. Philippines: A suicide bomber targeted a checkpoint in Colonia village, killing eleven. The ISIS group claimed responsibilty. Africa: Mali: The presidential election was marred by violence, as attacks disrupted polling in numerous areas. Rockets were fired on the UN mission camp in Aguelhok. Polling stations were burned and violence against election officials halted the vote. More than 700 polling stations could not operate. Central African Republic: A car was ambushed by ten turban-wearing men outside the town of Sibut, afterwhich the men killed three Russian journalists. North America: Mexico: Severe weather caused a passenger jet to crash just after takeoff in the state of Durango, injuring eighty-five passengers, some seriously. Popocatépetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows and sending an ash plume 6,500 feet (2,000 m) into the air and covering villages around the volcano. US: Continuous torrential downpours triggered widespread flooding throughout the Northeast and Southeast. Forecasts indicated that more of the same will continue into August. South America: Chile and Argentina: Copahue volcano underwent an eruption. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Colombia: Armed men on motorcycles targeted a billiard hall in the village of El Tarra in Catatumbo, killing at least nine. It was suspected that two feuding rebel groups, who were responsible for forcing thousands to leave the area, were behind the shooting. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Solar minimum brought extra cosmic rays, long-lasting holes on the Sun's and pink auroras.





August


4th - Last Quarter (18h 18m) MODERATE


Mideast: Yemen: The Saudi-led coalition undertook airstrikes on the rebel-held port city of Hudaydah, killing at least twenty. Europe: Various: Many countries in Europe struggled with a major heatwave. In France, four nuclear reactors were shutdown because the water used for cooling became too hot and could also cause a major fish die-off near the Rhine and the Rhone Rivers. Temperatures reached 115 F (46C) in Portugal. In Spain, three people died of heat stroke. The continent-wide heatwave was accompanied by drought and wildfires from Greece to Sweden. Russia: A helicopter crashed shortly after takeoff in Siberia, killing all eighteen on board. The helicopter had clipped another helicopter's blades. Karymsky volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent an explosve eruption with lava flows. Asia: Bangladesh: Hundreds of students protesting the traffic deaths of two fellow students were met with tear gas and batons by Dhaka police. Dozens of vehicles were either torched or vandalized in Dhaka and elsewhere. Dozens of students, journalists and police were injuried. India: The country's army fired on a funeral of a rebel in disputed Kashmir in the town of Shopian, leaving one dead and two wounded. Earlier, the rebel was killed along with four others in a gunbattle with government forces in a neighboring village. The fighting sparked protests and clashes as hundreds of residents tried to demonstrate, but were met with warning shots, shotgun pellets and tear gas that wounded at least fifteen, three critically. Afghanistan: Two suicide bmbers targeted on a Shia mosque in the city of Gardez, killing at least twenty-nine and wounding more than eighty (on the 3rd). It was not known what militant group was responsible. Myanmar: Heavy rain triggered severe flooding that killed twelve and forced nearly 150,000 to evacuate. South Korea: An all-time record high temperature swept much of the country amid a deadly heat wave. Since the start of the heat wave, at least twenty-nine people have died from heatstroke and more than 2,300 others were hospitalized with heat-related illnesses. Indonesia: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck the islands of Bali and Lombok, killing at least 259, injuring 1,500, destroying buildings and homes, and displacing more than 156,000 (08-05; 11:46). Rescue efforts were underway for thousands who became stranded, and more than 100 aftershocks shook the area after the mani quake. Africa: Somalia: Ethiopian troops clashed with a local police force in the Somali regional capital of Jigjiga. Some of the fighting led to the burning of two churches and the destruction of several dozen businesses. Casualties were not reported though there were comments that some were killed. North America: US: Severe weather derailed a freight train carrying acid in Massachusetts. Four of the six cars overturned, including one with hydrochloric acid. The College Lake Dam exceeded its capacity after heavy rains two days eariler, which then forced the evacuation of parts of Lynchburg, Virginia, as the dam may fail causing major flooding. A tornado damaged buildings and ripped down trees and powerlines in Webster, Massachusetts. In a rare event an EF-0 tornado ripped through Queens, New York. When it touched down, it downed powerlines, uprooted trees, and damaged buildings and vehicles. Heat built up over the central states, and locally severe storms ripped through the northern Plains and Upper Midwest. Relentless rain triggered floods along numerous areas across the East Coast. Thousands of dead fish washed ashore along beaches in Southwest Florida due to a Red Tide. Besides charring more than a half million arces of forests in California, a fire tornado was spawned in the Carr fire that generated wind speeds of up to 143 mph – the equivalent to an EF-3 tornado – causing massive of destruction; even lifting houses off their foundations. Canada: A tornado touched down west of Lake Manitoba on Friday night and tore at least one home off its foundation, and killed one. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Venezuela: The country's president was delivering a speech to hundreds of soldiers when drones armed with explosives detonated near him in an apparent assassination attempt. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosve eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Northeast: Hurricane Hector strengthened into a major Category 3 storm over the Pacific Ocean, but was far from land. However, it may hit the Hawian islands. Northwest: Shanshan strengthened into a typhoon and headed for Japan where it would bring heavy rains, strong winds, widespread flooding, rough surf and mudslides. Solar Activity: A weak stream of solar wind flowed from a coronal hole and could reach Earth in a few days.

7th-8th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Israel: The Israeli military struck a Hamas military post in the Gaza Strip after militant fire targeted Israeli troops, killing two militants. Israel and Palestine: Thirty-six rockets were launched from the coastal territory ruled by Hamas militants. Six Israelis were wounded, houses were destroyed, and houses and cars were pockmarked with shrapnel. Israel responded by striking twelve targets in the Gaza Strip destroying military sites. An Israeli tank fire killed two Hamas militants in Gaza. Europe: Various: Record-breaking temperatures again swept across Europe amid wildfires. The wildfire in southern Portugal flared up again. France was still in the midst of a heat wave, with a local newspaper calling it "Terrible Tuesday". More than 2,000 were evacuated in the Valencia region of Spain due to almost a dozen separate wildfires that left seven dead. In the Netherlands famous canals and dams were so low that seawater began seeping into waterways. Thousands of fish died in Swiss sections of the Rhine River due to the heat starving the water of oxygen. Similar stories could be found all over Europe. Italy: A huge landslide swept away several cars along a road, killing a couple trapped inside one car. Authorities were evacuating people stranded overnight in Ferret Valley near the town of Courmayeur that was hit by an enormous landslide. A tanker truck and a big rig collided on a highway on the outskirts of Bologna, causing a major fire and explosion that killed two and injuried more than sixty. Asia: Afghanistan: A number of Taliban attacks left twelve dead, including four women who died in the crossfire of a shootout between militants and soldiers. One attack targeted a military checkpoint in Farah province, killing four and wounding six soldiers. NATO airstrikes killed nineteen Taliban fighters and wounded thirty. In Logar province, four women were killed and four children were wounded in crossfire during a shootout near Puli Alim. In another attack in Logar, in the Azrah district, the Taliban targeted police checkpoints that set off heavy fighting, leaving about thirty Taliban dead. NATO carried out an airstrike in the area, but it mistakenly killed nine police and wounded another fourteen. Africa: Nigeria: Lawmakers were temporarily blocked from entering parliament in Abuja by armed men, some of whom wore masks. North America: US: A pair of fires - the Ranch Fire and the River Fire - called the Mendocino Complex emerged into the largest fire in modern California state history. The fire had already consumed nearly a thousand square miles, forced tens of thousands from their homes, and destroyed numerous homes and vehicles. A fire tornado, equivalent to a EF-4 tornado, lifted houses off their foundations. The fire in the Stanislaus National Forest also grew and has so far destroyed 235 structures. In a seperate incident, softball-sized hailstones hit a zoo in Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing two animals and injuring fourteen people. Nearly 400 cars in the zoo's parking lot were severely damaged. Damage was also done to buildings and vehicles around the city. An EF1 tornado touched down in Warsaw, Indiana. Thunderstorms swept through the New York City area were ightning struck and seriously injured three men. Thousands of dead fish washed ashore along beaches in southwest Florida due to a red tide produced by an algae bloom. Mexico: A strengthening Hurricane John merged with Tropical Storm Ileana off Mexico's Pacific Coast. It brought, heavy rainfall, flooding and rough surf to parts of the Baja California Peninsula. Pacific: Farther out in the Pacific was Tropical Storm Kristy that could become a hurricane. North: Hurricane Hector strengthened into a Category 4 storm and continued its steady trek over the Pacific Ocean south of Hawaii. It was expected to bring at least rough surf to Hawaii. Northwest: Typhoon Shanshan strengthened and began to approach Japan and could make landfall near Tokyo. Rough seas and surf were already affecting the eastern coastline and it was expected to bring damaging winds, flooding rains and mudslides. Atlantic: North: Subtropical Storm Debby formed far out over the North Atlantic. Solar Activity: Solar minimum returned, bringing extra cosmic rays, long-lasting holes on the Sun and pink auroras.

11th - New Moon (09h 58m) LOW


Mideast: Jordan: Security forces stormed a hideout of suspected militants. Unknown to them the place was rigged with explosives, killing three of the security forces. Egypt: A suicide bomber attempted to attack a Coptic Christian church north of Cairo but blew himself up before entering the church. Iran: Fighting brokeout between Iran's Revolutionary Guard and militants near the Kurdish town of Oshnavieh, leaving at least ten militants dead. Syria: Government forces undertook multiple airstrikes across Idlib, Aleppo and Hama provinces, killing at least twenty-two. If war again breaks out more than one million children would be at risk. Yemen: A Saudi-led airstrike hit a bus in Dahyan in the rebel-held province of Saada, killing fifty-one, forty of which were children, and wounded seventy-nine. Europe: Romania: Tens of thousands of Romanians held an anti-government protest in Bucharest, the capital. The night before the protest wounded seventy, including eleven riot police that had to be taken to the hospital. Another 455 were also wounded but were treated at the scene. Protesters were asked to leave but did not, when riot police fired tear gas and water cannons as some protesters threw rocks, bottles and smoke bombs at riot police. France: Heavy floodsing in the south forced the evacuation of 1,600 people, most of them campers. Asia: Afghanistan: Afghan forces battled the Taliban in parts of Ghazni city, killing at least twenty-five security forces. More than 150 of the insurgents were killed or wounded. The Taliban claimed to have seized parts of the city and killed local officials. Pakistan: A suicide bomber wounded three engineers and three paramilitary guards. In a separate incident, gunmen killed three police in an overnight attack. China: Tropical Storm Yagi and another tropical system may cross paths in parts of the south and east of the country, bringing flooding, mudslides, landslides and damaging or destroying property. Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: Suspected rebels attacked Beni city, killing eleven. The attacke sent residents feeing, complicating efforts to combat an outbreak of Ebola that killed eleven people so far. North America: Canada: Police were called about shots fired at an apartment complex and saw two deceased civilians before they too were shot and killed. A suspect was arrested. US: A fast-moving wildfire in Southern California around Lake Elsinore in Orange County threatened homes and forced 21,000 to evacuate. High temperatures, gusty winds and tinder dry brush fuelled the disaster. Heavy rain and flash floods in eastern Ohio caused roads to be inundated, forced evacuations, and damaged property. South America: Ecuador: Sangay volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southeast: Yasur volcano on Tanna Island, Vanuatu underwent an eruption with strombolian activity. Solar Activity: The solar wind was flowing from a coronal hole.

14th-15th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Yemen: Fighting broke out between two pro-government factions in the city of Taiz, leaving eighteen dead on both sides. Europe: Italy: A section of the Morandi Bridge in Genoa collapsed, plunging thirty vehicles nearly 150 feet (46 m) to the ground, killing at least forty-three and injuring fifteen. The cause was not yet known, but there was a severe thnderstorm at the time. UK: A man drove into a group of cyclists and crashed into the barriers outside the British Parliament in Westminster, injuring three. Officials were considering the deliberate act to be terrorism. Sweden: About eighty vehicles were set on fire and were badly damaged by gangs, mostly in the city of Gothenburg, but also some in the cities of Trollhattan and Falkenberg. Officials called it a coordinated effort like that of a military operation. Asia: Afghanistan: A US Army soldier was on combat patrol in Helmand Province when he was killed by a roadside bomb. The following day, a suicide bomber targeted an education center for Shiite students in Kabul, killing at least forty-eight and wounding sixty-seven. China: A moderate 5.0 magnitude earthquake struck Tonghai County in the city of Yuxi, damaging over 6,000 homes and injuring at least twenty-four. The quake affected more than 48,000 residents in the counties of Tonghai and Huaning, and the district of Jiangchuan. Japan and South Korea: Tropical Storm Leepi took aim at southern Japan and South Korea, bringing heavy rains, widespread flooding, mudslides and damaging winds. China and Vietnam: Tropical Storm Bebinca strengthened as it took aim at China and Vietnam, bringing heavy rains, widespread flooding, overflowing rivers, mudslides, landslides and damaging winds. India: The water level on the river in Shivpuri in Madhya Pradesh state rose suddenly because of monsoon rains, sweeping away eleven people while picnicking at a waterfall. Seven others were rescued by helicopter, and another thirty remained trapped on rocks near the waterfall. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Sudan: A boat sank while crossing the Nile River when it was at flood stage from monsoon rains, causing at least twenty-two people to drown, most of which were female school children. North America: US: A natural gas explosion took place at an apartment complex in Denver, Colorado, leaving ten injuried; one severely. Not all residents had yet been accounted for. A 6.4 magnitude earthquake (08-12; 14:58) was followed by a 6.0 magnitude aftershock (08-12; 21:15) southwest of Kaktovik, Alaska. A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck south of Tanaga Volcano, Alaska (08-15; 21:56). Heavy downpours brought widespread flooding thourghout the Northeast. The floodwaters carried vehicles down streets that became rivers, houses were quickly flooded with some people being rescued from rooftops as rivers began to overflow. It was the type of rainfall that can be unleashed by a tropical storm or hurricane, but it was neither. Numerous rainfall records were broken, while the rains continued to fall. In New York over a dozen counties in upstate were under a state of emergency due to severe flash floods. Many roads were blocked off due to flooding around Elmira, Canada: The province of British Columbia declared a state of emergency because of hundreds of wildfires burning across the Pacific Coast. There were 566 wildfires burning across British Columbia, forcing the evacuation of more than 1,500 properties and about 3,000 people. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Ecuador: A bus' brakes failed, it then hit another vehicle at high speed and rolled over four times, killing at least twenty-four and injuring twenty-two. The bus also severely damaged several houses along a highway near Quito. Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile: A fire swept through Santa Marta nursing home in Chiguayante, killing ten. The cause was not known. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: Southwest: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands (08-14; 03:29). North Central: Subtropical Storm Ernesto developed and strengthened, but posed no threat to land. Solar Activity: A new sunspot group began growing on the Sun's southern hemisphere, and solar wind flowing from a coronal hole could reach Earth in a day or two.

18th - First Quarter (07h 49m) LOW


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Two Palestinians were killed by Israeli fire and another two hundred were wounded during violent protests. Protesters threw rocks and gasoline bombs at Israeli troops who responded with with tear gas and live gunfire. Israel's defense minister ordered that the the crossing with Gaza be closed in response to the recent violence. Europe: Romania: Hundreds of protesters demonstrated against government corruption, when riot police fired tear gas and water cannons at the protesters, leaving 450 people injured. Asia: Indonesia: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck Lombok island (08-19; 14:56), south of Belanting, and was folowed by a 6.3 magnitude aftershock (08-19; 04:10), northeast of Sembalunlawang. The quakes triggered power blackouts and landslides, and more than 100 houses near the epicenter were severely damaged. At least ninety-one were killed and hundreds were injuried. Earlier, a 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck north of Kampungbajo (08-17; 15:35). India: The worst flooding in a century engulfed Kerala state, killing more than 350, injuring hundreds and displacing more than 800,000. It triggered landslides, submerged homes and vehicles, and caused homes and bridges to collapse across Kerala. Thousands of rescuers searched for stranded people, as more rain was forecast. India and Pakistan: Indian troops killed a Pakistani villager and wounded two others in an unprovoked shooting in the Himalayan region of Kashmir. Africa: Uganda: Riots erupted over the arrests of opposition politicians, leaving one protester dead. Five other protesters were injured when police tried to disperse a group who had barricaded a road in Mityana. North America: US: Heavy downpours and severe thunderstorms swept the north central states from South Dakota to Iowa. The storms triggered flash floods, hail, strong damaging winds and tornadoes. Severe thunderstorms in Oklahoma caused a structure to collapse at a Backstreet Boys and 98 Degrees concert, injuring fourteen. The storm system then moved south and then to the east as it strengthened. Central America: Costa Rica: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck north of Golfito (08-17; 23:22). South America: Brazil and Venezuela: Brazil planned to send troops to the border town of Pacaraima after residents there attacked Venezuelan migrants. Venezuela's economic and political turmoil has driven tens of thousands to cross into Brazil. Violence erupted after a local storeowner was robbed, stabbed and beaten in an assault blamed on four migrants. Groups of angry residents then roamed the town hurling rocks at the immigrants and setting fire to their belongings. Pacific: South: A powerful 8.2 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of Ndoi Island, Fiji (08-19; 00:19). It was followed by aftershocks of a 6.8 magnitude (08-19 04:28) east of Lambasa, Fiji, and a 6.3 magnitude (08-19; 00:23) north of Ndoi Island, Fiji. Northwest: Strengthening Typhoon Soulik took aim at southern Japan and South Korea. Residents were urged to review their evacuation plans. Meanwhile, Severe Tropical Storm Cimaron also strengthened and threatens the same region after Soulik passes. North Central: Major Hurricane Lane strengthened into a Category 4 hurricane headed for Hawaii and will at least produce very rough seas there. It appeared that it would weaken into a Category 1 hurricane at that time. Solar Activity: A large coronal hole on the Sun turned toward Earth, spewing a stream of high-speed solar wind that will hit Earth in a few days.

21th-22th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Yemen: Airstrikes targeted a camp for internally displaced people Hodeidah left at least twenty-two children and four women dead. Europe: Russia: ISIS claimed responsibility for attacks in three locations of the Chechen police in the Northern Caucasus in the predominantly Muslim Chechnya. Five of the militants were killed and several policemen were wounded. Italy: A torrent about 8 feet (2.5 M) deep filled the narrow Raganello Gorge, sweeping away dozens of people, killing ten and sending eleven to the hospital. Twenty-three people were rescued, and rescue efforts continued to look for others. Spain: About 600 migrants stormed fences separating Spain's North African enclave of Ceuta from Morocco, some using acid and quicklime to disable the border police defenses; 116 of them made it onto European soil. Asia: Afghanistan: Rockets slammed into the capital of Kabul, hitting near the presidential palace, near a NATO compound and the US Embassy. Afghan helicopters bombed the house from which the rockets were launched, killing two miltants. The attack came at a time of a wave of deadly violence across the country. ISIS claimed respnosibiity, but some suspected the Taliban. Pakistan: Rough waters in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Baluchistan province caused a ship to sink, killing at least two. Five others were missing and were likely also drowned. India: A residential building in Mumbai - the 17-story Crystal Tower building - caught fire on the 12th floor, killing four and injuring twenty-two others, including two firefighters. Japan: Sakurajima volcano nn the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. After Typhoon Soulik swept the island nation, Typhoon Cimaron threatened mainland with damaging winds and flooding rainfall, as well. Africa: Somalia: The US military carried out an airstrike against al-Shabab militants, killing two. Ethiopia: Heavy rains hit several parts of the country, killing at least eight. More than twenty were rescued after raging waters marooned their homes. Thousands more were displaced by the flooding. Mudslides also swept the northwestern, eastern and southern parts of the country. North America: US: Wisconsin was battered by record-breaking heavy rainfall, inundating roads and forcing the evacuations of the towns of Black Earth, Cross Plains and Mazomanie. One person was swept away after his car stalled in deep water. Dozens of people were trapped in their cars as the rain came down quickly. The lower Great Lakes region was also being hit with heavy rains, flooding, damaging winds and tornadoes. An unusually potent storm for late August, its gusty winds also brought rough waters around the Great Lakes region that contibuted to the flooding. The storm system was headed for the East and would become more severe. South America: Venezuela: A powerful 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck near Caracas, north of Yaguaraparo (08-21; 21:31), forcing people to evacuate buildings as numerous buildings were damaged. The quake was felt as far away as Bogota, Colombia, and caused tremors in the neighboring countries of Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, and Guyana. The next day, a 5.8 magnitude aftershock struck the same area. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck east of Lakatoro, Vanuatu (08-21; 22:32). Ring of Fire: Sixty-nine earthquakes, including sixteen that registered a magnitude of 4.5 or greater, hit the area known as the "Ring of Fire"; an area that basically circles the Pacific Ocean. North Central: Hurricane Lane headed towards Hawaii as a Category 4 storm with sustained winds of 155 mph (250 kph). Hurricane warnings were in effect for Hawaii's Big Island and the island of Maui, as a state of emergency was declared. Northeast: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck 165 miles (265 km) off the coast of Bandon, Oregon (08-22; 09:31). Solar Activity: A coronal hole on the Sun sent a stream of high-speed solar wind that sparking bright auroras around the Arctic Circle. The next day, a broad and slow-moving coronal mass ejection took place from an unknown location on the Sun.

26th - Full Moon (11h 56m) MODERATE


Mideast: Iran: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake and three aftershocks struck Kermanshah province, southwest of Javanrud, killing at least two and injuring 310 (08-25; 22:13:). Europe: Germany: A clash took place between several people of "various nationalities" in the city of Chemnitz, killing one and injuring two. A demonstration of about 800 people followed during which bottles were thrown at officers and more officers were brought in form other cities. About 18,500 people were evacuated from the city of Ludwigshafen in order to defuse and dispose of a World War Two bomb that was recently discovered. UK: A ship sunk off the coast of Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, in rough seas, afterwhich three crew members in a life raft were rescued and two were found dead near the vessel's wreackage. Asia: China: A fire broke out at a four-story hotel in Harbin's Sun Island, killing nineteen and injuring twenty-three. Afghanistan: A coalition-force airstrike operation was undertaken in the province of Nangarhar, near the border with Pakistan, killing eleven ISIS miltants, including an ISIS leader. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Taiwan: Prolonged flooding and evacuations were triggered by bouts of feet of torrential rain that continued to stream in on a nearly daily basis. Major flooding, mudslides and landslides destroyed homes, roads and bridges, and forced thousands to evacuate. Five cargo ships and oil tankers ran aground off Kaohsiung Harbor amid rough seas. North America: US: A gunman opened fire at an entertainment complex in Jacksonville, Florida, killing two and wounding eleven. The gunman then shot himself to death. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of Amukta Island, Alaska (08-25; 16:50). Severe thunderstorms swept the region from North Dakota to Wisconsin and western Michigan, bringing damaging winds, hail, flooding and tornadoes. The severe weather would continue for another two days. Pacific: North Central: Hawaii faced more downpours, intensifing flooding despite Hurricane Lane's departure. The rains worsened ongoing flooding and triggered new mudslides, further threatening lives and property. More roads and bridges were damaged, cutting off some areas from receiving disaster aid. Feet of rain and gusty winds created catastrophic flooding and left thousands without power. More than 60 inches (1,524 mm) of rain fell on the steep terrain of the Big Island alone, leading to life-threatening and catastrophic flooding and debris flows. Lane and the continuing rainfall could potentially cause in excess of $10 billion in damages. South America: Peru: A powerful 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck west of Iberia (08-24; 09:04). Solar Activity: A new large sunspot AR2720 emerged and strangely has its magnetic polarity reversed. This could mean that a slow transition between Solar Cycle 24 and Solar Cycle 25 is underway. Since it was solar minimum it was also surprising that a strong G3-class geomagnetic storm was triggered. The aurora that was also triggered could be seen as far south as New York, Montana, Michigan, and Indiana.

29th-30th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Iran: A suicide car-bomber targeted a checkpoint in the Qaim district, killing eight and wounding twelve. Syria: The UN envoy for Syria warned that civilians in the rebel-held region of Idlib should evacuate, fearing a new military offensive. This could have a devastating impact on nearly three million people. Israel's fighter jets struck Iranian targets in Syria after a failed Iranian attack on Israel. Two apartment buildings were destroyed in a rebel-held area in the town of Sarmada when a weapons depot in the basement exploded, killing sixty-nine and wounding thirty-seven. Europe: Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Germany: Violent far-right protests erupted in the town of Chemnitz, Saxony, sparked by rumors, false information and anti-foreigner perspectives. Afterwhich, counter-demonstrations in other cities, such as Berlin, emerged protesting far-right violence. Asia: Indian-held Kashmir: Rebels against Indian rule ambushed a group of police, killing four. In a separate incident, Kashmiri rebels engaged in a gunfight with government forces, leaving two rebels dead and triggering clashes that left at least forty wounded. Pakistan: Thousands of muslims marched toward the capital in protest of a far-right Dutch lawmaker's plans to hold a Prophet Muhammad cartoon contest. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. A 6,2 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Kupang (08-28; 07:08). Myanmar: Heavy rains triggered a dam breach that flooded towns and villages, causing the closure of a major highway, and forced the evacuation of more than 50,000 people. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. India: Torrential rain swept across central India triggering widespread flooding, and it also shifted east to engulf parts of the northeast. Africa: Kenya: A roadside bomb blew up a vehicle carrying Kenyan soliders along the Kiunga-Sankuri road in Lamu County, killing five and wounding ten soldiers. Egypt: Twenty militants were killed along the border with Libya. Afterwhich the army seized weapons and explosives. In a separate incident, thirteen jihadists were killed in a gun battle in Sanai, and eighteen were arrested. Ethiopia: A military helicopter crashed near the capital, Addis Ababa, killing all eighteen on board; the cause was not yet known. South Africa: Violent attacks and looting on foreign nationals and their shops spread in the township of Soweto. There were fears that the violence could escalate. Some of the forigners evacuated the area. Libya: Clashes in southern Tripoli left five dead and thirty-three wounded. The militias then agreed to a new ceasefire after three days of clashes. North America: US: Severe thunderstorms swept across parts of the Midwest, bringing another round of damaging winds, flooding downpours, tornadoes, power outages to 100,000 residents, and damaged or destroyed houses. The violent storms then shifted into the eastern Great Lakes and Ohio Valley areas, bringing flooding downpours and damaging winds. South America: Ecuador: Sangay volcano underwent an explosive eruption with some strombolian activity. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: A powerful 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck west of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia (08-29; 03:51). Norteast: A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck east of Anatahan, Northern Mariana Islands (08-28; 22:35). Northwest: Typhoon Jebi began strengthening and heading for Japan. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection was hurled towards Earth and reached the Earth on the 30th, triggering geomagnetic storms and auroras. It was unexpected because it was solar minimum.





September


3rd - Last Quarter (2hr 37m) HIGH


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Israeli military troops killed a Palestinian man who approached an army checkpoint in the West Bank with a knife. Libya: About 400 prisoners escaped from a jail in Tripoli, forcing the declaration of a state of emergency. The prisoners overwhelmed guards and forced open the doors at the Ain Zara prison after riots broke out between rival militlias in the jail. In a separate incdent, rockets hit a camp in Tripoli housing hundreds of displaced people, killing two and wounding several. Iraq: Thousands took to the streets, protesting corruption and the lack of services. The situation turned violent, leaving several dead or wounded. Europe: Germany: About 65,000 attended a concert against the far right after a van plowed into a pedestrian promenade in the city of Chemnitz a few days earlier, killing two and wounding dozens. In Hamburg, the G-20 summit protests erupted in violence injuring nearly sixty policemen. The police used water canons and tear gas on protesters that destroyed vehicles and set fires. Asia: Afghanistan: An insider attack by an Afgan soldier left one US soldier dead and one wounded. Indonesia: Semeru volcano on the island of East Java underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows, and pyroclastic flows. Japan: Typhoon Jebi threatened lives and property with damaging winds, heavy rain, widespread flooding, mudslides and a damaging storm surge. Jebi was expected to ravage Japan for another two days. China: Torrential rains triggered flooding, forcing major evacuations of 127,000 people in Guangdong province. About 1.2 million people were affected. India: The North East region was plagued by river flooding following heavy rain that inundated China. China alerted India that the swollen Yarlung Tsangpo River could flood more communities in Arunachal Pradesh as runoff from torrential rain in Tibet drains downstream. The flooding in Assam left fifty dead and affected 12,000. Africa: South Africa: An explosion at the Rheinmetall Denel Munition depot near Cape Town killed at least eight; though several people were missing. The cause was not yet known. Nigeria: Communal violent acts took place in Lopandet Dwei Du village just outside Jos, the capital of Plateau state, killing eleven and wounding eleven (late on the 2nd). Somalia: A suicide bomber targeted a government office in Mogadishu, causing a nearby school to collapse, and killing three soldiers and wounding fourteen civilians. The explosion also damaged nearby houses and blew the roof off a mosque. The militant group al-Shabab claimed responsiblity. North America: US: Tropical Storm Gordon was headed to make landfall as a strong tropical storm or Category 1 hurricane over the central Gulf coast. It first hit Florida and then the Gulf Coast states. In a separate incident, heavy rains triggered major flooding in Galveston, Texas, leaving roads, vehicles and bulidings underwater. South America: Brazil: A massive fire destroyed an entire collection of more than twenty-million historical pieces and dinosaur remains at the National Museum in Rio de Janeiro. The cause was unknown. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: North Central: Hurricane Norman churned up the Pacific waters as it headed for Hawaii. It was expected to at least bring rough seas to Hawaii. Right behind Norman was strengthening Tropical Storm Olivia which was expected to curve to the northwest missing Hawaii, but would also bring rough seas there later in the week. Atlantic: East Central: Tropical Storm Florence strengthened and may hit Bermuda later in the week. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection sent a massive solar wind towards Earth, and woud trigger geomagnetic storms and auroras in the following days.

6th-7th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Saudi Arabia: A missile was fired across the border by Yemen's Houthi rebels, but was shot down, with the shrapnel wounding twenty-six civilians. In a separate incident, an attack helicopter chrashed at Khashm Al-An Airport, killing an American trainer and injuried a Saudi trainee. Iraq: Thousands again took to the streets, protesting corruption and the lack of services. Protesters stormed and set fire to a provincial government building, and other key buildings, in the city of Basra. Security forces killed three of the protesters. It was the fourth straight night of violent protests (beginning on the previous lunar phase), and at least eleven were killed during that time. The next day, angry protesters stormed the Iranian consulate in the city of Basra and set it on fire. Syria: A "massive wave of civilians" were fleeing Idlib province where a huge battle was about to be enganged. Some vilages were completely abandoned. Most fled north to Turkey. Israel and Palestine: Another border protest in Gaza was met with Israeliu fire, leaving a teenager dead and forty-five wounded. Palestinians threw gasoline bombs and rolled burning tires at the soldiers. Iran: The country's Revolutionary Guard killed six Kurdish militants and wounded several others in western Iran near the border with Iraq. The assault as "revenge" for a July 20th attack that left at least ten Iranian border guards dead. Asia: Japan: A powerful 6.7 magnitude earthquakes struck the northern island of Hokkaido, east of Tomakomai, triggering landslides that destroyed houses, killing at least forty-one (09-05; 18:07). About forty people were missing. It also caaused a power outage to about three million homes after a thermal power plant was damaged. Heavy rain was in the forecast, which may hinder and delay some rescue and recovery efforts, especially since it would trigger flooding and mudslides. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Semeru volcano on the island of East Java underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: South Africa: A high-rise building in Johannesburg caught on fire, killing three firefighters and injuring thirteen residents. It appeared that the fire was spreading. Nigeria: ISIS miltants carried out an attack in the town of Gudumbali, and battled with government troops for hours. Caualties were not reported. North America: US: More rain triggered flooding in Madison, Wisconsin, which has not fully recovered from the previous rain and flooding. A powerful hailstorm brought flooding to Denver, Colorado, and swept cars away. A new wildfire - the Delta Fire - exploded in size near Lakehead, California, forcing the closure of Interstate 5 and prompted evacuations on both sides of the highway. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: A 6.2 magntude earthquake struck south of Alausi (09-07; 02:12). Pacific: Southeast: A very powerful 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck east of Suva, Fiji (09-06; 15:49). North Central: Hurricane Olivia developed and has the potential to head very close to Hawaii as a hurricane or strong tropical storm. Atlantic: West Central: Florence had strengthened into at least a Category 3 hurricane and headed for Bermuda and the East Coast of the US. It was likely to strengthen as it passes over warm waters next week. Another two new tropical storms began to develop and one of them may threaten some of the islands in the Caribbean in the near future. Solar Activity: Auroras and geomagnetic storms were triggered by an effect of the approaching equinox. In addition, two solar wind streams from a coronal mass ejection were approaching Earth triggering more auroras and geomagnetic storms. One stream would hit in a few days.

9th - New Moon (18h 01m) HIGH


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Thousands of Palestinians gathered on a beach in a protest, and set tires on fire on rafts. On land the protesters threw an explosive device and rolled burning tires at soldiers. Israeli soldiers opened fire on the protesters wounding at least ten. Libya: Gunmen stormed the Tripoli headquarters of the National Oil Corporation clashing with security forces, leaving two militants and two security forces dead, and wounding many. Syria: Syria and Russia forces carried out the most intensive airstrikes in weeks on rebel positions in the provinces of Idlib and Hama. Europe: France: A knife-wielding man stabbed seven people, injuring four seriously, in an attack on tourists in Paris. Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban militants undertook separate attacks on Afghan security forces in the country's north, killing at least fifty-two and wounding at least fifty-four. Dozens of Taliban militants were also killed. Taiwan: A tropical depression near southern Taiwan brought flooding downpours. Following close behind was Typhoon Mangkhut which had strengthened into an equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane, which would make it a super typhoon. More flooding and damaging winds would follow. Africa: Nigeria: A gas depot exploded in Lafia, the capital of Nasarawa state, killing eighteen, injuring at least forty, and set on fire more than a dozen occupied vehicles. Egypt: Security forces clashed with militants in the city of al-Arish in North Sinai, leaving eleven of the militants dead. Somalia: A car bomber targeted a government building in Mogadishu, killing five and wounding many. Madagascar: A stadium where a soccer game between Madagascar and Senegal was taking place was mared when people stampeded into the stadium thorough the only entrance, killing one and injuring about forty. North America: US: Evacuations were taking place as the East Coast braced for Hurricane Florence. In South Carolina the governor ordered the evacuation of its entire coastline, while North Carolina and Virginia declared states of emergency. Atlantic: West Central: Hurricane Florence strengthened into a powerful Category 4 hurricane with 140 mph (225 kph) winds, and gaining strength as it headed for Bermuda and the East Coast of the US where it will likely make landfall. Hurricane Isaac strengthened heading westward, and would bring strong winds and heavy rain to the Lesser Antilles in the Carribean. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck southwest of L'Esperance Rock, New Zealand (09-10; 04:19). Southeast: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Kirakira, Solomon Islands (09-09; 19:31). A 6.3 magnitued earthquake struck west of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia (09-10; 19:31). Solar Activity: G1-class geomagnetic storms and bright auroras developed around the Arctic Circle as Earth entered a fast-moving stream of solar wind.

12th-13th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Syrian, Russian and Iranian airstrikes on the province of Idlib destroyed homes, hospitals, schools and roads, and forced more than 30,000 to flee. It was expected that many more of the million residents would flee, triggering a huge humanitarian crisis. Libya: The Mitiga International Airport was attacked by rocket fire, forcing the divertion of numerous flights. There were no immediate reports of damage or casualties. The airport had just reopened after clashes between rival militias had forced its closure. Yemen: Heavy fighting raged in the city of Hodeida where government forces - backed by a Saudi-led coalition - were again trying to retake the city from the rebel Houthis. More civilians were killed. Europe: Russia: Sarychev Peak volcano on the Kuril Islands underwent an explosive eruption. Greece: A cliff face collapsed at Navagio beach on the Greek island of Zakynthos, injuring seven. Asia: Afghanistan: A series of bombings in the province of Nangarhar targeted civilians and schools, killing at least sixty-eight and wounding 165. No group claimed responsibilty. The next day, Taliban fighters attacked the army base in Pusht Road district, leaving at least ten soldiers, two policemen, and twenty-two Taliban dead. The Taliban also attacked a police security post in Bala Buluk district of Farah province, killing three policemen A car bomber targeted an area in Lashkar Gah, the capital of Helmand province, wounding two civilians. China: An SUV plowed into a crowd at a public square in Hengdong county in Hunan Province, killing at least nine and injuring forty-six. Philippines and Taiwan: The most powerful typhoon to threaten the two countries this year, forced evacuations and closures of schools and offices, while farmers harvested their crops to reduce losses. Typhoon Mangkhut - a super typhoon, equivalent to a Category 5 hurricane - would bring destructive winds of at least 180 mph (285 kph), as well as, torrential rains that triggered landslides and widespread flooding. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. China and Vietnam: The two countries were hit with Tropical Storm Barijat, bringing widespread flooding, destructive winds and a large storm surge. Pakistan: The military raided a militant hideout in the North Waziristan region, triggering a shootout that left three soldiers and four militants dead. Africa: Sudan: Heavy rainfall triggered a hillside collapse sending a mudslide onto a village in the Darfur region in a remote area in Jebel Mara, killing more than fifty and destroying numerous homes. Nigeria: Gunmen opened fire on a crowd in a movie theater in the village of Badarawa, killing eleven and wounding more than twenty. In a separate incident, Boko Haram militants attacked a military base in the town of Damasak in Borno state, setting off an hours long battle; casualties were not reported. It was the third attack on the army in a week. North America: US: Hurricane Florence made landfall on the East Coast as it slowed down through North Carolina and South Carolina, bringing torrential rains, "catastrophic" widespread flooding, destructive winds and a huge storm surge. Rains dumped 20 to 40 inches in some areas and tens of thousands were already without powere. Florence would batter the region for at least four days. More than ten million people were under storm watches and warnings. More than 1,000 flights were canceled and nearly a dozen airports were shut down. Meanwhile, a new tropical threat emerged in the western Gulf of Mexico and was expected to cause widespread flooding in Texas in aa few days. Flooding downpours had already hit central and coastal Texas since last week. In Massachusetts, "suspected gas explosions" battered several communities outside of Boston. At least between 60 to 100 homes in the Merrimack Valley caught fire in the towns of Andover, Lawrence and North Andover. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: Tropical Storm Isaac plowed westward, bringing strong winds and flooding rain to the Lesser Antilles. It then continued westward heading for Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. Solar Activity: A solar wind stream emerged from a coronal hole and was on the way toward Earth and would arrive in a few days.

16th - First Quarter (23h 15 m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Syria: The rebels readied their defense of Idlib to make their last stand against Russian- and Iranian-backed government troops. Idlib has three million residents and more than 60,000 fighters and a humanitarian crisis was inevitable if a diplomatic end to the fighting could not be reached. Yemen: A suspected airstrike by a Saudi-led coalition fighting the Houthi rebels hit a local radio station in the province of Hodeida, killing at least four. Europe: Macedonia: Thousands of people marched in nation's capital, wanting an agreement with Greece to rename the nation "North Macedonia." Russia: Klyuchevsky volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Asia: Philippines: Typhoon Mangkhut, 2018's strongest storm, brought extremely strong winds of 180 mph (290 kph) and torrential rain to the north. The rain triggered landslides that killed at least sixty-four. It brought damaging rough seas as it moved across Luzon. Hard-hit areas in Cagayan province had countless downed trees, power outages, blown out buildings and roadways filled with debris. The damages were estimated to exceed $622 million in the Phillipines alone. At leat forty pople, mostly gold miners, were trapped by a landslide in the north. It then headed for another landfall over southeastern China. China: Typhoon Mangkhut slammed into Guangdong province, killing at least two and injuried at least fifteen. The typhoon triggered storm surges as high as ten feet (3 m), causing widespread flooding. More than 2.4 million people were forced to evacuate in Guangdong. Pakistan: Heavy rain in Hangu triggered widespread flooding and collapsed a roof on a house, killing four and injuring one. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Krakatau volcano on the Sunda Strait underwent an explosive eruption with frequent strombolian activity. Africa: Ethiopia: Ethnic-based attacks in the outskirts of capital, Addis Ababa, killed several people, damaged properties and caused hundreds to flee their homes. Seventy suspects were arrested. North America: US: Florence's relentless rainfall and historic flooding became worse as it lingered over the East Coast for the third day. So far, thirty-two people were killed, more than 900 water rescues were undertaken and hundreds were still stranded by massive, widespred flooding. In North Carolina a slope collapsed at a coal ash landfill, allowing pollutants, such as heavy metals, to enter the water adding to the already polluted water. More rain was forecast for at least another two days. Numerous roads and highways were closed, power outages were widespread, and houses and vehicles were submerged. Tornadoes were also spawned and responsible for some of the deaths and destruction. About 40,000 vehicles were damaged or destroyed. The flood disaster was expected to last for at least two weeks in the Carolinas. Mexico: Independence Day celebrations were marred by men dressed as mariachi musicians who shot and killed five and wounded eight in Garibaldi Plaza. Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Sangay volcano underwent an explosive erution with strombolian activity. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck south of the Fiji Islands (09-16; 21:11:). Atlantic: West Central: Isaac, no longer a hurricane in the Caribbean Sea, appeared that it may restrengthen into a tropical depression or storm before reaching the Gulf of Mexico. Solar Activity: A coronal hole on the Sun was facing Earth and spewing a stream of solar wind. It would spark auroras and geomagnetic storms within a day.

19th-22th - Mid-Phase and the Equinox 22nd MAXIMUM


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Palestinians protested at a perimeter fence between Israel and Gaza. Hamas also intensified demonstrations at the border after an Egyptian-led cease-fire talk stalled. Yemen: Rising food prices, a weakening currency and fighting in the port city of Hudaydah has put a total of 5.2 million children in jeopardy of famine, says Save the Children. Iran: Militants disguised as soldiers opened fire on the annual Iranian military parade in Ahvaz, killing at least twenty-five and wounding more than sixty. Europe: UK: Heavy rain and winds of over 60 miles per hour (97 kph), from Storm Ali, swept Ireland and parts of Scotland and England; in some places the winds reached 100 mph (161 kph). Two people were killed and dozens were injuried. The gusts were so strong that a woman died after a trailer she was sleeping in was blown off a cliff. About 275,000 homes and thousands of businesses were without power. Train, road and ferry traffic across Scotland were halted. Big rig trucks were blown onto their sides, trees were uprooted, powerlines were downed and buildings were damaged or destroyed. The next day, Storm Bronagh brought more heavy rain, strong winds with gusts up to 61 mph (98 kph), and widespread flooding to parts of the UK. There were at least thirty flood alerts and four warnings. Netherlands: A train chrashed into an electric cargo bike, killing four young children and critically injuring two others. Asia: Indian-controlled Kashmir: Police, fearing anti-India protests, fired tear gas and used batons to break up religious processions marking the Muslim month of Muharram. Indonesia: Semeru volcano on the island of East Java underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity, and lava and pyroclastic flows. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu uderwent an explosive eruption. Philippines: Heavy rain triggered a landslide in Sitio Sindulan, Barangay Tinaan in Naga City, buring more than a dozen homes and killing at least twenty-nine. At least sixty-four people were still missing as rescue efforts got ubderway. Pakistan: Gunmen attacked the base camp of a pro-government militia in the Dasht-e-Goran area of Baluchistan, killing four. India: Supporters of a politician who was slain by Maoist rebels attacked two police stations in anger over the killing, setting one on fire and vandalizing the other, and injuring two policemen. Afghanistan: Taliban planted a mine in Faryab provincen the Shirin Tagab district near a police station that exploded, killing at least eight children and wounding six. Japan and Taiwan: Typhoon Trami strengthened into a typhoon heading for the two countries and was expected to make landfall later in the week. Africa: Somalia: An airstrike hit a training school and a nearby hospital in Sakow, a town in Middle Jubba region, killing and wounding several al-Shabab militants and civilians. Democratic Republic of the Congo: A passenger boat capsized along Congo's Mongala River, causing the drowning dead of twenty-seven passengers. Tanzania: A passenger ferry capsized on Lake Victoria, drowning at least 224. Nigeria: As a result of recent flooding, the country's Center for Disease Control (CDC) issued a warning for a number of water-borne diseases. This warning comes after more than 100 died and thousands of homes were destroyed in flooding over the last two weeks. Boko Haram fighters raided Kalari and nearby Amarwa villages in Borno state, killing at least nine, while many of the villagers fled into the bush. In a separate incident, a Swiss cargo ship carrying wheat from Lagos to Port Harcourt was attacked by Nigerian pirates, who then kidnapped the twelve man crew. Tunisia: Severe floods swept the northeast, killing at least four and damaging or destroying homes, bridges, roads and farm fields. North America: US: Two mental health patients being transported by police got caught in floodwaters, leaving the patients dead and bringing the death toll from Storm Florence to forty-one. Thousands of homes, vehicles and roadways in the region still remained underwater. Rivers were swelling and many had already burst their banks, making the historic flooding worse. More than 3,000 people had been rescued in North Carolina alone, and 20,000 federal and military personnel continued to undertake rescue efforts. Florence also killed millions of livestock in North Carolina alone. Flooding was far from over in the Carolinas with communities that will be submerged through the end of September. Thousands of coastal residents were told that they will need to evacuate because rivers were still rising. Record flooding from the Waccamaw River swallowed surrounding communities in North Carolina and South Carolina. The river had already crested at record levels, but was expected to rise to as high as 22 feet (6.7 m). The disaster was expected to reach at least $50 to $60 billion dollars. Three separate shootings took place over a 24-hour period, leaving six dead and twelve wounded. A former eastern Pacific Ocean tropical depression began drifting eastward from the southern Rockies and deserts to portions of Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and northwestern Louisiana triggering widespread flooding. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Mexico and the US: A new tropical depression 19-E formed in the waters near Baja California Sur and headed for parts of Mexico and the Southwestern US. It was expected to bring rough seas, strong winds, heavy rain, flooding and mudslides. Canada: A tornado rip through a neighborhood in Gatineau, Quebec, causing widespread damage and leaving thousands without power. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Nicaragua: Armed men wearing hoods clashed with anti-government protesters, leaving one teenager dead and five people wounded. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Sangay volcano also underwent an explosive eruption. Colombia: Rebels attacked a mining camp in Yarumal, killing three and wounding three; one person was missing. Atlantic: Tropical: Subtropical Storm Leslie and Tropical Storm Kirk and Tropical Storm Joyce developed and could become hurricanes. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind from a equatorial coronal hole on the Sun was heading towards Earth with an estimated time of arrival on the 23rd. Meanwhile, the equinox triggered auroras an geomagnetic storms.

25th - Full Moon (2h 53m) MAXIMUM


Mideast: Bahrain: Prosecutors charged 169 people with being allied with a militant group they called the "Bahraini Hezbollah." The charges against the suspects ranged from attempted murder and property damage to illegally possessing and hiding weapons. Iran's paramilitary Revolutionary Guard was charged with providing arms and training for the militants. Iran: The country's Revolutionary Guard produced a video threatening missile attacks on the capitals of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, hightening tensions across the Persian Gulf. Iraq: Masked gunmen shot dead a human rights activist in Basra in a bold assassination that threatens to increase tensions in the city plagued by violent protests. Europe: Croatia: A wildfire fueled by strong winds trigeered evacuations in parts of the southern Croatian peninsula. The blaze reached villages in Mokalo, an area close to the village of Orebic, afterwhich it erupted in the bush on the Peljesac peninsula. Spain, Belgium, Holland, Portugal, Italy and Germany: A planned strike taken by unions was to take place in the six countries, forcing the shutdown 2,400 scheduled flights affecting 30,000 passengers. The strike was in response to Irish management preventing benefits that would otherwise be available in their countries. Africa: Morocco: The country's Royal Navy opened fire on a boat in the Mediterranean suspected of carrying migrants, wounding four. It was the second time in recent days that a boat was fired on. Ethiopia: A recent outbreak of ethnic violence between Oromos and other minority groups left dozens dead in the capital, Addis Ababa and its Burayu suburb, triggering a wave of arrests by police. A total of of 3,200 people were arrested. South Africa: Major roads and highways in Cape Town were closed following protests against poverty and crime by residents. North America: US: Rivers crested along the Carolina Midlands, flooding reached areas just inland of the coast and will keep some coastal rivers at record flood stage into next month. Making matters worse, tropical downpours began battering Florence-ravaged areas that would last into next week. The same storm system that brought deadly flooding to Texas (see previous lunar phase) would also bring rounds of heavy downpours into the lower Mississippi Valley. Veniaminof volcano in Alaska underwent an explosive eruption. US and Canada: A rapidly intensifying storm system began sweeping from the western Great Lakes region to eastern Canada and would be responsible for triggering violent storms. In the US it would bring flooding, damaging winds and power outages into the Midwest, Ohio Valley and Northeast. In the Ohio Valley, two homes and a barn were damaged from a possible tornado. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Argentina: Unions called a nationwide strike in protest of the country's economic crisis. The walkouts grounded flights, shutdown bus and train lines and forced the closure of the main agricultural port. Some protestrs blocked highways, while banks, courts, schools and shops closed for the day. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: East Central: Tropical Storm Rosa formed off Mexico's Pacific coast, and began to strengthen, while forecasts indicate that it will likely remain offshore. Northeast: Powerful Super Typhoon Trami - equal to a Category 4 hurricane - was slowly approaching the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Moving over warm waters it could strengthen moreso. Atlantic: Central: Tropical Storm Kirk, Subtropical Storm Leslie and a third unnamed storm developed and would likely threaten the southeast US, the Carribean and northeastern South America. Solar Activity: Solar minimum brought extra cosmic rays to Earth, long-lasting coronal holes on the Sun, and pink auroras.

28th-29th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: In Gaza, Hamas militant rulers stepped up protests along the border and were met with live gunfire, killing seven and wounding at least ninety protesters. Protesters burned tires, using the thick black smoke to hide and throw rocks and explosives at Israeli troops. Israeli aircraft also carried out two airstrikes on Hamas militant positions in the Gaza Strip. No Israeli troops were wounded or killed. Europe: Germany: Seven Dutch men were arrested on suspicion of planning a major attack at a big event in the Netherlands. Dutch police seized bomb-making materials at their resudence. Greece and Turkey: A rare phenomenon known as a Medicane - a conjunction of Mediterrean and hurricane - swept the countries of Greece and Turkey. Strong damaging winds toppled trees and powerlines, widespread flooding was triggered by heavy rain, and the storm destroyed or damamged homes, buildings, boats and vehicles. Spain: Protests in Barcelona's Catalonia region lead to separatists engaging in violent clashes with police, injuring fourteen and leading to six arrests. Ukraine: A bome exploded in Donetsk, at a meeting of the local Communist Party, wonding at least four. Asia: Indonesia: A powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck north of Palu, Sulawesi (09-28; 10:02). It was preceeded by a 6.1 magnitude earthquake (09-28; 07:00) and followed a aftershock of 6.7; dozens of aftershocks of magnitude 5.0 and greater followed. More than 2,075 people were killed, and a 18-foot-tall (5.5-meter-tall) tsunami swept away houses in at least two cities when it swept Palu, the city of Donggala and other coastal settlements. Entire villages were swallowed up by the tsunami alone. At least 540 were injuried and it damaged and destroyed thousands of buildings, including homes, a hotel, a shopping mall, seaside restaurants and several mosques. About 1,700 houses in one neighborhood alone were swallowed up by ground liquefaction (a phenomenon in which the strength and stiffness of a soil is reduced by earthquake). More than 65,000 homes were damaged and more than 60,000 people became homeless. Japan: Powerful Typhoon Trami slammed into areas already hit by Typhoon Jebi; the strongest typhoon to hit Japan in 25 years (see entry on 9/03 lunar phase). Trami triggered landslides, floods and power outages, and forced the closing of major airports. It was too early to report on the full extent of the damages and loss of life. Afghanistan: A fellow policeman shot and killed two Afghan policemen in Kandahar province, the latest in so-called "insider" attacks. Africa: Nigeria: Two Nigerian air force jets crashed while rehearsing for Independence Day celebrations. The pilots successfully ejected, but one pilot later died of complications from the impact. In a saparate incident, a dusk to dawn curfew was imposed on the city of Jos after hours of ethnic and religious tension and violence. Angry youths protested against an attack by suspected cattle herders, destroying properties belonging to Muslims, triggering more tension and violence. Herder gunmen had killed at least four and wounded at least two. North America: Mexico: A mob of about 100 people in the state of Hidalgo doused a detective with gasoline and burned him to death. It started when the crowd attacked local police in the town of Metepec and kidnaped the detective and three other men, roused by rumors that the men were planning to abduct children. US and Mexico: Hurricane Rosa's heavy rain triggered flooding in Baja California, eastern California, Las Vegas and Arizona. Its fierce winds brought life-threatening surf and rip currents off Southern California. Rosa would continue for at least another few days. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption, spewing ash on the southern neighborhoods of Mexico City. It spewed 183 emissions of gas and ash over 24 hours. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Brazil: Two armed teenagers stormed into a public school and opened fire, wounding three students, one of them seriously, Bullying was seen as the trigger of their actions. Atlantic: West Central: Kirk strengthened back into a tropical storm sweeping St. Lucia and Barbados, and then headed for other Caribbean islands with gusty winds, rough seas, heavy rain, mudslides and flooding. Pacific: Southwest: A 6.0 magntude earthquake struck north of Ndoi Island, Fiji (09-30; 10:52). Solar Activity: The solar wind triggered bright-green auroras.





October


2nd - Last Quarter (9h 45m) HIGH


Europe: Spain: A boat carrying migrants partially sunk off the coast of Morocco. Eleven bodies were found and the officials expect at least thirty-four had drowned. Italy: Mount Etna volcano, on the island of Sicily, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber targeted an election rally in eastern Nangarhar province, killing at least fourteen and wounding forty. Indonesia: Krakatau volcano on the Sunda Strait underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of Nggongi Satu (10-01; 23:59) and was followed by a 5.9 aftershock. Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Indian Ocean: The Barren Island volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Japan and South Korea: Super Typhoon Kong-rey - the equivalent of a Category 5 major hurricane - headed toward the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, which were still recovering from damaging winds in excess of 100 mph (160 kph) from Typhoon Trami. Kong-rey hit less than a week later. Damages would be far more destructive as many structures were still dangerously weakened. The Super Typhoon would then head for South Korea. Damages and loss of life were not yet available. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of Nggongi Satu (10-01; 23:59). Africa: Somalia: Villagers fought against al-Shabab miltants' demands for payments and new recruits, leaving at least five dead, including a militia commander. In a separate incident, US airstrikes targeted a southern region in response to an attack by al-Shabab militants on Somali government forces a day earlier. At least nine miltants were killed. Ethiopia: Days of violence erupted after gunmen killed four local officials during a visit to neighbouring Oromia region. Fighting between rival ethnic groups in the west left at least forty-four dead and displaced 70,000. Nearly one million have been displaced in the south since clashes erupted there in April. North America: US and Mexico: Tropical Storm Rosa flooded northwestern Mexico with heavy rains as it approached the Baja California Peninsula, killing at least one. Its remnants then drenched the southwestern US, Arizona, the desert Southwest, Central Rockies and Great Basin. Record-setting rainfall triggered widespread flooding in Phoenix. A day later it would hit other areas including southern Nevada, southeastern California, southwestern and central Utah, and the western two-thirds of Arizona. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption. US: Severe weather moving through Pennsylvania produced several tornadoes, damaging homes and vehicles. South America: Ecuador: Sangay volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Pacific: East Central: Tropical Storm Sergio became a hurricane in the Pacific, near the Mexican Coast, but was mving west further into the Pacific. Southwest: A 6.6 magnitude earthquake struck north of Ndoi Island, Fiji (09-30; 10:52). Atlantic: West Central: Tropical Storm Leslie bacame a hurricane headed for Bermuda, the Bahamas and parts of the southeastern US. Solar Activity: Two coronal holes opened up on the Sun and began turning to face Earth, each spewing a stream of solar wind toward Earth, triggering auroras and geomagnetic storms in a few days.

5th-6th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: israel and Palestine: Thousands of Palestinians protested along the fence dividing the Gaza Strip and Israel. Thousands collected along five areas of the fence, as they burned tires, threw rocks and chanted slogans against a stifling Israeli-Egyptian blockade on the territory. Once again Israeli forces shot dead three Palestinians and 126 protesters were wounded by live gunfire. Yemen: Shiite rebels shelled a west coast displacement camp in the town of al-Khoukha, killing at least one, and wounding eight children and three women. An airstrike by the Saudi-led coalition hit a house in the port city of Hodeida, killing one and wounding three. Iraq: A bomb exploded in the city of Fallujah and a roadside bomb exploded on the Beiji highway, killing at least one and wounding sixteen. Europe: Spain: Thousand of protesters in Madrid demonstrated against the Socialist-led government at a rally organized by right-wing groups. Asia: Indonesia: Krakatau volcano on the Sunda Strait again underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Gamalana volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption. Also on the island, Dukono volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Kerinci volcano on the island of Sumatra underwent repeated moderate explosive eruptions. Japan: Typhoon Kong-Rey made landfall as the 8th typhoon and 9th tropical system to hit the nation this year. Japan and South Korea: Typhoon Kong-rey swept South Korea, after battering Japan's Ryukyu Islands where it brought flooding, damaging winds and mudslides. South Korea caught the brunt of Kong-rey as it remained a typhoon with winds equal to a Category 1 hurricane. South Korea too was swept with flooding, damaging winds and mudslides. The extent of the damages and loss of life where not yet known. Afghanistan: Taliban bomb attacks in Kabul left at least two Afghan security forces dead and six police officers and three civilians wounded. A roadside bomb hit a military vehicle responding to a militant attack when a second bomb exploded, causing the casualties. India-controlled Kashmir: An overcrowded minibus plunged into a deep gorge along a mountainous road, killing at east twenty and injuring sixteen. Arabian Sea: A tropical depression developed to the west of India in the Arabian Sea, it was expected to strengthen into a tropical cyclone that could threaten areas from Pakistan to Yemen. Africa: Central African Republic: Community members angry about the disappearance of their youth leader, killed three and wounded another Chinese nationals. Mozambique: Al-Shabab militants killed at least ninety people since they began. Now security forces were making progress in fighting the group, and have deactivated militant camps. Officials asked that all 25 million Mozambicans to fight against the insurgents. Burkina Faso: A vehicle drove over an explosive device near Gayéri, an area known for militants attacks, killing six soldiers and wounding several others. Meanwhile, France carried out airstrikes in the north, close to the border with Mali, after the militants attacked a police station. A group of motorcycles was targeted by the militants, but it was not yet known how many fighters had been killed. Democratic Republic of the Congo: A tanker truck collided with another truck in the village of Mbuba, and as villagers rushed to collect the leaking fuel, the truck burst into flames, killing at least fifty and injuring more than one hundred who were badly burned. North America: US: A wide area of thunderstorms, over the Caribbean Sea, drifted into the Gulf of Mexico and slowly organized into a tropical depression or storm (see also Central America, Caribbean). It could bring more flooding to the Southeast. Red tides have been chocking waters off Florida's Gulf Coast and spread to the state's east coast. Officials are concerned king tide floodwaters that were expected could contain the toxic algae. US and Mexico: Sergio, a Category 3 hurricane, could boomerangs back toward the upper west coast of Mexico and the Southwestern US, delivering more drenching rain in the wake of Hurricane Rosa. Central America: Caribbean: A storm system triggered flooding and mudslides from Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Belize to Jamaica, Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and British Virgin Islands. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Atlantic: West Central: Tropical Storm Michael was well on its way to strengtening and was headed for parts of Mexico, Cuba and then the US Gulf coast. It would bring heavy rains and flooding, while numerous warnings and watches were issued. A 5.9 magnitude earthquake shrook northwestern of Ti Port-de-Paix, Haiti, causing property damage and injuries (10-07; 00:1). SNumerous houses were destroyed in Port-de-Paix, Gros Morne, Chansolme and Turtle Island. At least seventeen were killed, 333 were injuried and 7,783 families were homeless. The quake also destroyed four schools and damaged thousands of homes. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind was approaching Earth from a large coronal hole on the Sun, triggering Arctic auroras and in a few days a G1 (minor) to G2 (moderately strong) geomagnetic storm.

9th - New Moon (3h 47m) HIGH


Mideast: Bahrain: A two-story residential building collapsed in Salmaniya, injuring twenty. Yemen and the Persian Gulf: Cyclonic Storm Luban would bring heavy rains, triggering widespread flooding along with mudslides and damaging winds to parts of Yemen. First, Luban will pass near or north of Socotra, bringing strong winds and heavy rainfall to the island. The cyclone could also be hit Somalia later in the week. Europe: Ukraine: Explosions and a fire hit an ammunition depot near Ichnya, in the Chernihiv Oblast region. About 12,000 people had to be evacuated from an area around the depot, though there were no casualties. It was believed that the incident was the result of sabotage. Russia: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of Severo-Kuril'sk (10-09; 07:45). The next day, a 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck south of Severo-Kuril'sk (10-10; 23:16). Asia: Afghanistan: A suicide bomber blew himself up inside a parliamentary candidate's office, killing eight including the candidate, and wounding eleven others. Indonesia: Krakatau volcano on Sunda Strait underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck north of of Sumberanyar (10-10; 18:44). North America: US: Hurricane Michael, a "monstrous" Category 3 storm with 120 mph (193 kph) winds, headed for the Gulf Coast of Florida, forecast to make landfall near Panama City. Moreover, Michael was forecast to strengthen even further overnight. It comes with a dangerous storm surge of up to 12 feet (3.7 m). Massive forced evacuations were widespread. The storm will then move across Georgia and into South and North Carolina, both of which were still in disarray from Hurricane Florence. Alabama, Florida and Georgia have also declared states of emergency (see also Central America). In a separate incident, severe thunderstorms triggered tornadoes that swept across the central US from Oklahoma to Iowa, while heavy rain triggered flooding in Kansas. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Central America: Hurricane Michael swept parts of Central America leaving at least thirteen dead; six people were killed in Honduras, four in Nicaragua and three in El Salvador. Michael destroyed or damaged thousands of homes and other suldings, leaving thousands homeless. Heavy rains brought widespread flooding, triggered mudslides and sweeping away vehicles. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruptin with lava flows. Ecuador: Sangay volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Atlantic: Besides Hurricane Michael there were another three active tropical storms: Nadine, Leslie and Sergio. Sergio was expected to dump heavy rains on western Mexico and the southwestern US, triggering flooding and mudslides. Pacific: Southwest: Manam volcano on Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption. A 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea (10-10; 20:48). It was floowed by a 6.2 magnitude earthquake southwest of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea (10-10; 22:00) and a 6.1 magnitude earthquake east of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea (10-10; 20:45). Solar Activity: Earth remained inside a stream of high-speed solar wind flowing from a coronal hole on the Sun, triggering auroras. There was a chance that a G1-class geomagnetic storm(s) would also be triggered.

12th-13th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Once again Israeli forces shot dead six Palestinians protesters along the security fence separating Gaza and Israel. Syria: ISIS militants stormed a settlement for displaced people in Deir el-Zour province abducting as many as 130 families. In the fighting that erupted twenty ISIS gunman and a number of SDF fighters were killed. Iran: The country's intelligence service killed two Kurdish separatists and dismantled a "separatist terrorist team" in a clash in the city of Kermanshah. Yemen: Saudi-led airstrikes targeted the Houthi rebels in the port city of Hodeida, killing at least seventeen and wounding at least twenty. Europe: Italy: Students demonstrated against the government's education funding plans across fifty cities. Hundreds gathered in the city of Turin, where protesters burned effigies of the deputy premiers. UK: Storm Callum rains and hurricane-force winds brought disruptions across parts of south Wales, leaving at least one dead. Powerlines and trees were knocked down, buildings and homes were damaged, and flooding was widespread and the "worst in 30 years". Germany: Tens of thousands protested racism and discrimination of the far-right in Berlin. The protesters groups included pro-refugee, gay rights and Muslim organizations who wanted "an open and free society." Spain: The maritime rescue service recovered the bodies of three migrants but another seventeen were missing in the Mediterranean Sea. The bodies were found in water near a sinking boat it had intercepted east of the Strait of Gibraltar, saving the thirty-six men still on board. Croatia: Thousands of right-wing nationalists protested in the town of Vukovar, claiming that the government was not doing enough to punish 1990's Serb war criminals. Portugal and Spain: Hurricane Leslie strengthened into a Category 1 storm, heading for Spain and Portugal with strong damaging wind, torrential rain and rough surf. Leslie swept Portugal with hurricane-foce winds that damaged homes and vehicles, downed hundreds of trees and knocked out power to thousands. Russia: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Ozernovskiy (10-13 11:10). A Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Asia: India: Cyclone Titli slammed into the coastal areas of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh states with winds of up to 93 mph (150 kph), destroying hundreds of homes, knocking down powerlines and killing at least eight people. In the low-lying districts in Orissa about 300,000 were forced to evacuate. The heavy rain triggered a landslide that crashed onto a cyclone shelter, killing at least nineteen. Indonesia: Torrential rains triggered flooding and landslides on the island of Sumatra, killing at least twenty-seven in the Mandailing Natal district. Nepal: A strong storm swept through a climbers base camp on Gurja Himal mountain, killing at least seven, while two were missing. Afghanistan: A bombing targeted an election rally in Takhar province, killing thireteen and wounding thirty-two. Australia: Tornadoes and a "supercell" thunderstorm swept across Queensland, injuring four and causing widespread damage. The tornadoes ripped roofs off and knocked down trees and powerlines, while tennis ball-sized hail shattered windows and car windscreens. Africa: Uganda: Torrential rains in an eastern mountainous area triggered mudslides in the foothills of Mount Elgon, killing more than forty. The death toll was expected to climb as rescue efforts were underway. About 100 houses were destroyed in at least three villages, and a river burst its banks, destroying a bridge and threatening settlements nearby. Somalia: Two suicide bmbers targeted a restuarant and a nearby hotel in the town of Baidoa, killing at least sixteen and wounding thirty. Nigeria: A leaking oil pipeline exploded in the Osisioma area of Abia state, killing at least nineteen. Meanwhile, villagers claimed that the dearth toll was higher. North America: US: When Hurricane Michael made landfall it strengthened into a Category 4 hurricane with 155 mph winds (250 kph), making it one of the most powerful storms in US history. Michael left massive destruction throughout the Southeast, even entirely wiping out the city of Mexico Beach. Millions were without power, and internet and phone service, ships and vehicles were tossed about like toys, roads were destroyed, and countless homes and other structures were severely damaged or destroyed. At least seventeen people were killed, while at least 280 were missing. The number of fatalities was expected to rise. The red tide of a toxic algae bloom that was floating offshore was pushed back onto Pinellas beaches by Michael's winds. Some referred to Michael as "like the mother of all bombs." Mexico and the US: Tropical Storm Sergio hit the Baja California Peninsula with heavy rains that triggered flooding, and damaged some roads and roofs, and knocked down trees and power poles. Sergio then headed further north into Mexico, and a day later drenched parts of Arizona, New Mexico and toward the southern plains, triggering dangerous floods. That day, record-setting rainfall pounded the Phoenix area forcing the closing of the Arizona State Fair and flooding streets and highways. Mexico: Three levels of a shopping mall collapsed, killing at least seven men and injuring fifteen (on the 11th). Rescue efforts were unerway as it appeared that another three could be under the debris. Central America: A group of more than 1,000 Hondurans, searching for a better life in the US, began winding its way toward the border with Guatemala. South America: Brazil: A string of violent hate crimes and a "political murder" began as elections approached. Ecudor: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection triggered a G1-class geomagnetic storm and auroras.

16th - First Quarter (18h 02m) MODERATE


Mideast: Iran: An explosion at a battery factory near the town of Aradan left twenty-one workers seriously injuried. Militants abducted fourteen border security forces near the Pakistan border, seven of which were from the powerful Revolutionary Guard. The kidnapping took place under the cover of darkness near the Loukdan crossing point in Sistan and Baluchistan provinces, an area known for drug trafficing and militant clashes. Europe: Ukraine: A fighter jet crashed during a joint exercise with NATO air forces, killing both pilots. Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Asia: Tajikistan: Four cyclists - two Americans and two Europeans - were killed when ISIS miltants intensionally ran them over, and then got out of the car stabbing and shooting the survivors. Africa: Nigeria: Boko Haram extremists killed another abducted health worker. Three health workers were abducted in March in the community of Rann, only one remains alive. Somalia: A US airstrike against al-Shabab miltants targeted the community of Harardere in Mudug province, killing at least sixty of the miltants. It was the deadlist attack in the country. Morocco: A train derailed between the capital Rabat and the city of Kenitra, killing four and injuring dozens. North America: Mexico: Tropical Storm Tara drenched the central Pacific coast while moving just offshore, triggering widespread flooding and mudslides. Damaging winds remained localized to the immediate coastline of Colima and southern Jalisco. Tara also produced dangerous seas and surf along the coast from Michoacan to Nararit. A large area of showers and thunderstorms over the northern part of Central America was expected to develop further and head for Mexico in a few days as well, adding to the flooding. Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Heavy rain exacerbated ongoing river flooding developing into a dangerous situation in south-central Texas, near the town of Llano, prompting evacuations and triggering a bridge collapse. A state disaster declaration was issued for sixteen Texas counties impacted by the severe weather. Months' worth of rain fell in a matter of days, elevating flood danger and leaving one person dead. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Sunspot AR2725 decayed and was almost invisible. Solar flare activity was very low.

19th-20th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Syria: Coalition airstrikes on Sousa, an ISIS-held city, killed at least forty-six civliians and ISIS miltants. Israel and Palestine: Thousands of Palestinians again protested along the border, as dozens broke through the perimeter fence that separates Gaza from Israel, Israeli soldiers fired at the protesters wounding at least seventy. Europe: Spain: Homes were flooded and more than two dozen people had to be rescued from their cars as torrential rain triggered flooding in the east. The heavist rain fell in the cities of Alfondeguilla, Valencia aad Alcossebre. Strong winds knocked down trees, powerlines and damaged homes, as floodwaters carried vehicles through flooded streets. Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Asia: India: A speeding train ran over a crowd that was watching fireworks during a religious festival near the city of Amritsar, killing at least sixty and injuring at least fifty. Afghanistan: The first parliamentary elections in eight years was marred by 193 insurgent attacks that left at least fifty-six dead and 379 wounded . There were also incidences of ballot stuffing and intimidation by armed men who were affiliated with candidates in 19 of the country's 32 provinces. The attackers used everything from grenades and gunfire to mortars and rocket launchers. Security forces killed thirty-one of the militants. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Tunisia: Floodwaters in the city of Kasserine badly damaged roads and killed two. Schools across central Tunisia were closed and the flooding had forced the closing of many roads, particularly in Kasserine (on the 18th). Democratic Republic of the Congo: Congolese rebels killed two health officials fighting a deadly Ebola outbreak. Nigeria: Communal violence erupted in Kaduna state, leaving at least fifty-five dead. South Africa: A multi-vehicle accident in Limpopo province on a major highway between Mookgophong and Kranskop left at least twenty-seven dead. North America: Mexico and the US: A caravan of more than 3,000 migrants broke the Guatemala border fence and rushed into Mexico on their way to the US, defying Mexican authorities and threats of retaliation by the US president. US: A Navy helicopter crashed on the flight deck of an aircraft carrier while conducting routine operations in the Philippine Sea, injuring a dozen sailors. Days of heavy rain triggered historic flooding in Texas, that made it necessary for Lake Travis to open up a record number of floodgates to control water levels and prevent more flooding. Some parts of Texas had as much as 13 inches (33 cm) of rain. A renewed cold wave, along with locally damaging winds, rain and snow showers swept through the Midwest and Northeast. South America: Brazil: Thousands took to the streets to protest the candidacy of a far-right presidential front-runner. In Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia and twenty-four other cities, large crowds chanted "Not him!" Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Sangay volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Pacific: East Central: Newly formed Tropical Storm Vicente, which formed south of Guatemala, began to strengthen and headed for southern and southwestern Mexico. It was expected to turn into a hurricane, bringing damaging winds, mudslides and rough seas. Meanwhile, another tropical system began to form in the same general region and the next day it strengthened into Tropical Storm Willa south of the port city of Manzanillo. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind triggered a geomagnetic storm and auroras. Then a coronal hole opened up of the Sun and turned toward Earth.

24th - Full Moon (16h 45m) MODERATE


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: A rocket was fired from the Gaza Strip toward southern Israel. The Iron Dome, an interceptor missile, tried to down the rocket but failed. Damages were not reported. Syria: A coalition airstrike targeted an ISIS-held location in the village of Sousa and struck near a mosque, killing sixteen, nine of which were ISIS miltants. Yemen: Half the population of war-torn Yemen - fourteen million people - were facing "pre-famine conditions" and the UN says that it would be the worst famine in over 100 years if the war continues. Jordan: Heavy rains triggered flash flooding that swept away middle school students and their teachers while they were visiting hot springs near the Dead Sea. leaving twenty-one dead. Europe: Bosnia and Croatia: Migrants tried to cross from Bosnia into Croatia and enter the European Union when they were stopped by Bosnian police. The resulting clash left sveral people injuried, including two policemen. Bosnian police had alrady stopped about 100 migrants from getting off a train. Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Italy: Stromboli volcano, on the Eolian Islands, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Asia: Myanmar: It was dicovered that genocide was still taking place against Rohingya Muslims, forcing thousands of Rohingya to flee to Bangladesh. India-Administered Kashmir: Government forces killed two rebels during a gunbattle, setting off violent anti-India protests by residents. Indian troops laid siege to a neighborhood in Srinagar which triggered an exchange of gunfire, leaving two militants dead and wounding four soldiers and two policemen. Indonesia: Krakatau volcano on the Sunda Strait underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. North America: Mexico: Hurricane Willa continued to force evacuations as rains triggered flooding and mudslides when it swept over northern Mexico. It ripped through a hospital, knocked out power to more than 100,000, toppled wood-shack homes and ripped roofing off other houses. Willa continue towards the US with heavy rains along the Gulf coast and the Southeast. Texas was hit with more rains forcing the continued monitoring of flooding around Lake Travis and the Colorado River. US: Packages containing crude pipe bombs were sent to two former US presidents, a former Secretary of State, a former CIA Director and critics of the current president. None of the bombs exploded. Many told the president that using hateful rhetoric can trigger these actions. Canada: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake (10-22; 06:16), a 6.6 magnitude quake (10-22; 05:39) and a 6.4 magnitude quake (10-22; 06:22) struck southwest of Port Hardy. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an expolsive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an expolsive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Northwest: Super Typhoon Yutu slammed into the Northern Mariana Islands as the equivalent of a category 5 hurricane with 180 mph (290 kph) sustained winds. This makes it the strongest storm to hit any part of the US this year; the Marianas are a US territory. The full effect of the storm was not yet reported, but there were reports of serious damages. Solar Activity: A coronal mass ejection triggered geomagnetic storms and auroras around the Arctic Circle.

27th-28th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Palestinian militants' rockets from Gaza targeted Israel and a night-long exchange of clashes erupted. Fighter jets struck dozens of targets across Gaza. The attacks prompted Israeli to threaten Iranian forces in Syria, because the militant faction operating in the Hamas-ruled Gaza has close ties to Iran and Syria. The next day, Israeli airstrikes targeted southeastern Gaza Strip, killing three boys who were "planting a bomb". Yemen: Cyclone Luban had killed fourteen and injuried 124, while ten were still missing and about 8,000 people were homeless. Three days of rainfall and flooding destroyed property and killed livestock. In the worst-hit parts of Mahra almost 90 percent of the infrastructure was damaged. Syria: ISIS militants killed at least forty US-backed Syrian fighters, and captured several alive and regained some lost territory. The next day, the Turkish army shelled positions held by Kurdish fighters east of the Euphrates River. Europe: Romania: A magnitude 5.8 earthquake shuck central and eastern Romania and was also felt in Ukraine, Moldova and Bulgaria. Damages were not yet determined. Greece: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake and numerous aftershocks struck near the island of Zakynthos and was felt across western Greece (10-25; 22:54). It caused significant damage to the local port and a 13th Century island monastery south of Zakynthos. Southern and Central: A powerful storm brought flooding rain, mudslides and heavy mountain snowfall. The most affected were areas from Spain to Poland and the Balkan Peninsula, and especially parts of France, Italy, Slovenia and Croatia. Asia: India: Protesters set fire to a Hindu religious center because it supported a Supreme Court decision that allowed women to use the Hindu pilgrimage site. A number of vehicles were also destroyed or damaged by the blaze. In a separate incident, a powerful land mine blast was triggered by Maoist rebels in their stronghold in the Bijapur district, killing at least four Indian paramilitary soldiers. Pakistan: A bus heading to Rawalpindi from Ghiberti in Gilgit Baltistan plunged into a deep gorge in Kohistan District, killing at least seventeen and injuring one. Indonesia: A brand-new Boeing 737 Max jet used by Indonesia’s Lion Air plunged into the Java Sea just minutes after takeoff, killing all 189 on board. Africa: Mali: Armed men attacked a UN camp outside of Timbuktu in the town of Ber, killing at least two peacekeepers and wounding at least a dozen others. A UN vehicle also ran over an explosive device in Konna, wounding four Togolese peacekeepers. North America: US: A gunman opened fire on a synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, killing at least eleven and wounded two critcally. He was injuried and captured. The coast of Stone Harbor, New Jersey was battered by rough waves churned by a Nor'easter. The storm left tens of thousands of homes without power, downed trees and power lines across the Northeast. Central America: El Salvador: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast southwest of the town of Acajutla (10-28; 22:23). South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano again underwent an expolsive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Northwest: Super Typhoon Yutu that slammed into the Northern Mariana Islands still left tens of thousands of residents without power and sifting through rubble. South Korea's government used its military flights to rescue nationals stranded on typhoon-hit Saipan island. After battering the Mariana Islands Super Typhoon Yutu headed towards the Philippines and southeastern Asia. Atlantic: Central: Oscar became the eighth hurricane of the Atlantic hurricane season far out at sea. It was headed for Bermuda and was expected to strengthen. Solar Activity: Two coronal holes opened up on the Sun, one was already facing Earth and the other was not far behind. The mass ejections from these holes was expected to reach Earth in a few days.

31st - Last Quarter (16h 40m) MODERATE


Europe: Spain: Rough weather forced a huge passenger ferry to crash into an industrial dock in the city of Barcelona. This set off a chain reaction, toppling a crane that struck several containers filled with chemicals, which ignited the chemicals, causing a massive explosion. A great deal of damage ocurred, but no one was injuried. Greece: Police set off tear gas and flash grenades during a protest in the city of Thessaloniki focused on the fatal police shooting of a man in Albania. Clashes started when police blocked access to the Albanian Consulate, halting the protest of several hundred demostraters. Vechiles and buildings were damaged or destroyed. Russia: A suicide bomber targeted an office of the FSB federal security service in the city of Arkhangelsk, wounding three and causing serious damage to the building. UK: A helicopter crashed on takeoff at a soccer stadium in Leicester City, killing the billionaire owner and four others. France: Storm Adrian hit the island of Corsica with severe rainfall and strong winds that sent huge waves inland, causing widespread flooding. Asia: Philippines: Typhoon Yutu triggered a massive landslide that slammed into two government buildings, killing at least four, while nineteen remained missing and believed to be among the rubble. Smaller landslides blocked roads preventing rescuers from reaching the buildings. At least eleven people died in the north because of the typhoon, mostly due to landslides and mudslides. The typhoon also knocked down trees and powerlines and ripped roofs off houses. Africa: Nigeria: After days of deadly protests in the capital, police arrested 400 members of a Shia Muslim sect. There were unconfirmed claims that dozens were killed in the clashes. Cameroon: The military shot dead four separatist rebels who were blamed for the death of a US missionary near the town of Bamenda, a day earlier. North America: US: The Central America migrants continued their journey to the US, numbering less than 4,000. In contrst, the US president wants to send as many as 15,000 troops to the border. Troops would out number the migrants by nearly four to one. Dangerous thunderstorms, damaging winds, flooding, hail, strong lightning strikes and isolated tornadoes targeted already-soaked Texas and Louisiana. The storms were then expected to move east into parts of Florida and Georgia, as well as the Ohio and Tennessee valleys. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano again underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck northeast of of Iquique (11-01; 22:19) Pacific: Southwest: Kadovar volcano northeast of New Guinea, Papua New Guinea underwent an explosive eruption. Southeast: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck east of Waitara, New Zealand (10-30; 02:13). Southern Ocean: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck the Drake Passage, a region that connects the southwestern part of the Atlantic Ocean with the southeastern part of the Pacific Ocean (10-29; 06:54). Solar Activity: Earth was impacted by a stream of solar wind that triggered auroras around the Arctic Circle.





November


3rd-4th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Iraq: ISIS militants exploded four bombs in Shiite districts around Baghdad, including Sadr City and Kadhimiya, killing four and wounding twenty. Yemen: Fighting escalated with airstrikes, naval artillery and ground offensives around the port city of Hodeida, leaving more than 150 combatants killed from both the rebel and government sides. Europe: Italy: A powerful rain storm brought hurricane-force winds that knocked down tens of thousands of trees in the Fiemme valley. The rains triggered landslides and mudslides that blocked major roads and left at least seventeen dead. Villages and roads were also cut off by landslides preventing rescuers from reaching those in need. The rains also triggered flooding in Venice and roads became rivers in numerous places in the north. A river burst its banks in Casteldaccia, Sicily submerging homes, killing nine. Another three people died when their cars were swept away. The severe storm damaged more than 200 boats in the coastal town of Rapallo, while aerial photography revealed damaged and sunken boats as well as buildings littered with debris. Asia: Afghanistan: An insider attack by a member of the Afghan National Defense Security Forces, an ally to NATO, shot a US soldier and wounded another in Kabul. The shooter was immediately shot dead. China: A fight brokeout between a bus driver and a passenger who missed her stop causing the bus to plunge off a high bridge into Yangtze River, killing all fifteen passengers (late on the 2nd). A large truck lost control and crashed into a line of vehicles waiting at a toll booth in the province of Gansu, killing fourteen and injuring twenty-seven. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Philippines: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Sapad (11-04; 07:55). Africa: Egypt: ISIS militant gunmen attacked two buses and a minibus on a road in Minya, killing at least seven and wounding nineteen Coptic Christians near a monastery (late on the 2nd). Two days later, police killed nineteen militants accused of carrying out the attack. North America: US: A fierce Nor' easter pounded the Northeast. An Amazon warehouse collapsed in Baltimore, Maryland due to the severe weather, killing two. Parts of Colorado got between 5 and 12 inches of snow. Several vehicles were stranded in the snow. The ceiling of a TJ Maxx store in Mount Airy, Maryland collapsed, leaving the interior exposed to severe weather and rainfall. Fallen trees and damage to other buildings in the area was caused by a tornado. Pacific: East Central: Tropical Storm Xavier makes eastern Pacific Ocean most active season since 1992. Downpours, strong winds and rough seas swept the west coast of Mexico near Manzanillo and the states of western Michoacán, Colima and Jalisco. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Ecuador: Sangay volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Chile: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck northeazst of Iquique (11-01; 22:19). Solar Activity: A huge coronal hole opened up on the Sun. At the same time the Sun's Interplaenary Magnetic Field's co-rotating interaction region swept by the Earth triggering auroras and geomagnetic storms.

7th - New Moon (16h 02m) LOW


Mideast: Yemen: The Saudi-led coalition pounded Houthi rebel positions in Hodeida with airstrikes and a ground assault. Since the renewed coalition offensive began five days earlier more than 150 fighters were killed and hundreds wounded on both sides. Europe: France: Two apartment buildings in Marseille collapsed, killing at least six. UK: A stormy weather system developed that would bring flooding rain and gusty winds from Southwest England into Wales and northwestern England. It appeared that it would be given an official windstorm name. Asia: Indonesia: Krakatau, volcano on the Sunda Strait, underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, nderwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. North America: US: Two separate storm systems began to merge and move into the Northeast, bringing flooding rain, wind and a wintry mix. A man threw a smoke bomb and opened fire in a Thousand Oaks, California bar packed with college students, killing tweleve and wounding eighteen. The gunman was also found dead, but it was uncertain he killed himself or a policeman killed him. It was the 307th mass shooting - those with four or more victimes - this year alone. A fire, later called the Camp Fire, began spreading through Butte County and would destroy the entire town of Paradise (seee the next lunar phase for more). South America: Chile and Argentina: Planchón-Peteroa volcano underwent an explosive eruption sending ash emissions 14,000 feet (4,267 m) into the air. Solar Activity: A large coronal hole opened up on the Sun and began turning to face the Earth as it spewed solar wind. It was expected to spark G1- and G2-class geomagnetic storms along with auroras.

10th-11th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Jordan: Heavy rains triggered flash floods that struck several areas, including around the Wala reservoir, the town of Maan and the ancient city of Petra, killing at least twelve. The flood also forced the evacuation of nearly 4,000 tourists from the ancient city of Petra. Rescuers began searching for five people whose car was swept away in the city of Madaba. It was called the biggest deluge in the area in decades. Downpours also triggered a state of emergency in the port city of Aqaba where the floodwaters were headed. More heavy rain was expected. Israel and Palestine: Fighting again erupted between Israeli forces and Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip, leaving seven Palestinians dead, including a Hamas commander, and seven others were wounded. The Israeli military also intercepted two rockets fired from Gaza. Syria: Syrian fighters resumed their ground offensive against ISIS miltants. Yemen: Street battles raged on in several areas of the city of Hodeida, where Saudi-led coalition were driving out Iran-backed Shiite rebels. Airstrikes from warplanes and Apache attack helicopters battered neighborhoods, while ground offensives went street by street. Iran: Two people tried to cross through an illegal route from from Pakistan's Panjgur district in Baluchistan into Iran when they were killed by Iranian border guards. Another three were wounded. Europe: Spain: Police in Barcelona clashed with Catalan separatists who were protesting a rally by the country's national police force. Police used batons to drive back the group of separatists. Turkey: An explosion at an ammunition depot at a base in Hakkari province killed at least seven soldiers and injuried twenty-five (on the 9th). Another seven were missing. The cause was unknown and was being investigated. Romania: A man stabbed another man and then ploughed his car into people on a road and at a shopping mall in the city of Braila, injuring ten. Norway: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck northwest of Olonkinbyen, Svalbard and Jan Mayen (11-09; 01:49). Asia: Afghanistan: A bomb exploded inside a district administrator office, killing him and wounding two vistors. No group claimed responsibility. In a separate incident, Taliban militants attacked a small army base, killing twelve security forces. They also left behind explosives that killed four tribal elders who had come to collect the bodies. India, Pakistan and Kashmir: Pakistani soldiers fired along the highly militarized border that divides the disputed region of Kashmir, killing two Indian soldiers. A day earlier, another Indian soldier was killed when he was hit by a sniper's bullet in the Sunderbani sector. Indonesia: Krakatau volcano, on the Sunda Strait, underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. India: Cyclonic Gaja formed in the Bay of Bengal and headed for southern India with the potential to bring flooding to parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo: The present Ebola outbreak became the worst in country's history with 236 infected and 201 killed. Somalia: Al-Shabab militants bombings targeted a hotel in Mogadishu, killing at least fifty-three and wounding more than one hundred (on the 9th). North America: US: Three major wildfires raged through California, leaving at least twety-five dead. One fire destroyed the city of Paradise, bringing to ashes thousands of homes and businesses, and leaving about 27,000 people homeless. About 250,000 people were forced to flee their homes as a result of the three fires. The battle continued as the Woolsey Fire remains at zero percent containment. Hundreds of homes have also been destroyed there by this fire and two people were left dead. The next day, the Santa Ana winds began blowing again fanning the fires. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. South America: Brazil: Heavy downpours triggered a mudslide that struck the city of Niteroi, near Rio de Janeiro, killing eleven and injuring eleven. A boulder also slid down a foothill and hit a group of houses in the city. It was suspected that more vicitms and survivors were under the debris. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya and Sangay volcanoes underwent explosive eruptions with lava flows. Atlantic: Northwest: A 6.2 magnitude eearthquake struck the North Atlantic Ocean (11-11; 14:03). Pacific: Southwest: A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Pangai, Tonga (11-10; 08:33). Solar Activity: Earth entered a stream of solar wind flowing from a coronal hole on the Sun, sparking polar auroras in the Southern Hemisphere. Unexpectedly, a new sunspot formed near the center of the Sun during solar minimum.

15th - First Quarter (14h 54m) LOW


Mideast: Syria: Airstrikes pounded an area controlled by ISIS militants, killing at least eighteen. Coalition airstrikes on parts of the eastern province of Deir el-Zour killed tweny-three and wounded dozens. Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Iran: Nearly a year's worth of rain fell on Kuwait City, triggering severe, widespread flooding. The heavy rain flooded roads, damaged some buildings, and forced the closing of schools, offices and air traffic. Flooding also affected parts of neighboring Saudi Arabia and Iran. Flooding, road washouts and mudslides were widespread. Europe: Czechoslovakia: Thousands of protesters in Prague demanded the resignation of the Prime Minister due to a fraud scandal. More protests were scheduled for the weekend. Russia: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck south of Ust'-Kamchatsk Staryy (11-14; 21:21). Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban attacks killed more than forty government troops in western Farah province near the border with Iran. Twelve others were missing after the attack. Taliban casualties were not reported. Fierce fighting also raged in the two districts of Jaghuri and Malistan, in the eastern province of Ghazni. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on the island of Kyushu underwent an explosive eruption. India: Cyclone Gaja made landfall in Tamil Nadu with flooding rain, mudslides, rough seas and damaging winds. Cyclone Gaja damaged and destroyed homes and roads, knocked down 30,000 power poles and 100,000 trees. It also drove nearly 82,000 people into more than 400 state-run shelters. Vietnam and the Philippines: A storm was brewing the South China Sea that would bring flooding, mudslides and travel delays that would continue for days. It was also forecast to threaten parts of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos around next weekend. Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: A joint military operation against Allied Democratic Forces rebels in the northeast left eight UN peacekeepers and at least twelve Congolese soldiers dead, and ten peacekeepers wounded. The region was also a place noted for a deadly Ebola outbreak. The mission succeeded by pushing out the rebel fighters from their stronghold in Kididiwe. Nigeria: Boko Haram militants attacked Mamanti village, in Borno state, setting at least two hundred homes on fire. Fortunately, explosions and gun shots forced residents to flee in panic, leaving only one dead. North America: US: The nation’s deadliest wildfire in a century, the Camp Fire, that ccompletely destroyed the town of Paradise, was still being searched for more bodies in the ashes that so far claimed at least fifty-six lives, with 130 others still missing, Forecasts call for rain next week which will help extinguish the fire, but the dislodged residents were in a place known for mudslides when it rins. Snow, ice and rain triggered power outages and travel disruptions over a large portion of the northeast. The storm strengthened and swept across most of the Northeast states. Strong winds also swept the coast. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: Southeast: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck the Southern East Pacific Rise (11-15; 23:09). Atlantic: South: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck east of Visokoi Island, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (11-15; 20:02). Solar Activity: A high-speed stream of solar wind bellowed for a coronal hole on the Sun and was expected to trigger auroras and geomagnetic storms around the Artic Circle in a few days.

18th-19th - Mid-Phase LOW


Mideast: Iraq: A car bomb exploded in the city of Tikrit killing at least five and wounding sixteen. The blast set fires on both sides of a commercial street and damaged buildings and vehicles. No group calimed responsiblity, but ISIS miltants were suspected of planting the bomb. Yemen: Fighting broke out again in the city of Hudaydah even though both the Saudi-led military coalition and Houthi rebels agreed to a ceasefire. Coalition warplanes resumed bombing after clashes erupted between rebels and pro-government forces. Europe: France: Nearly 300,000 protesters stopped raffic at more than 2,000 locations around the country, demonstrating to lower taxes on diesel fuel and gasoline. About 410 protesters were injuried and one was killed. Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Asia: India: Two men on a motorcycle targeted a Sikh prayer hall with a grenade in a village on the outskirts of Amritsar city in Punjab state, killing three and wounding fifteen. Pakistan: A roadside bomb exploded in the suburbs of Quetta as a military vehicle was passing, killing three soldiers and wounding four. In another attack, a rocket-propelled grenade hit a security vehicle in North Waziristan, killing two soldiers and wounding two. Afghanistan: A roadside bomb exploded killing two local officials in Logar province. The Taliban claimed responsiblity. Japan and China: A Chinese fishing boat sank off a southern Japanese island, leaving five of its crew missing, while three others were rescued by Japan's coast guard. Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Krakatau volcano, on the Sunda Strait, underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Vietnam: Tropical Storm Toraji's torrential rain triggered landslides that destroyed several homes and buried victims in some villages in the city of Nha Trang, leaving at least thirteen dead. Deadly Tropical Storm Toraji was also being followed by another tropical storm that would bring a renewed risk of flooding and mudslides. North America: US: The number of people unaccounted for in the deadly Camp Fire in northern California skyrocketed to more than 1,200. A state record was already set with the confirmed death toll of seventy-seven. Rain was forecast for the region that would bring the dangers of flooding, mudslides and road hazards. Tent cities may be especially be in danger. Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Mexico: A gang of young gunmen targeted a Red Cross aid distribution event in Taxco, leaving a Red Cross paramedic dead and six others wounded. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano erupted spewing ash and lava, forcing the evacuation of nearly 4,000 people living on the slopes of the volcano. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: West Central: Haiti experinced two days of countrywide protests over government corruption became violent with clashes between protesters and police. The first day six were killed and the second day a police officer was killed and three people were wounded. Southwest: A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Lambasa, Fiji (11-18 20:25). Solar Activity: A minor stream of solar wind was brushing against Earth's magnetic and was being followed by a second stream that would trigger auroras and geomagnetic activity.

23rd - Full Moon (5h 39m) MODERATE


Mideast: Libya: Armed men in pickup trucks targeted a police station in the town of Tazirbu, killing at least five. The gunmen also kidnapped several citizens. Iraq: Heavy rains triggered flash floods that swept Houreya village, killing at least four, The flash floods also swept Salahuddin and Nineveh provinces, causing bridges to collapse and forcing the evacuation of about 4,000 people. Israel and Palestine: Another protest along the Gaza border again erupted in violence when Israeli soldiers opened fire on the protesters, wounding at least fourteen Palestinians. Asia: Pakistan: Armed miltant separatists stormed the Chinese Consulate in the city of Karachi, triggering an intense hour-long shootout leaving two Pakistani civilians, two police officers and all three assailants dead. A few hours earlier, a bomb exploded at an open-air market in the town of Klaya, killing at least thirty-five and wounding dozens. Most of the victims were minority Shiite Muslims, and the bombers were most likely Pakistani Sunni militants. Indonesia: Krakatau volcano, on the Sunda Strait, underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. Phillipine Sea: Typhoon Man-yi brought strong winds, rough seas and heavy downpours to the region, but it was uncertain were it would make landfall. Strengthening, it could reach the equivalent of a Category 3 hurricane. Africa: Mali: France's anti-terrorism forces used airstrikes, drones, helicopters and ground forces against al-Qaida-linked miltants, killing at least thirty miltants. Australia: A giant dust storm swept communities across southeastern Australia, turning skies orange and forcing a public health alert because of the dangerous air quality. An “unseasonal cold front” swept New South Wales, causing heavy snowfall in the area. Meanwhile, firefighters battled a bushfire in the Campvale area of Port Stephens in New South Wales. North America: US: A major snow storm combined with strong winds creating blizzard conditions from the High Plains then to parts of the Mississippi Valley the next day and the Great Lakes region the day after that. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Chile: Chillán volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: Another stream of solar wind from a coronal hole was approaching the Earth.

26th-27th - Mid-Phase MODERATE


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: A Palestinian rammed his car into a group of Israeli soldiers in the West Bank before being shot and killed. The attacker wounded three of the soldiers. Iran: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck south of Sarpol-e Zahab, Kermanshah province (11-25; 16:37:31), injuring at least 700 residents. There was at least one death in nearby Iraqi Kurdistan. Syria: Russia carried out airstrikes against Syrian rebels Russia accuses of launching a chemical attack on the government-held city of Aleppo. Both Syria and its Russian allies say shells carrying toxic gas injured about 100 (late on the 24th). The rebels deny carrying out a chemical strike and say the claims were a pretext for an attack on opposition-held areas during a cease-fire. Europe: Ukraine and Russia: Russia seized three Ukrainian navy ships in the Black Sea close to Crimea, injuring six crew members (on the 25th). Martial law was instituted in Ukraine as there were fears of escalation. Russia then took the salors to court. Turkey: A helicopter was conducting training flights at Samandira air base when it crashed into a residential part of the Sancaktepe district, killing four soldiers and injuring one. Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Italy: Crotone, Italy, experienced a possible tornado ripping through the city. A number of buildings were damaged or destroyed. Some people were injured in Crotone after debris was thrown to the ground during the storm. Asia: Philippines: Mayon volcano on Luzon Island underwent an explosive eruption. Vietnam: Tropical Storm Usagi brought record levels of rainfall to Ho Chi Minh City, causing severe and widespread flooding. The heavy rainfall brought by Usagi was the longest and heaviest the city ever recorded. One man was killed by a fallen tree. Afghanistan: Taliban militants planted an improvised explosive device that exploded near Ghazni, killing three US soldiers and wounding anothere three. A US civilian contractor was also wounded. In a separate incident a US airstrike on a compound in Helmand province killed as many as twenty-three civlians, most of which were women and children. Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Somalia: The country was hit by two violent attacks, one killing an Islamic cleric and seventeen of his followers for playing music in the city of Galkayo. The other attack killed at least six people by a car bomb blast in the capital, Mogadishu. The car bomb was detonated at a busy junction in Mogadishu's Wadajir district. Fifteen people were injured and the blast appears to have been aimed at soldiers who were gathered there. Nigeria: Floods destroyed more than 1,000 acres (400 hectares) of rice in the Diffa region. Nearly 3,000 tons of rice worth $1.13 million was lost as a result. The rains destroyed nearly 17,400 homes and killed more than 33,000 heads of livestock. Nigerian air force's planes attacked a convoy of Boko Haram militants, destroying the vehicles and killing the militants. This was retaliation for Boko Haram militants involvement in a recent attack on a Nigerian military base in Borno state. Austrailia: Hundreds of Australians were evacuated from their homes due to bushfires amid "unprecedented" and "highly unusual" weather conditions in the state of Queensland. About forty bushfires were burning across the state following a heatwave. North America: Mexico and US: A chaotic border clash with choking tear gas fired by US agents left Central Americans worrying the incident may have spoiled their chances at asylum. US: Some of the heaviest snowfall totals were in Iowa and Illinois, where as much as 17 inches (432 mm) fell. It was a storm that produced heavy snow and blizzard conditions over parts of the central US and would spin off a coastal storm that evolved into a Nor'easter for New England. Also, severe weather was developing for the Gulf Coast states, with Louisiana and Mississippi both experiencing tornadoes, damaging winds and flooding. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with the formation of lava domes. South America: Colombia: A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck southeast of Mountain (11-25; 03:40). Solar Activity: A coronal hole in the Sun's atmosphere that first opened in June was now turning to face Earth again for the 6th time.

30th - Last Quarter (0h 19m) HIGH


Mideast: Jordan: Hundreds of protesters took to the streets of Amman calling for the prime minister to resign over his tax and failed economic policies. Israel and Palestine: Once again thousands of Palestinians protested along the Gaza-Israel perimeter fence where Israeli gunfire wounded eighteen Palestinians. Europe: Spain: About 650 migrants in sixteen boats were rescued crossing the Mediterranean from North Africa to Europe; one woman was found dead. Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. UK: Storm Diana brought heavy rain, strong winds and powerful coastal waves to Wales. France: Hundreds of protesters clash with police in Paris near Arc de Triomphe, protesting increased taxes, gasoline prices and cost of living. Police used water cannons and tear gas as protesters threw stones and bottles, looted stores, smashed windows and set fire to vehicles. Asia: India: Tens of thousands of farmers from across the country held a rally demanding drought relief, better crop prices and loan waivers (beginning on the 29th). Indonesia: Dukono volcano on the island of Halmahera underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Japan: Sakurajima volcano on Kyushu island underwent an explosive eruption. Africa: Nigeria: Police killed 104 gunmen 'cattle thieves' in the state of Zamfara, near the village of Birnin-Magaji. Several of the gunman's camps were destroyed and hundreds of cattle and sheep were recovered. At least one police officer was killed, thought reports claim several were killed and others wounded. South Sudan: Doctors Without Borders indicated that there has been a wave of "horrific episodes of sexual violence" against women and girls over the past ten days. The charity treated at least 125 women and girls who were raped, robbed and beaten. Cameroon: A military convoy in the Kembong village was blown-up by militants pushing for an independent state (late on the 29th). Australia: Thousands of students across the country skipped school for a mass protest against the lack of action on climate change. Earlier, Sydney was pelleted by the heaviest November rain in decades, triggering widespread flooding, traffic chaos and power outagess, and leaving two dead. Strong, damaging winds also brought chaos. Queensland's bushfires forced thousands to flee the "catastrophic" threat. It was the frst time that that level of threat had been reached. Fuelled by strong winds, a heatwave and dry vegetation more than 130 bushfires were burning the region. North America: US: A 7.0 magnitude earthquake (11-30; 17:29), followed b a 5.7 magnitude aftershock, struck north of Anchorage, Alaska. The quakes tore roads and highways apart, damaged buildings and sent about 300,000 residents out into the streets. The area would experince another 1,400 aftershocks. Severe weather pelleted areas of California's wildfires sending debris flows and mudslides down mountains and foothills, covering roads and further damaging burnt out areas. Also, several water rescues had to be performed. Warming temperature triggered severe weather with damaging winds, flooding rain anda few tornadoes throughout the Mississippi Valley. Another storm battered areas from Nebraska and South Dakota to parts of Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin and Michigan with heavy snow, gusty winds and local blizzard conditions. Canada: A storm swept through Newfoundland with hurricane-force winds as much as 90 mph (145 kph), knocking down powerlines, uprooting trees and damaging homes (late on the 29th). South America: Brazil: A small plane crashed into three houses near Sao Paulo, killing two and injuring twelve; seven of which were pedestrians. It also destroyed two cars in front of the buildings. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A massive coronal hole sent a stream of solar wind that would hit Earth's magnetic field, triggering a geomagnetic storm. Electric-blue clouds, known as noctilucent clouds (night shining clouds) high above Antarctica.






December


3rd-4th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Syria: Coalition forces conducted airstrikes against ISIS-miltant leaders in the Southeast (on the 2nd). Among the dead was a militant who who murdered several aid workers, some of which were beheaded. Yemen: Riots broke out in the government-run Central Prison of Mukalla. Security guards described those who rioted as al-Qaida militants who wanted to escape the prison. Israel and Palestine: Israeli troops killed a Palestinian man during a military operation in the West Bank city of Tulkarem. Israel claimed that dozens of Palestinians threw stones at soldiers who used tear gas and live fire to disperse the stone throwers. Europe: Russia: Ebeko volcano on Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. Belgium: More than 65,000 people marched through the streets of Brussels for action on climate change, as the climate summit got underway as the COP-24 summit began in Poland. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. At least twenty-four construction workers were killed by separatist fighters in the province of Papua (on the 2nd). The victims were building a road and bridges in the remote, mountainous Nduga region. India: Twenty-eight people set a police station on fire and killed a local police inspector after rumors of cow slaughter that also left two people dead near the city of Bulandshahr in Uttar Pradesh state. Cow slaughter is banned in parts of mostly Hindu India. Police arrested four people and were looking for the main suspect. Africa: Ethiopia: Protests took place over three days in at least ten towns across the Oromia region demanding official action to stop frequent outbreaks of violence. More than thirty people have been killed, seventeen police officers were killed and tens of thousands have fled the Benishangul-Gumuz region over the past two monhs. More than two hundred perpetrators have been arrested. South Africa: A concert in Johannesburg, marking 100 years since Nelson Mandela's birth, was marred by stabbings and robberies as people left the Global Citizen Festival. Democratic Republic of the Congo: Clashes erupted between troops and rebels that left sixteen dead. The fighting was in Fizi, a region of South Kivu and the rebels loyalties where with a former army general who was opposed to the current president. A new election was to take place this month. Mozambique: Unidentified militants attacked two villages in Nangade district, in the province of Cabo Delgado, killing at least four. North America: Mexico: Popocatepetl volcano underwent an explosive eruption with strombolian activity. US: Severe storms brought dozens of tornadoes that swept across the Plains, Midwest and South, injuring dozens and damaging homes (on the 2nd). A winter storm began developing and would sweep from west to east across the south, bringing more mudsldes to the burnt areas of California. Central America: Guatemala: Fuego volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Solar Activity: A stream of solar wind triggered a series of auroras around the Arctic. In addition, a slow-moving coronal mass ejection was headed for Earth and would trigger more auroras.

7th - New Moon (07h 20m) HIGH


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Thousands of Palestinians demonstrated along the Gaza-Israel perimeter fence. Once again, Israeli soldiers used live gunfire, wounding thirty-three Palesrinans. Europe: France: The country began bracing for a weekend of violence, as has occured in the past few weeks. The Eiffel Tower and museums were closed, shops were boarded up, and Paris' broad boulevards were cordoned off, while officials mobilized armored vehicles and 89,000 police. Members of the "yellow vest" movement have been holding anti-government demonstrations weekly, and damaged or destroyed property and set fires. More than fifty people were injuried. Italy: A pepper spray triggered a stampede at a disco in in a town east of Florence, leaving six dead and dozens injuried. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo: The second-largest, second-deadliest Ebola outbreak in history spread to Butembo, a city that is home to almost a million people. Already twelve health workers were killed by the disease and forty-seven health workers were infected with Ebola. Meanwhile, two attacks by a militant group in the Beni region near the Ugandan border left at least seventeen dead. North America: US: A major storm triggered widespread, heavy flooding, forcing evacuations throughout Southern California. Especially hard hit were those areas burnt by recent wildfires. At least one person was killed. Another multifaceted storm brought flooding rainfall and localized severe weather from northwestern Texas to northern Arkansas. Some areas were pelleted with snow and ice as well. The storm would continue for days. North Carolina and southern Virginia also braced for an immobilizing storm that brought heavy snow and ice. Some regions were buried by 12 to 18 inches (305-457 mm) of snow. South America: Brazil: Two attempted bank robberies took place in the city of Milagres, in the state of Ceara. The bank robbers took hostages before they attempted the robberies, and when the police responded, a firefight ensued, leaving at least twelve dead. Ecuador: Reventador volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Pacific: South: A powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake (12-05; 04:18) was followed by a 6.6 magnitude aftershock (12-05; 06:43) east of Tadine, New Caledonia. A tsunami warning was issued for Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Solar Activity: A large coronal hole on the Sun was facing Earth and spewing a stream of solar wind that would trigger major geomagnetic storms and auroras.

10th-11th - Mid-Phase HIGH


Mideast: Israel and Palestine: Israeli military forces carried out a series of raids in the West Bank city of Ramallah, bursting into stores and the offices of the official Palestinian news agency. The manhunt was conducted to find gunmen who shot seven Israelis outside the Jewish settlement of Ofra. The military also did "extensive searches" in villages near the settlement. Europe: Russia: Ebeko volcano on the island of Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands, underwent an explosive eruption. France: A gunman opened fire near a Christmas market in the city of Strasbourg, killing four and wounding eleven. No motive was known and no group claimed responsiblity, though the gunman was on a watchlist. The gunman was shot and wounded before fleeing the scene. Asia: Indonesia: Dukono volcano, on the island of Halmahera, underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. India: A major storm began developing in the Bay of Bengal that would develop into a tropical cyclone and would impact southern India. It would bring heavy rains, damaging winds and mudslides. Africa: Sudan: A helicopter crashed in eastern Sudan, killing a state governor and at least four other officials. The helicopter exploded in flames after it hit a communications tower as it tried to land in Al-Qadarif state. The cause was unknown. Mozambique: Torrential rains, accompanied by thunderstorms and strong winds, swept the northern and southern regions of the country. Ten people were killed by lightning in the provinces of Sofala, Zambezia, Manica, Tete and Niassa. Partial or total destruction of houses left more than 500 families homeless. Democratic Republic of the Congo: An overnight attack by a rebel group left at least ten dead. The attack took place in the town of Oicha in the Beni region, where the rebels also looted property and animals. It was near the country's worst-ever outbreak of the Ebola virus. Australia: Tropical Cyclone Owen pounded parts of northern Queensland triggering widespread flooding. Owen then moved over the Gulf of Carpentaria and strengthened into a Category 1 tropical cyclone. It then would again bring flooding rains and damaging winds to parts of Queensland and also the Northern Territory. Because of warm waters Owen could strengthen into a Category 3 storm, a severe tropical cyclone, in the next few days. North America: US: A heavy snowstorm swept through the southeast, killing at least four and leaving more tha 300,000 without power in the Carolinas, Alabama, Tennessee and Georgia. More than 500 crahes took place as roads that were clogged with snow. A state of emergency was declared in North Carolina, with some areas reporting as much as 21 inches (533 cm) of snow. It was referred to as an "historic snowstorm." Mexico: Fireworks that were being stockpiled for a celebration exploded, killing five and injuring nine in the community of Fuentezuelas, in the state of Queretaro. Central America: Costa Rica: Turrialba volcano underwent an explosive eruption. South America: Peru: Sabancaya volcano underwent an explosive eruption with lava flows. Brazil: A gunman killed four and then himself at a Catholic cathedral in Campinas, near the city of São Paulo. Atlantic: South: A powerful 7.1 magntude earthquake struck north of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands (12-11; 02:26). Solar Activity: Earth was inside a stream of fast-moving solar wind, triggering auroras atound the Arctic Circle.

15th - First Quarter (11h 49m) MAXIMUM


18th-19th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


22nd - Full Moon (17h 49m) and 21st - Solstice MAXIMUM


25th-26th - Mid-Phase MAXIMUM


29th - Last Quarter (09h 34m) MAXIMUM





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